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COMP Â· " Â· : Â· * Â·' . ' l A R l O N ' E Â» \ \ s MEM a :.' I ? T OF I 0 f :Â·Â·Â· Â·Â·; v" | Â· r'- NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, MARCH 2 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 125 High Court May Change Dickinson Warning About New Deal Considered. A S H I N G TON, (CPA) --What's a threat to one person may be a promise to another. Senator L. J. Dickinson unmistakably intended to threaten when he recently reminded the country that the reelection of a new deal president is more than likely to mean the creation of a new deal s u p r e m e court before the coming presiden- i tial term is ended. , But, to new dealers, this is all the more reason for re-electing the present new deal president. i However, whether interpreted as a warning or a pledge, the Iowa solon (himself something of a republican, anti-new deal presidential Â· aspirant) undoubtedly spoke words , of considerable sooth when he said i what he did on the subject. Youngest i n GG*s. ' If President Roosevelt is re-elected, before his second term ends _; Chief Justice Hughes and Justices McReynolds and Sutherland will be 79. Justice Butler will be 75. Justice Van Devanter will be S2. Justice Brandeis will be So. If they live, of course. , Is it among the probabilities that 1 all, if any, of these old timers will outlast another presidential term? Justices Cardozo, at 66 now. Stone at 64 and Roberts at 61, are comparatively youthful, but they're only three out of nine, and maybe not even their trio will survive unbroken until the spring of 1941. This isn't to make d'ireful predictions, but only to recognize reasonable probabilities. Brandcis Is Liberal. Assume that Justice Brandeis ', doesn't die but, maybe, retires. He's ^j^ the court's outstanding liberal. Pre- j * sumably, by the appointment o f . a , i new deal president, another, equally f liberal, wijl succeed,him. . . . , . . , Justice McReynofds, Sutherland, Butler and Van Deyanter notoriously are tories. All logic would suggest that their seats, if left vacant, would be reoccupied by liberals, if chosen by a new deal president and confirmed by a new deal senate. Chief Justice Hughes is but a very .mild mild progressive; his seat on the bench could be greatly liberalized by a new deal appointment. Justice Cardozo is almost if not quite as liberal as Justice Brandeis. What Might Happen. Justice Stone also is liberally assessed. Personally I think he is only qualifiedly so. Still, he's no hidebound reactionary. Roberts is slightly liberal. Now, imagine the court transformed: By the sustitution of new dealers for McReynolds, Sutherland. Butler and Van Devanter, unqualified old timers. By the substitution of a somewhat better new dealers than Hughes. With the retention of Brandeis and Cardozo, or the substitution of other equally good new dealers in their respective places--such as a new deal president might be expected to appoint. Stone and Roberts. That would leave Stone and Roberts. Well in such company, even they wouldn't be so bad--speaking from the standpoint of the new deal. It's to be taken into consideration that the prospective new deal .administration, expected to appoint new deal justices to the supreme court, might not appoint that kind. For example, Senator Joseph T. Robinson of Arkansas, mentioned as the administration's first choice for a seat on the supreme bench? A liberal! However, the administration may not be considering him. Maybe he only is mentioning himself. IOWAMJTODEATH TOLL REACHES 51 Four Fatal Accidents During Past Week Boost Total for 1936. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More, than half a hundred persons have died in Iowa auto accidents since the first of the present year. While highway safety drives have been intensified in Iowa and determined efforts made on several fronts to check the toll, the 1936 fatality total had mounted Monday to 51. Four persons met death in the state during the past week--two over the week-end. Vincent Sebben, 51 year old Brazil, Iowa, miner, was killed when hit Sunday by a car driven by W. P. Sharp'near Mystic. Arthur Chrisman, 39, Missouri Valley highway worker, died of injuries received Saturday when he was struck by a road maintainer. EMERGENCY PROCLAIMED IN N. Y. Senate Lobby Probe, Securities Act Challenged U.S. AGREES NOT TO INTERVENE IN PANAMA AFFAIRS House Rejects Proposal to Publish Names of AAA Beneficiaries. WASHINGTON, (.T)--Controversy crackled about the senate lobby inquiry and the 1935.. securities act Monday as the administration's tax program and its "good neighbor" policy in Latin America were developing quietly. Silas H. Strawn. a member of the republican finance committee and former president of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, obtained a temporary injunction to restrain the Western Union Telegraph company from supplying the lobby investigators with messages sent by his Chicago law firm. "Fishing Expedition." He charged the senate committee's blanket order for these messages amounted to a "fishing expedition.'' Justice