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JNDAY, MARCH 18, 1934 IASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE 4 LKB SYNDICATE NElVSl-AfKB Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY f121-123 East stain Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOM1S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOXD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor - - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and "also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Alason city lum clear Lane. . Mason city ana Clear Lake, Oy tie year S7.00 by the week . ... $ .15 OUTSIDE MASON C1TT ANO tXEAIt LAKH Per year by carrier J7.00 By mall 0 months $2.00 Per week by carrier $ .15 By mall 3 months $1.00 Per year by mall $4.00 By mat) 1 month $ 00 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year 50.00 " Six months.. .53.00 Three months. .51.00 The Elizabethan uge might be better named the beginning of the smoking era. --BAKRIE JOHNSON'S IMPEACHMENT J UST sixty-six years ago what is now generally considered one of the most shameful dramas ever enacted on the congressional stage in Washington, was under way. Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania, republican leader of the house of representatives, introduced in that body a bill to impeach President Andrew Johnson. The charges made against the president were numerous, but the principal one was that he had endeavored to remove Secretary of War Stanton without the eonsent of the senate, which it was claimed was in violation of the tenure of office act The bill was of course passea and President Johnson was tried before the senate sitting as a court of impeachment. The trial was a long one, characterized by the greatest bitterness, the feud between the executive and the radicals in congress being extremely heated. It had its inception in the efforts of Johnson to carry out the reconstruction policies of President Lincoln, while the radicals insisted upon imposing upon the people of the southern states the most grievous and unbearable hardships. The vote at the conclusion of the trial was 35 for conviction and 19 for acquittal. This being one vote short of the two-thirds required for conviction, the president was acquitted. Thaddeus Stevens died soon after the trial, but Johnson was again elected to the senate in 1875, dying of a stroke soon after that. The United States supreme court decided -during the term of President Taft that under the tenure of office act the executive could remove without the consent of the senate an officer requiring- confirmation by that body before assuming office. Thus was Johnson vindicated as to the principal charge brought against him. Time and public opinion have, vindicated him on practically all the others. FROM CWA TO PWA little editorial out of the Wisconsin State Jour' nal la an eloquent argument in favor of going tnrougj^with the school program approved by a 2 to 1 vo^6ji6relast Sfonday: ""Activities in the PWA program must begin soon in Wisconsin on a large scale if all the workers-now employed on CWA projects are to be given an opportunity for continued employment. "The information that CWA work will cease April 1 Is bringing fear to many now receiving their sustenance from those projects that they will be out of employment when the activities end. "It was sad news to many who have found work on CWA projects under the 'direction of the University of Wisconsin that these activities are to be ended this week. This will drop 1,000 persons from the government payroll. Many have no outlook for future employment. "The ceasing of work on CWA projects and the beginning of work on PWA projects should be coordinated. A large unemployment list because of the abandonment of the CWA program is not a condition that will be welcome." The situation locally Is that Mason City has laid its ?75,000 on the counter, and is waiting for the federal government to match it with a. SO per cent ante as it has in scores of other communities. . Without notice the announcement was made that no further projects are to be approved for the time being- under the PWA grants. In CWA the federal government acknowledged a responsibility in the national unemployment crisis. How better could the "tapering off" process from dole to private employment be effected than throug-h the medium of legitimate public works projects? Mason 'City will hope for a favorable answer to this question. MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE North Iowa Editors Pertinent or Impertinent A Chicago streetcar' conductor has testified that since the return of the saloon he has had at least four times as many drunks among his passengers as during prohibition. Indicating that it was merely the eighteenth amendment, and not drunkenness that