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THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1933 MASON CITY GLOBE-GA/ETTU MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE CEE SYNUtCATK NEWSPAFEA Issued Every Ween Day by thÂ» MASON CITV GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Elite Street Telephone No. 2SM LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER - - Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated .Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RAXES Uaaon City and Clear Lake, tinjon city and Clear Lake by thÂ» year ............ 57.00 by tut wees ............. Â» .15 OUTSIDE MASO.N C1TT AND CUSAS LAJU5 L'ti sea by carrier .... Â»7.(W By man G monua ...... 52.01) .IB By mall 3 months ...... Sl.OU $ .50 Per week bj carrier . Per year by trod] ...... 14.00 By mall l month ~ OUTSIDE 100 MTT.Ti ZOVB t'er year ...... 88.00 8n Tjonuia ...33.00 Tfcrw montha. .s Poets utter great and wise things which they do not themselves understand.--PLAXO BUREAUCRAT'S DREAM comes the federal department of agriculture with a startling story of the breakdown of the federal food and drug act of 1906 under this complex civilization of 1933 and with a new law to take its place if it can make congress see eye to eye with the department's Professor Tugwell. Strange that the millions who have been consuming foods and drugs since 1906 have not heard before this of the failure of the 17 year old statute. If the government and public prosecutors have been keeping from the people something so vitally affecting their welfare and safety, it amounts to a public scandal. But it is manifest that there could be no widespread violation of this law without the act becoming generally known. Has the department of agriculture forgotten that ever since the act of 1906 was first proposed it has been ballyhooed by the department as not only most efficacious but the best piece of legislation of its kind ? Now the department would have the consumers of foods and drugs, which includes everyone, believe that the law is full of loopholes. Let not congress nor the people think they can ever catch up with the bureaucrat's insatiable appetite for power and jurisdiction. There never was a statute which came within a mile of its administrator's idea of the authority it should bestow upon him. Although Professor Tugwell's pet bill makes the secretary of agriculture a virtual dictator with absolute power over the manufacture, packing, grading and marketing of foods, drugs and cosmetics and seems like regulation gone mad, it falls short of what the bureaucrats in the department of agriculture think it ought to be. If passed, it will not halt their efforts to put more teeth in-it. W PUR.QW DOMINATION J^AY. newspaper readers should know that at this seasori of the year, all of the journalistic experts are picking the "ten best stories of the year." Unfortunately, most of the selections are already made, and a new announcement will not be given an opportunity to vie with the Roosevelt recovery program for first honors. This noble gem of news is an unadorned statement from the University of Minnesota that a really scientific treatment for head colds has bec-n discovered. And we hereby nominate Dr. Harold S. Diehl, the discoverer, for immortal fame alongside of Pasteur, Ehrlich, et al. - Earthquakes astound us, wars appall us (at least afterwards), but not enough attention has been paid the miserable common head cold No mortal can proudly square his shoulders and lace the world with a conquering grin when this dread ailment strikes him. The most gentle of souls become grouchy under its paralyzing spell and work, if you have any, is impossible. The treatment was evolved in an effort to stop the great loss of attendance at classes at the University of Minnesota during cold epidemics. And the treatment must have been a success, because the students are not recorded the privile 2 e of cutting a Actually, the medicine enabled the average cold-stricken student to return to class a half day after .becoming ill, instead of the day and half required with other drugs. i The university should be forever financially =ure as a result, because it has patented the i and those who commercialize the treatment will have to pay. Who wouldn't? A DISCORDANT NOTE QNE discordant note in the country's economic _ structure in these recovery days is reflected in a report recently issued on strike losses since the new deal" got under way. It