The Evening Post from New York, New York on January 16, 1818 · Page 2
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January 16, 1818

The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

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Friday, January 16, 1818
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CONGRESS. OUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. ScrceanL mt PwmrlvMi'ia, said, m the motioo now before th house, u merely for ' the appointment of a commute of enquiry, be t could we bo reasonable objection to it The 1 Batter proposed to be enquired into was not, be laid, a qiwstm merely between tne inmviuu u fooled and (he boom i but it was one ia which the nation eras interested and the bouse wooJJ commit as mat an error if they neglected to in . met a proper punishment on tbe i4euaer m such a case, at if they were to inflict puuiihment where no otienc bad been commuted, i ne T . kttu tWm mm . bar of the home war assailable by bribe j whetbtf their feelings were to be wouoded with tannnitv t whether thev were liable to the art of soductiou but it was a general qaettion whether the boas would or would not enftore what authority it had to punish those offending in Uui respect if we hat e the authority, run mr. a. we are bound to inflict punishment in the case before us : for if the offence supposed - to hare Veen commuted soau o proveu, iu - cur hereafter more requiring the exercise of the ' powers of this house ? If you will not exercise what power you posters now, there is so specie of attempt which may not be made with impuni ty on u) nonor or on tne jetruug - w um uum i there is no practice, however corrupt, which 'maynotbeaitesBpted. For apon whom was this attempt made i Upon a member who b at the heai of the committee of claims, that committee whose bonnes it is to determine between the claims of individuals and the interest of the United States, coming in conflict before them ; in doing which, the cbaipstan of that committee has t contend, on tbe part of the United States, a - gainst the tnterett, urged in every possible ahkpe, of the individuals whose claims are Dressrred to , this boete. And would the house allow th unoucr wuu (puiitca uui auiiiuu w umin m the door of the treasury, to be placed in a situa - lion to be exposed t all the gross and corrupt attempts which may be made on him, if they are petmstted to be made with impuuity ? Surely ot. If, then, Mr. ?. repeated, the bouse would ' tot, in the present case, exercise the power of nnn.h ... m f. ... fi - i Tvt i.'i r . I IhiM IMina MahI.I Miiia one in which it wonld. A w lum (unuuu uuiuvojnivijr uaiurv uic honse, Mr. 5. said, a reference to a committee was the usual course in all matters coming before the house. Why not then pursue the usual WIIN Ml m 1M mm H1UI.H llUfJUl HJ this? It appeared to him, indeed, that this . cours was inevitable : the bouse had gone so far m its proceedings, that it was impossible to stop at this stage, unless it could be shewn, more clearly than it had been, that the warrant which bad Usuad was altogether without authority. m a . - .i x. iv. . 4 oere wax o, ( . nuu, iu um ynvcuv, wm there mutt be in all similar cases, two offences committed ; th one, a crime for which the indi - 1 vidua! misjkt be handed over to tbe courts ofjus - this bouse, for which the individual might be proceeded against and - punished in a summary manner. He did not say that both these course might not be purroed. But he did admit, that the nuestioo whether the house should or tho jld not ,iutcrfere, was at all limes a question ou whirls a sound discretion must be exercised when th cits arise. In this way he would an. aW - e tha raitUtman fmm K. Ilamnahira. lu had supposed extreme cases. This bouse, said Mr. 3. m?y certainly in snrh cases rely on its own dtrrratipo, that it will not be impelled tnlo a course wluch is unjust. The cue row before t the Louse was not such a rate, l.owver, but one ' of a otally different rh.arai.tcr. If the house procdi no fur her now, the privileges of the boose were surrendered 'iu every case, unlets for what theuU he done ia the free of th house. If the doctrine of the gent lemon from Otto aud New - Hampshire prevail (said Mr. $.) we snail S af i eils Itw til nt inir rlmir mi llinsloie wner emm w come into zmt nouse, au l inis j " rn , , ,v ... T in" to the coMtiluUot - - - "orTlie pra - bouse U organised. , Va this possible? Andlttun iuulvXak if a warrant contrary to et, tmnirth iTi.t ! in hi i unii exiretn - ii Those put on : n wuer nue. As to the omnipotence or tbe Uritish parliament, to Which was imputed their extensive pri vileges, Mr. 3. said, that parliament consisted of two branches, the lords and tbe commons, exercising legislative authority. ' lint the authority exercised by thoie bodies in tbe punishment of contempts, and in the protection or their pnvi leges, was not a legislative act ; not an act of parliament at all, but of the individual bouses The house would tee at once the distinction between tbe exercise of tbe legislative authority, and of the right and power of self - protection ; and 'he gentleman from iew. Hampshire would tee that his remarks on the omuipolenceofthe British parliament afforded oo argumeut wrainst tbe exercise of power, in regard to the privile ge of this house, somewhat analogous to those of the tsritisa Douse oi commons. i either was it correct, Mr. S. said, that the houses of parlia Blent, iu respect to privileges, were omnipotent Gentlemen might recollect a case which bad oc curred during the trial or Warren IIating, when a clergyman by the name