The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 27, 1936 · Page 6
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February 27, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

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Thursday, February 27, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 27 tm 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A.X A. IV. IXK NEWSPAPEB I»ued Every Week Day by tho MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 EMt Stats Street · Telennotu No. 3500 LEE F. LOOMIS W. .EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which U exclusively entitled to the use for publication oc all newa djspatcheji credited to it of not otberwjaf credited In thin paper, and, all local oewa. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Oca MolBU newi and Duilneii offices at 106 Shops BulKJlng. LOOK OUT ^y BELOW * SUB8CKIPTIGN RATES Mson city and Clear LaJce, JUasoa City and Clear £aKe, by ti» year 5T.OO by th» weefc * .15 OUTSIDE MASON CKX AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier $7.0u By mail 6 months J2.25 per week by carrier 5 .15 By mall 3 monUu ..--.. 51.25 Per year by mall $4.00 By mall 1 month «.--.*. J .00 OOXSIDE 100 DOLE ZONE Per year J6.00 six montns.--$3.25 Three monUut...?1.75 RITCHIE OF MARYLAND F ATE and Mr. Farley together destined that the democrats in 1932 chose Franklin Delano Roosevelt instead of Gov. Albert Cabell Ritchie of Maryland for the presidency of the United States. Ritchie was just as forceful a lighter as Roosevelt, just as engaging an executive, but he lacked the personal magnetism of the man who is president. The noted Marylander contented himself with the triumphs of the governor's mansion and the Maryland legislature. He was not essentially a man of the people. His very name sparkled with an heritage of southern statesmanship, and it was this quality which characterized his career as governor of Maryland for four years. Ritchie it was who initiated the attack on the eighteenth amendment as far back as 1922 before opposition to prohibition had become popular. Whether he was right or wrong in this is still a highly debatable question. But that it took some courage on his part is not. It was Ritchie, too, in 1033 who challenged the policies of the new deal and demanded that the Roosevelt administration hew to the platform of 1932. In recent year,s Ritchie has been a disappointed figure in retirement. Denied a fifth term as governor of Maryland, he virtually retired from political life. Albert C. Ritchie was, however, a statesman of the best southern traditions, a finished product of the Wil- sonian school. With about eight candidates avowedly in the race for the republican presidential nomination, a season of horse-trading obviously lies just ahead. Here's predicting that if Roosevelt « stopped, it will not be in any large measure the work of Al Smith. -- -r^, field of inflation seems al- One good turn in the ways to lead to another. Our vote is for Ty Cobb~as the greatest ball player of all time. Prudent driving also saves wear and tear on the pedestrian. Simile: Obscure as Idaho's other senator. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott The PROS and CONS WHEN FRIENDS FALL OUT /-*IFFORD PINCHOT, former conservation leader ^·* under Theodore Roosevelt, later governor of Pennsylvania, started out approving the new deal in all its acts and, ideals. That something; has changed in either the new deal or Mr. Pinchot is evident from the following excerpt out of a recent address made by the Pennsylvanian: "Today, when Franklin D. Roosevelt is at the head of the government, every nut is loose (and that . goes double) every joint squeaks, the steering wheel is out of kilter, the brakes are on the bum, the front. wheels are wobbly, the whole machine rattles like a trucMoad of milk cans, and the mileage per dollar is simply disgraceful. Because the man in charge is a poor mechanic, the government at Washington is "" a mess. And that fact makes a, difference to you. Why? Because you and I and the rest of us have to pay for the mess. We have to put up too much money--more money than it ought to take--to make the wheels go around." A most interesting book could be written about the falling out between friends in politics. Its subjects would include Taft and Roosevolt, Wilson and Bryan, Roosevelt and Smith, Roosevelt and Coughlin and, now, Roosevelt and Pinchot. A fact