Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 27, 1934 · Page 3
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 27, 1934
Page 3
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TUESDAY, MARCH 27, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LKE SVNUH-ATK NKWSl'AJ'KB Issued Kvery Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Eaat State Street Telephone No. 3801 LEE P. LOOM1S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOlD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor . . - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. Mason City and Clear Laxt. by the year 57.00 SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason chy ana Clear Lake, ar 57.00 by the week OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND 1.EAB LAKE Per year by carrier 57.00 By mall 6 months .. Per week by carrier .... 5 15 By mall 3 months .. Per year by mall .. 54.00 By mall 1 montn .. OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year $6.00 SI* months.. .53.00 Three months, .. 52.00 ... $1.25 ... $ .50 And, after all, it is style alone by which posterity will judge of a great work, for an author can have nothing truly his own but his style. --ISAAC D'lSBAELI OUR SANTA GLAUS ROLE T HE extent to which the United States became a creditor nation during and after the war is graphically set out by two tables prepared by the Globe-Gazette's Washington information bureau. In the one. the size of the loans is set forth and in the other the present status of the obligation is presented. rre-Amilstice Country Loans Armenia -- ? Austria . -Belgium ____ 171.780,000.00 Cuba ....... 10,000,000.00 Czechoslovakia ..... Esthonla .... Finland ..... France ..... 1,970,000,000.00 Great Britain 3,696,000,000.00 Greece ...... Hungary Jugoslavia Latvia Liberia .. Lithuania Nicaragua Poland .. Rumania Russia ... .. 1,031,000,000.00 .. 10,605,000.00 Pnst-Arnllstlce Borrowings $ 11,959,917.49 24,055,708.92 207,307.200,43 31.879,671.03 13,999,145.60 S. 281.926.17 1,434,818,845.01 561,000.000.00 27.167,000.00 1.685.835.81 617.034,050.90 41,153.466.55 5,132,287.14 26.000.00 4,981.628.03 431,849.11 159.666,972.39 37.922,675.42 4,871.547.37 Tntal Indebtedness ; 11,959,917.49 24.055.708.92 378.087.200.43 10,000,000-00 91.879,071.03 13.999.14! " 8,281.926.17 3,404,818,945.01 4, 27,167,000.00 1.685.835.61 1,648.034,050.90 51.758,486.55 5,132,287.1' 26,000.01 4,981,628.03 431,849.14 159.666.972.3E 192,601,207.3' ToU , $7,077,114,750.00 53,273,275,847.20 $10,350,490,597.21 Interest Hate 01 Funding Country Armenia Austria Belgium Czechoslovakia 3.3 Cuba. Esthonla 3.3 Finland 3.3 France 1-64 Great Britain .3.3 Greece .... Hungary . Italy Jugoslavia Latvia ... Liberia ... Lithuania Nicaragua Poland ... Rumania . Russia ,.. ...0.3 ...3.3 ...0.4 ...1.0 ...3.3 '."s.3 Total to be Repaid Including Interest Under FundlnR Agreements $ 24.615,000.00 727,830,500.00 312,811,433.00 33,331,140.00 21,695,055.00 6,847.674,104.00 11,105,665,000.00 32.297,000.00 4,693,240.00 2,407.677.500.00 95.177.635.00 13,958,635.00 14,531.940.00 435,687,550.00 122,506,260.00 Amounts Already raid 52,191,200.01 18,534,200.01 1,2-18,400.01 3,332,915.01 486,075.900.0 1,929,298,300.0 3,092.000.0 408,500.0 99.584,500.0 2,588.800.01 648,600.01 1,138,600.01 22,871.300.0 4,761,900.0 Total $22,200,651.922.00 53,126,597,815.0 s all the people, not the organized labor group or the rganized employer group, and their duels must be eld within reasonable bounds. It is the highest public nterest to protect the hundred odd millions of us ,vho are innocent by-standers. Mr. Roosevelt deserves the greatest credit for hav- ng worked this serious situation into calmer waters, t lias been a ticklish matter, the dramatic stubbornness of both sides, doggedly fighting for what they conceived as a vital principle, being markedly conspicuous. The odds were all against the president's success n mediation, and his accomplishment seems nothing short of a triumph o£ diplomacy. Credit also goes to the sensible leaders of both sides of the argument. They have been big enough to place the public interest above their own. Pertinent or ImpertinentJ One wishes the temperamental French could get as excited over the three billion and a half they borrowed from us as they have over the fifty or sixty million dollars involved in the Stavisky pawnshop scandal. * * * That British philologist who