The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 29, 1937 ツキ Page 1
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, January 29, 1937
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テつキ|.Vfi!t.ON E R :,^ H I S M E M ^ E テつ」 P T O F I O f t A ' : P f 3 MO | H E S I .i NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS N E I G H H O R S " H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII FIVE CKNTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 99 FLOODS BEGIN INVASION OF SOUTH U. S. Relief Was Ready Depression Setup Aid to Preparing for Flood. Wallace Denies 1937AAA Plan to Be Dropped By CHARLES P. STEWART r A S H I N G T O i V , (CPA).-- T h e I-- M--/~j United States is 17 * / " u n d e r obligations to the de- prcssion for one thing, anyway: The relief machinery created in the last four y e a r s h a s equipped t h e government to meet emergencies like this season's flood disaster with a maximum of speed and efficiency. Federalagen- cies admittedly were taken by surprise by the magnitude of their task as ' conditions developed themselves. Yet at President Roosevelt's order they threw themselves into it with the competency of long preparation. It was as if they had been organized for the particular purpose of. the moment. What makes the present flooas so'cspecially destructive is Ihe fact that they have swept such thickly settled areas. Furthermore, they came with exceptional suddenness. Inundations due to the-melting of heavy snows can be foreseen and folk in the valleys which seem certain to suffer can be warned well in advance to take whatever precautions are possible. Peculiar Weather. The current season's peculiar weather, however, was unpredictable until Ihe waters already were ...--, rising dangerously. Day-by-day ,. 1 Jorecasts, of :cqurse, .were made as K-JrJsual/^btit'.nearly^a^Trtonth^of^aU. テつキテつキ./' most.contiguous.drenching downpours throughout so large a por- . tion of the country was mucn more than weather experts confess they had counted on. About, once in every three or four years devastating floods sweep considerable paris of the country. During each of these visitations the cry of never again is .heard from congressional commitlees on irrigation, reclamation, rivers and harbors and flood control: It continues to echo and re-echo for a few months after each successive flood has subsided. Fades Away Gradually. Tlien il fades away gradually until the next overflow. it is not altogether that nothing Is done between inundations. There is plenty of levee building. New floodways are constructed. Fresh spillways are provided. Controls of various sorts are devised. These precautions are partially effective in spots. But whenever they prevent a flood in one area they tend to aggravate matters elsewhere. The nub oテつ」 meteorology seems to be: A certain amount of water must find its way from the northern uplands t o the ocean, or more particularly the Gult of Mexico, If one of its .channels is obstructed it inevitably finds an- olhor once. Army engineers say they have solved the problem but never have been permitted to make their solution effective. . Contrcil Headwaters. Their prescription: Control hendwalers. Dam up little streams. J4ot try to keep the water from finding its levtl ultimately. That is hopeless. But keep vain water and melting snow from running off loo rapidly. Then, although there still will be occasional fresh- els, they will not be bad ones. However, down-river communities do not like this program. They want down-river engineering because it is locally profitable. The up-river folk are correspondingly unenthusiastic at the idea of being taxed to protecl down-stream population. They do not have floods where they live. They furnish the water which overflows the lower reaches of the big rivers, but their motto is: "Let Ihe down-stream inhabitants foot the bill." II is nol a sound" argument, but il lakes an expert to understand why flood prevention should ccn- ler in scales which are not af- llicled' by floods. The congressional praclicc, therefore, is to vote money to control floods which already have become uncontrollable while refusing appropriations to nip floods in their incipiency. "EVER NORMAL GRANARY" GOAL OFDEPARTMENT Farmers Grain Dealers of Iowa Hear Secretary of Agriculture. DES MO1NES, ()--Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace announced here Friday his department plans to