The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 2, 1936 · Page 4
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March 2, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Monday, March 2, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MARCH 2 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W, LEE NEWSPAPER ISBUCS Every Week Day by Uu MASON CITS GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 Eut State Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher · Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager KEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS WHICH 1» exclusively entlUed to tic USD for publication of all new« dispatches credited to It or not otbcrwlie credited In tula paper, and all local news. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, wito DOS Moines news and business offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION BATES JfMon city md Clear Lane, by th« year 5'-" Mason City and Clear lake, __ ty 'ho woefc -- * -10 ODTSIBE MASON C1TX ANB CUSiB LAKE per year by carrier S'.WJ By mail 6 months 12.25 per week by carrier S .15 By maU 3 months J1.25 Per year by mall 54-00 By mall 1 month S .50 Per year....56.00 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Six months. $3.25 Three months...$1.75 MOST ELIGIBLE BACHELOR L EAP YEAR Saturday found the world wondering more than ever about the future of Public Bachelor No. 1, handsome King Edward Vm of England. Since his ascension to the throne, hope that the 41 year old bachelor king would marry has been uppermost in the minds'of Englishmen intent on preserving the pomp and circumstance of the crown. All of King Edward's fan mail as dapper Prince of Wales notwithstanding, it looks like the young English sovereign is destined to be a bachelor throughout his reign. He is still the "prince charming" to millions of Britons, but the assortment of eligible princesses is distinctly limited. Greece offers two princesses, Irene and Catherine, both sisters of George D, king of the Hellenes. Then there is plump, dreamy-eyed Julianna of the Netherlands. Last in line come Princess Eugenie of Greece, cousin of the Greek monarch, and Kyre of Russia, a daughter of the Grand Duke Cyril. The market is impoverished, to say the least. Since the Duke of Kent became happily united with Princess Marina, the stock of the Greek princesses has risen hopefully. As for Juliana, she seems to represent "all .wool and a yard wide" practicality, which wouldn't exactly appeal to a debonair young monarch. Furthermore, neither the British nor the Dutch parliaments would be enthusiastic over such a match. The Dutch wouldn't want their country to be an appendage of Britain and the English would not-want to involve themselves in further continental alliances. Edward VTn has not given much encouragement to royal matchmakers either as Prince of Wales or sovereign. His companions on the continent--to Paris, Cannes .and Deauville--have been mainly, Mrs. Dudley Ward and more recently the dark-eyed Mrs. Ernest Simpson, the former Miss Wallis Warfield of Baltimore. An earlier dancing partner of the prince was Viscountess Ednam who died in a plane crash. Those who canvass the marriage market seem to forget that Edward VHI is under no compulsion to marry a princess of the royal blood. There is nothing to prevent his majesty from marrying the humblest of his subjects. He might marry an Australian girl, a commoner with whom Ms name has often been romantically linked., .As far.aa "house^Iaws" are concerned^ he^mad._iEarry-a-girl", out of a 5 and 10 cent store. ' .'·" . . - · ~~ The House of Windsor.needs only the passive consent---not the active consent--of parliament for a royal match. Parliament could scarcely forbid Edward ·VTH to marry a girl of his choice, regardless of her station. Succession to the throne of England is secure through his brothers, the Dukes of xork, Gloucester, and Kent, all of whom are married and two of whom have children. Leap year finds England still scouting for a queen for its young monarch, who at present seems more engrossed in the problems of empire than the prospects of matrimony. "UPON WHAT MEAT ..." rpHE REMOVAL from command of Major General ·*· Joanson Hagood, one of the best officers of the World war and the regular army, is an eloquent com' mentary on the ability of the new deal to take criticism. Repeatedly, President Roosevelt has invited citizens to call his attention to mistakes and errors, and promised that where mistakes are found the mistaken policies will be changed. But it is as much aa a citizen's job is worth, it seems, to