of Logan, think ing Hastings unjustly dealt by, entered into an acrimonious vinuicauon oi aim against me cnarg. es preferred by the house of commons. That house did not in that cat proceed with a summary process, but directed a prosecution to be commenced against the publisher ; and that case bad since become famous by the name of the pro secution against atocraaie. Mr. S. said, he was free to confess that with respect to many of those distant attacks upon the bouse in public prints, or otherwise, which appeared to touch the bouse, and yet scarcely reacoea it, ne snouia say, leave them to the ordinary adminutration of justice ; but when the bands of corruption were extended to this bouse, he hoped the constitution would never fail the bouse in exercising an authority at once, because it was an offence which punishment ought to fol low, and to follow speedily. For, said he, if practice of this kind are indulgsd ; if members of this boas, exposed to such attempts, are to be left individually to follow the persons to pun ishment, w may calculate oo the indisposition of th member to remain here to prosecute to conviction, and there are so many chances of escape that there is reason t apprehend there will occur many instances of this character not quite to strong, 1 trust bat of minor grades, which the chance of impunity will encourage. Mr. 8. concluded by saying, that he held it to be tbe solemn duty of the house, if they have the authority under the constitution, not to flinch from the exercise of it ; because the exercise of it was or high importance to this house only, but to the people of the United States, whose dearest interests are concerned in it. Mr. Ball, of Virginia, eaid, if this proposition to appoint a committee had been made ia the first instance, he should have bad no objection to the proposed enquiry. But he was under tbe impression, that this enquiry into their power ought to have been bad before the warrant was Issued. Suppose this person had been in a distant part of this country, in the District of Maine, for example : would this house arrest him. bring him here, and then enquire whether they had power io oo so or not : ivouid not this be a grievance of the highest character, against the laws of the land, and against the constitution itself? Supposing, after putting a person accused of contempt, to all this inconvenience, and holding him n darance, it should appear that he was "not ameoa'ol to th authority of this house ; would not this proceeding hare been manifestly wrong, and an oppression of the citizen? Iiad We not better, saij Mr. B. suffer a thousand in sults, than trample on th personal lilerty nf the tal K woola not, he said, exercise any aafJwri - ty restraimug it, unless supported by th coneU - iuiim. Tht u his trotd i he had taken an oath to support it, and that instrnmeut provided that no warrant shall issae, unless sniiported bv oath. The warrant against John Anderson had, there, issued in contradict inn to th constiia - tion. Tbe proper coarse would be to distharre him (root th warrant which had been illegally issued i to investigate th subject; and, if tt should be deckled that h was amenable to the boose, then to arrest him and punish him, but aot otherwise to proceed lurtner m we cosiness. Mr. H ubbard. of New - York, rose to suggest. that, reasoning from the context, tbe provisioo of the constitution Whsca nau oeen quoieu, roenw onlv to courts of j attic, and could not b construed to apply to warrants of th description now under cvoilerstioo. Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, said, he bad no objection to vote for th resolution, if it con - . . . . ... .1 tempiateu merely an enquiry uiu im ivjier mode of proceeding. Whilst on the one hand, he said, he was at all time ready and willing to support th coosiitutionsd riehts and privileges of the boose, and was willing with that view to go ost with th enquiry, he was co the other hand bound to protect the citizen from tbe arbitrary exercise of discretion on the pert of the house. Wherever there was ruilL ha honed there would be no shrinking from investigation. When it was proposed brin to r that! individual now accused, whom he had known as a hardy warrior in his country's service, with the frost of many winters on his head (not that he would say any thing to justify ihe late conduct of that individual,) Mr. J. said he had not shrunk from the authority of the house. Mr. J. was opposed to this resolution, u it was intended to examine the accused before a committee ; he was opposed to any course of proceeding but brinKiug tbe individual before the house; he wished to see his lace ; be wished to hear the testimony of those wlio had known him from his iutancy, as to his general character. On this occasion, Mr. J. said, he felt himself to stand in the character of a judge : to examine and pun - uh the accused according to his guilt, but on the other htind to protect his rights whilst arraigned before Una bouse without law to protect nun. It was due to the bouse and to the individual, that he should be brought before them, that cir cumstances of aggravation or mitigation should Deaddoceu; and if be was tound guilty, with corrupt intention, of offering a bribe to a mem ber of 'his bouse trhoe character (said Mr. J.) standing on a basis needing no encomium um me tl tne man should have beeu so Tar depraved as to commit this outrage, under no cir cumstances of mitigation, Mr. J. said he would go, as lar as the constitution would justify lum. to punish him. This was no longer a person il question; the member who had ro honorably brought forward