The Evening Post from New York, New York on January 15, 1818 · Page 2
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January 15, 1818

The Evening Post from New York, New York · Page 2

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Thursday, January 15, 1818
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1 ,11 . ft 1 i a at ii,. .A 'i i t i CONGRESS. 2fOC5 OF REPRESENTATIVES, . - . DEBATE OH THE CAtB OF Cot. ASTDKMOK. Thursday. January 8. 1818. The speaker bavin apprised the house, that the sergeant at ana nvl UK eo ine oouy oi jura. Anderson, pursoaut la the warrant to him directed, and bald him io cus'ody Mr. Forsyth, of Geo. submitted for consider lion the lollowitir resolutions : Resolved, that ft committee of privilege, to fjnulit of seven member, be appointed, aad that the tall committee be instructed to report mode of proceeding in the case of John Ander son, who was liken into custody yesterday by order or the bouse ; and thai we same commit tea have leave to tit immediatelr. Mr. Beecher, of Ohio, rose in opposition to this proceeding. 1 be onence ounis man, inv - err team but a letral oue, he was not disposed to 'Amt. Rut !l was another Question, whether the bouse justified in the com se it was about to pursue? Wa any authority thsrelor given in the .constitution ? None. Was any law to be fiunil on th statute book ffivio? it t None. The ' mn.li of nunuhinr bribery, was. to resort to a court ol justice, ami there only could it be punished. In this house, he said, it was impossible to proceed correctly in a trial for an offence ol this character ; and the trouble proceedings ol this kind would impose on - the house, and the evil of delay they would cause in their ordinary legislative bawiees, afforded strong reasons, it others were wantiag, to consult their authority, and fee whether in lact the bouse possessed any autluN - ity (a act on the case. The fifth section of the first article of the constitution, he said, provided, that each house might determine the rules of its oroceedinr : but no part of the con stilution gave to the house authority to arrest and briiis forward any individual for improper eon - duct to any member of this house ' The court . of the couutrv had made, iu their practice, what is called a common law ; but, Mr. fi. said, if there existed any common law to justify thes proceeding! of tho bouse, it was unknown to aim. 1 he great powers aumcu oy ine parliament of Great - Hrilain in this rcspoct, had been a matter of great complaint iu that country ; an J . he presumed it would not be contended, that tbi. oracticeol that UkIv was to form a rulo of con - , duct for this bouse. Neither, - Ur. 0. said, did he thiuk it eventual that this house should po the power ofairtiugaiidbringinn.lividualU trial before it ; the court of Juticu Demg open to prosecution and redress for any injury or tti sort. The house, as any other legislative body, possessed inherently the power lo protect it II from indecorum aud insult ; but it had no power to confine and commit individuals for arts done ehewhere. He did not believe the house pos emed authority to arrest an individual in this case, aoy more tha.i fur an assault and battery oi , a member, at any distance from the seat of government' a power which, he contended, the house did not possess. In another part of the constitution, he said, particular privileges were accorded to members : and the enumeration ol particular powers, in any uutrumeot of that character, was an exclusion of all others. For other injuries received, than those in violation ol that ' clause of the constitution, Mr. B. said, member. have the same redress as any other individual: ' Mr. B. said, he did net believe the houte ought to have the power it was about to exercise : the . constitution had not given the house auy such power, nor had it been conferred upon them hy any law. . Mr. Forsyth said, if the position of the gentle man was correct, the bouse had already violated the coostitatiou. 1 he ohject or Ine proposcil appointment of a committee was to immire how the house ouzht now to proceed. If the commit tee should concur with the eotl"mn from Ohio, they would report that the individual, now in custody, ought to be discharged ; if otherwise, they would report what further course the houe ought to pursue. Hut, Mr. F. said, ad - tuittiiiZ that all the s - eutleuian had mid was true. it was no reason why this committee should not re cause be believed it had full power to proceed and he knew that this bouse and the other branch oftlie Icgidature had, in other cases, exercised similar povrer. Until he was convinced, by so If am investigation, that the house did not possess the powor, he would net, for one, consent to refrain from its exercise in the present case. Mr. Livermore, of New Hampshire, hoped, he saiii, that but one revolution would pa.s the house on this occasion, and that this one should be, that John Andersou be discharged. First, he tad, on account of the irregularity of the proceeding in the first instance. Our ideas, said he, of congressional privileges nppear to rest on our knowledge of British parliamentary privileges s which, ha cooceivod, were widely distinct in their natures. In Great Britain, the legislature possesses all power, and almoit every act ol the parliament becomes a part of the constitution of the land. That is an unlimited legislature. The congress of the Uuited States, he aid, was differently constituted. Iu a case of this kind occurring in Great Britain, au oath would not be required ; but, said Mr. L. we are, in this respect, restricted in our power by the express declar tkm iu the coustitution, that do warrant shall issue except sustained by