which would be common to all the breaks would be that the differences have bottomed on personalities rather than on principles. WASHINGTON WAS A SWEDE Council Bluffs Nonpareil: In the course of the Washington anniversary discussions this year we discovered that the father of his country was a Swede. It has been generally accepted as a fact that Washington was an Englishman. And this is true. But according to the records he was a Swede first and was transformed into an Englishman by transplanting. In 1066 William the Conqueror defeated the English in the battle of Hastings. The ancestors of Washington according to the records were among the Swedish or Norman followers of William. Racially the Scandinavians are among the first people on the earth. NO NEED FOR APOLOGY Northwood Anchor: A denial that John Dillinger, Indiana desperado, was ambushed and deliberately executed, came Wednesday from J. Edgar Hoover, director of the department of justice agents.--Associated Press Dispatch. Why should Hoover need to deny it? What if it were true? Isn't the world better off? What difference does it make how you rid the world of a desperate menace, always assuming, of course, that after safety first the riddance will be accomplished with as little cruelty possible. WHERE THE STORM" WAS FELT MOST Forest City Summit: Hayfield, Crystal Lake, Woden and Titonka on the Rock Island branch from Garner have been without any type of train service since February 3, when the last train went up the branch to be snow bound at Titonka. Mail has been reaching the towns by star route, in some instances by a roundabout route. UAcK KNlqHT, AIR HAS FiOWM MORE MILES A.-T NiaHrfHAN AMV MAM IN ftlE WQR.U) DAY HE HAS MOR.EL I,7S"0,000 MILES of -fo Hl5 CREDIT 15 A SMAU. -TASK. m -THE. ?R.EHeH POST"--IK SOME COUN-TRIES ACOMMOM of INSURING ife PRESENCE. OF^CA.MEJ_ WHERE DOVER. J_£Ff+tlM A.NCIEN-T EGYPTIAN WORKERS ARE. SHOWN ow ~rfii$ MODERN EGYPTIAN STAMP OF 1te CAMEL, Copyricht, 1338, by Central Pres Association, Inc. 2'27 A FALSE ASSUMPTION nnHIS NOTION that if there is anything out of order in our economic system, government must fix it, is utterly fallacious and dangerous. It was this notion that gave Italy Mussolini and Germany Hitler. It gave this country NRA, devaluation, repudiation and ten billions of new debt. The error is due to a complete misunderstanding of an economic system. No sensible man believes thla system is perfect. In many ways it works unfairly and inefficiently. But it works. It is self-starting and self-acting. It remedies its own weaknesses and solves its own problems. It does this a hundred times better than government can do it. There is not in 5,000 years of recorded history a single instance where government ever seriously changed the existing system of any country for the better. The reason is that the economic system automatically sets in motion cur- ativa. forces when it gets out o£ order. Government has to guess what to do. Most governments know too much history and economics to undertake to reorganize the economic system t»y guess. Our present government undertook three years ago to settle, all .our economic problems by act of oongress. Just look at the mess it has made in every single field it went blindly into. "OHMYDEAH!" SEATTLE, Wash, (m--Plucked eyebrows and permanent waves for men this spring were decreed aa stylish by the national beauty congress meeting here. ·jlffY, MY, what's this generation coming to? First we hear reports of a mere man winning a diaper- changing contest, the only masculine entry in a large field of mothers. Next, an Illinois city makes page one copy in cosmopolitan dailies with a yarn that the champion crocheting barber has been discovered here. And now the great big "he-men" have invaded the beauty parlors and demand the beauticians to "shoot the works." "They demand style," says Ted Carroll, prominent New York style consultant, "so we give it to 'em. They want permanent waves to keep their hair from falling into their eyes. They also want a greaseless make-up to cover a heavy beard." The biggest show of the four-day congress at New York was a male model having his eyebrows plucked. Crowds stood around and gaped, the Associated Press story says. No wonder. A LESSON OF THE STORM Emmons, Minn., Leader: If it has done nothing else, the heavy snow blockade of rail traffic has shown people along the line of the M. and St. L. road what it would be like to be