The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 13, 1934 · Page 3
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, March 13, 1934
Page 3
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, ' T ESDAY, MARCH 13, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE *uASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A LEE SYNDICATE NEWSFATEB Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE GAZETTE COMPANY 521-123 East Stato Street Telepnon* Ho. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS - - - - Publisher W. EARL HALL - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLOXD L. GEER - Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited to this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION EATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason City and Clear Iake, ky the year 57.00 by the .week ? .13 OUTSIDE M4SO.N CITY AMD CLEAR LAKB Per year by carrier J7.00 By mall a raonthr 52.00 Per week by carrier .... 5 .15 By mill 3 months 51 Per year by mall J4.00 By mall 1 month 5.50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE ttt year JC.OO Sin months... .?3.00 Three months..$1.80 The happier the time, the quicker it passes. --PUNY THE YOUNGER N GEORGE E. ROBERTS WRITES OT long ago, the Globe-Gazette in this space presented, for informative purpose, two slants on public spending-. One was from the pen of W. C. Dewel of Algona, an able editor, and gave expression to the viewpoint that "the pump must somehow be primed in i period of depression and there is no one tut the government to do it." The other was from the pen of Robert H. Hemphill, financial writer for the Hearst newspapers, who dismissed this "pump-priming" theory as "one of the illusions which ought to be dissipated immediately" because "it is coloring our recovery plans." Perhaps it was because the name of George E Roberts, economic adviser to the National City Bank of New York, was mentioned in the editorial in question that it reached him through his clipping service One morning this week, as a consequence of that fact we received an interesting and courteous letter from Mr. Roberts. In it he develops his idea with respect to the mission of government expenditures in national recovery and in some accompanying inclosures, this is still further amplified. Before we reproduce the letter, it will add to the interest in it to know that Mr. Roberts was the early day editor of the Fort Dodge Messenger, that his mastery of the money problem and his answer to the specious doctrine preached by Bryan and Coin led to his choice by McKinley to be director of the mint from which position he went to the National City bank in New York. Now for the letter. Even though the former lowan states he is not writing for publication he will have no objections to tie reproduction here we feel sure, and readers will be pleased that we didn'i regard this as a binding injunction: "I have received by a clipping bureau a clipping of an editorial entitled 'By Credit or by Spending? from your number of Jan. 10.1 thought when I read i that I would drop a note to you at once, but the pres sure of daily demands has crowded it aside until now It interests me because I have known northwestern Iowa almost from its beginning and my acquaintanc with the Mason City Gazette dates back to the day ·svfi.en it was owned and edited by Leo Chapman am wife, Carrie Chapman. .. ... ,_.. .. ...... - . "I take exception to » part of the quotation which you make from Mr. Robert Hemphill .In your;article. agree with him that the pump-priming·· argument i fallacious, but for a different reason than .his, and : object to the first of the two closing paragraphs, which ure as follows: -" 'It the -i'anl-.irs of the nation come out of the) trance and inflate bank credit, each billion of addi tional bank credit put into circulation will mean an increase of national business of around thirty-thre thousand million dollars. " 'There Is no mystery about our recovery. Bus! ness will increase precisely as new money or credit i put Into circulation.' "The first of these paragraphs implies that recov ery is being delayed because the bankers arc unwillinj to lend credit, whereas the truth is that the excess o bank reserves is due to the fact that bank customer are not making full use of even their own workinf capital, and until they can do this they will not car to borrow. "I call your attention to the testimony of Owen D Young, before the senate committee when the new monetary bill was pending, as quoted in our Nationa City Letter for February, inclosed herewith. ·"The statement of the second paragraph, to-wl 'Business will increase precisely as new money or credi is put into circulation,' may be accepted, with th qualification that this is true under normal busines conditions, when all business is reviving naturally. Th callacy in the pump-priming argument is that mone paid out upon 'relief work upon an uneconomical basi will not stimulate private business upon uneconomica and unprofitable basis. "The disorder in industry and trade is describe and accounted for in the inclosed pamphlet entitled 'Why Trade is Unbalanced.' "Business will recover readily enough when tradin relations