The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 13, 1934 · Page 12
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March 13, 1934

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 12

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, March 13, 1934
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE MARCH 13 TWELVE' - · ---- -- ' ' " ~~ : ~ ' ^^ ^T-y *r T S~\.*H JfT^ RESULTS OF SESSION TABULATED AS ASSEMBLY GOESJiOMg REVISION OF TAX LAWS, BEER AND LIQUOR TAKEN UP Three Point Tax Bffl, State Sale of Liquor Approved by Legislature. TAX REVISION Passage of the interim committee tax bill, writing three new taxes into the Iowa statutes, was one of the major accomplishments of the special session. The bill, which is expected to yield $20000,000 a year revenue, withstood repeated offensives in both branches as attempts were made to substitute for it * flat gross tax or a. classified transactions tax. A conference committee succeeded in effecting an accord between the two branches of the assembly and the bill as finally approved carried provisions for a personal net income tax of from one to five per 'cent, a net corporations Income tax of two per cent and a retail sales tax of two per cent. Drafted on the basis of recommendations of an interim committee and the Brookings institution, the act was regarded as the first major tax revision step in many years. A bill which rode to approval early in the session postponed until April 2, 1934, delinquent tax safes scheduled for Dec. 4, sJid a companion measure deferred official publication. The senate passed but the house defeated a bill to allow boards of supervisors to compromise delinquent taxes upon payment of the principal. Bills which were passed also reduced the road poll tax from $3 to ?2, raised the maximum county levy for poor relief from % to one and one-half mills, made non-payment of personal taxes a lien on real property, and provided for remission of taxes on bank stock which had paid a 100 per cent assessment Iowa butter board and copyrighting the Iowa butter trademark. Fixing the minimum standard weight of a loaf of bread at three-fourths of a pound. Requiring-beer-sold in.Iowa to be made of at least 66 2-3 per cent barley mash. Making optional the carrying of insurance on sealed grain. Increasing from % cent to 1 cent the maximum charge a bushel for sealing grain. Among measures introduced were: Authorizing the governor to declare an embargo on out of state shipments of farm products and empowering him to call the militia to enforce the embargo proclamation. Providing for a three-cent tax on all lard substitutes. Requiring the posting of * bond equal to the appraisal value of cattle to undergo the bovine tuberculin test. Recognition of the swine breeders' association. Giving boards of supervisors full control over weed eradication. Raising the tax on oleomargarine from three cents a, pound to five cents a pound. PUBLIC UTILITIES A bill giving added power to the state railroad commission . to the regulation of pipeline companies was passed. The measure provides that the commission shall grant permits and charge an investigation fee to each applicant of 50 cents a mile for each diameter inch of pipe. An annual inspection fee of 25 cents on the same basis of computation is provided. The bill replaces the" pipeline tax law which courts held unconstitutional. A measure allowing municipalities to own and operate telephone systems went through the house but died in the senate sifting committee. An effort to permit municipalities to regulate telephone rates was defeated in the house. A bill creating a state hydroelectric commission empowered to erect light and power plants and distribute current over the state died in the house steering committee. Telephone companies are required to furnish facilities and service to each other without discrimination under an approved measure. SUMMARY OF BILLS ACTED ON DES MOIKES, (lei-- Here are important bills which passed, were defeated, or died in committees: Bills passed: Tax revision. Old age pensions. State monopoly of hard liquors and wines. Permitting retail sale of 4 per cent beer. Appropriating $3,000,000 for poor relief. Permitting municipalities to issue revenue bonds to take advantage 01 F Givufg an s'tate banking institutions the right to participate in the federal deposits guarantee law. and to make loans from the RFC. Refunding the outstanding primary road bonds. Reducing the registration fee for motor vehicles after the third the child labor amendment to the federal constitution. Reducing the interest on small loans. Defeated or dying in committees:' NRA legislation making violations of the federal laws violations of the state laws. Abolition of the direct primary. Nonpartisan election of judges, which passed house. Making automatic the moratoriums on realty mortgage fore- ClOS1 pronibiting the execution of deficiency judgments, which passed quests involved transfer of secondary road funds to the poor fund. LIQUOR SALE Adoption of a conference committee report late in the session placed final legislative approval on the state liquor control legalizing the eale of alcoholic liquor in Iowa. A private sale plan was rejected in favor of the state retail liquor monopoly system provided for in the bill carrying .out the recpmmen- ~~5iSlons of~agovernor'sliquor control «tudy committee. Various proposals to ease the bill's restrictions failed as it passed the house and then the senate, among them the amendments which would have permitted sale of liquor. In an executive session the senate confirmed the governor's three aprjointmetits to the state liquor control commission which the bill created. Creating