The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 3, 1936 · Page 1
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March 3, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 3, 1936
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M t .1 3 C F I NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, MARCH 3, 1936 THIS PAPSIt CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 126 Threats of War Seen Japan 'Blood Purge' Is Analyzed by Stewart. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N (CPA) -- Pacific c o a s t senators a n d representa tivcs take it tor granted that Jap an's recent "blooc purge' 1 may lead to war between America and the islanders. That is to say they reason thai the military par. ty is in the sad- d 1 e in Nippon and their conclusion is that these bellicose folk wil leave Uncle Sam no final alternative except to fight. If it is to be assumed that the samurai, or warrior caste, really is in control, this may not be a bad guess. Japan's hereditary man- at-arms is recognized, no more fully anywhere than in Japan itself, as a rabid animal when he goes "loco." But, proportionately, he isn't very numerous. Militarists Defeated. Indeed, to judge from much censored accounts from Tokip, the blood purge was a sequel to the overwhelming defeat the militarists had suffered, shortly beforehand, at the polls. Beaten, they turned to assassination of the leaders of the winning element. The fact remains that they evidently are in a minority--a small one. They are dangerous. An anti-militaristic Japanese cabinet member is a poor life insurance risk. He not only is likely to be killed, but the samurai who killed him may go unpunished; he will be acclaimed by his class as a hero anyway. The oriental holds life cheaply, his own included. How cheaply he holds it is difficult or impossible for the occidental mind to comprehend. Change in Opinion. N All the, same', the Average up-to- date Japanese considers the samurai anachronistic ·,My"personal·association, as a foreign newspaper correspondent in Japan, was mainly with native newspapermen. They were not sam- uraiites. They were ag willing, perhaps, as any occidental, to go to war, but they did not care to fight a buzz-saw--at least not needlessly. But the hoi polloi of the Japanese? They had not, to be sure, and probably haven't yet, the enlightenment of the newspaper group. Nevertheless, thsy were not pro- samurai. The samurai are an aristocratic group. The ultra aristocrats were the daimios--a daimio being, as I have had it explained to me by Japanese friends, a "big- samurai." Samurai Policy. But even the plain samurai had come to be regarded, by the ordinary citizenry, as a load to be carried -^out of date, useless and quarrelsome. SWEEPING TAX CHANGES SOUGHT Britain Announces Expansion of Army and Navy CITES "DANGERS OF WAR" AND ITS DEFENSE NEEDS Mobilizes I n d u s t r y for Instant Readiness If War Comes. By CHAKLES P. NUTTER C«iyrisM. IMG, by . r i, e Associated ITI LONDON--Great Britain's gov- The intelligent Japanese had arrived at a point where he rated the cult as interesting in literature and on the stage, but as highly undesirable in public affairs. Japanese "big business" h a d reached the same conclusion. Premier Inukai, its spokesman, i Jj^' was assassinated in 1932, for warning his country that he could not continue to finance Japan's military activities on the Asiatic mainland. In did not matter that he could not. He was assassinated because he did not, whether he could or not. Typical samurai policy! Losing Support. Samurai policy is, of course, crazy. But how far it is backed by Japanese public opinion? Seemingly it is not so supported, if the last Japanese election means anything-. ernment announced Tuesday a vast immediate expansion of its army, navy and air forces and industrial mobilization for instant readiness in case of war. A white paper, or government report, said the rearmament and increased national defenses were made necessary by complications of the international situation, combined with a "deplorable and undeniable" worldwide expansion of armaments. The United States, Germany, Belgium, France, Italy and Soviet Russia were listed as having embarked already on similar plans. "Dangers of War." Citing "dangers of war" and proclaiming a necessity for means of, defense against aggression and en- rorcement of collective security, the .vhite paper discloses: "A fresh examination ot the posi- .ion, made last summer and autumn, cd to the conclusion that it was lecessary to make further changes ;i the royal air force and speed up measures