is contending for a 40-letter alphabet identifies himself as an ally of Washington's brain trusters. The reason the bonus has less support in the senate than in the house is that only a third of the senators are up for re-election. After all, what business has anybody other than a soldier or a police officer with a machine gun? # * * Picking a bonus with the president has become a favorite pastime in the lower house. OTHER VIEWPOINTS FOR PARTY RESPONSIBILITY H. Henry in Charles City Press: There are mut- ·« about reorganizing the republican party it In this whole line-up of debtors, Finland--tiny Fin land--stands out in admirable relief as the one am' 1 only nation which has accepted its obligation as vijthing to be discharged. Finland is paid in full as o present, ttote- . tr'ist the countries, notably Great Britain";, 'have resorted to "token payments" as a means of saving their face and their credit. But others, notably France, have been willing to accept the classification of "dead beat." They received and spent Uncle Sam's money and now they curse the old gentleman for trying to collect. Uncle Sam, of course, is just a pleasant way of referring to America's taxpayers. In the final analysis, the burden of France's dead beat qualities is going to fall on all of us. And we aren't without a burden of our own contracting either. This latter is reflected in a summary of our national debt recently compiled by Associated Press. On Aug. 31, 1919, our national debt had reached its peak of $26,596,701,648. In 1930 that indebtedness had been reduced to 516,185,309,831. The public debt at the start of this year was estimated at $23,817,036,025. At the present contemplated rate of spending, the June 30 figure this year will be $29,847,000,000 and the June 30, 1935, will be $31,834,000,000. At 3 per cent, interest on public debt in 1935 will be nearly $1,000,000,000 a. year. The amount of money in circulation, save for some governmental funds for which no accounting can be made, totaled $5,791,000,000 at the beginning of this year. Gratifying indeed is the policy originated in congress and unequivocally indorsed by the treasury department that no credit shall be extended to nations which are in default on their existent obligations to America. It is to be hoped that this rule may be extended to those nations which have resorted to the cheap-John token payments. It may be, of course, as a speaker here recently insisted, that we have "kissed all this money goodbye" unless we elect to accept it in the form of imports from the debtor nations. It's a notable fact, however, that these nations find the means to build armaments in unprecedented degree. It's an open question whether paying honest debts is any more "uneconomic" than this activity. Nor does this conclusion explain how Finland has found a way to be honest. The one certainty of the situation is that Uncle Sam should quit volunteering for the role of Santa Glaus for the world at large. In the meantime, one hopes, a way will be found to defer the next war until the last one is paid for. exSects to win in the future, but how reorganize? The party has always represented fixed principles that have made this a great nation. It has been the patriotic party of the country where every man, whatever his creed or color has been respected and defended and wherever corruption or dishonesty has been found it has been the part of individuals and not of orgam- Za The party has always been progressive and abreast of the times on every national issue, and in republican strongholds it has given every party or individual lull freedom of the speech and action and it has never oppressed a voter or denied him his inalienable rignts as a freeman, but this cannot be said of the democratic strongholds of the nation. Progressives, so-called, have never displayed any superior patriotism and usually they are democrats in disguise, willing to tear down their party if they can only lift themselves by their bootstraps. For our part we would prefer a standpatter any time for we understand their language and can know they mean what they say. They fight outwardly and not inwardly, while each new brand of party spirit is a mystery where every voter has a chance to interpret his platform according to his own hallucinations. It is eslf-righteousness, better than thou and you take your chances. We like the old style of party loyalty, striking straight from the shoulder, without mystery or "ifs" and "ands." The republican party was not defeated at the last election through any neglect of duty, but through the mad forces of wind and storm, uncontrollable elements which are now mystifying the admin istration at Washington. No sane-man is now--charging the republican .party with, the; degression'."'''''