The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 21, 1937 · Page 1
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 21, 1937
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. I i t NdRTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS N E I G H B O R S " H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIBE SEHV1CE MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 92 FEAR TAX REVOLT Administration Watches for Signs of Trouble. ASKS TRADE PO By CHARLES T. STEWART . A S H I N GTON, ( C P A ) --The Roosevelt a dm i n i s t r ation and its managers on capitol hill are encountering the usual difficulty i n preventing small groups in congress f r o m forming partnerships to get w h a t t h e y jointly want, in disregard of the general majority's broad policy Divided, these little groups would give the white house no particular headache. United, however, they foot up a formidable total. Just now they threaten trouble in connection with the issue of 'federal taxation of what's known as the "nuisance" character--in effect, sales levies, and everyonr knows how irritating they are even though small per individua collection. An Example Given. Not to be too definite, thercbj starling ah ill natured controversy suppose that: State No. 1 is the country's mam producing area of commodity A which has on it a stiff excise tlia stale No. I would like to get rid of slate No. 23 is the major produce- of commodity Q, which No. 23 i anxious to keep untaxed. Twenty-three doesn't care nickel's worth for No. 1's conccrr as to commodity A, nor No. )a lo 23's worries over commodit But No! 23 will help No. 1, i No. 1 will, help No. 23, and vie ' Applies- to All States. If this- rule applied only to slates No. 1 and 33 and to com' modifies A and Q it wouldn't so much matter.^ ·- .But'it-apjfles. to all states, from, to" ahd*;incluiiVe-or-'l^to- : 48i-ana -to all' commodities, from A to the other end of the alphabet, and several of each,in some cases. Of course it is not true that the states combine solidly on every item to defeat levies desired by the administration. If they did there wouldn't be any taxes. But there always is a tendency on the part of two or three or more states lo join forces to get what they want, not collectively, but variously. Let this tendency become rampant and it is enough to knock the fiscal pro- F. R. SAYS NEED OFTRADEPACTS EXTENSION Bitter Cold Claims North lowan's Life lull Urges House Ways and Means Group to Back 3 Year Extension. WASHINGTON, (IPj--President Roosevelt devoted the first congressional dispatch of his second erm Thursday to a request for ,egislalion extending the life of .·eciprocal trade policies. Urging the system, first slarled three years ago, as a means of promoting peace and ;he president wrote recovery, Chairman stuffing gram. out of any Remunerative. Now, federal nuisance taxation has been tolerably remunerative to the United States treasury. To be fairly exact, it has yielded nearly a half billion annually. President Roosevelt deserves it to continue to do so, tor the present, anyway. He does not care for the continuance of any especial tax, but he is exceedingly desirous to maintain the government's total. /- · The existing schedule will lapse on July 31. Consequently the problem of renewing it, in some lashion, is urgent. Committee "AH llighl." First the ways and means committee of the house of representatives will tackle it. With'the ways and means committee, headed by Congressman Robert L. Doughton of North Carolina, as chairman, the administration will have little trouble. The committee members are highly responsible old-timers, in close touch with the white house and Treasury Secretary Morgenthau. Even the republican members are inclined to be reasonable. So far as the committee, then, is concerned, it will report out a bil in a form satisfactory to the president and his financial advisers. Then--Amendments' Then, however, the fun probably will start. No n - committeemen will be powerless to monkey with the committee's plan while the committee is framing it, but the moment it is submitted to the house Ihcy will be privileged lo begin offering amendments to it. Assume that legislators from state No. 7 propose to amend out a tax on commodity L, its particular "hole noire." And that No. 13 proposes to amend out item S. "If you'll vote for our amendment," state 19's spokesmen will say to state 7's, "we'll vote Cor your's." State .7 will agree. Several other states will join the alliance, as to ; as many additional alphabetical commodities. i Sees