contemplated for modernization of. the army and navy, to provide as rapidly as possible neces- iary seserves of '.stores -lot ammunition and equipment and organize' industrial resources of the country in :uch a way as to allow immediate ixpansion of productive capacity in :ase of an emergency." Parliament will debate the white laper next week. To Name New Minister. Prime Minister . Stanley Baldwin vill name a new cabinet minister as eputy chairman of the iniperial de- ense committees to supervise, co- rdinate and control the huge arma- nent expansion. "The problem before us differs materially from that with which we were faced in the great war," the government announced, pointing out that the Italo-Etluopian conflict showed claims on Britain's defenses in various parts of the world." The urgency of Britain's rearmament was emphasized by the announcement that the government would attempt to prevent extravagant profits to the munitions industry but that "it will be important, however, to see that the work is not 7 Japanese Generals Ask to Resign From Council Feel Responsible for Assassinations, Rebellion, TOKIO, W)--Seven of the highest ranking generals of the Japanese army Tuesday night asked permission to resign from the supreme war council of the empire owing to a feeling of indirect responsibility for last Wednesday's rebellion and assassinations of government leaders. They asked Gen. Yoshiyuki Kawashima, minister of war, to transmit their joint resignations to Emperor Hirohito, saying they felt responsible for the conditions in the army which had made the rebellion possible. The generals who took this action are Senjuro Hayashi and Sadao Araki, both often mentioned as possibilities for the premiership; Nobuyuki Abe, Jinzaburo Mazaki, [iichi Nishi, Kenkichi Yueda, and 'ount Juichi Terauchi. GEN. SADAO ARAKI CHILDREN RECEIVE PREFERENCE DURING NEW YORK'S STRIKE Try to Complete Tieup of Building Service in N. Y. Squadrons of Strikers Make Raids to Force Out Employes. NEW YORK, (J--Fresh . outbursts of violence 1 flared Tuesday in- the-'building .workei'Sr-sferifce--as- roving Tjands bffstiikers- sought- recruits to the walkout and visited buildings in which their jobs had been taken over by replacement workers. The clashes, following a night in which more than 300 cases of dis- ing to walk up and down many NEW YORK, (/PI--Striking building service workers may not have adopted "women and children first" as their motto but some children, at least, got preferential treatment. "What, the kiddies walk up?" one picket at 65 West 96th street exclaimed. "Ah, not the kiddies. We'll take care of them." .-·" Other children, got, in their opinion, an even more preferred treatment. Most of the private day schools in the strike affected areas suspended classes so there would be no chance of their small pupils hav- Japanese grabs in North China are supposed to have been undertaken to absorb Japan's overproduction. Recent information is to the effect that Japan's big business has assimilated all the effect of this expansion--that Japanese overpopulation has not been relieved by it a bit. Farmer Injured When His Team Runs Away WASHINGTON. Iowa. '.-D--Alois Musil, farmer living five miles southeast of here, remained in a serious condition in a hospital here Tuesday as a result of injuries suffered in a runaway. A frightened team threw Musil from his wagon on to a rnud road and he was found unconscious by farmers. Musil was paralyzed from the hips down. delayed by over-elaboration of financial safeguards." Concede Parley Collapse. The government conceded virtual collapse of naval limitations as regulated by the Washington and Lon- denounced by Japan and expiring at the end of this year. The government report announced plans to lay dovra the keels for two capital ships in 1937, addition of 6.000 men to the navy, 4,000 men to the army and 250 planes to the air force. The white paper, or government report, announced that modernization of Britain's existing battleships would be continued. 5 Cruisers included. Five cruisers will be included in the 1936 building program, in the scheme to bring up the total of Britain's cruisers to 70, of which 60 will be under age and 10 over age. "A steady replacement program for destroyers and submarines is contemplated," the report said. "A new aircraft carrier of a smaller type will be laid down at an early date. The growing naval importance of the fleet's air arm will necessitate considerable expansion of its present strength." The white paper did not estimate the cost of the vast rearmament program. Butchers Neighbor's Steer. ROCKWELL CITY, (/?)