Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 20, 1931 · Page 3
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, February 20, 1931
Page 3
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~* · FEBRUARY 20 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE (Ettti A Leo Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the |IASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 23 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. MUSE ....................... Editor nfw. EARL HALL ............. Managing Editor ' LEE K LOOMIS ............ Business Manager m aiESt^EIl OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the · for publication of all news dispatches credited to jr not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all //ifcal news published herein. i ' - J SUBSCRIPTION RATES $fy P" year ?7.00 /'rally, per week 15 ' , Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake ^ pally, per year by carrier $7.00 y Daily, per week by carrier -15 ;ji i' Daily, per year by mail - ·. 4.00 I ] p months, 52.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month 50 , .Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year. 6.00 , v \ 6 months $3.25 3 months. 1.75 not less than $5,000,000, Figure tie gain on this score alone and the $300,000 wouldn't . even classify as chicken feed. j It is to Mr. Torgeson's credit ,tbat he voted in 'avor of the procedure bill under the terms of which the state bond measure would be submitted to the courts before the expense of an election 13 incurred. The bill came out of the senate Wednesday and the minute it becomes effective a taxpayer will file suit to test the validity of what is proposed. Properly the executive council will be permitted to employ an outside attorney to defend the case. A quick decision and appeal should be possible. Under the circumstances, perhaps Messrs. Torgeson, Hanson and Gunderson, individually or collectively, will wish to make some further use of our space. It will be freely given. Entered at the Pos toff ice at Mason City, Iowa, as \ Second Class Matter Time is generally the best medicine. TO CONTINUE THE ARGUMENT-- '] 'ROTH Representatives Torgeson of Worth county -j . and Hanson of Winnebago in their explanation of |f. - why they voted against submitting the proposed state T~t ; Toad bond issue to a vote of the people laid'primary $) 'stress upon the "unconstitutionality of the bill." Said 'Mr. Torgeson: "It is a gross violation of the constitution of the state of Iowa arid will not be sustained by » ' le supre .e court of Iowa." Mr. Hanson's view was ·-^ttne same in substance. ', In reaching this conclusion Mr. Torgeson has chosen , to accept the attorney general's opinion over that of li ·:' seven attorneys from all parts of the state, each of '?.,'' (whom in legal achievement, to say the least, has a k 'i Irecord equal to that of Mr. Fletcher. He has cast ' aside consideration of the fact that a test of the' con\ Btitutionality of the measure is contemplated before J the bill is put to a vote aerain- -, While it is of no great moment, we believe both ' Messrs. Torgeson and Hanson are in error in their ', belief that the attorney general gave an adverse ,' . opinion on the previous measure, approved by popular vote and found unconstitutional by the supreme court. ,: Mr. Torgeson states in unmistakable terms: "The con- f ; stitutionality of the road bond act of 1928 was attack:.'{ ed by the attorney general." ' * 'if j Our recollection is that the attorney general was not asked for an opinion by the legislature but that he turned down two requests from the governor for 'such an opinion, holding each time that he felt an 'interpretation of the bill would be outside the scope of \his department. Privately Mr. Fletcher was under- I'lstoodito believe in its constitutionality. And he argued .nstltutionality question for the state before the iferhe court-JlT- , TV?: 7"., .'