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jggg^gSEB2SOa5BZBaaii^aBS^aSB!ae^j^Â®iiSÂ» TWELVE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Better Schools Better Social Life NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD) RULING PERMITS BUYING NEEDED BREEDER STOCK Farmers Can Now Purchase Additional Livestock, Says Olson. Farmers eligible, to raise hogs in 1934 under the terms of the corn- aog contract, but who have no breeding stock on hand at the time of signing the contract, will now be permitted under certain conditions, to purchase additional breeding stock, according to M. E. Olson, county agent. This interpretation was made to accommodate farmers who produced hogs for market to 1932 and 1933, but who have sold or lost all their breeding stock through disease and financial reverses. Unless some provision was made for replacement of stock, these farmers would be prevented from raising any hogs in 1934, although they actually had hpg bases according to his terms of the contract. Allows Replacement. The contract allows for the replacement of breeding stock, since the producer is permitted to buy as many feeder pigs in 1934 as his annual average numter bought in 1932 and 1933. According to this new interpretation, if the number nought 'in 1932 and 1933: According to. this new interpretation, if the producer has to buy more hogs for breeding purposes in 1934 than his 1932-33 feeder pig average allows, he will not be considered as having violated the feeder pig limitation in the contract. His production of nogs for market from 1934 litters, however, must be further reduced helow the required 25 per cent by a number of hogs sufficient to offset his purchases of breeding stock for this year's farrow. In filling in the contract, the producer will count hogs purchased as breeding stock during the two-year base period as feeder pigs. Redaction on Hogs. Reduction payments are ,made only on hogs which the farmer produced for market from his 1932-33 litters. However, since under normal conditions the farmer is continually replacing olS breeding stock with new stock, the contract ' ( provides that the contracting producer will in his hog base ''" "IT SEEMS TO ME" A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important Economic and Governmental Questions of the Day By MISS ESTHER TESENE What attracted you to the home demonstration work at practiced In country homes? I discovered that the training that was being given, or that might be had by country women and girls, through the home demonstration and project work, was equal to a course in home economics at the tate college at Ames. Home project work Is the farm woman's opportunity. What is the aim of this work? As described in a bulletin there are seven reasons for the work.-1. To develop leadership. 2. To stimulate a strong working organization among farm people. 3. To broaden the vision and active interests of farm women. 4. To foster co-operation with organizations having activities related to home and communities. 5. To cultivate the desire for study among adults and young persons. 6. To create better homes foi boys and girls. 7. To lead women to feel that they are'.''master builders" for future civilization. How is this work carried on? This project work is sponsored in this state hy the extension department Of Iowa State college and the Farm Bureau. The home demonstration agent is the connecting link between the college and the people. Other states may have a somewhat different connection hut the work is found in every state and it is devoted entirely to things related to the home. The home demonstration agent holds training schools in different localities, usually one in each township, to which the local leaders, are asked to come. These leaders art chosen in each school district. Sometimes there is an assistant leader. These local leaders hold follow-up meetings In their home districts ana this is the most important part of the work, for the success of. the plan depends on the ability of these leaders to absorb the lesson and pass it on to the local groups. It is all voluntary work and the plan, if well carried out, enables one home demonstration agent to initiate and supervise the work in one and sometimes two counties, thus multiplying her work many times. Every resident of the district is HOME PROJECT HEAD COMMITTEES GET INSTRUCTIONS ON ACRE APPRAISALS Are Cautioned on Making Overstatement of Production. , has retained for breeding purposes. -- The" producer' will not include in his hog base any breeding stock from litters farrowed prior to Dec. 1, 1931, because, according to the