Jesse C. Adkins of the district of Columbia supreme court granted the temporary injunction sought and set the case for hearing Thursday. The enjoining order will expire next Monday. Strawn acted as the committee resumed its investigation of activities directed last session against passage of the new deal's utility holding company law. Â· - "Â· --Challenges Securities.' In the supreme court, James Edward Jones, New York dealer in oil securities, challenged the constitutionality of the 1933 securities act regulations on sale of stocks. President R o o s e v e l t ' s "good neighbor" policy was extended by a new treaty surrendering this country's right to intervene in Panama to maintain public order. The new pact also granted Panama's demand for a higher rental on the Panama canal to offset American dollar devaluation. The house Monday rejected a republican resolution to require Secretary Wallace to report names and addresses of all persons who received $2,000 or more annually in AAA payments. AAA Resolution Defeated. Speaker Byrns announced the roll call vote as 243 to 102. Representative Taber (R-N. Y.) author of the resolution, resisted efforts of the house leadership to table the proposal and forced a roll call on a point of no quorum after the resolution was defeated 117 to 52 on a standing vote. The president set aside the afternoon to work on his tax message to congress. Its delivery Tuesday was predicted. Money Matters at Fore. Money matters dominated the capital scene as congress awaited the message, calling for $786,000,000 a year in taxes, and the treasury began a 51,809,000,000 financing operation. The National Economy league, in a statement published Monday, assailed "soak the poor'' taxation and demanded retrenchment, while the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, also asking economy, attacked the Norris bill to authorise a 10 year, billion-dollar rural electrification program. The treasury's financing, of which . SSOO.000.000 will be new borrowing to fill cash coffers against bonus, farm relief and other payments, will boost the gross public debt to .$31,300,000,000 on April 15, a new peak. All except the 5800,000,000 will be used to meet maturing obligations. Farm Bill Signed. AAA officials packed brief cases Monday to speed away to Memphis and Chicago to start the new soil conservation-subsidy bill with regional meetinga of farmers beginning Thursday. The president signed the .$500.000,000 bill Saturday night, announcing the action Sunday night with the words: "Aiming at justice for agriculture and self interest for the nation, the plan seeks to salvage and conserve the greatest values in human life and resources with which this nation is endowed." Muscatine at Polls in Its City Election MUSCATINE, (JB--Five city officials and one alderman in each of the city's four wards were being selected at the polls by Muscatine voters Monday. A mayor, city treasurer, assessor, street commissioner and police judge were beino- 2 Freight Engines Derailed No One Hurt in Accident at Junction Two engines on a doubleheader northbound freight train of the M. St. L. railroad were derailed Sunday afternoon when a rail broke at a frog near the .junction with the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad on Eighth street southeast aa the train rolled into Mason City. Although the lead engine, No. 404, cleared the rail, the second engine, No. 606, ran off the track and the momentum of 40 boxcars behind crumpled the two engines and ten- tiers into a zig-zag affair that looked much like the old rail fence. Crews Uninjured. Although four men were in the two cabs of the engines against which the two t e n d e r s were rammed, no one was -injured. This was accounted for by the fact that no one had time to attempt to jump from the cab. It happened so suddenly and unexpectedly that the four men found themselves practically sealed in the cabs. When asked how he felt when the accident occurred, L. A. Eker, fireman on No. 404, said "I felt like I wanted to be somewhere else, but luckily nothing broke to cause serious damage by steam or fire." W. C. Quigley was engineer on the lead engine and G. Felt was engineer on No. 606, with H. Gillette iiring. The train had come from Marshalltown and most of. the freight-was .bound for ,-tbe..twin. cities, with only 10 of the cars routed to Mason City. Wrecker Set to Work. A wrecker was set to work about 6:30 o'clock Sunday evening, after police blocked the highway on Eighth street southeast, and workmen spent most of Sunday evening pulling the engines back on the tracks and repairing a considerable portion of the track that had been torn up when the big engines went off the rails. The box cars remained intact and were taken off on a siding so the v.'recker could get to the engines. Because the tenders and engines were at alternately different angles lo each other they offered plenty of opposition in the job of pullinsr them back on the tracks. 