The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 19, 1931 · Page 3
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February 19, 1931

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, February 19, 1931
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FEBRUARY 19 1931 CEitg (Slnbe (teettr A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 380' WILL P. MUSE Editor W. EARL, HALL Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for "publication of all news dispatches credited tt it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also al local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Dally, per year ; 57.0! Daily, per week 15 Outside of Mason City nnd Clear Lalie Daily, per year by carrier 57-01 Daily, per week by carrier 15 Daily, per year by mail 4.00 6 months, 52.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months $3.25 3 months 1.7f Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter ' Wo are never so happy, nor so unhappy, as we suppose mrselves to he.--LA ROCHEFOUCAULD N NYE GOES A-YACHTING ORTH DAKOTA'S Little Boy Blue in the senate Gerald P. Nye, enjoyed quite an extensive and expensive Florida vacation during the Christmas recess of congress. As'chairman of the' senate public lands committee, Mr. Nye traveled just as luxuriously as chairman of the special senate committee investigating senatorial campaign expenses. As a result of the Nye committee's yachting expedition to Florida, the taxpayers and treasury department are out something like §3,000. The yachting party was technically billed as an official investigation to inspect the Everglades as a possible site for a national park. Actually, it was a pleasant little party at government expense. The yachting senators included three of the radical group, Senators Nye of North Dakota, Thomas J. Walsh of Montana, and Peter Norbeck of South Dakota. Three other stalwarts seeking Florida sunshine at government expense were Illinois' Senator Glenn, Tasker L. Oddie of Nevada, and Henry F. Ashurst of Arizona. Several of the "official investigating committee" took their wives. The yacht excursion started at Miami and wound leisurely around the cape and into the Everglades for four days and three nights. A Negro orchestra strummed and sang while the busy senators kept investigating. In order not to miss any bayous which should need Mr. Nye's personal attention, a sea-going power yacht followed the party around. Miami thotfully supplied airplane rides for the senators and Florida citi- i zens supplied other recreations befitting a busy sena- . torial committee on a junket. "This was the only way the committee could thoroly inspect the Everglades, where it was proposed to establish a nation? park," said Senator Nye in justifying his $1,678.50" oyi for the yacht excursion. Railroad dai/,)ns in compartments on crack Florida trains swelled the -Nye : junket to nearly .$3,000. As special elections snooper for the senate Mr. Nye's pleasurable operations left a 596,500 legacy for the treasury department to foot. As head of this campaign costs committee the frugal senator from North Dakota ( discovered how to charge Glacier Park vacations as committee expenditures, so the Florida yachting junket followed. The utter sham of senators like Nye and Walsh and Norbeck in defending the people's pennies in the senate and wasting them on pleasure trips is only too apparent now. It is time that North Dakota sends Mr. Nye back to his country printing office, for he has been a liability as a public servant. In attempting to show up Senator Davis of Pennsylvania, Ruth Hanna McCormick and Gilbert M. Hitchcock as careless spenders, he has only shown up himself as the most wasteful spender of them all. PLAIN TALK ABOUT THE DOLE ' VpHE labor party in England, which has been tera- ·*· porizing with depression and borrowing money to meet ever greater demands of the dole, or unemployment insurance payments, has finally grasped the nettle. Outspoken Chancellor of the Exchequer Snowden told parliament, in a hard-boiled speech which dismayed the labor benches and brot cheers from the tories, that labor intended to make drastic decreases in the dole. Left-wing laborites call it betrayal. Snowden says it is the only possibility of maintaining British public credit. John Bull must go down even deeper than ever into his pocket to balance the budget, even with a decreased dole. Super taxes, already taking half of even moderate incomes, are to