The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 23, 1933 · Page 3
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December 23, 1933

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Saturday, December 23, 1933
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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1933 A1ASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE 4 LEE S Y N D I C A T E NKH'SPAPER Issued Every weex Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY ^i-123 But State Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS^--The Associated Press i3 exclusively entitled to the uso for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also all local newa published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City ant] Clear L^K%, Mason city and Clear Lake, by the year $7.(JO by the weell ~ S .15 OUTSIDE MASON CITY A.MD Ul.ti.VlJ LAKH t j er year by carrier .... $7.CU Dy mall 6 monuia 52.00 Per week by carrier .... S IS 3y mall 3 months 51.Ou Per year by mail Si.QU By mall 1 montb .......... $ -u OUTSIDE 10D Mli*E ZOXa fer year $Q.uo six tiontlu ...S3.CO Thrca oionlni.-Sl-Su WORDS OF WISDOM The prosperous can not easily form u right idea of misery. --Quintiliuii. THE WAY TO TREAT LEWIS XX/HAT jolly sport it would be.to hand Sinclair Lewis a real thumping! Ever since the former Sauk Center, Minn., "genius" won the Nozel prize in literature, he has persisted in publicly exposing bad manners, until he is dangerously near the borderline of a boorish roughneck, Lewis was one of the guests of honor at a banquet in New York Monday night, honoring the memory of Alfred Nobel, the father of the Nobel foundation. Together with'Dr. Einstein, Dr. Irving Langmuir, and Frank B. Kellogg, all Nobel prize winners, he was being photographed when he broke in with this contribution : "This 13 the first banquet I have attended in five years, and I don't see why in hell I should have to stand up and be photographed." With that, the novelist took himself off_ to his hotel room in high dudgeon, absented himself from the banquet during the serving of two courses, brought deep embarrassment to the officers in charge of the affair, as well as the guests present, and compelled them to visit him at his hotel and plead with him to return, which be did after exacting a. promise of an apology from the photographer. It is a trifle wearying for a man of the prominence of Lewis to run the gauntlet of a battery of cameras, and it is possible to imagine there are people to whom the publicity and the unwelcome attention of crowds are distasteful. It is difficult, however, to believe that Lewis is troubled because of this. The first impulse would be to spank him as a spoiled child. People have to put up with inconvenience and annoyance and they should do it patiently and sweetly, just as Mr. Lewis' associates did Monday night. v'But-instead of becoming perturbed over his ~cOii'iiuet r instead of :pernntting.him,tg !: hu.miliate and annoy others,'it is regrettable~that those in charge of the banquet did not allow Mr. Lewis to miss his dinner and the plaudits of an admiring company of worshippers, and to remain in his hotel room in solitary grandeur. Would Sinclair Lewis have been mad! SPAIN PROGRESSES PREMIER ALEJANDRO LERPvOUX of Spain is acting not only wisely but justly in agreeing to the repeal of the laws recently enacted in that country that the Catholics considered in- terferred with their religious views and worship. In announcing his willingness to recognize the request of the Catholic people of Spain, the premier of that country recognizes that in a republic the will of the people must govern. The present Spanish administration suffered defeats in many localities in Spain because of the anti-Catholic legislation. In discussing the result of the election Premier Lerroux said: "We consider these elections went not against the republic but against its policy. However, if these policies are not rectified quickly, clearly the next elections will go against the regime itself." The legislation that will be modified will be the ban on the educational activities of monks and nuns and also a change in the land policy by which the land will be turned over to the people under what is called the "Christian system of small property holdings" rather than upon socialistic basis. A concordat with the Vatican will also be asked by Spain. Two cardinal principles of basic democracy are