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FEBRUARY 17 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE (Eitu A Lee Syndicate Newspaper * Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 WILL. F. MUSE Editor W. EARL HALL .Managing Editor LEE-P. LOOM.IS Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also al local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Daily, per year '. $7.00 Daily, per week 15 Outside of Mason City nnd Clear Lnl;o ^ Daily, per year by carrier $7.00 Daily, per, week by carrier .1 Daily, per year by mail 4.00 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months.... 53.25 3 months 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter Wedded lovo is founded on esteem. --ELIJAH FENTON. 1) NO, LET'S GO AHEAD WITH IT, J"pHE newspaper sponsor of the projected investigation at the University of Iowa has made a strange proposal. While claiming evidence that damns eternally the institution's administrative officers, there is an offer to "call everything off." Here is the proposition: "It (the Cedar Rapids Gazette) agrees right now, subject to the approval of the legislative committee appointed only last Friday, to call off its investigation, its detectives, its reporters and its managing editor- but only on one condition. That condition is a few resignations, those of the following men: "Walter A. Jessup, president of the university; W. ,T. McChesney, treasurer; W. H. Bates, secretary; W. H. Cobb, auditor; Frank Humeston, purchasing officer; Charles M. Dutcher, special attorney; J. M. Fisk, su- - perintendent of grounds and buildings; W. R. Boy.d, chairman of the finance committee of the. state board of education; W. H. Gemmill, secretary of the board." George T. Baker, president of the state board, must go loo "unless he can show that during the years of his service on the board he has had no knowledge of the tactics, methods, policies and general administrative deportment of all the others named." There's a reference to "certain other lesser lights and employes who, of course, will be named as the investigation proceeds." But obviously if all of these others resign, the investigation will not proceed and the "lesser lights" will not lose their positions. This is an extremely interesting offer. But we doubt If it would satisfy anybody oilier than the resigning officials and the persons who have, conducted the so- called investigation up to this point. If President Jessup and his comrades in the administration have committed .crimes hRuiiiÂ«renoug2i to make them see the wisdom of quitting their posts under fire, certainly the taxpayers of Iowa are entitled to know what those crimes are. If money has been misappropriated, steps to compel restitution should be taken at once. Would anyone wish to close that door? And who else would tolerate the continuance of a state board of education president who for a score of years or so has been totally unacquainted with the first rudiments of his position? Such a man would be utterly unfitted to hold this or any other position of public trust. While it might tickle some individual vanities to have the university's administrative officers move out bag and baggage, we doubt whether it xvould satisfy the investigating committee or anybody else possessed of a sincere desire to know exactly what's behind the accusations that have been made. The suggestion- is about as ill-conceived as anything that has gone into the crusade against the university up to this time. And that's saying a lot. No, let's not call off anything. Let's have a peek at that enormously sensational evidence against the university heads which is supposed to be held for safekeeping in a Cedar Rapids vault. In short, let's move forward to a showdown. Let the objective he "clear or condemn." ities ami states, especially the latter, must bear a large share of the cost. Such colossal costs can come from only one source in the end--the people themselves Taxpayers want reduced taxes, as well as fewe crossings. The two desires are incompatible. Man's re sources and ingenuity do not stretch so far as that The choice given the motoring and tax-paying pviblii is to pay higher taxes or railroad rates and eliminat the grade crossings, or keep down taxes, rates and speed at crossings. AN UNNATURAL LAW? A TAX on tamed income is an effort to equaliz men by law in defiance of nature, says Otto Lang of Dubuque in a postcard relayed from Waterloo. J