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DECEMBER 30 1933 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZEITE a-l? CITY'S RATE SITUATION SHOWED IMPROVEMENT IN 1933 P 934 WILL BRING (MORE DECISIONS IN LOCAL CASES (Three Major Investigations Conducted in Past Year by Department. The relationship of Mason City's tail road freight rates to those of its jvincipal competitors has shown I'pmc improvement in 1933. There I/: a fair prospect of further im- |jvovement in 1934 if cases yet pending with the interstate commerce [tommisslon are favorably decided. I The transportation department of fthe Chamber of Commerce has par- r.icipated in numerous hearings. Vhree major rate investigations yave been conducted the most important of which, from the standpoint of competitive relationship, is lie. involving rates over rail-lake- liil routes between eastern and Ijsstern points. For many years past Mason City, a distributing point for eastern |io'ds, has been handicapped be- fcuse the rail-lake-rail rates be- Ji-een eastern points and Twin lities through the port of Duluth live been relatively lower than 1 ul-lake-rail rates between eastern fpints and Mason City through the fort of Milwaukee. Example Given. SI A typical example of Mason Jiity's handicap is found in the relationship of the first class base rates Ifrom New York that were in effect Ifor many years prior to the time Jjwiiea the present investigation was E begun. To Mason City 2Ilc, to Twin |r Cities 155C, a difference of 55.5c iron pipe, canned goods and numerous other articles. lu this proceed- log Mason City confidently believes that a system of through overhead rates will be established in lieu of I the present ' higher . combination rates now in effect. This case will probably not be disposed of for some little time. Briefs are due and will be filed on Jan. 2. Another case pending with the interstate commerce commission involves rates on peanuts in carloads between producing points in Virginia and Iowa points including Mason City. It is expected that, as a result of this proceeding-, a substantial reduction will be had. Attack Made. During the early part of 1933 an attack was made on the rates on gasoline and oil from Oklahoma and Texas points of origin to northern destinations in which the complainants charged that the rates to Mason City were on a preferentia basts. The Chamber of Commerce was forced to intervene in that pro ceeding to protect Mason City's in terests. In 1B26 the rates to Mason City were reduced because it hown they had been too high. The Â·ate from the basic group was fixed at 38 cents. Had the complainant sustained the allegation of preference the railroads, under the law, could have reduced complainant's Â·ates or increased Mason City's rate. Experience has shown that, in such cases, the railroads generally increase rates. In the defense of Mason City's rate it was shown that, as a matter of fact, the 1926 adjustment failed to accord as low a rate as should have been fixed hence the contention that the present rate of 38 cents was not a preferential one, and Mason City's position was upheld. This case serves as an example to show that the Chamber of Commerce is called on to defend its rates to prevent increases, as well as to prosecute complaints in which reductions are involved. A number of informal cases were presented to the commission on behalf of Chamber of Commerce members by the transportation department in which overcharges due to misrouting were involved, but one of such cases ia still pending and sub- stantial amounts have been thus re- :overed. The Chamber of Commerce appeared before the Iowa railroad commission on behalf oÂ£ the Beet Sugar company and obtained a re- vision'of the rates on sugar beets from points in Iowa to Mason City that will result in about five per cent reduction based on present movements. to Mason City, and import rates on peat moss to Mason City via all- rail and barge-vail routes. Hundreds of dollars in overcharges were recovered for members but greater savings were effected freight through verification of charges before payment, Reduction Procured. In a proceeding before the Iowa commission involving rates on iron and steel articles a substantial reduction was procured on intrastate movements. Through negotiations with the railroads the Chamber of Commerce, on behalf of certain of its members, obtained reductions in specific rates, and extension of transit privileges, in which they