The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 28, 1933 · Page 1
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, December 28, 1933
Page 1
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North Iowa's DAILY PAPER Edited for the Home ---«···· H A R L O N E R M £ M j OF ft Mo i N r, s i "THE NEWSPAPER THAT SIAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N i VOL. XL FIVE CENTS A COPX ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED VVIKB SERVICE) MASON CITY, IQ.WA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 69 Code Would Be Disliked Shipping Interests Abroad Look With Disfavor. By HERBERT PLUMMER - A S H I N G T O N , Dec. 28. UP)--Although no formal protest has been registered w i t h the state department, there are ample indications that f o r e i g n shipping interests look w i t h anything but favor on the proposed N R A code for t h e A m e r i c a n shipping industry. T h e proposed code is in the conference stage. D i f f e rences of Japinion brought to light in public Shearings are being threshed out be|hind closed doors. One phase of the code subjected I to much criticism is a part of sec- Jtion 3. It provides: "This code shall apply to all own[ ers, operators and agents of all ves- [ sols of all flags engaged in foreign and domestic commerce." This provision has caused much alarm among foreign shipping interests. The Baltic and International Maritime conference, representing more ship owners than any other info ternational organization, is particularly agitated. Modifications Asked. The organization has issued a special .circular against the code in v"hich the view is taken that the situation presents a grave clanger to international shipping interests. The argument is advanced that owners of liners and tramps alike should insist that no country attempt to control other than its own shipping except by international opinion. The private opinion is expressed at NRA headquarters that the final draft of the code cither will not contain section 3 or else it will be COLD SHOWS SICNS OF BREAKING House to Vote on County Farm Board Measure BILL IS PLACED UPON CALENDAR; CONTEST BITTER Pass Act to Pave Way for Loan to State From RFC. STORY ON PAGE 0. DES MOINES, Dec. 28. (/Pi-The state senate passed 3G to a today the Schmidt bill prohibiting walkathons or similar contests. Dance muruthons, walkathons, skntathons, etc., ttro prohibited. The mejisure does not apply to athletic contests sponsored by schools. DES MOINES, Dec. 28. GT)--The J'r.lone-Moore of Harrison bill creating- county agricultural boards and eliminating aid to county Farm Bureau was placed on the house calendar today after a bitter fight in which an attempt was made to send it to the agricultural committee. The question of aid to Farm Bureaus has been one of the most controversial subjects before the legislature in the past several sessions. The lower branch also passed without a dissenting vote the house banks committee bill paving the way for the state treasurer to obtain a $20,000,000 loan .from the RFC for the state sinking fund. The measure provides that claims against the staking fund be assigned the treas- i urer Sfjgaspstt^iia-S^^-.s: 5 While non-American liner owners anticipate" the administration of the code to be fair, it is pointed out in the same circular, "It is not conceivable that there will be room within the proposed code for non- American tramp owners. "On the contrary, there is every justification for believing the code will have the effect of eliminating all foreign tramp shipping- in Amer- SIGHT THIS LAD'S HOLIDAY GIFT trade." Important Telephone. What is probably the most important direct telephone line in Washington--certainly from Jan. 3 until congress adjourns--has been given a final test and found ship- hape. It ig the line running- from the office of the secretary of the senate ist off the senate floor to the pri ·ate office of President Roosevelt : the white house. That telephone line played an im- Jrtant part in the special session congress. It will do the same in e coming session. It is pdssibie for democratic leads of the senate to communicate stantly with the president when- ·er they find it necessary to do .so. phone is so close to the senate at the president can be advised stantly of what is going on on e floor. Senate Votes Probe. ..The various political subdivisions then would be reimbursed from the of their as- 0 Stolen Bicycles Recovered by Police CEDAR RAPIDS, Dec. 28. l!B-- Illowing the arrest of three hoys Id a man here, 80 stolen bicycles, Jst of them dismantled, were revered by police. Police alleged Lse arrested are members of a f:ft ring: operating- here several mths. Poultrymen in Session. DES MOINES, Dec. 28. (/P) An citation to hold next year's state ultry show here was carried to [ibuque where the poultry assem- 1s in session. IOWA WEATHER Unsettled Thursday night; |«ccasional snow Friday with I'llowly rising temperatures. JWarmer Thursday nfght m Jnorthwest portions. LOCAL STATISTICS tGlobe-Gozctte weather figures for hour period ending at 8 o'clock ursday morning: |/Iaximum Wednesday 13 Above Elininium in Night 8 Below lit 8 A. M. 7 Below kfter two nights of nearly 20 be- Wednesclay night's minimum of gelow seemed Ith Iowa. almost sultry to loan, in