are right, as for example when farm product will buy as much of other products, including trans portation, as they did in 1914." The copy of a letter written by Mr. Roberts t Mr. Dewel accompanied his letter to us. Herein developed his doubts as to whether essentially un economic projects such as the proposed waterway and ij2£°f the things being done under PWA or CW. can sS^iS a stimulant to legitimate private busines Mr. Roberts' whole philosophy with regard to th powers and the limitations of government in contro ling economics seems to us to be contained in thes final paragraphs from the pamphlet, "Why Trade I Unbalanced," to which reference is made in his letter "The situation is grave enough to warrant ever; possible effort to enlist the co-operation of all th people for its control. They need to understand ths the remedy must come from themselves, and by the willingness to conform to economic conditions. Ther Is no remedy in ths hands of the government. It not possible for any plan of public or private relie cither in the way of direct gift.- or employment upo public works, to deal with a continuing decline o self-supporting industry and continuing increase of u: employment. There must be production and profi to enable anybody to either pay taxes or subscril for public loans, and neither direct relief nor employ ment upon public works can do anything to remo' the cause of existing conditions. ·"One argument offered for public relief works that they will 'prime te. pump,' or in other wore that the reaction from tijr-u will start up private i dustry. Such expenditures, while they last, of cour will aid private industry to some extent, but the will not correct unbalanced trade, and private industi trill not continue independently unless it can be mai to pay. "K the government taxes and borrows to the end of its resources, the situation then will be worse than it is now. The only possible relief is by the re-establishment of self-supporting industry, and this can be accomplished only" by restoring the exchangeability of products and services." It's pretty conclusive proof that the case against Clark is built on a flimsy foundation when the enate turns down an investigation, even though to onduct one would string out its $9.80 a day job. a · * Selling s man liquor and then punishing him for hat he does after he drinks it may prove a bit em- arrassing for Iowa after the new liquor law becomes peratlve. * » » «· Interestingly enough, the boys caught mixing money with party position and forced to make a lolce have been unanimous in placing honorarium sove honor. % * * A candidate frank enough to admit he hasn't I yielded to the urging of my friends" would be news ! ndeed. . , . ' j Hugh Johnson is the new deal's choicest example f a bark which exceeds the bite. The Star Spangled Banner really is a great song. Too bad a fellow can't sing it. V * V That Texas mother-in-law day looks like another id for the women's vote. o « « Conservatives are made by giving a radical some uthority and responsibility. Pertinent or impertinent DAILY SCRAP BOOK 1D34, Vy Central "PiMA Association. Inc.' '·THE. "IRON MAIDEN -- A-foR'fuRE. INSTRUMENT OF rtE MIDDLE AGES fAKEH FROM HE IN LOWER AUSTRIA] -- 'fwo DOORS OPEN North Iowa Editors KNCTSON ENTEES BACE Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Clarence Knutson of Clear Lake has entered the race as a candidate for the epubllcan nomination for governor of Iowa. Knutson has wide acquaintance in the state. He as served in the legislative assembly in three ses- ns He is a successful businessman. Mr Knutson is an advocate of a gross income ax system as opposed to a straight sales tax or any ther tax plan. He will make this tax plan a part f his platform. The arguments for a gross income tax are numer- us and cogent. To those who have studied taxation with some care this system has a very strong appeal. Gross income means all income. A doctor whose ncome amounted to $5,000 would pay under a gross ax at 1 per cent 550. One thousand of income would 3a This'form of tax is effective because it reaches all people. Because of its wide reach its rates can 36 very moderate and still be effective in raising a arge amount of revenue. It would not require -an xtravagant rate under a gross tax system to remove ill tax from real estate. The rate is flat and not graduated. ' The theory underlying this tax plan is complete quality. Tax every dollar and every citizen alike. ?he rate is the same to all citizens. It is assumed hat all citizens enjoy life, liberty and the pursuit of mppiness under the lows of our common country, f this be true then all should contribute to the sup- iort of the government. This lorm of taxation does not attempt to equalize people. The chief objection to this system is not economic, ts most vehement opponents are those who believt he state should use the power to tax to equalize between high and low, rich and poor, learned and unearned. Other objectors say the tax is difficult to apply and administer. This is true but the difficul- ies can be overcome. The practical question confronting Mr. Knutson this case is to "sell" the idea to the people of the state. The idea is sound and good. But in