reveals the Highest loss of man-days since 1927. Official figures of the department of labor show an in- ""Â£2| e Â°t ma *- da / loss from 135,039 in April to Â·j,s^o,8do in September. And the unhappy feature of the situation is that each succeeding month has brought sharp upward swing. In 1929 the total loss of I Tla o n r^ y ^l r m m industrial dis Putes amounted to 9,975,213. The September rate was four times as great as the 1929 average rate. Somewhere along the line something has gone haywire, to use a picturesque even though slangy expression. When the need is for solid front against disintegrating forces and the help of everybody on the uphill pull, it isn't encouraging to encounter a bickering in the ranks such as is reflected in this record of industria disputes. m Â· Â· . It's a fact not to be missed that the 19 Americans listed by Prof. Irving Fisher a: really understanding the money question" al agree with him in his views on the subject. It isn't hard to be a great man. You just find something that can't be done and go aheac and do it. A Campus Estimate of Dn W* A* Jessup By FRED POWNALL University Editor University of Iowa Neivs Bulletin: As this edition of. the News Bulletin goes to press, the university is stunned by a feeling of overwhelming loss with the announcement that President Walter A. Jessup has )een elected to the presidency of the Carnegie Foun- latlon for the Advancement of Teaching. He will leave May 1 to assume his new duties. Newspapers throughout tile country have already Lold the story in, full . . . the great honor . . . the rreat opportunity . . . the extremely high qualifica- .iona which limit tha field of selection to two or three outstanding American educators . . . the vast resources of the Foundation . . . its universal acceptance as the pinnacle of forward-looking leadership In education. What can we say within the circles of our own university family? From Old Capitol we look out into the -winter sunset. There lies the great West campus, with the hospital tower silhoueted against the winter clouds and the glowing- western sky. Around it stretch 'n wide dimensions the five buildings in the medical irroup. To the left are other university structures equally Imposing; In size and beauty. And new . . . ill new . . . since Mr. Jessup became president in 1916. The East campus has grown proportionately in that Jeriod. Witness the Union, on the banks of the liver, and the block-long chemistry-pharmacy-botany building- just up the hill. Yet these are things which any visitor can see--see and admire. What shall we say within the family? Monumental buildings, abundant physical facilities, do not in themselves make a great university. Extension of the Iowa campus was significant only insofar as it marked the development of a great educational program. From the beginning of his long--but all too short--administration at Iowa, President Jessup's primary interest has been in personnel. He has thought continuously in terms of human achievement. His greatest joy has come from new and significant triumphs of faculty members, students and alumni. It Is for this that he has lived as president of the university, and he has been richly rewarded. How much credit reflects hack upon him, for the success of oth- ars, we need not attempt to measure. We all know Lhat his power to inspire Is not the mere emotional challenge of contact with a vigorous personality. It is much more than that. It is a driving force. This drive in pursuit of accomplishment has touched every member of the faculty and it is thoroughly understood ind appreciated by all of us. Breadth of vision has been at the helm, and with it a boundless energy which compelled progress. Thus the Buildings become symbols. A physical plant which was valued at 58,000,000 in 191S has grown during President Jessup's administration to a valuation of 519,000,000. Human values put life into these figures. For example, see the increase in the number of students from 3,523 to 10,000 in that same period. Even these are mere figures and they assume importance only in terms of achievements in the university and after graduation. Emphasis of persons rather than oÂ£ things has characterized the march of the university to a place of equality with the best In the land. One never hears President Jessup talk about the university without some reference to its distinguished teacher-founders. He would be the last man in the world to claim that the real beginnings were in 