Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 15, 1934 · Page 3
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 15, 1934
Page 3
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THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LKB gXNDlCATE NEWsrAFEn 1 Issued Every Week Day by the MASON C1TV GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Slate Street ' Telephone No. 3800 JLEE P. LOOMIS . . . . Publisher W. EAP.L HALL - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLO*D L. GEER . Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason city itnfl Clear Lake, Mason City ana clear LaKe. iy the year 57.00 by the week .. 5 .15 OUTSIDE MASOK Oil* AJiD DLEAK LAKE Per year by carrier .... 17.00 By mail 0 months S2.00 Per week by carrier .... J .15 By mail 3 months Jl-OU Per year by mall S4.00 By mall 1 month 5 .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year $6.00 Sis months... .53.00 Three months. .J1.W j Glass, China and Reputation are easily crack'd j and never well mended.--BENJAMIN FRANKLIN^ THE AIRMAIL LEAK rpHERE are evidently some leaks in the inner circles ·^ of the administration, as evidenced by the recent action of the markets in advance of the unexpected and sweeping order cancelling airmail contracts. Huge blocks of stock in aviation companies were quietly unloaded in the weeks just prior to the sudden announcement of cancellation of the contracts, and there were numerous short sales. It is fairly evident by the nature of the selling, as shown by a New York stock exchange report, that the sales were made in expectation of some calamity to the industry. They were made chiefly by "insiders," persons in the industry itself or advantageously placed in Wall street to know what was going on before the public did. The stocks were sold mainly at prices more than double the level to which they fell when the cancellation of the contracts became news. In other words, the "insiders" unloaded on the public. They played a sure-thing tip, if indications are to be believed. The Chicago Tribune lists the sales discovered by the stock exchange investigation as follows: ·"Leading a long list of well known Wall street names are J. P. Morgan and company, selling 4,500 shares of United Aircraft; Jacobson and company, 60,800 shares of the same stock; Brandenburg and company 36,500 shares of Douglas Aircraft, and James Seligman, 12,400 shares of Curtiss-Wright, 5,200 of Douglas, and 800 of United Aircraft. Other readily recognizable names among the sellers were Tom Bragg, Louis Kaiser, E. A. Pierce and company, Frank Vanderlip and Harry Content. A number of aviation holding companies disposed of great blocks of their holdings. The North American Aviation corporation, National Air Transport corporation, and Sperry corporation sold a total of 48,900 shares of Curtiss-Wright and Douglas between Jan. 29 and Feb. 9." From this the Tribune draws the following conclusion: "The financially wise knew what was coming off and got out. Alone to stand the loss in the greatest shock an entire .industry has ever received was the small investor--the forgotten man. The New Dealers had forgotten to tell him what was going to happen." This is a more serious matter than the practice of Jaw by national committeemen before government de, partments, which the president ha properly squelched iTr/in tb* l«*t tew greeks. It relate* to the .personal in ' Vi-f"iyat member! of the Inner cirdeS : of tne;aamla ·( istrmtltm. It lendt to the whole airmail contract affair, ' now ending In the restoration of contracts, the ugly look of a stock-market shake-out. We do not believe that this was the intention of the administration. That the contract cancellation was a. mistake, but an honest one, in which the president was consistently misled by over-enthusiastic advisers is unquestionably the true explanation. Mr. Roosevelt may well do some sleuthing in Ms immediate family, to find the Judas who tipped Wall street to the airmail contract plans. Perhaps no law would reach him, if discovered. But public disgrace should be his portion--and will be, if we do not mistake Mr. Roosevelt. FOR A BONUS SHOWDOWN /pHIS newspaper will experience some genuine de- ·*· light if the bonus sham battle in congress reaches a point which calls for a showdown on the part of those who ostensibly favor immediate payment with greenbacks but secret ly oppose it. Assured that the president would veto the measure if it came to him, scores of house