."..'..".'.':.; ':" " " 0 THAT SIGH OF RELIEF! ,NE can almost hear the sigh of relief exhaled by the entire United States at the word from Washington that the threatening automobile strike has been definitely averted. The exhalation comes from the release of long held tension and fear that the budding recovery was about to be spiked, perhaps destroyed, by a clash between two groups warring--not for better wages or working conditions--but for their own points of view. A crime against the whole nation it would have been if one hundred and twenty million people, without any offense or. interest in the quarrel, had been plunged into a long-drawn-out industrial war. It is as criminal to force an issue to such hostilities as it is for an absolute monarch to lead his people into the shambles for dynastic reasons, or the interests of some special ruling group. After all, the United States AN TJNSPECTACULARTROAD TO SUCCESS H. B. Coleman in Luverne News: Years ago a smal city daily had a young reporter working for it. H was a sissified sort of a chap, and kind of a jok to the older folks of said city. Went with a pretty nic girl and folks wondered what she saw in him. Finall; le got canned and moved away--to a better job. Jus an accident, so the folks said and congratulated th girl on being rid of him. A few years later he accom panied Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt to Africa and after that we heard of him on various other big jobs. The other day we saw a notice in the city dailie that his wife had died and that he was assistant gen eral manager of the Associated Press--a real jol that calls for a real newspaperman. No, the wife wa not the small city girl. What became of her? Heck most of us who knew her then cannot even remembe her name. Which shows that people should not judg a man at thi start. It's what he has done at th finish that counts. THE SENATORS LEARN A LESSON Cedar Rapids Gazette: The committee's experience with Colonel Lindbergh and Captain Rickenbacker however, must have taught it a valuable lesson on how to prevent unfavorable testimony in the future The proper method, it would appear, is to refrain from calling on competent, conscientious, courageou young witnesses. The most satisfactory type of wit ness for a political committee is one with a wea' memory, a guilty conscience and a disturbing fea that the committee may parade some of his shady record if he becomes too obnoxious. PATTERSON STRENGTH NOTED Marshalltown Times-Republican: Senator Patter son's candidacy for lieutenapt governor is being we received by a number of republican papers. Shoul he gain the · nomination he would give Kraschel horserace. He is running as a republican and will d well by running by himself instead of hitching hi wag-on to the Turner star which appears to be losin its brilliancy. His Wisconsin income tax affiliation are likely to prove his heaviest handicap. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG DAILY SCRAP BOOK Copyright. 19M. I)." Central I'rcss Association, Int NEAR- COCONUT CJR.OVE, FLA. PK.OM A · B. 0OWAG/AC, MICH. ARE - l R E E . MEr4 'Jo EVER.V MAN MEE.DED CR.EW OF THE GRAF ZEPPELIN- £A=+4 MAN'TAKES ONLY A FOUR-HOUR SHIFT" H AR-D lASK ARE. MAPEto , LOOK EASY BY WOMEM I N D I A -- ' AND BARRELS oF BEER. 'fHElR HEAD'S 15 ONE OF "THEM DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clcndcnlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters rrom readers When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up, tn order. In the dally column. Address yuur queries to Dr. Logan clendenlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOOAN CJ.ENDENINO. SI. THESE FOODS SUIT STOCKY FOLK r\IFFERENT from the slender, high-strung-, race\J horse type which we considered yesterday, is the stocky individual who has a relatively short, chunky jody and tends to add weight readily. A diet which is suitable for the slender individual is entirely unsuitable for this individual. What makes the difference in the