The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 1, 1937 · Page 4
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February 1, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Monday, February 1, 1937
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Stale Street Telephone No- 3800 Entered as second-class mailer April 17, 1930. at the posl- ctllce at Mason Clly, Iowa, under 1he act of March 3. 1879. . MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively en- tilled to Ihe use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. Full leased wive service by United Press. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Dos Moines news and business ofiiccs at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason City and Clear by the year S7.00 by the week OUTSIDE MASON ClTlf AND CLEAR LAKE AND WITHIN 100 MILES OK MASON CITY Per year by carrier ....SI,00 By mail B moulhs Per week by carrier $ .IS By mall 3 monttis Per year by mall 5t-W By mail 1 month .... OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE IN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per Year. ..$6.00 six monIlls. ..53,25 Three months. IN ALL STATES OTHER TIIAN IOWA AND MINNESOTA Per yr. .55,00 R months..S4.50 ; months..S3.3D 1 monUi. Lake. .* .15 . .52.25 ..$1.=5 ..S .50 .-51.75 .5.1.00 The Hometown Paper S TEPHEN BOLLES, editor of the Janesville, Wis., Daily Gazette, stated the case for newspapers mighty well in the current Issue of the February Kiwanis Magazine. One point he makes is that ·newspapers are regional. There is · no national newspaper. Each ,must be designed and' built for the territory it serves. No outside newspaper is ever going to come in and take the p]ace_ of the weekly newspaper, or the small daily newspaper, which specializes in telling readers the who, what, when and why about their own neighbors. Only, of course, Mr. Bolles slates it very much more ef- FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MAItK BVEKS DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott fectively. "Newspapers," he writes, 'have fairly well de- lined meles and bounds. Look into the sky on a brilliant night. There are millions of slars, some small, some shining wilh a greater and more glorious brilliancy. Each is in its orbit or fixed in its place. It stays in its own area. Together they contribule to the illumination 'o£ the night. I£ you look at them through, a great telescope, each star shows a fringed edge or corona; so it is with newspapers. They have a center of brilliance, with light radiating until it is dissipated in the distance. "The national newspaper- passed away with the death of those national editorial figures who swept across the American horizon like a glorious comet or a burning meteor. Comets pass from view; me- · teors die and become cold. So did the editorial great. They had no successors. They were political leaders, partisan, vehement, of their times only. "Something else besides death had happened. Step by step, we had climbed the stairway of knowledge. We began to look into the human mind. We searched for the thought of the people. We learned that there was no substitute for news in a newspaper. We awakened to reality. The first newspaper had answered the call from a burdened, bedeviled, oppressed, unenlightened, regimented people. It did not come like a voice crying in Ihe Wilderness, b u t - a s a blast from a herald's horn. Town and castle, king and commoner, countryside heard. It blew them into a fever of mingled hate and fear and hope. It was an evangel, not a chronicle. 'It fought its own battle to be free, not only in its opinion but in its news. The people who had been aroused by opinion began to write their own editorials. They climbed to the judicial bench. They read the evidence in the facts presented. That was news. This revolution is still going on. "The national newspaper became a local paper. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE TO SATISFY GERMAN WANTS SEEN ALTHOUGH at this writing the matter is still in "· the stage of long-range maneuvering, it is now apparent that before long there will be an international conference of some sort, the objective o£ which will be to buy a German promise to keep the peace. The terms offered will include some colonial territory and rights in the markets of others, probably some financial assistance, and a general lei-down of trade barriers against German goods. But in order to obtain these benefits, a serious effort will be made to force Germany to accept some scheme of join guardianship of the peace of Europe--a new "Local-no" arrangement that will bind Herr Hitler to respect existing