members voted ; for the bill. It would be revealing if the vetoed bill | came back to the house. j How many of those who made a bid for the veterans' vote would elect to override the veto? In this situation we find one of the most common-and least admirable--manifestations of politics--representatives and senators using the veterans, or some other class, for personal gain and trading stock. This newspaper has always contended that the holders of adjusted compensation certificates have no right to demand payment ahead of the maturity time stated in. the contract. We believe that now. But in the face of a policy in which the government ladles out money to those it doesn't owe, we believe that payment of an obligation which some day must be discharged is worthy of earnest consideration. Whether under the circumstances the adjusted service certificates should be liquidated In the manner proposed at this time is assuredly a debatable question. But the ethics involved in an ostensible friendship for the veterans through an insincere vote can have no defense. Here's hoping that every representative and every senator is called to an accounting for his vote on this question. In fairness to our fourth district representative, it should be stated that his opposition to the bonus payment was made manifest above the table in a fair and open manner. He is against the veteran on this question and he is square enough to stand up and be counted. COURTESY STILL PAYS I T IS interesting to read that immigration officials have been ordered by Washington to be more courteous and pleasant to immigrants. In the past, the American immigration service has not been exactly famous for its smiling courtesy. It's a point well worth correcting. The new arrival forms his first conception of the new land by his first contact with its officials. If they are hardboiled and unsympathetic, he's likely to get a lasting unfavorable impression. While we continue to believe that immigration should be held to an irreducible minimum, we favor a policy of dealing courteously and graciously with those admitted. Pertinent or Impertinent An announcement of an increase in employment in Iowa is made by Labor Commissioner Frank Wenig. In other words in Iowa the spurt in business is not weni'g. (That pun is almost lousy enough to deserve a place on a radio program). r S » 9 North Iowa's beet growers would welcome a statement of attitude by Fred Biermann on the administration's policy of killing off American grown cane and beets at the earliest possible moment. e » * A sequel to that unanswered hen and egg question is whether the editor of the Sunday supplements gets perverted by his job or gets his job because he's already perverted. * c * That dog which runs to the basement every time a radio spieler begins his direct sales blah blah can be said to have at least human intelligence. * «. * Many of us had occasion Tuesday to reconsecrate ourselves to that ancient though dishonorable credo, "Better a live coward than a dead hero." « v * Just what is it Mr. Brookhart wants out of the Iowa political situation? There's no job here as good as the one he has. » * » Mason Cityans now realize how utterly unfair they were to ordinary rodents in thinking of bank bandits as "rats." OTHER EDITORS WHY THE TARIFF Webster City Freeman-Journal: "Investigation, to quote from a recent utterance by Secretary Wallace, S has shown that Cuba can produce sugar cheaper than we can." If he desired to carry his investigation a step further, he'would find that corn and beef can be produced more cheaply in Argentina than in the United States, that wheat can be produced more cheaply in Russia, that butter can be produced more cheaply in Denmark, and so on clear down the line. But he doesn't do that. He singles out sugar for a special rule and requirement.