oath This provision, he said, being contained in the 4th article of the amendments to the con - titu - tioo, had more weight with him than if contained in tha original instrument ; having been the result of the after - thought and mature deliberation of the nation. Far be it from him, Mr. L. aid, to suggest that full faith should not be given to any thing advanced by the honorable member from North Carolina : as a man be believed him implicitly, buVus a member not at all no more than as a jude be would believe a man in court Without an oath. The word ol the chief justice of the United States himself would not be taken in court, except on oath. Mr. L. said he greatly refracted the geutlenian he bad referred to, bat he did not consider the house at liberty to tako a step which would compromit the meanest tnhn in the United - States, except on the oath of ru accuser. Besides, said Mr. L. we have no authority over John Anderson, admitting the charge against him to be substantiated : there is no statute of tho United States, though there are in most of the individual states, declaring bribc - Saa offence. Far be it from me to ceutend, at this body cannot protect itself: that we can do by our owu rules and regulations but we cannot extend them l.ejond the verge of titis house. The sergeant at arms might command the whole military force of the United Mates. coull it possibly become necessary, to put out of wun until uisiui wing iu peace, .ur. l. aid, he knew very well there was a precedent oa word of a course similar to that now pro - posed: and he also knew, that the most em.nent men of the United .States deprecated that deci - lion when it took ilace. When the subject was before the congress, in 1800. he believed, tho - e who favored the proceeding sustained themselves on the authority of the practice of the British parliament j they were a high - handed party majority, full of British notions, and fond of Brituh precedent. Those who were opposed to that course were the whole body of the republics member - , with the great Jefferson at their bead Mr. L. hoped, be repeated, that but one resoiii - Uoa would pas 00 this occasion ; and that it should be, that the warrant for the appreM;asio!i of Jota Anderson had b - ea irregularly and iin properly iesued, and thit he be ihereUre f rlh - w.th discharged. Mr. Tucker, of Va. said be should not do his duty, if he did not, on the preeii question, give the gentle nan from Giorgia his h - arty sepport ; not that, he wxf rertiiu he should rive him the tame support in all his views of this subject. The propor coarse, ia the opuioa of Air. T. mA K - tdnrov'jle by t reneral bw'fcr puuiihmeut of coutempts against euner neuiv w congress ; but, be asked, was It not the duty of the doom, on Uus, anu on every outer "" to deliberate in that manner which afforded the best lights 00 any subject, and which it became the dignity of the house to pursue ? No matter how hV - il the suhiectmijht be that was proposed to the consideration of the bouse, he should not chuse to act on it, without calling on some coin miite of the house to take it into their particu lar consideration, end to produce a clear and connected view of it. And was this an occasion mi tvhirh. by a haitv Drocedure. to depart from that course .' Would the house at once declare tit - it iu members might be approached by the vilest miscreauta on the race of the giooe, auo hat it could take no steps to protect their ngnis: Is any member prepared to say, that there ex in this house no pewer to repel the ap nmarJiei of bribery and corrupt ion i ' The coo stilution creating this body is a dead letter, if mere waste paper (said Mr. T.) if we, have no power to protect ourselves from violence of thit description in the exercise of our duties. That part of the constitution giving to congress all iiowcr necessary to carry into effect the dele gated powers, has no value, if it do not apply to the present case, r or his part, Mr. 1. saiu he had no kind of doubt as to the power of this house to protect itselL and none of the expedien cy of tho course now proposed. But, at the same time, be doubled the propriety ol sutler ing the laws to remain in their present situation, so as to compel the house to act in tins way. Until a general law should pass, Mr. J . said, he had uo doubt the house had the power within il - se'.f to punish any person who should attempt to bribe one of its members. The proper course, he conceived would be, warned by this incident, to appoint a committee to report a bill to punish such offences, &r. lie should not com out himself at present as to the final course for the house ; but it appeared lo him, that every member, from the necessity the house was under of protecting itelf, would wisli to see that course pursued which would best promote a due consideration of the subject which was the usual, process of referring the subject to a committee. Mr. I lopkioson, of Penn ruse in support of the proposition before the bouse. This question, he said, was not a new one : it had been heretofore "dinirny debated and adjudged ; and all the ob ject unvy expressed had been brought forward in 'heir greatest force, without effect ; and the precedent then established wa entitled lo rcsiecl. In that case to which he referred, it was well known a full opportunity was given for the fre - rst discilDsiou ; the parties arr.tigued at the bar hnving been heard by their counsel on this question. But, Mr. H. said, the weight of that pre cedent was attempted to be destroyed in a most xtraorduiary manner by the bouorable gentleman from New - Hampshire, who had intimated dial the house at that day did not decide the question 00 a knowledge of the provisions