had a vital interest. Among the more important of which was one resulting in reduction oÂ£ 3.5 cents a hundred pounds on lumber from southern points, certain reciprocal switching rates in Mason City, others Involving material reductions in rates on certain commodities from Kansas City thus avoiding the tying up oC funds. Harold G. Moulton, of the Brookings institution, states "The importance of transportation costs can hardly be over-emphasized. The truth is transportation charges constitute a very important element in the production and distribution of commodities. They affect the prices of all goods sold." Bullet Id Issued. In a recent bulletin oÂ£ the United States chamber of Commerce, Morris Edwards, manager of the field department, says: "Great developments are moving to a head in the field of transportation---particularly from the freight rate angle." During these times of economic stress when manufacturers and distributors are desperately seeking for means to maintain competitive positions the complicated freight Â·ate structure needs a specialist for Is correct interpretation. A well or- aniMd traffic bureau such as is maintained by the Mason City lhamber of Commerce is a real asset to the community and generously provides dividends on the investment in it. Mr. Edwards further states "The Chamber of Commerce is recreant to one of Ha greatest responsibilities when it neglects the freight rate relationship oÂ£ its community with that of other competing communities." For 11 years the Mason City Iowa History in 1933 Nearly Every Day of Past Year Marked by Event of _Stirring News Merit; Legislature Passes Many Far Reaching Acts; Roosevelt Program Significant in Iowa. Chamber of Commerce, through fat and lean years, has maintained its transportation department during which time many rate handicaps have been removed in consequence oÂ£ which the economic depression has not been felt to the same extent as is the cose where such work has not been done. It is confidently believed that 1934 will witness several improvements in Mason City's freight rate relationships all of which will play a part in the recovery program. ' in favor of Twin Cities. In purported response to the . commission's suggestions the rail (Iand lake lines inaugurated a system of rates that so disrupted the rela- Â· tionship of rates that a general de- J-mand by shippers caused the com- Â· mission to suspend the rate schedules pending further investigation. Hearings have been held and the . examiners have Issued their report ! in which it is suggested that the rates from New York, for example, be made 195c to Mason City and 177c to Twin Cities. Under this report the spread between Mason City and Twin Cities would be reduced from 55.5c to 18o which, however, does not' accord k Mason City a relationship to which ' it is justly entnted. 'Oral arguments to the' commissioners;will be held in - Washington 'some time-.'eavly in 1934 at whicKA;t;ime the ^Chamber of Commerce'iTvili undertake to show Â·;that, distance and other factors ^.considered, the rates to Mason City ('over rail-lake-rail routes from New lYork should not exceed those to Cities by more than 3c a hun- Kidred pounds. Â»!J Concerns Competing Points. It is not the relationship of the ft rail-lake rates to the all-rail rates at concerns Mason City so much .,,.._ it is the relationship of its rail- IWakc rates to the rates in. effect to Igbompeting: points. It is the rail-lake IJjnnd not the all-rail ratea that determine the ability of Mason City io compete with Twin. Cities in the /distribution of eastern goods in the ^competitive trade area In North- [fiwestern Iowa and Southwestern j] Minnesota. When the new all-rail rates between eastern and western points were established in 1932 the result was an abrupt step-up' or "hump" at the Mississippi river. Because of the rapid, increase in the rates to ir tomls west of the river, including llason City, it gave the River Cities in advantage that made it impos- uble to complete with them on flual terras. This condition was Â·vercome, in part, by the interior totals having their eastern goods '.hipped to the river cities and, ,nence moved by truck. Because of ,lie chaotic conditions in truck "ransportation that practice has icon anything but satisfactory due l?o the instability oC truck charges. | Some Interior points have, been ll'ihle to procure lower truck rates j^han others hence the equalization tot transportation charges for the through