Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 19, 1934 · Page 11
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 11

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Monday, March 19, 1934
Page 11
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5IARCH 19 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE ELEVEN EXPLORING THE HISTORY OF IOWA By JOHN ELY BRIGGS UNIT NO. 6-HOW INDUSTRIES HAVE GROWN This is the twenty-eighth ven- ' ture in the series of 36 explorations into the history of Iowa. One topic will appear in this paper each Monday during the school year. 1. To Learn About Mining. The agile little French Canadian guided his light canoe into the mouth of Catfish Creek. Leaping out on the sandy beach, he lifted a bundle from the bow and strode up the path to the wickiup of Kettle Chief. The busy squaws .smiled as the friendly Frenchman passed, for Little Night 'as they called him was no 'stranger at the Fox village. .The chief was pleased with the ·presents he brought, and it is said that the heart of an Indian girl danced with joy at the 'sight of this charming white ' man. It was Julien Dubuque. For more than 20 years, until the time of his death in 1810, Dubuque lived with the Foxes on Catfish Creek. He liked the Indians and they liked .him. But what attracted him ·more was the lead in the crevices of the limestone. The In- .dians let him dig all he wanted .and kept other white men .away. With pickaxe, hoe, and shovel a few half-breeds and squaws dug chunks of ore out of the sides of the hills and carried the mineral in baskets to a furnace where it was melted into bars or pigs. In the spring and fall Dubuque went to St. Louis with two or three boat loads of lead which he exchanged for supplies and goods to trade with the Indians. Nobody knows how much lead Dubuque mined. When Zebulon Pike, the explorer, asked him in 1805 what was the yearly production of his diggings, the cautious Frenchman replied, "20,000 to 40,000 pounds." It was probably more than that. But after Dubuque .died, the Indians would not let .any one work the lead mines in Iowa. / Before the Black Hawk Pur- .chase'was opened, for settlement, however, the miners were so eager to begin work at Dubuque's diggings that they crossed the Mississippi too soon. Soldiers drove them out. But on June 1, 1833, back they came to stay. The period from 1835 to 1855 was the most active in lead production. As much as three million pounds was mined in 1839, and in 1854 nearly three times that much was extracted. During those early years, lead mining was more important around Dubuque than farming. Even then, however, if the labor of lead digging U A DUBUQUE LEAD MINE , "had been expended on the surface of the ground, about six inches deep/' said one observer, the people would have been better off. Gradually the lead deposits were exhausted and mining ceased to be profitable. Though some of the old lead mines were reworked for zinc, the production of those minerals came to an end about 20 years ago. Lead production had almost ceased before coal mining in Iowa became an important industry. The early settlers found" layers of coal in the sides of the hills where rivers had cut through the rock. But wood was more plentiful, easy to get, and cleaner to use for fuel. Coal was a curiosity to be laid on the mantle. About 1840 a few steamboats began to burn coal and mines were opened close to the Des Moines and Mississippi rivers in Van Buren and Scott counties. Coal was also in demand by blacksmiths. Though most of it was used in the neighborhood of the mines, some was hauled long distances in wagons. Jeffersor county supplied coal of gooc quality to several Mississippi river towns. But coal mining developed very slowly in the period before the Civil war. The early mining in Iowa was simple. In some places where the coal was near the surface, the overlying dirt and rock was scraped away and the coal dug out like stone from a quarry. Elsewhere the miner; followed a seam into the side of a hill. Mule-powered gin were used to hoist the coal in small shaft mines. The railroads provided no' only a means of transporting Iowa coal but also a market for it. The first line was completed across the state ii 1867, and the production o: coal increased fifty per cen that year. As the network of rails spread out in all direc tions, the demand for coal in- creased. In 1875 production exceeded a million tons. In 1882 ;he increase over the previous year was almost a million tons. Jp and up the figures climbed until the peak was reached in 1917 at nine million tons. While the railroads still use enormous quantities, power plants, factories, and heating iurnaces also devour it by the carload. In recent years, however, production has declined. Iowa coal is not good enough to justify transporting it very far. Consumption will continue to be relatively local unless the coal is processed some way to improve its quality. Perhaps in the future it will be used near the mines to make electric power and thus be changed into a more valuable form. Geologists suppose t h a t enough coal remains to last three thousand years. At present, Appanoose, Polk, Lucas, Marion, Dallas, Boone, and Monroe counties produce the most, but the coal area includes the Des Moines Valley as far north as Webster county and the Nodaway Valley in southwestern Iowa. Though Iowa ranks low among coal mining states, we are second in the production of gypsum. Only New York excels. Gypsum is a soft, light gray rock which was formec millions of years ago when some places in Iowa were salt marshes. The largest deposit is near Fort Dodge. It forms._a layer about 25 square miles in extent and' over 10 feet thick covered with loose glacial drifl which can be scraped off. Most of the gypsum is quarried though some underground mining is done. -Another gypsum bed near Centerville is over 500 feet below the surface. Some gypsum is crushed for fertilizer, much of it is used bj cement mills, but the greatei part is made into stucco foi plaster. Gypsum wall board and partition tile are being manufactured. The first mil in Webster county was built in 1872. Now our yearly outpu' of gypsum is worth a third a much as our coal. Activity Hints. 