being recognized in the change of attitude of the officials of the Spanish republic--the right of the people to control through theii votes and religious freedom. The Catholics now pledge their support to the Spanish republic. They recognize that the concession's they have obtained show an intenf that the Spanish government shall be a republic in which the will of the people is recognized a? the ruling force. TRUE GRATITUDE '·pIIE instructress, who made the womlerfu accomplishments of Helen Keller, blind and deaf scholar possible, is now being taught b her apt and now famous pupil. Mrs. Annie Sul Jivan Macy, who for years devoted her life to Miss Keller, has become blind. Miss Keller ha? been Jiving in seclusion in Scotland looking af te her former teacher's wants and reteaching he the Braille system of reading for the blind which Mrs. Macy long ago taught Miss Kelle and by the use of which the blind and deaf gir laid the foundation of the broad education she has now acquired. A few days ago she was re ported as ill in a hospital but her recovery ap pears to be under way. The gratitude Miss Keller is now showin. to her afflicted friend will add to the public es teem_in which she has long been held. She i. showing that the successes she has scored in th face of great handicaps haye not lessened ho appreciation of life's realities. She is gladl "£ -/separating herself from the semi-public ft Co o v 'the lecture platform and other activities /hich she has been engaged to pay the large lebt she owes to the woman whose painstaking nstruction brought to Miss Keller's life its arge usefulness. Both Miss Keller and Mrs. Macy have hrough their devotion to each other been able o play instructive parts in the present day vorld drama. Through the creation of a scholar af note from the material that Miss Keller hrough her afflictions offered, Mrs. Macy jave hope to many who were blind that led hem to useful and happy lives. In her present are of Mrs. Macy, Miss Keller is giving a beautiful example of. self sacrifice. TO MAKE AMENDS (^ CLIPPING wrongly credited to the Decorah Journal, democratic newspaper formerly dited by Fred Biermann, made it appear that ts editor was critical of the Roosevelt recov- ry program. The mistake was inadvertent but n order to be sure the Journal's attitude on ;his question is not misunderstood by readers rf this department, a considerable part of an editorial in the current issue of the Journal is eproduced immediately below under the head- ng of "Other Editors." Even though the Globe- lazette hadn't committed this error and obli- ;ated itself, in fairness, to a correction, this _ditorial would justify its space as an able and 'air expression of the democratic viewpoint. OTHER EDITORS GENERAL, BUSINESS IS BETTER Decorah Journal: The Decorah Journal has? con- istently upheld tho general program of the demo- ratic party. In intends to continue this policy so long as the nation, taken as a whole, is being benefltled by the administration. We believe the long term program of Secretary Wallace should be helpful to the -u-oducera of corn, butterfat and hogs--but we fur- her believe that the hog producers are entitled to 'ixed prices for a temporary period and to receive jenefits similar to those given to wage earners and vheat and cotton growers. The Journal has never boasted that there would be mmediate benefits by a change in Washington, that all wrongs would be immediately righted, and to Its knowledge has never used the word "millennium" in ts editorial columns previously. We have never taken the position of a Great Corrector, claiming- to know more about farming than men who have been too efficient in producing- a surplus of farm products. We have regularly printed prieo changes. If some critics who grossly misrepresent that we have not recorded declining- prices would read a front page article, printed Dec. G, 1933, they vould see that the Journal reported: "Last Friday, 3ec. 1, hog- prices crashed downward 40 cents in one of he most disastrous markets of years. Saturday they fell further to a top of ?3.15 (Chicago) sparingly paid. 5 Twelve years of republican misrule in Washington cannot be overcome in a year--or two years. A. tariff irogram that virtually shut American products such as hogs, off the world markets, ia disastrous. When exports decrease from 17,000,000 head in 1919 to 1 000,000 hogs in 1933, the surplus of hogs in 1033 naturally becomes burdensome. Great