the babel of tongues which a primary develops we shall hear :he voices of politicians condemning this form of tax as a scheme of the rich to shift .their taxes to the shoulders of the poor. And with -this eh*rg«*w.i!i 'an appeal to 'vote'for a'caildidate *wno wants to sc i.e Jicn and exempt the, poor. . Can the effect of the^t appeals to the uninformed be overcome? On the spur of the moment we are inclined to say that grave doubt is justified. Four candidates for this republican gubernatorial nomination are in the field. Others may come in. There is as much uncertainty in a situation of this sort as there is about a weather prediction now for March, 1935.' . If THE OCEANS WERE D R I E D UP HE A M O U N T OF SA1-T R E M A I N I N G WOULD BE ENOUGH-to COVER. HE itofAL AREA OF THE 11.s., WITH A 1AVER. oF SALT" ONE '" MILE?-THICK VlC-fiM CM BE PLACED INSlDE- S'flJDDlNCi'fHE StEEL SPIKES WHICH PIERCED THE BOOV OF -THE PERSON SHUT OBSERVING almost believe Chicago is trying to steal Iowa's thun- _ der. In a group of oldtime pictures printed in the Chicago Herald and Examiner last week, three rather comely sisters were presented with this caption: "So Bad They're Good" and the following explanatory matter: A critic after viewing the Cherry sisters on the stage, gave them a slogan that led the three to leadership in the latter nineties. They did the classics, gave ridiculous impersonations of famous actresses, sang songs oft key, and danced. It brought them to Oscar Hammerstein and $1,000 a week salary. In one season they saved enough to buy a farm in Eldorado, 111., where they retired as gardeners." Numerous times lowans have been led to believe that the original Cherry sisters were from Cedar Rapids, that they lived there and I nowhere else. Only a short time ago the newspapers carried a story telling of their becoming inmates of the Linn county home. Can it be that there was more than one set of Cherry sisters ? And if so, which was the original set, this trio from Illinois or the Cedar Rapids Bisters. Who can answer this one? NI"HIL.L GRAVEYARD -OUTSIDE of -TlEN-fSIH , C H I N A 3-15 DIET and HEALTH Dr. (Jlendenlng cannot diagnose or glvo personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up. In order, In the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendenlng, care of Thfl Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOOAN fLENDENI-NU. M. D. ' HOW TO STOP BLEEDING i N INJURY 'followed by bleeding that does not stop immediately always should have treatment. warrants attention and In order to give intelligent treatment, diagnosis must be made. The important feature in the diagnosis is whether or not the bleeding is coming from an artery or a vein. In order to arrive at a conclusion you must know a little about the circulation of the blood. The blood leaves the heart by way of the arteries, enters the great bed of small vessels, the capillaries, and so into the tissues, and returns to the heart by way THE SITUATION HAS CHANGED Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Iowa citizens have in the past elected candidates as republicans who based their campaign largely if not wholly in criticism of members of their own party. But that was in the period of time when democrats in the state had no hope of electing anybody on their own ticket. It's different now. BIERMANN AND NAVAL BILL Waukon Democrat: The_ taxpayers of the fourth Iowa district who are opposed to the extravagant naval program authorized by congress recently and which in our mind is unwarranted, will commend Congressman Eiermann for his stand against it. THE GROSS INCOME TAX Clear Lake Reporter: Although this plan was rejected by the assembly, it has been indorsed by the people of the state at hundreds of mass meetings. Their discontent with the action of the state assembly will be registered at the next election. FOR A CONVENTION CHOICE Eldora Herald-Ledger: Why not get such an abundance of candidates in both fields (in the third district) that a primary nomination would be impossible? Certainly a convention couldn't do worse. 59 CENT DOLLARS REJECTED Osage Press: Panama has turned down Uncle Sam's check for his annual payment of a quarter million dollars, apparently not caring to accept 59 cents for the gold dollars promised. ABUSES MUST BE RESTRAINED Fen ton Reporter: Those who object to the regulation of private business by the government might as well understand that the abuses of private business have to be restrained. of the veins. BlectKsy from an ari tip". EDITOR'S MAIL BAG ia charaWcrized by the fact that the blood is ejected by successive pushes of the heart, and comes out in a forcefu' series of spurts. The larger the artery, "the less noticeable the spurting is, and in these frequently the blood comes out with a hiss. Bleeding from a vein, on the contrary, will be a steady, soaking flow. The blood loses oxygen in the tissues and takes up carbon dioxide, and in doing so 'changes in color from bright red to dark purple. Arterial blood will, therefore, be red, and venous blood purple--another point in differentiation. Tourniquet To stop bleeding from an artery com--arm ana p resg the artery between the opening and chief! 