."". . ' " ' . . . " Torgeson argues 'that It would have been ^'economy for the legislature to defeat the present pro, posal and save the expense of approximately ?300,000 which he thinks will be the cost of submitting it to a vote of_the people. While a fairer estimate of the !cost would probably be 5200,000, we will not oothej to quibble about a mere 33 1-3 per cent shrinkage item If the legislature had adopted this amendment the first week of its present session, as practically everybody in Iowa expected, as a matter of course, there could have been a vote this month and the validity determined by the supreme court in its April sitting. The bonds could have been dated as of May 1. On that date there will be $5,000,000 in county callable bonds bearing 5 per cent interest that could have been called In- and paid by the state bonds bearing 4. per p.ent interest, or even less. An actual saving to the state of $500,000 would have been thus effected In the year.between May 1, 1931, and'May 1, 1932. f 'The Worth county representative holds that the state bond plan will not hasten the completion of the present plan of paving 5,000 miles of primary roads as the county bond plan is fully as effective and in addition the county bonds may be retired within a period of 15 years »'$ against 20 years under the state plan. This is true if it were possible to assume that the 15 backward counties would vote county primary road bonds, which would mean a bonded indebtedness of approximately $118,000,000 instead of $100,000,000., But there is not the-slightest sign that these 15 counties which have not as yet voted bonds will do so. Mr. Torgeson should know from close-up observation how little it will profit Worth county to pave No. 9 and No. 105 unless Mitchell county can be induced to do likewise. Under the state bond plan, the paving of these two east and west roads thru Worth county and thru Mitchell county would be automatic. Without the state bond plan, the taxable valuation provision in the present law would preclude this mileage of paving in a single agricultural county. Haven't you, Mr. Torgeson, voted against additional paving for your own county--paving that would have been constructed without a penny of extra cost to Worth county tax payers or motorists? By the same token, Winnebago county would be discouraging if not actually closing the door on some essential connecting links of pavement. As matters now stand, it appears entirely likely that if the state Is not permitted to issue bonds and complete Its primary system, the legislators' representing the 34 counties which have voted bonds will enact a law prohibiting the state to -pave roads in counties refusing to authorize bonds until all the bonds outstanding in these 84 counties have been paid. If thai Is done, these 15 tardy counties will either have to vote bonds or go without paving for 15 yeaia. This is a matter which should be of Interest to Representative Brede Wamstad and other residents of Mitchell county Mr. Torgeson says the state bond proposal will not limit indebtedness. There has been authorized already approximately $100,000,000 in county primary road bonds and the other 15 counties can vote about $19,000,000 unless the legislature stops them from voting bonds, wbich Is extremely unlikely. The legislature could stop further bond-voting In the 84 counties Otherwise they could vote $50,000,000 or more in bonds Mr. Torgeson makes much of the- estimated expenditure cf 3300,000 involved in placing this issue before the people of Iowa. But he see;ns interested not at all in the fact that the state bonds would bear 4 per cent and take the place of county bonds which cost the elate 4% to B per cent. It would mean a saving of OTHER EDITORS AN AGE OF COMFORT ? Austin 1 Herald: Some folks would have us believe t our universities are melting- pots from which the finished product is uniform. Some advance the belief ;hat our colleges are no place for the fostering of ndivldualism but rather to mould the students into a fixed shape. Young women in particular are examples of that dead-level of uniformity and adherence to type, some people say. Strangely exponents of such theories have iome good arguments in their favor. But there is equally convincing evidence on the other side. Take a look at the Junior Ball for example. If you ever have attended a Junior Ball, which is the biggest social event of the year at the University of Minnesota or any other college, you will see a sight that will lead you away from thots that co-eds are lacking in individuality. Look over the list of gowns worn as described by the society editors and you will see about as many varieties as there were young women attending the event. Folk who want to con go on believing that this is an age of conformity, but we fail to see any bending to fixed types in the countless types of gowns. Until you look over the young women at a Junior Ball you may not realize how many different kinds of goods there are and how many combinations and variations are possible. Chiffon and beige lace with a beige lace scarf with pointed fox, pink organdie with embroideries and pin tucks decorating the hip section and top of flounce, sun-yellow linen