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North Iowa's Edited for the Home M A ( L 0 M E f H I S M f. W O C P T O F rtf S M O I N E S I * '+ "THE NEWSPAPER THxVT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWA.NS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XXXVII FIVE CENTS PER COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1931 UNITED PRESS AND INTERNATIONAL NEWS SUPPLEMENTAL SERVICE . 119 Bonus Bill Is Puzzle Effect of Loan Act Unknowable as Einstein. i)i By CHARLES P. STEWART . A . S H I N G T O N , Feb. 24. (CPA) --Trying to understand w h a t will happen under the veterans' bonus loon act ia like trying to understand E i n- stein. Not only ia it impossible f o r the ordinary individual to follow tha mathematical processes leading up to an answer to the p r o b l e m . T h e problem also is a mystery. Finally, , Einstein is the only authority there is, on the subject of relativity; he invented it. On the subject of bonus fjf loans there are many authorities ' who get results varying all the way from zero, as reckoned by Senatot Vandenberg of Michigan, up to 51,700,000,000, according to Secretary of the Treasury Mellon's cal- dilations. O NE SEES, to be sure, how Secretary Mellon arrives at his esti- ,,mate of the amount Uncle Sam will lihave to dig up in short order to ,'make the veterans'' loans provided |for under the new law. The sccre- Itnry assumes that most of the hold- jers of adjusted bonus certificates Swill want to realize on them very 'soon up to the authorized 50 per of their face value. Congressman Isaac -Bactmrach of SNew Jersey, the loan measure's author, thinks not, however. His the- uory is that the proportion of bor- Ijrowers, out of the total number of ^'certificate holders, will remain f aiiout the same as hitherto, at *Â· ~:hich rate immediate calls on the Iteaa'ury .will not exceed $400,000,- loq to j430,opo,poo. . Â· Frank ,T. .Hines.,iwho : veterans" af- Kfairs, ought to be as good a judge Kas anyone, splits the difference be~ i tween .Congressman Be.charach anc (Turn to Fao 2, Column 3). HOUSE AT WORK ON 'LAME DUCK' Bill Proposes Amendment to Start New Congress in , January. i WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. OFi--The "lame duck" house now sitting today had its chance to vote upon eliminating the "lame duck" sessions of the future. Demand for passage of the legislation was strong. A special legislative rule limiting debate to four hours ushered in consideration of the Gifford resolution proposing a constitutional amendment to bring the congress elected every two years in November into session the following January 4 and to induct the president and vice president 20 days later, instead of on March 4. The principal aim of the legislation is to do away with the present extended legislative powers of members who have been defeated, commonly termed "lame ducks." Several times the senate has adapted the Norris resolution to abolish this short meeting. It failed of passage, in the house three years ago because of opposition to having two indeterminate sessions. In bringing . up the measure, Speaker Longworth and other majority leaders fulfilled a promise made to its proponents early this DRY LAW DECLARED VALID Gemmill Explains Handling of Rockefeller Fund STATE BOARD OF DUCATION MAN PROBE WITNESS Interest Was Used for Medical Research, He Says. D ES MOINES, Feb. 24. CT--Details of transferring funds for state educational institutions were explained today by W. H. Gemmill, secretary of the board of education, testifying before the legislative committee investigating the University of Iowa administration. Gemmill said that the board permits transfer of moneys not appropriated by the legislature either by the finance committee or the board itself. The finance committee, lie added, does not act without recommendation of the president of the affected school. Earnings on the Rockefeller medical fund were subject to allocation for any use in the medical college, he said. The customary procedure was by adopting a resolution on President Walter A. Jessup's recommendation. Reads Board Minutes. Gemmill read minutes of the board of March 7, 1929, showing that 5159,047 of Rockefeller interest money had been transferred to a permanent trust fund for medical research at Jessup's suggestion The interest fund originally was ;$161,000 the 'records showed; hut 52,000 was spent for the dedication of the university hospital. Gemmill explained the operation of the finance committee and said he issued reports to board members twice a month on the committee's activities. No printed rules govern transfer