2 Highway Bandits Sought After $178 Holdup Is Reported CEDAR RAPIDS, JP -- Police Monday were seeking two highway bandits, reported by L. N. Kobe! of Cedar Rapids to have robbed him of $178 near North Liberty Sunday. Hobel said he was enroute to Iowa City to turn in his collections of the last week to his employer, W. R. Graf, when he was flagged down by one of the pair who indicated their car had broken down. After robbing him, one of the bandits removed the breaker arm from the distributor of Hobel's motor and threw it away, he said. FORECAST IOWA: Fair Monday night and Tuesday; rising temperature in extreme west and extreme south portions Monday night; warmer Tuesday. MINNESOTA: Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday; rising temperature in west and north Monday night and in east Tues- da ' IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Monday morning: Maximum Sunday 3fi Above Minimum in Night 20 Above At 8. A. M. Mondr.y 30 Above Snowfall Trace Sleet Trace Rain .07 of an Inch Total Precipitation .08 of an Inch Figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Sunday morning: Maximum Saturday 26 Above Minimum in Night 18 Above At S A. SI. Sunday 24 Above Snowfall .25 of an Inch Precipitation .03 of an Inch Sunday ran the weather gamut, from blizzardy snow to calm sunshine, with sleet and rain included in the day's offerings. An appropriate introduction it was to fickle 40 Boxcars, Broken Rail Did This The above photo shows how the tender of the lead engine of a doubleheader \vas rammed when the second engine went off a broken rail and the momentum of 40 boxcars did the rest. The photo was snapped just before the wrecker started to work Sunday evening. (Photo by Lock, Kayeimy Engraving) FAIR AND WARMER SEEN FOR STATE Weatherman-iBiands /March. 'Lion and Lamb' Theory Just Old Myth. Though it was cloudy over much of Iowa Monday, the weatherman predicted "fair and warmer"--"and that," he said, "is the first fair and warmer forecast in days and days." Temperatures which were around the freezing point or higher, Monday, in North Iowa, will go even higher Tuesday, he forecast. He predicted rninimums early Tuesday just below freezing in the north section and just above in the south. "March came in like a lamb?" he said. Old Weather Myth. "Yes, I guess you could say it did, but that idea is just an old weather myth. The records don't bear it out. No matter how the month comes in, there's a tendency to strong winds at the close of the month and in early April." Temperatures early Monday averaged 10 degrees above normal over the state, after hitting a high of 46 above at Sioux City and Council Bluffs Sunday. The low early Monday . was 28 at Charles City, the Associated Press reported. 36 Above Here. Mason City had a maximum of 36 above Sunday and the low early Monday was 29 above zero. Sunday here was an odd admixture of weather with everything from blia- y.ardy snow to calm sunshine, with flurries of sleet and' rain. Several highways blocked by last week's storm remained to be opened up in northwest Iowa, but highway commission engineers said warmer weather would aid materially in the snow removal. "In fact," one engineer said, "thawing away of the snow is the only hope for a lot of secondary and country roads." Iowa Agents Get Man Wanted in Missouri DES MOINES, UP)--The state bureau of investigation disclosed Monday that Agents William Arthur and A. G. Haight captured Stanley Fifer. 27, wanted at Paris, Mo., for breaking jail, at Cedar Falls Saturday. Day in Congress By ASSOCIATED PRESS. Senate: Debates park development bill. Lobby committee studies influences directed at legislation. Judiciary committee considers nomination of Edwin R. Holmes of Mississippi for circuit bench. House: Takes up impeachment proceedings against U. S. Judge Halstead L. Ritter of Florida. Appropriations committee meets on regular departmental supply bills. CHICAGO KEEPS EYES ON CLOCK Transacts,.._ I ts, v First Business Under Eastern Standard Time. CHICAGO, (2P--Five million residents of the Chicago area became clock watchers Monday as the nation's second city transacted its first in- business under eastern standard time. Reaction embraced confusion terest, approval and opposition.' The vast majority of institutions ---including stores, commercial establishments, industrial plants, fire, police and postal departments, schools, the stock exchange and banks--had their first test of "fast time." But in a few instances even the clocks were in conflict. The stockyards, some of the packers and through trains operated on central standard time. The opening gong at the Chicago board of trade sounded at 10:30 a. m.