Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 1, 1937 · Page 3
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Monday, February 1, 1937
Page 3
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 1 · 1937 .THREE EXPLORING THE HISTORY OF IOWA UNIT FOUR By JOHN ELY BRIGGS AGRICULTURE This is the twenty-third story iu this scries of explorations into the history of Io\va. Another agriculture topic will appear in this paper next week. 3. Hay The stolid oxen slowly pulled the clumsy covered wagon up the winding road west ot Oubuque. At last they reached a hilltop. Jacob Vandemark turned out by the roadside and gazed spellbound at the vast Iowa prairie "stretching away as far as he could see. it was a magnificent view. Tears of happiness filled the eyes of this typical pioneer at the sight of thfc strangest, sternest, "most wonderful thing in the world"--the lown prairie. "It was like a great green sea," wrote Herbert Quick, looking through the eyes of Vandemark. The spring grass \v;is begimii-ng to show through the brown sod of the uplands. "The swales were coated thick with an emerald growth full-bite high, and in the deeper, wetter hollows grew cowslips, already showing their glossy, golden flowers." On the hillsides pasque flowers were beginning to show their furry coats, and a few violets gave promise of making the sunny slopes as blue as the sky. "Standing higher than the peering grass, rose the rough-leafed stalks of green which would soon show us the yellow puccoons and sweet-williams and scarlet lilies and shooting slars, and later the yellow rosin-weeds, Indian dye- flowcr and goldenrod. The keen northwest wind swept before it a flock of white clouds; and under the clouds went their shadows, walking over the lovely hills like dark ships over an emerald sea." Grass, grass everywhere! For miles and miles the rolling land lay carpeted with thick turf. Millions of flowers made patterns of color as brilliant and mysterious ns the designs in an oriental rug. The tall grass flashed in the bright sunlight as it waved in the summer breeze. No wonder the pioneers gasped in amazement ·when they saw the prairie for the first time. A boundless pasture waited for their herds. The early settlers broke the sod for their field, crops and turned their horses and cattle out on the prairie to graze. Domestic stock wandered over, the unfenced nat- _ural meadow, much as deer, buf- "falo, and elk had done for centuries before the farmers came. Pioneer boys usually spent the long summer days herding the cattle to keep them from straying loo far or getting into the grain fields. Horses and cattle thrived on the wild grass of the prairie. They fattened because there was plenty Jo_eat. Their coats were glossy. " Farmers cut wild grass and dried it for hay to be fed in the winter. It made good forage. The stock liked it. Wild hay was nutritious and not likely to be dusty. During the early years of settlement nobody sowed grass seed for pasture or meadow. The general cultivation of tame hay did not begin for many years. As the population of eastern Iowa increased, more and more of Hie prairie was broken and put into grain crops. The native grass disappeared, except in the low lands and along streams. Where the prairie was pastured too closely the blue stem and other good grasses died out and weeds began to flourish. Moreover, much of the rough land in southern and northeastern counties eroded badly and had to be restored to pasture and meadow. While the prairie was still untouched in central and western Iowa, farmers in the older parts began to sow timothy and other tame grasses. Timothy, the best of our meadow grasses, was named for Timothy Hansen, who cultivated it in North Carolina about 200 years ago. Experiments were made with other grasses, both native and European, but farmers did not take much interest in improving the quality ot their hay. No one in Iowa tried to domesticate the better prairie grasses. Red clover and blue grass were often mixed with.timothy for pastures, and a l i t t l e Hungarian m i l l e t was raised for hay but it never became popular. In 18(i5 a committee of the slate This map, made liy the agricultural experts at Ames, shows \vhcre hay is raised in Iowa. agricultural society studied hay production in Iowa. They were astonished to learn that the crop that year would amount to over a million tons worth five million dollars. The wheat crop of the state was no more valuable, and at that time Iowa was one of the half dozen most important wheat raising states in th Union. Five years later the hay crop was approaching two million tons. "When it is remembered that wheat is grown at vast expenditure of labor and money," concluded the committee, "while hay grows almost spontaneously, or is produced with little exertion; that this crop grows better and better under tillage and fertilization; that it does not exhaust the soil, and rarely fails a sure crop; then its comparative value may be more readily perceived. "The introduction o£ sheep was requiring more pasture and the cultivation of grass. And yet the committee regretted that so little was known about hay making. While-farmers continued to devote most of their attention to grain and slock raising, the hay crop steadily increased. Timothy was the standard grass for both meadow and pasture. As dairying developed, more acres were used for pasture. Most of the tame hay was fed at home. In the northwestern part of the state prairie grass was cut for hay. Thousands of tons of this wild hay were shipped ever.