got repealed. ' * s o Somebody telephones in to suggest that we let those bandits drive away with our money unresisted because we've become so accustomed to standing- by while being robbed of our constitutional riehts * * * Â° In the light of what has happened in the airmail mess, one wonders if perhaps the administration couldn't find a nice soft internal revenue or rivers and harbors post for Jim Farley. s a a Senators and representatives at Des Moines are- permitted to buy their $50 chairs for ?10, as a sort of keepsake commission on their special session per diem. 8 * 0 The possibility that spending less for government might help solve the tax problem hasn't occurred to any lawmaker yet in a really serious wav * t . * A crooner announces he can hold his breath four and a half minutes. Most radio listeners would be willing to take a chance on five. s t. t. The fact that a fight is staked at Madison Square Garden is of itself a tip to many not to wager on the outcome. * f K Germany will sterilize all of the feebleminded except those who think Hitler a new messiah. SMEAK TACTICS Sioux City Journal: The current attack made upon Andrew W. Mellon, former secretary of the treasury, on charges of income tax evasion looks like another attempt to smear someone high in the councils of the republican party. WE'VE GONE FAR FROM THIS Decorah Public Opinion: The "New Deal" is surely a far cry from the time-honored slogan of Jeffergonian democracy: "That government is best which governs least." Â· n INEXCUSABLE DELAY Webster City Frecnian-JournuI: Since the plans proposed to finance the patrol would not add one penny to anybody's taxes, there is really no reason for further delay in putting a patrol upon the highways. LOTS OF AUTHORITY Northwood Anchor: It begins to look as though the members of the Iowa liquor commission are going to possess a great deal of autocratic power as well as a heavy load of responsibility. IT WOULD MAKE HEM RICH Forest City Republican: We wish wo might fall heir to a small portion of the money spent uselessly each year on music lessons for young hopefuls who have no musical talent. LINDY STANDS PAT Estherville News: No one could blame Colonel Lindbergh for not accepting the government invitation to show the army how to do the job at which it has already failed. IT WON'T BE NOTICEABLE Sioux City Journal: Four per cent beer will be legal in Iowa henceforth, but most persons won't be able to distinguish the difference between it and the 3.2 brew. IF HE HAD BEEN HANGED Algona Upper Des Moiiics: Had Dillinger been put to trial, and then to death, within a few days after his capture one of the greatest blots on U. S. public officials would never have occurred. A CELEBRITY DEFLATED Burt Monitor: One of the most encouraging things is that what Will Rogers says is rapidly assuming the unimportant position it has merited for these many years. IF THE BONUS BILL PASSED Webster City Freeman-Journal: When the bill was being considered in congress some time ago, it was estimated that it would bring about 545,000,000 to Iowa and approximately 5400,000 to Hamilton county. AWAY FROM IMMENSE SALARIES Emmetsburg Tribune: In any revision of the methods of compensating company executives, the commission principle as a substitute for fixed salaries is likely to be adopted more generally OUR TAX-REDUCING LEGISLATURE Humboldt Independent: An old-age pension at this time, when the legislature is seeking to lighten taxation, is most bewildering. A SLANT ON MUNICD7AL OWNERSHIP Manly Signal: No one has found a way to raise taxes lost through tax-exempt, publicly-owned plants, except higher taxes on remaining private property U. S. IN THE CORN BUSINESS Algona Advance: Unless signs fail Uncle Sam is going to have a lot of com on his hands Aug. 1 next, only four and a half months from now AND ABOUT THE SAME OTHERWISE Wesley News-World: It is said that many Japanese keep singing- crickets in cages about their homes. Well this is cheaper than having a radio. DISAPPOINTMENT PREDICTED Spencer Reporter: The tax reduction work of the special session is bound to be a disappointment when it comes to cashing In on the net results. - A WELL PADD FIGURE-HEAD Dnbuque Telegraph-Herald: The new emperor of Manchukuo gets ?1,750,000 a year. He might try doing- something in his spare time, to make ends meet. STILL THE BOOTLEGGER Manson Journal: The government tax on liquor is so high that the average man is out of the market so far as the state stores are concerned. DOLLARS ACROSS THE LINJE? Algona Upper Des Moines: Will the new Iowa sales tax send business into Minnesota that rightfully b"- longs in Iowa? ENLARGE THE POORHOUSES Nashua Reporter: Not more than one young man out of ten appears to be making an effort to save anything for the future. WILL FRANKLIN TELL? Primghar