a highway motor patrol, which passed senate. Abolition of state highway commission and state custodian ana creation of state public works department Permitting construction of the Moscow dam. Extending the time for redemption of foreclosed property, which pM *Restoration of salary reductions, to county officials. Providing for the gathering of data in connection with direct buying of livestock -which passed senate. which passed the house but was killed, by the senate. An appropriation of $32,130 was voted as the Iowa share in the establishment and maintenance of Iowa offices of the national employment system. The three million dollar appropriation for poor relief and the $100,300 for the state conservation program also were approved with the assurance of further federal funds and assistance. Other legislation enacted changed the banking laws to allow participation in the federal deposit insurance program, and revised other statutes to take advantage of PWA and RFC provisions. Another bill passed authorized the federal government to acquire state lands for national forests. The highway commission also was authorized by another measure to cooperate with the federal government in highway work, advancing money from the road fund to speed the program. when that body tabled the-proposal. A resolution calling for an investigation of the banking department or the years for the past decade if feasible' died in the house steerir^ committee. BLUE LAWS Senate attempts to repeal the Iowa Sunday "blue laws" failed by a vote of 15 to 30. During the regular session a-year ago, a .similar attempt was made in the house which went on record 48 to 45 against repeal. a bill requiring use of safety glass in automobiles. A bill was passed permitting registration for 1934 without payment of penalties for 1933 where a storage affidavit for that year has been filed with the county treasurer. MILITARY The state's military laws were revamped and made to conform with the federal defense act, but attempts to broaden the powers of. the covernor in calling out troops failed. As introduced, the governor would have been authorized where necessary, to remove sheriffs and county attorneys in occupied areas The senate pulled these "teeth before the feasure reached the house. CHILD LABOR NEW BEER LAW INVESTIGATIONS Proposals for investigation of state departments for little support. For three days the house sat as a committee of the whole to hear the highway commission answer allegations made by an interim house committee. The house took no action on the committee report nor did it adopt a resolution calling for investigation by the attorney general of the purchase of the Guthrie county gravel jit and of cement prices. A house concurrent resolution calling for a legislative investigation of the state insurance department met its death in the senate ELECTIONS The lower branch passed a measure providing for the non-partisan election of judges, but it died in the senate sifting committee. The absentee voters law was tightened by providing that ballots must be cast by such voters not later than the day prior to the election. A house measure to repeal the primary law was withdrawn. MISCELLANEOUS Walkathons, danceathons, skat- athons and other endurance contests were banned. Inquiry into the religious affiliations of applicants for teaching and public positions was made a. misdemeanor. Manufactured goods were removed from the Iowa preference law by the Topping bill. A senate bill to tighten the Iowa coal preference law died in the house steering committee. School boards may permit transportation of high school pupils to another district under an approved bill, which however, requires that if the cost exceeds the prorated high school tuition charge, the difference shall be collected from the parents of the transported pupils. Another school bill enacted requires that no teaching contract be made where there were less than five pupils the preceding term, un- ess the parents of at least seven children in the elementary grades filed a statement with the county superintendent that the children will enroll arid attend the school. Masonic Funeral Held for Tallman, Clarion CLARION, March 13.--Funeral services for W. H. Tallman, who died at his home in Clarion Saturday, were held at the Methodist church, with the Rev. W. A. '.Vinter- stein in charge. A Masonic service was given by Cyrerie lodge. Mr. Tallman was born April 6, 1854, in Bellaire, Ohio. He was married to Emmeline Schlosser on March 11, 1877, in Pontiac, EL Mr. and Mrs. Tallman had observed their golden wedding seven years ago. Surviving Mr. Tallman are his wife, four sons and two daughters, Joseph, John, Wilbur of Clarion, Charles of St. Louis, Mrs. Harry Stephens of Oelwein and Mrs. Ora Hurt of Clarion. Chris Hossman Funeral Is Held in Eagle Grove EAGLE GROVE March 13.--Funeral services for Chris Hossman, 72, farmer three miles south of town in Troy township, were held at the east side Lutheran church, Tuesday afternoon, the Rev. T- J. Severtson officiating. Burial was made in the Goldfield cemetery. Mrs. Hossman died several years ago. Surviving are two sons, Frank, on the home farm where the father died and Roy; also one daughter, Mrs. Charles WIlcox at Clarion. Buys Stock at Harlan. LEDYARD, March 13.