--Charged with butchering a steer belonging to a neighbor and trading the meat for groceries, W. S. Lantz, Rinarci farmer, was indicted by county crand jury. the Calhoun Iowa Falls Will Vote order were reported to police, continued even as representatives of the Building Service Employes union and spokesmen for realty owners tried to thresh out their differences in a conference at Mayor LaGuardia's chambers. In the presence of a special guard and eight passengers, five men yanked gol Drinaututi. 23, from an elevator in a 16 story building at 352 Fourth avenue and beat him. Drinaututi was a replacement worker. Augment Police Forces. Police forces were further augmented to cope with the situation. "Flying squadrons'' of strikers visited the Wall street section, but their efforts at impressing workers met with little success. They hurled taunts at employes of the New York Stock Exchange building. "Don't be yellow! Come out on strike!" they shouted. None of the workers heeded their call. At the City Bank-Farmers Trust building, the strikers were accorded a similar lack of response. Excitement ensued briefly at both places. Police dispersed the "flying squadrons." The conference at the mayor's office was the second since the strike began last Sunday. Labor Board Member. Meeting with the conferees Tuesday was Ben Golden, associate director of the national labor relations board. He was there not as an official representative of the board, but at his invitation, said Mayor LaGuardia. The Building Service Employes union is an affiliate of the American Federation of Labor, but the strike is entirely in the hands of the local unit of the union. Officials of the Hotel Workers flights of stairs. Peddler Is Opportunist. One peddler proved himself an opportunist. He approached apartment house tenants with the invitation: "Get your corn plasters, foot powder and seat cushions right here." Numbers Kacket Hit. Among the "industries" hardest hit by the strike was the numbers racket. Collectors, according to pickets and patrolmen on duty, refused to plod upstairs to get the bets of maids and other servants on higher floors. Dse Novel Scheme. Telegraph agencies hit on a novel scheme to keep their deliveries going through. Relays of messenger boys were placed at six floor intervals in skyscrapers of the financial district. Each would run his race, hand on the message and return to his post for more. Doorman in Disguise. Arriving guests at Delmonico's on Park avenue were greeted by a doorman who had doffed his majordomo's uniform and gold braid for a plain blue serge suit and felt hat. With a decidedly furtive air he dashed out to open automobile doors and then dashed back to the foyer's shelter. RIVERS RISE IN SOUTHWESTERN PART OF STATE Rain T u r n i n g to Snow Predicted as Flood Threat Grows. DES MOINES, (.T)--Gorged with ice, streams and rivers in southwest Iowa poured mounting floods over their lowlands Tuesday. The West Nishnabotna river, choked with ice for 15 miles between Randolph and Hamburg, piled out of its banks over highway 3 east of Sidney. A half mile- of the road was under a surging flood cutting off all traffic. The Boyer river south of Missouri Valley broke out of its levels early Tuesday, flooding over hundreds of acres of lowlands. Willow Creek, to the west of Missouri Valley, also turned into an ice bearing torrent of thaw water. To Blast Out Ice. Highway maintenance engineers gathered dynamite to blast out ice jams threatening- to sweep out several bridges along these streams as the water mounted higher and higher behind them. To the south of Council Bluffs, Mosquito creek poured over its banks, flooding- the new South Omaha road and more than 400 acres of land in the Lake Manawa area. Indian creek, that water course through Council Bluffs-wWch floods the city "at every "opportunity', so Tar has been held to its banks, but only by Wasting- out several ice jams. Threat Keeps Growing. As the day advanced the threat of floods extended. And the weatherman had little to offer in the way of consolation. Rain turning to snow wa s in prospect Tuesday night and Wednesday, he said, and while the rain wasn't expected to be heavy, he cautioned that "you never can tell for sure what the weather will do this time of year." Moreover, Tuesday's temperatures fed the floods as they mounted into the fifties and sixties over the state, reducing the snow to water. Relative Proposition. The "much colder Wednesday' forecast, the weatherman explained is a relative proposition--"that is ON THE INSIDE --Iowa Daily Press rhoto. DR. FREDERICK J. SWIFT Swift New