American amn- ufacturers, well fortitfied with cash resources, could mild factories in Canada and Europe to obtain a share of the foreign business, but the American hog producer cannot establish "branch farms" in foreign nations to'-holdhia market. ' · ----We believe that great progress toward business recovery has been made in the past year--but that the hog producer has been neglected. ENTER. THE "WIDOW" J. K. I^uvrenco in Lincoln Star: The stormy petrel of bridge, Ely Culbertson, never is satisfied. Hi's latest Droposal to enliven the game by adding a four card 'widow" to the deal has made the experts angry. They can't see rhyme or reason to it. Undoubtedly, Cutbertson's suggestion was made with the most innocent intentions and in keeping with the spirit of the times. Why should bridge be exempt :rom a new deal ? The possibilities are intriguing We know our bridge is bad, and our luck has not been anything- to brag- about, but between bridge and lucl well take our chances with the "widow." There is scant possibility that, she will be any worse than the cards we draw. By all means, the attitude of the experts is open to suspicion. If you bad written a book laboriously f its sales had been satisfactory, certainly you woulc be adverse to any change in the game which woulc consign the sacred volume to the asli heap. Or if you had written a book, and the success of it was responsible for the desire to write another, you would welcome any change which would furnish an excuse to a new edition. Either way, you write the ticket, you have yahd reasons against and in favor of the Culbertson bloodless revolution in bridge. But the poor layman--isn't he entitled to any consideration? He no sooner masters one system than another is thrift upon him. There is a limit to his endurance and to hi understanding. Forgive him if he turns conservative and insists there shall he no now deal in bridge. WHAT IS A TORY? .TM' c "' york 'J'»»nes: QUESTION--What is a Tory'. ANSWER--A Tory is the kind of person who hac charge of this country up to a little while ago an \Jtl-iS* TTM1TI- in f^ _ ,, » ! « .» .- . . . " who went in for all sort of nefarious practices. 9--Name one of these practices. A.--Well, the Tories like the idea of children under 16 working n the factories and shops. We now have put a stop to all tha*.. Q---How many children have been so liberated in n^ SC ^,J ear? A --- We ". we had altogether about 0,000 children working for wages, and 450,000 of these are on the farms and are not affected So von might say there remained about 200,000 children to be set free. Q.--Hoiv many children under the age of 16 were released from labor during, say, the last 20 years that the Tories were in charge? A.--Well, it has been figured out that if the ratio of child labor In 1930 were as high as in 1910, there would have been 2,000 000 more child workers in Jf)30. ' Q.--So that between 1810 and 1D30 child labor was cut down ten times as much as it is being done now? A.--It would seem so.- Q.--And that ia why the people then were Tories? A.--Yes. DAILY SCRAP BOOK ~ Cop\ngM 1933 by C«ntral Presa Association l£3i ^^_...__ OFHE CHURCH of ,T. MARBLE-BOW , IM -rilE. OF LONDOW -THE Bow IN PRIEST" is THE LOWEST P A I D ATT A BULLFiqaT--' HE. RECEIVES ONE DOLLAR PER. RCJHT AND 15 KEPT PRE.SEMT CASE. OF SERIOUS ACCIOEKT; ALL WHO ARE. BORN WlTHlM 'THE ;OUND OF ARE IDEMtTFlEO AS DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clendenlnf; cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions aro ot general Interest, huwEver, they will Do taJteu up, In order. In tho dnHy column. ·Addrcsa your queries to Dr. Logan Clendenlns, ca.ru ot Tile Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not moro than 200 words. By LOOAN CLENDENINO. JII. tl. YOUTH SHOULD AVOID DIET FADS W E SPOKE yesterday of some of the primary health habits for youth, but there are several left. One concerns fooda. At no time in life is it more necessary to avoid fads in diet than in youth. After the age of 30 a person may be a vegetarian, or a nut eater, or a starch and protein separator without doing much harm, but the youth needs a well-balanced, complete diet. The most important rule about diet in youth is that they should have plenty oC all kinds of foods. Any average diet found in an average household is likely to he the most- complete and most scientific dietary in youth. Fruits, vege tables, meat, bread and butter, arc all necessary