permanently cut off from its valuable service. And the near pinch i;' a coal famine here adds frightening emphasic to the picture. LANDON'S RADIO VOICE Primghar Bell: We're kinder glad Gov. Landon is not so wonderful as a radio speaker, possibly when he is president, he will spend more time cutting down expenses, and less planning rounded sentences and practicing voice modulation. In other words, possibly be will talk less and do more. LOST FRIENDS AND MONEY BOTH Oelwein Register: Senator Pittman said the other day that the United States did not have a friend of any nation in Europe. They practically all owe us almost enough to pay our public debt if we could collect it, and we have always heard that the best way to lose a friend is to loan riirn money. This is borne out in the case as stated by Senator Pittman. ONLY A STEPMOTHER SO FAR Marshalltown Times-Republican: The Algoua Advance expresses the belief that Senator Dickinson "has a chance" to be nominated for president. Very nice if justified. Iowa needs a spell of being "mother of presidents." So far she has been only a stepmother. DIET and HEALTH By I.OGAN CLENDEOTVG, M. D. AN IOWAN FOR PRESIDENT Estherville News: Iowa has never had a president. Will our neighbor of Algona, who served this district in congress for six sessions and the state in the senate for one term, be the next occupant of. the white house? Stranger things can happen. AND IF HB^ISITT NAMED ? Webster City Freeman Journal: If Senator Borah is nominated for president by the republicans this year it is safe to predict that he will support the ticket with vigor and determination, as he supported Hoover in 1928. IF THIS IS WANTED Algeria Upper Des Moines: If the republican party as a whole is going to maintain the views advanced by its leaders of the past few years, it could find no better candidate or leader to carry on its theories than Mr. Dickinson. "PENNY PATRIOTISM" Fairmont Sentinel: Millions of votes will be cast this year determined wholly by which way is answered the question, "How did he vote on the bonus?" Petty, penny patriotism. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG The Missouri girl who was taken to an asylum at the conclusion of a walking marathon should have been taken when she showed her first symptom Vy entering. Another thing that gives us a pain is the alien coming into United States and seeking to dictate tae terms on which he will accept American citizenship. WAR PRIZE RULES DISCUSSED SOLDIER'S HOME, MARSHALLTOWN--Publication by the Globe-Gazette of the photographic reproduction of a prize money certificate signed by Byron Wilson, commanding the 39 gun ship, Ouichita, brings many questions. First, why are soldiers not awarded prize money? Their captures are made by armies and belong to the government. Ship captures depend upon the ability of a crew and all nations reward the crews with prize money. My books of reference are at Rapidan, Va., so I will quote but two illustrations, the first may be verified by recent magazine articles of the historian Sandburg. Grant captured at Holly Springs, Miss., 500 bales of cotton which his quartermaster sold for more than one.million five hundred thousand dollars cash, which he deposited in the treasury of the United States. The world was starved for cotton. Grant and Sherman had expelled cotton speculators. Secretary Stanton gave them permits to return. Assistant Secretary of War Dana, and Senator Conklin each contributed 510,000 to a pool to get cotton which was nipped in the bud, but the Jew speculators used their permits bribing naval and army officers, whereby Corydon Hickman and_ his squad arrived with seven shot. Spencers, lost their prize money. Byron Wilson, of the Ouichita, pronounced Washita, had been detached by Admiral Porter for the capture of Fort Fisher on the Atlantic. The Ouichita and its two barges with 10 times 500 bales oi cotton--a colossal fortune--fell into the hands of traiterous officers and the Jews, the claims of the holders of prize certificates ignored. Mine exists today, as the photograph proves, without payment. This robbery of ship's crews began early in our history. John Paul Jones died in poverty, his prize money unpaid, but his bones glorified, the Jews had no use for them. REDUCING HARD AT FIRST T HE average overweight finds a reducing diet hare going, first, because he does not get enough food to satisfy his appetite, and second, because he misses the