of funds, he said, reference being made when necessary to rules scattered thru the minute books. The committee recessed at 10:30 a. in., in order that its three senate members might attend to legislative duties for a short time. Resolution Is Read. A resolution adopted by the board Jan. 19, 1927, was read into the testimony. It was a request that the finance committee prepare an amendment to the Iowa laws to permit purchase of bonds at a lower interest rate than 5 per cent. One of the charges brot by Verne Marshall, managing editor of the Cedar Rapids Gazette, is that 518,000 was lost thru the purchase of bonds with some of the Rockefeller money at less than 5 per cent. Gemmill followed Marshall to the stand. The latter was excused temporarily after examination by Dennig Kelleher, the committee's attorney, because Emmet Tinley, representing the board of education wished to delay cross examination until after the committee visits the University in Iowa City. No time has been fixed for such a trip, altho anticipates making AUNT MET By Robert Quillen "What this town needs ia less birth control and more control o' them that's already born." the committee one soon. Marshall went into details about the part President Walter A Jessup played in the university's suspension from the Big- Ten ath- (Tum tn '2, Column 4). TO CHURCH WITH GRANDPA As a tribute tff"'lh'e'"memfy"* of George Wnslngton, President Hoover and Mrs. Hoover, accompanied by their granddaughter; Peggy Ann, attended services at Christ church, Alexandria, Vn,, sitting in the pew once used by the first president. Plioto shows President Hoover and his little grandchild after the services. SENATOR FACES BRIBERY CHARGE Borah and Robinson Join in Demand for Probe of Stories. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24. (JP)-~ Investigation of published reports that a senator received between 5100,000 and $150,000 from a sugftr company while the tariff was being framed by congress was demanded in the senate today by Senators Borah, republican, Idaho, and Robinson, democrat, Arkansas. Borah read the senate a story published in a New York paper today declaring evidence has been placed before the lobby committee purporting to show the payments to an unnamed senator. "No name Is mentioned," Borah said, "but I am sure the senate would not want that to go uninvca- tigated and would wish the facts procured." He said the lobby committee of which he ia a member is authorized to make such an investigation. Robinson, democratic leader, supported Borah'a demand. Chicago Vote Its Heaviest and Quietest Nearly 400,000 Ballots Cast in First Four Hours. CHICAGO, Feb. 24. /P)--The heaviest and the quietest primary election yote Chicago has ever seen was indicated today as the citizenry swarmed to the polls. The vigorous campaign waged by Mayor William Hale Thompson, Judge John H. Lyle and Alderman Arthur F. Albert for the republican nomination combined with ideal weather to bring out votes in unprecedented numbers. A canvass of scattered precincts brot the estimate that nearly 400,000 ballots bad been cast in the first four hours and the likelihood that the previous estimates of a 700,000 total vote would be far surpassed. The balloting was as orderly as it was brisk. The thousands of poll watchers and dozens of roving police squads had little to occupy their time. A report to the election commissioners said a gang of armed men administered a beating to Patrick Hines, an alderman's worker, while three women kicked and screamed at the sluggers. The latter fled when a crowd gathered. Police found things tranquil when they arrived, the election judges professing to know nothing of the disturbance. Bricelyn Undertaker Suffers Stroke at Party and Succumbs BRICELYN, Minn., Feb. 24.--E. R. Linderman, 65, Bricelyn undertaker, died about 2 o'clock this morning following a stroke which occurred last night while he was at the American Legion card party. Hf was carried to his home where he failed to recover. Adjournment Denied in Buckley Murder Trial DETROIT, Feb. 24. OP)--Recorder's Judge Edward J. Jeffries today denied the state's motion for a 10 day adjournment of the trial of Ted Pizzlno, Joe Bommarito and Angela Livecchl, indicted for the slaying of Radio Announcer Jerry Buckley last July. The judge announced that the trial would get under way tomorrow morning with himself presiding. OFFICIALS PROBE DUMONT DEATHS Solution to Poisoning of 2 Children Sought in In, vestigation. DUMONT, Feb. 24. -- Officials were awaiting- the results of'autop ales to determine the cause of the deaths of Tina Behrends, 12, anc Ben Behrends, 