take him at his word if he can find means to hit back. .. General Hagood is removed, by direct order of the president, after having said what 9 citizens out of 10 now believe--that much WPA money is being wasted with little to show for it--and appealing for diversion of a little of the money to the building of badly needed barracks for the army, and other useful works of defense. Congress had asked the general to testify, and he had been sworn to give his true opinion. Now his scalp is hung out to dry as a warning to others, one supposes, that a man in federal employ had better not trust much in the constitutional provision of freedom of speech. Coming on' top of the recent effort to force business opponents of the new deal to bare all their private and personal affairs to the Black committee, and the plain, barefaced efforts to rig up tax suits and other lands of legal annoyance against any critic, this summary dismissal of an able officer for no reason that will stand publication is a red light to voters, shining all over this country. When the time comes that an honest and capable citizen, be he army officer or plain man in the street, dare not speak his mind about government if he values his safety, we have not far to go toward terrorism. It is no wonder that even democratic senators are vociferous in their criticism of the Hagood affair. Honest men cannot be otherwise. Senators who are ·willing to overlook it must be spineless indeed. One may echo the dour remark of Cassius, as dictatorship dawned over Rome: "Upon what meat doth this our Caesar feed that he hath grown so great?" Those who yelp loudest because roads aren't cleared now are the ones who would have yelped loudest if authorities had purchased ahead of time the equipment needed for a quick and complete clearance. Nothing is more false than the Ickes reasoning that the federal government has, or has had, any resources given to it by the states and individual communities. Vandenburg proved his adeptness at phrase-making when he suggested that what the country needs is "restoratives" rather than "narcotics." If It's any consolation, Wisconsin, Iowa knows just how you feel about it. But be sure it's a spade before you call it one. FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MARK B, BYEKS T HE outbreak in Japan In which at least three of the beads of the government were assassinated by a group of hotheaded young army officers, is probably the direct result of the recent Japanese parliamentary elections, and the indirect and long-range result of the anger which the Samurai class in Japan feels against the encroachments of modern business and finance. -The Samurai, the "two sword men" of old Japan, were the warrior caste, small aristocrats and feudal retainers of the Mikado and his great nobles. When Japan "went modern" and began to pattern her army and navy after those of western powers, these men were transformed into an officer class, retaining a great deal of their feudal attitude and loyalties. The Samurai, like the European fighting men of feudal times, held in contempt the tradesman and money-lender. With the modernization of Japan's great merchandisers, industrialists and financiers grew up, some of them members of the aristocratic families, others upstarts from the ranks of the' common folk. To them went great rewards and prestige in the new Japan, and while the army remained an honorable and respected career the officers felt that they were being displaced. Especially since the World war, when Japan was forced to surrender the Kiao- chau territory the soldiers had taken from Germany, and when the Japanese moderates accepted an inferior naval position In the Washington and London- treaties, has this feeling been growing. PLEDGED TO ADVANCEMENT OP JAPANESE EMPEROK A GROUP of patriotic and military fanatics, formed into an army secret society, grew up--pledged to the advancement of the emperor and increase of his possessions and his prestige. It was equally pledged to resist the growth of the civil power in the Japanese parliament, the development of political liberties among the common people, and to combat the power of business and finance in the empire. A thoroughly reactionary group it is, worshipping the sword and military conquest, and bitterly resentful of the moderate, the commercial interests, ot Japan. There is no recent counterpart iri western history. The officers of this faction go back to the Spartan wariors of ancient Greece for their ideals--and their high opinion of themselves. In a mild way the officer caste of imperial Prussia was something similar, but it