be increased. But labor dares not load any ihore on Industry. British industry is crippled already, and acutely sick from loss of markets. For a generation England has been dancing to the popular tune of "Make the rich pay." But the music is dying out, even with a socialist government in office. The rich have paid until there are few of them Jeft to pay. Now the ranks of labor, since the war trained to exist on a weekly gratuity from taxes instead of a payroll for steady work, are to have a bout of paying. Inevitably, general elections approach. The labor party has to its credit the naval limitation treaty and approximate success in India. But it has failed to make any progress with British domestic difficulties. The tory party, representing industry and what is left of the old aristocracy, expects to succeed. But truth compels the statement that their program scornis equally hopeless. It is a dark day for Britain. MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE altogether." That has been their attitude from th -irst. It's their attitude now. Opponents have prose euted their case on a shifting base. We insist the proposal to make military drill op tional is not made in good faith. It has little more t trommend it than would a suggestion to eliminate me chanical drawing from the course in engineering, auat omy from the study of medicine or torts from the stud of law. What fair-minded person would argue agains requiring physical training as a part of college curri cula ? No person honestly or intelligently in favor of mili tary training is asking for the change to an optiona basis. Why the pettifoggery then? Why not a cleai cut division on pro-military training and .anti-militar training lines'.' OTHER EDITORS SAHA BEHNHARDT AND IOWA Davenport Democrat: Was Sara Bernhardt reall born in Iowa? Was she the Sal King of early day of the town of Rochester, a few miles south of Tipton Who was the heavily veiled woman who came to th little cemetery at Rochester and left flowers on th grave of Mrs. King? Was that incident really con temporaneous with Sara Bernhardt's filling of an en gagement in the opera house here at Davenport? These are questions which may always await .. convincing answer. The great tragedienne died with out throwing any light on the subject, but there ar old res!dents of the Rochester neighborhood who ar convinced that she was the little Sal King who ran away with a traveling theatrical company, years ago and was never heard of afterward unless the divine Sara really were she. If you are down Rochester way you can see th house m which the neighbors say Sara spent he girlhood, and a highway s;g n points you to the place f i e subject has been reopened by discussion in the Who knows of any facts which will help set his wry straight on this important question If Sara Bernhardt was really an lowan born, we ought to b, able to add it to the other reasons why this state i distinguished m ^o many ways beyond its fellows PARTISANSHIP SUBMERGED IV ew Hampton Tribune-Gazette: Newspapers hrve more and more been getting away from the fallacy U bC PC " tiCal party ° rgans haw b n rl» r ' have been devoting more attention to being really news-papers. That is why we believe that an in* dependent editorial policy, .such as the Tribune-Gazette is announcing: this week, is a sound policy-TM?i.- m , he , epmg ' Wlth mode "i trends. In this countv particularly, we have the most independent voters in the world, we believe. They will roll up majorities y the hundreds for a candidate on one ticket, and do .he same for a candidate on the opposite ticket at the same election. Under such conditions an independent newspaper should best tie able to serve the co community. LIMITING TRUCKS Storm Lake Pilot-Tribune: One of those 75-foot twits went thru Storm Lake the other day It was constructed for the purpose of carrying three or fbur automobiles at one time. A very satisfactory method for the trucksters but we arc sorry for the motorist TO DRILL OR NOT TO DRILL jF YOU'LL get right down to fundamentals, you'll ·*· discover that the group which is wailing so loud against the idea of "compulsion" in military drill at the tax-supported institutions has no objection at all to making physical training compulsory. It would be evnr so much more fo the credit of these opponents of the military work if they would come into the open and fight without a. smoke screen. Once they opposed military drill as something iniquitous. Now