Head of Iowa Soldiers' Home ON PAGE 2 Road Bond Refunding Sales Are Scheduled ON PAGE 12 Albia Wins Crown in Jaysee Tussle ON PAGE 13 Postal Receipts Show Gam Despite Weather ON PAGE 9 77^Weather union announced Tuesday that seven more hotels went on strike, affecting 5,000 to 6,000 workers. They included the Martinique. New Weston, Navarro and Beekman Towers. Chris Houlihan, president of the iocal unit of the organization, said he was awaiting word from officials f the Building Service union before calling a strike in the Pennsylvania, Astor and McAlpin hotels. on Retiring of Debts j WPA Laborer, 70, Killed in Accident IOWA FALLS--Only two candidates filed for place on the ballot at the school election to be held next Monday, March 9. They are Mrs. A. H. McLeod and Mrs. W. E. Welden, both at present members of the board of education. Miss Elinor Cobb, present school treasurer, also seeks re-election and is without opposition. Besides the selection of two directors and a treasurer, voters will express an opinion on whether the $12.150 received as insurance on the North Ward school when it COUNCIL BLUFFS. JF _ Joe Kermeen, 70, WPA laborer, was instantly killed Tuesday morning when a slide of dirt, apparently loosened by recent thaws, broke off the side of a cliff where he was loading dirt and Crushed him against the side of a truck. His back was broken. Estate Pays Tax. DES MOINES.'(.PI--The estate of George A. Bereiter of Brighton burned in 1933, should be used to re- [ riaid the" state treasurer Tuesday a tire present bonded indebtedness. .ax of S927 on a $15,009 valuation. FORECAST I O \V A: Increasing cloudiness with rain turning to snow in northwest liite Tuesday night or Wednesday and in east and south portions Wednesday; somewhat warmer in east portion, colder in northwest late Tuesday night. Much colder Wednesday. MINNESOTA: Cloudy, r a i n turning to snow Tuesday night and in east and smith Wednesday; colder Tuesday night: much colder Wednesday and in northwest Tuesday night. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum Monday 36 Minimum in night 30 At 8 a. m. Tuesday 34 The gradual melting of the past week or two has reduced the Mason City average snow level to less than a foot, from its maximum of 26.50 inches reached in the middle part of February. After reaching 46 above Tuesday forenoon, the mercury dropped to 42 at. noon. The 4fi reading was the highest so far for 1936. much colder in comparison with Tuesday's temperatures." Low temperatures forecast for early Wednesday were 25 above in the northwest, 35 above in the northeast and 40 above in the south, "It probably won't get much warmer, if any Wednesday," the weatherman said, "but these temperatures won't halt the thawing and runoff." Adjt. Gen. Charles- Grahl swung his "hood emergency office," set up Monday by Gov. Clyde L. Herring's flood control conference, into action Tuesday morning. Jams First Problem. "Reports show." he said, "that our immediate problem is to get the jams blasted out of southwest Iowa streams and rivers. It's no use trying to build levees as long- as ice dams up the water courses." Highway commission engineers were reporting progress of the floods to him and the points where dynamite was required so he could arrange supplies. Grahl Monday asked all countj engineers to inform him at once of the number of lowland residents in their counties who might have to move in case of floods, so he could mobilize the national guard for evacuation work. At Riverton, a guard was maintained at the railroad bridge over the East NishnaboUia river. Ice jammed behid the bridge Monday night and threatened to tear it out, Pony Creek Flooded. At Pacific Junction, west of Glenwood and south of Council Bluffs. Pony creek flooded the west part of the town with 10 to 20 inches of water. Highway 134. south of the town, was reported under water. Atlantic authorities issued flood warnings Monday night to dwellers along the Nishnabotna there. A Cass county road crew blasted out one five mile ice gorge into moving again. A tributary between Audubon and Atlantic was reported out of its banks. FAMILIES LEAVE HOMES IN MISSOURI LOWLANDS MISSOURI VALLEY. .