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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MASON CJU'r GLOBE-GAZETTE, MAKCH 12 Â·Â· 1Â»36 AN A. W. Issued Every week Day by the MASON City GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY J21-123 East SUtÂ« Street TelephÂ«ne Mo. 3800 MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which li exclusively entitled to the use lor publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local new*. MEMBER, IOWA DAJLY PKESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Moines news and business ofllcu at 109 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason. City and Clear Lake, Kason. city and Clear Lake, by the year JT.Ou ny tie week I 13 OUTSIDE MASON CIW AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier 17.00 By mall 6 months J2 25 Per week by carrier .... I .15 By moll 3 months J1.25 Per year by mall JÂ».oo By mall l month I 50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year. ...56.00 Sbc months....J3.25 Three monUu...11.75 LUCKY SMALL TOWNERS rpHE plight of New Yorkers who work and dwell in skyscrapers and who are now compelled to climb miles of stairs because of the elevator operators' strike brings to mind once more the comparative benefits of the small town over the large city for ita inhabitants. Gone is the charm which the remoteness of the pent house had and the occupants of such romantic aeries would probably prefer the nojsiest ground floor imaginable to their suddenly inconvenient loftiness. The small town has more important considerations to offer its citizens than safety from inconveniences caused by elevator operator's strikes. . Ernest Elmo Calkins, in an article, "Small Town," in the current issue of the Atlantic Monthly, comments on the advantages of country living and points out that metropolitans seek a substitute for the country which most of them abandoned in their youth, once they attained the financial success permitting such a venture. "Such is the history of many an inhabitant of the big city," writes Mr. Calkins. "H his means are straitened, .he spends 50 weeks in a narrow flat with two weeks in tha country as a vacation. Those who boast two homes lead strenuous .double lives, traveling long distances for the satisfaction of seeing something besides brick and mortar and asphalt. "When George Ade wag asked, 'A good many bright young men come from Indiana, don't they?' he an- avwred, 'Yes, and the brighter they are, the sooner they come.' And George Ade, who certainly had his hour in the bright lights of Broadway, now lives on his Indiana farm. Young people go to the cities to seek their fortunes now as always, feeling that the city offers greate chances and that it will appreciate talents, unrecog nized by the home town. But cities are filled with young hopefuls seeking opportunity and finding their chances relatively no greater in the city than in the small town. Material rewards are not the only ones which make e small town preferable to a city, Mr. Calkins finds, "The deeper satisfaction of life in small cities or large villages lie elsewhere--ia nature and human nature, the country and the people. The small town is still You can stump the advocate of almost any panacea by asking him: "Just where has this ever worked out successfully?" Italy will find that it has paid rather dearly in human blood for every square mile it seizes in Ethiopia. . Dizzy Dean is on the way to bragging himself out of the big league as Whataman Shires once did. Reduced to its simplest terms, the way to pacify Mussolini is to hand him all of Ethiopia. A southern newspaper is predicting a muddy track for the 1936 presidential derby. It's less than 20 years since the World war but still Europe can't remember. , Â· Man is the only animal that laughs. And with least reason too probably. Simile: Rare as a red-blooded college editor. The PROS and CONS DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott linked to the soil. Its people are still aware of the ' procession of the seasons, seedtime and harvest, sunrise and sunset, the night and its stars, which for the city dweller--his earth plated with concrete, his sky ( narrowed by brick canyons--have almost ceased to ' exist. -i "But the best thing about a small town is the people -who live in it. I say this boldly, knowing how often that ^element is seized upon as a subject for ri- i dfcule--their dullness, banality, narrow lives and interests. The point is that the