of the constitution, but on party principles. Mr. H. begged the gentleman from New - Hampshire to tell the house how be knew the motives of the members of that congress ; how he acquired the power to enter their hearts, and see that they lid lint decide this question on our own laws, but o.i those of a foreign country ! Why did he seek 'o condemn them and their dechion, by a sort of allusion, which, air. IJ. said, as an argumeut, 'ould not be listened to on this floor ? That re - - pectable and enb'ghtened congress, Mr. II said, had decided the question before them, on the orinciples of our own constitution and law : if their decision was corroborated by the practice of the legislature of aoy other country, there as nothing iu that circumstance to weaken the force of the precedent. But, the republican rneni - ers opposed that decisiou ! Are questions of this sort, Mr. 11. asked, to be decided by the particular politic - id denominations of those who voted pro or con . Is that to be the rule by which decisions ou such questions are to be received or regarded as precedents.' Il so, as gentiemeu took the liberty sometimes ol eichanjinj idei in politics, that which was law to - day, miht uotbe to - morrow; and the question would be forever "n,ef nil, hr nif - nt 1 11 111 1 1 1 11 1 ' il nty, which, though not decisive, was yet entitled 10 ine nignesi respect, and ought to be resected. The observations of the gentleman from X. Hampshire having been disposed of, which ouht never to have been made, lr. H. proceeded" to notice tome other views which had been thrown out. It had been objected to the legabty of the procedure, that the statement on which the warrant was founded, was uot on oath. Was net the representation of a member of this house, he aiked, a suflicieut ground of proceeding ? The character of this houie must be sunk to a low ebb, if the representations of its members were not to be received as true. In the cai - e ol Han - d til and Whitney, the proceedings of the hoiue had been similar to those of this day ; informs tion of the faets was given by members in their 1 laces, and the house proceeded, as ju the present ca.e, with jut calling on the members to take the book and testify that what they had stated was true. In such cases, said Mr. II. we have ever been guided by precedent ; and we have don right. But, it was said by the gentleman from Ohio, that there was uothiug to be found in the constitution lo justify this proceeding. When, Mr. II. said, the constitution gave being to tin - body, it gave to it every attribute necessary to its security and to its purity. The court of ju.tii e which had been meatione'd, do exercise similar power : any attempt ( obstruct the due course if justice, or to corrupt its source, is - an offence punishable in a summary manner. It was e - qually necessnry such a power should reside iu ttiis house; because, if persons hanging about this hall, with their priyato claims, and besetting the paths of the mem hen, offering them bribe for their voles and inlluence, were to be referred to the courts of justice for their punishment, there was no protection for the independence, none for the feelings, none for the character or this house. If we are careful that the laws be purely administered, ought we not to be equally so that they are purely made .' Is the juror who administers the law to have protection, anu tn legislator who makes the law to haw none i That the courts have the power to pun i - h contempts, is a matter, Mr. II. said, which could not be doubted here ; and that the legislature possetses the same power, was lo him as clear, aud for the same reason'. Adverting lo to - provisioa of the cou - titutioo, which priviledged members of congres from arreM during their attendance at the session of their respective houses, and on going to and returning from the same. If the gentleman will ti u diwn to the letter ol the constitution, said Mr. II. how wou'd h - pu - nUh a man who should arrest a member contra ry to this provision ? Would he sue bira at law ? And where do you find in the constitution auy thing by which you shall know new to proceed to punish him ? Would not the gentleman do it in the way in winch we are go'njg on And why ? Because, said he, we possess the power to pro tct ourselves in the exercise of our duties. Hew would the gentleman proceed in the case of the arrest of himself and half a d. eo of members. whose votes would turo the scale on a peoding question of the highest moment Discharge the members, and tb' - y mizht be arrested ajrain, il there w is no suana iry process agaiast the offen der. If there was no rndress in such a case. but to turn the perso offending over to suitor to inuiciineni in thi rouxts, the constitutional pro vision was a Dirt iIIum hi. But gentlemen themselves did not agree. One, ran I he, refers the houe for redress of th - ir complaint in the present case to the rurt of justice : the other says that bribery is ni off - nee, there beiig no law to ;muih it : o course the 'ourt are not' open to the compUinanL fo 'hit. betweea them, congress u in a siren? predicament. We are. withou reme ly, at the mercy of every infamous man. wh i. d jimsed. eith - Cvr ih. .,..r,w - r mw:c or perxnaj emolument, to pUy off Uiiaru raunst the reprentatiTi of tha peopl. Mr.' if. concluded by saying that he hoped the bouse would decide that it had the power, not ojsly to - , :t. - '..t nr hot to nreterve it charac ter so pura and unsullied, a to be exempted e - Trunwu.K . . , :..r. am I 1 1 1 aid sriirHM . Mr. Forsyth rose 10 correct an Jr Vi - i mistake which the gentleman from New - Hamp - """" . : . . r jT .n..l r...nl hnrl raiiMi into so rtearci 10 Uie towhicn ne nao mwiru. iu.j .n.v - - 1 a of the year 1795. belore lot division of parties, winch has since existed, had ... 