haul has been badly dis- 'Itopted. On petition of many inter- e the commission early in i933 opened the all-rail rate case for "Mjer investigation. In that pro*S Mason City and other Iowa . rfioined in an effort to have Â· ^-called "hump" at the Missis- |jf river eliminated thus render- it possible for the Interior [''points to compete on equal terras l:with the River Cities, without the Â·! necessity for resorting to trucks. !. The examiners' report has not |-'as yet been released hence there is | v ,no inkling as to what success has I'lneen attained by the combined ef- lifforts of the Interior Iowa cities. It Â·I is believed, however, that the all$ rail rate structure will be stabilized !Â» during the early part of 1934. Should Be Equalized. . ,, If Mason City is succeesful in pro- 1,'curing an equalization of its all-rail j'rates with those oÂ£ its River Cities' B'comr ititors and Its rail-lake rates If with those at tho Twin Cities the I'last half of 1934 should find an ..equalization of ratea that will per[}?mit Mason City to forge ahead as a |V distributor of eastern goods in the |*trade area adjacent in the northern itlowa and southern Minnesota. A third case before the commission has Just recently been heard a. which the rates between Mason "ity and points in the southeastern tatea are involved.- The rates af- ected cover some 20 or more com- (nodltiea moving in carload and less- arload quantities and includes cot' Vgpn and rayon goods, gas and heat^ hg stoves, plumbers' goods, cast Main news events in Iowa for 1933, according to a compilation made by the Associated Press, included the following: JANUARY 1--Amana colonies formally inaugurated corporate industry, end six-months' transition period from 90-year communism. 1--Delinquent tax sales in 20 counties halted by protests of debt burdened farmers. 3--seven hundred Plymouth county farmers threatened to hang attorney on courthouse steps, forced him to raise bid on mortgage foreclosure to avoid deficiency judgment against farmer. 7--Expense economies estimated at 5125,000 announced by Attorney General O'Connor, Mrs. Alex Miller, secretary of state. 10--Webster county farm chattel foreclosure netted $10B, bids being $1 a horse, 25c a hog, 2 cents a bushel for corn. 12--Governor Herring, first democratic chieftain in 40 years, inaugurated. 12 Four killed, 28 injured in Burlington motor coach collision near Knoxville. 12--Seven hundred Story county farmers returned livestock taken from farmer by sheriff; farmer and wife force sheriff with attachment writ from farm at point of shotgun and rifle. 14 L. A. Andrew, state superintendent of banking, ordered 348 closed banks in state to cease mortgage foreclosure proceedings. 19--Governor Herring proclaimed to prevent eviction by sheriff. Iowa Civilian Conservation corps allotment pleaced at 5,000 men. 19--Governor Herring named C. D. Murtagh of Algona, state comptroller to administer financial control act, passed by house. 21--Forty-fifth general assembly, regular session, adjourned. 27--Lc Mars farmers dragged Judge C. C. Bradley from court bench, beat him into unconsciousness, threatened to hang him. Judge left lying along country highway. 28--Governor Herring declares martial law, sends troops to Plymouth and Crawford counties. Eight hundred farmers battle state agents and deputy sheriffs at Denison in attempt to halt foreclosure sale. 29--Arrests of suspects in farm disorders started by guard troops, scouring Plymouth and Crawford counties in army trucks. 30 -- Ply mouth-Crawford county civil courts closed; troops take charge. MAY 1--Military councils begin gathering evidence against farm revolters at Denison, Le Mars. 2--Judge George Claussen (r) assumed place on state supreme court bench held by Judge Hubert Utterback (d) since November election debate. Claussen seated by Clinton county court judge. Arrests of farmers at Denison and Le Mars reached total of 103. 11--Governor Herring lifted mar- gang escape radio directed search by airplane, armored car and sheriff posses. 25--Henry. Morgenthau, Jr., farm credit administrator, answered criticisms of mortgage refinancing campaign in Iowa with promise that work would be speeded. Iowa wheat allotment under federal production control program set at 4,020,178 bushels; lowans promised share of 100 millions in cash benefits if all co-operate. 30--Iowa's NRA drive well under way. AUGUST 5_Iowa'a 10 million dollar highway program approved by federal public works administration. 