Bell: Wish Franklin D. would tin us off to the plan for making "two dollars grow" where but one has sprouted before. FORCE METHOD DOESN'T WORK Swea City Herald: Forcing the provisions of NRA by law won't work any better than trying to force prohibition by legislation. A TRAGIC BLUNDER Elkader Register: It has been definitely shown that the attempt to have the army take over the airmail service was a tragic blunder. THERE'S A PRIMARY AHEAD Iowa Falls Citizen: Well, now that the legislature has finally adjourned we can expect to hear more talk about the June primaries. I PATTERSON'S THE MAN Emmetsburg Reporter: The Reporter takes particular satisfaction in reporting Senator George W. Patterson's candidacy for lieutenant governor of Iowa. WHEN POLITICS TAKES COMMAND Manly Signal: When government goes into a business, politics takes command. Red tape replaces capability. THE C. M. T. C. CAMPS Emmetsburg Democrat: No obligation for future military service of any kind is incurred by those who attend these camps. HOLDUP IS ONE WAY TO DO IT Marshalltown Times-Republican: The Mason City affair is another demonstration of activity in "redistribution of wealth." PALMER HAS THE SIZE Cresco Times: If nominated and elected, as we believe he will be, he will truly and faithfully represent his" district in congress. ' A WORD TO THE CRITICS Whittemore Champion: It's much easier to tell the man in office he is wrong than to run for office and do the thing as it should be done. 100 PER CENT FOR KNUTSON Garner Leader: Of all the republican candidates for governor so far announced, we are 100 per cent for THREE DAILY SCRAP BOOK Copyright, "itsVly Central Pnss A; AFTER MARRIACE WOMEN OFHE AFRICAN KoNVAMA 'TRIBE RIPE -THEIR. BRIDEGROOMS, AMD, . WI-Tk WHIPS, rlASE. 'fHEM'fO SHELL of AcASfLE.WrfflOLi ROOMS, WAS BUILT A-T BATH , RELIEVE. A MONOTONOUS L-ANDSCAPE ^. ELEPHAKT IN S10NE- NA-fURAL DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clgndcalns cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of genera! Interest, however, the? will be taken up. In order. In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendenlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. BRAIN WORK USES LESS ENERGY "T"\OES Â·Â» man under a mental strain consume as Â· L/ much energy as a man under hard labor?" is the question which has been under discussion by a group of my readers, who turn to me for answer. We measure the energy which the body exerts in terms of oxygen consumption. If you bend your arm so that the palm of the hand touches the shoulder and straighten it out five times, the muscles which make these movements are like any other machine--they use amount of oxygen. up a certain They also, of ONE-MINUTE PULPIT--It is a good thing to | give thanks unto the Lord, and to sin? unto thy name, O most High.--Psalm " Clarence Knutson. WHAT FROM? Allison Tribune: The poser for every advocate of lower tariff is to ask him just what he would remove the tariff from. DEBATABLE QUESTION Kudd Review: The New Hampton Tribune says "the new liquor bill is in the interest of temperance." Is T-H-A-T so ? CHEERFUL CHANGE Cedar Falls Record:" Among the cheerful things to note in passing is that the days are getting longer rapidly. It is certain spring is near. THOSE ARMY AIRMAIL FLYERS Dows Reporter: Why should these brave, gallant young officers be sacrificed hi the name of politics ? HAVE YOU NOTICED THIS? Greene Recorder: People who constantly give advice often become indignant when asked to take it. DEMAND THE BEST Garner Herald: When we want to train our children, why not demand the best teachers? TURNER SOFT PEDALS Oelwein Register: His more recent speeches are considerably tamed down. KNUTSON ABOVE MUD-SLINGING course, use up sugar and fat. But we are able to measure the amount of energy expended very easily by the oxygen which Js breathed in and out of the lungs. We know that there is less oxygen used when the individual is at rest, lying down, and that the amount of oxygen increases proportionately as the amount of Dr. Clendenlnn bodily exertion increases. For instance, we can say perfectly def initely that there mil be five times as much oxygen if the arm is bent 20 times than if it is bent four times. These tests are made with a simple apparatus which allows breathing and re-breathing into a bag the amount of oxygen being measured before an( afterwards. Using this apparatus recently at the Carnegie Institution at Washington, Dr. Francis G. Benedict found that mental effort used up so little energy that it hardly can be measurable. The tests -were made by having the subjects "multiply pairs of two digit figures of four consecutive 15-m i n u t e periods. Afterward the oxygen w a s measured while the subject was in repose or at attention, the "attention" consisting