191B. He thinks of the university as it is today, both physically ana spiritually, as an approach to the realization of the dreams of Its founders. To illustrate the principle of persons above things it is enough to recall that the gift of 52,250,000 from the Rockefeller foundation and general education board,"to be applied on the cost'of the new medical buildiags, was made primarily in recognition of tho high, standing: of the Iowa medical faculty, coupled with complete confidence in President Jessup and members of the Iowa state board of education. Achievement in medicine came first. The buildings followed. Then more achievement. Through all the uni- sity's colleges and departments It is the same'story. Child welfare and fine arts are other units which have received large gifts from out-of-state educational foundations. All have come in recognition of Iowa's demonstrated capacity for leadership. All stand to the credit of the vision and the drive in President Jesaup's administration. It Is sometimes said that an executive is successful to the extent that he gets his subordinates to do all the work. Rare indeed, and sought above all others in high places, is the executive who is the master of broad programs and policies and at the same time can carry in his mind and in the routine of his office all the significant details of every division of the enterprise which he directs. To a perfectly amazing extent, President Jessup is such an executive. He knows profoundly and intimately all the material facts concerning tho work of every educational department, every service department. Once In possession of the Information which he wants, he retains It completely. The state has profited In a thousand ways from the combination of his keen educational insight with positive business genius. President Jessup's knowledge of such details is not limited to the Iowa campus. Ask him about any university or college of any importance. He knows the setup of each; knows its field of activity and its history; knows a great deal about its personnel. Ask him about any field of research. He knows what is going on in the laboratories of the great industries as well as the laboratories of the universities and colleges. Alumni and students who have been around Old Capitol in the last 18 years need not be told of the president's great capacity for remembering not merely their names but the intimate facts concerning their Interests and their ambitions. Thousands of alumni have been surprised and delighted to find how the president's interest in them and his knowledge of theii progress has followed them after graduation. The faculty relationship is all that could be expected from such an executive--all and more. Both Mr. and Mrs. Jessup are the friends of every member of the faculty. Their interest and friendship extends to the families of all the faculty members. Their enthusiasm, their warm greetings, and their bracing sympathy have endeared them to every faculty family. One of the many high spots in President Jcssup'a service to Iowa has been his attitude toward the economic depression of recent years. At times when others might be inclined to slacken their efforts in the light of circumstances, he has approached hia work with increased driving power. He spent long- hours, days and weeks, studying the problems oÂ£ the students during these times of stress. They are real pioneers, he said, they are not seeking- help but we must help them and encourage them in every way that we can. Readers of the News Bulletin are well acquainted with what the university has done along- this line. And now near the close of this academic year, President Jessup goes to the presidency of the Carnegie foundation for the advancement of teaching, to give to the national field and to Canada the great talent and the great energy which he has given to Iowa. Our university is proud beyond measure in recognizing the honor that has come to its president. It is a source of great satisfaction to us all here on the campus that his concluding- year is so typical of his entire administration. The morale on the campus never has been on a higher plane than it has been this fall. First semester registration brought a substantial increase in campus enrollment. The zeal of students is at a high pitch. It is a year of splendid academic achievement. Campus expansion, looking toward additional goals in education, has been resumed. The dream of suitable and adequate buildings for the school of fine arts is soon to be realized. Excavation for the studio colony is in progress. Soon con.itmction will be started. Iowa's contribution to education in the fine arts will be second to none. Thus the university moves forward as one bright era near its close. DAILY SCRAP BOOK .