pleasures of such things as salad dressing, gravy and sweets. Then there are no such things as actually thinning foods, but only foods which keep him at a standstill. What we would like to do would be to find some articles of food which have no nutritive value which we could substitute for the real enemies of the overweight, Those real enemies, as I have just said, are the fata and the sweets. One practical dodge is to substitute mineral oil for olive oil in salad dressing or mayonnaise. Olive oil has a perfectly tremendous caloric value. One tablespoon of olive oil _^___^^__ has 121 calories, and an ordinary Dr. Clendenin* serving of mayonnaise dressing has 187 calories. Now it is possible to reduce this three-quarters and still have a palatable dressing. I know what I am talking about because I use it all the time myself. Paul Whiteman's recine for salad dressing ia as follows: Four thin slices" onion, two and one-fourth teaspoons salt, five tablespoons vinegar, one-half teaspoon paprika, two tablespoons sugar, few grains cayenne, one cup liquid petrolatum. Besides being low in caloric value, this dressing is good for constipation. Anyone can make a palatable French dressing, substituting mineral oil or liquid petrolatum for olive oil and using Worcester sauce, mustard, etc., to taste. A recipe for mayonnaise is as follows; One cup of oil juice of half a lemon, one-third cup of vinegar, one teaspoon dry mustard, dash of yolk of egg, one teaspoon salt, shake of cayenne pepper, one-fourth teaspoon of black and white pep"per, mixed; Worcester sauce to taste. So far as sweets are concerned, the substance The dangerous search for plantation cotton by Hickman of Chicago and his small squad left them decimated by malaria. Mine lasted 25 years, during which quinine was a daily ration. With my life savings ot 48 years on one farm depleted by legal expenses, I am ready to trade my medals for a fraction of what is honestly due me and the privilege of joining my kin in Virginia, with my faithful wife of more than 67 years. MARVIN T. GRATTAN, . Late Commander Post, 122, G. A. R. called "saccharine" has been, used to take the place of sugar in the diet of diabetics and overweights for years. It can be used to make desserts or for sweetening coffee without adding anything to the caloric intake. A substitute for butter, which shall contain little or no fat, would be a highly desirable product, but 1 know of none at present on the market or, in fact, anywhere else. Coconut fat is a little lower in caloric value than butter and could be used. What would be desirable' would be a. mineral oil with a thicker consistency than liquid petrolatum which could be flavored to a butter taste. Something awaits the ingenious chemist who can develop a non-fat butter substitute which is palatable. DIET FOR THURSDAY Breakfast--Glass of orange juice; cup of tea or coffee without sugar or cream. Lunch--Two hard-boiled eggs, sliced; large tomato, sliced; half of a grapefruit; one cup of coffee without sugar or cream. Supper--Half of a breast of broiled chicken; turnips and carrots, any style; half of an average grapefruit; cup of tea or coffee without cream or.sugar; What is your weight today? HOW TO USE THIS SERVICE EDITOR'S NOTE--Six pamphlets by Dr. Clendening can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, for each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three cent stamp, to Dr .Logan Clendening-, in care of this paper. The pamphlets are: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaming," "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes," Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair and Skin." Cruising the Headlines "PITTMAN ASKS BIG NAVY TO CHECK JAPAN" A FEW days ago Senator Pittman of Nevada delivered a scathing attack on the Japanese policy in China, the foreign relation committee's chairman charged that Japan had violated the nine-power Pacific treaty, and a good time was had by all. Senator Lewis of Illinois jumped into the fray (red whiskers and all) with a forecast of a Russian-Japanese alliance for control of Asia and exclusion of Americans from that continent. It seems these congressional fire-eaters are worried about our trade in China the same old bunk. Can it be there-is a depression hi the millionaire factory? Thirty thousand millionaires were turned out during the World war. Evidently the country is getting low on this commodity so Senators Pittman