boundary lines, and take his territorial ambitions out in Africa or other lion-European regions. Herr Hitler is a good bargainer; he is forcing up the bid by rattling the saber-threat of his violent anti-communism. In Germany it is called defense of western civilization against Russian -.barbarism, and the German press is demanding that Germany be given back her colonies and be readmitted to markets and raw material resources, as a matter of justice and without any political strings. But Der Fuehrer is too smart a man to believe this is possible. The choice before him is to accept what is offered, at the best price he can get, or take the risk of eventually getting more desirable and valuable territory in Europe--by war, and if he can win a far to get them. As we have said above, all of this is in'the wind--but it is still far from fruition. The discussion of political terms will continue lor some time to come. It is manifestly out of the question that Germany can get all she wants without political strings attached. In fact, her very insistence that there be no political strings is in itself the indirect attachment of a German political string, The price France and England are asking of Germany is membership in a joint keep-the-peace agreement and respect for European treaty boundaries. Germany wants to sign separate peace agreements dith each of her neighbors. Obviously, that is not the same thing as a joint peace plan--a Locarno. It would permit Germany to play one nation against another: France against Russia, Poland against Czecho-Slovakia, etc. France and Britain fear what would come of that, and Der Fuehrer. knows it; that is why he keeps the separate agreement talk strongly to the fore. By so doing he may reasonably expect to get more in the way of colonial territory, markets and financial aid. * * * SITUATION BROUGHT ABOUT BY GERMAN MEDDLING. IN SPAIN T HIS situation has all been brought to a head, and very astutely, by Germany's meddling in Spain and the insistent threat o f - a European war that came of it. Yet the Spanish war, as a threat to European peace, seems now to be fading out of the picture. The war itself has reached something like a stalemate, and both Russia and the two fascist states realize that there can be no victory unless very substantial additional assistance is given their friends. Italy is not keen to do that, having her hands full with Ethiopia. Germany is in no position to do that, with her new military program not half completed. Russia fears to do that because she must keep, her forces free because of the threat in the far east. By common consent, through mutual fear of consequences, the Spaniards are to be left to cut their own throats without for- COPYRIGHT. 1937. CENTRAL PRESS ASSOC1ATl6W ' OBSERVING -1863) WA5 A MEMBER OF THE UNlfEP 5TATE SENr\TE HE £W FOR_ -IOUR-$ WHITTLING HEARTS FROrA SOF1" WOOP FOR. LADIES I N T H E B A L C O N I E S WAS A LErXPET?- INT-HE MOVEMENT" W f l l c H 6AINEP TEXA* INPEPENPENCE FKOKA M E X I C O , HE THEN SERVER |M Tt/E SENATE FROM THE NEW 5TATE-1Q46-1659. DIET and HEALTH Bj- LOGAN CLENDENING. M. D. PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING DIET T HIS idea of a diet, which I have named after my medical friend's remark, "pan passu" (with even pace, or with equal steps--not with sudden change or break from old habits), is not to reduce quickly, but more to keep a stationary weight. It gets away from the "fits and starts" system--gorging until your clothes get tight, and then starving drastically for a week or two. You'll begin to get results before long. It's hardly, noticeable, It paid more and more attention to what was hap- "^psaiag in Houston -ar-cHalstead street. - It s ave heed to the little viUages,~~harigirig like p'endants on the maps of railroad lines radiating from those metropolitan centers. The big city papers became conscious, just as the country weekly and the small-town daily had to Utters Corners and Pike Center." "Then General Felix Agnus of the Baltimore American met a young, ambitious, yellow-haired, German immigrant watch-maker named Mergenthaler. It was the burning bush of invention that changed the world's newspaper history. Then, too, clanking four-storied iron and steel monsters cail- ed printing presses gave way to the simplicities o£ mechanical perfection, lo join the typesetting machine that could do everything a printer would except chew tobacco and swear. "These mechanical marvels could be bought for little cities as well as the big ones. Press association reports were expanded and the news of the world, theretofore the monopoly of the metropolitan newspapers, came pouring into