*.year from Bancroft. Algona, Rolfe, and other towns. As late- as 1895 Iowa produced over a million and a quarter tons of wild hay valued at nearly six million dollars. The total hay crop that year was worth over 28 million dollars. Within a few years, however, most of (he wild prairie land was plowed up and used for grain fields. Only a few small patches oC unbroken sod remained in low places too wet for cultivation. Wild hay almost disappeared from the fowa niarkel. The time came when our farmers did not raise enough hay Coi- their own use. Only one- tenth of the farm area is used for hay. From about eight million ton in 1905, production dropped to three million tons in 1911 and has averaged less than five millioi. tons since then. The value of the crop has increased, however, reaching the peak of 95 million dollars in 1919. For many years Iowa farmers have been mafrily interested in raising corn to fatten hogs and cattle. In their zeal to make more money, many of their land. Year them, "mined a tier- year iiiey used up the fertility ot the scvl. The rain washed gullies in hillsides Had bare by the plow, and the good black earth was carried away by the streams. Dwindling yields commanded attention at last. Grass is again taking possession of the steeper slopes, and corn fields are occupied by soil-enriching legumes. Clover, sweet clover, alfalfa, and soy beans capture ni- trogene from the air and put it in the ground. And meanwhile they furnish rich forage for the livestock. Red clover is the most common legume. By 1880 it was important enough to be listed separately from other hay crops. Henry Wallace, more than any one else, was probably responsible for teaching Iowa farmers to raise more red clover. He was always praising it as a feed and a soil improver. For all purposes it is the best of the legume crops. The story of sweet clover is far more romantic. Only a short time ago it was poinled out as a troublesome weed, all the bigger nuisEuice for growing so vigorously in spite of all sorts ot discouragement. The best that any one would say for it was that a patch would make good bee pasture. Finally, however, its value as a soil improving crop was discovered. The seed was cheap. Farmers began to substitute it for red clover. Then cattle anc hogs got /at on it. Now it has become a popular hay crop. An Iowa seed firm that sold 18 bags oi sweet clover seed in 1016 sold 18 carloads ten years later. fnetrest in alfalfa began about 25 years ago. It was raised successfully on the hills along the Missouri river, but did not thrive elsewhere in Iowa. A f t e r many trials the Agricultural Experiment station at Ames discovered t h a t the seed had to be inoculated and t h a t iime had to be spreu.t on the land in about two-thirds of ihe state. Since then the raising of nl- .falfa has steadily increased. Unlike a l f a l f a , soy beans will grow anywhere. This is a sure crop Seeded any time through a perioc of several weeks, a good cror of hay can be cut before frost. Soy bean hay is almost as good as falfa. If hay is not wanted, the beans can be harvested and ground for feed or sold for the oi that is in them. Like other legumes they also restore the fertility of the soil. Yet with all this recent progress, the cultivation of legumes is only beginning. Activity Hints. 1. Write an essay explaining how tc make hay. 2. Have a debate about the kin Personal manager: A broker who sells your services and lakes 10 per cent of the money and 00 per cent of the credit.. -- .Cedar Rapid.s Gazelle. AT THAT FIRST SNEEZE, sniffle, or any irritation in the nose--Nature's usual warning that a cold threatens--don't delay a moment. .. QUICK! A FEW DROPS nf Vicks Va-tro-nn) up each nostril. It is expressly designed for nose and upper throat, where most colds start. IT S-P-R-E-A-D-S through this trouble zone, aiding and gently stimulating Nature's defenses. Used in time, it helps to prevent many colds. 'fl QUICKLY REKEVES "STUFFY HEAD." If neglected irritation has led to a stufied-up nose, Va-tro-nol relieves irritation, reduces the swollen membranes, and clears the clogging mucus. It lets you breathe again. Veens VA-TRO-NOL of hay crop a farmer should raise 3. Fjnd out all you can abou .he cullivalion of legumes in you counly or neighborhood. Next week: "Hogs." GIRL CONFESSES KIDNAPING HOAX Committed to Reformatory but Later Paroled to Woman Doctor. SPIRIT LAKE, (.I 1 ) -- M e r u b lean Warner, 14 year old Spirit '..ake girl who admitted concoct- ng a kidnaping hoax here last summer, was free Monday on parole to Dr, Huth Wolcotl ot Spirit Lake. The girl, following a confession Saturday, was ordered committed to the Milchelville girls' reformatory on charges of juvenile delinquency, but Judge George Hcalcl subsequently p a r o l e d Merub Jean to Dr. Woleott. Authorities said the kidnaping hoax involved the disappearance of Bobby, 18 months old son ot Mr. and Mrs. Frank Dare. Merub Jean, a sister o£ Mrs. Dare, had been living with the Dares in the summer colony along Spirit Lake. On July 15 Merub Jean, left to cave for Bobby, reported two men forced her to give them $11 and kidnaped the baby. Two hours later, however, excited