The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 4, 1936 · Page 1
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March 4, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Wednesday, March 4, 1936
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E R MEM 5 OF I ;v. NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H O M E E D I T I O N "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COFJ ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 127 Says Byrd Is Optimist Stewart Sees Little Hope in War on Bureaus. By CHARLES P. STEWART A . S H I N G T O N (CPA) -- Senator Harry F. ' Byrd of Virginia, start, ing a congressional investiga tion to determine how much money can be saved by various consolidations of governmental adminis- strative units and the abolition of such as may be found wholly to be useless, an he certainly is optimist if really expects tu accomplish any saving. Since early in American history there hardly has been a session of congress at which lawmakers have failed to,demand curtailment in the proportions of Uncle Sam's executive establishment. And throughout this whole period Uncle Samuel's executive establishment has continued to increase its proportions--enormously. Cabinet Doubled. President Washington started with five cabinet members. Now there are 10 departments, each vastly larger than the entire original five. And there's agitation tor one or two more; education and public welfare for example. But never mind the departments. What of the extra-departmental federal commissions, offices, administrations, systems, corporations, boards, councils, committees, institutions, bureaus and authorities? There were few or none of these in pre-Civil war days. Then they began to sprout, and then to spread--all over the Washington landscape. There were 19 of them in President Taft's time. · . Multiply in War. ';'" Unflef ·'President--Wilson,- with W.orld war conditxohSj they surely · did multiply. President Coolidge inherited 53 of them. When he quit, there were 53. President Hoover considered this altogether too many, and put up quite a vigorous fight for the elimination of over-lapping agencies and of downright uselessness. Indeed, his secretary of the interior, Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, on retiring, gave it as his opinion teat his department had outlived its "raison d'etre." It had so little left to do, he said, that other departments easily could divide up and attend to its handful of remaining duties. He favored its extinction. Grows and Grows Nevertheless, President Hoover went out of office with 10 departments still doing business--and that, as previously remarked, not enough, some folk argue. As for the interior department-which Secretary Wilbur thought ought to be abandoned--why, that's one of the most active of all under Secretary Ickes; one of the most strongly manned, and one of the most expensive. True, President Hoover did pretty well toward discouraging a lengthening of the list of "independent offices and establishments," as the congressional directory describes them. It was a list which he had planned to shorten. He didn't succeed in doing that, but it lengthened in spite of him, by only seven. Increase of Twelve ? President Roosevelt, then, took over 66 of these crews of independents. Today there are 78. Some of them are governmental pewees, like the FSBC, but others, like the RFC, are as important as any \cabinet subdivision, handling billions. In short: If 10 cabinet departments are too many? How much too many are TS "in dependent offices an d establishments?''--to quote the congressional directory. Cry, But Won't Cut Senator Byrd, a Wilsonian democrat, evidently thinks that anything above 53 is an excessive figure. That was the Wilson maximum. An investigation probably can prove that 53 were excessive. But what's the use in proving it? Legislators yell about a redundancy in executive jobs, but, generally speaking, they won't vote to abolish any of them, because they want them--to get their influential constituents appointed to. They'll yowl but they won't abolish. (Maybe Senator Byrd is an excep. tion.) $19,918 Spent for Iowa Relief in 1935 WASHINGTON, (J)--A preliminary report on the cost of direct relief for 1935 showed Iowa spent a total of $19,918,313, of which 62.2 per cent came from the federal government. 