-P- Demory Third of His Clan to Meet Gangster's Death Slaying Linked to That of Half Brother, "Machine Gun Jack" McGurn. CHICAGO, .D--The slaying of Anthony Demory--third of his clan to meet a gangster's end--Tuesday was linked to the assassination of his half brother, "Machine Gun Jack" McGurn. Supervising Capt. John Siege announced his belief Demory died because he had boasted: 'I know the guys that killed Jack. I'm going to get them." The striking similarity of the two executions prompted the official theory that they had been carried out by the same trio of gunmen. Demory, 24, was playing cards with three others in a "Little Italy" poolroom Monday night. Three men, their faces .shadowed by overcoat collars, walked in. They brandished pistols. The leader cried: Patrons All Rise. "This is a stickup." A score of patrons--among them Anthony's brother, Joseph Demory, rose. Ten shots were fired at Anthony. Three struck him. The assailants fled. Just 17 days ago, three gunmen, shouting "This is a stickup" slew McGurn--master machine gunner for Al Capone--i n a bowling alley. Demory, wounded in the head, shoulder and side, died in a hospital within an hour. He was unable to talk. His Mother \Veeps. Mrs. Josephine Gebardi Demory, mother of the victim, sobbed: "First Vincent, then Tony. My Tony, they didn't have to kill you." Ethiopians on North Front Are Crushed League Gives Warring Nations Week to Seek Peace. By EDWARD .J, NEIL tCopyright, IJKHI, by The Associated rrp.ss.l WITH THE NORTHERN ITALIAN ARMY AT THE FRONT, ETHIOPIA--The Italian army Tuesday crushed 30,000 Ethiopians under the command of Ran Imcru, governor of Gojjam province, concluding a battle begun three days ago. The Italian victory smashed the last complete Ethiopian army on the northern front. The victory was as complete as those over the armies of Ras Mul- ugheta, Ras .Tassa and Ras Seyoum. Ras Imcru's army was defeated on the western front along the Tak- kaze river, where the Ethiopians sought to bar the fascist legions from moving in the direction of Lake Tana, headwaters of the Nile, LEAGUE AWAITS REPLY TO APPEAL FOR PEACE GENEVA--The league of nations' 'committee of 13," representing every member of the council except Italy, decided Tuesday to appeal to Italy and Ethiopia for peace and gave the two nations one week in which to reply. The dale was fixed specifically at March 10. at which time the committee will meet again. The members agreed unanimously on the test, of the, peace appeal. Its draft was discussed earlier in the day by Anthony Eden, British foreign-s e cr e t a ry; and Pierre- Etienne Flandin, the French foreign minister. Private Banking- Abolished. Private banking in Italy was abolished Tuesday by a sweeping banking reform, passed by the council of ministers in a session at which Premier Mussolini declared anew fascism's defiance of league of nations sanctions. The cabinet ordered the four biggest banks in Italy--the Bank of Italy, the Banca Commerciale Italiana, Crcdito Italiana and Banco Di Rome--declared public banks. Status Is Confirmed. The ministers also confirmed a public bank status for a number of other important banks, including [he Banco de Napoli, Banco de Sicilia and Banca Nazionale del ,avoro. The strength PRESIDENT ASKS NEW CORPORATE LEVIES SYSTEM Congress Is Stunned by Breadtb of -Revision Plan Proposed. TEXT ON PAGE 18 WASHINGTON, (.-Pi--A tax revision program which stunned congress by its breadth was proposed by President Roosevelt Tuesday as a means of raising revenue for the farm program and the bonus. In a special message, which was greeted cooly by some democrats and condemned from within republican ranks, Mr. Roosevelt asked repeal of the present corporate tax system which brings in almost a billion dollars a year and urged substitution of a drastic tax on undistributed corporation profits. This levy, designed to force billions of dollars into distribution among stockholders, was estimated, to yield roughly at .$1,600,000,000. Itaise Extra Revenue. Treasury experts said the new proposal would not only cover the taxes the president asked congress to repeal but would raise $620,000 000 a year additional for the farm, program and the bonus. This was the only permanent tax proposed. The president also asked tem- of the Bank of :taly was reduced to a capitaliza- :ion of 300,000,000 lire (about 524,000,000), to be subscribed to by the oublic banks. A report was published in London that Emperor Haile Selassie lad sued for peace at Geneva, but :he activities of the league of na':ions did not serve to substantiate :his angle. Prepare Oil Embargo. As a matter of fact, league offi- ials prepared a program for the arrying out of an oil embargo gainst Italy if the member nations ihould call for one as an additional ianction against II Duce'a government. At his cabinet meeting Premier 'lussolini praised the neutrality pol- cy of the United States as an in- trument of world peace. Obliquely, his praise was interpreted as a criticism of nations which had applied sanctions against his