12--Home Owners Refinancing corporation opened offices to aid lowans. IT--Iowa public works wage scale set at SO cents an hour by Secretary of tho Interior Ickes. 31--Col. Glenn C. Haynes became warden of Ft. Madieon penitentiary to succeed T. P. Hollowell, resigned. SEPTEMBER 1--850 Iowa miners quit in wage 5--Court upheld right of E. W. Clark to office of insurance commissioner; ordered back salary, Man It Bring Health Wealth and Happiness to You Highway Oil Co. Corner Slate and Washington Mason City, IOMU farm mortgage moratorium. 20 Famed SF 111 passed by legislature, authorizing state department of banking to take over state banks without placing them in receivership. , 24--Secretary of Agriculture Ray Murray ordered halt to tuberculin testing- of cattle, cause of much criticism by farmers. 25--Governor Herring appointed D. W. Bates to succeed L. A. Andrew as superintendent of banking, effective July 1. 31--House passed farm moratorium, measure; five day marriage law rescinded. FKBRUARV. .3 Legislature legalized manufacture of grain alcohol under prohibition regulations. 3--One killed, four wounded in milk war shooting near Sioux City, across Missouri river In South Dakota. 7.__Compromiae mortgage moratorium bill passed legislature, signed by governor. 9--Governor Herring signed measure for governmental reorganization survey. ig Oscar M. Hartzell, Drake es- tater, retured from England, jailed pending trial at Sioux City on charge of fraudulent collection of money through the mails. 4--Lieutenant Governor Kraschel proclaims bank holiday in Iowa in accord with national proclamation, by President Roosevelt; Governor Herring in Washington for inauguration. 13.--State bank holiday lifted; national banks begin opening as federal licenses obtained. 13--3,000 farmers visit statehouae; ask farm aid. 23--Senate approves repeal election. 24--400 farmers in Shelby county stop mortgage eviction proceedings. 31--House passes budget bill ?11,501,447 for biennium; a' v reduction of $3,924,446. APRIL 1.2-3--Flood waters at Waterloo- Cedar Rapids, Ees Moines, Boone and North Iowa points reached peak; much farm laud Inundated. 4--Senate passed uniform bank reorganization bill to protect depositors. 7--House passed uniform bank blU; sent to governor. 10--House adopted Beatty-Bennet 20 per cent mandatory tax reduction biU; eent to governor. 11--House, passed 3.2 beer law. 13--Senate passed 3.2 beer law. 17--Senate paased house bill providing life or death sentence for kid- naping. / 18--senate passed measure to centralize financial control of state departments with the governor; sent to house. Farmers massed at Ed Durband farm, Plymouth county, tial law at Le Mars, Denison. 16--Twenty-two Denison farm leaders plead guilty to inciting disturbance at farm sale, fined 550, one day in Jail, year's jail sentence suspended. 19--Adjt. Gen. Charles H. Grahl said cost oÂ£ troops in farm revolt area would be approximately $25,000. 25--First CCC camp established at Albia. 29--Lieut; Gov. Kraschel named public works advisory council by Governor Herring. 29--H. H. ICildee became acting dean in charge of teaching of department of agriculture, Iowa State college; succeeded C. E. CurtlBS, resigned. JUNE 1--public works advisory committee laid plans for administration of anticipated $35,000,000 for Iowa projects. 3_Hoyal Union Life Insurance company placed in receivership; L. held by comptroller, paid. 0 240 Iowa miners returned to work; reached 'wage compromise. 8_Governor Herring- appointed liquor control committee to study legislation; recommended state owned liquor stores. 9---Federal Circuit Court Judge W, S. Kenyon, 64, of Fort Dodge, died at summer home, Bath, Maine. 20--PWA approved Â· $1,588,000 grant for Iowa projects. OCTOBER 2--Appanoose-Wayne county coal miners declared truce; agreed to return to work, wage dispute settled. 17--Corn-hog campaign announced, Iowa benefits estimated at $75,000,000. ' 21--National farm strike declared. , 22--Highways picketed by farmers near Sioux City. 24--Council Bluffs and Gleji- wood highways into Omaha picketed. 25--Mills county anti-strike farmers escorted trucks through picket lines; anti-strike organization A. Andre\ named receiver. 9--C. H. Houston, chairman of democratic state committee, named U. S. collector of internal revenue by President Roosevelt. 12--Bussey bank bandit slain, two vigilantes Injured in shooting. 20--Iowa voted 3 to 2 for repeal of the eighteenth amendment to the federal constitutor. 