terms of the contract, the producer can count in his hog base as hogs produced for market only hogs from litters farrowed during the two year base period, Dec. 1, 1931, to Nov. 30, 1933, inclusive. MISS ESTHER TESENE Miss Xesene Is a Cerro Gordo .product. She is the daughter of Frank Tesene and has always lived on a farm in Lake township except while at college and when teaching. She was graduated from Clear Lake high school and from Iowa State college where she obtained a B. S. degree in Home Economics and Agriculture and followed teaching lor five years. Her present occupation is that of homemaker for her father and diversion is project work In her home township. Seen Through a Windshield By A. P. ' --Another sign of spring, water oozing up through the cracks of the pavement. --General cleaning up of the wreckage of farm groves by last July's storm. One wonders if it can be replaced in a generation. Â·--Iowa in a surly mood. Temperature zero, wind a gale, everything loose going southeast at 40 miles an hour. Visibility poor. Dirt drifts forming on roadsides adjoining plowed fields. Even a warrantee deed would not hold an Iowa farm today. --Surprising assemblage of autos around Lund's sale shed at east edge of town. No other form of attraction so drawing to farmers as an auction. To most of them a free show. --Another glorious sunset last Sunday evening. Mason City ablaze with reflected light as one approached front the west. Every window gleaming as if lit up with high powered electric lights as the sun touched the horizon. work. Just what Is that work? That depends on what the people want. The extension service usually outlines a series of projects which it thinks will appeal to the homemakers and the same project is pui on over the entire county, in order to create some enthusiasm and competition in the work. There are f oui or five lessons a" year and at the end of the year an Achievement day program is held and each township arranges a booth showing samples of the work they have done and they are placed according to their excellence. The program usually includes music, hoth instrumental and vocal. Since the phonograph has hecome common, the same music can be used at each local meeting and folk dances, studies of national music and songs and choruses are listened to. As many as 400 to 500 persons gather at these Achievement days Â·and get inspiration from each other Is it worth while? Is it succeeding? According to a report I read recently it is very successful in ad vancing our living standards. In clothing work there were: 1932 193S Gain Garments made 8,999 16,334 7,835 Dresses remod'l'd 281 6,165 5,947 Here is a straw showing the diction of the wind in farm values. is from Benton county. Five Benton county farms sold aÂ»t week brought a total of ?9S,- 67.50, real estate firms report. No ades were involved. Each was a ash putchase._ . , George Pickering, of Keystone, aid $150 an acre for the Alfred fft quarter section, a mile north t Keystone. The Offt farm, located n surfaced highway, has adequate uildings in good repair. Mr. Pickring now owns about 1,000 acres n the vicinity. Other farms sold near.here last veek brought similar good prices. The Swea City Herald" has this :em. A carload of sweet clover seed /eighing 79,000 pounds was un- oaded here during the week by the Metropolitan Insurance company or its farms In this neighborhood. ?he present value of the seed at " cents a pound is $5,135. The We Pay More for HIDES AND WOOL --See-CARL STEIN Before Von Sell COAL IOWA LUMP.... Â· f rntrrvllle) W. RY. NUT W. KY. LUMP.. $6*50 ton $6.59 ton $8.00 ton Â£5?:.. $Â«.50 ton Franklin County) Above Coals Best In Their Respective Fields. WHS PAY MORE? Wolf Bros. PHONE 1148 Accessories (hats, bags, etc.) 282 4,945 4,66, Child Development. Books read 1,171 1,612 441 Homes adopting suggestions 4,650 8,345 3,69! Home Furnishings. Furniture refinished 1,210 1,509 29' Rooms improved 702 2,368 1,66 Home Management, Women find ' ' more leisure 898 *Â· 1,037 13 Keeping acc'nts 262 1,028 76 Better buying habits 834 4,303 3,46 Better work planning 1,404 2,803 1,31 The work is always of a practica nature that can be applied at horn Persons are taught to make bette use of what they have at home. '. is Impossible to put a money valu on this work. It is something tha cannot be bought. Better Health. There is another line of work it is doing. Dr. Bierring of the Iowa Health department, in a recent PULSE OF THEFARM statement said "No one group in Towa has made such a fine showing in building a constructive and positive health program in Iowa aa has- the Iowa Farm Bureau and exten