lace with an accompanying jacket with flowers at the neckline of velvet, embroidered and plain batiste in pervenche blue with two peplums. You could hardly expect an adding machine to record the myriad varieties. Surely this can't be an age of conformity, for there is so much individualism. WASTES OF DIFFERENT KINDS Jefferson Bee: There are accusations of poor management of the Iowa State university. Mayhap! It would be strange if that huge institution, with its 9,600 students, did not have "waste" of some sort. It would he a hard job to conduct as large a business as the Iowa State university, and get it all done without some "waste," particularly when one building was constructed at a coat of nearly five millions of dollars. It seems that certain Iowa "reformers" are yelling about an interest sum of some $28,000 that they claim should be paid. However, some of the legislators who are getting themselves worked into a froth about the matter, did not think anything of voting- a 569,000 salary GRAB, a sum some $13,000 larger than double what^seems to be' missing in an "interest charge" at Iowa City. We presume the salary grab is not in the class of "waste" and yet tWose 69,000 simoleons were just as good fillers of the public purse as 528,000 of "interest" which is said to r be missing at Iowa State university. While some folks may claim them both to be a big STEAL, let us, lor argument's sake, just call them both "waste." FOR A COUNTY HEALTH UNIT Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: The city authorities of Dubuque will do well to take action notifying the county board of supervisors that they will be glad to unite the city health department with a county health unit, and co-operate in every way possible for the success of a broader organization that will work for the county as a whole, extending into the rural districts such benefits of better health administration as are enjoyed by the people of the city. The board of supervisors, in turn, will be doing the county a distinct service by authorizing the establishment of the health unit. The cost will be insignificant in comparison to the benefits, and to help carry on the work the federal government will contribute 53 600 annual^' It would require on expenditure by the county of only $4,440 in addition to the monies already being expended m the cause of health to carry on an efficiently organized county health unit. The pro'position deserves the earnest support of all the people. MODERN EDUCATIONAL METHODS Albert Lea Tribune: In Los' Angeles, cows and calves are now entering the public schools. An Associated Press dispatch to the Tribune states that the school boards survey taken last week reveals the startling- fact that only 25 per cent of the pupils of the schools have seen a cow and that only 50 per cent have seen a calf. Because of this the board is now Bringing the calves and cows to the schools by the truck load After reading this dispatch we are beginning- to believe that story about the city boy who went into the country for the first time and asked his father to point put the cow that gives the buttermilk. At SMITH'S CHANCES r h 5[ Ies City Press: Som e people can never take a »i, f erCt i, are mea advisln the "nomination of Al Smith, for the democratic nomination for president after receiving the most tremendous licking of any nom- lu ee ^ * party ' Hi3 frien 33 solace themselves with the thot that he received the largest vote of any of their nominees for the presidency, but the country is growing all the time and he received the smallest per- H^P,, Z 0t ?L of any Democratic nominee for the esidency. But the republicans would welcome the old fight over again. Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America. NEWS IN THE FIELDS (Read Lufe 2:1-20. Text, Luke 2:10). Fear not: lor behold, I bring you good tidings ot great The good news came first to humble men, not to the proud and the learned. And it came to them ir the solitude of their vigil in the fields. Lonely souls they were where the heavens dip and touch the earth How unimaginable that this scene should have been cast in the close streets of Jerusalem! There is some thing for us, In this city-dwelling age, to think about Where people are thickest, there life is apt to be thinnest. Where the noise of the world is loud the "still small voice" is not easily hoard. Where the eye is distracted with things the heavenly vision does .