--an hour later than usual. Courts and surburban trains advanced their schedules an hour. Two circuit judges ordered their bailiffs to call cases under both new and old times to avoid possible legal technicalities. Many of the suburbs set timepieces ahead an hour Sunday, when the change ordained by the Chicago council was effected. Some others didn't. The Chicago federation of labor reiterated its disapproval of the new order. Officials announced after a meeting they would seek to obtain 1,000,000 signatures on petitions for a referendum on the time change at the Nov. 3 election. I SUPREME COURT DENIES PLEA TO RECONSIDER TVA Decides 19 Cases; May Prolong Session for New Deal Cases. WASHINGTON, (.T)--Refusing to reconsider its recent TVA decision, the supreme court disposed of 19 cases Monday. A ruling on an anti-trust suit against the sugar institute was deferred at least a week. A succession 01" unanimous rulings settled questions that had bc-en at issue in several of states. None dealt with new deal policies, but more arguments over these were in the offing. It was learned the justices were willing to prolong their session in June, if it would mean quicker action on matters involving Roosevelt policies. Important fo States. Cases decided Monday were more important to states and individuals than in a national sense. The law empowering states to control the sale within their borders of prison made goods brought in from outside was found constitutional. A California franchise tax on the interstate and foreign business of steamship companies was held constitutional. The court ruled that the West Virginia chain store tax applies to .filling stations 'leased ..by.-...refining, companies. Since congress has repealed the Bankhaed cotton production control act, the court dismissed an attack against the legislation filed in behalf of Gov. Eugene Talmadge of Georgia. Attorneys for Georgia asked the dismissal by letter. Oregon Is Upheld. In an unanimous opinion by Justice Cardozo, the tribunal affirmed that Oregon was not taking more than its share of water from the Walla Walla river. Washington state had sought to restrict the amount taken. The right of a state agency to fix a depreciation rate on the property of an interstate utility company was upheld. Another ruling was that federal taxes on gains resulting from sale of real estate purchased under option must be assessed on the basis that the property was acquired when paid for and the title transferred, and not when the option was given. Tax Ruled Valid. Also considered valid was the 1933 Washington occupation tax, assessed for the privilege of engaging in business activities within the state. Officials of 10 states lost their plea that the court reconsider its unanimous decision of Feb. 3 invalidating a 1932 Louisiana law applying to building and loan associations. The law limited immediate payments to withdrawing members of mutual building and loan associations. Texas, Indiana. Illinois. Iowa, Kansas, Missouri. North Carolina, Oklahoma, Wisconsin and Louisiana asked the rehearing. Robert L. Ripley Is Refused Permission for Visit to Russia NEW YORK, C3--The American said Monday that Robert L. Ripley, newspaper cartoonist, has been refused permission by the soviet government to visit Russia on a projected round-the-world trip. Ripley was quoted as saying that he had been informed unofficially but authoritatively that the refusal was motivated by a radio speech he made here last April on conditions in Russia as he saw them on a previous trip. In that speech the American said Ripley attributed the death of 4,000,000 peasants by starvation in the Ukraine and North Caucasus to the soviet government and called the country a "gigantic poorhousc." Dodges to Escape Bullet; Neck Broken DALLAS, Tex., (.T)--A Negro shot at Leonard Bowser, 21, saw him dodge to one side, then fall dead. Examination failed to disclose a bullet wound. Physicians said Bnw- announcing: scr's neck broke when he ducked, i Countess Open Long Distance Television-Telephone Service in Germany BERLIN. (.T)--Germany opened to the public Monday the first long distance television-telephone service in the world.. The line, linking Berlin and Leipzig, was inaugurated by the German postal ministry in connection with the opening of the Leipzig spring fair Sunday. Recognizable images, somewhat like those of early motion pictures, appeared on an eight inch square surface during conversation over the cable which is used, instead of wireless, to insure privacy. The public tariff for three min ON THE INSIDE Italian Armies Drive Deeper Into Ethiopia ON PAGE 2 Byers Gives Basis of Japan's Terror Reign ON PAGE t Marble Rock Store Is Badly Damaged by Fire ON PAGE 16 Snow Clearance Costs for Iowa in Millions ON PAGE 5 Leaders Study Choice of New Japan Premier - - Â· 2 "New Deal" Councilmen Attend Final Meeting ON PAGE 12 ALBIA ENTERS TOURNEY FINAL Dixon Sinks Free Throw to Give Pirates Thrilling Victory Beaten back twice during the season by Burling'ton's Blackhawks, Albia's Pirates stunned their neighbor city's cagers Monday afternoon by earning a 27 to 26 semifinal victory in the state junior college basketball tournament here. Clarence Dixon, midget guard who limped out of the game in the first quarter with an injured foot, came back into the lineup to sink the free throw that won in the last minute of play. Albia had led, 11 to 5. at the end of the first quarter, while Burlington, holding the Pirates to a single goal in the second period, led 15 to 13 at the half. A bitter, rough third- quarter fight saw the count knotted at 22 to 22 as the session closed. Jim Keller and John Cardie scored for Burlingon in (he last quarter, while Nick Miletich and Wayne Reeves evened the count for Aloia. Dixon's free throw settled the issue, although Miletich shot another, which was rubbed out as he stepped over the line, before the end. Iowa Junior Chamber to Meet April 17-18 DAVENPORT, (,T--Dates for the annual convention of the Iowa junior Chamber of Commerce here have beet set for April 17 and IS. A bid for the 1937 convention has been extended by Council Bluffs. utcs of visible talk was set at S1.