sion group." It is the result of planned objectives in this direction. Through this work the rural home is kept in contact with the latest developments in rural home betterment. It is good to have money and the things that money can buy but it is also good to make sure we have noi lost the things money cannot buy. ompany will use the seed for fer tilizer crop, a portion of it under le provisions of the federal corn- log contract. DAIRYING AND DEPRESSION The dairy cow is still one of the most profitable animals on the 'arm where most of her feed can be prown. The secretary of the Lake Mills creamery reports that 28 of the January checks were for more than ilOO. The ten-highest were: K B. Knutson 5180.96 leorge A. Kilen 173.64 A. O. Westland 173.23 Swenson and Quisling 169.51 Bendickson Estate Twlto 163.12 Holland and Holland 154.82 George Thomas 147.38 Haugen Bros Â· 147.04 Corbet Adams 143.06 A. O. Brackey 133.94 For the same month Clear Lake creamery reports the ten highest: R. H. Furleigh .;$209.29 E. Smith 165.46 A. Rich 148.26 F. B. Thies 133.06 O. Wharam 131-21 R. T. 'Wilson 119.35 Frank Tesene 98.56 A. Ferrier 97.52 L. P. Axelsen 94.72 R. W. Olinger 92.65 Joice comes in a close third with this list: Kringlaak brothers $117.84 Tweed and Dahl 107.28 Oscar Aamodt 103-44 B. F. Smith 100.56 T. T. RInden 95.04 Medlang and Medlang 94.80 Theodore Rollefson 93.12 Almelien and Paulson 86.54 E. L. Helgeson H. M. Kittleson BEAD WHAT Permanent township corn-hog committees in Cerro Gordo county which have received instructions on four points concerning the appraisal of contracted acres are cautioned concerning overstatement of production and yield an acre of corn, according to information received here from Washington by County Agent M. E. Olson. The extent of overstatement may be measured by making a comparison of the corn yield an acre from the county totals with the preliminary estimates of yields for 1932 and 1933 in the same county, according to the county agent. He says that the county allotment committee will provide (has provided! each township committee with a map of its township. Each day, he says, the committee should enter, the appraised yield in bushels on this map at the point where the contracted acres of each farmer approximately are located. Such a map with the contracted yields entered on it will be helpful to the township committee in doing a fair job as between farmers within the township. Can Discern Fairness. "It is only by 'spotting' these yields on a map that a committee can tell whether or not it has been fair to farmers in all pants of their township," according to Dr. A. G. Black, chief corn-hog administrator. In making the appraisals of individual fields the main purpose to keep in mind is that the appraisal shall be fair as between farmer and farmer within the township. If the contracted acres on farm A, for example, will yield twice as much corn an acre as the contracted acres on farm B, then the appraised yield for farm A should be double the appraised yield for farm B. It is recommended that in making the appraisal for a given field, the committeemen should always keep in mind: (1) the average yield of corn in the entire township: (2i the natural ability of this particular field to produce corn as compared with the average land on which corn has been grown in that township during "the last'10 : years. In addition, it is recommended that the committee give consideration to the present condition of the contracted acres--whether they are in clover or other sod or whether it is ground on which for a number of years cultivated cash crops have been raised and removed. In the more humus sections of the corn- belt, clover sod can be expected tc make a better corn crop than lane which has bean in corn for several years. If the field is badly infestec with thistle, morning glory, quack grass, or some other weed which would tend to seriously reduce the yield of corn in 1934, it should not be appraised at as high a figure as if it were comparatively free of such weeds. Keep This in Mind. "It is especially important," says Dr. Black, "for committeemen to have a definite idea of the 10-year average field in their township and that they keep this in mind as they appraise the individual fields from farm to farm. Whether or not the average of their appraisals checks with the average for the township should denend on whether are getting land" that is average or land that Is above or be'.ow average of the township. "Local conditions affccting corn yiields within the state or county should be given careful consideration. If land is subject to overflow or conditions too wet to produce a crop of corn, the appraised yield on such land should not exceed one- half the yield that such land will make in years when It is not subject to overflow or wet conditions.