-break thru. "Peace on the earth, and good-will, j Souls that are gentle and still Hear the first music of that far-off, infinite bllsst.' Prayer: O God, Wlio dvvellest not in temples made will hands, and Who hast stretched out the heavens n a tent to dwell In, we lift our eyes unto the hills 1'rom whence cometh our help. Deliver us from the confusions of men that we may find the peace of God- Amen. THE OLD HOME TOWN By Stanley GOOD LANDS DOC, REMEMBER VJILUB IS ILL BE BACK MINUTE: i WANT rs TO -me AND SOME TOOL.S UTTUE BOY PLUMBERS IT DOMT ACHE NOW, MAVvW LITTLE Vvll-L)H WEI-LIVER D1DNT WAIT "TO FJND OUT THAT THE DENTIST .WAS USIN5 THOSE TOOLS TO TIGHTEN UP SOME l-FAKY -WATER PIPES DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clcndciilns cunnot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions am or general Interest, however, tlicy will he laken up, In order, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendenlng, care ot Tho Globe-Gazette. Wrlto legtbly and not more than 200 words. WHERE FACTS AND THEORY CLASH D OES SMOKING among women affect their offspring? Theory: "An anti-cigaret conference is responsible for the statement that there were recently 40 babies in one ward of the New York maternity hospital suf- '~ ; fering from tobacco heart, caused by the cigaret smoking of their mothers." ' Fact, (in. a letter from a French- Canaaian): "My mother has -n'een smoking since she was a girl. She will be SO years old next winter. She had 15 children, 13 boys and two girls; nursed every one of her children and reared 12, all of whom are living: and well." Theory: "Sixty per cent of all babies born of cigaret-smoking mothers die before they reach the age of 2, due primarily to nicotine poisoning." The Journal of the - ·* American Medical association at- Dr. Clendening tributes this statement to a Dr. Charles D. Barber. Fact: "Two years ago Professor Schrumpf-Pierron reviewed the medical literature for the committee to study the tobacco problem. The summary of his research Is accompanied by 70 pages of bibliography. There Is no mention of tobacco heart in new-born children. After a review of the published evidence, this conclusion is set forth: Smoking by women has no apparent influence over the functions of the genital system!" Does the use of tobacco shorten life? Well, if you will go to the old people's home, it can be guaranteed that you will see a number of human beings who have gained longevity in spite of exposure to tobacco. There are so many known instances of persons aged 90 to 100 years who began using tobacco as early as 4 years old that it would take too much space to recount them. Does tobacco cause indigestion? "On the alimentary tract, the most common symptoms complained of in the excessive use of tobacco are loss of appetite and chronic intestinal catarrh. Hunger is inhibited by continuous smoking. The habit seems to favor duodenal ulcer, and many specialists in their treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers forbid the use of tobacco." (Mendenhall, of Harvard). QUESTIONS FROM READERS L. C., Stevens Point, W5s.: "I have been told that old people and children should not eat eggs. Will you advise if this is correct?" Answer: Dr. McKim Marriott in his book "Infant Nutrition," says: "Up to the age of 14 months the Infant should receive the yolk of one egg daily. The raw yolk may be mixed with the milk or it may be fed with a spoon. After the age of 14 months or 15 months a whole soft boiled egg should be fed daily or should he alternated with meat feedings." ^"~Old people can also eat eggs with benefit. EARLIER DAYS Selnff a Bully Conipllnnoji or IntorrsHnjr Itrnj.i from *1 'Twenty Years AGO" Files o! the Glolie-Gaicttc. Mr. and Mrs. H. I. Prusla arrived home today from an over Sunday visit ia Des Moines. The executive council of the Iowa Stc.ce Bankers association will meet in Mason City March 3 to make final arrangements for the meeting of the state bankers annual here in June. The council consists of the executive committee of the state association and the chairmen of the various divisions. Willis G. C. Bagle; is chairman of the third division and will act as hosi with other members while the distinguished visitors are here. Plans for the erection of a two story tmilding facing Sixth street at the rear oE the Parker operc .nouse. are-being formulated by Garvey and Mulgrew The lower port of the building, first floor and base ment will be used for a plumbing shop while th upper story is to be arranged for living quarters. A dispatch states that the disappearance of Mis Dorothy Arnold, the daughter of a wealthy importe of New York city, has involved the police of two con Unents ia an effort to find - a trace of her. More o less tangible clews have appeared in every leading city of the United States and one from Italy causec the girl's mother and brother to make a trip to tha country to interview one of Miss Arnold's admirers Wanted At Once: Engineer and custodian at Mem orial university. Good wages, staacly employment Apply to A. E. Buffkin at university not later than 10 a. m. Tuesday. Miss Anna Means entertained a company of teacH- ers Saturday evening at the home of Mrs. G. M. Woodruff on North Washington avenue in compliment to her sister, Miss Vera Means, who is visiting in this city from her home in Paris, 111. The evening was spent in purely a social manner and the guests enjoyed a happy evening. The Sacramento Bee, published in the capital city of California, comes out with a full page extra and a special carrier boy announcing the arrival of Jay D Nichols of Mason City, who has been spreading Mason City optimism tlirtifiut the western cities for the pas fortnight. The "special" indicates in bold headlines that Mr. Nichols is in town, that there was a greal reception accompanied by the unusual ceremony of the mayor handing over the keys of the city plus a banquet and a brass band in his honor and as a pre face to all this jollity he was met at the train by the governor ami staff. Colonel Nichols' reception was thi talk of the town and was also the theme of quiet con versation between the colonel and his wife at the banquet table. However, Mason City need not be alarmed, for Mr. Nichols promises to return in time to furnish the city with its early supply of gree 1 !! pea; and ripe watermelons. Sixty plates will be laid this evening for the brotherhood meeting at the Methodist church. Then will be addresses by the heads of the various depart ments of the church and a very profitable 03 well as enjoyable meeting is anticipated. A change .has been made in the letter drops at the postoffice which are now on the side of the lobh instead of at the end and between the general delivery and the stamp windows. This arrangement makes i more convenient for the patrons of the office and i also more convenient for the clerks. F. R. Currie, S. R. Miles and A. R. Sale are in De Moines this week attending the annual convention o the Iowa Hardware dealers association. JUST FOLKS CopyrtBhled 1531 --------jj y EDGAR A. GUEST INCIDENT Said he, profits are low, I must let some one go; And he looked all about As if choosing him out, Who could best brave the storm, And not wish to be warm. "Not that one," he said; "His wife's ill in bed! And not he, over there. He has burdens to bear; Nor the one I heard say: 'We've a child on the way. 1 " He heard the wind roar, Banging shutter and door; Saw the torturing sleet Driving men from the street, -As he walked slow of pace t The full length of the place. To his desk he returned: "Tho but little we've earned," He remarked with a smile, "We must hang on a while; I find none to dismiss In such weather as this." YouR'E THE JUDGE Have we had tho plejxanns of aervlnc you thru oar \YnAhInKtnn. Information ourfim, Cfln't ive be of some- help to yon In your problems? Our buslneHA U to fnmJBh yon with authoritative Intammtlon, and we Invlto you to ask us any fineatfon of fact In which you arc InterfRtpa. Send your Inquiry to the Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, Frederlo J. Ilaskln, Director, Washington, 1. O. Inclose 2 centd In tout or stomps for return postage. Q. If n, cable Is sent to Paris, how oon can aft answer bo expected? I. A. H. A. With conditions right, within a alf day. It would depend upon how rowdecj the circuits might he, and pon finding the person promptly o whom the message was sent. Q. What was the deformity of the ormer kaiser? I. H. A. His left arm is paralyzed. At he time of his birth the'Shoulder ocket was torn away and the urrounding muscles so severely njured that with the comparatively 'raited knowledge of surgery at hat time, no doctor would attempt o re-adjust it, Q. What are the colors and the csign of the Christian flag? Mrs. V.' L. T. A. The Christian flag consists of a field of white, in the corner of vhich is a union of deep hlue, and m this union is superimposed a red TOSS. ' · Q. What was the anthaclte coal ituation in 1930? H. F. A. Total production was 8 per :ent less than in 1029. ' Q.What shape is a jellyfish? O. B. A. It is merely a shapeless mass. t rolls along, in a manner, swimming. Q. How many apartments in .Vushington, D. O.? J. K. A. On Nov. 1, 1930, there were 1410 apartment buildings with 39,848 units. Q. Were any bricks