23--Iowa alloted 510,055,660 from public works funds for highways. 24--Insurance Commissioner B. W. Ciark named co-receiver with L. A. Andrew for Royal Union Life Insurance company. 25--Iowa NRA drive got uader announced. 30_io-state governors' confer- way. JULY 1--Louis H. Cook resigned from state board of assessment of review (succeeded by John W..Foster, incumbent, whose term expired. Louis Roddewlg of Davenport named to Foster's post). 4--Comptroller Murtogh inaugurated provisions of new. financial control act at statehouse; 80 general and 24 tax reduction bills went into effect. 6--E. J. Fueling of New Hampton named democratic state central committee chairman to succeed Charles D. Huston, resigned. 10--Iowa constitutional convention formally ratified repeal of the eighteenth amendment to federal constitution. 11--Governor Herring announced promise of up to $108,000,000 for farm mortgage refinancing by federal government, 13--Gilbert N. Haugen, 74, for 34 years a member of congress, died. 18--Ten state conference named 25 members to corn-hog committee for higher price campaign. 22--Elliott Roosevelt, son of the president, wed at Burlington to Miss Ruth Googins, Fort Worth, Tex., society girl. 24--Marvin Barrow, Texas bandit, injured fatally in machine gun battle with Iowa officers near Dexter; wife captured; three others of ence with farm leaders convened. 31--Governors draft plea for prices fixing of farm commodities to be carried to president. NOVEMBER 3--President Roosevelt rejects governor's price fixing plan. 5--Lawton farm pickets stopped freight train, released' eight carloads of livestock. 6--Railway bridge near Sioux City burned; Governor Herring declined troops for strike area. 7--Cherokee railway b r i d g e burned. g_Gen. Hugh Johnson, national NRA chieftain, appealed for support in address at Des Molncs. 9--Third railway bridge burned in strike area near Portsmouth. 11--Secretary oÂ£ Agriculture Wallace applauded by 7,000 farmers of state in plea for support of corn- hog program at Des Molnes. 13--Lieut. Gov. Kraachel resigned as secretary of Iowa public works advisory committee; removal order by Secretary of Interior Wickes announced at same time. 14--Farm strike activity apparently stopped with threat of cold weather. 16--Oscar M. Hartzell, Drake estate promoter, convicted in Sioux City federal court, sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, fined ?2,000. 18--Civil works administration opened drive to provide relief jobs in state. 24--First corn loan by government in nation made to W. W. Efal of Pocahoutas, 5585. 25--FiraiTweek c-: CWA provided jobs to 13,689 lowans. DECEMBER g--Corn-hog production MEMORIAL PARK "The Cemetery Beautiful" control contracts announced; drive for signatures mapped by Iowa administrators. 12--President Walter A. Jessup resigned post at University of Iowa to become president of Carnegie institution for the advancement of teaching, New York. 13--low.i exceeded CWA quota of 59,000 jobs for state, assured mil- 'lion dollar a week payroll. PARK PLAN PERPETUAL CARE Office 613 M. B. A. Building PAUL S. HULL, Manager Of I lea Phono 173 Cemetery Phono 28-F15 Another Milestone Swiftly 1934 approaches. And with it, we hope, it is bringing you your complete quota of happiness find prosperity -- a bright New Year- and all that goes with it! E RTS 13 SOUTH FEDERAL AVEV This world of ours gayly reels off an endless procession of years. Now it brings us another milestone, 1934, bringing 1 , we hope, a New Year of real joy and Prosperity to all our friends. M 1 CLEANERS Sioift FURRIERS J , To the New Building Era A gigantic blue-print, oC coast-to-coaÂ»it breadth, is spread out before us. An army oÂ£ engineers looks on in glad anticipation of seeing their plans take form in steel and concrete. The public, going about its daily affairs, pauses to glance at this or that excavation and remark, "A building will -riso here," or "A new road will bo built here." A great period of construction is under way . . . Contractors have the enviable privilege of turning labor and ingenuity to the fulfillment of other peoplo's hopes. They transform our materials into family dwellings, industrial plants, apartment hotels or paved roads. The name Ideal Rock Products has come to represent the highest type of washed and screened material in this community. Quality material contracts, however large or small, are Invariably assigned to us. IDEAL Sand and Gravel Co.