constitutions of these persons is not an easy thing to settle to the ' complete scientific satisfaction of everyone, but we tnay speculate on the basis of certain facts which we know. The internal bodily structure of the stocky person shows that the bones, particularly, of .the spine, are broader and shorter and the muscles are stronger, so that he is not so subject to backache, headaches and fatigue as his slender brother. The digestive tract allows him to absorb and digest his food better and, therefore, his tendency to over-accumulation of fat increases. In the internal workings of the Dp. Clendenlnc ductless glands of the stocky person it is possible to imagine that the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal are less active than in the slender person. This is the statement which is made by Dr. Jean Bogert in his book, "Diet and Personality," although I think it is probably the most debatable part of his chapter. The result of all these functional changes is that these people digest their food well, absorb a great deal of it, and being freed from the "endocrine urge,' they are easy-going, sluggish, and this further accentuates their tendency to overweight. They are "fireless cookers." Since their fuel needs are comparatively low and their utilization of food very complete, the first essential in their diet is that it should be low in fuel value. Meals suggested for this stocky type are as follows: FOR PAYMENT IN FOOD CALMAR, March 26.--Now that CWA is being discontinued, how are families without a breadwinner going to exist? We, are told that the president intends to do something for us later. But they don't say when, or what. Maybe we'll be told that we should have saved some of our wages to buy food. The fact is that we didn't get such a lot of work. And when you have back rent to pay, and your children need clothes, and numerous small bills are pushing to be paid, what were we to do? Besides, we understood that CWA was to continue until May.. Some of the men were met when they came from work with their checks by debtors and frightened into giving up most of what they earned. That wasn't right In our own case, our earnings were handled as best we could, with not a cent foolishly spent. We had all we could do to live on $7 a week without paying bills and the few times we had $15 a week seemed like heaven to us. My husband caught a ride into Chicago a few days ago. He is going to try to get a job there. But he is a stranger and the odds are all against him. It's a long chance but it gives him something to do anyway. He will lose his mind staying here looking for work where there is none to be had. The suggestion on my mind is just this: Why doesn't the government buy up the surplus food with its relief money and let the men work for it. None of those who are in earnest would kick if we had enough to eat and enough clothes to cover us. Those not in earnest deserve no consideration. In my opinion, this course would greatly have extended th? benefits of the funds thus far expended. Sincerely yours. ' MRS. H. J. SPINNER BREAKFASTS (1) Prunes Uclba Toast Coffee (2) Orange Small Dish of Cereal Coffee (3) HaU Grapefruit Poached Egg Two Strips Crisp Bacon Two Bran Muffins Coffee LUNCHES (1) Bouillon Omelette With Asparagus Tips Lettuce Salad Fear for Dessert (2) Casserole of Meat, Peppers and Rice Spinach Corn Muffins Gelatin for Dessert (3) Vegetable Soup Cheese Souffle Grilled Eggplant Fruit Salad DINNERS (1) Broiled Lamb Chops Carrots Duchcsse Potatoes String Bean Salad Apricot Whip (2) Baked Whiteflsh Broccoli Escalloped Tomato Lettuce Salaad Apple for Dessert (3) Consomme Roast Chicken Beets Creamed Onions Celery Pineapple Sherbet EARLIER DAYS An Interesting Dully feature Drawn From tli Flics ol Um Years Gyne By. G lube-Gait: Lie's OBSERVING Thirty Years Ago-M. V. Bickel, John Engleking, F. Tanner and A Anderson leare Monday for Omaha where they wil O as representatives of the Empire Creamery company, which has called a. convention of its agents. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Chambers left on the noon train for Minneapolis for a brief visit with Mrs. Chambers' parents. Professor Perry of the university is in Forest City today where he will lecture on Yellowstone park. At a meeting of the driving club C. H. McNider was elected president and S. M. Hoyt treasurer. Harry Odle was a visitor at Hartley over Sunday. Al Mattice, JAilwaukee engineer, resumed his run today, taking the train to Minneapolis. Miss Patterson of Marengo has been procured by the school board as the successor of Miss Rosser as principal of the Washington ward school. Twenty Years Ago-- . . . . . . · · - , Frank Morrison, 24 year, old resident of Iowa .City, was instantly killed this morning while working high in the air on a pole of the People's Gas and Electric company. Twenty-three hundred volts of electricity passed through his body when he took hold of two live wires at the same time. H. C. Finch, mayor of Northwood, and his wife, accompanied by Adam Gilpin, arc in the city transacting business and calling on friends and relatives. C. F. Noltzer of Chicago purchased the equipment of the American Steam laundry as a sheriffs sale thi~ afternoon. J. W. Irons, president of the Crystal Lake Ice and Fuel company, also serving in that capacity with the Iowa Ice Dealers' association, returned to the city this morning from Des Moines where he has been presiding over-a meeting of that association. \n appreciative audience greeted the Ames glee club from the state college at the Methodist church last night. cite the following to those parents who are irked by the abundance of questions asked by their children. It is from he pen of Robert Quillon oC Aunt Het renown and its thesis is Unit vhen question-asking ceases-, meii- al growth is likely to be at a standstill. Writing to his flapper daugh- ,er, he says: "As a child you had the usual enormous curiosity--the newcom- r's normal thirst for knowlc«ge. And later on, when you had out- ;rown the habit of incessantly usk- ,ng questions, your natural young appetite for life kept you interested m everything that came within reach. But already your interests are narrowing and that means you are in danger. "Here is what vrill happen. You will learn to be content with a few things--eating- and sleeping, reading novels, attending the movies, playing bridge with a few friends. "Once that happens, your mind will begin to travel in a groove. It never will concern itself with anything except your few little interests. All other matters will bore you because they require thinking outside of your rut. 'And then your mental growth will stop. Whether you are 20 or 30 or 40, you will have the mind of an old, old woman. Life will have nothing more to offer because you will have lost the capacity for anything more. One step farther and you could sit all day and twiddle your thumbs in blissful contentment. "I am not joking-, dear. Look about you and see how many middle-aged women have lost the ability to be interested in anything but gossip and clothes and bridge and the church. "The remaking- of civilization ,m terests them not at all, for the; can't think of such things. Thei: minds have dried up. "Keep your mind growing or yoi arc lost. And the only way to grow is to reach out for new material. --o-knew when I read the ac count ot" Lilyan Tashman' funeral and burial rites wha B. L. T., Chicago Tribune columnis n the days before columning be came an activity for the mentall; ·etarded. meant when he referrei :o "the so-called human race." Sou venir-hunters stole flowers from th coffin and from the clothes of movi celebrities present at the funera iadaverous business that. Ten Years Ago-BOONE---"Pinkey" Greene's Sioux City live won the state cage championship today, nosing out Council Bluffs 22 to 21 iu the finals. Leo Allstot, captain of the Mason City high school wrestling team last year and now a regular with the Cornell college mat squad, will be one of the foui wrestlers Cornell will send to the Olympic tryouts at Iowa City this spring. Carl Freese has returned from Chicago where he has been on business. The automobile show opens at 10 o'clock Thursday night at the armory, with 43 automobiles to be shown. Hanford MacNider left today for Sioux City where he will make four addresses Friday. Miss Helen Schultz of the Red Ball Transportation company and F. E. Carnes, businessman who is interested in several union bus depots, left for DCS Moines this morning. . , , . . . S. B. Rieso, Scarville merchant, was m the city last night. return once more to the economy argument in favor of a reasonable driving speed n the highway. First of all, it's to be noted that lie saving on gasoline between 20 nd 30 miles an hour is- so slight