had not the Japanese hardness nor fanaticism. A Prussian officer would fight a duel, but he would not be a party to political assassination. Among these Japanese hotspurs it is regarded a a virtue to kill off a politician who prefers negotiation to force and bloodshed. ZEALOTS RESPONSIBLE FOB CAMPAIGN IN MANCHUKUO I T WAS these zealots who so pressed the issue in Manchuria that the civil government of Japan was continually being embroiled and embarrassed in its world relations. If they did not deliberately provoke or invent the incident which launched the grab for Manchukuo, without question they refused all orders from the cabinet and, despite repeated promises of Tokio that they would halt, went ahead until the last vestige of Chinese resistance was ruthlessly subdued. It was they who have been pushing Japan steadily toward bankruptcy by insisting upon military and naval expenditures far beyond Japanese capacities. It was they who forced Japan to walk out of the league of nations, and to denounce the naval limitita- tions treaty. It was they who recently attempted to set up the independent state in five provinces of North China,- and who have been indulging in provocative skirmishing along the Mongolian bonder with the Russians. From the modern standpoint they are unreasonable, wild men,. devotees of war ,and bloodshed, patriots without a grain of sense. The moderate elements iri Japan are afraid of them, but they have dominated political life by their campaigns of terrorism for the last several years, during which dozens of moderate leaders have been murdered with impunity. SMARTING UNDER DEFEAT IN LAST WEEK'S ELECTION T HE last elections, which these "patriots" expected to win, resulted in their defeat. Supporters of the moderate Premier Okada, instead of losing their majority, gained a number of seats, and the liberal and labor parties showed substantial gains. The groups which advised caution, which want to come to terms with Russia, which wanted to make haste slowly in China, which opposed backbreaking taxes for the army and navy, were seated firmly in authority. And the fanatical officer-gang of patriotic assassins went into a frenzy. For a.whole day they terrorized Tokio. All around the world the chancelleries went into the jitters when hints of the coup slipped through the censorship. They are still jittery, for the indications are not that the officer gangsters were defeated and are to be punished, but rather that they dictated their own terms. No one knows for certain, but it is at least a 50-50 guess that the coup may have nullified the elections, and put the military more firmly in the saddle than ever. In which case one may expect a renewed wave of aggression against China, a possible rupture with Russia, and quite possibly a major war in- Asia. In the long run these madmen, if they get their way, will almost certainly ruin Japan. Their nation of a Samurai empire over-awing the world cannot live in these modern times. In the end they will not only have Russia and China to fight, but most of the rest of the world. The powers will--and have--put up with a lot of swashbuckling from Japan; in fact, the Japanese, by shrewdly picking their times, have made rather a good thing out of it. But if they insist on playing the mad bull continually, they will have to be dealt with. Russia is about ready to take the job in hand, if she must. The French deputies have ratified the Franco-soviet treaty of mutual assistance, whereby Moscow is assured her rear will be protected against German attack if she becomes embroiled in the far east Japanese moderates know what that means, and have been determinedly putting the brakes on the military for the last few months. But if the.mad- men have got things into their own hands by this spectacular coup, it may not be long before Japan will oe at the necessity of proving her ability to whip the 1,300,000 well-equipped soldiers of the soviet. Very few outside of the Japanese army believe she can do it. PLEASANT CONTRAST IN ETHIOPIAN SITUATION ·QERHAPS the complications in the far east may A have something to do with the visible hastening ioward peace in Ethiopia. There is every reason to ihink that recent Italian successes have put Haile Selassie in a bargaining frame of mind, while the effect of sanctions and the drawing together of Eng- and and France have had a similar effect on Mussolini. The indication is that both rulers are finding their peoples sick of the war, and anxious for peace. How it is coming about was probably indicated Anthony Eden,- British foreign secretary, before ie house of commons. After a