--Mason City Globe- Gazette. , The Globe-Gazette is right. Farm products can be produced in many countries much cheaper than here in the United States and that's the reason the government lays tariffs upon agriculture imports. The same is true of manufactured goods. Labor and interest and other costs are much lower abroad than here and the purpose of a protective tariff is to prevent these cheaper goods from entering the American market and displacing the goods made in our own factories, thus increasing unemployment and restricting the use of our own capital. It is true that the domestic production of sugar is not large. It is also true that the'tariff taxes paid by the people on sugar go largely to the national treasury, very little being paid to beneficiaries in added costs of sugar. If the vast sums paid to the treasury as imposts on sugar ceased because of free trade in sugar the money would have to be raised by some other form of taxation. Tariff duties are laid for the purposes of revenue and to protect industries that need protection, and the policy should be applied broadly to include every legitimate interest that is of enough consequence to be worthy of preservation, and the Freeman-Journal believes the beet and cane sugar interests of the country are of enough importance to be entitled to protection from sugar produced where the standard of living is low compared with our own. Tariffs should be readjusted from time to time and where it is possible to make reciprocity arrangements to advantages that should be done. """" -~'---»-. ._,,; . __-* _ ",.. _"J.,.i-~.. ...-·- . - ; . , · - : LEGAL "PROCESSES . ' ''~' Lincoln (Nebr.) Star: Over in Iowa, they still are promoting farm agitation arising out of debt. Seven men have been indicted for participating in a "penny" sale of livestock sold under foreclosure. The seven have been indicted on charges of resisting legal processes. Thanks to an improvement in the farm situation, coming from higher prices, and generous loans on corn, the situation has eased materially. But it has not cleared entirely. Debt readjustment must continue and the most effective method is attempted conciliation of conflicting claims of creditor and debtor. A VIEW OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT W. A. MacArthur in Burt Monitor: I favor capital punishment, in certain clearly defined cases, not as a punitive measure or as an example to other criminals, but simply because I believe society has the right to purge itself of undesirable and dangerous elements. Where it is obvious, Because of Inherent criminal tendencies, defectiveness. or similar conditions, that an individual is a constant menace to society, he or she should be exterminated, just as any menace is removed from circulation for the protection of the common good. TRIBUTE TO A DEPARTED EDITOR Albert Lea Tribune: The newspaper fraternity of the northwest, as well as hundreds of other citizens are mourning the death of Horace G. White, editor and publisher of the Winona Republican-Herald. Everything that meant for the welfare of his home town. Winona, and county, he was back of, and giving generously of his time and newspaper space at all times. The citizens of Winona county have lost a fine citizen and booster--and so has the rest of the state. SAD 1 END OF A SAD CAREER Marshalltown Times-Republican: The two elder Cherry sisters have been taken to the Linn county poorhouse. The younger generation may never have heard of those comedians and vaudevillists, the Cherry Sisters, who were national figures as objectives of turnips and dead cats thrown by audiences which delight in cruelty to comedians. Poor old Cherrys. Let's hope the Linn establishment is comfortable. For they were more to be pitied than blamed. A TOUCHING SCENE IT WILL BE Osage Press: When Iowa's liquor law goes into effect a man can buy a bottle of whisky, but he must take it away with him unopened. The idea being, o£ course, that he shall take it home. What a beautiful picture! Gather 'round, children, pa is going to drink his whisky! EDITOR'S MAIL BAG RAILROADS AHEAD OF BLUE EAGLE MASON CITY, March 13.--Why haven't the railroads displayed the "Blue Eagle" for many years. Let us size up the comparison of codes: Business firms are the same as railroad companies Mr. Johnson was appointed by our government, so was the interstate commerce commission. Mr. Johnson told the business firms how many hours a day they can work their employes; did not our government tell the-railroads how many hours a day they could work their train service employes? Mr. Johnson set the wage scale; our government has to set most of the railroad labor wage scale on account of disagreements. Mr. Johnson told the business firms how much they could charge for what they have to sell and the interstate commerce commission told the railroads what they could charge for their service. Our government never has disliked railroad union labor; isn't Mr. Johnson encouraging labor to join unions ? The railroads have had "chiselers" for many year? and Mr. Johnson has them now. Very truly yours. H. M. HOFFMAN 714 Pennsylvania avenue