government for the war. with Ethiopia. Great Britain, one of the chief sanctionist nations, let it be known that she was preparing for defense against any eventuality. porary processing taxes and a special "windfall" tax to replace the processing taxes which were lost during the current fiscal year amounting to $500,000,000 in round figures. The chief executive told congress Ms-proposals-would" not 'Only-slmpl- fy the tax structure but would plug up one of the biggest "leaks" in the present laws. Asked to Repeal. Congress was asked to repeal the existing capital stock tax, th e corporation excess profits tax, the raduated corporation income tax enacted only last year and the present exemption of dividends from the normal (4 per cent) tax on individual incomes. On Capitol Hill, hostility developed even among democrats of the house ways and means committee which will write the legislation. "I don't think that the taxing of corporate surpluses is the proper thing," said Representative Thomoson (D.-II1.). "I believe it would have a very adverse effect en business tha't should very shortly begin to absorb some of the unemployment. "It is hard to reconcile with the president's breathing spell announcement, and my action as a member of the committee will be exactly in accord with those views." Consider Procedure. , The committee assembled at 2:30 p. m., to consider procedure on the tax program. The president in his message said "consistent policy (with his budget mes?agej calls for such ( t a x ) action." Representative Mapcs (R.- Mich.): however, predicted there would be no tax law this session-that congress would "fuss over it" and then go home. The only reaction of Chairman TOO.S.D ·"·".'i LJ11 -.I uiwi.i i, nave. LU i\*-U _yuu, As officers led Joseph away for Will Accept 35,000 Tons uesUonmg, she called after them: i · · n i Limit on Battleships Until 1940. get him, too. Take "They want to care of him." McGurn--his right name was Viniwnt Gebardi--was the child of her first husband. Demory was the son of her second husband, Angelo Demory--an alcohol cooker slain in 1923 a block from last night's murder scene. lave left their homes in the face of 'lood danger, officials here said Tuesday. Creeks and drainage ditches in the area were filled with : ce and running bank full. North of Mondamin, Iowa, on highway 75, half a dozen families were moving out of their homes in the lowlands as the Soldier river cut, off flooded these lands. The cutoff is Nearly i an artificial channel carrying wat- ! held out for the hiqiicr maximum on 100 families living in the Missouri ; ers of the Soldier river tr the Mis- : the grounds river lowlands southeast of herejsouri liver. Doughton (D.-N. Car.) of the ways and means committee was: "We are going to take it and study it carefully." Representative Treadway (R.- Mass.), ranking minority member of the ways and means committee, repeated that he still favored reducing- expenditures instead of increasing taxes. Suggestion Dangerous. "I think the suggestion of taxing undivided corporation income is very dangerous," he added. Asked whether the tax proposal would add emphasis to a drive for payment of the bonus through currency expansion. Representative Patman D.. Tc-x.l replied: "I imagine it might. It is likely to stir up interest." "We will have to give that message some studying and a little exploring," remarked Cullen (D.. N. Y.I, a member of the ways and means committee. "It is a pretty bitter dose of medicine for business to swallow," asserted Representative Bacharach (P.., N. J.), also of the ways and means committee. "I ^.on't believe the committee will report out such a bill as the president enunciated in his tax message." Another committeeman, Representative McCormack (D, Mass.) said he still thought a general excise tax the best way for raising the money. Senator Barklfy of Kentucky. that the American ' democratic member of the ser.aj-- '.Pi--An authoritative Tuesday that France LONDON, source said had agreed to the United States' demand for a maximum limit of 35,000 tons for battleships, agreeing to that figure until 19-10. This source said the agreement had been reached in a conference between American and French delegates to the international naval conference, thereby removing one of the major obstacles to the conference's conclusion. Previously, one of the reasons for the conference deadlock was the fact that the French wanted a maximum of 27,500 tons set on capital ships while the United States 'fleets needed long cruising ranges. I finance committee a -h ASii

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