this charge was no longer an insulted individual, any more than be (Air. J.) It was the house that was insulted ; it was for it to punish the offender, if it had tbe power. ftlr. forty Ui, of Ueorgia, said he did not sup pose it possiDie lor anv gentleman to misunder rtand the object of the motion before the house ; which was, not to examine John Anderson, but to inquire what further steps it would be proper lo pursue iu tne case. Mr. Johnion said, he then had no sort of ob jection to the resolution. Mr. Ball rote to say, in reply to the suggestion of th gentleman from New - York, that he had not referred to the clause of the constitution which he had quoted, without having first determined in his own mind, the true construction of it. The gentleman said that the provision in question referred only to judicial proceeding. Is not this, Mr. B. asked, a judicial proceeding ? Will any gentleman contend we can legislate a man into priroo? If we are to punish him, it is from a judicial power inherent in this body. If, in punishing him, we act in a judicial capacity. (which will not bo denied) an oath is necessary to jusuiy a warrant lor his apprehension. Mr. I erry said, that, on this occasion, it appeared to him, to use a vulgar adage, gentlemen leapt before they came to the stile. With re - law was before a court of justice, where strict law prevails, the court would not ex nffieio quah it, if the party concerned submitted to it. It was proper, Mr. T. said, that col. Anderson hould have, the opportunity of objecting to it. If he did so, Mr. T. reserved to himst - lf the right to decide whether the warrant had been issued constitutionally or not. In the present slate of the procce iiegs, he said, the house ought uol to decide : if conscious of his olfcuce, the individual might not think it advisable to object to the authority of the house. Mr. Beecher, of Ohio, ag.in addressed the chair. A man, he said, is either free, or be is not. If free, he was entitled to exemption from every species of arrest not authorised by law. 1 contend, said .tfr. B. that it is our duty, if we find wo havo proceeded wrongly, to correct the procedure as soon as possible. Where will this end? When will you put a stop to it ? He denied the discretionary power of this house to pu - niih at pleasure, according to tbe doctrine of tbe gentleman from 1'ennsylvania. It was time to examiue rigorously what was the power of this house in that respect ; for, he believed, accord ing to tne constitution or th country, no man could be punished oo the supposition that he had committed a crime, but on th ground that he has infringed some law. The constitution provides that no ex jiotl facto law shall be patted : that no citizen sliall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law; and that no person shall be held to answer for a ca pital or otherwise infamous crime without pre sentment or indictment by a grand - jury. Is this man, or is he not, said Mr. B. deprived of his liberty without due process of law ? Is he accused of a crime ? If so, where is the law defining it ? Or, have we the privilege of making anv thing criminal whkh we may chuse to call a crime. How will you punish tbe person whom you decide to be guilty of a crime your own will ha constituted? By imprisonment at discre tion ? That, said Mr. B. is a power I do not wub to possess. Again, he said, the constitution required that the trial of all crimioal prose cutions should be by jury. Was this a trial by jury? If this man has trespassed on bis neigh' bon' rights, Mr. B. said, the courts are open for reuress. l ne individual now in custody is ac cused oi an onence lor which there is no punish ment; but, it it contended, that in the exercise of our discretion, we may inflict it to aoy extent w think fit. It was a doctrine maintained by the courts ot our country, that no man should be punished for an act which he did not know was a crime when he was committing it. But, it was contended, that there was a power inhe rent in this body to take such measures as will protect its own integrity. Our integrity, Mr. B. said, is to be protected by other means than those which may be adopted by this bouse to prevent individuals from assailing it. How far, bt asked, does the jurisdiction of this house extend, oo the principles for which gentlemen contend? AU over the United States ? Or, is it circumscrib ed, and by what limits ? A bribe might be offered to a member before be came here : if the member uurloses it after his arrival, have we a right to scud for the offender ? Mr. B. said he could not accede to this doctrine. But it was said, that this resolution provided a way in which a thorough investigation of the subject might be had and therefore it ought not to be objected to. Mr. B. objecud to it, because, he said, it was Jie amy oi every man, her and elsewhere, to protect the rents of the citizen, of the invasion of hiih there was more dan?rr than th! the rights of this house would be trampled under tool, muu me nation uiereoy sustain injury. If, aid he, we are to be organised a the grand in - of the iaveMed dsKrtiooary citkea? The liberty of the citizen was guarded wT, ZZZTm , TJ, - " 7 try the express prions of the cotuuoo.fc quet notion, with bl'ish a prlncipU and doelrint thai ' Uu J j be productive of everything tniquitou and w - j ioxion. To what extoet migw not in ubww lead f U fcr what as sua or aoo w - - - citizens may be required1 to answer at our bar, vary man a th nation is liable to be arraigned at our will and pleasure, although in conscien - tiooily opposing and reprobating our measures be has