The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 17, 1936 · Page 1
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March 17, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, March 17, 1936
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.'-IP i - X L O « E R ! r. ME!.t .'. ;: r't OF i ',- NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, MARCH 17, 1936 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SUCTION ONE NO. 138 Pity Small Taxpayers! They Sometimes Pay Too Much Levy on Incomes. By CHARLES F. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , (CPA)--A couple of years ago the internal revenue bureau arrived at t h e conclusion that Uncle Sam could scoop in snug sum 01 money by rounding up small evasions of income tax payments. It was recognized that collections, on account of these supposed d e r e l i c t i o n s , would amount to only a little in each individual case, but it was calculated that the total, the pewee payers being relatively so numerous, and presumably being so evasive, in proportion, as multi-millionairedom, would run high into sight or nine figures. A regular campaign was launched, with a view to squeezing out the last cent due to the government. It was announced in advance in an in- erview or so by Internal Revenue Commissioner Guy T. Helvering. Then local collectors did, in fact get after suspected delinquents with a sharp stick. . Yield Disappointing? How much they rakecl in by thi fine-tooth-combing process I don't know; that part of the story never was told. I surmise that the yield was disappointing, or the internal revenue bureau would have bragged about it. Instead, after making the experiment, it dropped the subject. However, there is no question that the thing was tried. Not only did Commissioner Helvering give warning of it; I was hooked myself, as a suspect. Far from hav.ng a delinquency "pinned" on me, I subsequently got a rebate, having accidentally made an overpayment. Parenthetically,-that was the same year when J. P, Morgan .paid no .income ' s E e s i^ he s-' testified to before the .senate banking and currency committee. Reporters Hire Expert. Anyway, this, year, for the first time, the National Press club, a pretty formidable organization of Washington newspaper men. engaged an expert to advise its membership how to make out their income tax returns. He had a desk in the club lounge and all hands, running into the hundreds, consulted him. Similar assistance was available at the internal revenue bureau and at the various banks around town, but it's terribly inconvenient for the average small taxpayer to stand in line indefinitely for such help; he generally takes the chance of preparing his return unassisted. This club affair was rather social; the members liked it. Insufficient Expemptions. It was a bright idea, but, in one respect defective; the expert did not make his appearance until half or more of the club members already had filed their returns. He suggested that their copies be submitted to him, and many were. In most cases it immediately was apparent that the authors of the returns had overstated their taxable liabilities; they had not taken advantage of legal exemptions, deteriorations et cetera. Small Taxpayer Hit. And these press club folk are tolerably sophisticated; if they're baffled by an income tax blank anybody may be. Yet they're very small payers, mostly. The impression I get is that the small payer is, perhaps, not more honest but more reliable than the big one. Possibly he would like to dodge, but he's afraid to; it isn't worth his while, either. The big one has legal advice, and it is worth his while also. COOPER'S CONVICTION REVERSED Hitler Accepts Invitation for Discussion Ding on Park Board. DES MOINES, W)--Mayor Dwight Lewis appointed J. N. Darling, newspaper cartoonist and former chief of the biological survey to the DCS Moines park board. TAeWeather FORECAST IOWA: Increasing cloudiness with rising temperature Tuesday night: Wednesday cloudy and unsettled; possibly rain in west and ffe north portions; somewhat warmer *-* in east and south portions. MINNESOTA: Snow probable Tuesday night and Wednesday; rising temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum Monday .|fl Above Minimum in Night 23 Above At 8 A. M. Tuesday 26 Above GERMAN LEADER AS PEACE ENEMY Initial Parley on Treaty Breach Will Be Held on Thursday. By DEVON FRANCIS Associated Tress Staff Writer. Rcichsfuehrer Hitler Tuesday accepted the league of nations' invitation for a discussion of Germany's position among nations--and was immediately attacked by Foreign Commissar Litvinoff of Russia as a conspirator against peace. Hitler's acceptance did much to relieve the tension which has existed in Europe during the 10 days since his soldiers marched into the Rhineland, bringing the French charge that he had broken the Locarno treaty. When he remilitarized the Rhineland, Hitler described Germany as a bulwark against communism and declared the new Franco-Soviet pact already had destroyed the Locarno treaty and placed Germany in danger of aggression. Merely Smoke Screen. But at a public session of the league council Tuesday night, Litvinoff charged that Hitler was using his attacks on Russia "merely as a smoke screen for the aggression which is being prepared against other states." . Anthony Eden, foreign secretary ;qf TGreat- ; Britain;,- pledged, his goy- -wniaentiolact^aiiedlatdr^betwe'eii .France anoV Germany in an effort to achieve a new security program. Eden's plan was reported to be: 1. Great Britain would immediately rush to the aid of France and Belgium in the event of an attack by Germany. Entirely New Framework. 