that be true, this federal government of ours wil certainly have something for which lo answer some time. ' CONCLUSIVE PROOF IG BILL'S display of the halter that he claims hi doesn't wear reminds one of the man who cami back from Africa with the story that he cut a lion' head off with his hunting knife. He brot his hunting knife back with him to prove it. OTHER EDITORS NOW JOHN BULL TRIES HIS HAND Â·pvNGLAND is having a go at mediation between Italy and France over their naval differences. It will be recalled that the United States tried it last summer and fall, without result. Rumors that the British effort also has failed have been denied by the American state department, which said that the negotiations are continuing. Britain and this country have an acute interest in this settlement, because if it fails the London naval limitation may be destroyed. If France starts to build on a scale big enough to alarm the British, the treaty will be wrecked by the use of-the. "escalator clause" which permits her to terminate the agreement if a third power threatens her security. So far neither side has apparently budged an inch. Itsiy still sticks to her demand for naval parity with France, which the French as firmly refuse. Both sides within a few weeks have announced enlarged naval huiMing programs. Thq conflict is a bad augury for the league of nations disarmament conference which meets next year, as such a tense issue left open between two of the major powers will almost certainly prevent any progress. NO SOLUTIONlN SIGHT Â·jyjO MORE dangerous or costly development has ** come upon the United States than that of the railroad crossing at grade. The word "development" is used advisedly, because the grade crossing was not so serious a menace in the days of horse-drawn vehicles. It is difficult, or in any case inconvenient and distasteful, for motorists to slow up frequently. The urge is to keep on going, and the price paid at railroad crossings is a heavy one in life itself. Here is an ugly situation to be met, and with no inexpensive solution. Most of the highways were ojfcned at grade over the railroads, not the railroads over the highways. So it is right and proper for the taxpayers to bear the larger share of the burden of elimination. The railroads alnne' cannot separate these levels. One company's lines are crossed by public highways twelve thousand limes, and it would cost half a. billion dollars to effect the separation. Clearly, the municipal- THE REAL ISSUE IN MUSCLE SHOALS jVutionul Chamber of Commerce Bulletin: There is no more convincing proof of the resourcefulness and progressive spirit of American initiative and the value of keeping every industrial field open to private enterprise than the chapter telling of the develop meut of the nitrogen industry. And this chapter has been written while private enterprise was under threat of government competition during the years congress has been debating proposals for government operation of Muscle Shoals. At the. beginning of the World war the United States' imports of nitrogen from Chile were approximately four times our own production of nitrogen We were so vitally dependent upcm these imports that special military measures were taken to protect their continuation. In 1929, nitrogen production in the United States, from private plants, considerably exceeded imports and would have been sufficient, in time of need, to meet the necessary requirements of the country. By January, 1932, it is estimated that domestic production by private enterprise will exceed consumption. In private American plants nitrogen fixation has been developed during the last 10 years' thru the use of processes which do not require large amounts of Jlectric power as was the case at the time the Muscle Shoals plant was built. The processes, today are jased upon use of coal. Coal is used for the production of synthetic ammonia. The first commercial synthetic ammonia plant fixing nitrogen from the air started operation in 1921, at Syracuse, New York. Today, there are already operating eight plants, anc] another plant is under construction for operation fn L931. These nine plants have a total capacity of over 250,000 ton.?, which is nearly twice cur military requirements /or the World war. If w,e add to this the yield of by-product coke plants, we have in the United States, capacity for the nation's every requirement-- ind these capacities can be doubled or trebled