o f closing a n electric contact whenever a white or a red light appeared Jn the field of vision. T o p u t i t graphically, the investigators say that a housemaid s w e e ping and d u s t i n g t h e study of a col- professor use up as much energy in three minutes as the professor would in an hour's intensive intellectual effort. This does not mean that there is no change in the body due to mental effort. The method of measuring it is especially adapted to the work of muscles and it merely means that the brain does not use up oxygen very fast when it operates. EARLIER DAYS An Interesting Dally Feature Drawn From the Ulouo-Gazcttc'i Files of the Vears Gone Hy, OXYGEN BAG Apparatus used in measuring energy expended while walking. Thirty Years Ago-- Crestomatheans of the university attended a reception to the Elizabethan society Saturday evening. C. W. Damon is confined to his home on account of illness. The city teachers met Wednesday evening in their regular business session and held up for disposal the vacation proposition, accepting the school board's proposition without further discussion. Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Sheldon and daughter of Minneapolis were in the city today enroute from Cali- c ~TU'a. Guy Nettleton and wife have returned from a visit to Calmar. Mrs. Thomas Comfort, who has been making a sojourn in New Mexico for her health, returned rather unexpectedly Friday evening. A. M. Graves returned Friday night from a trip to Chicago. Miss Hazel and Miss Nora Hill were in the city Friday enroute to their home in Lincoln township after visiting in Allison. Major Galbreth of Des Moines will be in the cltv this afternoon to swear in the new recruit, Mr Anderson, at the recruiting station. Twenty Years Ago-An auction sale on mules and horses will be held today at the fairgrounds. Attorneys S. A. Clock, R. R. Stuart and E. E Clock of Hampton were in the city yesterday on business F. A. Anderson left Friday on business to Elks Point, S. Dak. OBSERVING 'iif^sys^itifriiif^if/^m^ have discovered that a principal obstacle in the path to simplified spelling is thut no two simpletons have the some idea of how it should be done. The Chicago Tribune has reduced "aisle" to "aile." Why not "ile?" "Bureaucrat" 'burocrat." Why not has become burokrat?" With M. R. B., I am quite confident that the Tribune will eventually give up its orthographical mon- stocities before long- and that until it does, it will be without converts. There have been other efforts alonsj this line and all have failed. This newspaper once took a whirl at simplification and after two or three years of writhing, admitted its unhappiness and returned to the spelling of Webster. And do you recall that the mighty Teddy Roosevelt once proposed alteration of American spelling by fiat? He gave it up, just as the Tribune will. The fact is that language never changes by intention. It is a slow growth and it follows obscure laws of its own body. Just at this time understood to no- 1'm reading Drinkwater's book on the life of :hat master Diarist, Samuel Pepys (pronounced "Peeps," by the way.) : am astonished by the tremendous differences in spelling that have come into being; since his time. He was a contemporary of Richard Â·romwell. As for myself, I confess a liking for the vagaries and inconsistencies of English spelling-. Absurd as they are, they give the language a certain ersonality and character which appeals to me. There is no logic in this ioint of view, I grant you. But as in art and music, so in orthography, I maintain the right of the individual o like what he pleases. --o-suspect that Nate Miller in the following communication, "Home on the Rocks," as sacrificed any hope he ever had f being elected to something some- me on the basis of women's votes: n a former day, the fiapeg say, re knighthood wan in flower, o lady thought to have her ivay round the rustic bower. cut the bolt, prepared the fcnsls mi made what clothes them were hlle daddy slew the K lant ncnsts or glory, meat and fur. a wife rcslCTctl or IHRCTU behind .n urped her with a stick of wood. e used the club to make her mind nd pulled her hair to keep her good. ut modem ways, these latter days, ave changed the point of view, he knight, so bold. 13 firmly told 1st where to go and what to do. id If he balks or even Squawks e can't command a pleasant look. bended knee must make his plea r else go nut and hire a cook. get the shivers as I reflect on one type of accident which brought death to 4 out of the 546 killed on Iowa's streets and highways in 1933. Carelessness in loading gas pipe on a truck caused impalement for these unfortunate 4 innocents. In one case the projecting pipe ran through the driver's body, pinning him in his own car. It was necessary to pull the 12-foot pipe back