1. Make a map of Iowa show ing the mineral producinj areas. Use a different colorec pencil for each mineral. 2. Have a debate on th question: "Resolved, that.Iowa coal should be used neai-_ thr mines to make electricity." 3. Read the story of the Car diff Giant, which was carvei out of gypsum, in the Septem ber, 1921, number of the "Palimpsest." Next week: "Meat Packing. STAGGERING REDUCTIONS -on-MAYTAG WASHERS Lowest Prices in Maytag History BUY BEFORE APRIL 1 AND SAVE SALES TAX Electric Models Square Tubs.... 879.50 Round Tubs $59.50 Farm Models Square Tubs §99.50 Round Tubs S79.50 EASY PAYMENTS CERRO GORDO May tag Co. 22 Second Street N. E. HELPING THE HOMEMAKER By MRS. ALEXANDER GEORGE MEALS USING LEFTOVERS Breakfast. Grapefruit Fried Mush and Syrup Broiled Bacon Coffee Luncheon Cream of Tomato Soup Crackers Stuffed Celery Peach Sauce Tea Dinner. Baked Roast Beef Hash Browned Sweet Potatoes Bread Cranberry Jelly Ambrosia Imperial Cookies Coffee Ambrosia. One cup sliced oranges. ',» cup sliced" bananas, 3 ,i cup cocoanut, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, 2 tablespoons sugar. Mix and chill ingredients. Stuffed Celery. Twelve 6-inch celery sticks, 1-3 cup Roquefort cheese, y teaspoon paprika, 1 teaspoon salad dressing, 1 teaspoon cream. Seect firm, crisp celery, cut into six inch lengths. Mix rest of ingredients and stuff grooves of celery. Chill. Serve. Imperial Cookies. Two-thirds cup fat, I'/i cups sugar, 2 eggs, 4 tablespoons cream, 1 teaspoon vanilla, 1 teaspoon lemon extract, ^ teaspoon salt, 2-3 cup raisins, % cup nuts, 3 1-3 cups flour, 2 teaspoons baking powder. Cream fat and sugar. Add eggs, cream, beat 2 minutes. Add rest of ingredients, chill dough. Break off bits, flatten down 3 inches apart on greased baking sheets. Bake 12 minutes in moderate oven. A Salad Help. Drain all juices from fruits or vegetables used for salads before arranging them on the plates. Placing the food in a colander for 5 minutes is a good idea as then all juices v.-ill drain out quickly. It is hard to figure the cost of a government contract until the monev is appropriated to investigate "it.--Davenport Times. Beautiful New Lines of Wrought Iron Containers with painted pots for plants and vines. Fancy pottery-the Haeger line--some especially fine pieces for cut flowers and plants, and a very large, new assortment of nov- ty plant holders for Easter. YOU ARE INVITED TO COME OUT TO SEE THESE LINES NOW Kemble's Greenhouse 1205 South Federal Ave. Phone 55 All Women in Cast of Burlesque "Uncle Tom's Stabbm' " to Be Staged March 27 by Junior Women. An all feminine cast will be featured in the musical comedy, "Uncle Tom's stabbin.' " or "Who Killed Little Eva?" which will be presented by the junior women's department of the Woman's club March 27 in the high school auditorium. In the cast are Miss Oiga Moen, Miss Louise Leach, Miss Katherine Sheffler, Miss Mary Gould, Miss Dorothy Decker, Miss Lillian Leedstrom, Miss Gretchen Carlson, Miss Jean Barclay, Miss Phyllis Propp and Miss Eleanor Hazlett. The play is an original burlesque of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" which was written by four members of the department. It presents a new view of the old drama in the mysterious death of Little Eva in a Harlem Night club of which Uncle Tom is the proprietor. The comedy which is to take the place of the regular department meeting for March will be open to the public as well as members of the Woman's club. V. W. C. A. GLEE CHJB TO SING AT MADISON The Y. W. C. A. Glee club will sing Tuesday evening at the Madison community center. The club gave a program of chorus and solo numbers at the meeting of St. John's Y. P. F. Sunday evening at tne MacNider Memorial hall. _*_ Are Parents of Son. DOWS -- Born to Mr. and Mrs. F. A. State Friday night an eight' pound boy, named George August. They now have five children. COSTUME JEWELRY Just in time for EASTER We have a slartling- collection of the smartest costume jewelry at a very special price. Large, bright pieces that put life in Easter costume. JEWELRY MAIN FLOOK PURSES f Ele ance!1 Bags that will envoke the keenest admiration on every hand in the Easter parade. Lovely new leathers . . . Exquisite de- tailings make these bags grand values. PURSES MAIN FLOOR Wash Frocks $ .69to$ 1.95 Wash Frocks, 6 to 14... .79 to 2.25 Tots' Coats 1.98 to 8.50 Girls' Coats 5.90 to 15.75 Youngsters love springtime and Easter, and all the new clothes they bring with them. They're especially fond of ours for they are gay and bright just like themselves. And mothers are equally fond of our low prices. Cunning Dresses and Coats for the Baby are Here, too! --SECOND FLOOK-- NEW WITH US THIS SPRING! FAMOUS "KAYSER" SILK HOSIERY Because of greatly increased hosiery business, we have added to our already large selection of ladies' fine Hosiery, stilt another nationally famous line. All new spring shades. Chiffons or light service weights. LOVELY LINGERIE for Lovely Ladies .69 and .95 GLOVES To include in the Easter Picture This is the fine quality, all silk crepe lingerie that you enjoy wearing. Slips, Dance Sets, Teddies "and Stepins. Colors of Tea Hose, Pink, White and Blue. Lingerie--Second Floor KID GLOVES _,.,? to Light Weight CAPESKINS $1.95 to $2.95 FABRICS 59c to $1.95 All the smartest styles the season sponsors -- all the wanted new shades of Black, Brown, Grey. Beige, and Navy Blue. See them tod'ay: GLOVES M A I N FLOOR

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