ingredients of a healthy diet. A special word should be said about milk, the most glorious and healthiest of all foods in youth aud age. Certainly from the age of 5 to drink at least one glass of SOMK GOOD FKOM THE CH-\NGB IJccorafi Public, Opinion: Now that President Jessup of the University of Iowa has resigned to accept a distinct promotion to fill the most important educational post in the United States, as head of the Carnegie foundation, Verne Marshall's cleverly written column in the Cedar Rapids Gazette will ho far more interesting- to the writer. To our notion, Editor Marshall carried his personal animosity against President Jessup entirely too far, and his too frecjuent dcrr.fi- tory statements nboitt Mr. Jessup grenlly marred wnat otherwise was one of the most interesting daily newspaper columns of current comment coming to our attention. RAID DIDN'T MATERIALIZE Rockwell Tribune: According to word received here last Saturday morning, a general raid on the bootlegging fraternity was set for that day. As nothing In the way of a raid occurred, it must have been a false alarm. However, forewarned is forearmed, but we understand some of tho customers were apprehensive lest their supply be cut off for a few days. Dr. ClemleninR 15 a person should milk a day. These rules may seem obvious, but one hears of so many instances in which they are neglected that it is not wrong: to remind ourselves of them. I heard not long ago of one mother who became exceedingly impressed with the lectures of a dietary faddist and who, therefore, decided to allow her G year old son three spinach sandwiches a day and nothing else. It would be all right for the mother to do that. Possibly it would not hurt her, and at any rate she wouldn't harm very much because she would only harm herself, but it is little short of criminal to impose such a diet upon a young, growing organism. The care of the teeth, bowels and eyes in youth is obviously elemental. In a great majority of people they take care of themselves, but teeth should certainly be protected against decay, and in the presence of headaches or apparent backwardness in school, the question of whether the eyes are focusing well should be investigated by competent oculists. Sometimes simply the use of glasses will turn Jack from a dull boy into a brilliant scholar, or stop a whole train of petty symptoms which seem to point to deep- seated ill health. Lastly, in this day and age, it is necessary to emphasize the danger of accidents. In the early days of the automobile things were bad enough, but nowadays, with the development of cars which seem to have no limit to their speed, it imposes a toll of useless young deaths which makes the heart nick. These little mosquito cars go in and out of traffic, whi?- along- streets at a rate which endangers the lives of thousands of people, old and young. If young .people alone could be taught to drive automobiles in a. careful way there would be more saving in health and life than all the work that the Society for the Prevention of Heart Disease nnd the Society for the Prevention of Cancer has done in all the years of their existence. Why we should not become as indignant at automobile accidents as we do about diseases like cancer, over which we have very little control, is a. profound mystery. Vagrant Thoughts tr A t l m l x t n r o lf R e c o l l e c t i o n nnrl Itevrrin N o r t h loivn l l m L i r w i m W h i l e Waihlng T O i l i e r D u l l y llnilsf hold Untie,. Experienced l h r j anil n( Cy LOU MALLOUY LUKE, Hampton. ...Skies, pink and blue ones, greenish satiny ones cold nmberish ones, dusty coppery ones, ochery yellowish ones, purplish-lilac ones, how I love skies When we wanted to meet a certain party tvi did not nsk for an "introduction;" we asked fo "a knockdown" Port holes plastered with im penetrable fog Been a Mrs. · for 21 short year and still some people insist upon calling me Miss. . . , Always wanted to spend a winter in Old Faithful In: and enjoy the companionship of the snows and th solitude of the gaunt gray peaks . . . . . Sunset wing of tho flamingo. . . Swimming -n an old cast-of mother-hubbard; once in a w:i!le some rich gir petaled out in a black flannel bathing suit and thic black stockings (we called them "stockings" then Graham!); the pier at the old mill pond fairly quake as she walked its full length (all of 25 feet) so shy! and mincey. . . The elegy of the autum wind ONB MINUTE PULPIT--Wine Is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.