16, and the myster ions illness of four'others in the Henry Behrends family here. Sher iff H. W. Burma left for Cedar Falls lost night where he took the intestines of the children them examined. The two to children died Sunday from the effects o poisoning, is is thot. Mrs. Bob rends and three 'other children are recovering. Whether an inquest wil be 'held or not by S. C. Whittalter coroner, will be determined on the outcome of the autopsies. Wins 19 Out of 20. IOWA CITY, Feb. 24. (JPV--Th expertness of Isaac Kashdnn, cham pion of the Manhattan Chess clu of New York City, was demon strated last night when he won 1 out of 20 simultaneous matches Walter H. Schmidt of Burlingtoi held the New Yorker to a draw 1: the twentieth match. K ILL- ROGERS PÂ£ fm%/C Â· BEVERLY HILLS, Cal., Feb. 2 --The senate is trying to get th Wickersham committee to tell them where they got all their dope from What the senate really ought t ask 'em is, "Where did you ge your opinions from 'after you ha received all your dope?" The lame duck bill comes up this week. A lame duck Is a man that didn't bring home enough "loot" from the national treasury to warrant his re-election but they let him stay there 13 months longer to see if he won't reform and bring home at least a new postoffice building or enough to widen Polecate creek. Yours, BOOTLEG BOYS SENTENCED TO ELDORA SCHOOL !ogill and Wilson to Service in State Institution. Kobcrt Newbcrry, Joo Brntk- ey and Koy Burgess pleaded guilty to a county attorney's information charging them with bootlegging uud transportation of Intoxicating liquor and each was sentenced by Judge J. J. Clark Tuesduy afternoon to three months in jn.il and n fine of $300. After giving the sentences Judge Clark gave a short lecture In which, ho pointed out that most of tho vice uiid crime of today originates because of liquor. The defendants were represented by Iu H. Boomhower and the state by County Attorney Roo Thompson, T WO 16 year old boys, John Cogill and Darrell Wilson, who confessed ;hey were the organizers and direct- ng geniuses of a bootleg ring In Mason City and who wero implicated in a sei-ies of hijacking and holdup episodes here in the past few weeks, were Tuesday sentenced by Judge Joseph J. Clark to the boys training school at El'lora. The formal charges placed agains the two bo'ys were bootlegging, as sault-with attempt-to;commit grea bodily Injury and robbery with aggravation. The conviction of the boys fol lowed confessions made to police of ficei-3 over tho week-end--confessions that read like pages from a detective magazine. Admit Shooting Black. Cogill, who apparently was the leader of the embryo alcohol ring admitted shooting William Black on the latter's doorstep Friday night Young Wilson confessed having been Cogill's companion on the expedi tion which resulted in the shooting ' Chief witnesses at the hearing were R. R. Oulman and L. W Neary of the police department ant Miss Cora Hamlin, attendance offi cer of the local schools. J. W. Ros of the Webster box factory here ap peared in behalf of Wilson, stating the boy had worked under him a the plant and had always shown hlmaelf industrious and efficient. Mr. Rose offered to accept the guardianship of the Wilson boy am for a time Judge Clark held tha under consideration. It was final!; decided, however, that with th" boy's record and other condition that he should go to Eldora. Represents State. Charles Barlow, assistant count; attorney, represented the state in the matter and questioned the wit nesses. Neither of the two boys hac attorneys. Implicated with the two boys in the booze selling syndicate organizet by Cogill were three others, whos hearings were scheduled to come u before Judge Clark Tuesday after noon, charged with bootlegging or information filed by County Attor ney Roe Thompson. These were Robert Newberry, 27, rural; .To Brackey, 19, who lives at 726 Mas sachusetts avenue northeast, Roy Burgess, 22, rural. Confessions were obtained /rom all five of the youths by police ove the week-end. Go to House. Cogill and Wilson went to Black 1 house for the purpose of buyin t some liquor, the confessions statec They asked Black If he had som liquor or home brew and he said h did, the boys wrote. "How about giving us some?" th boys asked. Black said he didn' (Tnm In Pane 2. Column 2). Walker vs. Risko Bout Postponed MIAMI, Fla., Feb. 24. (.T)--Th Walker-Risko fight, scheduled fo tonight, was postponed this after noon on account of rain by "Pa Stribling, promoter of the match. Firemen Use Dynamite. BESSEMER, Mich., Feb. 24. (.T(-Firemen fighting- a stubborn bla? which threatened to destroy