northeast. DAILY SCRAP BOOK IN NEW HE BARBER SHAVES HIS CUS10MER. . i AN INS1RUMEN1" MADE oF-TfaE ( HAIR OP A COWS /fXlL-'THE 15 LOOPED AROUND EACH HAIR AND ''THE -TrIEM YANKS Copyright, 1934, by Central PI-CM Association, Inc OF ONE. POUND oF BEANS 1$ ROUGHLY -THE SAME AS A POUND DRIED FRUIT, CRACKERS OR. BREAD SCHOOL OF W A L R U S , SUNNING -THEMSELVES on A. FLOA11N3 PIECE OF ICE OFF-THE GREENLAND ^ COAS-f, BECAME SO SUNBURNED -THAT COULDrV'T BE CHASED OFF 'fHE WA-fER. CAFr.'BQB SAKTMETr,' HO-t~ED~E.XPJ-OK.ER. OBSERVING til never realized what a gang of monumental plagiarists the writing profession is un- the other day when I chanced upon the following from the March issue of the Golden Book: "All my best thoughts were stolen by the ancients," R. W. Emerson. "The original of Foe's 'Raven' was 'the Fu-niao, or Bird of Fate,' written by the Chinese poet, Kia Yi, an exiled minister of state, in the second century B. C." " 'The Merchant of Venice' is taken from oriental tales called 'The ' Bond' and "The Casket.' ! "'Robinson Crusoe' is based on i the adventures of Alexander Selkirk I who was found on the island of Juan Fernandez by the pirate Woodes Rogers and Edward Cooke. Richard Steele published in the 'Englishman' an interview with them in 1773." 'Parson Weems attributed to George Washington the cherry tret story which he had found in the works of an English minister who told the anecdote about a boy named John who cut down an apple- tree." " 'Romeo and Juliet' is modeled after 'Marioto and Glannoza," written by Massuccio .Salernitano in 1515. The story is much the same, except that in the Italian story the lady committed suicide by holding DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clendenlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers When questions are of general Interest, however, they will bfl taken up. tn order. In the dally column. Address vour Queries to Dr. Logan ClendenlnK, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. "By LOUAN CLENDENING, M. D. FIRST AID FOR SHOCK The emergency treatment of electric snock, gas asphyxiation, motor exhaust gas asphyxiation and drowning, all have the one thing in common, that in all these conditions breathing usually stops, and the obvious first aid treatment is artificial respiration. In case of electric shock, the first procedure is sometimes to remove the person from contact with the electric current. This sometimes requires some Ingenuity in order to do so with safety to. "the "rescuer. -The 'UniJea'iST.atesrde- partment of the interior gives the following instructions in "First Aid Thirty Years Ago-W J. Miller of Osage is in the city and has accepted a position with the Glanville company. Morris Jensen, the young Dane who has been in the employ of the Glass block for the past six months, leaves this week for his old home in Copenhagen where his folks live. C. H. McNider departed last evening for Cedar Falls to meet with the board of trustees of the state normal to discuss important business matters. The fourth district congressional committee met at Calmar Tuesday. Company A will, on the evening of April 13, present a war drama entitled, "The Girl I Left Behind Me." An active campagin Is on at Rockwell today be) -fefcen James Jenkinson and Mr. Calahan, opposing ftT"TBI»"~- i it»-»Mg^M%. .. . ... ·,.· -r» !_ . i Instructions for Miners:" "The symptoms of electric shock are: Sudden loss of conscious- I)f. Clendenlnc ness; absence of respiration, or, if present, very light and may not be observable; very weak pulse; and burns at point of contact. Always rescue a sufferer as quickly as possible, being careful not to get in contact with -the live wire. Lose no time in looking for a switch for turning off the current; if there is one near at hand, open at once. If there is a piece of wire at hand, throw it across the trolley wire and rail; by so doing the circuit breaker in the power house will be thrown out and the current cut off. If no wire long enough to reach from the wire to the rail is at hand, you may proceed to remove the victim from the current, but first get a dry board, piece of wood, or paper and put it under your feet, and protect the hand you use with your cap, coat or any dry non-conducting material, so as not to make a circuit. If possible use one hand only, placing the other behind you. If you do use both, hands to remove the man from the ground, make sure that both your hands and your feet are well insulated so that you will