-10. I his home. Probe Fata] Shooting. DES MOINES. (.T)--Authorities continued an investigation of the fatal shooting of Dan Sanchez. Valley Junction Mexican, who was found on a blood soaked mattress in Report Countess Barbara Regarded Out of Danger LONDON. (JT)--Countess Haug- witz-Reventlow. the former Barbara Hutton, who fell gravely ill af- condition continues to mend and the patient may now be regarded as out of danger." ter the birth of her first child last Operated upon last Thursday night week, rallied Monday and emerged i for symptoms of an abdominal ob- from danger. istruction after the delivery of her Her physicians issued a bulletin j son Tuesday, the Woohvorth heir; ess was understood to have passed n Haugwitz-Revcntlow's ; crisis yesterday STRIKE SPREADS S1FTLY TO ALL Mayor Has City Operate Elevators in Tall Apartments. By TOM HAGENBUCH Associated Press Staff Writer. NEW YORK, (!P--A swiftly spreading strike of building em- ployes plagued all sections of Manhattan Monday as Mayor LaGuar- dia, proclaiming an emergency, ordered the city to operate elevators in high apartment houses. The mayor's proclamation came shortly after the walkout movement swept the congested garment district on the midtown westside and reached into the Wall street financial area. Mayor LaGuardia announced that in order to protect the health and safety of New Yorkers, the city, would take over operation of elevators in all residential buildings more than six stories tall. Ask for Co-Operation. He called upon citizens to cooperate with city officials "in maintaining the public health and in protecting life." The strike reached Wall street, last area in Manhattan to be affected, early Monday afternoon. Officials of the building service em- ployes union announced that elevator operators at 40-44 Wall street, a 65 story building, left their posts. The strike began abruptly Sunday in the Bronx and upper west side of Manhattan. The first sector affected Monday was the swank - upper eastside. -Then,- in swift succession! followed the midtowri: "business "dis*" tricts. .-Â·Â·-Â· Contrasting Pictures. Union officials and representatives of building operators gave contrasting pictures concerning the seriousness of the walkout. As fast as a new front on the strike area was reached, agreements were effected between the union and building owners. William Rawlins, representative of the realty operators, emphasized that replacement workers were taking over as fast as union workers quit their jobs. Confusion followed the invasion of the strike into the garment district. Strategically, it came during the luncheon period, and lobbies of buildings were crowded with men and women returning from their meals. Press Buzzers Vainly. Vainly, they pressed buzzers for elevators to carry them aloft to their offices and shops. Making strenuous efforts to end the strike, Mayor LaGuardia called union representatives into his chambers, then announced he had called a meeting in his offices late today of union officials and the realty advisory board. Promised Closed Shop. James J. Bambrick, strike leader, announced agreements rapidly were being signed with building owners for restoration of workers. Elevator men, janitors and other employes were ordered out of all buildings north of 14th street by Bambrick, president of thtv Building Service Employes' union. Shortly afterward, however, he announced that the Metropolitan Association of Building- Owners, representing 110 apartment houses on swank Park avenue and the upper west side had agreed to the union terms. Men in those buildings went back to work at once, promised a $2 weekly increase, a closed shop, and 48 hour week. Hotel Workers May Join. Possibility of hotel workers joining the strike threatened. Bambrick said he had received a telegram from Chris Holihan, head of the hotel workers union, declaring that members of the organization were prepared to walk out in several of the city's large hotels. Rawlins declared that the realty board would not consider mediation. "We will not meet one of their demand?." he said. "The demands, if fulfilled, would increase labor costs 300 per cent to realty owners." In the Upper East Side are located many swank hotels, apartment dwellings and clubs. Some of the town notables live there, including Mayor LaGuardia. Governor Lehman. Bainbridpe Colby. Felix Wnr- | burg, Walter P. Chrysler Jr., and Jesse Isidor Straus, U. S. ambassador to France. Byrd Deflates Wisecrack MODESTO, Cal., (UP)--"Did you acquire your southern accent at the South Pole?" was the question asked Admiral Byrd on the occasion I of his lecture here. "Virginia, suh!'' i was the reply.