indictment simply is not true. There are such people in small towns, just as there are in large cities, for the human race is plentifully supplied with all kinds; they average about the same everywhere. "The neighhorlmess of the small town Is 'an honest tradition from pioneer days when the early settlers 'changed work' and helped one another with bees and house raisings, as is done still among farmers at threshing time." The recent Iowa blizzards provided ample modern illustration of this quality of neignborli- ness when farmers came to each other's aid in periods -of distress. "Besides qualifying for. the small town virtue of neighborliness, some of the people are intrinsically jn- .teresting and worth knowing for their own sakes," Mr. Calkins continues. "There are characters distinguished ?for culture, achievement^ experience, and personality 'far more individual than if their corners had been 5 rubbed off by the friction of metropolitan life. In a big city you might see such famous people, but in a small town, if you are worthy, you are priviliged to know them." Mr. Calkins concludes that small towns are our ) greatest asset, and that it is time we took stock of them, "those Kiddle-sized, middle-class 'bourgeois ^burgs which it is .so easy to mock, though few who ANOTHER MILESTONE . W. G. Williams in Garner Leader and Signal: This week we are observing our tenth year in the newspaper publishing business in Garner. It was on March 1, 1926, that we began publishing the Garner Leader, which was later consolidated with the Signal to provide the present paper we now offer. Â· Not easy going, those ten years. Probably no other period in American history has been as beset with struggles for existence as has been the period we have spent in Garner. There have been lots of heartaches, lots of times we have despaired. But now that our tenth birthday is over, we, like all ten year olds, begin immediately to plan on other birthdays in the future. Our aim, when we came to Garner, was to boost the town and to give-Hancock county the best possible newspaper. We renew that pledge today and will keep striving to fulfill it. ALMOST UNOPPOSED Bancroft Register: A generally unexpected and somewhat amazing fact in current Iowa politics is that Senator Dickinson promises to be without major opposition for reuomination. It had been taken for granted that ex-Governor Hammill would run, and there was also talk of ex-Governor Turner and ex-Senator Brookhart. The latter seems now definitely out of the picture, and thire has been no Indication that either Hammill or Turner contemplates candidacy. There has also been nothing to indicate that Howard Clark of Des Moines would enter the race. There are, indeed, two opponents in the field. Mayor Manning--is he from Ottumwa?--has announced, as has also one Doctor Clianey of Des Moines. But these candidates are not considered major threats to Mr. Dickinson's. PlCADOft$ WE BARRELS IK ANNUAL -fb DRIVE THE BULL'S -To WARP PERSOM OU-T oF EVERY SEVEN IS A STAMP ONE OUT OF EVERY IM"friE_ OBSERVING fHI5 IS HOW -1E.1.-EPHOSE USES LOOKED 1M NEW YORK ClTy IN 189O, SEFaRE 1ABLES ANC WERE. U.SEP Copyright, 1936. by Central Preja Ajaoointlon. Inc. EVERY LEGUMES ENTER POLITICS Swea City Herald: Seems strange to have our old standbyg, sweet clover, soy beans and other legumes *oing into politics, but none question the prime need for soil conservation, the essence of the new farm bill signed during- the week by President Roosevelt. Authorities for more than a quarter of a century have collectively and individually warned of the dangers of soil depletion, and at last something is being done about it, even though it took the great white father at Washington to say the word. DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDEN1NG, M. D. NOMINEE FOR MODEL HUSBAND Marshalltown Times-Republican: A Belmond man asks correction of an item in a north Iowa paper which had described him as snowbound. He insists: "I did not get snowbound in a ravine or anywhere else--was not out later than 7 o'clock at night and was never lost in my life. Please publish this correction in your paper." Evidently a model for husbands. Now what time does he go to bed? THE* DIDN'T DIE IN VAIN Osage Press: Those pheasants that have died this winter perhaps haven't died in vain. Never has there been such general interest in wild life as is evident now. Farmers that never paid much attention to birds before are talking of leaving nesting areas, providing