they are saying: "Let's make it optional." Defenders of the military work as it exists now have logic on their side when they take the position: j 'Tf drill Is evil, why temporize? Let's do away witli it v, . . . . , - - - - -- rry for the motorist \ho gets behind one of them and seeks to get aliead Likewise, one can well imagine how trucks of hat sort and trucks that are not so large but are ex- remely heavy, arc tearing up our highways. The motoring public pays for the roads, keeps them main- amed and then watches these big roadcraft slowly uni them. If the present legislature doesn't do'-anvhmp: else than limit the. size and weight of trucks t will have conferred a, javor on the populace. BENHAM IS BROKE ' Davenport ITemocrat: "Fifty Per Cent Benham ' he fat Ponzi for Belvidere, III., has come to the end of lua financial rope. As soon as publicity stopped the parade of suckers o the little garage where he accepted their money he was unable to pay big interest on. the "loan's 1 ' nade to him by the earlier paraders. Now he is busted," and his victims are said to be out $300,000 r $400,000. Whichever figure is correct doesn't mater, as they will get nothing. We had a similar case in Iowa not long ago. Per- aps the fact that our own swindlers are still at iberty may have encouraged the Illinois brother to mnk he could get away with murder, too. KEEP OUT OP TREASURY Britt News-Tribune: Somehow we admire Presi- ent Hoover for opposing federal appropriations for rought relief victims. Only a few weeks ago we e ?,T Of a lar £ e issue of Arkansas state bonds being old. If our memory serves us correctly they were obbled up notwithstanding the fact that they bore nly 31* per cent interest. That indicates Arkansas as mighty good credit. Then why carmot Arkansas mance her own poor? Iowa has an abundance of ggs and corn, pork and beef to sell. Why not let enator Robinson's state float some relief bonds and uy our products? That would help both Iowa and Arkansas. LIGHTEN THE TAX LOAD Ackley World-Journal: Isn't it possible that the average man is paying out enough of his earnings without this particular (state income) tax? There's the federal government's tax on incornes. Has it ever occurred to any of these state legislators that it is possible to cut expenditures; shut off waste and extravagance and thus make the general tax burden lighter ? Or are \vehereentirely for the state ? THE VOTE TO DATE P^n TOl J£ ? arey '" Simlx City Jollr »al: Abraham Lincoln--Statesman and Patriot or Loafer and Ignoramus? Ye Vote to Date: For Lincoln--Herbert Hoover, president of United States and 122 775 OH other Americans. Against Lincoln--Edgar Lee Masters, H. L. Mencken. CHILD SIARRIAQES IN IOWA · Bncclyn Sentinel: Don't think we ought to complain too much about child marriages in India when m Winnebago county, Iowa, last year four girls of IT, one of 15 and four boys of 18 and five of 19 years Wfyn mn »-i-Trt/I *" Fellowship of Prayer A Daily Lenten Feature Presented in Co- Operation With the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America CHRISTIAN-SONG (Read Luke 1 :-lfi-55 and 1 :!8-7») The Beautiful Book males the Christian era to begin with a burst of song. In Acts and the Epistles there occur what seem to be snatches from early hymns One of the earliest pagan reports about the Christians tells that they were accustomed to meet in the morning and sing hymns of praise to Christ. And the church has sung its way down thru the centuries. The great revivals have borne witness in song. What would John Wesley have been without his brother Charles? Or Moody without Sankey? How would our faith languish without its great, sweet hymns! When we are cast down these hymns lift us as on wings; when we are wayward they recall us to memories of better days. They express our joy, they comfort our sorrow. A singing faith is secure; it has the victory that overcomes the world. Prayer: O God, Who hast put melody in our hearts, we thank Thee for the song's that help us on our way. Keep UH ever in this grace, we beseech Thee. And i life grows dark about us, g:ve us songs in the A rno-- J THE OLD HOME TOWN . . . . . . By Stanley JERK THAT TOWEL. LIKE THAT---SAY V\IHO HAD THIS TOWEL MARSHAL OTEY WALKER JUST HAPPENED TO WALK THROUGH THH CENTRAL. HOTEL WASH ROOM WH1LH A COUPLE OF MEN wereF FIQHTWQ OVER A CLEAN r3Ol_LEje. ~ToWEl_ DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clendenlm: cannot iliagnose or Klvo personal answcra