exercised no more than bis constitutional rieht. tic If solitary precedents might be found oo the journals of th exercise of such a power by the house, it was Urns now to pui a siop w It was time now to stop, and oquir whether the house is possessed of power to enable it to bring before it at pleasure whomsoever it chuse to arraign for a supposed breach of supposed privileges. That, Mr. B. rud, was the question he wished to have put, and which be wished tbe house seriously to decide. Mr. Comstock, of New - York, eaid he did not rise to detain the house, but t say that Ut thought, unles this or a similar resolution passed (for appointing a committee) the patience of the house would be put to a severer test than it had yet been, by the protraction of a debate arising from the want of a definite proposition before the house, which it would be the business of a committee to present. Many observations, it appeared to Mr. C. bad esca ped gentlemen in yie course ot tne aeoaie uin !iad already taken place, which might Dave been offered with more propriety when this ror.n should be brought before the houe, and exhibit the evidence, if he has any, to extenuate his guilt. It would then be more proper that it was now to comment on his character and all the circumstances of the transaction. At present, Mr. C. said, he wonld forbear any remarks on that head j he thought that enough bad been disclosed to justify what bad been already done. The question was then taken on the resolution for appointing a commiUee,i;c. and agreed to without a division. In a subsequent part of the sitting of this day, the committee thus appointed, reported a resolution, recommended by them to the adoption of the house, that John Anderson be brought to the bar and interrogated, &c. as heretofore stated. Mr. Beecher declared this resolution to propose, in his opinion, a novel procedure. The man was to be brought to the bar to be interrogated : for what i - To criminate himself? If bespeaks the truth, he must criminate him. self. Was this bouse, Mr. B. asked, to be converted into an inquisitorial court? For such proceedings were proposed, adverse to the rights of the accused, as were in other courts sedulously avoided, and as were contrary to the principle of the constitution, that no pei son shall be compelled, in any criminal case, to be witness against himself Mr. B. pi ote&ted against this preceding, which he said ought not to be adopted. The Report was adopted, and John Ander son culled to the bar, and, as heretofore stated, he requested time, and liberty to summon wit nesse ; which were accorded, and one o'clock to - morrow assigned for his appearance at toe bar. JYEH'.YUAK EtEMAQ POST. FRIDAY, JANUARY 16. By the arrival last evening of the ship Hercules from Liverpool, we received from our correspondent (riu the New - Fork Custom House, as usual,) a regular file of Glasgow papers to the 20th November, London to the 26th, and Liver pool lo the 28th, all inclusive. Although they are no later than were brought by the ship Fal con, arrived at Boston last week, yet we shall glean a few articles from them for our next. American wheat in Glasgow market the 19th Nov. 44 to 40s a bolt ofSMO rot. - " wnips iioucii, ieH7"Prompt, Trafalgar and Sally, have all arrived at Glasgow from Montre al. Advertised in the Glasgow Chronicle, of the 18th Nov. the thip Thomas, Wilson, to tail for N York on the S5th of that mouth. For Charles, ton, (S. C ) ship Harmony, Spence. John Anderson Our readers are, this even ing, served up, once more, with a hash from the same dish of John Anderson ; and we suspect they begin to be surfeited with it. Never, in our recollection, was there so trifling a debate on the floor of congress (respect for that body for lids our using th term ridiculous) as that on this occasion, whcllier a legislative or judicial body poesesses the right of punishing a gross and maui fest contempt of itself ? Tbe next thing we ex pect to hear from some one or other of the mem bers It a call for an express power in the constitu tioo, to shew they have the right to forbid hissing or clapping iu the gallery. A melia Island. The following criticism on the report oi the committee, which seeks to justify the president for his conduct in relation to Amelia Island, it so well founded, and so happi ly expressed, that we avail ourselves of it in pre ference to any remarks of our own : From the City of Washington Gazelle, Jan. 13. 'In Rtport.We yesterday made some observations upon the secret acts of congress, recently promulgated, relative to the occupation ef the Florida ; and we inserted at the same time the report of Mr. Afiddleton, concerning the patriot establishment at Amelia Inland. - Tho curious features of that report induce as I re - toucn the subject to - day. Mr. MidJletoo's report commences by averting that those who made the establishment at Amelia Island were freebooters and pirates ; which, if true, afforded very good grounds fcr the executive of tbe U. States to suppress them. But then, immediately afterwards, the report refers to the secret resolution of congress of the 15th of Jan. 1811, as authorizing their suppression under the power given to the president to take possession of East - Florida in the event of an attempt to occupy it by any foreign government or power. Now, it is very obvious that freebooters and pirates are neither a foreign gvtern - tnenl nor a foreign yoirer, in the ordinary and usual" acceptation of tbe words : consequently, the resolution of the fifteenth of January, IS 1 1, does not apply to them The reasoning of Mr. Middleton's Report, therefore, is