effect, as fast as possible, an ever normal granary program as a step to wipe out "feast and famine" economics. Wallace declared "there is not one word of truth in the rumors being circulated that we plan lo drop the 1937 AAA program." Addressing the Farmers Grain Dealers associalion of Iowa here, he asserted the administration plans to carry out the 1937 agricultural conservation program with few modifications of announced plans. "I do believe we should build up reserve supplies of grain to a point where we can have an adequate carryover," the secretary stated. Produce All They Can. "And I do think," he continued, "with conditions as they are, that with normal weather this coming year farmers should and will produce all they can without undermining the fertility of the soil. "The 1937 soil conservation program was designed to do exactly this. Of course we must build up adequate reserve supplies of grain before _ we-can.; proceed with an ever jjorraa'l 'granary : pi:tigi!am~" Wallace said the AAA was proceeding with the 1937 larm program "because it is an equitable and-fair approach to the adjustment necessary to give /air treatment to the producer and the consumer, and to maintain fertility of the soil. Loans oh Commodities. 'Once we have gotten back onto a basis of adequate supply and carryover, then we can proceed to carry out a surplus storage or ever normal granary plan with loans on commodities in excess of consumer needs." The secretary said he was surprised that farmers could have gained from what he said earlier i this week "any idea of an intention to abandon Ihe 1937 soil conservation program." "Some of these pi-ess stories and radio press reports," he said, lenddd to confuse farmers, but my Iowa farmer friends should know me better than that. Will Announce Changes. "We'll take pains to inform them duly,. adequately and clearly on any important changes in policy and in the meantime farmers may rest assured that we will do our part and expect them to do their part to carry out the 1937 program." Wallace declared this year presents "unusual opportunities for doing something about the ever normal granary or crop or crop insurance to stabilise bolh supplies and prices of farm products and do away with wide variations which lie termed "feast and famine" economics. "It is exceedingly i m p o r t a n t that prices of farm producls not go too low in the event we should raise this year or ne.\t more than enough grain to bring our reserve supplies up to an adequate basis," the secretary said. Round by Round The Joe Louis-Bob Pastor boxing match at New York Cijy will be brought to Norlh Iowa radio lisleners through KGt 9, starting at 8:30 o'clock Friday night. TUNE TN AT 12)0 KG. lifeL:^,._.:_ = Boat Cruises Into Paducah Hotel Some idea of the depth of water in Paducali, Ky., isolated by mighty flood waters of the Ohio.river, can be gained by this pict: re.' A motor boat nuts into the largest hotel in the city, the Irvin Cohb, named after the famous humorist. 12 Navy Seaplanes Come Down cm .Honolulu-Harbor. n' '-*' i V: r f T 7 -1'". T lr\ 'テつキ:''''テつキ %vi"-'V"'' ! : "**''テつキ ^'""-"- テつキテつキ'"''-" ^ テつキテつキテつキ テつキテつキJ-V"--:'. 1 '^ " ' ~ 'テつキ' SEAMEN STRIKE END IS SIGHTED Leaders of Longshoremen and Sailors Report to Frisco Mayor. SAN FRANCISCO, (W) -- The end of Ihc long maritime strike was reported in sight Friday by maritime leaders. Harry Bridges, longshoremen's leader, and Harry Lundebcrg, sailors' secretary, informed Mayor Angelo J. Rossi that a rapid scries of negotiations h a d v brought the long shipping tieup near an end. "There is a growing sentiment in the rank and file for settlement and nothing can change the sentiment for settlement at this time," Bridges declared. Burns Victim Burled. WEBSTER CITY, (/P)--Funeral services were held here Friday tor Mrs. G. I. Spurling, 79, f a t a l l y burned when her dress caught fire while she leaned over a cook stove at her home a week ago. v Finish Longest 'Over Water Mass Flight in Less Than 22 Hours. H O N O L U L U , (fP)--Battling through thick weather in the last stages of their record breaking flight, twelve huge United Slates naval seaplanes completed the longest over water mass flight in history at 3:50 a. m. Friday (8:20 a. m. CST). They officially covered the 2,553 miles from San Diego to Honolulu in 21 hours, 48 minutes elapsed lime. During the last .100 miles (be squadron maneuvered between altitudes of 