\1_MOST 4,OOO PEOPLE IN --THE. UNi-fko loo VEA.R.S OLD OR MORE. OAJLV MA.1L. OF 3,800 LEtTERS---THE DAY AFTER FAMOUS $PE.EÂ£H oH NATIONAL HE PO$-fMAN CARRIED 12.O,OOO PIECES OF-MAIL-To WHItE. H O U S E IS MADE GUI' OF CACTUS Copyright, 1933, by Central Yress Association, 1 DIET and HEALTH Dr. Cictide/jlng cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. Wea questions aro or general intercBt, ciuwever. they will he taKen up. In order. In tlic dally columu. Address your queries to IT. Logan Ctendenlng, caro or The Globe-Carettc. Write legibly and cot more thfta L'OO words. Dx L.OOAN CLENDENINO. SI. TAKE CARE IP YOU DYE LASHES A GREAT many women who dye their eyelashes report that the dye makes tho eyes itch for a while. Far more severe results, however, can result. For instance, a woman, aged 38, visited a beauty parlor where her eyebrows and eyelashes were touched up. Soap, dye and other applications were used. Her eyes smarted and pained severely on her way home. Within two hours the lids were completely swollen shut, and she was unable to open them. The eyes became very red, accompanied by profuse tear formation and sensitiveness to light. The skin of her face and brow were greatly irritated. The condition became so bad that she was compelled to call a physician, who saw her the next morning and found besides a swelling: of the entire face, with an eruption on the forehead, that there was an ulcer of the eyeball. A few days later profuse discharge resulted. J3r. Clondeninrj With the help of a shin specialist and an eye specialist and operations which included cauterization of the ulcers on the eye and two operations on the eye, she was reasonably well about a month after the treatment at the beauty parlor. Her vision, however, is so bad that she is considering using the Braille system. This is the most severe illness known to me from the practice of dyeing eyelashes, but there are many casss in which either an inflammation of the shin of the eyelids and forehead occurred, or inflammation of. the eyeball with a pussy and mucous secretion, and slight ulceration of the eyeball. Of course, it must be understood that the results do not occur with all the eyelash dyes used. Apparently these results follow the use of a dye frequently used in hair dyes, known as paraphenylendiamine. This substance, when used in black hair dye, causes no more than an irritation of the skin of the forehead, but the eyes are far more sensitive than the skin of the scalp, and the damage is correspondingly greater. Personally, I .see very few dyed eyelashes that seem to me sufficiently beautiful to justify the risk of partial loss of the eyesight. At any rate, beauty parlor operators should become thoroughly assured before they recommend an eyelash dye, that it does not contain the poisonous ingredient mentioned above. QUESTIONS PROM READERS S, B.: "Can you explain to me why, if Epsom salts is taken in a solution through the blood it Is poisonous, and it is not poisonous when taken inwardly?" Answer: Epsom salts is not necessarily poisonous when taken in a solution in the blood, except when there is too strong a solution or in an excessive amount. ONCE OVERS THEY GROW UP, YOU KNOW Too often parents forget that their adult children have grown up. They pay no more attention to their ideas and desires than they did in the early teen age. Having lived longer, the parents want to impress the idea, that their judgment is better and their opinions more nearly correct than the children's could be. Experience is a great teacher and years shoulc add to soundness of judgment; nnd there is a degree of respect due parents, of course. But parents expect too much when they seek to control the thoughts and establish the opinions of the younger generation. Developments in recent years have changed things so much that it becomes necessary for older people to revise their ideas and modernize their thoughts and themselves. The basic principles of right and wrong, good and bad are the same. But methods of business, lines of attack, social and financial, are entirely different, and often not approved by the older generation. There should be no temporizing with principles to be preserved. But great changes have taken place, and there may be a better way to attain the desired result; the young clearer head may very well lead. (Copyright, 1033. King FeÂ»tiireÂ« Syntllcjite, Inc.) Scriptural Thought--Let Thy mercies come also unto me, O Lord, even Thy salvation, according to Thy word.