the small city. Over night the small city newspaper grew from a baby to a husky manhood. The circulation lies of yesterday became the actual, astonishing truths of today at the counter of the press. . . . "The hick town is gone. The radio and the automobile with .the newspaper served to transform it. The small city has/everything the big town has, including vice, in lesser proportions only. . It is acquainted with Hollywood, Radio City, and knows more; about political and social economy than a whole lot of the mortar' board wearers who pound the pavements of Pennsylvania avenue. It buys no gold bricks; it leaves that to the great city. It is as keen about fashions and is better dressed-both men and women;--than thousands you will see on a walk up Broadway from Twenty-third to Forty second street. It knows the best and newest books. . . . "The community newspaper is an integral part oC the family circle, a welcome guest, equally looked for at the kitchen as. well as at the front door. It is necessary to the family life, like the dog and the cat or the favorite horse or the pet lamb or the Bible or the mail order catalog or the letter from the boy in college. Every copy lias a given destination--to a subscriber who is a casli customer. In order to get subscribers the newspaper must have a soul. In order to have a soul it must be something more than a cold recitation of the day's news. There must be something in it like a friend]y handshake. Its worth is measured by the news it prints and how it is printed and not by the history it recites, it is true, but the measure also considers an intangible friendliness. . . . "It is harder to edit a community smalltown newspaper than it is to direct the editorial mid news policy of a metropolitan newspaper. That community newspaper must be clean, it must be happily welcomed by women and children. It should be purged of dirt and "breathe more than crime and disaster. It must be more .discriminating than the metronolitan newspaper, since the community newspaper does not sell itself to a transient people, but into the homes, the domiciles of its friends and neighbors. "This newspaper cannot eign intervention, and the. great threat of a red- \vhite European,war Jspjlrer for,the_present. This much is to be read info the actions of all the powers in the last few days. Russia, Italy and Germany have all given undertakings to keep men and munitions out of Spain, provided the other powers all will do the same. France has authorized the government to take legal steps to prevent volunteers reaching Spain; England has revived an old statute of the VO's to the same end. It remains only for the non-intervention committee to set up controls that will enforce the agreements of all the powers by some sort of international guard set on the Spanish frontiers and seaports. And that should be easy. It could have been done at any time in the past six months, were it not for the belief of the dictator states and the Russians that by sending troops and munitions to Spain, a white or a red dictatorship might be established. Now that this hope appears futile, the neutrality agreement made early in the game, but never enforced, has at last a chance. . When the replies-.of Borne and Berlin reached London, pledging real neutrality if Eussia and France would do the same, the British foreign office must have breathed deep in relief. Civilization has been walking on the very edge ol the precipice. Incidentally, it is interesting to see what brought the dictators grumbling into line. It was, in essence, the frank statement of the British government, after months of trimming, that if Germany landed troops in Morocco, Britain would regard it as an act of war. That meant that Britain and France stood solidly together, despite, the German efforts to break up the Franco-Russian alliance, and the Anglo-French "understanding." Hitler's advisers entertained the hope that the "understanding" was flimsy, that Britain really would stand aside if France were attacked. As soon as it was made plain that Britain would not, solution of the but your friends "Haven't you lost weight?" will say, a lot of EARLIER DAYS IN MASON CITY T ,srJs «affi- afford to have any circulation turnovers. If someone stops the paper, we must investigate arid find out why, and if the reason is valid and based on good, sense, the error must be corrected. These subscribers must find in the small-town newspaper a place to speak their piece. It must be the true voice of the people. It must have a sympathy and a helpfulness for all." Some of the big city journalistic brethren haven't been sold on this idea. A few labor under the idea that most of the world's really worthwhile news is chronicled by newspapers with circulation expressible in 6 digits. Mr. Bolles knows, by experience on such newspapers as well as in the country field, that this is not true. And the daily newspaper which seeks to elevate itself: by belittling the need or the importance of the country .