2,000 and 15,000 feet lo escape what Lieut. Commander AVilliam H. McDade described as "very had weather." In Bright Moonlight. They came out into bright moonlight, sparkling on the calm waters, as they flew over the Pearl Harbor naval base in perfect formation, their flying lights twinkling. The first plane came down on the harbor at 4:29 a. m. (8:59 a. m. CST). The official takeoff time from San Diefio was announced as fi:02 a. m., Honolulu time, Thursday, and Ihe arrival at Pearl Harbor as 3:50 n. m. Friday. One Previous Flight. The only previous mass trans- Pacific f l i g h t was three years ago when Lieut. Commander Kneffler McGinnis led a squadron of six naval planes on- another "routine" flight of 2,400 miles from San Francisco bay. The elapsed time then was 24 hours, 45 minutes, about three hours longer for the shorter distance. Friday Commander McDade led his squadron in circling the harbor for 39 minutes before the first plane swooped down to a perfect landing on the calm, flood-lighted channel. Only lf0 speclators, mostly families of the 80 fliers, were on hand to watch the end of the spectacular demonstration of the precision of n a v a l flying. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Snow or rain in KX- Ircmr cast portion and snow in renlral and west portions Friday night and Saturday; rising (cmperafurcs Friday night, colder in west portion Saturday. M I N N E S O T A : Occasional snow Friday night and Saturday: not so cold Friday night; colder In west portion Saturday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a. m. Friday: m a x i m u m Thiirsilay II Minimum In tiic night 7crn At 8 a. m. Friday 8 INJURIES KILL ATTACK VICTIM Albert Lea Sheriff Seeks Former Employe as Man Who Hit Farmer. ALBERT LEA, Minn., /P)-Lawrence Cipra, f a r m e r who was Ihe victim of a savage attack with an iron bar, died early Friday in a hospital here w i t h o u t regaining consciousness Sheriff Holmcr C. Myrc said he sought Leonard Gade, former em- ploye of Cipra, as the man assaulled the man, Reuben farmer, Mollcr, hi.s hired and Mrs. FARM AID BILL DEBATE STARTS IN LEGISLATURE House Members in Attacks on Moratorium Act as Not Adequate. DES MOINES, (.T)--The Iowa legislature ended its third week Friday by starling consideration of the farm mortgage moratorium bill, the first major proposal to come before the assembly. The bill would continue for two more years the law giving judges the power to postpone foreclosure .iclions. Debate on Ihe measure started in the house Friday morn- tug. The debate didn't last long, however, after a trio of representatives attacked the bill as it stands as inadequate and declared it should be revised to make thn mortgage moratorium law "really effective." Representative Dean W. Pciseu (R) of Eldora and Representative Robert Blue (R) of Eagle Grove, both declared that the district courts had found it impossible, on occasion, to apply Ihe law because of supreme court decisions, which though they upheld constitutionality of the measure, laid down stringent requirements which had to be met by the debtor seeking to save his property from foreclosure. Adjourn Until Monday. Representative C. G. Johnson (D) of Marathon, a farmer, joined thera.Liv,.th.e-attack,; ,and-ihe;houss voted by acclamation to refer (he measure to committee for further study. Before a d j o u r n i n g until 10 a. m., Monday, the house passed a conc u r r e n t resolution previously passed by the senate, which asked congress to permit federal reserve banks to pay interest on demand deposits, such as public funds. The senate earlier adjourned lo the same hour. The house opened its session with the introduction of a number of bills, i n c l u d i n g the state taxpayers association proposal to establish a state budget appeal board to which taxpayers could carry their objections to increased coun- and local government budgets. Civil Service Extension. Other bills would allow extension of t h e civil service system in lown cities and towns; counly boards of. supervisors to operate Sarah Johnson, cook at the farm. The latter two were recovering. テつキMoller was bealen over the head .with the same bar with which Cipra was fatally injured, and Mrs. Johnson, suffered frozen legs when she ran a mile to get aid. Mrs. Johnson said Cipra had discharged Cade Tuesday when he refused to cease his unwelcome attentions to her. County Ally. Elmer R. issued a first degree murder