shelters, etc. Perhaps those that have frozen and starved have died that others may have more abundant life. SNOW EQUIPMENT INADEQUATE Cedar Falls Record: There's too much single track equipment in this country. Some of the railroads operating through the snow belt of Iowa even lack rotary snowplows and other means for cutting through drifts quickly. Think of the hour loss in transportation! Â·have lived ameruty." there have escaped their charm and MORE INK--MORE BUTTER! j,JN" a recent letter to the weekly newspapers of the _f fourth district, Representative Fred Biermann ad vanced this most interesting plan of action to dairy farmers of the country: ? +1, "**Â£ lo ? S .. " ewJ ?P a P er training ma,y flavor my \ thoughts, but I believe this opinion will stand the i 68 ' J? examination. r believe that the greatest. benefit that could come to the dairy farmuig business today would be a consistent, persistent, 12 months a year advertising campaign to the news, papers, this one and others like it "You readers, or 90 per cent of you, don't drink nearly as much milk as you should. Very few of you eat the butter that would be best for your health. Americans eat no cheese at all compared to some European nations, yet cheeses are delicious and wholesome foods. "All the arguments are on the side of much Â· IF!i ter Con3l TMptton of mflk, butter and cheese. If the dairy industry advertised as the automobile industry does, I imagine there would be no thought of a 'surplus' of dairy products and dairy farmers always would get decent prices for the stuff " Â· It would be difficult, almost to the point of im, ossibility, for a newspaper which believed in ita roduct--as the Globe-Gazette does--to take issue rith Mr. Biermann on this proposal. TOO MUCH GOVERNMENT qrOW the burden of mounting taxation strikes home is brought out by this paragraph from the annual Report of Henry M. Dawes of Chicago, head of a well .:nown petroleum company: "It is an interesting commentary on present-day tendencies that this industry, which pays salaries and wages aggregating $1,316,764,000 per annum, is , assessed an annual tax on its products and opera- -Â· tions equal to $1,127,259,000." Â· . It will be noted that there is only about a 10 per ent difference in the amount paid for workers and be amount paid to the government. ' When this condition prevails, it is quite apparent Â· hat there is too much government. I HOW OLD IS CURVE BALL? Council Bluffs Nonpareil: A man has just died in Chicago who as a youth is said to have been one of the first to curve a baseball. He was 74 years of age. This curved ball throwing began in Iowa in late eigh. ties or the early nineties of the last century. BURIED UNDER THE SNOW Hampton Chronicle: Several sales of farms in Franklin, county have been reported during the last month. That indicates that this county has a good -eputation as a producer, when ueople will buy land here that they could not even see. FLY REGARDED AS PET Luverne News: A fly was buzzing around the office Friday. A mathematician told us that had we swatted this fly we would have killed 4,193,061,925 flies. But a fly in February is different from one in July. We wanted to keep it for a pet. THE SURPRISING PART OF IT Ames Tribune: Chicago isn't so egotistical as we had thought. Here it is asking the interstate com- nwrce commission to let it adopt eastern standard time instead of demanding that the whole country so on central standard time. . REALISM IN ROMANCE Manly Signal: The modem girl doesn't bother to marry the fellow who has saved his money, because she knows that sooner or later it will be taken away from him. * MISSING REGULARS Davenport Democrat: No Bryan in Nebraska--no Turner in Iowa. It will hardly seem like an election. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG UNITED WE'LL STAND Our president emphaxized freedom of thought. Id very essential, experience tan tansht. Alonsr with this freedom we mnsn't be bought AnJ part with our rights for which Hfl.MiIntlon folishl. In seeking the truth we should all be alert. Employing the virtues, combating the "dirt:** Aloof from all prejudice, jtrlvlnj to give .Each person a privilege freely to live. For good honest politic, there It a place, But partisanship !