More Sport. Soon that schedule will look like something that the cat dragged in. After which the senate will have some more sport with it. Next it will gt to conference between the two houses--and what have you? Administration leaders are doing their best, in a preliminary way, to prevent such an epidemic of amendments from breaking put. But heaven knows! Parly lines don't signify much in such a contest. - - Doughton (D., N. Car) ot the nouse ways and- means committee that "liberalization of commercial policies" by the United States had done much lo arrest "the world trend toward, national economic isolation." Asserting the task was by no means finished, Mr. Roosevelt saic "emergency conditions" still exisl in international trade relations and excessive bankers continue to operate against American trade. Hull Asks Passage. Rested by a nigbl's sleep atlei Wednesday's strenuous round o inauguration activities, the president returned to his desk with ; full calendar of engagements confronting him. He said he was feeling fit. Secretary Hull appeared befori Ihe ways and means committee ,t ask passage of a measure tha would give the administratiot trade policy a three year lease on life. The senate civil liberties com rnittee looking into industrial con .ditioris'iwas-tolcU. ,b"y;UH6rtfeL-'.-" D Sayre, executive officer of the Na tional Metal Trades association that his organization ran a sp system on labor in plants of mem ber firms. Prisons Mead Resigns. Sanford Bates, director of the federal bureau of prisons, resigned effective Feb. 1 to become execu- ive director of the Boys' Club of America, Inc. Speaker Bankheact told his press conference thai republican jpposilion lo considering-legisla- ion by unanimous consent rather .ban the customary procedure of wringing in a special rule had forced a last-minute delay .omorrow of house action on Ihe Dill to '.extend lending powers of the reconstruction corporation. Bill on Feed Loans Rushed by Assembly DES MOtNES, (.ft--The Iowa e n a t e rushed consideration 'hursday of a bill permitting drought counties lo make feed oans lo farmers and the house prepared to lake it up later in the day. The upper chamber received be bill early in ils session and sent it lo commiltce for immediate consideration. Along with 'the drought loan 11, the senate received a number of measures. One would pro- libit possession of slot machines except those "used, constructed, and operated for the sole purpose of vending merchandise" or rendering a service. As soon as the drought feed loan bill was introduced it was [ivcn Ils first and second readings. Farmers Without Feed. PERKINS MEETS UNION LEADERS Says Failure to Evacuate Plants Major Obstacle lo Settlement. WASHINGTON, (.I 3 )--Secretary of Labor Perkins called Gov, Frank Murphy of Michigan and leaders of striking automobile workers to her office Thursday. She conferred at length Wednesday with the high command of the General Motors corporation. John L. Lewis, head of the committee for Industrial organization, and Homer Martin, president of the United Automobile Workers were summoned. Murphy was asked to attend. "Principal Barrier." Miss Perkins, seeking peace in the widespread automobile labor conflict, said occupation of Fisher body p l a n t s in Flint, Mich., by sitdown. strikers was the "principal barrier" to resumption of negotiations between General Motors and the Untied Automobile Workers. Before resuming her e f f o r t s to bring corporation officials and Ihc union together. Miss Perkins told reporters that one of the main reasons for the failure of Governor Murphy's proposed negotiations in Detroit to materialize had been swept aside. That reason, she said, was Ihe "Flint alliance episode." Refused to Evacuate. William S. Knudsen, General Motors vice president, notified the Flint alliance--composed of nonunion employes -- Saturday night that he would confer with them Tuesday. The union then refused lo evacuate the Flint plants. Since Monday, Miss Perkins said, the corporation has agreed not to negot'ate with any group other t h a n the auto u n i o n for the lime being. That leaves, she said, the occupation of the Flint p l a n t the "principal barrier" to resumption of. strike settlement negotiations. V. The measure would p e r m i t drought counties lo issue anticipation warrants against an emergency tax levy not lo exceed 550,000 for feed loans to farmers. The loans would be made undei supervision of county boards of supervisors. Sponsors of the bill said thai in some of the stale's drought counties, farmers are without