warrant naming Gade and summoned a grand j u r y to consider Ihe case. Member of School Board Also Student in Freshman Class KEOKCJK, (lf"i--Leo Foster is 32 years old, a worthy young married man and a member of the Luray, Mo., school board, lie is also enrolled as a regular student in the freshman class of the Luray high school. Unable lo attend high school as a youth, Foster says that 1 he is tiappy to have the opportunity now of acquiring additional knowledge as a student in Ihc school of which he is a director. , Luray is in the western part of Clark county, Missouri, 35 miles west of here and has a population of 200 persons. LOOK I N S I D E FOR- All Time Record (or Auto Deaths in 1 936 ON PAGE 2 Matty Bell Thinking Over Iowa Grid Job ON PAGE 9 Refugees Reach Former Home in Emmelsbui'g ON PAGE 8 Full Page of Scenes From Flood Section ON BACK PAGE STUDY VERDICT IN SOVIET TRIAL Court Hears "Final Words" of Defendants; Some Ask Mercy. MOSCOW, collegium of UPj--The Ihc soviet military supreme county limestone quarries, chiropractors to practice physical therapy and treat indigent patients and inmates of state institutions, and the levy of a half mill lax by cities and towns to pay for snow and ice removal. The senate, after receiving a proposal to exempt food and some wearing apparel from the 2 per cent sales tax, set consideration of the mortgage moratorium b i l l s for Monday. The sales tax exemption measure was filed by Senator L. H. Doran ( R ) of Bonne. Sales Tax Exemptions. The proposal was an amendment to Ihe homestead tax exemption bill which in one section provides for continuance of the tax. court retired Friday night to consider ils verdict against 17 seemingly doomed men on ( r i a l for plotting I lie overthrow of Russian government. Presiding .ludgc Vastly Ulrich recessed court at 7:10 p. rn., (11:JO a. m.,) (C. S. T.) The verdict of the judges' was expected around midnight (4 p. m., CST.) The court had previously heard "final words" from the defendants, some of whom pleaded tor mercy while others attacked the prosecution. The sales lax expire this Storms Spread Havoc Over Western Europe LONDON, (/P)--Stubborn storms spread havoc on land and water across western Europe Friday. At least 68 persons were reported to spring unless re-enacled. In addition to exempting sales of food, which comprise one of the major items of sales lax rc- ccipls, Doran's amendment would exempt the lax on sales of clothing where the price of each item does not exceed where the price less. On Ihe senate calendar Friday $1.50 and slices is $2 a pair or were bills two mortgage moratorium to continue, amend- havc perished at sea. Music Director Dies. OSKALOOSA, (/P)--Miss Sara Williams, 71, "director of music in Oskaloosa schools for 25 years, died here late Thursday night following a long illness. Bond Issue Approver!. EDDYVILLE, (71')-- Voters approved a 1515,000 bond issue for a high school gymnasium and a u d i - torium here Thursday 385 to !)!). menls, the stale mortgage moratoriums u n t i l March 1, 1939. One of Z Key Bills. The homestead tax bill itself was one of two key measures sent to subcommittees for final s c r u t - iny before they appear on the floor of the assembly. The senate ways and means commitlcc picked three men to study the homestead tax exemption bill and three to consider the b i l l to reduce stale income taxes. Senator Earl Dean (D) of Mason City, Senator William S. Beardsley (R) of New Virginia, and Sen- alor Lester S. Gillette (D) of Fostoria took up the homestead bill. Scnalor Sam D. Goelsch (D) of Decorah, Gillellc, and Senator Charles B. Hoeven (R) of Albia will make a final study of the income tax reduction measure. Over $15,000 Collected. DES MOINES, (.TV--Red Cross o f f i c i a l s reported Friday t h a t S13,- テつキ4G2.7S of the DCS Moincs flood relief quota of $21,000 had been col- lecled here. ICarl Radek, former authoritative commentator for the Newspaper Izvcstia, predicted the probable decision when he said def i a n t l y : "We shall pay for our crimes with our heads." In varying m o m e n t s of an^or and abjection. Radck a d m i t t e d treasonable arls against the soviet ;ovcrnmcnt of Joseph Stalin bill classed his crime as "political, nothing else." "I a d m i t the treason," hn shouted. "1 do not defend myself. There are no e x t e n u a t i n g circumstances.' His ; final words," directed to judges of the m i l i t a r y collegium