anomalous and inconsistent. If you iodirt a man for stealing a horse, yoa cannot convict him by proving that ne stole a cat Yea give your executive authority to prevent a foreign gar - rrnrnmr or power from taking possession of the Florida, and the report tayt he bat done so. Aud why .' Because he has suppressed an establishment of fretbonitrt and pirates ! I nat is, a foreign rorernmenf his been hiodered from occupying the country, because Me occupation teas turcr attempted by any foreign snem - ment at atl ! .' We are quite sure that i'mident Monroe has better argiimeuts than these in ius - tiiloatiou of the proceeding at Amelia Island. The Report roes on to say. that " Tbe mat - er part of West Florida being in the ai - rua! pne - sevston of tbe United Stnc, (hit project of the Patriots, forocenpying EattFlnndaJ involved it designs of direct hostility agaiott tin a" that it, against the United States. This, to be sure, is marvelfoas eoooeh. The Patriots intend to take possession of a Spanish pr.nince which lies contiKaotn to the Union, which intention is ronw - derea u iirpljings'ireef AMfti'jr agiimt the lat - ter ; ia ofW words, tr. Yet this toplic aiioo , doe aot ante Irons in negation w " fatrwisioseixe upon royai cpeuwu " - ! bet from th contiguity of that proviace tow e turisdictioa. Coniitvtis, then, is proof or direct hostility ! A new sort of evidence, we pre sume, ur, pel naps, tms wooic p6 ... - port is what one ol our editors, (who has recently learnt to laugh at Spanish Patriots and patriot ism) "a metonymieal process" of reasoning. .fi r ik. mimiI in fill.! inn I ne relcrciKri fiuvii - - makes in support of its concluwons, ere rather nr.;. (nti tn which it alludes. UUIUIUIIWW' v. - , , five bav expired, are abeolete, or have been an nulled ; ana tne remaininpono hwij m yj . i, u riiiil shut this is a sin - HWimit iwi.. " wvm.w - .ww - - ruler kiod of tfroining to gain a point. Conn ucnt as we are mat auininisirauuu muu ... . . ... ...4t pretty solid grouoa. we are worry w m m impaired by so feeble a document. From the National Intelligencer, Jan. 14. The following message was yesterday transmitted, by the President of the United States, to both bouses of congress : To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States. I have th satisfaction to inform congress that the establishment at Amelia - Island has been sup pressed, and without the effusion of blood. The Daoen which exDlain this transaction. I now lay before congress. By the suppression of this establishment, and of that at Galveztoo, which will soon follow, if it has not already ceased to exist, there is gooo cause to believe that the consummation ol a pro ject fraught with much injury to the U. States, lias been preveutea. When we consiuer uie persons engaged in it, being adventurers from different countries, with very few, if any, of the native inhabitants of the Spanish colonies ; the territory on which tbe establishments were made; one, on a portion of that claimed by the Uuitcd states, westward of the Mississippi, the other, on a part of East Florida, a province in negotiation between the United Mates and dpain ; the cuim of their leader, as announced by his proclama tion, in taking possession of Amelia Island, comprising the whole of both the Florida?, without excepting that part of West Florida which is in corporated into the state of Louisiana ; their conduct while in the possession of the Island, mak ing it instrumental to every species of contra band, and in regard to slaves of tbe most odious and dangerous character ; it may fairly be concluded, that if the enterprize had succeeded on tli scale on which it was formed, much annoyance aud injury would have resulted from it to tbe United States. Other circumstances were thought to be no less deserving of attention. The institution of a govemmei.t bv foreien adventurers in the Maud. distinct from the colonial governments of Buenos Ay res, Venezuela, or Mexico, pretending to so vereignty, and exercising its highest offices, particularly in granting commissions to privateers, were acts which could not fail to draw after them the most serious consequences. It was the duty of the Executive, either to extend to this establishment all the advantages or that neutrality, which the United Mates had proclaimed, and have observed, in favor of the colonies of Spam,' who, by the strength of their own popu lation and resources, bad declared their independence, and were affording strong proof of their ability to maintain it, or to make the discrimination which circumstances required. Had the firjt course been pursued, we thould not only have sanctioned all the unlawful claimt and practices of this pretended government, in regard to the United States, but have countenanced a sys tem of privateering in ihe Gulf of Mexico, and elsewhere ; the ill effects of which might, and probably would, have been deeply and very extensively felt. The path of duty was plain from the commencement : but it was painful to enter upon it while the obligation could be resisted. The law ef 181 1, lately published, and which it is, therefore, proper now to mention, was consi dered applicable to th case, from the moment thnt the proclamation of Ihe Chief of the enter - arum jw mm mm, mm its ofiigauon was diuiy increased by other considerations of high importance, already mentioned, which were deemed sufficiently strong in themselves to dictate the court which has been pursued. Early intimations having1 been received of the dangerous purposes of these adventurers, timely precautions were taken, by the esta blishment of a force