lirnt over rom England for building purposes n early colonial days? A. C. A. It is unlikely because there vas an abundance of excellent brick clay here and no reason for im- jorting brick. Q. Wlmt is a person's I. Q. ? C. H. A. The intelligence quotient or T. Q." of a person is determined Dy multiplying the mental age by 100 and dividing- by the actual age. Thus the intelligence quotient of a normal person is 100. A person with an "I. Q." below 80 is rated as subnormal, while one with an "I. Q." above 120 is rated as gifted. About five persons in 100 will be found to be 20 below normal and about five 20 above normal. Q. Who wrote "Arabian Nights?" W. B. . A. No one knows. It Is thot that the stories were derived by tha Arabians from India thru Persia. They were first Introduced into Europe at the beginning of the 18th century thru tha medium of tho French translator Antoine Galland. Lane was the first Englishman to translate them worthily. The pres- mt form dates from 1500. Q. Why is Maryland called the Cochado state? B. G. A. Maryland revolutionary troopa wore cockades. Q. Who Is at tho head of the Hus- slim government now? A. M. A. It is a federation of soviet republics, seven in number, with the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic at the head. The nominal heads of this union are the chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars, but tho real head of the government !s the Dictator . Stalin (real name Joseph Vissar- ionovitch. DJushvilH) who heads the central executives committee of the soviet organization. · Q. Is there a tomb of an Unknown Soldier of tho Revolutionary war? M. C. A. Yes. In tho ourial ground of the Old Presbyterian Church of Alexandria, Va», according to Information furnished by the George Washington Bl-centennial commission for the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the birth of George Washington. The grave of this Unknown Soldier was not discovered until 1828, after the body had been interred . for 50 years. In 1929, a suitable monument was erected with funds donated by the children of America. It was dedicated by the late James W. Good, then secretary of war. Q. How many dry doclts in TJ. S. will accommodate tho Leviathan? N. T. A. Only two. The Boston navy yard and the dock at the Norfolk navy yard. However, the Norfolk navy yard Is not yet accessible to the Leviathan, because the channel which approaches it needs further dredging in order to allow passage of the Leviathan. BO-BROADWAY "By JOSKFn VAN HAAI.TE- N EW YORK, Feb. 20.--If a hotel register could talk, the dignified silence of the New York public library would he shattered by a babble of 10,000,000 voices in all tongues. For down in the well- guarded vaults are more than 300 volumes, comprising the register for 35 years of the old Waldorf-Astoria hotel, which has been presented to the library.-With the new Waldorf opening up next fall on Park avenue memories of the millions of patrons of Its noted predecessor are preserved in their own script. M ONICKERS BY MILLIONS-Autograph collectors and handwriting analysts will find delight in the volumes of this register--a veritable international directory of a third of a century. From that memorable day, March 13, 1893, when George C. Boldt first opened the doors of the original Waldorf, and Jnmes B. Kissam was the first man to affix his name to the register, over the years, to May 1, 1929, approximately 10,069,472 signatures were penned in its columns. · * · pOLL OF HONOR--Thumbing the · pages one finds at a cursory glance, wide variety: LI Hung Chang; Prince Henry of Prussia, the Kaiser's brother; King Albert and Queen Elizabeth of Belgium. Lloyd George, McKinley. Grovcr Cleveland, old Colonel Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson, Harding, Coolldge and. Hoover. Buffalo Bill, Charles Froh- han, Nat Goodwin, Mr. and Mrs. John Drew, Mark Hanna, "Diamond. Jim" Brady, Lillian Russell, J. p, Morgan, Marse Henry Watterson, Alexander Graham Bell, John L. Sullivan, .General Pershing, Mary Piclcford, Doug Fairbanks, "Betcha- Million" Gates, Poincare, Colonel Thomas Ochiltree, of Texas. Millions of names. Tens of thousands of memories. /""LEAN FOOD--On the subject of * hotels: The statistician at the New Yorker, Manhattan's largest hotel--temporarily--writes to advise me that the national chorus of bathtub singers and shower gurglers hag ijrown to such volume that soap and water figures at his hostelry read like astronomic distances. Give a statistician a start like that, on a clear track with the wind behind his ears, and