an en tire block of buildings in Bessemer downtown section resorted to th use of dynamite shortly befdre p. m., today to combat the ^ir spread. Daughter of Briton Goes With Gandhi Englishwoman Has Left Pleasures of Life Behind. By JAMES A. MILLS NEW DELHI, India, Feb. 24. (IP) --Behind the scenes of the present lolitcal drama in India is an Eng- ishwoman, Miss Madeleine Slado, laughter of Sir Edmund Slade, for many years commander-in-chlef of British naval forces in India. Renouncing all the pleasures, and amenities of everyday existence, s Slade hag. embraced ascetic- sm and the mysteries of Hindu life and has become the ardent disciple if Malmtma Gandhi, who took her o the sacred city of Benares and after immersing her in the Holy Sanges river, initiated her into the Hysterics of the Hindu religion. Shaved Her Head. She has shaved her head in monastic fashion, given all her money tp he poor, goes barefooted, burned all ler European clothes and wears inly the cheapest homespun Hindu ;arments. She has taken the Hindu name of "Mira Bai." Miss Slade prays, fasts and ir.- dulges in various forms of expiation, and enters into regular periods of silence and meditation. Sho has charge of Gandhi's household prepares all his meals, sees that h is properly clothed and looks afte him with a mother's solicitude for child. ,, ,Gandhj'3.own^w.ifpjjixh.p is_a worn a of advanced age, could not show more devotion to the aged leade than Miss Slade who worships hiir with the ardor of the most intens religious zealot. Woman of Culture. Miss Slade, who is a woman o marked culture, ability and execu live capacity, is much more than a mere servitor or disciple of Gandhi She takes an active part in the in dependence movement and in addi Lion to giving Gandhi advice she at tends to his large correspondence Miss Slade first learned of Gandh fivo years ago. Her father disinherited her fo: embracing the cause of Indian inde pendence to the detriment of tin British empire but the daughter di not care. HOME WRECKER? AssaclattdPitis pioto Colleen Moore, film nctress, in court at Los Angeles to deny charges of n former landlord that she and lier hnstmnd Imd "wrecked" si house rented from him. House Would Pay Attorneys of Big ies Salary STUCKSLAGEH 61, DIES OF FLU Member of State Board o Education Dies at Home of Daughter. CEDAR RAPIDS, Feb. 24. CW-W. C. Stuckslager, 61, Lisbon, , member of the state board of cdu cation, dropped dead at the home o his daughter, Mrs. Lanning McFar land, at Winnetka, 111., late Monday according to information receive here today. Stuckslager had been ill of influ enza for several days. His nines prevented him from attending the investigation of the University of Iowa now in progress at Des Moiues. Stuckslager long had been interested in educational matters. He had been a member of the board of trustees of Cornell college at Mount Vernon, Iowa, for 22 years. Tne last 14 years he has been a member oC the board executive, committee. He served in the house in both the twenty-eighth and twenty-ninth Iowa general assemblies and in 1903 was elected to the state senate in which branch he served the thirtieth, thlry-first, thirty-second, thirty-third and thirty-fourth assemblies. He was born in Lisbon, near here, Oct. 24, 1869, and was graduated from the high school there In 18Sb after which he entered Cornell college. In 1893 he enrolled at the University of Chicago, the following year returning to Lisnon to enttir the Stuckslager-Auracher b a n k which had been founded by hia fath- DES MOINES, Feb. 24. /P--Th house today by a vote of 91 to passed the Brown bill which woul place county attorneys in countie of over 60,000 population on straight salary basis: All fees bein returned to the county treasure Voting against the measure wer Representatives Howard Ballew o Appanoose and G. J. Van ^uren o Jones. Counties affected would be Blac Hawk, Dubuque, Linn, Polk, Pottn watamie, Scott, and Woodbury. Un der the salary scale the attorney in counties of 60,000 to 80,00 would receive 53,500; 80,000 to 100 000, S*,000; over 100,000, 55,000 The law would become affectivo in January,'1933. The present salary is 53,000 plug tha fees. By a vote of 77 to 9 the houso passed the Snyder bill which would provide for tail lights for horse drawn vehicles. Simmer Act Passeil. The house also passed tho Simmer measure which would permit trustees oC municipally owned water works which are free from debt to issue bonds at a maximum interest rate of 5 per cent, and not to exceed 25 per cent of the physical value of the plant. Representative Simmer said the bill would affect only Ottumwa, whose