cloud of words professing renewed belief in the league and the "system of collective security," he went on to say that the prospect of" peace lies in the report of the committee of five of the league, which both sides once rejected. The committee of five--the big powers, realiy^-was the spiritual author of the Hoare-Laval peace proposal, which was so indignantly rejected by public opinion that it swept Sir Samuel Hoare out of the foreign office and well-nigh wrecked the Baldwin cabinet, which was forced most humiliatingly to eat its project and apologize. It appears that the same, or a similar project, probably better camouflaged, is about to be brought up again. It is as sure as anything can be that, under the guise of submission to the league, Italy is about to get most of what she went after in Ethiopia. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . by Scott LIVE ARE SWALLOWED AS A CURE. FOR.'TUBERCULOSIS BY-lte. POOP, SOME. UNUSUAL BAlANCINcj ROCKS KNOWN DoctbR.-- PIC-fURE-oF- A CRO-MAjQNotl TRIBAL MAM OM -ffiE. WALL^ oF A 1M ALMOST 30, 000 YEARS ACJO ONE. oFTHEUTE IN NA.VAJ- UNlFORNt IS SHOWH OK frfi$ NEW ZEALAND STAMP Copyright, 1936* by Central Press Association, Inc. 3*2 DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENJE.WU, M. P. PHYSICIAN TELLS OF FINGERPRINTS mHERE PROBABLY are few anatomical ideas more J- firmly entrenched in the public consciousness than that no two people have the same fingerprints. Yet the matter has been challenged several times. Fingerprints were used as seals on documents in China many years ago, and have been used in India to make papers signed by natives authentic. It was Francis Gallon, the English scientist, who classified fingerprints in 1892. Since that time they have been taken up by practically all the police departments of the world. Galton believed that it was possible that an exact duplicate of a fingerprint occurred once in 64 billion times. That would seem to make them reliable for all practical purposes, but still leaves the possibility that they are not absolutely unique, and in practical life several instances have occurred of recognized similarity. A fingerprint expert in Philadelphia has prints which are Dr. Clendeaiag quite similar to his son's. Twin brothers were found in Paris who had 30 points of resemblance between the imprints. And yet for criminal purposes in a trial in 1910, in Chicago, the bloody thumbprint of Thomas Jennings in the home of the murdered Clarence Hiller, had only 33 points of resemblance with his own thumbprint, but the identification was sufficient to hang him. Forged Fingerprints, Not only are these possibilities actual, but we are informed by John Nicholas Beffel in a recent magazine article that Albert Wehde, a Chicago jewelry engraver and photographer, is able to forge fingerprints so perfectly that no expert can detect the counterfeit from the original. He does this by making a copper etching from a photographic negative of a given fingerprint and rubbing over it heavy correspondence paper. When oil or perspiration is applied to the imprint on the correspondence paper, it will make just as good a fingerprint as the real thing. Police departments and fingerprint experts generally have criticized any question of the utter reliability of their method, but in view of this scheme of Mr. Wehde's it may be that they will have to abandon their extreme position. Diet for Second Week--Monday. Breakfast--Fruit: Choice of half grapefruit, half canteloupe, three prunes (with milk, not cream), glass or orange juice; toast, one-half slice, thinly buttered; one cup tea or coffee (with not more than one lump sugar, one teaspoon milk.) Luncheon--One egg, soft boiled or poached; one slice toast, no butter; one-half grapefruit, no sugar; coffee. Dinner--Two eggs, soft boiled or poached; one-half head lettuce, few calories dressing; coffee; toast; one- half grapefruit What is your weight today? ' HOW TO MAKE USE OF SERVICE EDITOR'S NOTE: Six pamphlets by Dr. Clendening can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, for each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three-cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening, in care of this paper. The pamphlets are: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining," "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes," "Feminine Hvgiene" and "The Care of the Hair and Skin." QUESTIONS FROM READERS T. H. S.: "My purpose in writing to you is to learn whether or not one is permanently harmed by the constant inhalation of soapstone and factory dust." Answer: Long continued exposure to stone dust results in the deposit of particles of this dust in tne lungs, a condition known as "silicosis." Factories protect against this successfully by the use of masks. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG CANADIAN VACUUM EXPLAINED MASON CITY--Thanks for the story of the weather by Charles P. Stewart who has a canny knack of anticipating the reader's perplexities. That the air current from the Makenzie river basin spilled over beats a goosebone to a frazzle. The objurgations that used to be hurled at Medicine Hat can now be flung at Canada instead. They have up there, according to the Christian Century, a 100 per cent fundamentalist who has put over a sort of Towriscnd plan that doesn't go. But the amount of wind used may have created a. vacuum that caused the spill. FRANK E. HOARE EARLIER DAYS FBOM GLOBE-GAZE'riE FILES Thirty Years Ago-. J. C. McMahan of Thornton was in the city visiting today. It is estimated by physicians that there are now more than 300 residents of Mason City who are in one of the many stages of tuberculosis. The high school team defeated the alumni 3S to 24 at the high school last night. The lineup for the high school was Hedges, Wiley, Boggess, McKee and True, and for the alumni, Warner, Pearce, Holman, Drake and Stone. Mrs. Abe Hirsch and Mrs. H. Hirsch of Albert Lea and Mrs. Charles Zack of St. Cloud, Minn., who have been visiting relatives, in the city, returned to their homes yesterday. .The Rev. Hill of Rockwell was in the city yesterday, the guest of his brother, L. A. Hill. The boys' basketball team of the high school lost at Emmetsburg 19 to 15 but beat Whittemore 18 to 10 on a two day road trip. The girls' team was more fortunate, beating Emmetsburg 26 to 24 and Whittemore 28 to 7. Twenty Years Ago-BUCHAREST, Rumania--The Queen Mother Elizabeth of Rumania, 76, died today. Mrs. H. L. Harris returned today to her home in Chicago following a several months visit with her daughter, Mrs. C. P. Smith. Arrangements have been made by the high school for a football game with North high of Des Moines on the local gridiron on Nov. 18, Principal F. M. Hammitt announced today. West of Des Moines will also play here the coming season but contracts for the game have not been signed yet. PARIS--Bombardment continued with considerable activity last night in various sectors of Lhe region of Verdun. An attempted occupation of Eparges by the Germans was repulsed by French troops. Miss Mary Shields of Cleveland, Ohio, and Miss Agnes Brophy of Chicago arrived in the city yesterday and will act as managers of the millinery department of the T. R. Glanville and sons store. Today's issue of the Globe-Gazette is the largest ever issued by any local newspaper and has 48 pages. Ten Years Ago-- ~ NEW YORK--Thirty year old Theodore (Tiger) Flowers, Atlanta Negro, outpointed Harry Greb last night at Madison Square Garden to annex the world's middleweight championship after a close fought 15 round battle. (Greb died several years ago following an operation upon his eyes.) Mr. and Mrs. Gene Scanlon of New Castle, Pa., are in the city visiting with relatives. Capt. Herb Fatten looped a fieldgoal from near the free throw line to give Mason City high school a 22 to 20 victory over Central of Sioux City in an overtime period game last night. Iowa retained its tie for second place in the Big Ten rankings last night by defeating Chicago 32 to 20.. The weather today" was the warmest in months as the mercury shot up to 47. H. B. Letts left yesterday on a two months business trip to the southern part of the state. Max Egloff left last night for New York City where he will stay for an indefinite time. TOMORROW MARCH 3 By CLAKK KTN.NAIRD Notable Births--Harlean Carpenter Rosson, b. 1911, known as Jean Harlow, cinemactress William Green, b. 1873, president of American Federation of Labor Edmund Lowe, b. 1893, cinemactor Donald Novis, b. 1907, radio tenor Robert Hunt Lyman, b. 1865. editor of the World Almanac Edward D. Duffield, b. 1872, life insurance executive Aline McMahon, b. 1896, cinemactress William Charles Macready, b. 1793 in London, noteworthy Shakespearan actor, son of an Irish actor. March 3, 1847--The first United States government postage stamps were authorized. They were in two denominations, with Franklin's head on the 5c, Washington's on the 10c issue. These were not the first postage stamps in the U. S., however, for they had been used by de Charmouset, private postman, as early as 1758. · * · March, 3,1606--Sir William Davenant was baptized at Oxford, and his paternity was scandalously attributed to William Shakespeare. Davenant himself did nothing to discourage the legend and let it help him acquire a considerable reputation as an actor in Shake- sperean roles. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is ojd, he will not depart from it.--Proverbs 22:6. OBSERVING HOW MANY WILL TAKE THIS SAFETY PLEDGE? am wondering how many readers of this department would be willing to take this pledge which has meen formally adopted by the Iowa State Safety council: "In identifying myself with the program of this organization, I solemnly promise-"1. To drive carefully and at reasonable speed. "2. To observe all traffic signals and stop signs. "3. To refrain from passing on hills. "4. To take curves cautiously and on the right side. "5. To signal my intentions before turning or stopping. "6. To take nothing for granted with regard to the other driver. "7. To have my car inspected at least twice a year for brakes, lights and other safety features. "S. To guard the safety of all children as I would that of my own. "9. To look upon the safety of my passengers as my personal trust and responsibility. "10. To be as courteous in my car as I am in my home. "A HUMAN LIFE IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE FEW SECONDS I MIGHT SAVE BY HURRYING." AN OLDTBIER RECALLS SOME HERBQUICKLORE gm£* know that this communica- Sapg tion from "R. A. S." will be Qs^read with interest by those whose memory dates back to the days of Herbert Quick in Mason City: "Eye Observing in scanning the local happenings of his and other days furnishes pictures of interest to many, something akin to the family album, each picture recorded flashes on memory's mystic screen, many other pictures just as interesting. "Frinstance, your recent reference to J. H. Quick's legal training, was captioned with this somewhat paradoxical statement, 'Duncan Rule read law with Quick.' Well, Herb read law with Dune, who was the junior member of the firm of Cligget and Rule. "At that period Mr. Quick was principal of the Garfield school, reading law nights anci week-ends with his legal instructors. He terminated both connections at the close of the Clear Lake teachers' institute where he was employed as instructor in English and didactics. In this position he gave previews of the talent that placed him, later, in the high ranks of literary celebrities. "His legal life was largely inspired and ideals strengthened by Mr. Cligget who for many years was recognized as a master of legal lore, and by Mr. Rule, who then was fast attaining a masterly position in presenting his briefs, and as an advocate before a jury. His brilliant oratory, coupled with his intimate knowledge of human nature and hu- man affairs, were probably never excelled during the period of his active participation in the business of the local courts. "One little incident flashes on the screen in connection with Quick's leaving that doubtless will be ap- pieciated by those who knew Herb Quick and his vivid enjoyment of a joke on any of his fellows. He was to leave the institute at Clear Lake to go to New York to complete his matrimonial engagements. "On Friday morning of the last day of the session a stranger brought a letter from New York addressed to 'J. H. Quick, Clear Lake, Iowa.' The letter had been opened and doubtless carefully read by another J. H. Quick, a farmer living near Clear Lake. "Herb's reception of this last pre- uuptial message was with a variety of exclamations and feelings both keen and vivid but he failed entirely to react with hia usual guffaws at the joke element of the incident." PICTURES GIVE STORY OF KING'S FUNERAL. have received a special pic- section of the London Times issued at the time of the late King George's funeral, giving 16 pages of photographs of the event The vast crowds which lined the avenues along which the cortege passed, the historic chapel at Windsor where his late majesty was buried, the mourning family and the dignitaries from other lands who came to pay their respects are shown. It is interesting to note that the odd looking person who marched with the Roumanian delegation and caused so much comment is missing from the English views. Black banners hung in the streets, the muffled drums, the profusion of flowers which were sent and which were laid on the Windsor castle lawn (I can hardly bring myself to call it "greensward" as does the Times) and the royal coat of arms draped on the sides of the engine which carried the body of King George are among the details notable in the picture section. --o-AMERICAN FLAGS-BUT MADE EST JAPAN. jggw nominate as February's out- ^gffp standing irony the fact that -- on 1 Washington's