of the supreme court before they were to retire to consider a verdict, contraslcd s h a r p l y with the dignified pleas for mercy from another defendant, Gregory -Sokolni- koff, former ambassador to Great Britain. "The confessions, Ihe i n d i c t m e n t and the evidence have buried u Sokolnikoff declared. "However, I beg the court's mercy." Government Plans Flood Cleanup Job WASHINGTON, (.V)---The government organized a cleanup campaign iii the wake of the disastrous Ohio river flood Friday even while it prepared to combat the growing flood menace on the lower Mississippi. President Roosevelt said Harry L. Hopkins, WPA chief; Major General Edwin M. M a r U h a m , chief of army engineers; Surgeon General Thomas'Parran, Jr., ami Colonel C. F. Harrington of the WPA engineering staff would arrive in Memphis Monday to begin a survey of the devastated section. Their findings will determine the number lo be placed on relief. Provision for a starling relief roll of 200,000 is underway. To Get UFC Loans. The president said individuals in need of small financial assistance, will receive donations from the Red Cross and that businessmen may obtain loans from the Reconstruction corporation in restoring their mined' stocks. The president is considering sending three special messages to congress. One of them will deal with conservation of water resources. Mr. Roosevelt declined at hi.s press conference Friday to disclose the subjects of the others. Neutrality Legislation. Discussing a wide variety o[ spujects, tiie president said plans for permanent, n e u t r a l i t y legisla- ioi) are in the secondary studj stage. lie told reporters he had already talked with Chairman Pitlmah (D., Ney.,) of the senate foreigi velations'-commiUee'-and-Secretarj Hull on the subject. Republican congressmen begai a drive to extend the social security act's pension system to farmers and domestic servants anc lo put it on a "pay-as-you-go" basts. Senator Vandcnberg (R. Vlich.) introduced a resolution to that effect in the seriate; Rcpre- senlalive Reed (R., N. Y.,) took similar act Jon in the house. Justice Stone Returns. Associate Justice Marian F Stone of the .supreme court returned to Washington from Sea island Beach, Ga., to resume his duties on the bench. Stricken wit' dysentery last f a l l , he said he was " J'inc." The war d e p n r l m c i i L announcec w i n t e r maneuvers for its headquarters air force would be heir the v i c i n i t y of Selfridgc field Mich., From Feb. 1 to 24. At his press conference Prcsi dent Roosevelt disclosed he i: studying possible new labor leg islation but has come to no con^ elusions. He said he had talked with the business advisory coun cil about control of hours ant wages and child labor. Second Victim of Army Plane Crash Dies in Hospital WASHINGTON, I'/Pl--Lieut. Jo| seph B. Z i m m e r m a n died Friday \ in Waller Heed hospital--the sec- HELD IN BREMER EXTORTION PLOT Eiclcn Arrested al Si. Paul for Demanding $10,000 From Banker. WASHINGTON, (/?)--.T. Edgar Hoover said Friday t h a t federal agents had arrested Kj-cd Eiden at St. Paul, Minn., on charges of attempting lo extort SI0,000 from Edward G. Bremcr, wealthy St. Paul banker. Bremer once before was the target of a kidnap gang. Hoover, director of the federal bureau of investigation, said F^iden was arrested Thursday and that he" had admitted writing the extortion letter. Bremcr wa.s kidnaped by /テつキ,h'in Karpis and others -Ian, 1". 11134. After being held captive 21 days he was released on payment of a S20fl,000 ransom. The extortion l e t t e r f i g u r i n g in thn fCidcn case was mailed at St. Paul lo Bremcr last Monriny. MISSISSIPPI'S WATERS COVER FARMS, TOWNS Flood Crest of Ohio .River Hovering Just Above Paducali, Ky. lly THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Flood waters of the north, un- denting Jitter a $400,000,01)0 courge of the Ohio river valley, icgaii a plundering invasion into he heart of the deep south Friday. Scores of villages and countless amis along the 200 mile stretch rom Cairo, 111., to Memphis, i'enn., swam deep in the rising rcllow tide of the Mississippi, fed it a rate of nearly .1,000,000 cubic ect a second by the falling Ohio The crest was still tn come-low hovering just above Paducali, y. Anxiety deepened in the bc- caeunred city of Cairo--n sunken stand citadel GO feet below the テつキiver--as the waters crept o m i - nously higher. Tide laches XJpu'artl. Silently, through the night, the debris littered tide inched upward, reaching a stage of 58.4 feet-almost to the point reached before the Birds Point-New Madrid "fuse plug" was dynamited to save the city. A new three foot bulwark oC sandbags, topping the GO foot seawall, lent some comfort to the 5,000 remaining i n h a b i t a n t s . 