to letters from readers. When question,! lire ot ucncral Interest, Aim-over, they will ne Inker, up. In nrilcr. In Hie ,!nUy column Address your queries to Dr. Lo B iin CIcmlctilnK. earn 0 ( The Gtobc-Giwctlo. Write !t|;lbly ami not more than 200 words. TOBACCO BAN PROPOSAL DISCOUNTED A PROPOSED amendment to the Constitution of the ·rV United States is as follows: O ) "The manufacture, sale, transportation, Inflation or otherwise consumption of cigars, cigarets pipe tobacco, cut plug and snuff is hereby prohibited! (2) The congress and the several states shall have concurrent power to enforce this article' by appropriate legislation, and to appoint enforcement officers in every community." 'The basis of this prohibition Amendment, oE course, must be the effect of tobacco 'on health. I recall the things said about tobacco when I was'just beginning to look lecherously about this world, 30 years ago. Cigarets were referred to as "coffin nails." "Inhaling" exposed the inhaler directly and immediately to the danger of tuber_ culosis. Every form of tobacco stunted growth. Women who Ilr. ClnndeninK smoked were by and for that rea- on of shady moral character (altho a lady who chewed yas of the old regime). Women who had spent a long ime "abroad," however, were exempt from the rule. In the light of modern investigators, what kind of a health primer on tobacco could we get up? Does tobacco stunt growth? I quote from researches by Dr. Wingate Johnson: He examined 150 men who had never smoked and 150 raokers. The average height of the smokers was G9.2 nches, of the non-smokers, G9.2 inches. Dr. Thienes gave nicotine to growing mice and ats, and compared their growth with normal -con- rols. The nicotinizcd mice grew, if anything, a little aster than the non-nicotinlzcd ones. Does tobacco cause high blood pressure? In a test, 150 smokers were compared to 100 non- mokers. The average blood pressure of the smokers vas 128 (systolic) and 78 (diastolic). The average lood pressure of the non-smokers was 120 (systolic) nd 79 (diastolic). Even if you have high'blood pressure, tobacco does ot seem to do you much or any harm. When there re arterial changes in the heart muscle causing an- ina pectoris, the use of tobacco usually brings on ttacks more frequently, and most patients who have ngina give up the use of tobacco. They find it very asy to do, even if it has been a lifelong habit. Killlnr'H Note: Four pamphlet* ami four articles ly Dr Clemlenlni; can now lie obtained tiy scnulns 10 cents In coin lor each pamphlet and 2 cents In coin for each article willi a. suli-ndilressed, stamped envelope, lo Dr. Lo|;an CICMl-ninK. In care ot this paper, or Central Press Association. Unr, ICnit T w e l f t h street. Cleveland, Ohio. The pamphlet* are: · " I l e d n c i n r nnd GainlnK." "Infant FecilInK," "Instructions for tlio Treatment of Diabetes" and "Feminine Hrfctcne." Tlie articles arc- Normal Diet." "Diet of the K x n e c t n n t Mother," "Tulicrcnlo- sis" and "The Atonic Abdominal Wall." EARLIER DAYS telnB a. llnlly nminlliiKnn ,, t , llU .r,. s llii E llr.m Jrom Hie Twenty \ram Acu" 1'llrs if |l, u :i,,ne-(iniclte. Copyrighted 1031 JUST FOLISS ~ lly I.-f)O,iK A. OI;KST ABSENCE "Not going to the party?" questioned she And arched her eyebrows in a curious way, As if to miss the great event would be A loss of something time could not repay. "Poor dear, I'm sorry for you," she went on "I'll bring you all the news when I return, And do not cry too much while I am gone. Just drop to sleep and let the hall light burn." And so she left her, thinking that to go Was all important; gowned in satins fair, And beautiful to see, the throng would know And recognise her lovely presence there. When she returned her sister's cheek she kissed. "My dear," she said, "so many asked for you! You gained the greater fame by being missed! That I was there some people never know." ONE MINUTE PULPIT--If a man say I love God, and hatcth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen how can he love God whom he hath not seen ? And this commandment have we from him. That he who loveth God love his brother also.