feed or the money to buy it. The judiciary commiltce sidering the bill stayed in session over Ihe lunch hour to draf several-minor amendments, including a possible 3 per cen limit on interest,counties coulc charge farmers. ': House ^ Meets House consideration of a separ ate feed relief measure met a sna over a proposal to amend the bi to insert provision requiring th issuance' of a chatlel mortgage lo counly boards as security for feed loans. Opposing.this move, Rep. Gus- lave Alesch (D) ot Marcus, contended that farmers now needing money hqd morlgaged themselves to the limit. "They have no security left," he held. One other amendment l i m i t i n g the inleresl rate to be paid cm loans" lo not exceed 3',-, per. ceijt, was adopted. During its morning session .the senate passed a resolution authorizing pay for its employes. Flood of Bills. Included in the flood o£ bills introduced in the senate were measures to: Prevent selection of physicians on city hospital boards; prevent telephone companies from lowering prices in single communities to meet competition; prohibit the incorporation of cemetery associations for profit; authorize cities and towns to maintain nurses' homes, and prevent gas and electric companies from making higher charges than stated in franchise ordinances. While the scnale Accessed for a lalf hour lo await the committee ·cport on the emergency drought oan measure, another handful of bills came to the desk, including one to divert two million dollars of liquor commission profits to improvements at state board of con- .rol institutions and one to reduce .he minimum interest rate counties may charge ori loans from the permanent school funds. House Marks Time. Tbe house, marking time to await decision of election contests and seelction of house standing commiltecs, plunged inlo another party politics stalemate in its session late Wednesday when democrats and republicans locked horns 2,800 Reported Homeless in Southern Part of West Virginia. CINCINNATI--Flood damage reached $1,000,000, with Ohio river still rising after heavy rains. CHARLESTOWN, W. Va.-Twenty-eight hundred homeless in southern West Virginia. CAIRO, 111. -- Most serious flood in recently years threatens southern Illinois. PITTSBURGH -- Rain and snow drive Monongahela and Allegheny rivers toward flood stage. HAZEL.TON, Ind. -- White river breaks through levee and drives 500 village resident.? lo heights. MEMPHIS--Hundreds of lowlanders f l e e before the rising Mississippi and tributaries. over distribution of the remaining patronage. Democrats offered a slate of house help. Republicans countered with one of their own. Both parties agreed on William Heincckc for assistant chief clerk and Oley Nelson, Ihe Civil war veteran, for sergeant at arms, but varied widely on their choice for other positions. The fight went as far as a call of the house, but a vote was prevented when a republican motion to excuse the absent members, three democrats and a republican, was defeated, lacking the necessary two-thirds majority. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Heavy rains heightened sharply Thursday the river menace lr widespread east and central wcs areas, driving some streams t crests which threatened lo cqua record floods of 1913. Property loss and human misery mounted with the rising waters. In Cincinnati alone police estimated dama"ge"iri excess of S1,000,000.' "' ' Thousands abandoned Ohio Valley homes and sought refuge on higher lands.-Hundreds banded together-to'.maintain dikes and levees, while others formed emergency crews to transfer-merchandise from periled areas. The floods covered miles of land in Pennyslvania, West ^ jinia, Ohio, Maryland, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, Missouri and Arkansas. Yellow waters crept up city streets and flooded basements in scores of communities. Ohin River Rages. Riding high on an accumulation of heavy rains, Ihe Ohio river descended on Portsmouth, Ohio, and caused City Manager Frank Sheehan to warn all residents, except those in hilltop districts, to prepare lo leave homes and business houses. The city has a population of more than 40,000. The river rose two-tenths of a foot an hour at Cincinnati toward a crest the weather bureau said might equal that of the 1313 inundation, which cost southwestern Ohio millions of dollars. The village of New Richmond, 30 miles east of Cincinnati, sent a call for aid and boals and crews were dispatched lo evacuate families surrounded by wa ler. Fifteen hundred f a m i l i e s already had left their homes ill northern Kentucky cities. 