through the body of the car and .hrough the man's body before he could be taken from the car. Gruesome? I admit it. Then whv do we persist in our carelessness? --o-am interested in the suggestion of H. W. that a principal value, from a holdup standpoint, of an automatic door controllable from the guard's cage in a bank, would be of a preventive character. "Bandits always send an advance man into a bank to get the lay of the land," H. W. pointed out. "If in his report, he called attention to the automatic door equipment, the decision would be made straightway to pick on some other bank- without such a hazard." Not such bad reasoning at that. learn from a report by the geological survey of the U. S. that only .a few of the large number who-have turned of late to prospecting for gold have been able to sustain themselves by their earnings. A large number of these adventurers have become public charges or dependent on local charity. Even though the price of gold is nearly twice what it was a year ago, the chances do not warrant the \'enture for inexperienced persons without resources, according to all the evidence. --o-presume the heading-, "Modern Tragedy," would be suitable fcr this contributed paragraph out of the "Pot Pourri" department of the Austin Herald: "Her face was lifted only twice. '.er skin bleached once, her hair dyed thrice; reducing by a new device, she cut her figure to a slice, and now she's resting in--Paradise." have still another guess on my riddle presented a week or two ago. It comes from Mrs. G. E. R. of Hampton and is "Health." F. E. F. of Iowa Falls, contributor of the clipping from the"" New York Times which carried this riddle, is engaged now in learning- the correct answer which will be presented soon in this department. terday. G. G. White of Elkader was here on business yes- The board of directors of the M. B. A. were in session today. o.i' 016 faculty of the Clear Lake schools were Mason oity visitors Friday and attended the different grades of the city schools. Sunday afternoon and evening, the Clarions an rndiananohs ore-animation of singers, entertainers 'and evangelists, will give programs at the Christian church. ,, County Auditor Geor Â£e E. Frost addressed the high school Friday on taxation in the state. Ten Tears Ago-, o^l' , M ' -Â°' Cr ? wfor J returned this morning from a short business trip to Chicago. Mrs. L. P. Eabcock and small daughter Beverlv rnhnii ,,,.,, visiting; with the H. N Jacobv a avenue southeast. ' Des Moines, farm loan examiner ,,,, -ur j ,, -- company, was in the city on business Wednesday and Thursday Directors of the Modern Brotherhood of America convening today and Saturday in the office of f businesr bUlJd ' ng t0 transact tte month 'y "utine TODAY IN HISTORY" l family, ONCE OVERS By J. J. MUNDY ACQUAINTANCES OR FRIENDS? People laugh at you when frequently you allude to unusually prominent persons as being friends of yours. How many really influential friends have you. anyway ? Not many, when you stop to consider this question ---perhaps not any. Certainly, you may know many persons who have achieved more than the ordinary run--but how can you classify them as friends of yours? Merely acquaintances, and many of them could not recall your name if they met you again. Persons far above you in the social, business and Livingstone, b. born rmssionary who was 55 at the tine he was "found" in Africa by searcher Henry M Stan- * * Penrhyn Stanlaws, b. 1877, artist famed for his pretty-girl covers. * * * Giuseppe Bellanca, b. 1886 Italian-American aero designer and builder. * Â» * Gastou Lacbaise * * * Tobias W. A. Bone, thority on coal. icbaise, b. 1886, French-American sculptor uas Smollett, b. 1721, Scotch novelist * Â» Â« ne, b. 1871, famed British chemist and au- 1842--Biggest swap in real estate in American history was completed. As usual in swaps, one party Decorah Journal: Knutson probably will not stoop I financial worlds, have acquired friends, among those to mud-slinging. ONE PLACE IT'S MISSED Forest City Summit: Birth control has not touched the "brain trust." HONEST ANSWER, PLEASE! Wankon V ^ i " I'vei-aon, nRSudEffli-Vave you seen .-st to was gypped. After 12 years of negotiations a patent W , ase , tsl P e ' 1 by President John Tyler and Secretary of State Daniel Webster, conveying to the Choctaw nation lands in what is now Oklahoma in return for what is now Mississippi, a trade forced upon the tribe by fear, intimidation and coercion. 