--Proverbs 20:!. EARLIER DAYS eliiK a D u l l y ,'o in (illation oJ fiUere.Mlni; Hems rrutii the "'leu, Twenty »'Hl T h i r t y Years ARO" laics c? Iho llluliu-tinzcltc. OBSERVING DEC. 23, li!03 Mrs. M. L. Hicks departed this morning- for a 'isit with her parents in Rock Island, III. B. A. Balmat and wife left this morning for Monroe, Wis., for a short visit with relatives. Charles Felt left today for Wesley, where lie will isit his brother for a few days. Col. Sam Hoyt was the recipient of a handsome office chair given him us a Christmas present by the girls and boys of the Ideal Steam laundry. Officer Thomas Lock returned this morning fron Fort Dodge. Ralph Stanbery is spending the holiday vacation front his school duties at St. Paul with his parents Miss Josie Holub, of the Memorial university office is enjoying a visit with friends in Minneapolis. Mrs. A. A. Martin is visiting friends in Minne apolis. W. B. Davey, who for some time has been con ncoted with the Colby Martin company ns salesman has resigned his position nnd will go on the road fo the Moline company. MJss Editli Miller and Miss Freda Schmolker, of the M. B. A. force, have returned from spending a *ew days with relatives at Nora Springs. DEC. 2S, IBIS Dr. T. T. Blaise will be in DCS Moines Wednesday on business. Hiss Helen Winter, Mason City student at Vassar, is expected home tomorrow for the holidays. Walter Connors, who is attending the University of Chicago, is spending the vacation with his parents in the city. Percy Dake, student at Chicago university, and Miss Katherine Farrer, who has been attending the physical culture school nt Chicago, are two more students home for the Christmas holidays. Ice on Clear Lake is now 4',;. inches thick nnd if the cold weather continues, it will not be long- until the ice harvest can commence. Salem Herlce left Saturday night for Cleveland where ho will spend the holidays. Clyde *ounglove of the University of Illinois arrives here Saturday to spend Christmas in the city. DEC. MS, 1023 Mr. and Mrs. Theodore O. Simernmn of St. Paul are guests at the home of their daughter, Mrs. G. N. Holloway, 321 Madison avenue northwest. Miss Florence Chapman, clerk at the M. B. A. office, has gone to De.-j Moiiies where she will visit at her home. Mr. nnd Mrs. U. G. Whipple of Northwood will spend Christmas nt the home of their son, Leslie R. Whipple, 1033 Second street northwest. Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Edwards leave tonight for WIs- :onsin to spend the holidays with their daughter. Their son, Prof. C. C. Kdmonds of the University of Michigan, will visit with them. Miss Helen Plattc, girls' gymnasium instructor at the high school, left today for Grand Rapids, Mich., where she will spend Christmas at the home of her parents. wish Mrs. Roosevelt hadn't given the country a bad example by announcing that 10 white house Christmas tree is ·olmj to be lighted by the okl- ashioned tallow candle. While it lay add to the "Christmas atmos- here," as she suggests, it is count- to the teachings of safety and iro prevention. Already the press has carried one ;em about a tragedy bom of Christmas tree decorating. There vill be many if the "first lady's" xample is generally followed. It isn't suggested here that Mrs. Roosevelt intentionally has gone ounter to the rules of safety. That sn't like her nt all. She thinks toa nuch of human life, especially child fe. On numerous occasions) she's emonstrated this. But in this one nstance, she has slopped over. I wish she would change her plans, o conform to the best practices of afety-leaching', and that the public vhich mimics her could be appraised f the change. --o-- dMBfe^ suppose there are some who BSlJ will go on laughing at the SSB^ naivete of the small town, ut it will have to be admitted in avor of the small town, that its he large town and the city that lave fallen hardest for the resurrec- ion of fake wrestling. The bigger he place, the greater the willing- icsa to put out money to he fooled, t must be a little difficult for the ·ports fan of the small town to suppress his mirth 33 city crowds dish out their money to support a "raud which was exposed at every crossroads'settlement twenty ye; igo. --o-.-- am confident that the con- jjp fticting- appraisals of a lap *^ dog Hi this contribution 'rom Nate Miller will draw a smile from most readers: .ast nlnht I mot n lady lilt fihe \vrtsn't u mother. I know, 'or she called a !ci: her baby, A dog with a blanket nnd Lo-.v. 