\yeekly deserves the failure its efforts along this ; line will inevitably bear. Spanish difficulty became surprisingly easy. There's no use crying over split milk---but one wonders what would have happened in August, 1914, if the British had made their position in support of France clear before mobilization began, and the Germans had invaded Belgium. Probably historians will never agree, but few can dismiss as unimportant Lord Grey's long period of temporization, that permitted Germany to believe that England would, not fight. WILL EXPECT UNCLE SAM TO MAKE SOME CONTRIBUTION "DETUHNING to the subject of international con- ·" ferences to re-establish peace and peaceful commercial relations, it is probably good guess that when the European powers get together to disgorge some of the war loot lor Germany, Uncle Sam will be expected to lake a hand and make some conlributions to the general welfare. The visit o£ Sir Walter Runeiman, president of the British board of trade, to President Roosevelt and Secretary Morgenthau makes that guess almost a certainty. Sir Waller is tiie British equivalent- of our secretary of commerce. He is a great financial authority in London. He is also an old friend of Mr. Roosevelt's but it is not conceivable that he just came over for n social call. A good guess at whal proposition will be put up lo the- United States is that it will include a settlement of the war debts at next to nothing on the dollar, in return for a favorable trade agreement with England, and opening of German markets. Stabilization of world currencies may also be offered, and this country will be invited to lower its tariff barriers in the general interest. Something of this kind is in the wind, and one could wish' that Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Hull were a little less internationally idealistic than they have seemed to be. It looks like a take-all-give-nolhing sort of arrangement, in which the other powers get something tangible, and the United States gets credit for having done.a great and unselfish deed. We have had such "moral victories" before, and know how quickly the shouts of European approval oC our generosity die down after they have swept up our chips. The general principle 'on which this pari passu diet is founded is very simple. Overweight people _do not take as much, exercise, for *|"obvious reasons, as thin people and, therefore, do not need so many calories in the diet. If you cut down, then, on certain articles that have concentrated nourishment, you tend to stay _ _, , . stationary or lose slightly. Dr. Clendcmmg Fol . i ns t arlce bread and butter. If you eat a slice of bread of average size at each meal, wilh an average amount of butter, those items add 200 calories apiece to your total intake. In all, 600 calories a day. Or by weight about 60 pounds of bread and 20 pounds of butter a year. In actual practice this would lose 80 pounds a year simply by abstaining from bread and butter. But i£ the rest of the food intake remains the same, there would be quite a loss. The fact is, in practice your appetite urges you to make up_ some of the loss from the bread and butter by eating other things. But still i£ you abstain from bread and butter, articles which nearly everyone likes and eats too much of, you tend to cat more temperately and the total intake is reduced. Here is Tuesday's diet, printed.the night before so the housekeeper can be prepared: BREAKFAST--Small glass of orange juice (Vitamin C); one egg, any style; one-half slice toast, with butter (50 calories); coffee with half a lump of sugar and an eye-dropper of cream. LUNCH--One-half cup chicken salad (100 calories); four soda crackers (100 calories); glass of milk (100 calories). DINNER--Clear consomme soup (no calories) with two crackers (50 calories); mutton, one slice only, one-eighth of an inch thick and about the size of a small envelope (100 calories, protein) with gravy (another 100 calories); Brussels sprouts (as much as you like, you can't eat more than 50 calories of sprouts, about a pint cupful, but look out for butter sauce that goes with them); one slice of bread and enough butter (50 calories); ice cream, heaping tablespoon (100 calories); coffee or tea with half a lump of sugar and eyedropper of cream (25 calories). Thirty Years Ago-Leo Joiner of