1 . u.a nnr iwr.mn.1 ubiii uu - . una - 1 - f tion, but a fcreat constitutional point, winch was then decided. Oo refe rring to tlie journal for the final yote, it appeared mai teveuiy ticuj ben had yoted in the affirmative, and but seven i mimt it. For another fact be was indeht ed to the information ol a gentleman who was in a situation to have known it, that, oi rouse 10, thirty nine were on the republican side ol the question, and known ai republicans in the great nft rtue an a 1 iifri iitfl riiuiiir lhsu iici ui" Among thfe were some of the nan - most dear to the republican party, and by this be meant no reflection on mose wuo unieicu uum ..u. v... iKt million, tie need only refer to the names ot Gallatin, Giles, Baldwin, Kindlry, and many others of the same grade au - l were noi inese Thev were, and each would bear a comparison with any man who bad ever since called himself a republican ; they were the master spirits who headed the republican party wbeo it becum one, and guided it in all its movements. But, Mr. F. said, he should t glad to find out how the gentleman discovered me treat name of Jefferson, to support him in nis aocuine: That rreat man was not then a member of con kim ; nor. air. 1 . saiu. uiu no inun m n m n I I L - I tfk..t k. j,. - - . . - - - - . Imd expressed eny opiniou ou uio ijuciiii. He did not find iu the manuel composed by him any expression of an opinion that the constitution hv that decision. There was a state me ut of the arguments on both sides of that question ; but so far from expressing the o - pillion Iliai ine cnntinuiiun iinu ut . iu.ou, considered the Question as unsettled, It was settled, then, Mr. F. said, on the ground that thiahndy. and all others, corporate as well as individual, had the right to protect themselves from insult and violence, now, Tir. r . ainea, umnl.l eentlemen uroc eed to punish an individual in the gallery of this bouse, who should consider it m iui.1 l1u!tr - and exercise the privilege vhii - ti ini. lpnt n n itii use in the rallerv of 1 theatir, of disturbing the audience and annoying the perlonners? Suiqiose some penon who was unfriendly to a member speaking, or who did not like tli monotonous lone of In voire, should a - muse himself by throwing nuts or apples at his head ; by hissing on the one hand, or applauding on the other by what authority would the bouse rxercise Ihe power 01 driving mm away, or m - It nir him into custody ! Could any one doubt the authority But was it to be fonud, in to many w rd in the constitution ? Gentlemen niight say, this would be within our own walls, and therefore a different case from that now under consideration. Mr. F. recanted them as stand ins - on the same foot ine : within and without. here or in any part of the city, if a member was insulted in the discharge of bis duty, this house had. in hi oninion. the rieht and the power to punih the offender. He hoped, at all events, the in'U would make the enquiry, and not stay its proceedings in this case, until something stronger hud been alltdged against them than any thing he had neard. ' Mr. Pitkin, of Cont. said he did not rise to de bate the power of this house ; for, he said, unless Ihe house had some power to protec t itself and its uiemliers in their persons and integrity, from violence or insult, they might as well adjourn and go home. But he rose to rcier to one or two cases which had occurred subsequently to that which had been particularly reierred to, to see how far the house bad proceeded. A case had occurred in 1810, of an assault and battery on a member of this house, nil within the walls of this houte, nor during its sitting, and originating in circumstances having no relation to his duty a - a member of this house ; but, whilst here attending his public duly, that gentleman had been considered as under the protection ol the authority f the house, and the house had accordingly taken cognizance of the assault ; and justly for if the house had not power to protect it members whilst going and coming therefrom, it was in vain for them to attend nerc. in anoiuer cafe, a com mittre had been appointed to enquire into the romu ?alion 01 certain secret proceeumKsoi me iff!,'.. I......P.a..mnui t.J answer the questions projKiunded to him. If he had refused to answer the questions put to him, undoubtedly he would have been committed to prison for that contempt, Having no doubt of the power of the house in this respect, be hoped the hu would art as proposed. - Mr. I.fvermare again rose He said he sho'ild suppose that no one had understood hm to say that the Republicans were right or wrong, or that the Federal's'. were right or a'ron, or to draw any distinction between the parties into which the country had been divided. He respected good men of all parties, and none other but good men of any party He had said, thit an oath was necessary to support a warrant, and produced the cons:itu ti'inul provision, " that no warrant shall issue, but upon prob ible causes, supported - by oath or affirmation." How am I answered said Mr. L. Why, that every member of this Why, that every House is entitled to such high credit, that his word is as good as any other mail's oath. The Cliii - f Justice of the United - Slate is sworn to support the Constitution and to administer jus - lice but. lie is not therefore swum to every thing, and his mere word would not be taken in tlie matter in controversy in any court. But. it seemed, that the rights of individuals were to be uprooted, and an express provision of he Committee disregarded, or die word of I - member, because he