birthday in Chicago, it was impossible to obtain a small American flag that had been made in America. The only ones that could be obtained for patriotic banquet purposes bore the label "Made in Germany" or "Made in Japan." The explanation, as given by one Chicago newspaper, is: American firms, paying decent living wages, cannot compete with the pauperized labor of foreign countries. And the floodgates are open to cheap alien products, while millions of American workers are on the dole. Answers to Questions By FBEUEBIO J. RASKIN PlEiSE NOTE--A reader can set tin answer to ajiy question of fact by writ- Ing Mason City GIobe-Gatctte Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director. Washington, D. C. Fleose Inclose three (3 cents for reply* Is a grounded steel roof a protection against lightning? W. F. The national bureau of standards says grounded steel roofing is effective protection if there are no projections above the roof. Is Mussolini on a diet? L. R. He eats very little except milk and fruit. For breakfast he has coffee and fruit; at lunch, broth and !ruit, and at night only fruit. Sometimes a small amount of fish is served at his meals. He neither drinks nor smokes. Are Christmas gifts sold in soviet Russia? S. E. Christmas observance is against the law, Russian stores are prohibited from selling Christmas toys and displaying Yuletide articles. What makes tne Soldiers' Memorial Tower in Kansas City, Mo., look at night as though a fire were burning on the top? 0. D. The curator of Liberty memorial says the Flame of Inspiration from the censer atop shaft is steam, colored by electric light, which gives a very realistic fire effect. Quoting a London writer after seeing it, "The illusion is finer than the real would be." How many hours of leisure time does the average young person in U. S. have? G. A. B. Cornell university says a nationwide study shows five and one-half hours a day is the average amount of leisure time reported by persons from 15 to 25 years of age. How are U. S. coins polished when minted? C. S. Finish on these coins is because they are stamped with highly polished well-made dies. These dies are so smooth there is no necessity for subsequent treatment of the coins to polish them. How long did Peter the Great rule Russia? H. T. He ruled 53 years, from 1672 to 1725. It was during his reign that Russia made great progress in western culture. Is there an animal called the adjutant? F. G. The adjutant (Leptoptilus) is a very large land bird of the stork family, so named from its measured walk, which at times resembles that of a self important army oficer. What was" Boris Karloff's first success? G. R. Mr. Karloff first attracted wide notice when he appeared in The Criminal Code in which he played tne part of a killer in a penitentiary. When the play was made into a movie he was given the same part. What famous Roman was plowing when informed that he had been made dictator? E. R. L u c i u s Quinctius Cincinnatus about 460 B. C- was chosen consul and two years later was made dictator. When the messengers from Rome arrived to tell him of his new dignity, they found him plowing on his small farm. After a dictatorship o_f 16 days, he returned to his simple life, but was again made dictator at 80. How much of the earth's surface is now covered with forests? S. G. Today the world's forests cover about seven and a half billion acres, or about one-fifth of the earth's land area. It is hardly possible to conceive of an area of that magnitude, but some of this so-called forest in reality is composed of brush and low scrubby timber such as grows in the Arctic circle. Where is the original Uncle Sam buried? E. H. Samuel Wilson, who served as a supply inspector during the War of 1812, is buried in Oakwood cemetery, Troy, New York. He died July 31, 1854. Natural Wonders Trying to pick the most beautiful natural scene in each state in the Union is as difficult as trying to find the proverbial needle in the proverbial hay stack. In making the selection, our Washington Information bureau has tried to choose the scene most famous, most typical of the state and most beautiful. Every one who loves nature will enjoy owning a copy of this publication. No American can read it without feeling a new sense of pride in his country. It is printed in soft green and brown tones and will be mailed to any address in the United States for 10 cents in coin. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for "Natural Scenes of the United States." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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