the amount signed claims. Meanwhile the senate without a record vote adopted a motion to investigate a reported inquiry into the political affiliations of its em- ployes. The county agricultural board bill came up when Representative Bouska of Howard called up his motion to reconsider the vote by which the bill was ordered sent the agricultural committee from the committee on county and township organization. The Motion carried 54 to 44. Moore contended the move to send the bill to the agricultural committee was an attempt to delay action and aaid he thought the people of · the state wanted it considered. Pleads For Bill. Representative Doran of Boone pleaded for the bill to be sent to the agricultural committee, declaring the house "plainly expressed" itself when it previously had voted to re- refer. "This question eventually will have to be decided," said Representative Rice of Keokuk. "Let us face the question squarely. The bill sent through its assigned committee in proper order and there is no reason for delay." Representatives Spcidel o£ Washington and Grau of Buena "vista asked the members to vote against (Tern to PflBfl 3, Colnmn 4) Eyesight wns the biggest Christmas gift received !y Lorcn Lockhart, 7 year old Ind of Polk, Mo. As the result of an operation, he wns able to sec his Christinas fret and presents. Ho is shown \vilh a nurse In it bospltiil room at Springfield, Mo. (Associated 1'ress 1'lioto). It's Too Late for German Convicts to Plan Reform New Penal Code of* Drastic Measures Put in Effect. By WALTER- BROCKMANN Associated Press Foreign Staff BERLIN, Dec. 28. (iH-- It is too late for convicts in German penitentiaries to resolve to make good this New Year. On Jan. 1, 1934, a new penal code goes into effect. It is described by some as perhaps the most drastic of modern times. Many of those behind the bars face extended sentences as a result.^ Since the advent to power of OPERATION MAY BE DONE FRIDAY Baby, Rushed to Baltimore by Plane, Shows No Signs of Pain. BALTIMORE, Dec, 28. (.IP)--The operation on little Sue Trammell, the five months old sick baby who was rushed by airplane from Houston, Texas, to Baltimore, was set today tentatively for tomorrow at the Johns Hopkins hospital. Declining to comment on the ailment, diagnosed as hydro-cephalus, or water on the brain. Dr. Walter E. Dandy, noted brain surgeon said, "the operation will not be performed before Friday." The blue eyed baby was described ay attendants as appearing bright and showing no indications of pain or suffering. Another child of Mr and Mrs. W. W. Trammell, her parents, died several months ago of the same ailment. Little Sue, accompanied by her mrcnts, nurse and other relatives, was brought to Baltimore Tuesday niglit by Jimmy Wedell, famed speed aviator, who flew the 1,400 nile course in 11 hours. Chancellor Adolf Hitler, 00 persons have been executed under specially passed nnd still existing laws interpreted partly to apply to political and criminal slayings. Awaiting execution in his cell at Leipzig, Jtarinus Van der Lubbe, young Dutch bricklayer, is the first man ever sentenced to death for arson in Germany. I*i\v Retroactive. Tho law under which he was sentenced last Saturday was passed -' 7i after the reichstag building tire, Feb. 27. It was declared retroactive, making Van der Lubbe's confessed crime of starting the fire liigh treason. Beginning with the new year, more rigorous measures--hailed as "genuine justice"--will be inaugurated. Committees arc at work "Hitlcr- izing" some 20 kinds of justice, ranging all the way from matrimonial to maritime. Compulsory sterilization laws go into effect Jan. 1, too, along with a new civil code. That also is the date for the reinstallation of military courts. Beyond Redemption. That criminals and malefactors are beyond redemption Is the attitude indicated by the new criminal laws. Serious offenders who arc considered to constitute "a public menace" will not be released from jail even after serving their sentences. They will be compelled to perform forced labor as long as they are so considered. There i.s a clause for sterilization of "dangerous sex criminals." Under the general sterilization Jaw. probably the greatest round up of sick human beings in medical history is occurring as a prelude to putting it into effect. 1,700 Eugenic Courts. On Jan. 1, 3,700" eugenic courts will begin to function to pass on the cases of an estimated -100,000 "hereditary incurables." One of the most striking features of the sterilization law is that any one sentenced may escape only by (Turn In Tngp fl, Cnlnmn 1 Gets Two Years for Davenport Car Theft SPRINGFIELD, 111., Dec. 28. I/P) --After pleading guilty to stealing an automobile driving it to in Davenport arid Peovia, Oliver E. Cleary, 22, Peoria, today was under sentence of two years in the Leav- '·mvorth penitentiary GOVERNOR ASKS Urges Legislators to Act on Major Measures and Adjourn. DES MOINES, Dec. 28. (fl 1 )-Prompt enactment of major legislation and early adjournment of the special assembly session today was risked o£ legislators by Gov. Clyde L. Herring. The governor, who conferred yesterday with democratic senators, talked matters over today with republican members of the senate and wag to meet later with house members of both