--P.mlm 319:41. EARLIER DAYS Uelnc a nally Compilation of Interesting Hems from tho "TtD, Twenty and Thirty Vcnrn AKO" I'llcs of tho Olobe-Oaiette. DEC. 38, 1008 Mr. and Mrs. V. A. Keating have returned from a visit with Mrs. Keating's parents in Minneapolis. Mr. and Mrs. George Deertz have returned from a Christmas visit with friends and relatives at Winona, Minn. Misa Anna Wne McConlogue returned today from a visit with relatives at Rockwell. Miss Florence Yelland returned today from Sheffield, where she lias been visiting friends. Charles Barber of the Mann store leaves today foi Waterloo, where he will attend to business matters for a few days. CHICAGO, III.--Of the 1,300 persons irt the Iroquois theater at the matinee yesterday, up to noon 622 bodies had been taken from the theater, 300 had been reported injured and 50 persons were missing as a result oÂ£ the disastrous fire. Peter Eby and family left this morning for Call fornla wuere they will spend, the winter months. DEC, 28, 1013 FrankJia Zimmerman of Still college, Des Jfofnes is spending his vacation at the G. A. Zimmerman horn' on Ada street. James E. O'Lcary leaves the first of January for New iork where he has been promoted to a highe 1 office of the Des lloines Bridge and Iron company. Mr. nnd Mrs. Henry Cox of Omaha, Nebr., arc spending the holidays with Mrs. Cox's parents. Mi and Mrs. P. A. Snow, nt the Cecil notcl. Mr. Cox 1 the director of the Oraaha Symphony orchestra a also is a talented violinist. Ralph Case of Green Bay, Wis.. is in the city fo a few days visiting: friends. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Craft and baby of Tulsa Okla., nre visiting relatives in the city. Lyndon Harper, Chicago, a member of the Oa.h Park track team, is the guest of the Dr. L. E. New comer home on North Michigan avenue. A new record for big killing in Mason City wa set at Deckers' packing plant yesterday when 3,70 porkers were killed. DEC. 28, 1923 Mr. and Mrs. George Strecter spent Christmas in Charles City with-relatives. Prom their they will g to Miami, Fla., for their annual sojourn. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph S. Stanbery, 913 Delawar avenue northeast, spent Christmas with relatives In Bclmond. Miles Cantrell, a senior medic at Iowa City, lef Tuesday evening for Topeka, KBDK., where he wi spend the remainder of his vacation with his father Mr. Cantrell has been a guest since Thursday at th home of his sister, Mrs. M. O. Crawford, 123 Flftt street northwest. Fred Ontjes has returned from Waverly wher he visited the past few days. Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Sandberg of Iowa Falls wet- guests at the home of Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Whipple 1033 Second street northwest. TODAY IN HISTORY J1EC. 28 Notables Born This DatÂ«--Thomas Woodrow Wil son, born 1856, twenty-eighth president. * Â· Henrj George Stephan Adolph de Blowitz, born 1825 Jn Bo hernia. He became the most famous foreign news cor respondent of his time with a power great as an diplomat. Morn than once his Paris dispatches to th London Times caused ministries to fall. He Invente the interview. * * St. John (Sin-jon) Ervine, bom 1883 Irish critic and di-aroatist--John Ferguson, etc. Lev/ Ayres, photoplay actor. 1507--America was named. (Year certain; dat approximate). Martin Waldeemullcr, aged 37, Germar born professor of geography in a French university published Cosmographie Introductio, in which he sta' ed, on the basis of erroneous information, "And th fourth part of the world having been discovered b Americus (Vespucci), it may be called Amcrige; tha is, the land of Americus or America." * Â· Â· 1"S7--"Construction" of the Mason and Dixon wa completed. It was a boundary line between territorie of the Lords Baltimore and the William Pcnn famil surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, Eng lishmen, between Nov. 15, 1763 and this date, to settl a controversy that had raged 80 years. 