11.9 per cent from the state, and 25 per cent from local sources. SOUTHERN IOWA FLOODS RISING One-Third Levy on Undivided Profits Discussed SUBCOMMITTEE OF HOUSE TAKES UP NEW TAX ACT Senate Considers Morris Proposal for Rural Electrification. WASHINGTON, UP»--A tax which would take, on the average, 331-3 per cent of profits made by corporations but not passed on promptly to stockholders was considered by congress Wednesday to meet President Roosevelt's request for an additional $620,000,000 of permanent revenue annually. First legislative licks on the tax program were put in by a house subcommittee as the senate considered the plan of Senator Norris (R., Nebr.) for a 10 year rural electrification program and minor business held the house floor. Possibilities of the 33 1-3 per cent average levy on undistributed corporate surpluses, with no portion of the surpluses to be exempt, were discussed by the subcommittee with treasury experts. Other developments: Borrowing Oversubscribed. Secretary Morgenthau said the treasury's $1,250,000,000 borrowing this week was oversubscribed from five to seven times. Gen. Malin Craig, the army's chief of staff, who recently, disciplined Maj. Gen. Johnson Hagood for criticizing work relief policies, told a house.: committee "that recent efforts to'-obtain WPA jnoney for needed army housing had failed. Before the compromise $420,000,000 rural electrification bill had ta. ken a half dozen steps on the senate floor Wednesday, Senator King (D., Utah) introduced a substitute to trim the 10 year program to $100,000,000. Engagement of special counsel to represent the senate lobby committee in a court test with Silas H. Strawn over a blanket subpoena for his law firm's telegrams was planned by Chairman Black (D., Ala.). Conferences on Friday. The cabinet invited President and Mrs. Roosevelt to a surprise dinner Wednesday night to celebrate the third anniversary of the new deal. Conferences were arranged Friday with a French air mission interested in establishment of a trans- Atlantic service. T.he treasury centralized its buying of Canadian silver. A large increase in airmail poundage during 1935 was reported. Senator Harrison of Mississippi, an administration leader, was calling on opponents of the administration to support the president's tax program, asserting it was "a complete answer to those who have been shouting about unbalanced budgets." Assault Upon Thrift. Senator Vandenberg (R., Mich.) assailed it as the "administration's final assault upon thrift." Some democrats did notMike all features of the program, which would pay a §620,000,000 annual bill for farm subsidies and the soldiers' bonus by levying on undivided profits of corporations and dividends of stockholders; Some democrats talked of making important changes in the administration program. There were suggestions that banks and insurance companies might be exempted from the tax on "undistributed profits"--a levy designed to force these profits out of corporation treasuries in the form of dividends to stockholders. The dividends then would be subject to income taxes, including surtaxes. Relief Next Issue. Besides taxes, the other major issue remaining--relief appropriations for next year--will be tossed into the lap of congress within a couple of weeks. President Roosevelt said he would forward his estimate of relief needs some time between March 10 and 19. Although the American Federation of Labor estimated that 12,600,000 persons were jobless in January, the government predicted a sizeable pickup in jobs in private enterprise, government road building and PWA projects in the spring. Hence, Relief Administrator Harry L. Hopkins announced the works progress relief rolls would be thinned by 700,000 persons in the next four months. Ice and Water Flow Across South Omaha Bridge Road Just west of the .Iowa School for the Deaf, Council Bluffs, Mosquito cceek flood waters, bearing huge chunks of ice, flow across the paved highway from highway 275 to the south Omaha bridge, making it impassable. The picture was taken looking west. The overpass over the Wabash railroad is in the background. Fences damaged by ice can be seen at the left. (Iowa Daily Press Photo) Big Paving Project. IOWA CITY, (.?)--D. W. Crum, secretary of the Iowa City Chamber of Commerce, declared work on a million dollar paving project on Highway 61 between here and Anamosa will begin this summer. FOR OIL EMBARGO League Bolsters Threat of Sanctions as It Awaits Peace Reply. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The league of nations strengthened its threat of sanctions against Italy Wednesday at Geneva while awaiting a reply from Italy and Ethiopia to the conciliation committee's plea for East African peace. The sanctions committee of IS assembled to instruct its technical committee to proceed with a drafting of a detailed plan for enforcement of an oil embargo, to have it ready in the event that the cam- paign'for conciliation failed. Whether the oil embargo plans ever would be used, league sources said, depended primarily on Premier Mussolini's answer to the league appeal for immediate opening of negotiations to end hostilities and a definite East African settlement. Protest to Ministry. The German embassy at Rome Wednesday protested to the press ministry against publication by the ofifcial Italian news agency and all Italian newspapers of reports of a supposed visit to Italy by German Foreign Minister Konstantin von N-eurath, The embassy explained it was not the German foreign minister, but his son of the same name, an at- tache at the German embassy, who was coming there, en route to his post. Diplomatic sources said, however, that the German foreign minister himself was due to come to Rome within .. few weeks. The league's appeal for peace was received by the Ethiopian government at