2. There must eventually be negotiations for an entirely new fiamework of European security. Litvinoff declared: "The whole world knows that neither the Soviet union nor France have any claims to German territory and that they are not striving to change the frontiers of Germany. "Analyzing the sum total of Mr. Hitler's proposals, I come to the conclusion that they not only would represent no compensation for the harm done to the organization of peace by condoning his breach of international treaties, but would themselves strike a blow at the organization of peace and at the league of nations." Condemn Treaty Breach. He pledged soviet Russia to associate itself with those members of the council "who register in their most decisive manner their indignation at a breach of international treaty obligations, who condemn it, and who support most effective measures to avert similar infringements in the future." Formally Hitler accepted the council's invitation to sit down and ponder the international crisis pre- :ipitated when he denounced the Locarno part and for the second time within a year flew in the face of the Versailles treaty by sending :roops into the demilitarized Rhineland. The initial parley will be held Thursday. But, Germany emphasized, she still did not dissociate acceptance of :he invitation and discussion "in due time" of Hitler's proposals for new treaties to safeguard the peace of western Europe. Suggest Reinforced Pact. An unconfirmed report said Jreat Britain had tried to obtain a ·approchment between Germany and France bv suggesting a reinforced Locarno treaty with Germany participating under the framework of the league. Nevertheless, the basic position of the French---who refuse to barter on the Hitler peace proposal until German troops have been withdrawn^-remained unchanged. Foreign Minister Pierre-Etienne Flandin of France paid a courtesy call on King Edward vni, and French sources said he had made a "last appeal" to Britain to live up to her obligations under the Locarno pact. Koar Their Approval. Monday night in Frankfort-On- Main, the reichsfuehrer asked his audience, "do you want to bury the hatchet with France!" Fifteen thousand persons roared their approval. To consider another dispute, the undeclared war be-.ween Italy and Ethiopia, the council's committee of 13 was called to meet Wednesday in London. It will go over the replies of the two countries to the league appeal for a cessation of hostiliti" 0 ' Iowa State College Head Quits RAYMOND M. HUGHES CHARLES E. FRILEY Friley Succeeds Hughes as President of College RISING MERCURY SEEN FOR STATE Increasing Cloudiness and Maybe Ram Forecast by Weatherman. -'-DES.. - .MpjrNES,.. ."_ij Retiring Head Named President Emeritus by Board. AMES, (.-!')--R. M. Hughes, submitted his resignation as president of Iowa State college to the state board of education, meeting here Tuesday. The board immediately accepted his resignation and elected Charles E. Friley, dean of the . industrial -science 1 ! fli'vision-and -Vice president said'Tae'sday as he : forecast'-increasing- cloudiness, rising temperatures and "maybe some rain in the west and north sections." It was clear in the east and cloudy in the west Tuesday morning after a night of normal temperatures, which saw Charles City and Council Bluffs report the low of 24 above. Sioux city and Council Bluffs reported Monday's high, 50. Temperatures Tuesday night were expected to hold to even freezing or above throughout all the state. "Flood danger, at least, for the time being- is past," the weatherman said, "for the rain is not expected to be heavy." Jurors Selected for Tommy Touhy Trial 'MINNEAPOLIS, W--A jury of 10 men and two women were selected to try Tommy Touhy on charges of robbing government mails of $78,000 in federal court Tuesday. Touhy js the last of the Touhy gang which ranged Chicago during the prohibition years. 221 Known Dead in Chinese Theater Fire TIENTSIN, China, M)--At least 221 persons died Tuesday night in a theater fire at Tuliuchen. Most of the victims perished in a panic stricken jam at the exits. Many, with their clothes on fire, jumped into an adjacent creek and were drowned. Vemzelos Condition Declared "Serious" PARIS, Eleutherios premier of Greece, sufferin lapse from an attack of -- The condition of Venizelos, 72. former grippe, turned "suddenly worse his physicians said. Physicians announced: "His condition is very serious." in Blaze on Ships HONGKONG, (/Pi-- At least a hundred persons were believed to have perished Tuesday when four crowded Chinese passenger boats being towed upstream from Kongmoon on a small river emptying into the South China sea, caught fire near Shiuhing. president emeritus of the- college. Hughes submitted his