water plant was making an average net revenue of $70,000 annually. The senate's advance in clearing up its calendar struck a snag in the bill of the committee on compensation of public officers. The measure sets a maximum of 6 cents a mile to be charged .by state and county employes for the use of cars on public business. A battle was forecast when the senate voted down a motion to defer action on the measure until after the spring recess and refused to excuse members serving on the state university investigating: committee. Gunderson Explains. Senator E. O. Gunderson, Winnebago, chairman of the committee which introduced the bill, took up an explanation by reading letters on expenditures by county and state officers and departments. Senator Wilson of Polk county started a running fire of cross-questioning-. In this he was joined by other members of the senate. By a vote of 9 to 34, the senate rejected an amendment by Senator C. A. Benson, Clayton, making the (Turn tn I'xe z. Column 5). SUPREME COURT REVERSES JUDGE CLARK'S RULING jovernment to Continue Its Enforcement Efforts. WASHINGTON, r. C., Feb. 24. /[) ' * --The eighteenth amendment vas sustained as valid today by he supreme court. Under the decision the government will continue its efforts to enÂ« "orce the Volstead law. The ruling was handed down in lie government's appeal from tho decision of Federal Judgo William Clark oC New Jersey, who held tha amendment invalid because improperly ratified. Judge Clark contended that to ba valid the amendment should hava )een submitted to state conventions r or ratification rather, than to state egislatures. Thia ,,view the court found untenable. Quuslied Indictment. When William H. Spraguo and iVilliam J. Howey were brot to trial before Judge Clark on n charge ot possessing and transporting 50 halÂ£ barrels of beer, ho quashed the indictment, holding- the prohibition amendment invalid. In an exhaustive opinion he tool* the position that as the eighteenth, amendment attempted to transfer to the federal government jurisdiction over rights reserved to the people it Khoulcl have been submitted to thÂ« state conventions for ratification. He held that its ratification by. atato legislatures was insufficient to make it effective. The government appealed at once. The stipreae court- expedited Â· tria proceedings, hearing oral arguments within a month, altho counsel toi the defendants sought approximately three months more time. Hughes Withdrew. Chief Justice Hughes withdrew from the case, stating he would take no part in its decision because he had filed a brief in a previous prohibition case, which, in his jurtg- nient, disqualified him from participating-. The controversy turned on the interpretation to be placed by tho court on article V of the constitution which provides that amend- nents shall be valid when ratified the legislatures of throe-fourths of the states or by conventions in three-fourths of the states "as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by congress. The government contended the anguage of the article was clear (Tnrii tn Pjigft 2. Column T ( . president both of tha; of another at Mount er in 1874. He was bank and Vernon. Surviving are his widow who is cnroute home from Boston, and four daughters, Mrs. Harold VanMetre of Berkeley, Cal., Mrs. Bradford Faxton of Boston, Mrs. Ray Mc- Conolgue of Los Angeles and Mra. MacFarland. Markets at a Glance NEW YOKK. Stocks strong; popular shares at new 1931 highs. Bonds irregular; fluctuate narrowly. Curb strong; governments heavy Butter weak. CHICAGO: Wheat easy; beneficial moisture and Increased stocks afloat. Corn lower; increased visible supply and small consuming demand. Cattle irregular. Hogs lower. Bureau Gives Warning ' of Freezing Weather in All Parts of Iowa DES MOINES, Feb. 24. (yP)--A warning that freezing temperatures may be expected thruout the state, tonight and Wednesday was issued by the local weather bureau today. Lower temperatures are expected over the entire state with the exception of the extreme southeastern portions. Freezing temperatures were v.- p.~rted in Sioux City and Davenport with 28 degrees, Des Moinea, 29, and Dubuque and Keokuk, 30. eal IOWA WEATHER Mostly fnir Tnesdny night and Wednesday; someivhat colder Wednesday except cxtrcnio southeast portion. LOCAL STATISTICS American Beet Sugar company weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morn" ing: iVIiiximum 4!) Aliovo Minimum .SO Above At 8 A. M. Tuesday 32 Abovo The temperature Monday cama near equalling the maximum for tha month, while Tuesday gave promisa of nt least equalling Monday's record.