Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 5, 1936 · Page 6
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 5, 1936
Page 6
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 5 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 ilasl State Street Telephone No. 3500 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ·ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager KEltBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS whlcb is exclusively entitled to the UK for publication ol all news dlspatcnes credited to It or not otherwise credited to tnlj paper, and all local news. MEMBER. IOWA DAILV PRESS ASSOCIATION, with DM Koines news ana business oHIccs at 105 shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear by the year take, $7.00 _ City and iha week .... Clear OUTSIDE MASON till' AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier S7.00 By mall 6 months Per week by-carrier $ .15 By mall 3 moaua . Per year by mall S4.00 By mall 1 month ._ OUXSIOE 100 MILE ZONE p cr year S6.00 Sli months 53.15 Three months,. 53.2! SJ.s $ .so FIRST THINGS FIRST pHARLES A. BEARD, the historian, informed the ^ National Education association division of super, intedence that in his opinion it is wrong to oppose the teaching of communism in the schools. It should be taught, he indicated, along with other theories of society and economics, that pupils may have a rounded view of the world and be able to judge various proposals by comparison and contrast. In theory that is admirable. But like so many theories of bookish gentlemen we doubt if U will work out in practice. W e doubt, for instance, that the place to do it is the public schools, either primary or secondary, and not for political reasons but for rea sons of common sense and good' judgment. The grade and high schools do not teach the Einstein theory, either, although a well-grounded mathematician ought to have a working- knowledge of this development if he is to be abreast of modern thinking in this field. The grade and high schools, however, confine themselves to the lower reaches of mathematics, arithmetic and algebra. Unless one has a thorough grounding in those, he'll never encompass the Einstein theory. First things come first. In the same way, teaching in comparative systems of government can be, and should be, postponed for more mature kinds. The thing that counts, or should count, in a public school supported by the taxpayers' money, is a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of our government, its history and its theories. With those well in mind, a student who is interested can go on to study fascism, communism, and whatever else in the way of political economy the world has to offer. But to attempt a comparative evaluation of communism in the grade and high schools, when students should be acquiring fundamentals, is to run great risks of confusing and misleading youthful and untrained minds.. Mr. Beard, like many another expert, sees the world in terms of his own vast knowledge of his own specialty. It is familiar and easy to him, who has spent a life-time at it. He fails to realize that it is hard going, with plenty of chance for stumbles and falls, for the .immature mind. Students must learn to walk before they can run, and stuffing their minds with "isms" before they have thoroughly digested the . three R's leads to mental indigestion. What we want our schools to do is to turn out good, reasoning, straight-thinking American citizens. We don't want them confused and half-educated, with bits of every kind of useless or useful knowledge crammed into their heads like a.pudding. The whole question has nothing to do with "academic freedom" or "liberalism." It's a practical matter, having to do with educational fundamentals. UNITED ON FARM PROGRAM ·yiTHETHER it will or not is debatable but the enact* ment of the new'national program for agriculture should have the effect of removing the whole subject from the field of partisan politics in the campaign ahead. The plan adopted was in substance, and almost in detail, the- plan proposed some ten years ago by Frank O. Lowden. It is the plan which was approved by the recent republican state convention in Iowa. It is the plan which for months has had the active backing of numerous republican leaders throughout the nation. On the other.side of th'e ledger are the facts that it was enacted by a congress preponderantly democratic and made effective by a democratic chief executive, as a substitute for the triple A plan which was found unconstitutional. Triple A was a democratic measure but this new agricultural program transcends party. ' , This union of the two major parties on a policy which recognizes agricultural well-being as fundamental in our national economics is indeed a happy augury for farming. In the past the pull and haul of partisan politics has been the one thing which militated most, against agriculture's advancement. Competitive promising for the farmer vote should be definitely out-of the coming campaign. JUST WHO HATES WAR? rpHE refusal of some in America to recognize the fundamental point with regard to necessity of