parties. Explaining that the conferences were called in response to requests that he make known his desires as to the future course of the special session, the governor listed seven subjects which he believes should receive first place attention. End of January. All of the work should be out of the way in time to permit adjournment by the end of January at the latest, he told the legislators, adding- that he believed the session could be concluded even before that date. Tax revision was one of the subjects heading the list of his recommendations for action, setting at reat rumors which started Immediately after the conference yesterday that there was a movement to .let that problem go over until the regular session. Along with tax revision the governor asked prompt action on liquor control, urged enactment of a proposed bill to appropriate ?2,000,000 for emergency relief, the highway bond refinancing bill, and the measures for revision of the gasoline tax refund law and to establish a non-partisan judiciary. Blocked In House. The highway bill, which would authorize the state highway commission to adopt a program for refunding the ?!)5,000,nOO outstanding in county primary road bands, passed the senate but has been blocked in the house. Governor Herring also urged the senate to take up the house-appro- ed cncurrent resolution for an investigation of the state insurance department but made no recommendation as to its disposal. Find Waterloo Man Dead in His Home WATERLOO, Dec. 28. 7P»--The lody of George W. Looker, 71, was 'ound in his home late Wednesday y a roomer. He apparently had icon dead since Tuesday. Death was believed caused by an embolism. INDICTMENT DISMISSED . An indictment against Jack Holston charged with bootlegging, was lismissed in district court late Wed- FARM LEADERS CO-OPERATED IN LAST 12 MONTHS O'Neal Looks on 1933 as Significant to Agriculture. (EDITOR'S NOTE: The year 1933 being as momentous as it was, what did it mean for agriculture? Xiio Associated Press herewith presents the answer us viewed in an article written for it by one of the most widely known farm figure/?. By KDWAKD A. O'NEAL, President American Farm Bureau Federation. WASHINGTON, Dec. 28. (.W-Unity of action among farm organizations has been demonstrated in the past year as being possible. Farm organizations ordinarily have worked congenially together, but in the last 12 months they have worked in a particularly close formation. The beginning of u. new era in regard to control of surpluses, although discussed several years prior to 1933, got into full action during that year. I refer to the control o£ surpluses by limiting- production rather than trying to control them alter they are produced. World Markets Vanished. Ten years ago we did not need to limit production because then we had world markets. Nineteen hun- .."tv^t ^i^ ^»i "-.j^u-iiee .brQughtj-.'US tace- to"lace with the' fact that our world markets ; for farm products had largely vanished and that farmers, if properly rewarded, should control their production. Nineteen hundred and thirty-three was particular significant to agriculture in that it confirmed our federal policy of taxation based on ability to pay, despite the fact that the federal government in its efforts to relieve unemployment needed vast funds. The income method of taxation has been continued through this troublesome period instead of resorting- to other forms of taxes which ,'ire based mostly on necessity to consume. "Honest Dollar" Near. In my opinion, along with the great tax victory just spoken of stands the monetary policies now being put Into effect throughout the year 1933. The revaluation of the dollar, recognition of silver and the general expansion of credit throughout the nation by governmental activities constitute an epoch in the fiscal policies of our nation. The "honest dollar" which the American Farm Bureau federation for years lias advocated Js now a near reality. Nineteen hundred rind thirty- three marked a definite beginning of a planned agricultural program for agriculture, in which control of production, retirement of marginal lands from production, proper marketing of farm crops, support of agricultural educational agencies and similar activities are given more recognition than ever heretofore they had been given. Knter.s New Era, We are barely at the beginning of this era,.however, and much larger action will be needed than we have been able to start in 1933. The year just closing shows to my mind that the administration at Washington is more farm minded than former ones have been, and with the policies initiated in tho post year and carried forward, as they arc now planned, we can look back to 1933 a few years from now and realize that agriculture, so far as federal recognition is concerned, entered a new era -with a new hope nnd confidence in the administration of President Roosevelt. The beginning of this hope and confidence is evident in the increases in prices on farm products which have begun an upward swing, taking the country as a whole. Fowler, Well Known Lexicographer, Dies LONDON, Dec. 28. (/D--Henry Watson Fowler, noted lexicographer, died today at his home in Hinton St. George, Somerset. He was 75 years old. Will Rogers Says-- SANTA MONICA, Cat., Dec. 28.