and Lewis would like to hash up another war. It would be a pleasure indeed to wring their necks. Hop right to it boys--appropriate all the millions and billions you want to for battleships. You can inflate the little fellows until the cows come home but they are like the old cat-- with its nine lives ---and so will survive somehow. EARLIER DAYS FBOM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Ago-The following officers were elected last night at a meeting of the Travelers Protective association: A. F. Shotts, president; S. E. Bennett, vice president; Charles Gelo, secretary-treasurer, and N. C. Kotcheli, H. C. Stearns, C. J. Winter, E. M. Bums and G. B. Bowes, board of directors. Early grass fed cattle is expected by the butchers this season earlier than usual. This, they say, ig due to the mild weather and the excellent condition in which the cattle are at this time. Cheap corn during the winter usually means fat cattle. Good butcher cattle are now selling for $4.50 a hundred. Fresh eggs are selling at 15 cents a dozen and all vegetables are cheaper. E. H. McLaughlin of Dougherty was in the city yesterday on business. J. M. Eby arrived in the city today from California where he has spent the winter. Messrs. Hilderman, O'Leary and Franchere returned today from Minneapolis where they attended the Knights of Columbus banquet. Miss Ancelia Thomas returned today from Watertown, s. Dak., where she has been teaching. Twenty Years Ago-F. A. Stephenson returned today from a few daya business trip to St. Paul. Mrs. Leo Cota left today for her home at Dubuque after a few days visit in the city. The Bryant Asphalt Paving company of Waterloo was awarded the contract for 198,000 yards of paving by the city council today as a result of its low bid of $1.68 a yard. Mason City lost to Algona 32 to 27 last night at Algona. Coach Jack West of the high school returned today from the Twenty-second Regimental indoor meet at Chicago with a medal for third prize in the 40 yard dash which was won in 4.4 by Brijrhtmire of Chicago university. C. A. Parker and son, Horace, left today for Chicago where they will visit Mrs. Parker. Mrs. T. C. Nash of Waverly is visiting with her daughter, Mrs. E. E. Jacobs. Mrs. H. G. Pollen and Mrs L. R. Welcome of Welcome, Minn., are in the city for a week's visit with relatives. Ten Years Ago -Mrs. Harold Colony of Minneapolis is visitine relatives in the city. 6 nesf ff Urdangen is in cedar Falls loda y on a busi- George Marty returned today from a pleasure and business trip to his former home at Luverae Miss Frances Plath of Davenport, president of the Iowa Business and Professional Women's club is in the city today. Basketball results last night: Iowa State 32, Grinnell 23; Cornell 48, Hamline 30; Yankton college 33 OBSERVING i WWW^1i|^ WOULD THIS STYLE 'IMPROVEMENT AN BE j^fc^ haven't in many a day had ;*J}pia communication that inter**B*^ ested me as much as this one from C. E. Oeschger, 420 Fifteenth street southeast, Mason City; Dear Mr. Eye: Of course we heartily endorse and enjoy the new set-up of continuous reading: Now what do you think of the following suggestion we ran onto-today, to avoid eye fatigue, which is said to be partially caused by the eye jumping from the end of one line to Uw start of the next. In the following paragraph read every other line from right to left: "\Vhy not print the reading has eye the when that ao matter finished n'lth one Une, It picks up as line next the if beginning the shown by thin paragraph? It Is catches eye the Boon how amazing; on. If children were taught to they time the at aet-ap this read were first resisting their ABC's, jwd reading faster mean would It less eye-strain. Reading from left -hap as Is, English In as, right to penstance, anyway. And. no doubt, -so vastly system our consider we nerior to the Chinese and Hebrew." All of the above directed to the attention of EYE-OBSERVING in the interest of EYE PRESERVING. Preservingly yours, C. E. OESCHGER. It would seem to me that if this plan has any substantial merit, it ought to go the whole way. Why not have the letters as well as the words read from right to left on the alternate lines. Try that one out on your typewriter, Mr. Oescflger! BACK IN THE OLD DAYS OF PERSONAL JOURNALISM ffgf,^ am indebted to A. P. for this rasS^ entertaining clipping from SS*" the Cerro Gordo Republican, under date of Oct. 19, 1876: GREENBACKS They have a queer way of working up