not be caught in the same contact as your patient. "A '--her way is to take your belt or nandkerchief or a piece of rope and loop it over the patient's feet if he is lying on the wire, and thus pull him off. If an ax is near at hand to cut the wire, but first make sure that the handle is dry, or wrap .it with a coat or cloth." After the patient is removed rrom the current, stimulate by stinging blows on the soles of the shoes, and proceed with artificial respiration. In gas asphyxiation the treatment is obviously to get the patient into the fresh air and apply artificial respiration, if breathing has ceasec. With all these it also is necessary to think of stimulation, but not until breathing has been resumed, or at least not unless someone else is applying the artificial respiration. Methods of stimulation are to put blankets over the exposed parts of the body and stimulate by rubbing and chafing the body. When the patient is conscious enough to swallow, stimulants can be given by mouth. The best of these is aromatic spirits of ammonia, one-half teaspoon in a half glass of water. This may be repeated every 15 minutes or so. Second is hot black coffee, and third is some form of alcoholic stimulation. Heat stroke or sun stroke somewhat resemble these conditions, but the patient is usually breathing, and the most important thing to do is to reduce the high temperature of the body and stimulate. The body heat may be reduced by the use of, cool or lukewarm water (this is preferable to ice) and it should be dashed over the body with some force, as splashing the body with a bucket of water. by ONCE OVERS EARLIER DAYS An Interesting Dally Feature Drawn From tho Ulobc-Uatetto'i Files of inn Yeors Gone Bj. her breath, 1 ' 'Cervantes used as a model for 'Don Quixote,' 'Amadis de Gaul,' a medieval Spanish romance of chivalry." "Boccaccio learned Greek for the express purpose of reading certain untranslated stories which he afterward transplanted into 'The De Cameron.' " -- 0 -think the most disturbing development of the recent senate hearings on the airmail situation had to do with the revelation that the sons of certain high government officials nave been employed by companies seeking contracts. The practice has implications apart from and beyond their bear- candirla :ceed Mayor Harris. The big pump was set- to /work this morning at the pumping station for the first time. Twenty Tears Ago-J. A. Cutler, secretary of the Mitchell County Fair association, is here from Osage on business. Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Fuller have returned from a visit to Minneapolis. N. B. Carpenter was over from Clear Lake yesterday transacting business here. Dr. O. E. Stewart of Bricelyn is in the city today visiting friends. C. H. Moe of Garner was a business caller in the city yesterday. Mrs. C. W. Schmidt was a visitor fm-i Sheffield yesterday. C. H. Miller of St. Ansgar was in the city on business yesterday. Next Wednesday ex-Governor Patterson of Tennessee will address a mass meeting of Mason City people in the Christian church. Miss Jessie Zimmerman returned Tuesday from a weeks visit with her sister in Omaha. ing on course. the airmail situation, The ability of these young men may have justified their employment. But, unfortunately, their employers had business with the government in which political influence^ might have been quite useful and' the family connections conceivably might have been an aid. Whether the public officials to whom they were related would have used their influence for such a dishonorable purpose is not the point. Th-e young men never should have allowed themselves to bs placed in a position that opens the way for criticism/and speculation^ can't recall having reproduced In this department a delicious little spasm oi names drawn from the products known to almost everybody by reason of national advertising: In the land of Arrow Collars, By the Valley of Corona. Where the lover, Instant Poeturo, Met his sweetheart, Cutle Cum. By the mountain oi Fels-Naphtha Dwelt they then wttn Aunt Jemima, Mother of the Cutle Cura. On the shore or Euralyptol, Hard on to the Llyultl Tar Soar-, Aunt Jcmlirm, with her Kodak, Stood and pointed to the Crlsco. "Yonder dwells the Locomobile, In the forest of O'Cedar: He it was who killed Van Hcuaen; Slew him with his Kuppcnbclmer." Boldly then the Instant Tostum Seized hi? trusty Blflex Bumper. Gave his bride one last fond DJer-Klaa, Kissed her by the Coco-cola. "1 am