1,500 Houses Flooded. Indicative of the sweep of the flood was a report lhal 1,500 of Ihe 2,000 houses in New Richmond were flooded. Water swirled five feet deep in the streels.- Almost the entire population of Aurora, Ind., worked to remove stocks from stores. Fire siren: jrought them from their beds at midnight. Bursllng through a levee. While River waters look over Ihe village of Hazelton, Ind. Its f0t) residents stood on hills and surveyed Ihe wreckage. Flood waters swept over the Kentucky lowlands, in some 103.3 mark, from Iheii 14,000 Executed by Fascists in Spam BAYONNE, France, (VP)--Fourteen thousand persons have been executed by Spanish fascists in avarre province since the beginning of the Spanish civil war, the Basque nationalist government at Bilbao charged. LOOK INSIDE FOR- aiOHANDAS K. GANDHI Gandhi Publicly Disowns His Tille of "Niahalma" ON PAGE 15 Mussel' Now Regional Conservator of Soil ON PAGE 10 Fort Dodge Grapple . . J Squad/Here ai.V-M ee . " ON PAGE! U '}'·' Iowa's Farm Bureau Membership Increase: ON PAGE 3 Further Brick and Tile Expansion Considerec ON PAGE (i BENOIT IN PLEA OF NOT GUILTY Former Convict Had Orally Confessed Slaying of State Trooper. MONROE, Mich., (/P) -- Alcide (Frenchy) Benoit, 24, pleaded innocent i n municipal c o u r t Thursday on a charge of shooting lo death State Policeman Richards F. Hammond. He waived examination and "Municipal Judge John P. Faucher at once ordered him held for circuit court trial. Bcuoil's pica surprised some police officers, who announced lliey had obtained an oral confession Irom the former conviql that he killed Hammond and shackled his body to a r u r a l mailbox. Benoit was captured Wednesday night by four state policemen. John M. Smith, companion oj Benoit, was arraigned on a charge of carrying concealed weapons He waived examination and wa^ bound over to circuit court under 510,000 bond for appearance Saturday. Weatherman Offers Little Hope That State Will Warm Up Soon. Bitter below zero cold, which wept over Iowa Wednesday lighl, throttled the stale Thurs,ay and the weatherman said here was little indication of much varmer weather soon. Henry Schroedcr, 22 year old onia farmhand, died at a hospi- al in New Hampton Thursday ipparenlly of exposure, two hours aflcr motorists found him cx- laustcd on a highway near here Ic was found b e s i d e his car, which bad gone in a ditch. H was believed that Sdiroode became exhausted while allempl- ng to get the automobile back 01 lie highway and had lain down it ·csl. Temperatures Hummel. Temperatures plummeted from Ihe twenties and lower Ihirlie: lale Wednesday, after a day o now, sleet and freezing rail ,vhich smeared the highways will new drifts and a new glaze o ice. Mason City recorded a minimum of 12 below zero. Train were lale due lo cold and drifl: Main highways, on which snow plows cleared aw.ay snow lha drifted Wednesday, were ope but some secondary roads pro vide'd"slow.traveling!.". ' : ' . . " ' ' The minimum temperature at Forest City was 13 below. Main highways were open in Winnebago county but snowplows worked Thursday on side roads. Way Below Zero. Spirit Lake reported l. r do- firccs below zero, Iowa Falls 12 below, Sioux City and Charles City 10 below, Council Bluffs a below, Des Moines and Shcnan- doah 5 below, Mount Ayr 4 below, and Dubuquc zero. Only tiie southeast corner ol the slate escaped below '/.era readings during the night, Davenport reporting a ( degree low and Kcokuk 12 degrees. The weatherman forecast a 20 l^elow zero m i n i m u m in northeast Iowa, 15 below in the northwest section, 10 below in the southwest and five below in the southeast before Friday morning. The state highway commission reported that fairly heavy snow in North Iowa piled up into drifts Wednesday, but Ihat snowplow crews worked all night getting roads open. Sleel, Freezing Rain. In the rest of the state sleet and freezing rain did their worst to the highways before the bitter cold swept in to solidify their job. In addition to the cold, (he weatherman said snow was probable Thui'Hrlay night and I'Yiday in southeast and extreme east Iowa. Railroad dispatchers reported all trains going Ihrough but some The Weather FORECAST I O W A : Partly cloudy In ::loudy; probably snow in siiutli- casl and extreme eust purlious Thursday nifflil and Friday; limiEHl cnhl Thursday m£hl, rml u n i t e .so cold, in extreme \ portion Friday. MINNESOTA: G e n e r a l l y rail- Thursday iiishi ami Friday; colder in northeast portion Thursday night; not quite so cold in west portion