candidates in Minnesota. They nominated one B. T. Walker, for congress and immediately the following, endorsement appears jn the papers of that district. Preston, Minn., Oct. 9, 1876. Editor Austin Register: I notice in a recent issue of your paper, a report of a "Greenback convention" held at Austin, . in which the name of one B. T. Walker is prominently mentioned. Now, if this is the old man who recently moved from Grand Meadow way, his presence in a convention should add immensely to his importance. His need of greenbacks to pay victims whom he had dead-beat out of property is as,} great as that of any man I know. If the illustrious B. T. will pay me the freight on a machine fie swindled one of my agents out of in 1872, I will apologize for this. M. T. GRATTAN. The M. T. Grattan here quoted is the same M.. T. Grattan who is still writing for newspapers from bis quarters in the Iowa Soldiers home at Marshalltown. In fact, there's a contribution from him on this very page, in the "Editor's Mail Bag." ENOUGH UNIFORM MISSPELLING, PLEASE: wonder if reporters and editors on the Chicago Tribune's news staff aren't pretty well tired berore this, of the uniform though logicless system of misspellings decided upon in a burst of unbridled enthusiasm by the bigwigs of that publication. In the same sentence on the woman's page not infrequently there will appear in juxtaposition the words leather and feather. Leather is misspelled as "lether" but feather remains unchanged. A dozen other inconsistencies just as glaring and irritating to readers could be cited. The Globe-Gazette once adopted a modified form of simplified spelling in which through became "thru," thought became "thot," and the like. There was some precedent if not authority for the forms used. The saving in space that was anticipated never materialized in any noticeable degree. Each simplified spelling served to detract from the reporter's peace of mind; great and general was the satisfaction when the decision doing away with the simplified spelling was announced. Here was a case in which the admission of an error in judgment had beneficial effects. I'm wondering if the same admission won't some of these days be forthcoming from the self-confessed "world's g r e a t e s t newspaper." , HOW ABE YOUR EYES, MR. IOWA MOTORIST? am pleased to give this bit of space to optometrists of America who this week are stressing the idea of "save your vision." In an analysis of the causes for accidents, it has been found tbat defective eyesight was the one commonest offender. To quote from the bulletin before me; "The man who tells the judge, 'I didn't see' probably isn't 'alibi-ing;' he may be unable to see quickly anything coming from the side; one eye may suspend in moments of stress. If both eyes had good vision this habit of suspending might not be troublesome but few people have two really good eyes. "The real menace to safety from the eyes lies in the fact that so many drivers have ineffectual vision and do not realize it. Unless acute discomfort has brought the fact to mind the driver naturally thinks ;hat he has as good vision as other drivers. .There has been 'no comparison of .Vision to warn that he is *· dangerous' when at the wheel,of a car. "As a part in the 'safety campaign' now being waged, optome- :rists are using this week to acquaint the public with the hazards." Answers to Questions ByFBEDEltlC J. st - Olaf - ' Cross 2 1, and Princeton 31, Yale 29 41 w * elected of the Owl club, TM w Mason City's oldest dancing club. Harold Bull w 36 ^ and ° rl ° G ° Uld and Percy Smith ' diectors" YOARK -T :rea n Borotro, who yesterday beat indo0r cham P i( "i. to the semi- mdocr sin ^ Ies tenns champion' Rene ** cosl of TOMORROW FEB. 28 By CLARK KINA'AIKD Notable Births--Ben Hecht, b. 1894, one time circus acrobat now a distinguished playwright, novelist, movie producer...Geraldine Farrar, b. 1882, world famous U. S. soprano.. .John A.ldcn Carpenter, b. 1S76, American composer.. .Wilfred T. Grenfell, b. 1S6S, celebrated medical missionary to Labrador... 4. writer the world cannot forget, Michel de Montaigne, i. 1533 in Perigord. France, had a wretched memory. :n the midst of a public speech he would forget what he was talking about and sometimes he forgot his own name. « a · Feb. 28, 1824--Emile Gravele was born in France, where he trod a straight and narrow path to fame as Charles Blondin.