--Herman Gabel left for Harlan where he has purchased the Fullers grocery stock. CORN BELT MEN AT CONFERENCE Discuss Proposed Midwest Council of Farm, Labor and Industry. TERRE HAUTE, Bid., March 13. jp--proposed organization of a midwest council of agricultural, industrial and labor interests brought delegations from a number of corn belt states to Terre Haute today. The council is expected to serve as a clearing house for major problems of middlewestem interest, and as a means for concerted action to influence legislation. A committee named at a prelim-l inary meeting Feb. 26 was prepared^ to present plans for organization. C. N. Power, director of the Terre Haute chamber of commerce, is chairman, and Clifford Gregory, Chicago, editor of Prairie Farmer, and William H. Settle, president of the Indiana Farm Bureau, members of the committee. Representativel from organizations in Indiana, Ulinols, Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, and Ohio accepted invitations to the meeting. The council resulted from organized protest to a temporary federal order permitting manufacture of beverage alcohol from Cuban molasses in unlimited quantity. Claiming this would virtually exclude mid- dlewestern corn, the council obtained assurance the order would not be extended, but it seeks legislation to prevent any such extension. Ratification of the proposed amendment to the federal constitution giving congress the right to regulate the employment of children was among the first acts or the special session. During the regular session the joint resolution to swing Iowa into line with those states approving this amendment was indefinitely postponed in tht house. This session the resolution was started in the senate and adopted 41 to 6. In the house it was. passed 61 to 42, making Iowa the sixteenth state to register approval of delegating congress with this additional authority. The legal alcohol content of beer sold in Iowa was stepped up from the familiar 3.2 mark to 4 per cent by weight through a new beer law. The bill also authorized sate of any quantity of iced beer for consumption off the premises and made various other changes in the previous law. Attempts to permit Sunday sale failed in the house and were not brought up in the senate. The upper branch in passing the bill, however, attached amendments such as the one authorizing outdoor advertising, and these were concurred in by the house. POOR RELIEF Told by Governor Herring and relief officials that Iowa funds were required for poor relief to order to insure continued aid from the federal government, the legislature promptly passed a bill appropriating $3,000,000. The money will be obtained from the new tax law. SECURITIES LAWS At the request of the state securi ties department, the law under which it operates was rewritten to rive the department added regula- for^ authority. The bill met little opposition in either branch BANKING LAWS COUNTIES MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL OLD AGE PENSION .As the result of an investigation into motor vehicle fuel refunds by Si interim legislative committee, the entire law on the subject was ^Thfact provides for the issuance of licenses by the state treasurer to distributors, tank wagon transports and service stations, as well as fuel oil distributors. Rrf""* 3 ."J^E vehicle fuel would be limited to its use in stationary engines, farm tractors, aircraft, motor Boats and by cleaning and dyeing establishments Persons desiring refunds are reauired to obtain exemption permits from the state treasurer. The old age pension bill, discarded by previous assemblies, encountered a friendly reception in the special session and was enacted with the support of administration forces The assembly passed legislation authorizing county boards of supervisors to discontinue the stamp note plan of poor relief and providing foi the retirement of the notes issued. Sheriff's mileage fees were increased from 5 to 7% cents a a mile foi trips within their own counties. County officials may apply for seized automobiles for official use, under another bill which was approved. The assembly adopted a conference committee report which permitted maximum salaries of deputy county officials to be 65 per cent of that of their principals. The senate had placed the maximum at 75 per cent and the house cut that to 65 per cent. Th« present maximum is 60 per cent. Banking legislation, as in the regular session, was much to the fore. Among the bills passed were those permitting issuance of preferred stock so that banks could take advantage of the federal deposit guaranty law and removing the double- liability of stockholders so that banks could obtain loans from the R. F. C. The legislators also gave the state superintendent another year in which to retain possession of S. F. Ill banks. Private banks were granted the right to ask for examinations by the state banking department and provisions were made for the remission of taxes where the capital stock of a bank had been lost. Depositors' agreements by public officials in charge of public funds were legalized and the officials allowed to participate in the state sinking fund for public deposits. A house bill to permit branch banking was indefinitely postponed. CITIES AND TOWNS AERONAUTICS in both branches. The senate, where the was sponsored by the veteran Joe R- Frailey, concurred in house amendments to complete the final legislative step on the measure, which will make pensions of not to exceed $25 a month available to Iowa needy over 65 years of age. The necessary revenue will be raised by an annual per capita tax. SMALL LOANS The special session upset precedent by enacting a small loans bill, choosing from among the several which had been introduced in both branches, one reducing the rates from 3% per cent a month to 3 per cent on the first ?150 and 2V 2 per cent on the balance, and authorizing the state banking board to change the rates later on after an investigation. During the closing weeks of the session, the legislators enacted a law creating an aeronautics com- mtoion fnfhe