was sworn to support tlie Constitution Mr. L sxid he had as high an opinion of the credit to which members of ti is House were entitled, as any man could have, but he could not in such a case as this bc - lieve them exci - pt on oath, considering himself bound to p otect the lights of every individual in ill. United .Vta'es, fcc The gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr L. continued, had found fault with some of his express ons. A man cannot take his words out of his mouth, look at them, put them in again, and speak as he could wish ; and Mr. U Mid, he mirhlhave gone further than he intended. Whether Uiose who established the precedent of 1795, were Republicans, or be they who they might, they had acted on precedents drawn from the British Parliament a body whose powers in this respect werv nt analogous to those of the Collets ss of the Uni'ed States. The Parliament of (i. eat Britain is a perpetual Convention, of which every law and practice becomes a part of the Constitution Hut we, said Mr. L. are a limited legislai. - rc, and the Constitution controls us: A d when such .1 quest ion as this is presented, how si. all we get over it ? Mr. L. declaimed aiy intention to accuse those who esuh'.islicl the precedent in the caseof Whitney and Kindall, of hav og acted wrongly against co .v Clio ,. C;.k1 forbid he should have said so ; but, if he had been a li tie warm on the subject when up before, perhaps tlie geutlcm n from Pamsj Ivjiiia (whom no man respe - t'd more than he) '.ail wanned himself as well as the gentleman from N'e - v - IKmpiliire. Let that gentleman howev er, reconcile the proceeding of Congress 10 that provision wmcn ue had referred to. It was no wsy to put a man down, to say, that one mail's word is as good as another man's oath : it was saying what t'le constitution hail not left the House at liberty to say But. it was asked. oxild Congrsss do nothing to protect them selves f M ist they be trampled on and spit upon without remedy f Mr. L. said he had admitted before, and he now repeated, that the sergeant at Arms, with.n tlie House, might command the whole force of tlie coun try, be A - myand Miliiia, and supposing such a case possible, migit bring a seventy - four up the Eistern UrancJi, to fi. e upon tieCanrtol ; hut the House tad not thex.ensive poer fir ' 'ic" ge nlcnen now contetided. Suppo - he 1 1 " " vvu,,"6 here, the Governor or Chief ju.uce n Hampshire bad onereo Dim a ki i " - . 1. J & .u aH KvsncT llim thus House sena oui u airi, here i Would this be constitutional 5 ue hoped not. If the procedure wouia w ' .. . 1 ..'.li,. WMllfl It arrantabte as to such men, i'"1"" . .1. - . . . . a IXf mi man to tlie rneanesi man in me n'v - - there was a slave and Mr. U would not stretch tK.nower of the government to opprcsa uic I . . i..Atli. ..inmKtmn meanest ortue greaieau he - - of the gentleman from Virginia, to pass a uw on this subject, Mr L. highly approved it. - 1 ... .v .Ahr irrnrdinc to UlC SVstem Of .Mr. Jefferson, hang up rules for the inspection of all ahich may direct the conduct 01 me i - ' .nrt ;rliev are broken, punish the onen. der! But, with such views, would the gntle - man punish poor Anderson, because he sinned . ..u Kr..r Slie law was made f Mr. U did not like such doctrine. He concluded by saying that, though what he had said might be thrown away, he had thought it his duty to offer it. He might have been warm, he said, but it was time to be warm when a man could no longer keep liimselt cool. To be eonttnxud JfEIV - YORK EVEJtlJfQ POST. THURSDAY, JANUARY 15. Lotteries. I have this moment received a long communication signed UA Friend and Custu - mer," on the subject of lotteries, written, I see, for the purpose of being published, but although there is something irresistibly taking in the signa ture of my correspondent, the insertion of his es say would take up rather more room than we bave to spare. But since the subject of lotte ries is thrown before me, aud no other stands in the way, 1 may as well make it the basis of a paragraph. In the first place, I will attend to the bitter complaint which is advanced by my correspondent. He complains, and certaiuly not without reason, of tlie practice of lottery - office keepers in demanding an advance upon tickets, previous to drawing. This is an act of oppression ; but I know not how to remedy it. The holders take ihe risk of being left with unsold tickets on their hands, and if they chuse to add to the risk by de - man Jing an inbanced price, I know of no reme dy, short of positive statute, acucxiug a penally as to a misdemeanor. But then what becomes of the lottery itself? The case is not without its difficulties. On the subject of lotteries in general, a few remarks shall be added. Lotteries, says one of the most popular writers of any age or couutry, is at all times Ihe rt - ry worst wa j of raising money upon the people ; aud we have the authority of many moralists to the same purpose. But, though, probably con vinced of the strict truth of the observation, the utmost any government has attempted has been r to regulate and restrict the evil, as to render it as little pernic ious as may be ; none, that I know of, has aimed at banishing it altogether. The question for the practical legislator is, how this can best be done.' The mischief that more immediately arises from lotteries is the temptation they hold out to the poor classes of the people to divert their lit tle earnings from the support of themselves and families, to the bottomless pit of adventure, and to render them disgusted with the sober pursuits ni nnni dreamsoi romantic riches, Ihe methods most obvious for meeting th eviland providing against it, are, 1st. To make your tickets so very high as to put them beyond the reach of the ordinary class of people. By this, if you do not destroy the spirit of gambling, you, at least, confine it to that class who can bear it with least inconvenience. 