--This is a day and time when everybody gives opinions on something they know nothing about. So today I discuss opera, grand opera. The Chicago opera house opened for the first time in two years. It was never a success because it was constructed wrong. It was built so everybody could see the stage, but nobody could see each other, so no\v it's been remodeled BO you -can't see the stage, but can see the price mark on every dress la the house, and it's doing fine. New York opened its season with an American opera for (.he first time in history. American music has always been considered by the opera goers, as fit for nothing but the ear, but never looked good through, a lorgnet from a box. That's about all the operu news that's fit to print Yours, WILL, ROGERS. (CVipyrleM. 1D33. McNauslil. Syndicate) lowan Pound Dead. ATLANTIC, Dec. 28. (m-- Charles Heblng, G8, retired farmer, was found dead at his Cumberland home. Authorities said he .committed sui- nlde by shooting 1 Says Government Cannot Waste Its Way to Prosperity Theodore Roosevelt Claims Balancing Budget Is First Need. PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 28. (UP) .--The. United States cannot "waste its way back Into -pfospdrity," Theodore Roosevelt today told the Manufacturers and Bankers club. "There is only one way a country can exist permanently with happiness," the former governor general of the Phillippines said, "and that ia by having a balanced budget, a good credit, and a sound currency." Colonel Roosevelt called for a return to the ideas of economy that were Hummed up in the phrase "we .should not spend more than we receive." These ideas, he said, wore taught to American citizens as children. Silk Shirt Days Over. "What applied in family life applies in national life," he said. "A nation must not, and in the long run cannot, spend more than it collects from its people. There is one way and one way only in which a budget can be permanently and properly balanced and that is by this principle. "The silk shirt days are over." He said that the nation must return to a simpler scale of living both governmental and private, that it must adjust itself lo changed conditions. There is no way, he said, by which a program calling for the balancing of the budget, the reduction of taxes and the maintenance of expense can be followed in the light of present rigorous economic conditions." One. Way to Balance. "There is but one way to balance the budget at this time," Col. Roosevelt said, "and that is to cut governmental expenses to the bone and to increase taxes where possible. All other moves are sophistry." The national administration is separating its expenses into two classifications, Colonel Roosevelt said, those of general or ordinary expenses and emergency or non-recurring expenses. He attacked this classification as the one "used by the various: European governments when they were tottering: on til? edge of the abyss and wished to conceal their true condition." He contended that by this method, expenses previously included in the budget "find their way around and appear in the national debt." He said the national debt of the United States has risen from $16,000,000,000 (b) when the sums now al- (Tum In 1'aite ft, Column -I) RFC Repeats Price of $34.06 for Gold for 8th Time in Row WASHINGTON, Dec. 28. m--The RFC again offered today $34.08 an ounce for newly mined domestic gold. This price was repeated for the eighth time a.s the dollar showed strength abroad. Bar gold in London was worth $32.16 an ounce on a sterling opening of ?5.0DU to the pound. Herring Sees Better Times for Farmers Says Midwest Should Give Its Support to Administration. By CHARLOTTE U. 1MIESCOTT Central 1'rcss Correspondent DF,S MOINES, Dec. 28.--What is going to happen when congress convenes? Will middlewcstern governors join hands again? Will they again go to Washington and demand helpful legislation for their states? It they do, will they ask for new measures or reiterate their requests for old ones which have been turned down ? "What the middleweslcm governors should do," said Gov. Clyde L. Herring of Iowa when I asked him these questions, "is to stand back of the administration and help along the measures that have already bcon passed. We don't need governors' conferences to do that." We were sitting iu the governor's office in the state house in Des MMnes. A high ceilinged, long windowed room, too heavily ornate--in the old time way of state hou.scs-- for beauty, but possessing a good deal of dignity. Won't Illicit President, "Arc we going to have a conference?" The governor smiled rather tirily. "1 don't know, 1 read in the paper we were. I think Governor Olson would like one and would like to have it here. But if we do meet again, I'll say as I did at our earlier conference, that it must be clearly understood that the meeting Isn't called for the purpose o£ bucking the administration: Our ship's, in stormy waters and it is time for us all to be good sailors." Ho spoke of the ship of state in the siune calm voice In which he later discussed the price o£ hogs. There is nothing dramatic about Governor Herring. He la friendly, informal, matter of fact. A portrait of him would require three tones: White for hair and eyebrows, pale flesh tint f o r - f a c e