Â» a Ironing disgrace When given the right-of-way so s to ban Progressive endeavors promoted by man. Mere politics shouldn't award one a Job And create an army of people who rob The government treasury down to the core So bonds must be Issued providing for more. Sosnd principles TIT cannot hope to Ignore And maintain oar prestige secure In the fora. More trustworthy statesmen we need to provide The bulwark to cope with the mountainous tide. Our hopes still remain in thÂ« will to retala The national welfare above selfish gain. Our destiny lies mostly at our command Divided we'll perish--nnlted we'll stand. RAILWAY ENGINEERS TAKE TESTS T HERE IS ONE noticeable feature about the accident situation in general in the United States which is that'numerically more drivers of private vehicles than drivers of public conveyances have accidents. Of course, when the engineer or pilot of a public carrier has an accident the damage is greater because there are more people in the public carrier. But if as many public carriers had accidents as individual automobilists it would nearly decimate the population. I believe it is fair to say that a large part of the difference is due to the careful medical inspection of the drivers of public conveyances. One can say that the automobile accidents are due to..slippery streets, lack of tracks, lack of signals at corners, but the comparative statistics of faxicab drivers and public bus drivers as against private drivers does not bear this out. And again one must rememDer the statistics of the royal air force which were that 90 per cent of their accidents in the war were due not to deficiencies of the machine nor to enemy hits, but- to Or. CltndeniBj physical impairment of the flyers. I am told that in 1932 only one passenger was killed on all the railroads in the United States, and in 1935 no passenger was killed on any of the railways of this country. Public Is Safeguarded. So far as railroads are concerned, I am greatly impressed with the care with which the public is safeguarded so far as their employes are concerned. The main idea, of course, of a physical examination of an applicant for railway service is to establish his physical and intellectual fitness. The class from which engineers, brakemen, switchmen and linemen are made comes, as a rule, from smaller towns along the line of the railway. The applicant's experience with railroading, at least in the old days, began from youth. Just as a boy in a seaport town walks down to the harbor, watches ships and dreams of spending his days as a sea rover, so does the young farmer in a small town watch the incoming trains on arrival, envies- the majestic figure of the engineer in his dungarees, leather gloves and gauntlets. When he reaches adolescence, he makes an attempt to apply for some form of railway service; sometimes he starts working on the track as a common laborer. May Be Disappointed. His experience is, to. a considerable extent, laid down before he applies for service. Here it may be a great disappointment to him to learn that he is color blind or that his rheumatism in youth may prevent his acceptance by the railway company. A careful history of all the diseases he has ever had is recorded. The sense of hearing is examined; his heart and blood pressure repeatedly tested; special attention is paid to the joints and the existence of an arthritis. The color perception is made both with worsteds and with lanterns, and especially with the test of Prof. Dr. S. Eshiaara, In most railways a periodical examination is made on an average of once a year; especially after the age of 50 a more thorough vigil is kept of em- ployes in transportation service. Diet for Third Week--Thursday. BREAKFAST: Fruits--any of the following; one baked apple, one pear, one slice of pineapple; one small serving cereal with milk; one cup of coffee-(with not more than one lump of sugar and one teaspoon of. milk.) LUNCHEON: One-half grapefruit; one egg, boiled or poached; toast; coffee. DINNER: Broiled T-bone steak; one-half head lettuce, celery, dressing; toast; coffee. What is your weight today? EARLIER DAYS FROM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago Mrs. George Humphreys of Fertile is in the city for a visit with friends. H. A. Smith of Osceola returned to his home today following a visit in the city. Miss Addie Hilderbrand of Lyle, Minn., and Archie Harris of Gladstone, Mich., are in the city for a visit with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. William Jones returned last night from a few weeks' trip to California. G. W. Howland is looking after business in Ortonville, Minn., this week. Miss Lexie Barlow of Thornton is in the city visit- ng at the Dr. Weston home. W. E. Brice returned today from a two weeks' visit n Beaumont, Tex. Mrs. Thomas Way has returned from a brief visit with her husband in Minneapolis. T. D. Straus of Faribault,' Minn., has accepted'a position with the Edwards and Nichols store here. Mrs. John Wilson of Burchinal was in the city yesterday. F. K. Alitz has moved to Mitichell. Twenty Years Ago-B. F. Ferguson returned today from a business trie to St. Louis, Mo. ' Mrs. Tom Connors -of Cartersville is in the city shopping today. Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Meyers returned yesterday from a few days' business and pleasure trip in Minneapolis. Mrs. G. Warner and daughters, Lurana and Frances, left yesterday for a six weeks' visit in Fresno and Los Angeles. Cal. James Johnson of Chamberlain, S. Dak., is in the city visiting with relatives. Mason City high school's basketball team won its first game in the tournament being held at Cedar Falls with a 39 to 17 victory over Independence in the first round. The Mohawks won from Iowa Falls 44 to 22 in a second round game. (In 1935 Mason City nosed out Independence 22 to 21 in the state tournament also in the first round, as the Mohawks won the state championship.) Ch: - ~ today. MORE OF LAUGHING AND LESS OF WORRY jssssMw acknowledge indebtedness 5Bl? F. E. F. of Iowa Falls, tern *Â£** porarily sojourning in Sa Diego, for this set of health hin by Dr. John L. Rice, commission! of health in New York City. One less hour of worry for or more hour of laughter. One less week of high pressur living for one more week of restfi vacation. One less luncheon conference fo one more midday period of relaxa tion. One less evening of formal societ for one more evening with a joll book. One less banquet for one mor quiet supper with the family. One less hour under the electri light for one more in the sunshine. One less hour in the auto for on more swinging along on foot. One less hour of work for on hour physical examination by you doctor. One less pound of body fet fo one more of tougher muscle. One less helping of meat for on more of vegetables. One less cocktail for one mor hour of sleep. One less cigar for a half-hou more of exercise. DOG-XEAM DRIVER SEES V. S.-ALASKA ROAD AHEAD hope "Slim" Williams, Alas kan pioneer, is right in his prediction. This old musher dropped into Chicago the other da; on his way from Copper Center Alaska, to Washington, D. C., by dog team and ventured the forecas' that within seven years motorists from the United States will be able to drive from their homes to Circle City. Alaska, on the rim of the Arctic circle. An appropriation of $2,000,000 has already been made for an attack on the 1,000 miles of uncharted wilderness and, according to the Alaskan, the project will gain speed as it goes along. Tha territory he required six months to cross will be traversed in two days, he forecast. What a motor trip it would be, from Alaska to the southernmost tip of South America! Is this to be possible within the lifetime of this generation? I wonder. HOW WOULD YOU LIKE TO SPELL ALL THESE'.' ii-. know it will make you more Sp^ compassionate with the W?" newspaper if you'll consider the possibilities for error which were inherent in a news dispatch recently which contained the following names: Hsinking, Manchoukuo, Khabar- ovsk, Nikoiskussarlsk, Verkhneu- dinsk, Irkutsk, Blagovestchensk, Tsitsihar and Peorgranichnava. Speaking of typographical "errors, Kansans are chuckling these days about the Lenten message got out by one churchman beneath this salutation: "My Dead People:" SIGNIFICANCE OF LENT SET FORTH BY BISHOP am interested in the com- of Bishop Spencer of the Kansas City Episcopal cathedral on the season of Lent. Its observance rests upon one of the laws of the universe, according to the bishop and is not an exclusively Christian custom. "In the universe, everything from a railway wheel to the Son of God has to be tested," he writes. "Hence it is more precise to speak of the testing of Jesus than to speak of the temptation of Jesus. Christians keep this season of the testing of Jesus for the same reason that they keep Christmas, the season of His birth, and Easter, the season of His resurrection. Because, it must be remembered, Christianity is nothing under heaven except following in the footsteps of Jesus Christ." The forty days of Lent correspond to the forty days which Jesus spent in the wilderness. It is a period of self discipline and affords the person an opportunity to become