near the St. Mary's, to prevent tneir ettect, or it is probable that it would have been more sensibly felt. To such establishment, made so near to our settlements, in the expectation of deriving aid from them, it is particularly gratifying to find, that very little encouragement was given. The example so conspicuously displayed by our fellow citizens, that their sympathies can - nor be perverted to improper purposes, but that a love of country, the influence of moral principles, and a respect for the laws, are predominant with them, it is a sure pledge, that all the very flatteringanticipations, which have been formed of the success of our institutions, will be realized. This example has proved. that if our relations with foreign powers are to be changed, it must be done by the constituted authorities, who, alone, acting on a high responsibility, are competent to die purpose, and, until such change is thus made, that our fellow - citizens will respect the existing relations, by a faithful adherance to the laws which secure them. Believing that this enterprize, though undertaken by persons, some of whom may have held commissions from some of the colonies, was unaulhqrised bv, and unknown to the colonial governments, full confidence is entertained that it will be disclaimed by them, and that effectual measures will be taken, to prevent the abuse of their authority, in all cases, to tne injury ot the United States. For these injuiries, especially those proceeding from Amelia Maud, Spain would be responsible, if it w as not manifest, that although committed in the latter instance, through her territory, she was utterly unable to prevent them. Her territory however ought not to be made instrumental, through her inability to defend it, to purposes so injurious to the United States. To a country, o - ver which she fails to maintain her authority, and which she permits to be converted to the annoyance of her neighbors, her jurisdiction for the time necessarily ceases to exist. The territory of . - pain w II nevertheless be ed, so far as it may be done, consistently with uic oscuuai interests and satety of the United States. In expelling the: adventunrs from these posts, it was not intended to make anv conquest from Spain, or to injure in any degree the cause of the colonies. Care will be taken that no part of the territory contemplat - ed by the law of 111. shall be accupied by a foreign government of any kind, or that injuries ofthe nature of those complained of shall oe rcpeaieu ; Dut tins it is expected will be provided for, with every other interest, in a - p.rit ofamit, in the negotiations now depending with the government of Spin. JAS. MONROE. It is impossible to obtain copies cf the Do cuments accompanying the Message, in time to present them to our readers to - day. The papers composing this budget, are. 'Letters from capt. J. I). Henlev and col. lt:mkheH announcing the occupation of Amelia, and the manner of it; letters from the depanment of ar io coi. Danuiead, and from the Navy De - partment to capt Eiton and capt Henley, &c. The Document, if possible, shall be published in our next. CONGRESS. I.V SEXATE - Jaiuary 13. The President presented a memnri1 the Presideut and Directors of the Hauk ofthe United AUb s stating ceita'm inconvenient pener.eed from the provision ia the charter requirintr the President and CasJiier of said . . . .1 . ' . .1 1... m.m mmmtmmX Bank to sign an tne noics wuw uy im branches of said bank, and praying relief which was read, and referred to the committee of Finance. . The hill nrovidintr compensation tor mem bers of Congress, was ,red a thire time and The ornate proceeaea to uic consiucmviuu of Executive business ; after which. The Senate adjourned, alter 4o'eioca HOUSE OF REPU bSEffTA Tl FES. January 13. Amongst the petitions this day presented, was one by Mr. Harrison, from Col. Ncedham, and sundry other British officers, lately arrested and imprisoned at Philadelphia, on a charge of violating the neutrality of the United States between Spain and her colonies, but subsequently discharged from arrest and confinement, praying, for the expence, trouble, and in convenience which uiey nave sunered, sucn relief as Congrss shall deem just and reason able. The petition was referred to a special committee. Mr. Robertson, from the committee on pub lic lands, make an unfavorable report on the petition of sundry emigrants fiom Switzerland, which was read and concurred in. Mr. Johnson, of Ky. fi - om the committee on military affairs, reported a bill providing fur half pay pensions, invalid pensioners, and for other purposes ; which was twice read by its title and committed. The provisions of this bill are substantially tne following : The first section gives to the Secretary of War tne power ot placing upon the pension list all officers and soldiers ofthe revolutionary war, who are entitled to such by the provisions of the act making provision on this subject, in the year 1816. Rules and regulations in force, or hereafter to be made, and put in force, as to the admission of the officers and soldiers of the militia, and the regular soldiers, on the pension roll of tne United Statas, arc made ap plicuble to the invalids ofthe revolution, and ot the Indian wars, placing all entitled to pen sions on an eqiilitv. Section second extends the half pay pensions of five years to the widow and orphans ofthe officers and soldiers of the militia, and others, now entitled by law, for a further term of five additional years, which will make the pension, it adopted, equal to halt pay pensions to wi dows and orphans of ten