--I John iv 20, 21. ' C. H. McNider leaves this evening for Boston where he will visit for a couple of days with his son, Hanford, who sails on Washington's birthday for a trip around the world. Hanford has completed his course at Harvard and this trip was one of the appreciative things promised him when he entered as a freshman at Harvard. He has been very successful in his studies and thoro in his work as becomes a chip off the old block and the world tour will be a. post graduate course in history, political economy, the science of government and perhaps, romance. Mr. McNider will be absent about a week. A college chum, a Mr. Minot of Massachusetts, who has been with Hanford thru his college course, will accompany him on the trip. The Cerro Gordo Merchants Credit association is issuing a new and revised book to its members. One o£ the new features of the organization is one which is meant to prevent any person net a member o£ the association getting the benefit of the rate book by consulting it thru a loan made by the member. A penalty of 510 is imposed upon tl;e member of the association who is not able at any time to return the book to the association officei'. This agreement the association member signs when he receives the book containing the ratings. A party of 11 retail grocers of Mason City ac- compai-.ed by Manager C, C. Virgil of the Letts, Spencer, Smith company branch of the Western Grocer company, was the guest of Manager R. W. McCreery and the department heads of the Western Grocer company mills at Marshalltown yesterday. In company with Mr. Virgil and .7. M. Taylor, city salesman for the Mason City branch, the party spent the dny at the mills for the purpose of making themselves fa- familiar with their products and methods of manufacturing. At noon they were served with dinner at the mills and late in the afternoon they were taken to the Marshalltown club's quarters where luncheon was served. The retailers who made up the party were Messrs. C. E. Ramsey, W. E. Winter, E. G. Smith, L. S. Thompson, \V. A. Dean, S. A. Anderson, F. H. Gage, F. H. 'Miller, John Murray, E. P. Gilman and John Collolon. The Seventh Day Adventisls are eager to locate a college in North Iowa and to that end Mason City will be given the first chance to locate such an institution. Representatives of that church are now in that field looking over the situation. The decision to found a school in North Iowa came as a result of the conference of the church which has just adjourned at Nevada and which was attended by the Rev. Mr. McComas who with his family returned from there today. Several enthusiasts journeyed to McGregor Saturday to witness the wrestling match for the middleweight championship of Iowa between W. S. Barclay of this city and Jud Thompson of Spencer. The condition was the best two in three pin falls and was declared a draw after each contestant had scored a fall. Barclay gained the first fall in 8 minutes and 30 seconds, while the Spencerite took the second in 30 minutes. The third and deciding battle was unobtainable after a long drawn out struggle and as the hour was past midnight the referee decided the event a draw. Side bets to the amount of $250 were called off. YouR'E THE JUDGE A L TRICKS, traveling salesman, bought a strip of railroad tickets entitling him to one passage for each ticket to and from two nearby eastern cities. Al knew of the hours of the departure of certain trains he had been in the habit of taking. He had familiarized himself with the train schedule thru a newspaper in which the railroad announced the schedule of its trains. Tricks' favorite train was one that departed at 9:30 in the morning. After having mads a long distance engagement in that town one day, he appeared at the station with his tickets prepared to take the 9:30 train. But at 9:30 no train departed, and upon inquiry he was informed that the train had been removed and replaced with one at 11 a. m. Tricks demanded to know why it was not announced that the train had been removed nnd he was told that printed hand bills had been passed around and posted in the cars and station. But Tricks never had seen any of them. He took the 11 o'clock train but missed the engagement, and the order was lost. But when he came back to town he filed suit against the railroad. How would you decidft thin case? Make up your mind before you rend !he decision. The f l o r l B l n n ; The court held acalnsl (he railroad. The Jud^ef! reasoned llius; While the Company hn.i a rl^ht Uj make any change* In It.t train schedule, tlmt it le!m* necescary, in order In free ll.ielf rrJm Its oWlcallons. It mint r'UlilIsh changes Just as e x t e n s i v e l y aj It 'Iocs the r o R u l a r trains. If tlie notice had lieen jmtjll.ihfd in the rwwsnancr where Tricks K ot hln first I n f o r m a t