acquainted with his weaknesses, both of body and soul. Its value is the value of discipline. The word Lent is of Saxon origin and means "spring" and its observation by Christians is of very old origin, going back to a period near that of the apostles. THE EVOLUTION OF AN AUTHOR REVEALED HERE am amused by one recollection presented by James Branch Cabell in a forthcoming book. It is drawn from the days when Mr. Cabell was a struggling young- author and Sinclair jewis--his days of fame far in the future--was editor for a New Yorlt publishing house. One of Mr. Cabell's manuscripts :ame to Mr. Lewis, who rejected it orthwith and sent its author a long etter of explanation; and in this etter he explained that "the general public simply cannot be in- uced to buy novels about unattrac- ive and ignoble people." One wonders just what Mr. Lewis vould say about that advice today If ever a man grew rich and famous "novels about unattractive and gnoble people," it is this same Sin:air Lewis. And Mr. Cabell, by the ray. runs him a fairly' close second. It all goes to show, perhaps, hat a novelist can break all the ules on the calendar with complete mpunity--if he does it well nough," an Illinois editor suggests. --o-- REMIUM SHOULD BE PEED IN COUNTING have an idea that the most effective device for speeding up the count on election re- urns would -be to put a-premium on ispatch. When payment by' the our is the method, the premium is n taking- all the time necessary--d perhaps just a little more. The ;ht of the public to know the re- ults of elections has always seemed - me to be the one best argument the voting machines in Iowa. Answers to Questions By FKEDEK1C ,1. HASIOjf Charles Ford of'Gamer was visitinff in the citv ay. J W. E. Gildner and J. A. Van Ness left yesterday for a two weeks' vacation at Excelsior Springs, Mo. Ten Years Ago-Mrs. Fred Gildner and Mrs. O. A. Lund went to Rochester, Minn., today. Mr. and Mrs. Roy Guest of Gordon, Wis., left today for their home after spending the winter here. Mr. and Mrs. B. J. Kearney returned today from a six months' trip to Cuba and Florida. IOWA CITY--Iowa _won a thrilling Big Ten bas- ;ame from Ohio State last night 18 to 17. Â· J the Hawkeyes with 9 points. Michigan ketball Hogan _ _ romped over Northwestern 46 to 14 "and Minnesota beat Illinois 28 to 21 in other Big- Ten games. Sacred Heart of Waterloo nosed out St. Joseph's of Mason City 12 to 11 last night, in the invitational tournament at Dubuque. Eddie Jones starred for the Johawks. A. W. Stubbs was nosed out in the battle of three candidates for the two year positions on the school board yesterday as W. ffi. Pedelty and J. E. E. Markley were elected. Mr. and Mrs. L. Brunner have returned from a visit with relatives at Marble Rock. Howard S. Farmer of Los Angeles, Cal., arrived in the city yesterday for a visit with his mother, Mrs P. S. Farmer, 428 East State street. Plymouth, Iowa. Yours sincerely. ARTHUR A. HOLROYD TOMORROW 5IARCH 13 By CLARK KINNAIBO Notable Births--Capt. Albert W. Stevens, b. 18S6, army stratosphere .explorer, and photographer. He took a photograph of a mountain from 331 miles away Oswald Garrison Villard, b. 1872, editor and publicist Jacquin L. Lait, b. 1882, novelist, playwright, journalist and author of over 2,000 short stories Fairfax Harrison, b. 1869, president of Southern Railway system. Â· Â· * March 13,1783--An extraordinary coincidence: The last battle of the Revolution, a naval engagement between the American ship Alliance and H.M.S. Sybille, was fought on the eighth anniversary of the first battle. This first battle wasn't at Lexington, Mass.. as often stated, but at Westminster, N. Y., (now Vermont), where assembled colonists resisted British troops attempting to disperse them. First to fall was William French, 22. Cruising the Headlines By L. M. L. "RANCHERS UNITING TO FIGHT RUSTLERS" BATTLE rustling is the vogue again in Texas and T" the vigilantes are riding, riding, rifling. This once notorious racket is having a real revival and surpasses the large-scale operations of the days when the ranges were unfcnced. When cattle roamed the wide ranges they were wild and hard to round up. Now they are accustomed to the sight of men and trucks and have become gentle and it is only a matter of minutes for a rusUer to back up to a fence, lower a chute and load fifteen or twenty yearlings and speed away to market. On account of three years of withering drought, Texas herds were cut to a minimum which resulted in a beef shortage and higher prices. Last spring and summer Texas had bountiful rains and cattle fattened in lush pastures. The ranchmen are ready for a showdown fight. Committees are organized to co-operate with local and. state officers. Will six- shooters and a quick twist of a rope become the law of Texas once more? SCRIPTURAL THOUGHT--As coals are .0 burning coals, and wood to fire; so is a contentious man to kindle strife.