Addis Ababa and transmitted to Emperor Haile Selassie Wednesday. The emperor is now at the front "and government officials made no comment. Expected to Agree. The Reuters correspondent in Addis Ababa reported however that it had been learned semi-officially that the emperor probably would agree to peace negotiations within the framework of the league. Such an agreement would be in reply to the league's invitation. Italy's war expenses, meanwhile, mounted into billions of lire as the campaign in sixth month. Ethiopia entered its Few fascist authorities, however, ;ave evidence of concern over the financial situation. Sweeping h a n k i n g measures. TeacKer Witness for Poison Trial B E D F O R D . (.T) -- Prosecutors Wednesday disclosed a signed statement showing Miss Ruth Slagle, school teacher boarder at the home of Mrs. Anna Johnston, will be a key witness at the trial of Mrs. Johnston and Floyd Horton for the poison murder of Horton's pretty wife. Although Miss Slagle's statement touched point by point events leading up to the night when Mrs. Horton died of poison capsules she took for a cold, the school teacher apparently did not know of illicit love admitted by the buxom brunet widow and the husky blonde farmer. Officials, who asserted Miss Slagle is not under suspicion, declined to make public the verbatim answers of Miss Slagle on two key points, but the content of her statement showed she will be asked to testify. To Ask About Rats. 1. Whether (as Mrs. Johnston's confession said) a bottle of poison and empty capsules lay on the cupboard shelf of the Johnston home, where Horton had access to them. 2. Whether there were rats about the Johnston farm and whether Miss Slagle'had ever heard Mrs. Johnston speak of poisoning rats. Mrs. Johnston said in her confession that she had purchased a bottle of poison at a Bedford drug store last December "to kill rats." Jiidge Homer A. Fuller has granted separate trials and set the trial date as March 16, but the prosecution has refused to disclose whether it will elect to try Mrs. Johnston or Horton first. Both pleaded not guilty to murder charges. Quotes Mrs. Johnston. Thus rar, signed statements of the stony faced widow, Horton, and Miss Slagle have failed to disclose whether poison pellets were substituted for two capsules containing harmless cold medicine which Horton said his wife removed from a sealed envelope and took shortly before her death. At one point, Miss Slagle's'state- ment said Mrs. Johnston asked her, five days after Mrs. Horton's death: "I wonder if Floyd (Horton) would see if the report from Iowa City came back yet. I am anxious to know the report on the contents of the bottle (.of cold medicine)." The state lexicologist at Iowa City examined Mrs. Horton's viscera and found it contained poison. Claims Horton Knew. Mrs. Johnston's statement declared emphatically that Horton THREE BEAD IN MINNESOTA FIRE Another Badly Burned When Blaze Destroys House at Tracy. TRACY, Minn., t.T 1 )--Three persons died and one was badly burned in a residence fire Wednesday. The victims were Mrs. Andrew Stahowiak, about 50; a daughter, Victoria, 30, and a SOD, Frank, 21. The only occupant of the house to escape was the father. Andrew Stahowiak, who was badly burned. The father, who is expected to recover, was burned while trying to save his family after he had jumped from a second story window. He said all were asleep upstairs when the flames awakened him. He said he ran to a window and leaped into a snowbank and then when he tried to re-enter the house he was burned. Frank Stahowiak published the Tracy Reminder, a tri-weekly pub! lication. Another son, Edward, lives in Chicago. adopted by the cabinet Tuesday, knew she had purchased poison "to were designed to give the govern- kill rats." and that she had told him ment complete control of the nation's war-time finances. Sports Shoes Stolen. WATERLOO. (UP)--Police here searched for women with suspicious looking sports shoes. A sample case containing 20 pairs of the shoes was stolen from the car of George S. Brady, a locp.l salesman. she would leave it on her cupboard shelf after he had said. "I'll get it some time." She asserted that "after he had gotten it (the poison), he t o l d ' m e he had gotten it." but Horton denied knowledge that his widow-paramour had the poison. The three statements agreed on I one pertinent detail--that Mrs. Johnston had told Mrs. Horton she would "fix her up some capsules for her cold," and that Horton had been designated to take them to his wife from the Johnston farm. The statements said the conversation between the poison victim and Mrs. Johnston took place at .the Horton home one day before the farmwife died, with Horton and Miss Slagle present. Agree on Details. The statements of Mrs. Johnston and Miss Slagle agreed on details of preparation of the capsules. Miss Slagle told how Mrs. Johnston had. difficulty in opening the cold medicine bottle, and how after the capsules were filled Miss Slagle put them in an envelope and sealed the envelope. The school teacher said she wrote directions on the outside of