'Now, Rtay with your mama," [, myself, heard her a n y , Hut slic KivthlHid Just too late Anil the mult sot u-.vay. "Oh, my t°or baby," the poor I:nly tnianuil Her tap (top wns lost--shn v,-as \vlld. " 'Tl.i tougU on the lady," her husbain Intoned, "Hut t never cared for the clillil." jBHtoy listened in on an interesting 'jSWfc chat the other day bctwcei ****^ two merchants. The subject 1 was shoplifting. One surprised in by suggesting that shoppers wh enter a store carrying a shoppini bag are under suspicion unless the arc known. "Just like tlie woman with shawl in tho old days," the othe chimed in. shout "Praise he!" We havo passed the shortest day uC the year. To be sure, "when 10 days begin to lengthen, then tho old begins to strengthen." But more nportnnt, we are headed toward iringllme, even though the worst f the cold season still lies ahead. Since away Ja-st June we Imva cen seeing the sun rise later and et earlier, until recently some oC s have been going to work before aylight and returning after dark, hich makes Hie work days seem, ong even though the actual day be hort. But now, with the days begin- ing to lengthen, we can look ahead o the day when the first seed cnla- ttrrives, to the time when tho irst crocus sticks up its brave littlra ead on a sheltered corner of the awn, when the first bluebird sing3. We arc headed ngain toward Uio Good Old Summer Time," instead if away from it, nnd it is prodnc* ive of a mighty comfortable feeing if you ask me. --o-- JEgE*. presume it will be accepted rSjp^. aa a sign of my comparatives * as -^ youthfiilness as n, resident -f this community but I never knew mt.il this week--thanks to F. M.-hat Willow creek used to cross 'ourth street twice in the distances etwccn what Is now Madison avc- Hio and Federal avenue. A bend ex- ended south from the present bed f the stream and it wag spanned y what was known as the "twin bridges." The channel was artifi- :ially changed and the need for tho bridges obviated. Whether there is any trace whatever of the old creek bed. I haven't learned. Maybe ome reader knows about this and vill let me know. --o--. insist Emily Post was in an inspired moment when she turned out this description of a type of dancing which has gained considerable vogue in recent months: "Let me say that the really unspeakable method of dancing where- Ly the girl hangs her arm around her partner's neck, puts her head on his shoulder and then pretends she is a broken spined horse backing out of a stall, in ns incrcdtbla as it is gawky and protesque. Aftev all, the first requirement of ballroom beauty is grace." --o-think a year's suli- scriptiou to this ncwspapev is about as choice a prescnti as one could buy for a former resident of Mason City, or for some local friend who is barred for one reii- son or another from subscribing 1 himself. More than three hundred times within the year, you'll be saying Merry Christmas with this gift. llbli THIS SKHVICK This special d e p a r t m e n t Is devoted solely (o h u n c J U i i R queries. This paper puts nt y o u r illsiiosril service;; of an extensive ori;finIzalion in W a s h i n g t o n to serve yrm tn nny en{iacity rcKUlnff to t n t o r m a U r m . This service Is feet. Y o u r obligation la n n l y ;i cents In coin or K la nips Inclosed with Inquiry for d i r e c t reply. Do not use postcards. Address t l i c G l n l j e - O n r c l t f i i n f o r m a t i o n B u r e a u , K r t i d - crlci J. Haskln, Director, Waaliln^lfJii, I). C, What Is it "rugged Individualist?" G. F. A vigorous, independent thinker. Where is tliu National ISison Haiiffo? S. B. Maintained by the bureau of biological survey, U. S. department of agriculture, near Moio.se, Mont. A small town in the northwestern part of the state. The range has an area of 18,!3f acres and the present number of bison is 554. When was Maxlno Elliott nliir? .1 C. pon- TODAY IN HISTORY XotiiWcs JSorn This Date--Richard Arkwright and tiie machine age, b. 1732. Youngest of 13 children, he was earning a living as a barber when, nt 30, he invented the cotton spinner. Eleven years later, when his machines had made him rich and put many a spinner out of work, a mob rose, detroyed his mill. A r k - wright's answer was to build a new factory and introduce a steam engine to make his machines work faster. * * Alexander (I) Pavlovitch, b. 177Y, czar of Russia and most enlightened monarch it ever had. * * Giacomo (James) Puccini, b. 1SS8, composer-Mme. Butterfly, La Bolieme, La Tosen, Girl of the Golden West. * * Joseph Smith, b. 1S05, who was 18, according to the story, when the angel Moroni revealed existence of the Book of Mormon to him, caused him to establish n. new and presently powerful religion in whose creed Jews are Gentiles. * * Kit Carson, b. 1S09 famed frontiersman. * * Oscar S. Straua, b. 1850, merchant, philanthropist and thrice ambassador to Turkey. * * Charles Aiignatin Saint- Beuve (Sangt-Behv), b. 180-1, French philosopher. 