St. Paul is in the city for a visit wilh relatives. A. B. Klee of Dubuque spent the past few days visiting in the city. Mrs. W. W. Goodykoontz left'loday for Huron, S. Dak., where she will visit relatives. · The coldest night of the year was experienced in North Iowa Monday night when the thermometer went down to 18 below zero and seemed glad o£ the chance. Old prophets say the backbone of the winter is broken and that last night exhibited the high mark. Everybody, even Ihe coal men, will hope Ihey are right. Edna Hughes has returned to Madison Wis., where she has resumed her school work following a, visit in the city. · · - · · ' i . H. N. Gnam of Carroll is visiting friends in the city. Twenty Years Ago-Eighteen Cerro Gordo county farmers left last night for Ames to attend the short course which is in session at Iowa State college this week. MADISON, Wis.--Wisconsin lost its first basketball game in four years on the home floor when Chicago clearly outplayed the Badgers and virtually dropped them from the conference championship race by a score o£ 21 to 13. E. M. Zeiger of Garner was a caller in the city yesterday. Ernest Green of North English is a business visitor in the city today. LeHoy Igou has returned from a few days' visit with friends at Fort Dodge. Good Index to What Constitules News suppose just about every newspaperman has his own of what constitutes news. But R. A. Jorgenson o£ the Klemme Times just about ran the gamut last week when he invited readers to telephone him when ever somebody has-Died. Eloped. Married. Divorced. Embezzled. Absconded. Left Town. Made Good. Had a Fire. Enlerlained. Had a Baby. Been Honored. Sold His Farm. Been Arresled. Come to Town. Were Promoted, Had a Fortune. Had a Birthday. Cracked a Safe. Killed an Officer. Robbed a Church. Met With Success. Committed Suicide. Had Good Fortune. Had a Marriage Anniversary. --o-Prof. Bohumil Shtmek Tramped This Locality flSHX doubt if there was another 'fjjrjr person in Iowa who knew ^^ the region about Mason City more intimately than Prof Bohumil Shimek of the University of Iowa. This little item is prompted by his death a few days ago. It was, I presume, his. marriage to Anna Konvalinka which introduced him to this locality. Foi years and years he made periodical trips here for the purpose o" collecting flora specimens for th botany department at the University of Iowa, headed by him for a long period. Before I knew Mason City ' knew about the swamp! which bi sects the present American Legion golf course. (This was the ancien' Winnebago river bed, of course.' Professor Shimek believed and often stated that no like area in Iowa was so rich in flora. Thi fauna and the geology assets alsi commended this region to him fo study. He knew much of the fos sil deposits in the claybank southeast of Mason City, loo. In the early days of the Ameri can Legion golf course I met him one morning heading toward hi beloved swampland. We pausei for a half hour's chat, during th course of which he told me tha the very plot o£ land on which w slood, a very narrow strip in th southeasternmost corner of th golf course, was one q£ this local ity's few bits of virgin prairie. In a brief few minutes he ha called my attention to a numbe £ most interesting facts about the egetalion there present--facts lat I'd walked over numerous imes without recognizing. He saw nature's beauteous wonders ev- rywhere. He was a great scientist, a great spokesman for the Bohemian race, a great American citin en, a great Christian. --o-- 'axi Company Shows That M Can Be Done AI^ have learned about a large jg^ taxicab company in Chica-" go that has completed its ourth year ol operation without a ingle passenger fatality. In this period, the taxi fleet has carried more than 63,000,000 passengers learly 167,000,000 miles. The pres- dent o£ the company attributes he fine safely record to the trailing of the drivers and the con- truction o£ the purpose-built cabs. Commercial drivers -- such as axi drivers and truck drivers-- .ake their driving seriously--and :heir safety records certainly show t. They are much more careful han private car drivers apparently. The national safety council says driving is serious business. When more than 37,000 p e r s o n s are ·ulled in traffic accidents . in one year--it's high time for all motor- sts to take their driving seriously. If all drivers would do this, it would be a different story. Let's make it a different story during 1937 by reducing traffic fatalities. It can be done. Drive and walk carefully at all times. --o-"Corn Is Kinc" Had Oriffln Back In 1884 ggs^am grateful to an Algona jijfei reader who rccenlly in- ·--*^ quired o£ Frederic J. Haskin,. director of the Globe-Gazette's information bureau, about the origin o£ the expression, "Corn Is King." She wanted to know when and where it first,appeared in print and Mi'. Haskin replied as follows: "In a booklet entitled 'Corn, Its Origin, History, Uses and Abuses,' by Robert W. Furnas, 188G, we find the following information about the expression 'Corn Is King.' "Mr. Furnas was commissioner representing the president of the United States and in charge of the _ Nebraska exhibit at the world's' industrial and cotton centennial exposition at New Orleans in 1884 and 1885. Over the Nebraska building he put up a banner wilh the words 'Corn Is King.' "This was challenged by the wheat, cotton, sugar and tobacco states. He 'was supported by Orange Judd of the Prairie Farm-, er and the phrase became common. "There may have been earlier uses of the phrase, but we have not been able to find them." I f r l" ?i'l Answers to Questions By FltEDEIlIC J. 1IASKIN" Ten Years Ago-Max Cpffey, sports editor of the Globe-Gazette, left last night for Chicago where he will be married to Miss Dora Heath, daughter of Mrs. A. L. Heath of Wilmette, 111. ^ John V. Eppel of Boone, who has been selecled to conduct an all-year band in Mason City, was here today to sign the contract between the city and himself to direct the band. Mr. Eppel is the composer of the famous "Missouri Waltz." Mrs. Cecil Mitchell has returned from a few months' visit in California and Colorado. Ed Donahue and family have returned to their home at Scotsgard, Sask., Canada, after visiting relatives near and in Mason City, ALL OF US By M A R S H A ! . ] . M A S ! . I N NOTE--A rcaitr call f c l the aiuivtr to »"5" question nt fact by the aianon City Globe-Gazette's I n f o r m a t i o n Kurcau, Frederic J. lias- Director. WaiuiLigton, D. C. I'lcise send three (:! cents pnstape for reply. Were more books copj'iftlited ist year than the year before? C. R', Entries for WASHING THE WINDOWS ON BOTH SIDES W HEN I WAS a boy I had a job in a library. I was supposed to sweep the floor, dust the Total, about 1,200 calories. You shouldn't be | Jm . nUln . e , arrall g e the books on the shel'ves,' keep hungry on this. What is your weight? TOMORROW By CLARK KI.NNAIRD the furnace going and wash the windows. I did it all iairiy well except washing those windows. In the two years I was there I never Notable Births--Fritz Kreisler, b. 1875 in Austria, violinist. He intended originally to be a surgeon . . . Jascha Heifetz, b. 1901 in Russia, perhaps Kreisler's greatest rival as the world's No. 1 violinist . . . Mrs. Josephine Murphy Culbertson, b. 1001, wife of the self celebrated Ely. She taught her husband how to play bridge! . . . Henry Havelock Ellis, b. 1859, English philosopher and sex psychologist, whose principal works are banned in Eng- ladn. Yet Very Hev. W. R. Inge calls him "not only one of our most original thinkers but one o[ our best writers" . . . James Stephens and James Joyce, celebrated Irish novelists, born the same day in Dublin in 1882. One sentence in Joyce's masterpiece, Ulysses, has more than 12,000 words! Feb. 2, 1863--Samuel Langhorne Clemens first used the pseudonym Mark Twain on a contribution published in the Virginia City, Nevada, Enterprise, for which he was a reporter. In his Mississippi river days Clemens had known of a pilot named Isaiah Sellers who wrote stories for the New Orleans Times-Picayune under the by-line of Mark Twain. Upon hearing of the death o£ Sellers, Clemens adopted the nom-de-plume as his own. did get them completely · clean. I mean I didn't get them all washed on both sides at the same time. One Saturday I'd get them washed on the inside, but nobody knew that because they were still dirty on the outside. . . . I'd skip the next Saturday, but the Saturday after that I'd get a bucket of water, some rags and a ladder and make a try at the outside and get them all clean and shining. But by that time the insides of the windows would be all finger marked and dirty--and I'd have a hard time convincing the librarian that I had ever worked on those windows. I£ I'd asked for "references" when I quit that job, she could have written truthfully ot me: "He was n very good janitor, and when he swept he didn't skimp the corners--but he's rather weak on window washing." Feb. 2, 1876--The first baseball league was organized. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--Whatsoever Ihy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might.