2d. Let your lot - t eries,like the English, be compelled to be drawn in a week or ten days at farthest ; which may I e easily accomplished, by putting int o the wheel drawing out tlie prizes, only. This is the only effectual way, and this must be effectual, to put a stop to the most pernicious of all nuisance am ug us the iiuarattee of Ucketi : which has hitherto prevailed, and will contiuue to prevail in the teeth of all penalties, till it is rendered impracticable. Look at the crowd of poor ragged wretches that beset the olhxe - keeper's doors the morninz after the day's drawin? is over. wailing with their little slips in their bauds, to hear their fate, and the yesterday's earnings ready to be given to the harpies that stand ga ping for the pit.ance. The extent of this vile and cruel species of iniquity renders it an object worth the public attention Xor is it coufiued lo Jie lowest class alone. Let it then be cut up at the roots. Mr. Cooper's benefit, we are g'ad lo say, was lfet night both numerously and fashionably attended, and not often his an audience been bet ter rewarded by the exhibition of the first order of histrionic talents. It has ever been the characteristic of our country lo acknowledge with pride and pleasure the succes - ful efforts of uative genius, and few instances have occurred where genuine merit has beeu neglected, when possessing the stroi.g claim of a countryman. Mr. Finn, the gentleman who makes bis first appeaiauce in our theatre ou Friday in tho part of chylork is a no7irr . our city, and consequently entitled to the attention of the public. He has lieen some yean ia Falkland, stuuyiug the best dramatic models ; and from lite celebrity he his acquired in Lou - dwu and Kdinhurgh, the ordeals of theatrical la lent, we bave no doubt that he may anticipate a cordial welcome home. AMICU3. From the Kaiional InleUigenter, Jan. 30. The debate yet continues in the house of re - presentatives, on the constitutional question involved in the case of col. Anderson. The de hit has lo - t tion of its ability, and little of its interest. Our resders, before its publication is c - jocluded, will probably acknowledge the truth of the sJ - geuioa we made the other day. thai th question was oae ou whi.h much, miht be aid on both ides. Ji - nss Stewart is re - elected a representative to cougre - s from Xorlh Camlio.1, to tuply Uk vacancy occasioned by the death of .Mr. AlcMd - l.in, w mvnher elect. Fife .' VVe ire orry fn have so soon again tr recjrJ the rwTurrenre of an .'her fire in our City. Al - out three o'clock jeaterdav, the house of drs. .Stua.t, 0aGreenl.MfsP0.11t, was discovered to be on fire, an 1, being situated in a prt of the city remote from the body .if it. . pulalioo, was siieedity co:iu.ued, U.g ther with the house belonging to, miJ 00 j.ntl by, Mr. Benjamin - p tgi.aud two vacant a id uafm.s ie j bou, cae of thcaabeUnguij u ,Vr. Ehraxd S. Lewis, tha other to Mr. D. fagan. Tha two adjoining finished Douses, Dciongiux j . Jobs and Mr. Thomas Dougherty, were fortu nately raved by the exertions 01 ine ciuiens wu. hnd bv that time gamereu mere, smi being much dismantled fcc. Tbe engines of the 2d and 3d wards were there, and well served ; ht it waa mnomible not to see nowuencieoi wc yet are in the art and means of extinguishing fires. The houses destroyed were large three story buildines: the furniture in ine occupieu house was nearly all saved. CUtfORESS. IN SENATE January 12. Considerable private business having beep act A noon The following resolution, offered skme days since, by Mr. Bun ill, was taken up for consideration : Resolved, that tho committee to whom was referred the petition of the committee of the year ly meetin? of the Society of Friends at Baltimore, be instructed to enquire into me expeuieucy 01 ' . . e so amending the laws of the United itatcs on int subject of the African slave trade, as more ef fectually to prevent said trade irom Deing carried on by citizens of the United Stales under foreign flags ; and also into the expediency of the Uuited States taking measures, in concert with other nations, for the entire aboiitiou of said trade. Mr. Burrill advocated, at some length, tho adoption of this resolution. His arguments ap plied principally to the latter clause ; the former having been generally assented 10 on a lormer occasion. Mr. Barbour followed in support oftlie nrst, and iu oDtiosition to the second, part of the reso lution. Mr. Troup alto spoke against the latter thuse. Mr. WUsou, calling for a division of the question, Mr. Barliour observed, that a motion he was about to make would supersede the call made by the gentleman from New - Jersey; aud accordingly moved to strike out tlie latter clause oi the resolution. This motion was opposed oy .Vr. Morrill and Mr. King, and advocated by Mr. Lacock. The nutation was taken on motion of.Mr, Troup, by yeas and nays ayes 16, uoes 17 ; and the resolution then agreed to. The bill from tbe house, making compensation to the meml'ers of congress, was taken up in committee of the whole, and an amendment m ido in the phraseology, which was agreed to by the senate ; when, Mr. Wilson, ater observing, that be shculd enter into no diS' u - sioa of a question on which every member had unquestionably made up hi mind, but, in order to take the sense ol the senate, moved to strike out eight and insert six dollars, as the daily pay, aud also as the allowance for every twenty miles travelled. This motion was