Friday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazelle weather figures or 24 hour period ending al 8 rctock Thursday morning: maximum Wednesday :t3 Above Minimum in Night 12 Below At S A. HI. Thursday fO IJelow Snowfall 1 Inch Precipitation .11 of an Inch The precipitous drop of the nevcury from 33 above to 12 be- ow iii a period of about 14 hours was the feature of Wednesday's weather offering in Mason City. At the Crystal sugar plant norln f the city the night's low mark was 14 below. The inch of snow which fell Wednesday forenoon M-oughl Mason City's snow level jack to slightly more than 1(1 inches. Thursday was clear and cold, with wind out of the northwest. National Farm Bureau Head Talks to Iowa Session at Des Moines. DES MOINES, (.'!!--Kdwartl A. O'Neal, American Farm Bureau president, declared here Thursday his organization seeks to dcler thc_slalcs' assumption of the a d minislration of the AAA farm program u n t i l 1SMO. O'Neal, addressing t h *: Iowa Farm Bureau convention, said ''administration by the ·!« states tinder present c o n d i t i u n s would moan E. A. O'Neal chaos." Pointing out that u n d e r Hie present i n d i v i d u a l stales are places reaching driving hundreds homes and d e r a i l i n g a Louisville and Nashville train at Slaughters. The national guard was mustered in Frankfort to assist evacuation of areas flooded by the Kentucky river. Lowland Dwellers Flee. Rising levels of the Mississippi and its tributaries forced lowland dwellers to flee in west Tennessee and northeastern Arkansas. Tents, box cars and public buildings housed the homeless. Winter rain and mountain snow sent the rivers in western Pennsylvania toward flood stage today. The south branch of the Potomac river washed out a temporary bridge near Springfield, W. Va. The Red Cross' reported 2,000 refugees in the flood area of Ken- tiott, Mo. Rescuers searched for many families believed marooned by the St. Francis river flood waters, -j DOLLAR DAYS THURSDAY, FRIDAY SATURDAY Of Tliis Week At IWason C'ity Stores To know what stores are taking part in this event, what's lo be on sale, and the prices, read the Dollar Days advertisements in the Globc-Gazctlc. were r u n n i n g as much as two hours late Thursday. Bus truck service was thrown off schedule by the icy highways, while m'olorisls .literally crept along the icy traffic lanes. Scores of persons were reported injured by falls on the ice over the state. MINNESOTA. NORTH .DAKOTA HIGHWAY CREWS AT WORK ST. PAUL, (/P)--Highway crews labored in sub-zero temperatures FAIL TO LEARN GIRL'S IDENTITY Iowa Officers Probe 1925 : "Sh-awstaclc Murder" in Warren Counly. OMAHA, (/P) -- -lorry Wood, Iowa slale bureau of investigation agenl, and County Attorney Berkley Wilson, Warren county, Iowa, l e f t here Thursday -for Sioux City, sifter a futile try lo establish the idculily of a girl found dead in Iowa in 1!)25. Omaha police said the Iowa victim is believed In be a It) year old girl known only as Esther, and .") former convent inmate tierc. Efforts to identify her further have failed. On Aug. 10, ID25, Ihc remains of a girl's body were found in the 5 of a burned strawstack in Warren county. Officers discovered the girl had been beaten lo death. The investigation was reopened when a former lou-a woman, Mrs. Clarence Gift, 37, filed suit for divorce at Salinas, Cal., and, police here were informed, told Salinas officials her husband had spoken of killing a girl in a "strawstack murder" in Iowa years ago. CALIFORNIAN HELD AS IOWA M U R D E R IS I'ROHED SALINAS, Cal., (R)--Clarence Gift, 37 year old lettuce field worker, was held w i t h o u t formal charge Thursday as officers in- vcsligalcd Ihe "strawstack murder" of a girl at Carlisle, Iowa, July 24, 1!)25. Paul Castellinc, DCS Moines dc- leclive who assislcd in Gifl's ar- rcsl, said the man denied connection with the 11 year old murder, and'claimcd that he was in Kansas City at the time it was committed. Officers said they would have no further statement until Ihey line! finished their questioning of G i f t . to assume responsibility for the program's' administratiun T beginning next year, lie said he was "glad to know" Secretary Wallace actively is discouraging stale lc«- slatuves from taking action looking toward state a d m i n i s t r a t i o n . The federation president, in his h a l t hour address concerning farm problems from the bureau's standpoint, also advocated: Continue Interest Kale. I. Continuation of the present 3Vi per cent interest rule on furm mortgages and centralization of ;ill forms of government