Koine, Cullc Cura. On a long and distant Journey, Where thu ureat names, Skinner's Sa'.a, And Palmollve, arc unknown. "Guard you "ell our daughter. Jello. And our first born baby, Is'ewskln." Launched he then hla Evinrude barque On the shining Pluto Water. Stood she then and munched the Grape N u t ? . As he chujjKea toward the sunset: While she smiled the smile o( Ivory, Shed Bho tears ot Llsterlnc. have just finished inspecting one of those new Frederic J. Haskin book offerings, "Natural Scenes." Never have I encountered so complete and graphic an approach to the beauty that is America's. The best scenery from every section of the country is both pictured and described in the booklet's 51 pages. Iowa is represented with a view of the Mississippi at Keokuk. With the season oC vacations in the offing, this book ought to have a tremendous appeal. I recommend it without reservation to those who want to learn about America's scenery or to those who desire to pick out somu high spots for visitation. suggest that if the bandits who descended on the First National bank Tuesday afternoon are looking for some promising recruits they should give earnest consideration to the newsies for out of town newspapers who sold their wares Wednesday by calling out that Dillinger had been captured. Such outstanding talent is indeed wasted in anything so prosaic as peddling newspapers. and land, been was interested to learn the {other day that the United States has laid the keels for vo new battleships since the ! 15 years ago, the Colorado . . West Virginia. The Mary- pifornia and Tennessee havijjf,' since that time' \r-,-~- cbed Ten Years Ago--Football letters to 10 high school athletes for their work last fall on the gridiron have been awarded, Coach "Doc" Kline announced today. Captain Phil Foster, "Doc" Eslick, George Woodruff, Stanley McClintock, Leon Bell, "Toad" Crofoot, "Chuck" Grippen, Joe Lillard, Harry Carragher and Johnny Cookman won letters. Royal H. Holbrook of Iowa State college at Ames will be the chief speaker at the annual meeting of the Retail Merchants association tomorrow night. Mrs. Harry Zebker will return Friday evening from Rochester, Minn. Mr. and Mrs. Robert McCune leave the first of April for Clear Lake where they will spend the summer months. Leland Irwin of the Standard Oil accounting offices left this morning for Hampton where he will perform duties for his company. TODAY IN HISTORY MARCH 18 Notables Born This Date--Andrew Jackson, seventh president. He couldn't spell--his secretaries had to go over his speeches and spell all the words correctly." * Harold Loy Ickes (Ick-es), born 1876, secretary of interior. * * George Nolan, called Brent, born 1904 (in Ireland), cinemactor. ** Lee Schubert, born 1875, theatrical producer. * * Reza Palilevi, shah of Persia, soldier of fortune who won one. /uswefs jesfions V ^ 44 B.C.--Caesar's wife, who was not above super-1 ar(l3 _ stition, learned that her premonition had become fact. | D | d _ As we know from the Roman historian Plutarch, she pos1 ^ How many day nurseries in New York City ? H. S. About 100, taking care of about 5,000 children whose mothers are employed. The fee ranges from 10 to '25 cents a day, except in special needy cases when no fee is charged. Are women today marrying older or younger than their mothers and grandmothers did? N. B. ·The age of marriage has advanced considerably. The greatest number of marriages now occurs between 22 and 26. What are knee action car wheels ? S. D. Individual front wheel suspension by means o£ soft springs. A physics textbook states that the highest and lowest temperatures recorded on the earth are 136 degrees and -90 degrees Fahrenheit. Are these correct and where were they recorded? D. H. The lowest temperature recorded at a meteorological station was -- 90 degrees Fahrenheit at Verkhoyansk, Siberia, Feb. 5 and 7, 1892. The highest temperatu- of which there is record was reached at Azizia in Tripoli, North Africa. What does serendipity mean'.' A. M. A faculty for finding valuable things unexpectedly. The word was coined by Horace Walpole from the title of the fairy story, The Three Princes of Serendip, because the princes were always making discoveries, by accidents and sagacity, of things they were not in quest of. What was the best German fighting plane during the World war ? The Halberstadt two seater was considered the best two seater airplane during the World war and its behavior in the air was good, according to modern fighting stand- Br 1. 