i o n he wouM have been hound hy It even tho hn dlil not .ice II, bill it was not p'lt)- lished In that newspaper, io tlic railroad was lialile. Q. What amount. was cleared by the army-navy football same for charity? K. E, T. A. · The net receipts from the army and navy game for unemployment were $G07,'IOO--$600,000 was given to the Salvation Army unemployment fund, Q. Are some of our commercial cigarets rolled by tiniul? ,1. (J. T. A. All the cigarets made in thia country are wrapped by machinery. Some recently devised machines can turn out over 50,000 an hour. Q. Ho\v many of (ho automobiles bought on credit art; repossessed? E. 31. A. In 1829, 64 per cent of the passenger cars were sold on installment!! and 49.5 per cent of tlio commercial cars. Of the passenger cars, new cars with down payments of 33 1-3, 2.9 per cent were repossessed, commercial cars, 2.8; passenger new cars with down payment of 25 per cent, 5.1 per cent repossessed, commercial 3 per cent; passenger used cars down payment of 40 per cent, 5.3 per cent repossessed, commercial 5.4; passenger used cars down payment 35 per cent or less, 9 per cent repossessed, commercial 7.8. Persons absconding, per 1,000 transactions, passenger cars, 5.2 per cent, commercial cars, 3.0 per cent. Q. How does the number of murders committed In Chicago or New Yorlc compare with tile number In England? II. W. B. A. In 1029 there were 425 murders in New Yorlc and 401 in Chicago. In England and Wales there ivere 136 murders committed in 1928. Where is the, government school for \vcsithvr forecasters? N. W. A. The Government does not conduct u. school of meteorology anywhere, but it is interested In having those who wish to follow a meteorological career qualify for that purpose by previous study. This, however, must be carried on in the regular courses at institutions or by private study, and entrance to the weather bureau must be made by passing- certain civil service examinations. Of course, subsequent instruction and training in the particular duties for which a person is employed are grained after appointment. For general and station assignments only young men between the ages of 18 and 35 are eligible. There are special educational courses in meteorology at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass.; Clark University, Worcester, Mass.; and to some extent at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. J. 1'leaso (ell me tho difference lietwcun. one mite sc(iiaro and one square mile. G. K. T. A. A square mile and a mile square are the same in area. A mile square must always be a. square and each side must be one mile in length. On the other hand a square mile of surface may be any shape whatever so long as it contains 610 acres. The same rules apply to inches, feet, yards or any other unit of measurement. Q. What la tho disc In a tele- phono receiver culled? A. L. L A. It is called a diaphragm. Q. Is anything being done to preserve American folk-lore? A. D. A. The American Folk-lore society was founded in 1888 for the study of folk-lore in general and for the collection and preseivation of American folk-lore. It has a permanent secretary at Harvard. Q. \VIien was tho British Hag adopted? II. W. A. The Union flag- as now flown did not appear until 1801. Q. What !s the name of the sacred snalto of India? ,1. U. A. The hooded cobra. It ig said to kill between 18,000 and 20,000 annually. BO-BROADWAY lly JOSEPH VAN 11A ALT E ' M EW YORK, Feb. 19.--An old organ grinder was found dead the other day! Among- his effects was found a smalt notebook wherein were listed important facts in nis existence--a daily record of the sort of weather he encountered on his tuneful tour of the city's byways. Also he had scrawled hia daily earnings. The last day he fared forth he had taken in 20 cents The largest entry In the book was 90 cents. Twenty years ago hundreds of hurdy-gurdy men were scattered over town. Last year licenses were issued to only a dozen. Many reasons have been advanced for their passing -- the automobile -- Musso- ini's edict that no more visaa were :o be given to organ grinders, as they made Italy ridiculous. The real answer probably lies in the diary of poor old Angelo Arenti: "Monday--20 cents," ANOTHER RELIC -- Remember i. the little candy store around he corner, run by the little old ady with white hair, spectacles and a shawl--where you'd travel up and down In front of the candy-filled howcase, holding tight to your hot, noi.st