years. Section third provides half pay pensions, for tne term ot nve yean, lor the widows ofthe sol uiers oi tne regular army, who were killed in battle, or who died in the service, during the late war. Section fourth extends half pay pensions to all such widows as lost their husbands after their return home from the military service of the U States, provided they died within six months af ter such return, and of diseases contracted in the service. By the fifth section, indigent mothers, who have lost an only son in the military service of Ihm ITnllxl SfiW r,...:.) k 1 - 1 - .u wsi, invnucu luvu Mill uieu Willi' out wife or children, are to be provided for. Section sixth provides that every widow. whose husband was killed in battle, or died in the service of his country, during tbe revolution ary war, snail receive a naif oav pension for five jear.j Jtrr. iiopiunson moved the addition of the for lowing resolutien : Kesolved, That the committee on the iudici ary be instructed to prepare and report a bill of ieesnr we omcers of the United btates, rathe courts oiuie u tilted states. Mr Hopkinson observed, in offering this reso lution, tnat it was wen known there was no uni form rule on this subject in the different court! of the United States. It was not, however, to esiaousn uniiormuy only, but something like jut' uce also, that he offered this motion : for. il hit information was correct, there were in some of Uie slates impositions practised which wore a dis grace to tne united Males, fn one which he would mention, in the state of New - York, a degree of outrageous imposition existed which would shock every member who heard him. In that slate, Mr, H. said, if he was truly informed, there had been one thousand prosecutions upon (the reporter understood him license bonds : upon each of these cases, untried, the fees ofthe district attorney were sixty dollars, amounting to the sum of $60,000 in the whole. These were the fees of the district attorney alone ; but, including Uwie of the marshal and clerk, each case was turtliened with about 140 costs. If such practices are legal, said Mr. H. they ought to oe no longer so it they are illegal, they ought io n auppressca. The resolution was agreed lo nein. con. AMELIA ISLAND. A Message, accompauied by sundry doco - ments, was received from the President of the United States, communicating to Congress the laciortlie United Slates' forces having taken possesion or Amebn Island. The Message is gi ven in another part ef this day's paper. CASE OK JOllv AXnlmsnv The House having resumed tbe consideration oi ion sunject. Mr. spencer rose, and f for .l,.vh - ;n be given in debate) withdrew the preamble to the resolutions ue had offered leaving alone for luuMucrduun me resolutions, directing all fur - ther proceedings against the accused to . Hi. reeling the Attorney General to institute proceedings against him, and instructing th judi ciary committee to enuuire into the einvHTiw of providing for the punishment of contempt of On the general question, previously discussed, the debate was renewed, and continued with un abated animation to Uie close cf tbe sitting. .Messrs. lallmanee. Honlrmmn n.l it.ro - ,. .. Am. livered their sentiments at large on the subject. In the course of the debate. Mr. Khen. ;ih some incidental remarks on the resolutions, proposed a substitute to them, by way of amendment, in the following words : Resolved, That this bouse posescth the Competent power lo punish John Anderson for his contempt o. the boue, and his outrage upon one of its members; and, therefore, Retolved, That the Sergeant at Arms be directed to conduct the said John Anderson to the bar of the house. This motion was undecided, when, at a late hour, The houte adjourned. Cihrlestcv, Jan. 8. The boats of the V. S. Jritf E:iterpri7.e, now in this harbor, detained, a fr i,c. left Amelia Island, offSt. Mary'sBur. the Mex - ...... pii.jiw vAJiiuiiouore unampiin, captain Starks. together with a small Snnwh r... nun, her prize, with 106 slaves, most of which had .been removed on board the privateer. Thev were in the mnt urrih.,i having been nearly starved by the Spanish cap. tain, on the passage from Africa. Both vessels have been ordered lo A'avx - .iiah, for jiljn.Iic? - HUM. LWINU POSTXAlllNrTliiT. OLEARm. Ship Ann, Crocker, Liverpool J & R Loines Ganges, Brown, Cork and a market J II Howland - ARRitr.n mis foremo.. Sell Eliza, Weeks, 6 days from Petersburg, with flour, to Robertson i; Kelso. Sloop Liberty. Sril!l 1(1 (lava f - nm d:1. . jw , - - U. nun, JUlll - mond, with flour and t - ibacco, to T. Ir - vin, 1) Bethune. Beers 4: Woodlmll, Dutins 4: Bod wright and Robertson & Kelso. Shin Amohiun. Crwl - t w .. - t s iiuuufUJ 34 days from Greenock, (bound to Philadelphia) with hard ware, dry Sfoods,4;c to Hycr, rirem. ner fc :. I'oulson. brothers ft Co. H Iljgan, - . vy. v. Jisr - u, n. iwston, and Fattison, Brothers &Co. Passengers m Jas. Otway Wilson, SamL Irving, and 3 i! steerage. Left ship ranny, for Ke. uncertain. C.k 1 mAm TnmnVIni Utiltl. A Richmond, "with flour and tobacco, to T , Boorman & Johnston, Walsh & Gallir Beers & Woodhull, H. Williams, D. Tl i bard, Strong Havens, and others. fjj( co. with .loop Henry, for Charleston. Sch. Nancy. Cobb, 7 days from RiPiJ with flaxseed, flour and turpentine, toTJ Bethune & Co. t Sch. Bellisle, Baxter, irom reteraWf lava fmm tin. Rnuds. with flour mnA .t to Vasques, Meuron k Cleeman, Robert? irt ur.1,1. I. r.ll.nli. a TV. - .: . son Si Thompson. Sch Eliza, Weeks, fcl torx, sailed in co. , Sch Pallisade, Boyington, from RichmJ 1 A J - 4 1. f r. - c c!,l. .L 1 V .... Sm..m.n t' CUvmsn . ' with cedar timber and oranges, to C R 1x3 CH.BLISTOX, Jan 8. Cleared, British J Indian, F.lder, J. - imaica ; ships MandJ Packet, liui ke, Havre Corsair, Sutton, J York s brie Margaret & Sarah, WhtUeaJ Havre ; British sclir Friendship, Willey, fcj lull, jam. I NiwroitT, Jan 10. Arrived, brigJ Dunwcll, ol this port, m days trom tjottenfo, Brig Hebe, Phillips, of this port, 42 di from Baliia, (.ot. Salvador J THEATRE. On FRIDAY EVENING, Jan. 16. Will be presented, tie Comedy of U MERCHANT OF VENICE Ft.vlnck. Mr. Finn from the Theatre Royal, Drury - Lane, Locdq being his I si apenrance in AiLencs. After the Play, the 4 East Indian Jug;lers, cently arrived in this country, will ei their r eau oi legerdemain, oirengin and tivity. 