3. MUNDY ; SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST Tou have gone through your life in a roughshod, heartless manner. Can you console yourself with the thought that those who are too weak to combat you, should expect to be crushed bv you and others? iou believe in the survival of the fittest and that weaklings will be trampled upon. Not only in your dealings with your equals have you manifested this cruel unsympathetic spirit. In a fight for supremacy with those fitted by experience and power to adopt tactics similar to those you so often follow, it might be expected that you would be unfeeling in your actions. They would not spare you if opportunity offered to give them an advantage. A time will come in your life when all that you have gained at the expense of brushing others will bring you only hours of regret. Then your worldly possessions won't compensate you for the accusations of your conscience. (L'ou;-riiut, 1831, KIEJ Features Sjudlcatc, luc.j dreamed that she held Caesar butchered in her arms; and begged him next morn not to go to the Roman senate. He put aside Calpurnia's fears and went to meet the senators who were gathering to offer him a crown. He was butchered, in the Curia Pompeiana (not the capitol, as Shakespeare has it). sia, wn ieh was the fOOT , of the virtue? S. N. sup|, ave an y It made them immortal. Nectar, the drink of the gods, also conferred immortality. What event was referred to as the Parisian wedding ? S. B. Lincoln, coffee, sug'ar, salt, whisky, blue calico, brown muslin, cotton chain, straw hats and women's hats were sold. The store was a common grocery where whisky was sold by the drink. Why wasn't Prince Leopold king as soon as his father died? N. P. In Belgium the monarch is king: of the Belgians. Until he sweare fealty to "the constitution, he has not qualified as king. This ceremony took place the day after the funeral of King Albert. How far from San Francisco is the grape country o£ California? H. P. The grape industry of California is most extensive in the rich and fertile valleys of the Sacramento and the San Joaquin, in central California. Some grapes are also grown in. portions of San Bernardino desert in southeastern California, but the center of the industry is within a radius of 15 miles of San Francisco. May questions be sent on post cards? O. C. Post cards should not be used unless of a type which provides for a reply. Coin or stamp should be sent in the letter to pay return postage. The information is free but the inquirer is asked to pay return postage. Address Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. Jn what poem are the lines; "Down to Gehenna, or up to tlur Throne, he travels the fastest who travels alone?'' L. N. Kipling's poem, The Winners. 1783--General George Washington had a rebellion I The massacre of St. Bartholomew, among his rebels to deal with. Troops of the Revolutionary army, having vainly petitionea congress for adjusted compensation, were organizing to overthrow the government they had created when Washington appeared before them at Temple hill, New Windsor, N. Y. His promise to do all in his power to get them justice, averted the insurrection. 1820--Maine (from Maine, an ancient province of France) became the twenty-third state. 1917--Ruler of the largest individual domain in world lost his possessions; Nicholas II abdicated as czar of Russia in favor of his brother, Grand Duke Michael. Next day Michael abdicated, and Prince Lvoif became premier and regent, a post he held until Kerensky became dictator in July. Kcrensky. of course, lasted only four months--until Lenin and Trotzky declared the red revolution. which took place on Aug. 24, 1572, during the festivities at the marriage of Henri of Navarre and Margaret of France. How many persons joined *hc Oxford Group? T. II. More than 500,000. How long was Lincoln a saloonkeeper or bartender? E. D. We find no statement to the effect that Lincoln was a saloonkeeper or a bartender. Your query probably has bc-an suggested by the fact that Berry and Lincoln bought the goods of a New Salem strre und conducted the store as their property. | In such a place, says the late Seim- j i.o:' BiVvTidgc ia his biography of ] AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "I fihvays know ·when Pa's cold is breakin' up. He thinks the greasy flannel on his chest has j u s t started to smell bad."

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