to be almost negligible--and in ivor of the higher speed. The car ·hich travels 18.2 miles on a gal- on of gasoline at 20 miles an hour lakes 18.4 miles a gallon at 30 iles an hour. At 40 miles an hour, the mileage s reduced to 15.7, at 50 miles an our to 13.1 and at CO miles an our to 10.1 miles a gallon. In this connection it is interesting o note that the average motoring peed of 35 miles an hour in 1925 as inci-eased to 50 miles an hour n 193'1, according to the most au- hentic calculations. "note," writes Nate Miller of Emery, "that you admit you are not a judge of qual- ty in poetry. "I don't like poetry either, except Kipling. "Don't even recognize the different classes, such as epic, lyric, good, jad, indifferent, etc. Am led to be- icve that mine is free verse from the fact that I am unable to et any money for it. Am inclosing . sample of the free verse mentioned above." "And the sample referred to is as follows: "When the bandits had gone, having looted the place They left us some facts and some problems to face. Our vaunted intrenchments were just so much trash they took their own time and our bankers and cash. The bandits were stubborn and coldly insisted. And would have hurt someone it we had resisted So we think we were right not to put up a fight. 'Tis the creed of the Milquetoast but it seems to be right." --o-spotted in the "Way Boi:li When" department of: the Chicago Tribune recently this little paragraph from "Foster of Iowa Falls:" "Remember way back when-'Former Gov. Frank 0. Lowden ol' Illinois taught mental arithmetic and kindred subjects in the four room schoolhouse at Iowa Falls, Iowa, as assistant to Prof. A. A. Weaver?''' As Answers ____jii«ms ||^/M'^ «.' What was the nr!|*!nal name of the boat, Jacob Kmipert, now being used by Admiral Jiynl? S. S. Built in 1920 and named West Cahokia. It was afterwards changed to Pacific Fir and is now called the Jacob Ruppert. How is a man's reach measured? W. F. Usually as follows: The person stands against a wall with arms extended against its surface at shoulder height. A mark is made at the end of the finger tips of each hand. The distance between the two marks is the man's reach. Do you offer assistance to school children with their essays and examinations? F. 1*. This bureau does not write essays for school children or help directly in preparation for examinations. To do so would defeat the purpose of the teachers' assignments. References are gladly furnished for es- TODAY IN HISTORY ONCE OVERS "By J. J. MUNDV WE ALL MAKE MISTAKES Among your New Year's resolutions was there one to be more liberal and tolerant toward others and their frailties? . You may be in a position where no one m daily contact with you is privileged to speak to you frankly about your weaknesses. Therefore you may have the erroneous idea that you have but few traits obnoxious to others. Because those in daily contact with you must refrain from directing your attention to your errors, you begin to have the opinion that you seldom make mistakes. But you do make many errors in judgment, as well as in other ways. Fortunately, you have about you, those who are watchful for your interests; otherwise, some of the errors you make would mean ridicule, loss of money and prestige. If you are as fair in your judgment of others as you are favorable concerning yourself, you will not be so heartless in your treatment of those who, at times, fail to come up to your expectations. Everyone makes mistakes sometimes, so be more charitable in prodding others. (Copyright. 1934. KinR Features Syndicate, Inc.) ONE-MINUTE PULPIT--The Lord shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.--Psalm 121:8. MAK. 27 This Date--Wilhelm Notables Born Rontgen (Rint'ghen), b. 1845. Konrad von He was 50 when he discovered the Rontgen or X-rays. * * John Frederick Erdmann, b. 1864, famed surgeon. * * Alfred de Vigny, b. 1797, French poet and novelist. * * Vincent d'lndy, b. 1851, composer. * * Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms, b. 1880, one-time congresswoman. * "Gloria Swanaon- Beery-Somborn-Falaise-Farmer, cinemactress. 