0 - The East Indian Jugglers will nttl tlmr Feats on Saturday and Monday neit h The late PhIA CESS CHARLOTTE, frT - IN pursuance of rublic notice, a su rout and highly retiu table number of Brit, tuliiectt met vestcrd&v at the effice of (he b tish Consulate, when an Address of Condole,' Sic. was unanimously passed, with a retoltuci that the same shuuld bo published in all newspapers in this city, ar.d alto in the Natte. al Intelligencer (as the guverunient p?pet). ettatwas the asstrublane. that numbers cast not obtain entrance into the Consul's office, wtw the address reoiaius for signatures. ADDRE5S TO HIS R0VAL HICRBKSI, TU rRISlK RiiGERT. ftr - We tlie undersigned, subjects of hit Bri tannic Majesty, not being present in time si tat meeting, arc luwv oi opinion mat tne aaarau Condolence to his Royal I Ugliness the Price 1 tent, unsjiimouslv agreed to this day, ttii utcn we coraianv join, tnuuiu rwh British Consul's office, for the signature of sac. as may be disposed to sign the same ; and wt n uuest (he British Consul to publish these car teotiments. January io, iiu. Wm. Inoes W. H. Hardv Geo. Jones John Inoes John H. Hardy Richard Holmes Ja. Whitehouse eo. Coggill Tho. Heap Robert Jeffery In conseuuence of the above, the Address sol Resolutions will remain during this weekatai office, SI Broad - street. Janlttlw JAS. dUUHAHAJ. frt - The Treasurer of The New - York f 4 i - : i Li ...l : edges the receipt of $105, collected from ss dry laities, Ly - Miss Isabella W. Ogden. Jan 18 II 03 I he Director or tlicAew - Yera Ibtuar I tioo (or the Instruction or Uie deal aaxi antno, - i will meet at City Hall, on Monday, the 19th stunt, 4 o'clock V. M. , Jan 16 It JOHJf B. SCOTT, Sec'iy. THE LAST KOTICE. To thoie who are owing arrears of taxes, to fat corporation of the city aud county of h"ev - York : GP The time limited for the payment thereof e spired oa Uie 1st iutt. and 1 am now eoraeed in making a return nf such property as remasM deliuqnent, preparatory to the advertisement ti I sale thereof for the payment of said Taxes, tat such other sums as may be required to meet th expenses of such sale, which will take plats when comiikted. I am directed to receive all arrears which sssj be ottered, prior to the completion of the above - named return and will attend at thitofice daily from 10 to it o'clock, until that period. T. W. GILBERT, Collector. Collector's Office, No. t City Hall, ) January id, iBia. y Jan 16 la PROMPT PAYMENT. FIFTY THOUSAND DOLLAR PRIZE. fjr The ticket which drew this great prix in (he late Surgical Lottery, was yesterday piul by G. ec R. Waite, who now bold tbe same. It was forwarded by the fortunate possessor reading in Boston, to the U. S. Bank in this city, with a draft at sight for (he amount on U. ft. Waite. Itisao more than just to iberve, tbe with their accustomed promptness, G. k R. W. offered (through an agent) the amount in CA for the one hundred thousand dollar Drixe. imme diately after it was known who the fortunate bold - ers of the prise were. Adventurers in Boston bare been remarkaDir tuccesiful in drawinsr capital prizes. Not more than one month has elapsed, store G. tt R. W. sold and paid a 20,000 dollar prize to a (en He - man of that town : and within a few year tbef have told and paid prizes in (he tame place and neighbourhood, amounting lo a quarter of a million of dollars. . jan 16 For SAI ANNAH, The fast sailing brig NANCY, H. si, Packard, master ; w ill positively sail on V ednesdav 21st inst. For frenrht or pas sage, having handsome accommodations, apply on board, at Crane - wharf, or to THO. C. BUTLER, Jun. jan 16 74 South - street tor CHARLESTON, rq iiit; new inai iauiii pacKei kwwh jfciTON TINE, S. Hoyt, master, will sail n a davor two : can accommodate a few mors pa tiigeiT, for which, apply on board, east aids Hurling slip, or to SAUL ALLEY, Jan lb VH fine - St. tor j.H ERFOULm The ship DRAPER, Wm. Adaatf, master: she has three - fourths of her cargo ready to go oa boar! and wal meet with ur.mliMe dispatch For freight of 500 to 1009 oris uour or passage, apply to the master m ooaru, east tide or t ly market wharf, or to i B. W. ROGERS tt CO. J in 16 835 Fearl - tt O IL - and SPERM CANDLES. 1600 gU' best Winter Pressed Oil. and 50 boxes Sperm. Candles, for tab? by FISH 4c GK1NNELL, 1st mn 16 3t 96 Pine - street ril OB VXO. 2J hhds. tobocco, will be Uod - JL ed tomorrow from the schooner Eliza, from Petersburg For sale by SiUBtKT (UIXESPIK, jan 16 112 rVont - street RAT TRAPS. THF. r.ew Bux Trr. imi hM ianoroted J. rrcip;e, juitrccuved fiom tbe . . c v I patentee, and for sale by GEO. M. WILSON, 1.10 WatBr - streeL Jan 16 (K1SH .VAKKfcT TOBACCO. 40 hbdt J rv prime old Richmond Tob - xco, wauled for the Irih market, received per schrs. Cuthirin ana L,aoy i ompktin, lor sale oy Jan lti V ILSKAJlil

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