resignation in a letter written in England, where he now is vacationing on a six months' leave of absence granted him by the board last October because of impaired health. Plans Not Certain. "When I was given a six months' lea.ve," he wrote, "my plans were uncertain. Since then I have more fully realized how heavily the responsibility of directing the college has weighed upon me. "It now seems best for me personally as well as for the best interests of the college that I surrender into other hands this responsibility which I have endeavored to ! carry since 1927." Asking the board to make the resignation effective at its pleasure, Hughes said: "At the same time I hope the board will see fit to permit me to continue in the service of the college in a less burdensome position where I can devote my time to working with the students." Commends Co-operation His letter also commended the board highly for "the co-operation and support extended me while president of the college." Hughes became president of Iowa State in 1927, coming here from Miami university in Ohio where he served as president. He succeeded R. M. pierson, who had been named president of Maryland university. Mrs. Hughes died several years ,?."!. C ! a S°- Tn e b °a rd granted the six months leave at Hughes' request last fall and named Dean Friley vice president to administer the college while President Hughes was absent. The new president emeritus went to England recently. Will Assist Friley. The board directed that Hughes will perform such duties as president emeritus as President Friley "may delegate to him." The new president was graduated from Sam Houston Teachers college in East Africa. Ethiopia accepted the proposal flatlv, Italy in principle. In the far east oil wag poured on waters troubled by Soviet-Japanese relations. The Soviet government advised Japan it would agree to re- demarcation of the Russian-Man- choukuoan border south of Lake Khanka provided Japan consented to settle the Manchoukuoan-Outer a border disputes Tuesday, I a *- Houston. Texas, in 1905 and from Texas agricultural and mechanical arts college in 1912. He served Texas A. M. 12 years as registrar and from 1924 to 1932, when he came to Iowa State, he was dean of the A. M. schools of arts and sciences. He received a. masters degree from Columbia university in 1923 and a doctor of laws degree from Simmons university in 1921. Centerville Grants 25 Year Franchise to Utility Company CENTERVILLE, OP)--At a special election here Monday a new 25 year franchise was voted for the Iowa Southern Utilities company, 1.997 for and 134 against, a vote of 15 to 1 in the headquarters city of this company operating in 25 south- ein Iowa counties. The vote was particularly heavy for this city. In presidential elections only a few more than 3.000 votes are cast. JAFSIE HOME AND READY TO TALK WITH GOVERNOR Declines to Comment as He and His Daughter Reach New York. PICTURE ON PAGE 2 NEW YORK, OP)-- Dr. John F. Condon, returning to New York from a Panama vacation, was quoted by a fellow passenger on the liner Santa Inez Tuesday as being "very willing to discuss the Lindbergh case with Gov. Harold G. Hoffman of New Jersey, in Dr. Condon's own Bronx home. "Jafsie" himself declined to make any comment whatever on the last month efforts of Bruno Richard Ha.uptmann to escape execution for the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh baby. But the Rev. Henry Beets, director of the Presbyterian missions in South America, with headquarters at Valparaiso, Chile, quoted him as having said: Glad to Receive Him. "I will be very glad to receive Gov. Hoffman at my home in the Bronx, which should be a very lovely place now that spring is here, and give him a good dinner and talk with him over the cigars as long as he pleases, but I don't see any reason why I should go to New Jersey." . .The--.gra.y- haired, .educator, closeted: in, iis : lio'me, consistently .refused -to- -atnplif-y ; ;--his,-Rar)ieT-:. statementB of ,'*'n 1 6-'i'6mment:;" : ,made wlieh he and his daughter, Mrs. Myra Hacker, were met on the ship by newspapermen. Aboard ship, Dr. Condon parried questions about the Lindbergh case with pleasantries about his trip and the state of his .daughter's health. "I believe the rest has been beneficial to my daughter, although her health has not improved as rapidly as I had hoped," he said. Demands Examination. "Jasie's" return came only 21 hours after C. Lloyd Fisher, Hauptmann counsel, announced he would demand a rigorous examination of the Bronx school teacher in the hope it might provide a clew to new evidence, the last chance in saving Hauptmann's life. Hauptmann is scheduled to die the week of March 30. Condon's return presaged swift developments in the case. Gov. Harold G. Hoffman, who has said Condon should clear up statements made since the trial, was expected to write him either Tuesday or Wednesday, inviting him to come to the state house for examination. What course Fisher might follow should Condon refuse to comply voluntarily, was not known. Time Up to Condon. The authoritative source who disclosed the governor's intention said the time of the questioning- xvould be left to Dr. Condon's convenience. Under the governor's plan Atty. Gen. David T. Wilentz. who headed the prosecution at Flemington, and Prosecutor Anthony M. Hauck, Jr., of Hunterdon would be present. The governor, who became actively interested in the case last fall, conferred at length Monday, with Wilentz, after the attorney general had talked the case over with Hauck and Col. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, head of the state police. On March 12 the governor's 90 day legal reprieve powers expired. Should there be anything to warrant a new stay of execution, the governor said, he will suggest that Wil- entz and Hauck and Fisher go before Justice Trenchard and ask for a new trial and a judicial reprieve. Fishing Regulations for 1936 Announced by State Commission DES MOINES, (7Pi--The state conservation commission announced Tuesday fishing regulations for the 1936 season which leave opening dates the same as year except for trout, which has been set back to April 15. Another Reason Not to Use Toothpicks! ONEONTA, N. Y.. I.P)--Surgeons operated on H. J. Dean and removed a toothpick from his appendix. They said the toothpick also punctured his liver. See Solution of $427,000 N. Y. Holdup NEW YORK, (/T)-- An early morning raid on an upper west side apartment in which police arrested seven men and three women Tuesday and confiscated a miniature arsenal may result in a solution, police believe, of the $'127,000 holdup two years ago or an armored pay truck. Police said that William O'Brien, 25, one of the prisoners, was wanted in connection with the baffling Brooklyn robbery. His fingerprints, officers said, checked with those on a wanted card at police headquarters. In addition to the holdup in Brooklyn, police said the arrests may solve a number of out of town bank robberies. Fifth avenue jewel robberies and numerous highjacking of trucks loaded with silks and other merchandise. Rifles mill Shotguns. Besides repeating rifles, sawed- off shotguns, and pistols, police found thousands of rounds of ammunition, a supply of gun cotton, a set of, new Georgia license plates and a short wave radio transmitter. Among tnose arrested was a man booked as Joseph Heel, 22, of Newark, N. J. Eyewitnesses to the spectacular Brooklyn armored car holdup agreed on the pictures of three unidentified men in the rogues gallery as having been members of the gang of 12 that staged the daylight holdup with machine like precision, Seemed to Disappear. The gang seemed to disappear af- ter,rt teeing- .f ronj - under, the guns~o£ the- 'arxdpred car guards. A widespread search throughout the cast to turn up any substantial failed clews. Police did not disclose today if O'Brien, whom they described a s a laborer, was one of the three picked out by eyewitnesses two years ago. The gang was caught today completely by surprise and were arrested without a shot being fired. ON THE INSIDE CHARLES E. COBGHUN Original Shrine of Little Flower Burns ON PAGE 2 Globe-Gazette Joins All State Cage Vote ON PAGE 9 Opposes Emmetsburg Incumbent Fifth Time ON PAGE IS Mason City Cooking School Classes Open PICTURES ON PAGE 4 STORY ON PAGE 6 Vigilantes Figure in Early Iowa History ON PAGE 13 Mrs. Elizabeth Meurs Asks $20,000 Damages ON PAGE 14. Found Not Guilty HAROLD M. COOPER HAVE TO MODIFY AAA PROPOSALS Income Tax Collections of First 16 Days Ahead of Year Ago. AAA STORY ON PAGE 2 WASHINGTON, (.-TV -- Secretary Wallace Tuesday warned the nation's farmers that necessity for developing a national progra.m prob- p.biy will cause the AAA to modify or reject some of the recommendations made at four regional conferences held during the last two weeks. At these conferences, farmers drafted recommendations for administration of the $440,000,000 soil conservation program. "Our task now," Wallace said, "is ':tb -fit reglo.nar 'recommendations into a national program, giving necessary consideration to the total amount of money available for the program this year and to the objectives set forth in the new law. In doing this, some of the regional proposals will doubtless be modified and some might have to be rejected for this year at least." Details Not Heady. Wallace said flatly that complete details of the new program cannot be announced until congress passes the necessary appropriations. President Roosevelt meanwhile summoned congressional leaders to the white house for a conference on next year's relief appropriation. The federal communciations commission reported to the senate that ir. had worked with the Black lobby committee in procuring copies of telegrams in order to procure in- formatiot^ information regarding the forgery or destruction of messages. Citing that the Black committee had developed evidence of forgery and destruction of telegrams, the commission said "we considered it our duty to make a thorough investigation." Income Taxes flain. Income tax collections of 5281,18,032 for the first IR days of March, representing a gain of 46.4 per cent over the corresponding period last year, were reported by the treasury. These receipts, which included first installments on 1935 incomes, boosted the total of income tax collections for the year to 5361,428,990. or 45.6 per cent greater than last year. .Virtually