151S--White haired, wrinkled Juan Ponce de Leon, only 53, discovered the coast of Florida, which he thought was an island, while looking for a fabled "fountain of youth" identified by tradition with one of the Bahamas. He coasted it 11 days, landed on an Easter, tok possession of it in the name of the king of Spain, named it Florida (Pascua Florida--Feast of Flowers--or Easter Sunday). · « fl 1634--Leonard Calvert, 28, brother to Lord Baltimore, Irish, established the first Catholic colony in America at Yoamaco, Amerindian village on St. George's river, 12 miles from Chesapeake Bay, renamed it St. Mary's. · » » 179-1--President George Washington signed an act, providing for the outfitting of six frigates to protect American commerce from the Algerian pirates, which specifically declared that it was not the intention of congress to establish a permanent navy! This was the beginning of the permanent navy. J903_A 3G year old Polish woman revealed an amazing new discovery to the world in communications sent to the French Academy of Sciences. In studying the principal of radioactivity noted in the metal uranium by one M. Bacquerel, as a thesis for her doctorate degree, Marie Skiodowski Curie detected the heretofore unknown metal radium, estab- say and debate material. If you wish to know what books to consult for your school work, write to this newspaper's Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C., including coin or stamp for reply postage. Does iron rust more rapidly in the city or in the country? P. C. it has been found iron corrodes more rapidly in urban than in rural districts due to the presence of sulphur dioxide in the air. When was the first bridge built across the Mississippi river? A. J. The suspension bridge over the I Mississippi river at Minneapolis in ' 1855. Is it now permissible to put spirituous liquor in candy? G. K. Repeal of the eighteenth amendment did not abolish that stringent clause in the national food and drug law which defines as adulterated any confection or candy which contains intoxicating liquors. This i clause of the law was designed j largely for the protection of child- i ren who relish candy and eat quan- i tities of it. ! When was the name, National Park service, restored to the bureau known as the office of national i parks, buildings and reservations? j G. M. ] The new name was cumbersome j to use. and the original name was · restored March 2, 1934. i Where did geometry originate? j E. J. I Authorities differ somewhat but j most are agreed on ancient F.gypt. i The word "geometry" literally j means "earth measurement." In : Egypt the periodic overflowing of i the River Nile made surveying necessary, hence its original application. Is it true that the average intelligence of American adults is only that of a. 12 year old child? G. M. : Dr. Segel in School Life says 07 ; per cent of the adult population. average American attains greatest intelligence (capacity to learn) between 20 and 25. General learning ability drops off toward 50 but the average does not fall below IB years. What part of the personnel on a battleship is composed of marines? .-V. W. The marines form about 10 p-:r cent of the complement of lar^e ships in the United States navy. Do the marines have bands at stations other than in Washington ? B. M. They maintain bands at the various large posts such as Quantico, Va.; Parris Island, S. Car.; Norfolk, Va., and Philadelphia, Pa. Is NRA an enforcement agency? W. N. The fundamental principle or NRA and of code authorities in adjusting complaints is to obtain compliance by education and explanation. They are adjustment, not enforcement, agencies. The department of justice and federal trade commission are the agencies of the government for enforcing codes. Where was Paulus Hook ? J. B. Paulus Hook was a name formerly given to Jersey City; the name was changed and the city became a municipality in 1838. What was Lincoln quoting when he said, "A house divided against itself cannot stand?" M. H. It is based upon a statement found in St. Mark, Chapter Ilf. verse 25, which is as follows: "If a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand." Abraham Lincoln used this effectively in a speech conserning the division of the United States, a part of which was free and a part slave-owning. lishcd its powers and potentialities in collaboration I to 50 years of njre. has intelligent, with her husband. j above the 12-year-oid level. The \ AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "Sue Mae thinks folks ought: to keep their place, hut it's always a place a little bit below where she is."

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