adequate national defense and a citizenry willing to protect its government was evident in an. Iowa newspaper's recent observations on the pledge of allegiance required of those seeking American citizenship. The editorial in question proceeds from the premise that "hatred of war" is the objectionable attribute of a noted scientist xvho as a fugitive from nazi Germany now seeks American citizenship on his own terms.. This is as complete a misrepresentation of the facts as could be imagined. Its corollary is that those who favor preparedness for war are lovers of war. The truth is that a considerable part of those in this group hate war far more intelligently than the writer of the editorial in question because they have experienced it Irrespective of whether we like war or hate it, war today is a live possibility for this country. To ignore it is equivalent to combating the fire -hazard by mere moral suasion rather than through a well equipped and well manned fire department. A willingness to defend our country is one of the .first obligations of citizenship. We hope for loyalty ·--and get it in 99 cases ,out of 100--from those who are born to American citizenship. Surely we would bs the easymark if we didn't Insist upon it from those who seek haven in American citizenship as does this eminent fugitive scientist. OUT BELOW [ Power strikes today call for a return to the principles laid down by Coolidge, namely,' that there must be no strikes against public safety, "by anybody, anywhere, any time." Were any of the rest of you impressed with the alacrity with which Columbia university agreed to extend Rex Tug-well's leave of absence for another year? Finding a tax which is operative only against the opposing political camp has become a major problem in our democratic government. But you'll have to admit that the much maligned weather man has done a pretty intelligent job of thawing' thus far. Ever stop to consider that if there weren't suckers to play 'em, there wouldn't be such a thing as a slot machine racket? Walter Liggett in death is more of an incentive to political reform in Minnesota than he was in life. As a seasonable investment in health, the purchase of a pair of rubbers has much, to commend it. Simile: Unappetizing as a half melted snowdrift near a smokestack. The PROS and CONS LIBERTY LEAGUE OPPOSITION HELPFUL Cecorah Journal: The best insurance of vote-getting ability in the 1936 campaign would be to have the American Liberty league, financed by the munitions-making profits of the du Fonts, oppose you. Generally speaking, a candidate for political office who has the great capitalistic dailies opposing him, is in a favorable postion. Big capitalistic dailies control few votes. The.big daily newspapers of Minneapolis and St. Paul have consistently opposed the farmer- laborites, and the farmer-laborites have elected their candidates for governor and now control both United States senatorships. - HOOVER BEARS STAMP OF FAILURE. Davenport Democrat: "If Hoover were not a former president, but a governor of some large state, the republican presidential nomination this year would Call to him without a struggle," remarks the Boston Post. But he had his chance. He failed to find a solution for the problems that faced the nation in 1930, 1931 and 1932. He may argue that President Roosevelt nas failed, but he did not pass the test himself. As a candidate, his own record bars him from the confidence of the voters. EXPENSIVE LUXURIES. Decorah Public Opinion: The fact is that our state democratic administration is responsible for not less than a 25 per cent increase In our tax bill during the past couple of years! And though most of it is paid indirectly, making it difficult to compile exact figures, we believe the national democratic administration is responsible for a still larger increase in our federal tax bill. These democratic administrations are certainly expensive luxuries! RADIO IN AUTOMOBILES Cedar Falls Record: The radio in the automobile can cause a disastrous division of attention if the driver is not careful. Not long ago an Iowa highway patrolman stopped a motorist who had driven through an intersection stop sign. The motorist explained that he had failed to observe the sign because he was "listening to a radio address by a public official on the subject of 'Highway Safety.' " : DIDN'T NEED TO GO TO WISCONSIN. Cedar Rapids. Gazette: Here's a laugh. The WFA jrivy building project in a Wisconsin county gets first page publicity in Chicago. That publicity results in iowa editorial comment, poking fun at this federal method of relieving, the unemployment problem--in Wisconsin. Don't Hawkeye editors know a similar project has been under way in this state for months? SUGGESTION TO CHURCHES Sheffield Press:- If all of us would frankly admit our own imperfect nature and realize that organized religion is at best only a human instrument to serve human beings; and if all church members, however sanctified they may consider themselves, would exhibit greater tolerance to others, the way would be open to greater growth in church membership. THE NUB OF AMERICAN GREATNESS Nashua Reporter: America is the greatest nation in the world because it guarantees to every individual the right to accumulate, and encourages him to use his own initiative in accomplishing that end. Take away or curtail this right and our nation will begin to wane at once. AND THEY CALL HIM INSANE! Northwood Anchor: And now a '.'psychiatrist" in Chicago says that Oscar Hartzell, he of the Drake estate frauds, is just an insane person. Doesn't it beat heck how these crazy persons can plan and swindle just a trifle better than those who are supposed to be entirely sane? MUST AVOID TOO MUCH DES MOINES Waukon Republican and Standard: If the republican party in Iowa is to stage a comeback, the party bigwigs must realize there is more to Iowa than merely Des Mpines and the party leaders of a few of the larger cities of the state. EXAMPLE FOR BORAH Knoxville Journal: Col. Frank Knox, candidate for the republican nomination for the presidency, has publicly and repeatedly pledged his support to the nominee of the party. Senator Borah could profit by Colonel Knox's example. DOES THIS DISCXJURAGE YOU? Clear Lake Reporter: In 1934, Cerro Gordo county had 496 marriages and 119 divorces; in 1933, 538 marriages with 128 divorces. In other words the divorces were about one in four. Think this discouraging, young people? OUR LOVE OF LINDBERGH Knoxville Express: Isn't it wonderful the way the American people idolize Colonel Lindbergh? They will do anything for him except punish the murderer of the little Lindbergh boy! DEMOCRATIC VIEWPOINT. New Hampton Tribune: The TVA was declared constitutional by an 8 to 1 decision of the United States supreme court. We wish that court had found for the farmers AAA by an 8 to 1 decision. UNPRACTICED IN WINTER SPORTS. Ames" Tribune: American athletes didn't fare very well in the winter Olympic contests, but that may be because this country really is just discovering winter sports. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG AN APPRECIATION OF MR. TIERNEY GARNER--I am impelled to write you concerning J. E. (Ted) Tierney. He held a lofty position in the esteem of his Hancock county neighbors and his death was a matter of sorrow to all. I think his chief irait was his kindly tolerance, not because he lacked discernment but because of an innately good heart. 3e was a devoted father and a loving nusband. There was an ideal companionship between Mr. and Mrs. Tierney. I don't believe Ted Tiemcy had any but friends among the many who knew him. Vcrv truly. "ilRS. F. M. SPAYDE DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . . . b y Scott MEET SHAKE HAHOS WITH AND FEET WHEM PU2LZ.LEO -- Xfa FREJ4CH CAMEROUN BACKWARDS WAS DESIGNED BY M M E . CAVOrt- ROU AN , rl£, FIRST WOMAVl · " HAVE A STAMP ACCE.PTE.D IW FRANCE- Copj-i-ifhl, 19S6. by Central Press Association, Inc. 3-5 DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDEN1NO, M. D. DIVIDE HUMANS IN THREE TYPES. W E MAY divide the human race into three classes. Let us call one the ··normal" or "average" pattern. This type goes through life .in an orderly manner, mixing his acts in about equal proportions between those that are inspired by reason and emotion. His life is a mixture of staid, sober actions, conforming to the conventional pattern of the particular strata of society to which he belongs, but at times given to flights of fancy, to the performance of silly, ridiculous, illogical or actually harmful things, but nearly always with enough common sense to bring himself "back to earth" before going beyond his depth hi flights of emotional stimulus. In other words, he is able to "keep both feet on the ground." Then there are two extremes from this, average or normal pattern, "the emotionalist" and "the phlegmatic." Probably the most unpopular individual in the world is the extremely r Clendeninz Phlegmatic soul, who apparently * never has a thought beyond satisfying the most elemental urges. The emotionalist, on the other hand, goes through life with a constant relapsing fever of mental exuberance or despondency. He figuratively "knocks all the tin pans off the shelf," raising a terrific din and turmoil, irritating himself ana his friends. He heads all the "movements;" writes all the nonsensical literature; is either crowing like a young rooster about his mental Superiority or sunk in the depths of despair. What We Would Choose. If we were free to choose the ideal type of personality · for ourselves and our friends we would endow ourselves and our friends with generosity, a sense of humor, personal integrity, enough emotionalism to enjoy the pleasures of life, and couple this with enough sober sense to be serious and practical about the duties pertaining to making a living. Such an ideal state would eliminate a large per cent of the business of the physician, because so many human ills are directly attributable to an unstable nervous system. It is really remarkable how many complaints, when examined carefully, result in no organic findings. The cause of the symptoms must be put -down as emotional. Functional diseases represent only a disturbance in physiology or function with no demonstrable changes in the organs