1 " the heart. In other words, if the cut is through the artery at the wrist a tourniquet, or constriction, should be thrown around the arm above the wrist. If you do not have anything to act as a tourniquet, such as a towel or a handkerchief or a necktie, and if the bleeding is very severe, before the tourniquet can be improvised, make pressure on the artery between the cut and the heart. The pressure points are: For a cut on the scalp, press on the temple; for a cut in the temple, press in front of the big muscle of the neck: for a cut on the arm, press against the middle of the upper arm; for a cut on the fingers, press at one side or the other of the wrists; for a cut in the leg, press exactly in the middle of the groin; on the lower leg, press exactly in the center of the knee behind; and toe, press exactly over the highest part of the front of the foot. To stop venous bleeding, pressure is made directly over the site of the bleeding, preferably with a Pressure Points to steril = P'ece of gauze, if you have stop bleeding. it, but with a handkerchief or a towel or the hand, if you haven't. In any cases of severe bleed:,^ probably the best thing to do first is to press down ,ight over the bleeding just as hard as you can, pressing the soft parts against the hard parts underneath. LEGISLATIVE BLINDNESS ALEXANDER, March 12.--I have noted in recent issues of the Gazette a number or comments in favor of the state highway patrol bill. By the time this bill is brought up for consideration again our state officers should begin to realize that the public really demands passage of this bill. It seems peculiar to me that our lawmakers should see fit to pass a bill regulating aeronautics and at the same time vote down a bill to regulate motor traffic. The common citizen sees much more need for regulation of automobiles to curb the Increasing number of accidents. Iowa's fine highways. are too great a temptation to speeders and reckless drivers. Besides regulating traffic an efficient patrolman renders many valuable services and is regarded by most people as a great factor in promoting better motoring conditions. Thirty-one states now have some form of a state highway patrol ana all states bordering Iowa on the north, south and east have a patrol. Cost should not be a serious objection as the low cost of a motorcycle patrol is one of its most favorable features and its proven efficiency in other states should strongly influence its passage. Its endorsement by our foremost automobile clubs should be a sufficient recommendation and the favor of the public should guarantee its adoption in the near future. I hope that our state lawmakers will in years to come be able to look back on their terms in office and point to a real accomplishment. The passage of a state highway patrol bill. Very sincerely, Kenneth Myers. EARLIER DAYS An Inlerwlinn Dally Feature Ur»wn From the aiobe-Ouetle't Flic* of the Veaw Gone By. Thirty Years Ago-J. G. Melsom has returned from a business trip to Chicago. Fred Angell of Rockwell was in the city Saturday calling on friends and attending to business. F. J. Patterson of Clear Lake was in the city Saturday and delivered a fine three year old colt to Mr. Wallace, a horse buyer. Theodore Baxter of St. Paul is in the city enroute to Mexico and Central America in the interests of the fruit business. Miss Dora Holman and Miss Ida Speckett, who is her guest, were at the Lake Saturday. Editor D. W. Norris, Jr., of the Marshalltown Times Republican, and Dr. W. B. Kibbey were in the city Friday en route to Ruthven, where they will remain for-a few weeks' duck hunting. often noted that just ahead of Good Friday, bake- sbops do a brisk business in hot cross buns. The olher day I chanced upon an interesting story about the origin of this custom. We know, of course, that our own buns are made in reverence of the Crucifixion. That is what the cross upon them signifies. But where did hot cross buns originate, and are we the first sect to eat bread so mark- id on a certain day in early spring? No. The heathen Saxons ate a cer- -aiTi kind of cake in honor of Easter heir goddess ol tne spring, and on he surface of this cake was described a Greek cross, exactly like hat marking our own buns today. This was a custom which thi. Christian, clergy found very hard to root out. Do what they could with their new converts, they found thai on certain days in the spring the ittle cakes were made and eaten with ceremony not part of the Christian ritual. At last they decid ed to incorporate the practice into the church, and for that purpose gave out to the people cakes made from the dough from which the con secrated Host had been taken, a Mass on Easter day. In this way di we take to ourselves and make par of our own ritual a custom which had been in existence since long be fore the dawn of Christianity. Curiously enough, the cross on th buns of the Saxons was exactly th he William . Bi«b»r . 9 rrji'ed -^° ' proper shape to be ch Lucian Stivers, principal of the Swaledale schools, was in the city for an over Sunday visit with his parents. F. H. Lincoln has rented four houses this week to clients. to th cunou«. .s.