Â» "If a farmer specifies several small pieces of land'as contracted'acres to eradicate bad weeds such as thistle or quack gras, such fields should he appraised on the basis of what such land would produce ta 1934 under average weather conditions and average culture practices for corn in that locality, and not on the basis of what such land would yield without the weeds." OUTSiDESTAtES INCREASE SIGNUP Are Signing Contracts in Increasing Number, Claim Here. Farmers in states outside the major corn and hog producing areas are now signing conrtiog adjustment contracts in increasing numbers it was reported by the corn- log section of the agricultural ad- ustment administration. Tennessee, with 15,000 contracts signed among an estimated total of 25 000 to 30,000 farmers who are eligible to take part in the program, eads among the states outside the biff producers of the com belt. Agricultural extension officials in Tennessee expect a 90 per cent signup of all eligible producers. Washington,, California, and other ar-westem states also report in- 'reased interest in the corn-hog ad- ustment program, with the num- jer of contract signers beginning to ' Many of the southern states, where work on the cotton and tobacco campaigns came ahead of the corn-hog signup, are new .preparing to speed corn-hog adjustment 6f South Dakota, with an estimated 48500 contracts signed, shows the largest Increase in signup among -he leading corn-hog states. More [ban 23 000 of the contracts have already been tabulated, the rest being still in the hands of com- by Feti. 27. During the war 4,500,000 signed a petition asking that the road to Tipperary be paved. To' this might be added that a personal letter to a representative or a congressman will go a grea deal further toward getting wha you want than, signing a petition yards long 'INLAND LEADING IN CONSUMPTION OF MILK, CLAIM Switzerland, Sweden and Norway Ahead of United States. You might think that in this country with all its great pasture lands and all its great herds of cows was about the biggest milk consuming country in the world. But It isn't. People in the little country of Finland, way up on the Baltic Sea, consume more whole milk than we do. Even in Switzerland, Sweden .and Norway more milk is consumed as an average by each person than in the United States. Way down below the equator, the people in New Zealand consume more butter than do Americans. Almost twice as much. And in Australia Canada, Finland, Germany ana Sweden, butter consumption is on the average greater than in the United States. Consumes CheÂ«se. The little republic of Switzerland so famed for its cheeses, consume; more cheese than people here. I: fact, the average person in each o: 11 countries buys more cheese than do Americans. Fluid milk and cream are not th only kinds of milk products we con sume. There is butter and cheese We have to'take averages for th country to get an idea of how mud of these dairy products each of u gets. In 1920 we averaged slightly les than 15 pounds of butter a persoi 'or the year. That was just abou two-thirds of an ounce each day Not very much. By 1932 we were buying a littl over IS pounds a year. Getting cios to four-fifths of an ounce a day Still not very much. Eat More Cheese. Cheese is much less important food in the diet of most people 5n this country than in some othe countries. In 1920 we bought on an average of S 1 /;' pounds a person fo the year. That would be less than fifth of an ounce a day--a mer sliver of cheese. In the consumption of none o h'ese dairy products doe's this coun- ry stand first, or even second or . I rd Consumption of "fluid" milk and ream in our cities' and villages had een creeping up slowly but surely ntil the depression stopped its rowth. Way back in 1921 the av- rage amouni consumed by each ; erson was just a Kttle over eight- enths of a pint a day. By 1929, it vas nine-teaths o* a pint. It dropped ack by 1932, to, .88 pint and in 1933 t was probably less, although we do not have the figures to show just how. much per capita consumption amounted to. Better Roads Better Farming Ulrich Zwingl! was the leader of he Protestant reformation in Switzerland. CARL M. SHE1HO AUCTIONEER Farm Sales a Specialty Phone IS or 6002,, Fertile, Iowa FARM SALE DATES CLAIMED Thursday, March 15, 10:30 a. m. --Auction Sale, Lund's Sale Stables on Highway 18, at east edge of Mason City. Sale Dates Are Listed Free of Charge in