at any Mine on three to six months' notice. This astonishing development in the nitrogen industry has been a part of the advance in American ndustrial chemistry in the years since the war. There never has been a greater demonstration of the advantages to the public of private initiative. Prior :o the war, about 90 per cent of our dye requirements :ame from Germany. Today we not only supply over )0 per cent of our domestic requirements but have jecome one of the greatest exporters of dyes in the world. Since 1921, synthetic dyes increased from 39 million pounds to 111 million pounds, but because of scientific and engineering- improvements in production iverage prices dropped from 82 cents a pound in 1921 to 43 cents a pound in 1929. In the field of fuels, during the war, a yield of 25 per cent of crude oil for gasoline was considered air. Modern cracking processes give an average yield ;oday of 40-per cent, and with adequate markets for rasoline, the percentage can be expanded to 65 per ent or more. The latest addition to this technology s hydrogenation of crude oil which performs the ap- )arent miracle of producing more than 100 gallons if gasoline out of 100 gallons of crude. In view of this remarkable progress in the chemical ndustries, the plants at Muscle Shoals, notwithstand- ng their vast cost, have become economically obsolete. Their disposition by any private industry would be mmistakably indicated. They would be immediately iquidated on the best terms possible. In the recent referendum on national water power policies, the membership of the National Chamber put ts seal of approval on the proposal that: "The MuScle ihoals project should be sold or leased as is on the iest possible terms." LOVE ON THE KADIO Â·Tofferson Bee: About half the stuff one gets over the radio is of the nature of pukey truck about being in love. One of the worst offenders in these sort of programs is Rudy Vallee, the crooner, who seems to be able to dig up sickening poetry of the puppy love type by the carload. And then he "croons" it whatever "crooning" is. The nearest thing we can imagine that crooning" imitates is the whine of a dog just outside the north door, when it is blowing a "ale and the thermometer is 20 below zero. Still--we "give it to" Rudy for developing something radio broadcasting- companies seem to hold a hallucination that there is a demand for, and who pay him a big price for his whining. Who was it, the other day said Rudy was 'born with a silver croon in his mouth?" Not so bad, not. so bad. HITTING AND RUNNING Ot'tumwu Courier: "The lowest type of human animal, is the way in which Governor Roosevelt of New York describes the hit-and-run driver He deserves no sympathy at the hands of the law the governor adds. The question is, has the hit-and-run driver risen high enough in the biological scale to be called an animal at all? Not to mention a human animal. It is doubtful whether he would be admissible to any museum of natural history so far established in civilized countries. The states may have to fit up a special institution to accommodate such specimens of him as are brot in for exhibition and treatment. niOSKS' REMARK Â· C'harlos City I'ress: Those better-than-thou senators from the west are doing all they can to prove all that Senator Moses said about them. They should also realine that people are not all fools and that on all such plain questions on which they are antagonizing the president their every knock is a boost. Stand by the president. OPEN' SEASON? Lnvnnic News: We see where they turned the son of a bishop loose, finding him not guilty of killing a printer. Of course he did the job all right, but the jury decided that it was no crime. We have been aware of that fact for a long time, but certainly hope that some of our friends around here do not get hep to the fact. THE OLD HOME TOWN . Â· . . . . . By Stanley CLAY, Yo OF THEM POST CARDS HEISE THE STOVE BEFORE VoQ STAfeT OUT-ONE OF THE BOYS ON f5.OLJTE Foufe WENT JN THE DTCH TVJICE NAIEEK -WHILE TRYJAJ^ TO READ THE POTTER FAMILY CARDS, AND DR\VE AT THE SAME TIME THE POTTERS ARE ABOUT THE POOREST IN THE C O U N T Y - 1 V E SET 'z. UP MANV MSKT Â·"To PEAD THEIR EM PRETTY GOOD SEEMS TO BE NOTHING THAT CAM BE DONE-^TO MAKE OUR _ . _ _ wofeK. ANY EASIER- DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. 1). Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clenilcnini; cannot dla^no^c. or g[ve personal answers E n [niters from readers. When oue.itEniis arc of KOneral interest. However, they will bo taken lip, in order. In the daily column. Address ycinr queries to Dr. Lo^an Clcmlenlne. cure of Tire Globe-Gaulle. Write leclbly and not more than 200 words. F'HYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF TOBACCO Â·\JTHEN people ask--"Does tobacco do you any W harm?" the question cannot he answered simply "yes" or "no." It must be analyzed. Does it mean "will the use of tobacco shorten the life?" The answer to that in most instances is decidedly NO. In view of the widespread use of tobacco among women today, part oÂ£ the question must be put this way: "Does the use of tobacco by the mother have any influence on the health of children?" The answer here is without any reservations, "no." "Does it have any effect on the reproductive functions at all--number of children, etc.?" The answer again is "no." The evidence for these statements will be given in later articles this week. "Does tobacco cause any dis- J ease?" Not any definite organic disease. If the tissues of a tobacco us- Dr. Clenileninc ing person are put under the micro- icope they cannot be distinguished from normal tissues. Well, what does it do? It causes some physiological or functional changes. What do we mean by that? We mean that it causes a change in the method or rate by which different organs perform their func- :ions, but no change in the structure of those organs. For instance, it changes the rate of the pulse. But it does not change the muscle fibers of the heart, o rtlie nerve cells that control the heart rate. Its main actions, according to its worst enemies, are excited in the circulatory system, the nervous system and the digestive system. So far as the circulatory effect is concerned, besides the increase in pulse rate (which may he very small--not more than five or 30 beats a minute) there s a moderate rise in blood pressure--5 to 20 points. Phis, however, is variable. Aikman examined 37 men and got a ri.se of blood pressure in five and a fall in 12 from smoking one cigaret. When certain heart diseases are present--especially heart pain or angina pectoris--this effect may. bring on an attack, and most angina patients give up tobacco. Palpitation of the heart--or consciousness of heart action--may be induced by excessive smoking. The cause of the palpitation is usually an irregularity of ho heart, due to a dropped heat--the condition is .echnically. called oxtnisystoles. But in people over 50 years old this is so common as to be unimportant. It occurs in non-smokers as well as smokers. It is never serious and never results in heart failure or death. Tobacco heart, if there is any such thing, is prob- ibly this form of palpitation. The question of the use of tobacco during training "or athletic contests is thus treated by Mendenhall n his excellent little book, "Tobacco," published by he Harvard University Press: "Even in the use of moderate amounts, whenever :here is an unusual strain put upon the circulatory system, as in the stress of an athletic contest, the ndividual may become breathless from this exertion. The heart is apparently less efficient in periods of Â·strain. For that reason it is common practice among :oaches of athletic teams to forbid the use of tobacco luring the training period." EARLIER DAYS n Dally C'ompl "Twenty Years i nf Inlrrrsllti; ri[CH of the Gin Â· KKit. n, ion A Susan B. Anthony program was given last evening by the Suffrage club, which met with Mrs. John D. Glass on East Ninth street. The attendance was good and the interest in the meeting was sufficient to make it a most successful one. Wednesday celebrated the ninety-first birthday anniversary of the author and the club meeting on Tuesday made it possible to celebrate her birthday Tuesday evening. Some verse or thot from the author was given as a response to roll call and a most delightful paper on the life and works of Susan Anthony was read by Mrs. C. H Stearns. A picture of the author was hung in her honor and also a companion picture of Emma Shaw a lifelong friend. At the meeting last evening a communication from the corresponding secretary at De Moines was read regarding the state work and it was decided that this club should hold a rummage sale some time in the near future to assist in this work Refreshments were served. The big English ivy which has graced the front of the tailor shop of H. Shipman, South Main street, wn.s