1783--First balloon ascension in America, at Phila delphia, David Rittenhouse nnd Francis Hopkinso constructed one of the first (if not the first) gas in flatcd balloons, consisting- of 47 small hydrogen enve lopes attached to a car, induced one James Wilcox carpenter, to get in it for a small sum of money, cu the anchor ropes. When it had gone up 10 minute Wilcox let himself clown by puncturing the gas cham bers one by one. 1R1G--Iowa (sleepy ones) became the twcnty-nint state. J90S--77,283 were killed in a 40 second carthqu.ikt in Sicily and Calabria OBSERVING can't remember another | Christmas that brought to my attention such a choice arvest of greeting cards as tlie ne just passed. The one with the est chuckle in It came from a news- apcr Mend at St. Cloud, Minn., eorge Everett McCadden. It bore is "mug" and the accompanying eading matter lias to do with his olice record: "Crime, kibitzing; omplexlon, democratic; marks, cal- ous oa right elbow; education, two ears walking around asking ques- ions." And ending: "Desperate c h a r a c tev--once topped on a. small boy's chocolate oldier. Said to be optimist, pessimist, opportunists, militarist, paci- "st and what not, but still believes l greeting -friends at Chrintmns. hould be apprehended if caught ne- lecting to wish friends a Happy Â·Jew Year." Another newspaper friend, Fred chneller of Milwaukee, gave as- urance in his cleverly illustrated ard: "I signed the code for your cry Merry Christmas and Happy ew Year." Tile Les Moellers of Waverly used picture of their adorable young aughter ns the motif of their clever ard. An amusing compendium of Irrel- vant dates--under heading of Datesmania," leads finally to the in- ormatioii that Don Datisman, R ormc-r Globe-Gazette reporter, was narried on Sept, 27 at Gary, Ind., vhere he is employed as a news cx- cutlve. The Bill Harts of Iowa City sub- nit their Christmas greetings in the weighty legal phraseology of a :ourt petition. The Prof. F. L,. Motts of Iowa City :lolhe theirs in new deal initials, as ollows: Â·Our chrtatnma poet vie\va with consternation Too modem trend to curt abbreviation; Vlth NRA'H and GCC'a and AAA.'a We lose our wits. If tiny. In the rnnzn lid yet. dear friends, we lain would 'do our part' To fihow wo liava our country's good at heart, Viul Bo ive wish a VMC to TJ! And an I1NY. \Ve du, Indeed we do!" But I couldn't possibly tell about alt the cards that deserve citation. I can do no more than mention a "ew senders of greetings which are distinguished by beauty, originality or some other quality: The James E. Blythes; the O. A. Thompsons ot Dallas Center; Dante tf. Pierce, DCS Moines; Edith Marken, Columbia, Mo.; the R. A. Kue- vers, Iowa City; the Clarence Woods Sheffield; the C. St. Updegratfs, [own. City; Joel Hirsch, Now York; Uiss Adda Muse, Rock Island; C 3. Hobbius, Cedar Rapids; Arthur Pickford; the Fred Biermanns Decorah; R. C. Patrick; the Ralph Crams, Davenport; Frank Burgess La Crosse, VV!s.; the W. A. Jessups own City; the Harry Cashes, Phila ippine Islands. The Leo Dusters and the Maurice 'anil!.*, Cedar Rapids; M. T. Gratan, Fort Madison; the John Huxi ons of Ottumwa; the Robert Johnstons of Wilmette, 111.; Barbara Wilier Benson, New York; the John Hammills, Britt; Mrs. N. A. Hall, Chicago; Gwendolyn Wlggin MoÂ« Lowell, Indianapolis; Ed Hayes, Bloomington, 111.; Louis Johnson, Clarksburg-, W. Va.; George L. j. Berry, Pressmen's Home, Tcnn.J he Roy Maynes oÂ£ Duluth; the Li, r. Dickinsons, \Vashiugton. Winnifred Niggemeyer, Ft. Madison, and Myrloii Skelley, DCS Moines; F. J. Hanlon; George Hinshaw, Carroll; the Ray Ellingtons, Ft. Wayne, Ind.; the Conger Reyn" olds, Chicago; the Guy Crosens;, he Floyd Frasers; the Ed Loiters, [owa City; the Frost Pattcrsona, Fontanelle; Anna Jarvia; Misa Helen Buckler, New York; tho Basil Walters of DCS Moines; Don Farrao, Hampton; Hanford MacNlder; Sidi ncy J. Williams, Chicago, and thffl R. \V. Baumgartners. Tlien there were four personal reelings I shall treasure even more .ban the cards. One was from . R. Boyd of Cedar Rapids. A second was from F. A. Moscrip of tho ViarshalUown Times-Republican, a. .bird was from John W. Carey oK Sioux City Journal and a fourth from Wesley Henlcc of Charles City. --o-bear of one stunt In motoring that appears to have developed a real scientific value. A noted race pilot in the east had thfi body of H. car reversed on Its chassis so that his forward motion was had by driving in reverse. Lights were set on the rear bumpeT? and the back window of the car waa extended to give him satisfactory visibility. The practical finding- was a 20 per cent saving on fuel. And it all results from the fact that the reversed position of the body