searchers found the baby sleeping peace- f u l l y i n ' a garage near the Dare home. Two men were arrested shortly after the purported abduction, and Merub Jean positively identified one man as one of the kidnapers. Authorities said that twice during the summer of 1935 Merub Jean said she had been held up by robbers in the Dare home. Tired Out 3oy Tries to Stop Dogs From Fighting; Is Bitten on Ankle BRISTOW--Douglas Duffield, 14, was bitten on the ankle as he tried to separate his dog and another dog which were fighting. Douglas fell down on the slippery ground and it is thought the dog bit him accidentally. He was h u r - ried to a physician who gave him a preventative treament and dressed the"~ankle wound. This litfle flooil refugee, in (lie arms of her sister, lias surrendered to sleep aTlcr a hot meal Riven her in the market Auditorium, Wheeling, West Virginia. She had been driven from her home liy the raging Ohio river. Itccovcriiiff From Lockjaw. MITCHELL--Henry Roby, who has been suffering from lockjaw at his home north of town, caused by a cut on one of his h a n d s while putting chains on his car, is reported improving satisfactorily. 300 Attend Birthday Ball Held in Garner GARNF.R--Three hundred persons attended the president's birthday ball held Saturday night at the Garner opera house in charge ot Don Roe, chairman R. J. Frilsch was master ot ceremonies. Following the president's address, there was a floor show by local lalenl which included a novelty skit by Francis Walsh and Donald Missal; dance numbers by Patty Belhkc. Mary Mildred Daniels, Dorothj Missal and Muriel Stille; Val Slille song and dance; June Slille anc Mary Reinig duel; music by the Katter trio. Mrs. Chester Stille, chairman tor the floor show, played the accompaniments. Approximately $GO was cleared above expenses. Want City Manager Form in Fort Dodge - FORT DODGE, (fP)--Petitions asking that a special city election be called to vote on the proposal for changing the present commission form of government to the city manager plan were placed in circulalion in Fort Dodge Saturday. Railroad Fireman Is Killed at Maxon ALB1A, (.P)--James Pluyzinski of Oltumwa, Burlington railroad fireman, was killed at Maxon, Iowa, when he leaned from a locomotive cab and his head struck a water lower along the track. Engineer E. M. Epperson o5 Ottumwa said the fireman was looking for a hot box. Huffer Is Band Director. KANAWHA--Clark Huffer, music instructor in the public schools, has been oppointed director of the Kanawha band. T. E. Reynolds, who has held this position for several years, recently resigned: ONE CENT A BAY PAYS UP TO $100 A MONTH The Postal Life and Casually Insurance Co. 1056R Poslal Lite Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., is offering a new accidenl policy that pays up to $100 a month for 24 monlhs for total disability and up to $1,000.00 for deaths--costs less than le a day--?3,50 a year. More than 200,000 have already bought this policy. Men, women and children eligible. Scud no money. Simply send name, nd- ciress, age. beneficiary's name and relationship and they will send this policy on 10 days' FREE inspection. No medical examination is required. No agent will call. This offer is limited, so write the company todav. Tun* In on Hie "Postal rsriy" Sal. "WHO, tll::(." f. m.--KMOX. HI p. m. L Northwood Pastor Is Honored by 200 at Farewell Reception NORTHWOOD--The Rev. J. W. Ylvisaker, who has served as pastor oi the Northwoori Lutheran church and the Shell Rock Lutheran church two miles west of Northwood joinlly for the past 10 years, preached his farewell sermons Sunday and on Tuesday, with his vvife and their little daughter, will leave for Minneapo-r lis where he will serve as pastor o£ Our Saviour's Lutheran church. A farewell reception attended by more than 200 of his parishioners was given Mr. and Mrs. Ylvisaker last week and a g i f t of cash \va.$ presented as an expression of the goodwill of their many frineds here. The Rev. A. J. foln of Omaha has accepted a call to the pastorate of ihe two Northwood congregations being left vacant by the resignation of Mr. Ylvisaker and expects to arrive on the field not later than May 1, 1937, or earlier if he can got his release from the Omaha pastorale he is now serving. The Rev. Mr. Tolo is a graduate o£ Luther college, Decorah; Luther Theological seminary SI. Paul; and has also taken training in the MacPhail School of Music, Minneapolis; and in the University of Minnesota. Since his ordination he also spent one year in Norway studying at Frederick University of Oslo and the Independent Theological Seminary in Norway. Most jobs are like answering a letter. The longer you put it off, the less important it seems.--Ke- \vance Star-Courier. Mild) ripe home-grown and ... aged three years .. outstanding cigarette . q p H O U S A N D S of casks JL of mild, ripe tobacco are stored away in these modern Chesterfield warehouses, where for three long years they become milder and mellower. Ageing improves tobacco aromatic Turkish tobaccos . make Chesterfield an milder and better-tasting. just like it improves fine wine. Nothing else can take the place of mild, ripe tobacco. Nothing can take the place of three years of ageing if you want to make a cigarette that is milder aiid better-tasting. CofrtfsKf

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