nnd high forehead, neat brown for suit and tie. You would need besides a bit of pale blue for the eyes behind the rimless glasses. "Of course, though," he went on, "it's easier to aay what we should do than what we will do. I doubt if we cnn bring ourselves to agree in furthering all of any one program. Take the governor of Illinois, for instance, and the governor of North Dakota--their problems are so different and the two men are so entirely different in their views--I don't believe they could ever unite :« any course of action." regjjlng Corn. I asked Governor Herring if he and the other governors would again agk for coat of production for the farmers. "No," he replied, "as a matter of fact, we never did ask for it. What we asked for was a pegged price on corn of 65 cents. We knew that the cost of production was too high for us to get now, but we hoped that 65 cents would be a parity price, that is, that it would put farm products on a level with other commodities. Our idea was, of course, that in time this price could be raised until (Tnm to I'OKO G, Column 2) FLYING BOUDOIR NEAR NEW MARK Two Women Flyers Battle New Foes With Their Nerves Raw. MAIM, Fla., Dec. 28. (.-!)-Frances Marsalis and Helen Elichcy battled new foes today--raw nerves and trouble fraught imaginations-as the minutes that separated them from a new women's refueling- endurance record were clipped off by their whirling propeller. Their "Flying Boudoir," if all went well, was to cross the old mark of 8 days, 1 hours and 5 minutes at !i:08 p. m., today and a new record was to be officially established one hour later. Meanwhile, with cheering notes ground officials sought to soothe the time whipped nerves of the women. Members of the refueling crew and other pilots who visited with the women--by hand signals from planes drawn alongside the endurance plane--found them plainly showing the extreme mental stress, they said. STATE HIGHER; RISE IS SEEN FOR FRIDAY More Than 100 Dead as Result of Storms and Cold. Signs of a brenk In th« CD!.! .spell that has gripped the state and thi- rest of the midwest since Saturday night were seen Thursday aV lowans ventured out of doors without serious worries of frozen ear. 1 , or hands after several days ol' spending us much time as possible at the fireside. Subzero temperatures were fewer in number Wednesday night ami Thursday morning the mercury soared above the zero mark In most parts of tiie state. At Charles City thermometers nil the state's minimum of 10 below ni 1 a. m. and eight hours later rosu to ! be!o\v. Mason City had a lou of 8 below. Dubuque bad a minimum of 10 below, but the mercury there moved lo 4 above by 9'30 a. m. Other .subzero marks were reported at Clinton 8, Cedar Rapids -I Iowa City 2 and Fort Dodge 1. Minimum temperatures at olhei: reporting- points ranged from .1 above at Sioux City to 10 above at Keokuk. The weather bureau predicted unsettled weather for Thursdny flight with occasional snow and rising temperatures Friday. Wnrnun weather was forecast Cor northwcsi Iowa Thursday night. WINTER SUBSIDES J AW* -- ~"-MW**».X.M^*S-f*\xia- The fury of winter's onslaught hail subsided considerably Thursdav over much of the,United States but intense cold prevailed in many sections. More than 100 pel-sous have died according to unofficial estimates .is a result of blizzards, ice, snow iinii cold. In New York City. 3!,000 men struggled beneath a leaden sky and in far below freezing cold Thursday to complete the task of removing n 10.7 inch snowfall from the streets Homeless men and women struggled over ice coated sidewalks to municipal lodging houses for food and shelter Wednesday night. Cold lilts South. The cold wave swept into the south Wednesday after bringing death and distress to many other sections. Chicago alone counted ''I dead. The mercury fell to 10 below. Wisconsin had a total of 21 New England, cheered by predictions of rising temperatures, was nevertheless worried over 29 men missing in fishing craft off Maine's Ci,.ist. White River, Ont., was the coldest spot Wednesday with mercury slithering down to fifi below. Points in Minnesota were not far behind with '17 below. Even In Atlanta, C!a. the temperature fell to 22 above. Hunt, for Fishermen. Coast guardsmen were ordered out from Chicago early Thursday to seek three fishermen missing with their craft, the Seagull, on Laki! Michigan. Guardsmen earlier (Tnm to I'njc^ B, Column 2 "CONTRACT BRIDGE" How does contract differ from auction? What is meant by an opening bid of two? Wh.-' is vulnerability? What is psychic bidding? What Is a denial bid--a demand bid--a .business double? Do you know tho answer to all these questions? You will find these answers, and many more, In "Contract Bridge," the hook- let now being offered by this newspaper. How to bid, what you must have to raise your partner, definitions of contract terms-these and many more facts arc contained in this Iwoklet. .Send 10 cents in coin to cover cost and postage. Use coupon. Ma H on City (ilnbe-Gnzctto Information Bureau, Frederic ,J. IIiiHlcln, Director, Wiuihington, I. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the booklet on "Contract Bridge." Name ........ ...................... Street City State

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