nickel, and inquiring; "How many o' them fer a cent?" Jelly beans (10 for a penny), apoplectic, glistening licorice-drops three for a cent), sugar-crusted um drops, red, white, green and lack (three of these), nigger mbiea (10), two sticks of colts- oot for a cent, five white, round, lard peppermints, 10 multicolored, m o t t o - l a d e n sugar-hearts, t w o 'lickerish" shoe strings . . . . In all New York there's only one shop left where these delectable confections of childhood may . be purchased. It's located 'way downtown, on a street that runs under the elevated and is 88 years old. Back in 1842 that firm first undertook to sell what today is called "old-fashioned" candy. The business is still placidly rolling along--"tranquil as a clock ticking thru a thunder storm." · · * rOUD ROMANCE -- There's no--. v^ thing- very romantic about ; "--· civil marriage In Tammany Town. "All right. Put your money down here. Take th' stairs to th' right. Th 1 marryin' clerk will be up in a minute. Sure, you got t' pay another $2 t' get married. What d'you think, we're runnin 1 a free business? Righto!" The prospective bride, and groom, witnesses trailing, enter the chapel room in the Municipal Building, across the street from City Hall. · It's a close stuffy room containing three rubber plants, two chairs and a desk. One minute elapses. A deputy clerk enters. The lovers stand before him. He reads a number of 'do you's" from a typewritten page, pausing in the middle of a sentence to ask: "Got a ring?" A few more words are intoned. "Kiss th' bride!" barks the clerk. The groom, abashed, glances about nervously. The girl giggles. The door to the corridor is opened · by the clerk. Joe and Jane, newly wed, .slip out, to be passed by Mary and John, on their way in. Who's Who and Timely Views TARIFF NECESSARY FOR FARMER By It. W. DUNLAP Assistant Secretary of Agriculture. Ilenlck William Hiinltni W.TS tmrn at KliiBstnn, O n l n , Oct. 21, 1S72. He Is a grart- liatfi ot Ohio 8lnte u n i v e r s i t y , later t u r n i n g to f a r m i n g . Hfi was a member of the Otllo senate, then dairy nml triml rojnmls.flonej" of Ohio from 1907 to 1011. In 1I15 1m «-nx secretary of aKricnlture In Ohio, lie was appointed assistant secretary ot agriculture h- I'realrtent ConHdRe In l[*2r. l/TOST OF the present difficulty in the agricultural industry can ie attributed to conditions inside nd outside the industry, the root of the trouble being in overproduction not only of crops but of industrial commodities also. · The coal industry can produce SO per cent more coal than is consumed, the oil wells of the United S t a t e s produce nearly SO per cent more oil than can be .1 sold profitably, n. W. Dunlap the she factories can produce 150 per cent more shoes thnn are lought in this country, and the tecl, woolen, textile and automo- Jilc industries are in a similar portion. Shifts in acreage from crops of vhich the United States now pro- tices a surplus to crops for which ncreased tariff protection offers a letter market could run as high as 0.000,000 acres. The year 1030 was one of consid- rable disappointment not only to armer.i but also to those engaged n many other industries. Agricul- ture suffered because the prices for agricultural products dropped to a much greater degree than tho prices of products which farmers must buy. The long and violent turndown in prices hit producers of raw materials, and especially agricultural products, very hard. Prices of raw materials were not only the first to go down, but also dropped farthest. The general price level was slow to decline. Prices of manufactured articles and the cost of services, such as transprotation and distribution, have remained relatively high. Farmers were Immediately forced to take lower prices for what they produced, but are still paying high prices for the things and service which they must buy. Tho fixed charges, such as taxes, interest, and debt payments, remain high and burden the farmer more and more. As progressive farmers, the job immediately ahead of us is twofold; to stop uneconomic expansion to new lands; to get submarglnal land out of crop production, and, by direct positive action on the part of each farmer, to regulate the aero age in crops. In this problem of adjusting supply and demand, tariff protection is of fundamental importance. It Is a direct protection to the farmer thru its effect on. tho prices received.

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