themselves. The patient may be just as sick and miserable, or even more so, than if an organic disease is present. Diet for Second Week--Thursday. Breakfast--Fruit: Choice of half grapefruit, half canteloupe, three prunes (with milk, not cream), glass of oraage juice; toast, one-half slice, thinly buttered; one cup tea or coffee (with not more than one lump sugar, one teaspoon milk). Luncheon--One-half grapefruit; two olives; toast; coffee; two eggs, boiled or poached; one-half head lettuce, tomato, dressing. Dinner--One-half grapefruit; two olives; chipped beef; six slices cucumber; one-half head, lettuce, dressing; tomato; toast; coffee. What is your weight today? TOMORROW MARCH e By CLARK KUTKA1RD Notable Births--Johan Bojer, b. 1872, great Scandinavian novelist--The Last of the Vikings, etc Herbert Kaufman, b. 1878. editor and author Empress Nagako of Japan, b. 1903 Sarah Wambaugh, b. 1882, American woman diplomat--member of Saar plebiscite commission Guy Kibbee. b. 1886, cinemactor Rochelle Hudson, b. 1914, cin- emactress Michelangelo Buonarroti, b. 1475, in Florence, son of an aristocratic father who considered art a calling unworthy of a gentleman. March 6, 18S6--The Alamo finally fell, after 11 days and night of unceasing struggle by Crockett, Bowie, Travis, Donham and 182 others to hold off 3,000 Mexicans. In this, one of the most glorious incidents in American history, the Texans deliberately chose to die with their boots on, preferring death to the ignominy of flight or surrender, but their stand was no mere gesture of brave men. Behind San Antonio lay scattered settlements which were ignorant of Santa Ana's sudden invasion of Texas and only by setting up a temporary barrier to Santa Ana in San Antonio while couriers gave the colonists the news to prepare, could they hope to be saved. March 6, 1926--A young woman took a bath. The young woman was Joyce Hawley and she took her bath in a tub of champagne at s. party given by Earl Carroll, theatrical producer, in New s York. \ EARLIER DAYS FRO.M GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-Pierre Gilbert and family left today for Sawyer, N. Dak., where they have purchased land and where they will make their residence. Frank Johnson of Rockford was in the city today on business. Al Brett has returned from Eugan, S. Dak., whcie he spent a few days conducting a stock sale. The ice business at Clear Lake, if the present rain continues and the weather remains moist, will probably close in a day or two. It is suspended at present on account of the rain. The color of the ica has changed from gray to a somber hue. Senator Gale returned to the city today from Dubuque. Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Shotts left today for a week's sojourn in Colfax. Mrs. John W. Mackey returned today from Chicago. J. E. Greenfield of Manson was a visitor in the city yesterday. Charles Pritchard of 'Minneapolis was in the city today for a visit with relatives. Twenty Years Ago-The high school basketball team closed the 1916 season last night with a decisive 38 to 19 victory over Charles City on the Charles City court. Mason City's high school's application for admission to the Boone Valley conference was not granted, Algona getting the berth instead because of its more favorable location. Ruby Clark was crowned queen of the mid-winter exposition at the armory last night and was awarded a piano as a result of her having won the honor. J. F. Elder of Black Earth, Wis., is in the city today visiting relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Tod Ransom are vacationing in the south and are at present at Pensacola, Fla. They expect to leave soon for Mobile, Ala., and from there will go to New Orleans to see the Mardi Gras. WASHINGTON--Newton D. Baker, former mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, has been selected by President Wilson for secretary of war, succeeding Lindley Garrison who resigned. The city council today passed an ordinance opposing the operation of all places of amusement for profit on Sunday, following an argument between local theater managers and ministers. Ten Years Ago-PARIS--The French chamber o£ deputies today ratified the Locarno security pact. Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Fridgen and family are moving from the city and will make their home at Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Mason City received its coldest weather of the year today as the mercury dropped down to zero. "Buzz" Griffith of Sioux City won a decision from Jack Heinemann of Milwaukee, Wis., in the 10 round main go at the armory last night. Carl Krieger of Mason City stopped Svend Nelson of Austin, Minn., in 2 rounds in one of the preliminaries. Illinois was toppled from the Big Ten lead last night when Purdue defeated the Ulini 28 to 23, and are now tied with Iowa, Ohio State and Michigan for second place." Purdue leads the pack by a half game. Hampton high school won a triangular debate last pight with Iowa Falls and Mason City. Mason City's only firsts were won by Edgar Walker, Jr., in the oratorical division and 'by Esther Urdangen in the dramatic. Cruising the Headlines