luial cictl'L in Farm 3Si«'jS%difiifHBttatwn-- and Norlh Dakota to open highways in Minnesota T h u r s d a y blocked by Wednesday's heavy snowstorm. At least one t r a i n was stalled, some other trains and buses were canceled and schools were closed in some areas. Southern and Western Minnesota were most seriously affected. . Men and plows were working south of Albert Lea to free a Rock Island train stalled in a halt-mile long drift. The temperature there was 15 degrees below zero. Buses between Albert Lea and Sioux Falls, S. Dak., and from Fairmont to Omaha, Ncbr., were cancelcc Wednesday n i g l i t because o l blocked roads. A Willmar-SiouN City. Iowa, t r a i n also was canceled. Temperatures ranged downward lo -1\ at Willislon, N. Dak., and -Ifl at Crnokston, Minn. Pope Reported to Have Taken Turn for Worse VATICAN CITY, (/P)--Anxiety i rose Thursday in the pontifical I court as reliable sources expressed "greater apprehension" for Pope Pius, suffering intense pain in his swollen right leg. Muscular cramps, which the 7.0 year old p o n t i f f described as "atrocious," seized his limb, imp a i r i n g the circulation and weakening his sencral resistance lo nkl age complications. Vatican allcndants quoted pope as saying; ,«.- Ihc "The pains arc atrocious! "There is, perhaps, no word in the dictionary than can really describe them." The 70 year old holy f a t h e r re mained in bed, his condition no permitting atlendanls lo l i f t him onto a new wheeled divan whicl arrived to replace the former one Former King Alfonso of Spai called nt the Vatican where li was received by Cardinal PncclU, papal secretary of state. Alfonso expressed hope for the pnnlitt's recovery. 2. " Judicious'loweung of industrial tariffs." 3. "Preventing the price of land from being mndc the football of land speculators." ·I. Discovering an economic, sound and applicable course ol action to decrease farm tenancy. 5. Federal aid for r u r a l education. U. Conlinucd federal- aid in "rebuilding worn soils and in g i v i n g back to Ihc country districts Ihe social, cckicalion and economic opportunities which have been taken away from lliem through Ihc concentration of wealth in Ibc larger cilies." Would Sec IIodKC-l'oilffc. "If every one of Ihe -IK .slates should take over Ihc a d m i n i s t r a - tion of the soil conservation and domestic allotment act in tOIitl, il is a foregone conclusion lhal ll.n.' whole program would represent hodge-podge of inconsisloncy, onlradiclion and conflict." O'Neal taled. Classifying Ihe farm problem a icilional one, he said "we learned ·nee how to handle this problem, jut I wonder how long it is going o take Ihc farmers in all sections f the counlry to realize they arc II going to stand or f a l l together. "Our entire industry is at. slako nd we don't intend to stand by IK! sec Ihe work done in pa: ; t "ears n u l l i f i e d because t » f d e l i c a t e cgal iiiterprelation.s and Ihe k i l l - ng restrictions ol tradition. "We arc determined to a t t a i n ) n r i t y for agriculture and we (in lot intend to t u r n back u n t i l t h a t ;oal is attained. Seek "rarity" Goal. O'Neal asserted he felt the 'parity" goal cannot be attained until "we agree agriculture is a national problem" and take steps lo solve it nn t h a t basis. Petty differences "lhal have held up aack in Ihe past," must be lor- Len, he added. "For loo long the corn belt farmer was t a k e n in by the high tariff philosophy of the political leadership of Ihis region," Ibc federation president sid. "lie supporter! it u n t i l he lost his s l i i r l i and then it began lo d a w n nn him that the very policy be bad been s u p p o r t i n g was reacting a g a i n s t him." The t a r i f f , O'Neal said, p r o t e c t ed Ihe prices of tilings Ihe f a r m e r had to buy v/hile most of the farmer's products were sold on world markets w i t h a foreign price dominating domestic mark- els. Too Much Experience. "The farmer," he staled, "has had too much experience to believe that industrial advanlages which arc the result of tariffs and special privilege can be offset by any of the panaceas which arc being advocated in some quarters as a solution of all our problems." He added he didn't believe cooperative marketing, crop insurance, easy credit or consumers' co-opcratirm "can save us." ·' "II is fioing lo require a broad program which w i l l give Ihe f a r m - er cnnlrol of bis i n d u s t r y e q u i v - alent to the control wl]icli lias been enjoyed by m a n u f a c l u r i n ;

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