11 was still to be tested, however, and Ihe river was only 1.6 feet below the top of the concrete wall. Army engineers predicted a crest of 62 feel. Ranging southward from Cairn, a pick and s.hovel army of 100,000 _toiled__likc beavers, to fortify the billion^dollar 'levee system thai guards the rich cotton delta lands along the Mississippi. Cover New Territory. The surge of the flood, gathering enormous pressure from t h o bloated Ohio, spread over new territory Friday. The pilot of a p l a n e r e t u r n i n g from Memphis after an aerial survey of the Calro-lo-Memphis danger zone, reported whole villages under water. The village of Tomato, Ark., was reported eaves deep in m u d d y floodwatcrs. Most of the 300 residents parched in barn lofts, in allies and in second story rooms--テつキ wailing to be rescued or determined to "stick it out." On "I'lckct nitty." U n i t e d Slates coast guard cnl.- loi's s h u t t l e d up and down the res- live waters on "picket duly" lo watch for weak spots or new breaks in (he levees. Warned of impending danger, new hordes of refugees streamed from the low- lying marginal lands along the Mississippi. Tent cities sprang up on highlands and ridges 30 miles from the river to house temporary "orphans of the flood." At Barton, near Helena, Ark., single concen- t r a t i o n camp received Ifj.OOO refugees. Ten a d d i t i o n a l centers were .spotted. .Thousands of nlhcrs were i removed to east Arkansas cities ; md to Memphis. And d u r i n g Ihe n i f i h l , in t h n テつキInrK-ness. around the reel f l a m i n c テつキampfires, voices l i f t e d in prayer- r ul, hystcri.i touched .song: "River, stay |way from my door." Ilivcr Keeps lUsln?. But the Mississippi was rising-little by little, in the sluggish, creeping manner t h a t makes a river flood .so devastating. River stages showed the following rises d u r i n g Ihe past '21 hours: ond victim of an ar Thursday near Fro Private Henry L. Nied was burned to death in the wreckage of the Bomber. Four others besides Zimmerman, who was the pilot, were injured. spital--the sec-1 n . . . rmy plane crash Tope UeSCnDed 3S rcint Royal, Va. I ' Snowing Symptoms The Bomber mountainside in from Pittsburgh to its home station at Langley Field, Va. crashed into a a fog on a flight Killed in Bobsled Mishap. CRESTON, (P)--.Jake Stroup, A f t o n farmer, was killed when his bob.sled overturned. It was believed that Strotip's head struck a rock as he fell. Ncal White, a neighbor r i d i n g in the sled, was only slightly injured-^ of Convalescence VATICAN CfTV, (/P)--Although wearied by long illness, Pope Pius XI was described Friday by reliable sources as showing "more of the characteristics of convalescence than of active illness." Despite less sleep than the previous night because of twinges of pain caused by the dnmp wealhei the holy father's doctors considered the local condition in his logs to he satisfactory, an official re- oort said Flood Stage Memphis . .34 feet Helena 44 A r k a n . City 42 Vicksburg ..43 Nalche/. .. . , 4 f i Bat'n R'uge 35 N. Orleans .17 f;\'i:ry Lnvec Present Stale テつキ 54,fi 44.R 42.4 テつキH.fl 32.5 M Holding. 0.3 0.7 1.3 o'n 0.5 0.4 F.very levee t h r o u g h o u t the Mississippi system was holding Friday and U. S. army engineer. 1 ; predicted they would c o n t i n u e to hold, b a r r i n g I h c unexpected. In Little liock, Ark., Gov. Carl [テつキ',. Bailey declined eastern offers of help, declaring Arkansas w a n i = to f i g h t its own flood battle--with nid only from the U. S. army and Red Cross--"until we are completely licked." Memphis, safely perched on I he Chickasaw b l u f f s , hummed thousands of refugees streamed into the city. Health hazards mounted. One out of every ten refugees suffered from sickness--influenza and pneumonia. Weary physicians redoubled their efforts, needling typhoid and oilier vaccines into thousands whn voluntorcrl for treatment in the f i g h t against plague. 5 .Mothers, 3テつサ ISnhies. Five mothers and thirty-nine babies were harbored in the juve-

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