all collection districts, in preliminary telegraphic reports to the treasury, announced gains over last year. A. T. and T. Head Heard. Waiter S. Gifzbrd, A. T. and T. president, testified before the communications commission that his company was the largest private enterprise in the world and that it enjoyed a "virtual" monopoly. A vo;e on the -?fi03.000,000 war department appropriation bill approached in the senate. Senator Fletcher (D.. Fla.) was fighting to restore a deleted appropriation of 520.000,000 for the ship canal and three other projects, all of which have been started with WPA funds. Vamlenhers; Leads Fight. Senator Vandenbcrg (R.. Mich.) led the fight against the canal on the grounds it is economically unsound, while Fletcher held the work was justified. Green was the favorite color in j congress in honor of St. Patrick. ! The day had an added significance i for President Roosevelt, who was to celebrate his thirty-first wedding anniversary with a dinner Tuesday night. Controversy involving relief continued. Senator Holt (D.. W. Va. I who planned to make another speech attacking A d m i n i s t r a t o r HELDNOTGUILTY OF IOWA LIQUOR LAW VIOLATION Case Remanded by State Supreme Court for Dismissal. DES MOINES. (.-T_The Iowa supreme court Tuesday reversed the Linn county district court conviction of Harold M. Cooper on a. charge of violating the state liquor control act while state liquor commission chairman. The court, in ruling- Cooper did not violate the act, remanded the case to the district court for "proceedings in accordance" with its opinion. B. W. Garrett, supreme court clerk, said that when the supreme court holds there has been no violation of the law, the usual procedure is for the district court to dismiss the action. Up to Lower Court. Justice .1. M. Parsons explained that "while the supreme court did not issue definite instructions to dismiss, it is up to the lower court to take acion in compliance with the supreme court opinion." The higher court's decision waa by a 7 to 1 margin. Justices Donegan. Albert, Mitchell, Parsons, Anderson and stiger concurring in a. majority finding written by justice Richards. Justice Hamilton dissented. Cooper, Marshalltown resident who resigned from the liquor commission chairmanship after his court trial, was convicted in the lower court of violating the state .liquor law by'knowingly permitting J. Le- roy-Farmerrcianni|rg/|i;6mpany operator, tbipossessMfqiior illegally. Cooper Fined $.1,000. Cooper was fined Sl.OOO and the case was taken under advisement by the court, on appeal, Nov 21 1935. "The indictment did not charge the defendant. Cooper, with any offense in that Farmer had no connection with the liquor commission," the supreme court's majority opinion said. The court held that whereas Cooper was indicted for permitting Farmer to possess illegal liquor, the law under which the indictment was returned provides a penalty only for permitting members, officials or employes 'Of the commission to violate the act. The opinion reprinted section 85 of the liquor control act which provided a penalty for a member or employe of the commission who shall knowingly or wilfully violate the act or "aid, assist, or permit any such violation." Shakespeare Is Quoted. Much of the opinion centered about a definition of the wore! "such" and at one point the opinion cited a Shakespearean quotation, "let no such man be trusted." The justices concurring in the opinion used Webster's dictionary to define the word, agreeing with Cooper's attorneys that "the words 'such violation' must refer to what precedes (in the act) and there is no other violation mentioned to which they can refer." Cooper's attorneys also argued "if the statute had intended to make it a crime for a member of the commission to permit a violation by any and everyone in the state of Iowa outside the commission, then it could and should plainly so state. No Enforcement Duty. "The statute at no place placed the duty of law enforcement upon the commission. Prosecutors contended in their argument before the high court that the language or the statute "indicates" that it was intended to prohibit the permission, by the commission or any of its members, of violations of the liquor control act by any person. "The entire liquor control statute, taken as a whole, indicates that 'such violation' as used in section S5 means a violation by any person," they contended. Hud One Purpose. The court held that the legislature in enacting the section under which Cooper was convicted, had but one purpose, "to make provision to insure proper performance of essential administrative duties," by commission members and employes in their official capacities. The opinion said that in another section the legislature made provision for enforcement by charging county attorneys, sheriffs, police and marshals "of the entire state" with the responsibility. Specifically, the supreme court Harry L. Hopkins, said his aim was construed section S5 ?..i "forbidding a nationwide investigation into I those in a u t h o r i t y to knowingly per" charges of politics in relief. , mil violations by inferior officers or

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