-uie xact that as long ag Twenty Years Ago-James and Will Somers of Rockford, HI., arrived here this morning for a few days' visit at the home of their brother. Supervisor C. E. Somers. There will be a mass meeting at the high school tomorrow night for the purpose of discussing and informing the people of Mason City on the matter of playgrounds. The E. B. Higley company has leased the retail store formerly owned by George Williams. Mrs. J. F. Kuppiuger is visiting her daughter, Marjorie, in Iowa City for the week-end. Miss Ruby Johnson arrived today from Hastings; Nebr., and has accepted a position as retoucher at the Baldwin studio on South Main street. J. R. Ross spent Sunday visiting friends at Fort Dodge. Mrs. George Gibson of Cleveland, Ohio, is here visiting her cousin, Mrs. W. O. Holman, for a few weeks. Miss Gretchen Watson returned Saturday night from a month's visit in Toronto, Can. Ten Years Ago--Mason City high school's cagers won the subdis- trict meet here last night by outscoring Hampton 20 to 8. Cookman led with 11 points. Fred Duffield, D..W. Grippen and Allan Beck were elected as members of the independent school districl school board of Mason City today. Lester Milligan, secretary of the Mason City Chamber of Commerce, will leave Friday for Des Moines where he wil! attend the midwest regional conference on community chest financing for social wprk. The city council yesterday named Karry Keeler as director of the Mason City municipal band. IOWA CITY---No decision has been reached here regarding the successor of Howard Jones as footbal coach. Knute Rockne, who was here yesterday for a conference with Iowa officials, Pat Page and Moran Eby are the outstanding candidates for the job, it is reported. ONCE OVERS By J. J. MUNDY THE GREATER KINDNESS You may be urging your aged parents to give up their home and come to live with you. So far they have resisted your requests. This fact surprises you, for you feel that it would be possible for you to provide them many more comforts than it is possible for them to enjoy in their own home. But you have not taken into consideration the most important things in the lives of elderly persons--their friends and scenes which have become dear because of association. The old home may not be pretentious but it provides the things most dear to the old folks; for each piece of furniture brings back memories they do not want to forget. Of course you and yours would be kind to them, furnish greater physical comfort perhaps, but there would be the great big something missing. If you feel that you wish them to be more comfortable, and feel they must have more care, why not have these things incorporated in their old home? They want quiet and { Don't try to team them TODAY IN HISTORY j 1600 B. C. the Egyptians ate cer emonial bread, marked in exactl the same way! In this case the cak was part of a ceremony of sacrifice and the cross was made to repre ent the horns of the bull which had cen slain. We do not know what its rigin was, in the case of the Stut- ns. "Bous," the Egyptians called heir cakes, in honor of the beast hich had been given to the god-- uid now observe: One of the cases f the word "bous" Is "boun." How ar is that from what we ask the aker for today, our modern Eng- sh word, hot cross "bun?" Assur- dly. there is little in the world hat is new. --o-am convinced that the laugh S °n that correspondent in T. Pipe's justly famous Sat- rday column who kidded Monrot chool for its failure to fly the na- onal colors on rainy as well as on lear da3-g. It may be, of course, that "Fair nd Warmer'' was merely seeking a chicle to carry his little gag, "Are iiey afraid a little rain would make the colors run?" H that be the case. I presume no ;arm is done, bsyond the possible alse impression that the flag if upposcd to be displayed in storm as well as in fair weather. Army practice has always been tc ncase the colors in rainy weather vh«n on the march and to haul them down from the staff at fort or camp when a storm is imminent. Instructions to schools are that, he flag "shall be raised on all days vhen weather suitable therefore- ihall prevail." We have had our little laugh about making th« colors run. Bui et's not get the notion that the lag is supposed to be displayed when it's raining. think it was a tribute lo the big-heartedness of local basketball followers that the four or five rowdies who sat on the front row of scat 1 ; on the southeast corner of the court were permitted to get away unmolested following the Algona-Mason City game Saturday night. The one in the center who wore glasses was particularly obnoxious. I hate to admit it but I guess afl year is open season on officials. That, I've concluded reluctantly, is e. part of what they get paid foi- Razzing the referee is distasteful to me but I concede that It isn't an offense punishable by jail or the old- fashioned lashing. But when a crowd of grown-up* busy themselves from the start or' a game at booing, bronx-cheering and hurling insulting remarks at high school players, as these roughnecks did, the case seems to me to call for contempt of the deepest dye, 1C not a good flailing. - . A.lfffs*at*~'*vs;ik ·5*^-' ^ s^t*~- :£Vii= team and a fine, square cheering section. Neither the team nor the Algona