1783--George Washington resigned bis army commission, retired to Mt. Vernou, without having ever in his whole military career received an injury. 18(11--Roiimnnia was formed by Danubian principalities within the Turkish empire, soon gained its independence, made Prince Charles of Hohenzollern king. .18G2--President Jefferson Davis of Confederacy proclaimed Erie;. Gen. Ben Butler, federal commander in New Orleans, an outlaw, felon, and common enemy of mankind, directing that if he bo cnpturei! he bo hanged Immediately without trial. Reason: iSut- ler had decreed that any woman who insulted his soldiers .should bo "regarded nnd held liable to be treated as a woman of the town plying her vocation." She became a star in 1U03. She left tho stage in 1920, having amassed a fortune. Do clue trio light luillis frosted in- sldo give us inuoli light as tho old cl«ar bulbs? F. I*. Careful measurements show inside frosted lamps give as much or cvcu more light than the clear lamps of the same watts, for the present day inside frosted lamps operate at higher filament temperatures than did clear lamp. the older type of Aro American consuls provided with funds to assist strandnd Americans to return homo? F. S. No. In some cases the officials undertake to collect funds from nationals of this country who arc residing in that locality. Why am Whito Russians so called'? A. T. They are considered by Beaulieu to be the purest of the three great Slav divisions, the Great Russians the Little Russians, nnd the White Russians. Their dialect Is akin to Great Russian. They have light brown or brown hair with a reddisl tinge and light-brown eyes. Appar ently they were HO named because of their costume, which cnn.iists of white smock, bast shoes with white legRinps, nnd white homespun coat \Vlmt Ifind of torches do dlvi U3I5 to cut st^el nmlor u'aior? M. II Underwater hydro-oxygen torches which cnn cut through !',{, inches of solid .steel when used 300 feet below the surface. What woman first received a patent in U. S.'.' A. Jt. While the first American invention was patented by a man, the records f u r t h e r state that the pro- ceas was "found out by Kybille his wife." Fur J!) yrui's after the enactment of the p a t e n t law in 17S10 not a Mingle one of the 10,000 patents issued was granted to a woman. The first successful application from a woman was recorded in 1SO.O by Mary Kios ami was granted for a method of weaving straw with, silk or thread. What became ot tho replica oC Mount Vcrnon of molher-of-pi-nrt exhibited at tho Century of J'roi f'jis? F. T. The two foot replica, made of mother-of-pearl and 13,000 pearls, vas presented to the Smithsonian Institution by Kokichi ilikimoto. The retiring Japanese ambassador, "Calsuji Debuchi, made the present:a,.ion. Give some anniversaries in li!3-l -- i J. E. The fortieth anniversary of Rob* crt Louis Stevenson's death, and tho htmdrcth anniversary of the death of Lafayette. March 24, 193-1, will be the ninetieth anniversary of the first public demonstration of the telegraph, the three hundred tenth of the birth of Thomas Syden= ham, English physician, who placet! diagnosis on a sound basis; Jan. 3((, will bo the one hundred twenty-seventh anniversary of the hirth of General Lee. The one hundred thirs tieth anniversary of the hirth o£ John Runeberg, greatest name ia Swedish literature, will be observed Feb. 5. Charles Lamb died on Fcbj 10, 1834. What new .sp:iper Jmj4 (he 1 htrgj.'.fij circulation til tho world? It. T. The News of the World, in London, claims to have the law gest circulation of any paper in the world, estimated at 3,000,000. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen ''The ideii ot Jane aayin' she married her idea). A woman just picks out the best piecn n' bread because she don't see any cake."

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