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F / A R M , J a n u a r y , 1 9 4 4 Published Monthly by the Mason City Globe-Gazette in the Interest of the Farm Industry and Rural Community North Iowa Farmers Will Get No More Soybean Meal in. 1944 Than in 1943; Protein Conservation Plans Necessary North Iowa's farmers will get no more soybean meal and other commercial proteins in 1944 than they did in 1943. That was made plain at a meeting of the feed processors, manufacturers and dealers with representatives of the livestock producing organizations and the press and radio oÂ£ 5 states at Des Moines last week. ' "Why will there be no,more soybean meal when Hie amount' of soybeans raised was increased?"' we asked. - The answer was double barrelled: (1) The soybean acreage is up again for 1944; it will take a larger proportion of the last year's crop for seed; and (2) the millers took 3 per cent of the 1942 ci-op of soybeans for mixing with flour from other grains; they will use In per cent of the 1943 crop, most of the increase going to the armed forces who insist, rightly enough, that proteins for humans are more important than proteins for livestock. * * * * * * How will the farmer react to the demand for further increases , in soybean acreage when he is told that he can expect no more oilmeal? .That was another question asked. The answer from state officials and veteran farm editors was that most 'farmers have long since proved thai they consider the nation's business of winning a \var and the peace to follow more important than their own personal business. If they are given sufficient information about the need, they will produce what is asked by AAA. Frankly, it boils down to the North Iowa farmer sharing the proteins with his neighbors in southern Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, Illinois and other .states. In 1940, Iowa fed 40,000 tons of proteins each month; in 1943 the consumption was 100,000 tons a month. In 1940, about 35 per cent of the livestock feeders used balanced rations: in 1943 about 85 per cent added sufficient proteins to the corn and hay. North Iowa farmers were among the pioneers in the use of balanced rations. Now they will have to lead the way also in conservation of proteins. They could feed whole soybeans. But not very many will waste the oil so essential to the nation's war effort. Good feeders will take what proteins they can get and feed them where they will count the most. And "mothers and babies first" is as true when feeding proteins as it is when rushing for the lifeboats. * * * * * * The shortage of proteins puts the producer in a paradoxical situation during the present shortage of livestock feed. For the old yardstick of 13 bushels of corn equals 100 pounds of pork is outmoded. Now it is 7 bushels of corn and 40 pounds of supplements equals 100 pounds of pork. Instead of $13 worth of corn consumed for 100 pounds of pork, that amount of human food can be produced with about $7 worth of corn and $2 worth of supplements. Now, despite a shortage of corn, the farmer is told that he cannot have all he wants of the corn-saving supplements. The conservation program can be approached from 2 angles. First, of course, the farmer must use green legume hay as much as possible. It should be used for hogs in the feedlot as well as for the sows and pigs which run in the pasture, one of the experts at the Des Moines meeting pointed out. Next, the farmer must feed the proteins where they will do the most good. Culling livestock down to those individuals which will use the feed most efficiently will save proteins as well as livestock feed and it will not be advisable to feed them to very heavy'weights. Raising the price oÂ£ porn was not a move very popular with livestock feeders in this area. But it .is going to help case the live^ stock feed shortage by putting the marginal producer out of business, the experts agree. The North Iowa farmer who has plenty ol corn at hand and is an old hand at feeding hogs is going to keep on raising hogs at the present prices of corn and pork, they declared. But present prices will discourage some of those who got into the business of producing pork when the corn-hog ratio was more favorable than now. Something like an 18 per cent decrease in spring pig farrowings is expected, but it will be the result ol decreases much higher than that in the areas where there is a deficiency of feed and of lesser cuts here in the top corn-hog area. . * # * * * * One of the reasons the press and radio representatives were at the meeting, rather obviously, was to hear the answer to the complaint that the farmer cannot get proteins without paying a high price to the mixer. We got the answer all right. The feed manufacturers are no happier with the present situation that the farmer. They can get in 1944 only half the amount of proteins they used in 1942 and 1943 together. The OPA fixes the prices not only of what goes into the mixed feed but also sets the amount of markup permilted'at retail. Seemingly, there never was a more thoroughly government regulated business than that of mixing livestock and'poultry feeds. There are price ceilings on everything and they cannot even get what raw materials they want. * * * * * * Incidentally, someone mentioned the rising price of feed recently when the price of eggs took a nosedive. One of the government representatives called attention to the fact that the feed price increase was only the result of the increased price of corn. * * * * * * And the feed mixer helps the nation to conserve its limited supply of proteins by putting them into the feed where they are most important. Feed for laying hens, sows and young pigs, for example, will get the highest protein content. But the big job still lies with the-livestock producer. It is up to him to save all types oÂ£ feed by culling his herd to the best animals, keep it free of disease and feed it efficiently to only such weights as require the least feed per hundred pounds of gain.-- FARMERS Chicken and Hog Raisers -ATTENTION- We Want a Name for Our New Hog House! We have just completed our 153rd small building, this building is a 4 pen hog house, we think its a "humdinger" in fact we want your skill as users of sniall portable buildings to give us a name for it. For your skill in suggesting us a name we will pay $10.00. Call at the Northern's Office, look these buildings over, leave your suggestion with us or mail it to us. We hove just completed another work shop in which we can build these small portable houses and can build anything that you may wish. i We also can ready cut these small buildings and if you want to nail them up yourself you can readily do so. We will be equipped for your spring building, hog, chicken houses or barns. I We have on hand at this time. Chicken feeders, Hog feeders. Steel hog troughs. Alfalfa feeders both for hogs, chicken and cattle. Â» We hare a fair stock of lumber and expect by spring to be better supplied than last spring. Lumber and building material will not be too plentiful and would advise getting lined up early for your spring and summer building. Â» We will have a car of steel posts before long, have some woven wire, heavy 26" and quite a bit of 48 Poultry fence. ft We carry the Olson Line of Farm Equipment, such as stanchions, drinking cups, hay track and carriers, barn door track and gate hinges. Â· Our line of builders' hardware is pretty complete. Call on us for these items. Our stock will be more complete as time : goes on. i Â· If you will be needing a wagon box or hay rack for the coming year place your order now, while our men are not busy. We can arrange to have these items on hand when you get ready for them. Â· We have a complete stock of Johns-Manville full thick insulating batts for homes, brooder houses, chicken houses, etc. Bring us your insulation problems, we are prepared to handle them. Also metal (lifetime) weotherstripping for windows and doors. NORTHERN LUMBER CO. PHONE 30 MASON CITY, IOWA 23 2nd ST. S. E.