on, tha chassis gave an approach to tho tapering architecture--blunt in front and streamlined to the rear-that has been found in aeronautics! to provide a minimum of air resist" ance. Except for the fact that automobiles of this design would play hob with the parking problem, I suspect that cars with pronounced tails) would be with us long before this. We're certainly moving in that direction. --o--. recommend without rescrva-* tion the counsel contained in the following verso made available by L. M.: When I am driving on tho street lvherÂ« JHttc folks I'm apt to meet, * Who daah across tho Blreet In play, I liopo I'll drivo In Just the way ' That I would drlvo 1C mine .were thÂ»r, Upon (lie cromled thoroughfare. ^ EXl'KBTS WlI,Ij SERVE YOU Thousands or Rnvurnmcnt experts work :nnstanlly tor the benefit o[ all U. F. citizens. They will Vr'ork directly /or i-ou Lf you uEe our WastilnRton bureau. TlilM newspaper employs Mr. Huahln to act 19 nn n w n t ror Its readers. Ho win'tain: your matter to (he proper authority. State Inquiry brletly, \vrlto clearly, nrul Inclose 3 cent stamp for a personal let. ter In reply. I3o not use postcards. Atl- Iress the Ulobe-Gnzette Intormatlon bureau, Frederic J. HaskCn., director, Wash- inRton, D. C. Docs Colorado produce both wild nnd tame hay? B. O. Hay is produced in both the tame and the wild state. The production of both for Colorado in 1832 was: Tame hay, 1,830,000 short tons; wild hay, 329,000 short tons. Tame hay includes alfalfa, clover, timothy, sweet clover, lespedcza, grains cut green, annual legumes and various grasses. Wild hay consists of those among these plants which grow wild naturally in the "United States. \V1ien was tho first act or congress to give Revolutionary soldiers n pension? J. BI. The first such pensions were granted by separate states. In 1789 congress p'assed the first federal pension act. By its terms, the federal government assumed payment of the war pensions the states had initiated. Revolutionary war pensions amounted to 570,000,000, including widows' pensions. In all subsequent wars, tiie federal government granted pensions. When ivns the first census taken In which names ot f;ithcr, niother and children were given ? M. U. In the census of 1850, the name of the head of the family, the mother, and the names of children were given for the first time. Previous census reports gave the name of the head of the family, number of children and whether over 16 yearn of age. Did Phillips tonl take li!Â« family with him on his cruise around tlic world? Ij. M. No. How many forms did the Egyptian sphinx have? N. K. A human-headed lion, a ram- headed lion, and a hawk-headeci lion. Later, the Phoenicians and Greeks Imported the sphinx from Egypt nnd reproductcd it in various shapes and forms of all sizes and of different materials. These found their way back to Egypt hut In different form. Who discovered nitrogen could 1m token from the air for commercial fertilizer? A. It. In ordinary circumstances nitrogen Is somewhat inert, but Henry Cavendish discovered in 1785 that unites with oxygen when electric sparks are passed through a mixture of the gases, and W. F. Donkiu. later obtained ammonia by the action oC a silent electric discharge on a mixture oC nitrogen and hydrogen. In 1S28 Desfosses found that a cyanide was produced when nitrogen was passed over a heated mixture of carbon and alkaline carbonate. Finally fixation of nitrogen waa made possible by the discovery of Margueritto and Sotirdevnl iit 18GO that barium cyanide Is formed by passing nitrogen over a heated mixture of carbon and baryta, which compound gives ammonia on heat? strongly in steam. When iIocK sugar syrup cryHtuI-i Hzc? G. K. A. granulated sugar syrup will crystallize if the proportion of sugar i.s greater than about US per cent of the weight of the syrup, i. e.. 1C there Is more than about 05 per cent by weight oÂ£ sugar to 35 ports of water. What pei-centURo of tliu r.liliarm; who get into trouble with, tho law come from homes wherein one parent is missing? It. M. I,,ewi9 E. Lawes aays It bos been estimated that 25 per cent of all children in U. S. live in broken homes, broken by death, de.sertlon, separation or divorce. But studies of various delinquent groups sho\v that from -JO to 70 per cent. com.-, from broken homes. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "Pa blames me for makin' him start cussin' again, but he knew better than to squirm around when I was so win' up .1 rip."