-- Ecclesiasles !):10. Samuel Butler, who wrote "The Way of All Flesh," once bemoaned the fact that he had never in all his life been "a swell all around." If he had a new coat his hat was shabby, if his hat was new his shoes needed polishing, if his clothes were new his hair needed cutting. Always something was wrong. Always there was a weak spot in his get-up. Samuel Butter was like that wilh his clolhes. I was like that with those windows. . . . Most of us are like that with ourselves, with our habits. The man who is careful with his money may be careless with his friends. A woman who is honest and frank in her speech may be a little harsh in her judgment of people. The youth who, loves ai"good time" may give a "bad time" to h'is friends. We wash our windows on one side, let the other side . Some day I may meet a man who is perfect all go. around. If T ever do, I'll start a campaign to get him into museum, or I'll organize excursions to his home, Has Italy iv theater exclusively for the working class? F. G. The Theater Salurday was designed by the government to provide opera, plays and musical comedies at low prices. Ten cents is the top price and tsvo cents the minimum. No one is admitted who earns more than $40 a month. How long- was Texas a republic? H. H. From 1836 to 1845. Why is The Bowery In New York so called? H. G. Its original name, the. Bouwerie, was derived from the estates of the governor, Peter Stuyvesant, whose farm and orchards, embracing the region lying about the upper part, were called the Great Bouwerie. Was (lie plot of Romeo and Jii- licl used before Shakespeare wrote the play? L. T. The theme of the play, is traced to one o£ the oldest works o£ Greek prose fiction, "The Ephe- siaca" or "The Loves of Anthin and Abroomas" by Xenophon of Ephesus, who is believed to have lived about A. D. ISO. Are there floating masses of weeds in the White Nile? C. II. Sudd is the name given to floating masses of water weeds which do form obstructions in the White Nile. Sometimes these weeds consolidate into blocks a mile long and some 20 feet thick. Who received the medal for outstanding service to children for the year? W. H. This medal, awarded annually by "The Parents Magazine," was presented to Dr. Allen Roy Dafoe What Is the history of the soup "The Sweetest Story Ever Told?' E. R. In 1884 Robert Morrison Stulls resigned as musical instructor ir the Long Branch, N. J. high schoo and moved to Baltimore, Md. where he opened a piano and shoe musi'- business. For some time he had been obsessed with the idea of writing a popular sentiments ballad. Mira Mirella, a comi opera star, was in search of sucl a song and Mr. Stults promised i write one for her. Going home on evening his wife, who had been reading "The Birds Christma Carol," remarked--,"Well, that' the .sweetest story ever!" He im mediately supplied the word toll and in two hours the song wa finished. Its success was instan taneous. Where Is Dinosaur nationa monument? II. W. Seven miles from Jensen, Utah in Dinosaur National park. Trans continental route number 40 lead In Ihe park. The museum and par will be administered by the na tional nark service. copyrighl for the iscat year ending June 30, 193(5, vas 135,362. The previous year bowed 142,031. How much sold and silver went uto industrial consumption In U. !. last year? T. G. Figures for 1336 are not yet vailable. In 1935,. the figures-- ubject to revision--were: Gold, 25,929,437; silver, 41,192,023 fine iunces. Where is the sword surrendered ly Santa Anna, at San Jacinto in 836? J. H. When Santa Anna was captured and brought before Houston he vas dressed as a private soldier and had no arms. How are lighthouse tenders named? E. F. Since 18BS lighthouse tenders · nave been named atter flowers, rces and plants. The Orchid, Vioet, Jasmine, Crocus, Ivy and Wil- oxv are typical names. When was the Venus de Ulilo 'omul? A. R. Found in 1820 on the Island of Welos, Greece. Of patients discharged from a uberculosis sanatorium, wliat per cent Jive five years? M. P. Taking a survey of Trudeau sanatorium of reports from 1917 to 1931, after five years 84 per cent were alive; after 10 years 78 per cent were living; and after 15 years 75 per cent were alive. BIG ANNUAL EVENTS No matter where you are going --cast or west--north or south-on business or pleasure--any time of the year--you should have this fine booklet which tells about the big a n n u a l event in each slate in the union. Few people know what they really are. A page for every state wilh beautiful illustrations in roto lints and ample descriptive te.xl. Sencffor copy today. Ten cents, postpaid. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the mooklet, "Annual Events." Name Street City Stale (Mail lo Washington, D. C.y

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