adjutant general's department. The bill drew considerable fire in the house, because it tovolved additional expense, although, the commission . o£ three members serves without compensation other than actual expenses. The commission has full power to hold investigations, inquiries and hearings concerning all matters relating to aeronautics in Iowa, including accidents. Municipalities were given the right to issue negotiable revenue bonds payable from net earnings of municipally owned public utilities. Councils were given the authority to levy a millage rate not in excess of the amount raised by the 1930 levy for funds for fire departments. The law regarding police and firemen's pensions and retirement system was rewritten. Police matrons in cities over 60,000 were placed under civil service and police pension provisions. AGRICULTURE RELIEF HIGHWAYS AGRICULTURE A number of bills affecting the state's agricultural situation were dumped into the hopper, some winning approval but many either dying in the steering committees or failing to pass both houses. Among these bills which drew major attention were several which would wipe out or reduce aid to county farm bureaus and create county agricultural extension boards. Supporters of the measure for extension boards waged a long and hard fight to get the bill on the house calendar. Their efforts, however met with scant consideration and the bill was finally tabled. Other bills affecting the county farm bureaus were sent to the steering committee where they died. Bills passed included: Creating an CLAIMS BILLS Scores of claims bills, running into a total ef thousands of dollars were approved. Many of these claims were for damages resulting to motor vehicles in collision with highway department vehicles. One of the largest claims was reimbursement to Lvon county for transportation of patients to the University of Iowa hospital. This sum was more than $3,000. HOSPITALS The legislators settled the question of admission of indigent patients to the University of Iowa hos- Dital by adopting the quota plan. Fees of examining physicians of indigents were reduced to S3 and pay of attendants of such patients was reduced to $3 and pay of attendants of such patients was reduced to $2. Another bill approved gives, hospitals a lien for costs for care or an injured person. Outstanding among the highway legislation passed was the bill providing for the refunding of the outstanding $95,000,000 of primary road bonds. The bill had a struggle in the house where the roads and highways committee recommended indefinite postponement. The committee report was rejected and the measure passed. The house rejected a bill creating a highway motor patrol of 38 men in the department of motor vehicles. The bill had been amended by the house so that the men would have been named by the governor. A measure creating a four lane 36-foot highway system died in the senate without being considered. The house lulled a concurrent resolution for the appointment of an interim committee of four legislators to study highway motor patrol and motor vehicle traffic and regulations and report at the next session. Despite the fact that the administration ashed for additional legislation for agricultural relief, several of the bills passed by the house died in the senate. The lower branch approved a measure maWng automatic the moratorium on realty foreclosures until March 1, 1933. Several weeks later, it passed another bill on the same subject which would require courts to grant continuance on realty mortgage foreclosure actions where the defendant is not in default for want of pleading or appearance. An attempt to get the moratorium bill on the senate calendar failed. Two measures affecting the right of redemption of foreclosed property were approved by the lower branch. One, which also passed the senate and was enacted, would extend the redemption period until Dec. 2, 1935, on foreclosed property where the treasurer's deed had not been issued. The other would have automatically extended the period until March 1, 1935. where the redemption period had not expired, but would have given the court the right to allocate proceeds from the property. The hous also passed a bill which would prevent executions on deficiency judgments, but this died in the senate. FISH AND GAME LEGALIZING ACTS The legislature approved many requests to legalize transfer of county funds The majority of these re- MOTOR VEHICLES The legislature reduced the cost of motor vehicle registration after the third registration and also provided that after the sixth registration that part of the fee based on the value of the 'vehicle is eliminated. A bill requiring a vehicular count to determine the type of surfacing on primary roads died in the house. Both house and senate approved Fees on hunting and fishing licenses were increased as a means of providing additional funds for the propagation and protection of fish and game. Appropriation of $100,000 to the state board of conservation to further the Iowa 25- year conservation program with the assistance of the CCC and other federal agencies was passed by both houses. CO-ORDINATING An unprecedented number of bills to co-ordinate and revise state laws to conform with the federal program went into the legislative mill. Important among these was the NRA bill to place state enforcement behind the NRA and business codes Natural.Bridge r All Aboard! OH to America's Celebrated Scenic Wonderlands! The Inspiring New Travelogue Natural Scenes of the United States Now Available to Readers of the The Mason City Globe-Gazette A FAMOUS natural view from every State in the Union! 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