torn from the wall yesterday for repairs to the building. That ivy is the oldest house plant in Mason City so far as known having attained the age of 3fj years. It has grown very rapidly and has practically covered one side of the building. A letter from the hospital at Iowa City received by the parents of Marshall Palmer is to the effect that the patient who has been there under treatment for some time is rapidly improving. Tuesday he was able to sit up in bed without support to his back and he is getting normal control of his limbs as well. He is gaining in weight. The friends of the young man here are very much elated over the progress he is making-, Miss S. Ada Hall, pastor of the Free Methodist church, who has been ill at the home of friends in Estherville, has returned to her home here. Meetings are in progress at her church and she is anxious to engage actively in them, tho her assistants are very able. Paul Prelin, the local wrestler, was again heralded winner in his match with Otto Ottoson of Crystal Lake, Minn., at the Bijou theater last night. This was the stellar event of several mat and manly art con- testa. Prehn appeared faster than in former matches and gained three falls in the speedy time of 17 minutes, 3 minutes and 20 seconds, and 4 minutes flat. Ottoson xvas some heavier than the local pride but fell an easy victim to the speed and skill of Max Gorman's wrestling find. YOUR'E THE JUDGE Tirr; ONK MINUTE PULPIT--i marvel that ye arc so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel. Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.--Galatians i, 6, 7. "Â·jARIUS BLEI5SE had been teaching school in the J town of Hippsville for several years. During all this ime Darius Bieese nad been under contract. But at ast the contract expired and it became necessary to enew it. He announced himself to the board of edu- ation as being willing to renew it under the same onditions and salary, but for some reason the board vaded him and at last plainly told Mr. Bleese that it ould not re-employ him. This nettled Bleese greatly. He looked about him for the cause of this dismissal ind at last learned that Mr. Dipps and six other vil- agers had gotten up a petition against him and in- luccd n. sufficient number to sign it so as to influence he village hoard. Blcese sued Dippn and the six. Him 1 would ynu decide this case? Make up .your miml before you road thn derision. Tlii i i f c l M n n : The r.oitrl held aKim.it Hleesc. The- JudKc.i rca.soniMl t h u s : Where an nctlon fa hrol ni;ainM I n , , or more II is n t i : e n n r y In sue on Hie J'nnl a c t i o n of a l l . A r.on.ipirftcy trm.ir he e.itah- Inhr-il. Here seven were sued, bin only Â» n action acalnil rlnnÂ« was presented. (cjh.vrlcllll K D U A I t A . i U K S T WEDDING PLANS It's all planned and settled. They'll be married very soon. I think that Ma's decided on an early day in June, And I chuckle as I watch her in her most efficient way Already giving orders for that coining wedding day; At the slightest provocation into action mother springs And it's plain to everybody that she's taken hold of things! When I whisper: "Ma, remember, you have had your wedding day And perhaps these happy youngsters feel they'd like a word to say." She replies: "I'm only helping with my counsel and advice. Only just a little anxious to have everything that's nice; And they're both so young and loving -- they prefer to bill and coo While I plan their wedding for them -- It's a job I like % to do!" Well, I'm sitting by and watching-, and I chuckle to myself As Ma tells what pots and skillets shall fill up the pantry shelf. And I chuckle as she tells them just what f u r n i t u r e to buy Or just what extra pieces friends and kinsfolk may . supply. When that little home is finished it will be the dwelling grand Which the bride's devoted mother has for ages dreamed and planned. And the more I think abrmt it all the more I'm moved to say That a mother's best adventure is her daughter's wedding iny. From the coming of the baby, thru the journey of the years She is planning for the moment when the groom-to-be appears. And I h c m i n u t e things arc settled, till tho hour the church bell rings, It's a mother's blessed privilege to take command of things. (J. Where is the largest steel curtain in tlio country? W. D. A. At Convention hall. Atlantic City. It is 108 feet in width, and is a steel frame covered with asbestos cloth. Next is the one at the Ala- mac Temple in Los Angeles, covering- 104 feet. Solid steel curtains are not generally used or required except in Chicago where there is one 73 feet in width at the Granada theater. Q. At Rolf, nrÂ« "winter rules" played only in tho winter? ,J. B. C.