the envelope and signed it "Doctors Slagle and Johnston." which she said was written "just for fun." Horton's statement declared that to his knowledge the envelope was not opened after he took it from the Johnston home until his wife tore it open to take her "cold medicine." To Ask About Location. The text of Miss Slagle's statement showed she will be asked to tell whether she knew the location of the envelope from the time it was sealed until the moment Horton picked it up. When she told of the visit to the Horton home on the day before the farmwife took the capsules. Miss Slagle said that as they were leaving, Mrs. Johnston scolded Horton for allowing his wife to carry wood ' from a snow-covered pile to the farmhouse when she had a cold. The school teacher quoted Mrs. Johnston as saying: | "You hadn't "ought to let E U a j (Mrs. Horton) pack in the wood j that way." ' MAYEXTENDN.Y. BUILDING STRIKE TO OTHER CITIES Mayor Sees Quick End to Walkout, Labor Chief Less Optimistic. NEW YORK, (.T)--A threat of a nationwide strike of building service employes was added Wednesday to indications by strike leaders that the walkout of building workers in New York might be extended to other labor fields. George Scalisc, international vice president of the building service em- ployes union, announced receipt from international headquarters of the organization in Chicago the following telegram: "If necessary, and at your discretion, we will call out every building service employe in the United States." The development came shortly after Mayor LaGuardia voiced belief that the strike would be terminated Wednesday and James J. Bambrick, local head of the union, expressed a less optimistic view of the matter. Ready for Fight. "If the real estate board continues to show the same rotten arrogance, I'm going to say 'let's fight it out in the streets,' " Bambrick asserted. The telegram received by Scalise read: ... · . . . . : · . . . . ,"Your battle has electrified the country. . . . The entire resources of the International Building Service Union is behind you, both financially and morally. The executive board met in Chicago and made this decision at 2 o'clock this (Wednesday) morning; that, if necessary, and at your discretion, we will pull out every building service employe in the United States." Clash With Police. Sharp clashes between police and marching strike sympathizers were followed by the threat of the building employes' walkout extending to other fields. Bambrick in sounding the possibility of what he termed a "general strike," added that he would confer late Wednesday with leaders in other labor unions at which "we may reach a decision which will extend the strike to other fields." The clash between strikers and police came during a parade down fashionable Park avenue, which followed a mass meeting of strikers. Appeal to Police. Frightened tenants and building- superintendents appealed to police for protection and radio patrols and squadmen were rushed to threatened areas. A police barricade was thrown across the avenue in front of the building where Gov. Herbert H. Lehman has his part time residence. A strong concentration of patrolmen massed behind the barricade. As the crowd marched down the avenue, hurling stones through windows and smashing doors of skyscraper apartment buildings, police patrols assailed thorn from the flanks and succeeded in shunting small units into side streets. Parade Broken Up. When the marchers reached the barricade at Sevcniy-sixth street, repeated police charges broke up the demonstrators and drove them westward to Central park. Throughout the early morning, emergency squads patrolled the East side and "alerts" were broadcast as reports of small marauding groups came into police headquarters. Police recorded a total of 600 in- ON THE INSIDE LEW E. WALLACE Wallace Outlines War _ on Lunatic Motorists ON PAGE 16 Winter Pheasant Loss Is 60 to 75 Per Cent ON STATE PAGE Stars of Tourney on Jaysee Honor Squads ON SPORTS PAGE Milton G. Wimmer, 44, Succumbs in Hospital ON PAGE 2 Robinson Replies to Dickinson's Charges ON PAGE 3. 40,000 Cement Bags Available for Flood ON PAGE 12 Miller Confirmed as Marshal by Senate WASHINGTON, CS)--The senate confirmed the appointment of George E. Miller as United States marshal for the southern Iowa district. FORECAST IOWA: Fair Wednesday night; Thursday increasing cloudiness and rising temperatures; possibly showers in extreme west portion Thursday afternoon. MINNESOTA: Fair, not so cold in north Wednesday night; Thursday increasing cloudiness, rising temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning: Maximum Tuesday 46 Minimum in Night IS At 8 A. M. Wednesday 19 A 6 inch reduction was brought about in North Iowa's snow level Tuesday when the mercury touched the highest pnint recorded since the early stages of the winter. stances of violence and disorder and arrested 75. persons. Edward F. McGrady, assistant secretary of labor, who is representing the government in efforts to settle the strike, later was re- ported.meeting secretly with Bambrick. Richest Baby in World