By L. M. L. "INFLATION AHEAD" A T A MEETING of five of the country's best known " economists at the University of Minnesota, they all agreed that inflation was inevitable, whether the government wills it or not. They said its processes were already in motion, and that under the present monetary situation there is every indication that the United States is heading into the most swiftly-moving speculation and credit inflation in its history. One of the economists reported that experts had found two main causes for the "inflationary" condition of the country: Expansion of the nation's monetary basis and the amassing of excess reserves by national banks. The group cited continued sale of government bonds to banks as the chief danger brought about by this condition. The word "inflation" is an exciting one and no two people mean the same thing by it and so it is confusing also. Is inflation expansion of credit, the issuance of greenbacks, or is it butter at 41 cents a pound? ONE' MINUTE PULPIT--The thoughts of the diligent tend only to plcnteousness; but of every one that is hasty only to want.--Proverbs 21:5. OBSERVING ilgSlgW^ilSWS^ WINTER A PRISON HAS MA11£ FOR ALL OF US ^^^ submit that a winter such as ^Jgs^ the one from which we're ^^^" now emerging is an excellent test of man's ability to live like a civilized human being. Could you get along with the family equably, restrain your impatience with their little foibles, and guard against of-, tense by foibles of your own? Could you devise things to do to keep time from hanging heavy on your hands until a quarrel breaks out in sheer Boredom''. These are the little things, in normal seasons of less than no importance, that may become big things when one is in jail, the prisoner of the weatherman. Did you sense, as I did, the uplift of spirit which accompanied the thaws we have bad? Did the sound of splashing water in the streets seem to you like a chorus of bluebirds and robins? Did you get a kick out of watching the snowdrifts dwindle? And did you notice the kids scrambling and splashing through every puddle, instinctively delighting in the first hint that there is release in sight? One felt the lift on every hand. I was in and out of a dozen business places those two days, and everywhere I dropped in I found people gay, optimistic, and good-tempered with each other. A few hours aSove freezing, with the sun shining, sends the spiritual barometer of our whole town sliding up the scale. Well, there's more of it coming. The sun's climbing higher and higher, and Old Man Winter, for all he may take a few more bats at us before he's through, is heading toward his annual defeat. Soon we'll be out of jail. And I, for one, am going to feel so good about it when it happens that I wouldn't be surprised to find myself playing marbles with the kids. --o-DON'T TRY TO WIN ANY BETS ON THESE, BOYS! «mgt am indebted to Harry Boyd |figp£ of the Cedar Rapids Ga- *s£*'^ zette for these astonishing- geographical facts developed in a recent Argosy article: Reno, Nev., is about 100 mile.t farther west than Log Angeles, Cal. Cleveland, Ohio, is seven miles farther east than Jacksonville, Fla. The part of Canada nearest Detroit. Mich., is due south. You travel northwest to go from Pacific waters to 'Atlantic waters via the Panama canal. No part of South America lies directly south of Iowa. At Arica, Chile, the Pacific shoreline lies almost as far east as Portland, Maine. Mr. Boyd'a own contribution to the array of · astonishers were the- facts that Cedar Rapids is at about the same latitude as Rome, Italy, and that Cedar Rapids is approximately the same distance from Amarillo, Tex., as Amarillo is from Brownsville, Tex. THESE DRIVERS SURELY TRUST THEIR FELLOWS w of nobody with quite much trust ia hi s fellow n as the motorist who's leaving his car parked these nights with one side in ^ rut out of which users of the street must swerve to avoid collision. The 'runner-up for this doubtful distinction is the motorist who regularly parks in the jog of a street such as the one on South Pennsylvania avenue, forcing all who pass to swing over into the path of cars coining from the other direction. NOTICE TO ALL-- DON'T SEND IN POEMS LIKE THIS. wisn readers would quit me contributions such as this one because most of them are against the new deal and I've taken a pledge to keep this department free from politics: AMKKICA (.Ni-iv Dual .Model) My country Mis ur tllcc, Oner laud lit liberty, Of thep I *ltiK. Land of Due TuKivcll's prldr, \Vlicre Hussiaii schemes are tried, Till business nil but died And hope look wine. -My nallvi* coimlry -- sa.v, Land of (lie A A A , U'lint's Impp'ed In lliec'.' U'ltiTe tiji-^ tin 1 farmer ivroujjlil, Now lie tets piilil for naught; (A I'inch I've often suucllt Hut 'ne'er could see). Lot music su-ell the bree/.c Thru that "Great Belt of Trees" frank promised you. I love thy shocks and chills. Thy endless nets and bills -Sure cure for all our Ills -Like h-1 I do! Our fallicr. Franklin D. U'liose promises so free Increase our imln -One pleilKe alone you've kept; Of all your schemes inept One the u'liole nation swept -- ItntuKht "lutoze" again! SAVING FIVE MINUTES WE MAY LOSE A LIFE observe a striking unanimity among safety experts on the ' point that speed is the. one principal element in the safety equation. Trying to save a minute. or five minutes, we lose a'life. Such is the daily story somewhere in America. In a recent issue of Delaware Motorist, an author titled an article: "Brother, Can You Spare Five Minutes?" It's his contention that nine- tenths of our accidents are caused by people trying to save five minutes. To quote: "If everybody in America would resolve to contribute five minutes a day to the cause of auto safety, we would cut the death and accident toll in two. Five minutes a day. Brother, can you spare five minutes .a day?" At the bottom of 'the Iowa State Safety council's safety pledge is this challenging statement: "A human life is more important than the few seconds I might save by hurrying." Answers to Questions By FKEUEKICJ J. HASKJ.N PLKASE NOTE--A reader can net "in answer to any question of Tact by writing Mason Oily Glnbe-Goxettr. Information. Iturcatr, Frederic .1. Huskin, oirrc- lor. Washington. I. (;. please Inclose three (3) cent? foi reply. When was the conscience- fund in the United States treasury started? F. F. Opened with a contribution of ?5 in 1811. Money received for this fund is not carried on the books of the treasury department as such, but listed as miscellaneous receipts. The amounts sent in range from two cents from a person who failed to put a stamp on a letter when mailed, to several thousand dollars from persons who smuggled goods into the United States without paying import duty. Usually the sums sent are small. No special use is made of the money. It simply goes into the general funds of the department. How long do members of tlie Canadian mounted police serve? R, H. Terms are 5 years. For ex-members, the term is one., two, three, to five years' service. What are some of the largest banquets ever served in New York hotels? J. M. Such affairs would include the banquet for the Twenty-seventh division on its return from France when 5,000 were served at the Hotel Astor; welcome to Colonel Lindbergh, at the Commodore, which was attended by 3,800; the 1933 dinner for the Catholic Charities at the Waldorf-Astoria, numbering '3,500; annual communion breakfast of 6,000 members of the New York Police department Holy Name society at the Astor. What is the acreage of Waltelield, George Washington's birthplace '.* H. M. Four hundred acres. Tell of physical training in Russia. H. M. The number of, those taking part in regularly organized physical culture and sport clubs increased from 800,000 in 1928 to 8,200,000 in 1934. The Soviet Union has 4,000 stadiums and sport fields, more than 2,000 gymnasiums and 300 skiing grounds. Physical culture is obligatory in all schools. Many industrial plants have a daily period of gymnastics. How long have letter carriers worn uniforms? G. C. The ppstoffice department says first uniforms for letter carriers were authorized by an act of congress, July 27, 1868. The color specified at that time was cadet gray and that has always been the color selected. While the postoffice department does require a definite color and texture of cloth, nevertheless, each locality decides just what kind of imiforTTn jc f n ho w,rn. Tt must be remembered letter carriers pay for their own uniforms and, consequently, representatives of the carriers meet with the postmasters and decide what uniforms they want. Dseribe Sainte Anne de Beaupre in Canada. H. H. This famous pilgrim resort is 20 miles east of Quebec. A shrine was founded there about 1620 by Breton sailors in gratitude to Sainte Anne for their escape from shipwreck. A chapel was built in 1658. In 1676 the chapel was replaced by a church, which was replaced by a larger one in 1876. In 19~22, this was destroyed by fire, but was replaced by a handsome edifice. The shrine is visited by 150,000 annually. What was the full name of the late King George? H. J. His Majesty was baptized George Frederick Ernest Albert. These were all names of ancestors. A Scientific Hobby The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped.) for the booklet, "Astronomy." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.) Astronomy is America's most scientific hobby. Every week our Washington Information bureau an- · s-wers more questions about the sun, moon, stars and planets than in any other scientific category. To serve this lively interest, the Globe-Gazette offers an unusual ^ ' service booklet covering the whole i j field of astronomy. It begins with a swift historical survey of the earliest recorded celestial observations in China and Babylon, almost 5,000 years ago, and ends with the romance behind tb^e giant 200 inch telescope lens for the Carnegie Astrophysical observatory on Mount Palomar, California--a lens which will increase by four times the present radius of astronomical observation. "Astronomy" is a neat 48 page booklet, illustrated with four fine astronomical photographs. Inclose 10 ^ _ cents to cover cost and handling. ! l *- ISf" Use coupon. . i' _

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