[ A. A greens committee may post the .sign, "Play Winter Rules" at any time when in the judgment of the committee it is advisable to require the improving of lies thru the fairways in order to protect the course as much as possible from damage. Usually, however, playing winter rules comes in the winter or early spring when ground conditions are at their worst. Q. Should a flue; ever be USIM! us a table cover'. 1 C. C. A. No. Q. What is tho amount of missionary money paid into the respective treasuries of the different l(,-nomlnÂ«tions? ,J. A. S. A. The total amount expended in foreign missions according to the Federal Council of Church's year book for 1024 (latest figures available} was $40,777.401 foreign missions, exclusive of Latin America. The number of missionaries was 12,385 with a native staff of helpers of 63,103. In Latin America there were 2,127 United States missionaries, with 2,084 native helpers. Q. When did vaccination against smallpox begin? F. K. A. About 179G. Q. When was tliR first life insurance policy issued? N. G. A. The earliest policy of which anything definite is known was issued in 1583 in London, insuring the life of William Gybbons for a twelve month. This policy was underwritten by 13 persons acting individually nnd the premium was ?80 a thousand. BO-BROADWAY 1UEW YORK, Feb. ] 7.--The other* 1" afternoon a reporter dropped into the Ziegfeld theater. Flo, himself, was sitting- in an aisle seat, alone in the gloom, his falcon-glance trained on the lighted stage across which, one by one, pirouetted a number of girls aged from 1G up, all unknown to fame. There they were, face to face with The One Big Chance--The Follies '.o shoot at, and Flo Ziegfeld, in icrson, to lamp their possibilities. The answer to it. all lies in the query: "What price, glory?" For the Old Glorifjer who, a.11 these years, has been glorifying for the sheer glory of the thing, is about to reef his sails. "It's become too expensive," he says, with a rueful shake of his tiead. "You can't make money with .Â·Â·15,000-a-weck stars. It can't !be done. So I'm digging up some ki'ds. I H try to give 'cm good material to work with and see what happens " * *: * MO SIGN OF DECAY--Single box- II seat for the opening night of Deems Taylor's new opera, at the Metropolitan, cost ?150 each. Ordinary seats in the auditorium sold for $50 and $75. If you want to see "Grand Hotel,' the hit of the season, you have to pay $22 a , pair for seats down front. A man called up an agency the other night to get a couple of seats for the play called "Tomomnv and Tomorrow"--enjoying a successful run. There were no seats to be had at the box office. He had to pay $12 for two seats in the ninth row --the box office price printed on the stubs, $3.85. And a lot of people still naivels inquire: "What's the matter with the theater?" * Â« * /"Â·OLDEN RULE--Jed Harris, play ^ producer, who made more than $2,000,000 in less than two years on an original outlay of .? 11,000, has this to say of the show business: "There's only one thing wrong With the theater business, and that s the managers. Time and again .hey have proved themselves as im- jecile a group of businessmen as ever got together. They have shown themselves as incapable of coping with the simplest problems--how :an you expect me to have faith in .heir ability to cope with one of the "ggost problems In the theater today? "They tell us the theater is in a bad way. That's the bunk. They produce rotten plays and then wonder why they have failures. Any time you give the public their money's worth they will flock to your door." * A *: G OOD BUSINESS--It cost Harris $11,000 to produce "Broadway." It netted him ?1,300,000. "Coquet" cost ?10,000; it netted half a million. "The Royal Family" made $400,000 on an outlay of ?30,000. "The Front Page" cleared $350,000 on an expenditure of 515,000. "And In the face of that," says Harris, "we hear that the theater business is a bad business. It's a marvelous business, if the managers weren't so hopelessly incompetent." THE EDITORS MAIL BAG COMING NEAUER HOME. MASON CITY, Feb. 17. -- It wasn't so long ago that we hcarci about communism in Russia, a rather far-off