May Be Most Costly One LONDON, (.T--The little Count Haugwitz-Rcventlow, already known as the world's- richest baby, may also be the world's most costly baby, an authoritative source said Wednesday. His mother, the former Barbara Hutton who is now pronounced well or, the road to recovery after complications followed the birth of her first child, is likely to pay about S6.000 in doctor's fees for him, this source said--but will have an opportunity to contribute 5600,000 more to hospital charities as a thanks offering. British specialists such as Lord Horder, physician in ordinary to King Edward, and the five other specialists in the Countess' case, do not discuss actual fees. These are arranged by the family doctor who called in the specialists, one of whom said, "they are probably a good deal less than they would be in America." The all time high for medical fees is believed to have been reached by a certain Dr. Dimsdalc who was paid a fee of 10,000 pounds (about S50.000). traveling expenses of 5,000 pounds (about 525,000) and a life pension of SOO pounds (about $2,5001 a year T'.r vaccinating former Empress Catherine of Russia. HUNDREDS HAVE TQ QUIT HOMES; 2 LIVES CLAIMED Missouri Valley Hard Hit With 250 Families Moving Out. DES MOINES. ·?--Ice choked flood waters, two lives already lost in their depths, crept higher and higher Wednesday, driving scores of lowland dwellers from their homes in southern and western Iowa. The flood took its toll of life at Otturmva and Anita. At Ottumwa, Leon Hardy, 21, drowned when the current swept his boat over a dam in the DCS Moines river. Fiills Into Creek. At Anita, John Davey, 14, fell into the swollen Turkey creek while playing on a bridge. Carl Benson, 14, tried to rescue him, but barely . escaped from the turbulent stream with his own life. Missouri Valley, caught between the Boyer river and Willow creek, was hard hit. The exodus started there late Tuesday as the ice in the Boyer river jammed into a mounting dam where it flows into the Missouri, southwest of the city. The ice jam was inevitable as the Missouri river still is frozen over. Many Caught Unaware. [ The rising flood, however, caught | many families unaware and rescue work was started about midnight as the water backed into the Seaton and O'Dell additions on the south edge of Missouri Valley. Then a jam. formed in Willow creek, west of the city, flooding- willow park.: : CCC men manned boats and rowed through the darkness ' t o " scores of homes throughout the area, guided by calls for help. By Wednesday morning, 250 families had been moved out of homes in which the water had risen high enough to float first floor furniture. The refugees, brought to dry land by boats, were loaded into trucks and brought to the city hall and the American Legion headquarters. Hospilal Established. A hospital was established in a vacant house, where physicians care for those suffering sickness when removed from their homes or who became ill through exposure. About 75 families had been taken into homes of relatives or friends this morning. Relief authorities also had a problem of reassembling members of families, separated during the night. Several children, unable to find their parents, sobbed with fright, as their fathers and mothers searched anxiously among the refugees for them. Gas Supply Cut Off. The city's gas supply was cut off by the flood which mounted into the gas station. The water also was threatening to inundate an electrical substation which would cut off electrical service to Logan, Woodbine, Dunlap, Little Sioux, Mondamin and several other towns in the area. Iowa-Nebraska Light and Power company, engineers said Missouri Valley could be supplied directly from its power plant here which is not threatened by the flood. The city's water supply also was believed to be safe from contamination. None Drowned Yet. Officials in .charge of the rescue work said tfiey believed no one had been drowned yet, but were worried concerning farm families living along the river to the south. Several head of livestock were reported drowned. Traffic to Council Bluffs was cut off by the 'flood which washed over highway SO. Though the rapid rise slowed up Wednesday morning, the water still was deepening more than an inch an hour. Army Cots Sent. Adjt. Gen. Charles Grahl, in charge of Iowa's emergency flood office here, reported Wednesday he has dispatched 100 army cots and 200 blankets to Missouri Valley. He said the state health department was sending a sanitary engineer there. A nurse also will be sent there, he said, to help care for several persons who had to be taken from their homes even though they were sick with scarlet fever. | "Health authorities," he added. 1 "also must guard against colds and pneumonia among the refugees for many of them were soaked an-1 temperatures there last night were below freezing." No Use to Blast, Grahl declared there was no use trying to blast out the ice jam in the Boyer river until the ice goes I out of the Missouri river. I Red Oak, on the East Nishnabot-

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