fans should be held accountable for these paralyzed intellects who, apparently, had smelled a cork and were bent on advertising it. Questions ^3i\\m How many embassies In Washing- 16 embassies and 36 ton ? W. K. There are legations--the embassies by the nations important in the foreign affairs of the United States and the legations by lesser nations. What automobile had the first 16 cylinder engine In the United States? C. B. Cadillac in 1930. Do yon offer assistance to school children with their essays and examinations? S. G. This bureau does not write essays for school children or help directly in preparation for examinations. To do so would defeat the purpose of the teachers' assignments. References are gladly furnished for essay and debate material. If you wish to books to consult for know your what school work, write to this newspaper's information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C.. including coin or stamp for reply PO Wh!t'ls meant by "Egypt U the j cioty first organized? P. G. S Montenegro and territory whiJh formerly belonged to Rumania, Bulgaria, Austria and Hungary. It represents substantially the area inhabited by the south or "yugo" Slavs. The formation of the' new kingdom became effective Dec. 29, 1918, and by a royal decree signed Oct. 3, 1929, by King Alexander, the name was officially changed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, an appellation long in popular usage. Is radium produced In Canada.' C. W. Radium ore was discovered at Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada, four years ago. The refinery of one of the Great Bear Lake mining companies which is located at Port Hope, Ontario, 13 delivering a steady output. How long has William Green been president o£ the American federation of labor? K. ". Elected in Decemuer, 1924, as » compromise candidate. He is now 61. Where was the Soldiers' Aid So- Notables Born This Date--Joseph Priestley, bon 1733, English nonconformist clergyman who dabbled in chemistry, discovered oxygen and carbon monoxide invented soda water. Though he was the greates Briton of his time, his was one of the first homes t be burnt when clergy of the Anglican church inflamed the people against dissenters, and he took refuge in U. S. * * Oswald Garrison Villard, born 1872, liberal editor.' * Jacquin L. Lait, born 1882, novelist, playwright and journalist. * * Daniel Lambert, born 1770, "fattest man in the world," at his death when he was 39, weighed 739 pounds, was 5 feet 11 inches. * * Hugo Wolf, bora 1860, musical composer of unexploited genius. 1781--Sir William Hershell, 41, looked through his telescope, saw a nebulous disc, slowly moving among the stars, supposed it to be a comet. Such a comet had never been seen before and Hershell knew he had made an astronomical discovery of the first magnitude. A few weeks' observation enabled him to identify it as a planet, eight times as large as earth and seventh major planet in order of distance from sun. He called it Georgium Sidus, in honor of his king. But astronomers of other countries did not like the gift of the Nile?" D. C, The idea implied ia that fertility and productivity of the country is due to the annual overflow of the Nile. Where Is the next congress of Parents and Teachers to be held? L.B. Des Moines, Iowa; May 13-19, 1934. Tell of seven airplane carriers to be constructed for the United States coast guard? W. W. The seven new coast guard cutters have been authorized to be built at navy yards as follows: Two cutters at the navy yard at New York, N. Y., four cutters at the navy yard at Philadelphia, Pa., one cutter at the navy yard at Charleston, S. Car. These vessels will be approximately 327 feet long, 2,000 tons displacement, and will cost approx- ! imately $l,6i5,714. each. Each vessel will carry one airplane placed amidships, with a drop mangar. The peace-time armament will consist of two o inch 51 caliber guns. Each vessel will have 12 commissioned officers, 5 warrant officers, and 112 enlisted men. Who was the captain of the May- In Bridgeport, Conn., at a mass meeting of women called by thf mayor, April 14, 1S61. Similar societies wore formed in other cities and states, and on April 25, 1863, the Women's Central Relief association was founded in New York City. They want quiet and peace and old associations, i idea of using the name of the ruler of a little empire i nowcr otl its }1rst tri p ± a America? i away from them. ' lying a million miles away from their new planet, g _ c _ Scriptural Thought--He that winketh with the eye causeth sorrow: but a prating fool shall fall.-Proverbs 10:10. i titled it Uranus, after the Grecian god. . . . | 1928--With a crack of doom, the St. Francis water | supply dam, 40 miles north of Los Angeles, burst and dashed a flood upon a peaceful valley in which 700 homes were swept away, 450 parsons drowned. Thomas Jones. What nations united lor Yugoslavia? L. A. At the end of the World -.var from the former kingdoms of Serbia and AUNT MET By Robert Quillen "It's Bill's f a u l t . You ircut youngims l i k e limy vas the most important i'nin.e: on the premise? ;imt they *oo?i get to bulicvin' i t .

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