country of economic distress. In more recent years we heard of it in the United States at Washington, New York and Indiana. Of still more recent date we find communists in, organized parties in our neighbor state ,,Utcb,- j *o'2s*t:liuiv- takes on the color of anothor horse. At that rate it may be tomorrow or day after that we will find them in our own state, principal cities and all but treading on our toes. That is, unless we can show those com- munislically minded that Americans differ from Russians, and others, in no small way; that Americans have made America what It is today by trying- to forge ahead of the next one, to make just a little more and .o be just a little better. It !g not .he fault of the United States that Russia is in the condition that she s. If she would pattern after us she could Import able men to bring ier up to our level--not export thoae vho would drag us down to theirs. f the Soviets would clean up their ystem (in more than 10 ways) they vouldn't have time to rehash a country that seems to be getting- ilong. There is no comparison be- .wecn Communism and Democracy. Lenin and Lincoln, Rasputin antl ?ood home-grown respberrieg. If lussia is a classic example of com- nunism we'd rather not, thank 'on. When we arc avid for a Soviet ve'll have It. Until that time--lav off! J MARJORIE MITCHELL. Who's Who and Timely Views DISARMAMENT DEPENDENT ON PEOPLE By ARTHUR HENDERSON" Foreign Secretary, Great lirituin -, Â»' -- ,, ,,,, , " "" m "" "' llc wn " offU-ial piuiulons In connection wllli t h e Trade IJnlorTrno' u t rsfi\v[:a.-uie. having; licc;i previously a m e m t j r r nr (hi ,.i,,, ,. ~ -'*" magistrate. County of D u r h a m , from ms 1910 an, 10 *g??T ' "" w " 5 U U r a the, r.irllumcntnry Labor p a r t y n m i later n c r r e l n r J o f i!,," ? i ' lV ' is cl " llr man nr wnÂ» mn.lc president nf llii. boiinl ut o . l u r a t l o n n ' u l navm.lt.r T a r l y ' '" ""Â·Â·' "Â« a. m e m b e r of the war cabinet. In 1921 he was n n m Â£ ^ TM ? ^ Bf 1 " 8 TM 1 '" 19I(1 - Â»Â· Â«TMÂ« f r n m e n l . He liti.i been secretary nf Male for for" Â« ,, Â« f ? Â« ? r , *Pn , n ", rst r - atw K" v " yrara )le iv.in Ciller ii-ftlp of din J.nDor r a r l y . h " Â«'TMl" l"ce .1B20. For nciT/a; AT THE disarmament conference Â» Â· Â· next February, as elsewhere-I say this is as an old political land--the governments will do what the peoples want. If the peoples want disarmament they can have It. If they will exert their will they can compel results. Everything now depends upon how t h e governments c o m p l e t e t h e framework which t h e preparatory commission h a a drawn up and up- A r l h u r Henderson o n t h e f i g u r e s vhich the governments insert. Will those figures mean an in- :rcasc in the armaments they are now maintaining? What a disaster hat would be! Will they mean mere imitation at the now existing level? What a. disappointment to the riends of peace! Or will they mean eal reduction and real diminution in he unproductive military burdens vhich the peoples bear? Will the onferencc mean n genuine start or vill it bn Â« sham ? What tlio fig- rc.s will be will depend upon public 'pinion. The ncxL war will not he like the last. It will be incomparably worse M,*F'- eat ,,. mi i 1Ury ex P crL hns s Â«ii Uiat in the last war we were kiil- *?Â» T Â·? tai '- bllt n e x t U m Â« we AhRlj do it wholesale. The next war it a should ever come, will be fought by aircraft and by aircraft using- poison gas. Every year our air force carries out maneuvers over London. Have you ever thot what those maneuvers mean? They mean that our staff, like every other staff, is now expecting that the operations of the next war will be air attacks against great centers of industry and civilian populations. It is useless for us to protest that such warfare would be an international crime. We have surely learned it is beyond our power to humanize the conduct of modern war. Once war begins, no man and no government can control it. Europe today is as full of d i f f i cult political problems as it was five years ago when the Locarno treaties were signed. I say as the foreign minister of a great European power that it is in disarmament that thn key of peaceful solutions to those problems can be found. This is not merely a matter of legal obligation or of economic or political advantage; it is a matter that goes tn thÂ» very root of all that, makes h u m a n life and human effort worth while.