This Space Each Wednesday If you want your sale listed, just send in the place, date and owner's name to the Globe-Gazette, attention of V. C. Hicks. WINDM1LUPUMP REPAIRING PARTS OF ALL KINDS Chas.W.Cox Expert Windmill and Pump Man PHONE 3185LW i/ 2 Mile S. of Jefferson School Juatesi repurui from Illinois place the numhe/of signed contract,, at 39 7*1 an increase of 17,000 trom fast week Kansas officials report 53 793 signatures, as compared with last week's total of 41,000. Total signed contracts reported from various states is above the 600,000 mark. DEAD Animals of All Kinds Removed Mason City Rendering Co. We pay phone calls. Phone 109S YOUR BEST MARKET HIDES and WOOL Wolf Bros. 310 Fifth St. S. W. THE MAN WHOSE HEART IS NOT TOUCHED BY THE NEEDS. OF OTHERS NEEDS A NEW OUTFIT OF HEART, SOUL AND BRAINS Our shop is completely outfitted with the necessary equipment for skilled Auto Electric Work. Only s k i l l e d mechanics who know their business thoroughly are employed at the Central Battery Electric Co. That means A -1 workmanship. Fair prices, too! Authorized United Motors Dealer. AUCTION SALE COLE'S SALES BARN Orchard, Iowa--Friday, March 16,1 p. m. Several good horses and a good list of cattle of all kinds for this sale. Bring in your livestock or machinery. All stock stableu and sold under cover. Auctioneer: W. .J. DORSEY *crms: YOU SIGN Albert Lea Tribune: Everyone knows that the great majority of signers of most all petitions never stop to read them. When they are presented they sign and go on their way without any further concern. At Akron, Ohio, the other day the editors of a publication wanted to know how many citizens would sign a petition without looking at it. They found out that 153 affixed their signature to a document agreeing to commit suicide by cutting their heads off COMMUNITY SALE To Be Held at the Chas. G. Ames farm at Emery on No. lUb on FRIDAY, MARCH 16 Beginning at 12:30 O'clock HORSES: We have several good work horses es 3 E A D F C A T L E : Have some good Short Horn, Guernsey and Hobteta cows, guaranteed as they go in ring; also some good Short Horn heifers and steers, wt. from SoO to oOO IOS PIGS: Have some good brood sows, and a few feeding pigs. ^^1^^ Sa$i Sb^T^arH SSrtS? stone, 1 com sheller, a lawnmower, 1 heating stove. 2 sets harness, 5 horse collars 4 scoops and many articles too to mention. About 15 bushels of potatoes. ,,,,,,Â»,Â«, n ml There will be some new hardwood evencrs, single trees, reaches and wagon tongues here at day of sale. Anybody needing any of these can't afford to miss these bargains. COME WHERE THE BUYER MEETS THE SELLER. Anybody having anything to sell, bring day of sa.e. Lunch will bo served at a reasonable price on the ground. Terms-- CASH Nothing to be removed until settled for HAROLD \MES. Auctioneer -- Phone 6F4, Mason City HAKUU) Atnoa, H H rRANE C i crk _;?lione 670. Clear Lake HENRY FIELD CO. Seed and Nursery HEADQUARTERS Now Open for Business Field and Garden Seeds, Nursery Stock, Coffee, Complete stock of Auto Tires and Tubes, Batteries FIELD'S FAMOUS SEEDS ALFALFA--Dakota No. 12, Fancy, bushels $9.75; Grimm-A. B. Lyman's, Bushel. $10.7o. CLOVER--Medium or Common Red, Fancy, bushel $10.25; Alsike, Extra Fancy, bushel $10. / 5. SWEET CLOVER--White Biennial, Fancy, bushel Â§3.90. TIMOTHY--Timothy, Best Home Grown, bushel Q/i "I ^ Â· THESE'PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE HENRY FIELD SEED STORE 514 South Federal Axe., which Is first building south of 1933 location. Phone 370. Mason City Â·J -. Â§ HERE ARE A FEW OF DON'S FAMOUS BARGAINS! SANITARY MILK PAILS l3 Qt, Reinforced Top and Bottom Bright Tinned To Cement on RUBBER SHOE SOLES, Â·Â· AC pair J. v Famous Cleveland WALL PAPER CLEANER, 3 for Gallon Size Stoneware MASH FEEDERS Each 49c Blue Double Edge RAZOR BLADES To Fit Gillette. 1 fl /Â· Package of 5 1U I. Salesman Samples POCKET KNIVES Values to $1.50 49c Folding CLOTHES DRYER A Real $ 1 1 * ) Value IPI.J./ Genuine Hawkeye CLOTHES BASKETS 5 Year Guarantee |i? 59c Genuine Burns Serrated BREAD KNIVES Regular 9QÂ«Â« 75c Yalu? *Â·*Â·*Â· OIL Light Body, Free Flow Cheaper in Bulk. Per quart 3'/ 2 Pound Forged Steel Axe Hickory $1 AQ Handle $ LÂ»ta 6 Foot Manila HALTER ROPES Complete with 1 C _ Snap, each A O v FLESH KNIVES ,-..,,.. Graphite Base AXLE GREASE Galena Stick-Tite, OQ- 3 Ib. can Â£Â«*l Tempered Forged Steel HAMMERS Polished Heads and Claws, Steel Wedged Hickory Hanffles, each Barn and Snow SHOVEL 11x14 Handle 59c CHICK Waterers and Buttermilk Feeders Glazed Stoneware 1 Gallon Capacity each 29c Ul Mason City Hardware Owned and Operated by Your Neighbor Don McPeak (!