1.898--U. S. S. "Oregon." dipping low with her capacity load of coal, steamed out of Gilden gate San Francisco, into the Pacific, headed south under forced draft. Her Captain Clark had urgent orders to join the battle fleet in the Atlantic, for the navy knew the beginning of war with Spain was a matter of days. Sixty-six days later (30 days after a declaration of war) he nosed her into Jupiter Inlet, Florida, having made the 14,706 knot run around 'the Horn with whom they associate, because of their similar in record time and dramatically demonstrated to business positions or financial standing. [ nation the need for a canal at Panama Usually they have all the friends they desire among! i n the battle of Santiago the speed of the Oregon people thev consider as of their own nlass. nnohinH v.Â«. t ^ in.,,! n v,__. _.... i ., ., ,, b . . the people they consider as of their own class. They have no desire to acquire new friends outside their class and circle. And this is not always the result of a form of snobbishness. It is a condition. It is natural for persons to wish to associ: __ those on a par, at least, with ' ' enabled her to lead the chase which drove the Spanish battleship "Cristobol Colnn" ashore, and her 13 inch guns ripped the ''Colon" and "Vizcaya" to pieces. 1918--Farmers protested. Railroad unions showed daylight saving was begun in lace '" Ulc nation to What was the best price paid fo an art object in America last year? S. S. While public sales of works o: art have fallen off in volume and prices during the depression, some handsome prices have been paid Last year's best price for a single item was 5102,500 paid by Lord Milbank for the marble portrait bust or the Princess of Aragon by Francesco Laurana. It was in the Thomaa Fortune Ryan collection. When was the British Open Goll championship first played? D. S. In 1892 the Prestw'ick, St. An- draws and Musselburgh clubs ot Scotland arranged a tournament, put up a cup and called the contest the British Open. Ever since, the winner of this contest has been regarded as champion of the golfing world. What obligation lg there on the part of a person who uses your sen-ice? C. O. There is none whatever. This newspaper offers the service free to its readers. You are entitled to all benefits to be derived from its frequent use. There is no charge except coin or stamp for return postage. Address Frederic J. Haskln, director, Washington, D. C. What is a jeremiad? T. P. A lamentation--a tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint. The name is an allusion to Lamentations, a book in the Old Testament attributed to Jeremiah. What is the name of the Crown Prince of Japan ? S. T. He was christened Akihito Tsugo no Miya. All Japanese princes have names ending- in hito, which means benevolent male. No Miya means prince of. Aki means enlightened. Therefore the infant's name is Aki the benevolent male, Prince of Tsugu. Tsugu Identifies him as the crown prince. Is there a memorial to Woodrow Wilson at Princeton, N. J.? F. T. The only one at present is a pro- j professorship of English literature ! endowed in his name by Edward j Bok. Plans for the erection of a j suitable monument are being matle j now by the officials of the federal public works of art committee and of the Borough of Princeton. The present design for a monument, created by Rolf William Bauhan with | Lhe assistance of Jean Labtitiit. calls for a stone shaft 60 feet in height and 12 feet square at the base on which bas-relief panels will depict Wilson as president of Princeton, governor of New Jersey, president i of the United States, and advocate ! of the league of nations. j How much is a lonf; bit? A. J. t In southern and western U. S. a 'ong bit i.i 1.") cents and a short bit '= 10 cents. A bit is 12^. cents, and 2 bits is a quarter of a dollar. Will the Trail Riders of the National Forests take a trip this summer? M. C. The American Forestry association says two expeditions are scheduled for July. One will attempt to penetrate the nigged South Fork Wilderness of the Flathead National Forest in Montana, while the other will push on through the South Fork country to the more remote Sun River Wilderness of the Lewis and Clark National Forest, which has just been designated as a primitive area by the U. S. forest service. What was a marlinsplke used for-. 1 R. L. This piece of iron tapering- to a point was used on shipboard. It was used as a lever for opening or separating the strands of a rope in splicing. What became of the flags captured by the northern troops during the Civil war? M. F. Through efforts of John Lamb all were returned to the southern states. Describe chalcedony. X. Z. Chalcedony is described B.F. * cryptocrystalllne variety of quartz, transparent or translucent, with a waxy luster. So far as color is concerned it may be white, gray, blue, brown or black, but commonly is of i tint suggestive of diluted milk, marked with veins, circles or spots. It is used for ornament and is often called "white agate." AUNT MET By Robert Quillcn "I could have as much nerve trouble as Ella if I'd turn loose and have a tantrum, ever' time I feel like it."