uegatived, without debate, by alarce majority. Mr. Uickersoa then moved to strike out eight and insert six, as the allowance for every tweuty miles travelled, and madi: a few observations in jupportof hi motion. Mr. Daggett brieQy re plied. The question was taken, the motion lost, the verbal amendment made was ordered to be engrossed, aud the bill to be read a third lime ; aud 1 be senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Tuesday, Jan. 12. CASE OF COL. ANDERSON. Tbe house then proceeded to the consideration of the resolutions offered by Mr. Spencer, touching the case of col. John Anderson. The debate ou ibis suojeel was resumed oy Vr. Quarles, and continned during tbe remain der of the sitting by Messrs. M'l.ane, Alexander mjth, Lowndes, Livermore, Miller, Kheaand Harbour. ' When the house adioumed, a motion was .ending, made by Mr. Rhea, (for the purpose, ne said, of putting an end to a debate on a nega - ive proposition,) to strike out of the preamnle to the resolution the words " entertaining great ..nubts of its," oas to rrikethe preamble read, 'I " this house possessing; the competent power to Ttiumsn Jonu S.n.lerson,'' Ac. . . The house adjourned a Utile after 4 o'clock. Norfolk, Jan. 10. An inquest was held yestero.,y morning, a - bout 11 o'clock, on the body of a man named Joseph Butts, late a seaman on board the harqu. Gerge Williams, captain Warner, ot Providence, R I. who, we learn, had fallen o - verboa' d in a state of intoxication on Wednesday evening. Verdict, accidental death. MARRIED, Thi; morning at St. Marks church, by the Rev. Mr. Creiishtou. Joseph C. Cooiier. hsa. Attor - n.'yat La, to Miss Doratr.y Staples, daughter of John Staples, Esq. deceased. DIED, Yesterday moraine the 14th iDst. after lone mid painful iliness, deorge Parker, in Ihe ISth year 01 ins age. His irieiids and acquaintance, and those of bis brother. John Parker, are re quested to attend bis luoeral this afternoon at 3 'clock, irom .o. l - Spruce - street. At Norfolk on tjie 7th inst. Mrs Savage, the amiable consort of 1. Savage, Esq. His Brit - tans Majesty uonstil, at that place. At Bufl'do, 5am 11 el Tapper, Esq. aged 52, for several year first judge of the court of common pleas in tagnra county. At J - .hnstown, i. Y. oa the Stith or Decern her, 'Mr. George W. He - iry, ag";d S3 years, and on the first instant his brother Mr. Henry B. Hpnry, aged 32 years in perfect resignation to the will ol Divine Providea.re, and a joyful hope 01 a blessed immortality through the merits ol a cruciued Redeemer they have left a bereaved nither, their Widows and children, with a nu ine rous circle of relations aud acquaintance to lament their I'iss. MEXIXQ POST MARLYE LIST. CLEARED. Sh p West Point, Tyon, . Belfast J fc W Sterling & o. Schr Good Intent, Raid, Halifax Rowland Si Rrame Industry, Hills, Mogadore L & Win. W De Forest Sloop Betsey, Somers, Fredericksburg .IKhlkh.n THIS FOHE VO'J jY. Brig l - evant, Wood, 9 davs from Savannah, with cotton, rice, pea - nuts, hides, leather, oil, copper and yellow ochre, to T Barron, Gi is - wolds 4: ( oates, J Karnes, (M Smith, LGoble, J Ticlicnor. of Newark) J Crowley, A' Alley, 11 I homas, Kctthum 4c Weed, SSt John, and N il D Talcott. Left at Savannah for this port. iliip Cotton Plant, Fah; brigs Amelia, Mott. lybce, cobD, and Roderick. Harden : schrs Milo, Beetle, and Gen A Jackson. Pearce. of Providence, to sail for do :n 2 days ; ship Olho. Cuolt, of N York for Bombay in 10 days ; schr At isnnr, rendition, ot bayurook, foruibraltar n 7 days. Met in the river, bne Mathews, of Cumberland, fc.. 49 days from Liverpool ship Montgomery, ot Tortsmonth. N. II. lb days from do j brig Alonzo. ol Philadc.phia. 1 1 days from Havana, chr Salone, of Cohasset, 13 day from Boston. Within the Lieut, a Buenos Ay - rean brig called the Toopackumarrow, Shan non, ol 16 guns, ready for a cruise. At Tybce Light at anchor, ship Rockingham, of N York, 12 liimi from do. Sailed with siiip Concordia, ..f P01 tatiioulii. N. II tbr Liverpool. Tliurs - lay, 7.ii, at 8 P. M. lat 3J - 15, in 12 fathome water, sp..ke sch Iluiiuess. of and fioin Nan - lucket, bound to Charleston. Schr. Ui'inn. Uud. H davs from Baltimore. with thxswd, He. to vV. W. ic J. H. Todd, and Loukiuau, owners, and Dav. Downes and Kasttmrn. Schr Ssaily Aan, Wotlutn. 5 davs from Rirh. aim I, with fl.ur and ts - .liacro t.. Rn.rm. - . a - Johns mi D. bf.liur.e ii Co. A Freel&nd nm and Daxint oi.d Booiwri'iit. UnoVr U.arli - s saw several ves - I - b .uud ia. Isccr. Catti. ri.ie, HaJeyadavilrom. Richmond, with floor and tobacco, to Walsh ti Gallagher, Boorman Johnston, Trokes, Davidson ic Co. Jacobs & W illiams, Strong 4c Havens, and Dakingy, S, tsootngni. Schr. Hero, lioiroes, mcDmoDo ana m hoar from tbe Roads, with flour and tobacco, to J. M. Lowry, & Co. owners, D. Bethune ft Co. Wil. son & Thompson, T. Irving, A. Freelaod, jon. W. tl S. Craig, K. Gillespie, Adam & Black - well, R. & S. Jielson, Thompson & Adams, and JJuraud & - uouraeii. Sch C.iris, Davis, 23 cay Irom Wilmington, N. C. with wheat and Hour, to itch Jc Uood - win, J & A Otis, Shipman tl Lord, and E ti U Everitt&Co. ' Sibr Gilbert, Forsyth, 4 day Irrm rhfladel - phia, with flour, Ac to W F Van Amrioge, G , Davies, and Hoffman ti Glass. . Schr Leonidas, T urner, 4 day trom Haiti - more, with flour, flaxseed, raisins, fcc. to W W tl J H Todd, S Lockman, J White li Co. Palmer & Hamilton, and Smith ti Nicoll. Schr Pallaside, Boyington, from Richmond, k 2 days from the Capes, with tobacco, to Vasques, Meuron Clemenn. schr Defence, Pendleton, 31 houisfrom Nor. folk, with flour and oysters, for Providence. Schr, Lydia U Mary - , Bradley, with a cargo of salt, sailed from this port a few