Imagine the result. Listen to this: "At the New Yorker 850,000 gallons of water are used dally and approximately 5,000 cakes of soap." Then he adds this interesting bit of information: "Travelers consume far worn soap and water, per capita, than they did a few years ago." I shall have to drop over to tha New Yorker some sunny afternoon and watch the guests "consuming" the soap. Sights of a big city! Who's Who and Timely Views SHORTER WORKING DAY URGED By MISS MARY ANDERSON Director, Federal Women's Bureau. Mary Anderson was born nt Udkonlne, Sweilcn. AUK. 27,' 1872. She came to the Unllctl Stalea at the ace ol 16, anil entered'the carmen! malting Industry at West rullman, Chlcapo. Later eho xvas In a Ehoa raclory for 18 yearn. Then Bho traveled thruout the llnltnil Slate* a.1 an oranliT or women In Ihe National Bnot anil shoe Wnrkcrs 1 union. ServlfiK aa luuutnnt to Ihe clilef ot the women's bureau denartmrnt. or lalwr. ror a time, «ho was appointed director In 1010, which pout Bile has since held She la a member or several national lahor and other organizations. T M ISS MARY TRIPP had been private secretary to J. Appel Dunk, the general manager of the firm of Dunk Brothers and company, for some years. But one day some disagreeable words passed from the manager to Miss Tripp and as a result Misg Tripp arose, put on her hat and fur, resigned her position, and left ^the office. Next day Mr. Dunk engaged a new private secretary and the first dictation he gave her was a letter to Miss Tripp, in which he expressed some suspicions against her and made several accusations. Miss Tripp received the letter the following day. When she read its contents she flushed violently and said the letter was a gross libel on her reputation and in view of the fact that it had been dictated to a third person she believed there had been the required publication to enable her to recover damages in court. She sued. HE QUESTION of the time a person should spend at a job is a topic in every scheme and program as outlined by different groups of our citizens for r e l i e v i n g the grave, unemployment situation, has been as never before that the ,1'zed time on the job is a matter that llnka up closely with the welfare and happiness of people, figures It How would you decide this case? iSr.ikc up your nil ml before you read tho decision. The ik-clslon: The rourt held npnfnRt Mlsa Tripp. The JudKcs reasoned thus: It Is true that a third person informed or the Illieloli-i matter makes T'llhllnaUon complete and enahli'H tht! Injured party to recover damaKes, hut In this case Ihe third person could not ho held a.s a neparale entity. That person and the Kencrat manager together completed the one act, and since they w e r e considered as one- person there wan not the rcccs.iary publication to enable Miss Tripp to recover damages. an important fac- ,^_^___ tor in the P r °b- ilory AndtrsoQ 'em of overproduction, or rather 11 n d er-consump- ton, and Is therefore today constantly uppermost in the minds of our people. , The shorter workday is, to be sure, not the cure-all for the economic ills that beset vis, but would prove an efficacious remedy if universally resorted to. If we established thniout the world a reasonable working schedule, and by reasonable I do not mean a nine or ten-hour day, but one of eight hours or less, and perhaps a five-day week as well, we} profitabl would go a Jong way towards tha goal of satisfacf.ory settlement of nuemployment difficulties. Tho some employers proved long ago that the shorter workday was a sound practice, insuring profits in dollars and cents to the firm and greater health and happiness returns to employes, many other shortsighted employers persistently cling to tho theory that the long day is more productive and therefore must be continued in order to bring in higher dividends at the expense of the workers. So far there have been three ways of achieveing the standard of tho short workday; first, by employers themselves; second, by legislation; third, by agreements between trade unions and employers. The first way, if generally adoptee!, would make the other two methods unnecessary. History has proven, however, that in a competitive system voluntary adoption of the short day by all employers cannot be expected. Legislation is the surest method, of guaranteeing workers an eight- hour day and carries the widest application. Go-operation between employers and trade unions was probably the first means of proving that tha short day was not only possible but

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