--Proverbs 2:21. PLEASE NOTE--A reader can fret Ihe answer to any question or fact by n-rit- tnc Mason City GlGbe-Gazettp, Information Bureau, Frederic J. Hashln, Director, Washington, n. r. Please Inclose three (3) cents for reply. Why do hot water pipes burst from freezing more often than cold wafer pipes do ? j. K. Probably because water in cold water pipes contains dissolved air which separates on freezing and forms slushy ice; while when water in a hot water pipe freezes, it is more apt to become under cooled and then freeze rather suddenly, forming compact ice free from bubbles which is more apt to break' a pipe. What ship was a frigate? N. C. Originally, a long, narrow ship used on the Mediterranean, propelled by oars or sails or by both. A hundred and fifty years ago, the term was used to designate a warship of the cruiser type. It was a fast, square-rigged sailing vessel, with two gun decks, carrying 1 from 32 to 50 guns. The Constitution was a frigate of this period. Is glass still blown by the human breath? R. W. Compressed-air machines have to a great extent taken the place of the human blowers. Where did Hiram P. Maxim die? L. H. Feb. 17, 1936, in the Mennonite Hospital and Sanitarium at La Junta, Col. What is Trotzky's real name? R. F. Leon Bronstein. How did Santa Anita, the race track, get its name? M. R. From the fact that it occupies part of the lands once included in the Santa Anita Rancho of Elias Jackson'(Lucky) Baldwin. What is the National Industrial conference board's figure for unemployment? F. H. Estimate for January, 9,715,000. This is an increase over December, but a decrease of 625,000 from January 1935. What is a young stream? K. W. The geological survey says one which has accomplished but little in the work of erosion and degradation of the land which is possible for it to do. It is characterized by irregular profile, steep slope, swift current, narrow valley and numerous rapids, cataracts and sometimes lakes. The Colorado river is an extraordinary example of a young river. The St. Lawrence, once a mature stream, has been rejuvenated or restored to infancy by glaciation. An old stream is one which has reduced its basin to the lowest possible level. It would resemble the lower Mississippi; but there is probably not a river in the world which has reached that stage throughout: Rivers are seldom permitted to reach old age, but are either drowned by the sea or restored to youth by the accidents of upheaval or gla- ciation. Tell of the conlederate museum in Kicliand, Va. W. C. Built in 1S16 by Dr. John Brockenbrough.'It passed through several hands and in 1861 was the property of Lewis D. Crenshaw. In 1861 the City of Richmond bought the house and offered it as a present to President Jefferson Davis. He declined to accept it and the confederate government rented it as his home while in Richmond. The museum contains priceless relics of the war between the states. How long have deep sea explorations been made? E. H. Began about 1820 with sounding observations. The first extensive expedition was that of the British ship Challenger, 1872-76. Who are (he Kalmucks? H. H. A nomadic Mongol race of fearless horsemen and soldiers, Buddhist in religion, who inhabit parts of China, Siberia, and Russia. Although of small stature, for centuries they have been fierce warriors. noted as FEDERAL AIDS The new social security act marks the culmination of many years of activity by various groups interested in aiding those of our citizens who are unfortunate. This law inaugurates a program that is a combination of national and state aid. Every reader should know the facts about this legislation which will help the underprivileged. Write today for the new pamphlet, "The Social Security Act," which g\vrs the scope of this program. Send for copy now. Use coupon: Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose five cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the new booklet, "The Social Security Act." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington. D. C.) f '--'