day since for Philadelphia, and finding a great quantity of ice in the Delaware, thought it prudent to return to thisport, Schr Ocean, bound to the southward, has put back on account of head winds. Ashore oo Romar, a schr from Alexandria. BELOW. Ship Hercules, May, 47 day from Liverpool, and 3 schooners. The srhr. Ambuscade, Skidrnore, from Dan - en, for New - York, wa boarded off east end of Long Island on Monday, all well. Bus 1 on, Jan. 12. Arrived, (via Vineyard and Gloucester) sch. Perseverance, Babson, Havana, cargo India goods, (returned cargo ) Sailed Dec 12. Seh. Friendship, Trask, from Boston for Havana, went ashore on tbe beach, 5 lea. E. of the Moro, about Dec. 2. Her car. go had been laiidt - d, and tlie vessel was ex - pected to be got ofi", not having bilged. A brig, said to be from Mobile for Boston, ar. at Havana about 5th, having lost nearly all her crew by sickness, but she was immediately ordered off. Holmes' Hols, Jan 7. Arrived, sch. Philo, Lee, Havana 15, for Boston i Myrtle, Howe, Baltimore, 4, lor do. 18th brig Ruby, Nichols, St. Pierre, 19, fur Boston. 9th, sch. Hero, 15 hour from Boston, for A'Voik. Simassar, Jan. 5. Arrived, British ship Matthews, Steele, Liverpool, 51) day. British brig Rmk, Alossop, Montego Bay, Jam. wiih specie. Brig Almira, Atwood, Boston 18 day. llrig Patriot. Smith, Providence, RL7dayt. A'liKip Phanix, Murphy, from Frederick burg, bound to N York, put into this harbor on Saturday last, in a leaky condition, having experienced severe weather on the 20th ult. She has a full cargo of flour and wheat on board belonging to Silas Wood, and others in Fredericksburg. Cleared, ship Mexico, Dayton, Havre. Norfolk, Jan 10. Arrived barque Ossipee, Stout, Santa Crui 17 day. Left hip South - Carolina Packet of N. York, had not begun to discharge; brig Active, of Boston, waiting mark et 1 sch Packet of do discharging. Spokt in lat. 35 53, N. long. 73 50, W. sch. Samuel Smith, of Snowhill, 22 hours from Cape Henry, which desired to be reported. Sch Brave, Frisbee, Portsmouth, N II 8 days. Steam boat Powhatan, SUuster, Richmond 22 hours. Saw at Oslorn'(, llerm. brig A, drew, of for N York; offCraney Island, bound up, sch Minerva, of X Bedford, forN York.. &'ch Farmers' Fancy, Otis, Boston 8 day bound to Richmond put in with the loss of her jib and flying - jib, in a gale oH'Leng - Lland, . on Saturday night last. Vch Louisa, Thorp, NYork 3 days. Sch. Union, Crosbv, Port - au - Prince 33 days. ' Sch Mary, Gould, York 3 day. - Sloop tlcralci, Booth, NYork day. ' In Hampton Road, brig Fanny, Steven, 27 days from Port - au - Prince, bound to Baltimore, experienced dreadful weather on the passage and narrowly escaped loss among the Bahamas. Left several American vessels names unknown. Spoke about 3 weeks since, the sch Franklin, Fiich, for Baltimore ; 1 brig and 5 schooners. Baltimork, Jan. 13. Arrived sch Jane, Barry, 18 days from St. Domingo, (and 1 j to th Capes.) Left sch A'dventure, Roche, for tome port in tlie U. Slates ; and sch Trump, Lee, of Bath in 8 days. The J. was chased two day off St. Domingo by a black sch supposed to be , a pirate, and escaped by superior sailing. . THEATRE. On FRIDAY EVENING, Jan. 16. Will be presented, t!ie Comedy of tho MERCHANT OF VENICE. Shylock, Mr. Finn . from the Theatre Royal, Drury - Lane, Londca, being his 1st appearance in America. After the Play, the 4 Enst Indian Jugglers, recently arrived in thi country, will exhibit their Feat of Legerdemain. Strength and activity. Or Tbe East Indian Juggler will exhibit ' their Feat on Saturday and Monday next only. - O" At an election for Directors of tlie Natioa - al liuturance Company, held on Monday tbe 12th instant, the following Gentlemen were chose)" r redenck Liejieyster, Bent. I., swan, n.cnara ll. Lawrence, Thomas Hazard, Juu. . Jacob P. Giraud. - Thos. Lawrence, Isaac Lawrence, .Philip Hone, Richard Riker, Jamci Lovett, Gideon Pott, Gardiner G. Howland, Joseph GrinneU, James K. Hamilton, Thaddeus Phelps, Peter Harmony, Myndert Van Scheie, Henry Kneeland, Thomas S. Bvrues. And at a meeting of Directors last ereoinfi Frederick Depeyster, Esq. was re - elected President, and R. M. Lawrence, Esq. Assistant. Jy 15 It - (TP At the annual meeting of the Marine Society, held at the Tontine Coffee Howe, oa Monday, the 12th of January, 1813, the following officers wereelerted for the ensuing year: , . James Farquhar, President. Thomas Farmer, 1st Vice - President. William Whitlock, Sd do. John Greenfield, Treasnrer. Christopher Prince, Secretary. Ezra L Ilommedicu, Attorney. And.tw R. Miller, Collector. Standing Cmtnitter. William Whitlock, Elihu Smith. James lAivott, Peter Murphy, Thomas Cottrell, laac Burr, Juu. Andrew R. Miller, Christopher Prince, George Alcock, Samuel C. Reed, Jacob Haff, Heury V aruig, Jonrph rark. Tlie Society have relieved, during; the last je"i seventy - eifrht widows and orphan children, oifUT biding among them JtiI7 50 - KJO cts. ; end if ft had it in their power they would have doubled IS sum. - The Society take this opportunity to i0'0'? mailers of escl, and the public in general, th they have a Box at the Posi - Officc, in which 1 postage of all foreign letters, by request, wiH" itejiosited, by Geu. Bailey, his sons, or their fin ants. jy 15 It CHRISTOPHER PRINCE, Sec'y. IT At a meeting for choosing Directors of ti I Western Inland Lock Navigation Company, lolloKing persons were dulv elected : Hubert bowoe, William Bavard, Robert Troup, H. B. Pierpoint, Daniel M'Coricxk, John Atkinsca, Jun. Johu B. Grave, John R Murray, Thomas Eddy, Samuel Campbell, John Murray, Jo - ' Barent Blcecker, . John Taykr, Alb - ny - l Til 1. u 1. r

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