-He walked across Niagara falls on a wire, carrying a passenger on his back, while blindfolded. Feb. 28, 1477--Christopher Columbus visited a land n the west 15 years before the voyage on which he is credited with discovering America! He landed from a Genoese ship in Iceland, which the Irish and Scandinavians had civilized and Christianized four centuries before. SCRIPTURAL THOUGHT--In the house of the righteousness is much treasure; but in the revenues of the wicked is trouble.--Proverbs 15 ;6. PLEASE NOTE--A reader can let the answer to any question of fact by writ- tnc Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic ,1. Haskin, Direc- lor. Washington, D. 0. Please inclose three (3) cents for reply. Ho\v many banks belong to the American Bankers association'.' P. H. The new president, Robert V. Fleming, gives the figure as 12,000. Must a veteran have his signature to his application for his bonus witnessed by a notary? G. T. Do ranchers raising beef for market breed their own stock? J. M. Ranchmen raising beef cattle for the market rarely breed their own stock. They buy what are called stockers and feeders, steers, from cattle breeders. When the steers are grazed to weight for the market they are shipped and more young steers bought. For whom is Rowland Island named? .T. H. The department of state says Rowland Island was discovered by George E. Netcher in 1842 and revisited in 1848. It was officially possessed in the name of the United States in 1857. The island was named Howland from the look-out on Netcher's whaling vessel who first sighted it. What is Leonine verse? M. G. This form of verse was used in the middle ages in Latin hymns and in secular verse. It is said to derive its name from Leonius, a canon of the church of St. Victor in Paris. In English, any verse 'which rhymes middle and end is called a Leonine verse. How old \vas George M. Cohan when he first appeared on the stage ? L. F. Debut was in Daniel Boone at nine. When he was 12 he played in Peck's Bad Boy. How many children in U. S. have parents divorced each year'.' R. W. More than 100,000 children are affected by divorces annually. Was Edward L. Doheny a prospector? C- M. Spent 20 years prospecting for gold, silver and oil. In the years fol- lOH-ing: 1892, his efforts were rewarded by the discovery of several oil districts in California and Mexico. Was John Davey, tree surgeon, born in this country? L. K. Born in Somersetshire, Eng., in 1846, and learned floriculture and landscape architecture in Torquay, England. In 1873, he came to U. S- What is the meaning of the motto of the Fierce-Arrow automobile, Dixit et Fecit? S. A. The motto is taken from the coat of arms of the George N. Pierce family. George N. Pierce was the founder of the Fierce-Arrow Motor Car company. The literal tiansla- tion is "He said it and he did it." The heraldic translation has been construed as "Promise and Performance." When is the dog derby in Canada? M. C. The Eastern International dog sled derby, popularly known as the Quebec dog derby, was held at Quebec City, P. Q., Feb. 20, 21 and 22. Is more than one Sabbath or Sunday observed in Palestine? M. B. The Christians observe Sunday; the Jews, Saturday; and the Moslems, Friday. The Turks are changing their "day of rest" to coincide with the Christian Sunday, as a business expedient, not as a. religious observance. When Spain was a monarchy, what position was sfgnified by duenna? J. E. The chief ]ady in waiting to the queen. The word is also used to designate an elderly woman who acts as guardian to a youngr woman in a Spanish family. What ig slalom in sports? E. H. Slalom is a Norwegian dialect word meaning zigzag. It is now applied to that form of skiing. How many attended the Olympic winter games in Germany? C. M. Estimated between 350,000 and 400,000. . ; . HOMEMADE CANDY This booklet was prepared to meet a wide demand for tested'can- dy recipes. All have been selected with a view to presenting sweets which can be made easily in the home, and which young folks as well as adults can manage. No special kitchen equipment is required in using any of these recipes, nor do you have to be an expert cook to got fine results. A copy of this use- iul 32 page service booklet \vill be sent to any address for ten cents to cover cost and handling. Use coupon: The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the booklet "Candy Recipes." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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