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FEBRUARY' 16 1931. I ' \: 1 : Uteou (Situ (glnbp A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the ,,, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3SOO MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE WILL F. MUSE Editor W. EARL HALL Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS .Busineas Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Daily, per year $7.00 Daily, per week 15 Outside oÂ£ Mason City and Clear Lake Dally, per year by carrier $7.00 Daily, per week by carrier 15 Daily, per year by mail 4.00 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, 51.25; 1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months $3.25 3 months 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter The hope of impunity Is the greatest inducement to do wrong-.--CICERO SPIKING ONE FALLACY A FARMER member of an organization which " recently went on record as opposed to required military training at the state university and the state college came Into the Globe-Gazette office not long ago to talk the matter over. He admitted he had voted for the proposition and his reasons were twofold: First, there had been in his organization one member highly insistent on the action and nobody else had given the matter any special consideration. ' Second, because he had assumed there would be a reduction in expense for Iowa and therefore a reflection in his own tax bill. About the first of these reasons, there is little to be said. In virtually every instance where a farm organization has placed itself on record as opposed to military training, there has been the hand of an individual or small group of individuals bent on pushing the action regardless of costs. And about the second, there is only this to be said--it's the opposite of fact. So far as Iowa is concerned the expense of providing a substitute course in physical education would be vastly greater than the amount now expended on the military work. This is true for the reason that the cost of the military work is borne by the federal government and it's an open secret that the per capita investment in federal government in Iowa is far below that of the populous eastern states. If, as a North Iowa exchange claims, 5248,553 was spent in 1930 on military training at Ames and 'Iowa, it can be stated with relative certainty that the supplanted- course in physical education would be substantially the same and it would all come out of Iowa pocketbooka. ,, This is hot submitted as an argument in favor of military training. The'Sact is~aa we've stated numerous times, we would be perfectly willing to drop military, drill tomorrow and pay the extra cost involved if there was not a demonstrable need for it in the live possibility of future %var. It has commendable disciplinary values and it is a worthy physical developer. But we'll concede that both of these could be had in equal or superior form in a well-conceived program of physical education.'- Our only purpose in presenting the facts concerning the situation is to offset one of the fallacies which has been present in the organized movement against required military training. If misrepresentation or falsehood are excusable in the promotion of the pacifistic cause, surely it is permissible to draw on truth as a defense of what we believe to be the commonsense attitude toward military work. STRANGE BEDMATES, THAT'S ALL rpHE attention of readers is invited to "The Editor's Mail Bag" on this page. Therein appears a letter ,'' from the publicity director of the American Automobile association inspired by an editorial which appeared one day last week in this department. Our criticism then and our criticism now of the AAA is that it is proceeding from a false premise in assuming that there is a. community of interest be tween the common carrier on the highway and the ! common motorist who fills the rank and file of the * organization which is providing a meal ticket for Mr J Montgomery. To the contrary, there is more of con ' flict than of mutuality between their interests. When the AAA permits a. national bus association to "affiliate" with this organization of ordinary motorists, we still insist that it is off on the wrong foot That opinion is given as a member of Mr. Montgomery's organization. And when the AAA permits its influence to be exerted in this direction, it is annuling the chances of support from many an ordinary motorist. So far as Mason City is concerned, that contention frontier, India would collapse if the protection of the British were withdrawn. Gandhi knows it, and will not take the responsibility of continuing a struggle which he knows would fail if it succeeded. And isn't it typically British, this long temporizing and negotiation with revolution, ending in compromise? John Bull is a wise old head, who has never forgotten the lesson that the American colonists taught him, that mere force will not suffice to meet aspirations toward liberty. He yields only what he must--but he yields that with good grace. And so his world-wide empire, which changes its form and organization with every generation, continues to hang together despite its Ill-assorted collection of mutual antagonism and national ambitions. A JUDGE DEMEANS HIMSELF JT MAY be all right in Chicago. But so far as other parts of the country are concerned; Judge Lyle would have stood higher in popular esteem if ha had eschewed the cheap burlesque methods which William Hale Thompson has injected into the windy city's mayoralty campaign. When the judge began to reply to Big Bill's barroom assaults in language of the same order he slipped several pegs in the estimation of many who had looked to him for a superior brand of politics. Of course, the campaign is being conducted in Chicago. So far as success in the approaching election is Concerned, it may not matter what the world at large hmks or doesn't think. Possibly expediency required the gutter excursion. Possibly Chicago's political ideals are that low. One thing Is certain-it Judge Lyle is defeated, as bettors seem to think he will be, there will be less- sorrow on the part of the outsiders who looked to him for a higher brand of leadership. ~' . OTHER EDITORS -------_^__--_ T , r^ ACCOUNT RUMPUS ... -Â· Journal: The fuss raised over the e bill passed by the last session of the Iowa leei Coffenaively called the "Salary Grab" Ml*, if think our legislators are too well paid know that they earn considerably less THUS OLD HOME TOWN By Stanley .ure inform the aTM* cons the average successful businessman earns in hi=j OUT. OF BOX, J U S T TO GISJE THE BUTCHER. BLO-TZ. SAYS,, SHERM^TEBBS IS ABOUT THE ONLY CASH CUSTOMER HE HAS NONN-8UT HE DoESNT U K E SHERMS HABIT OF BRIN$;N$ /N Ai-L. His HOUNbDo3S EVERYTJME HE MAKES A THAI-CENT PURCHASE The measure fell far short of being- the ffi^r Ma^ Â£,*Â»Â£ voted to nt were themselves beneficiar es they have been unsparingly condemned. X the The present senate, however, has refused to expense bill. Selfish consideration^ There riff , SGnse fllrnis1 ^ the chief motive. r . tlrae ' now ' for the soreness to wear have th!!"L O * , th , e matter and ^ TM* session *i? ^ 1 legislators' expenses willingly ca id Y show 3 :tlat the public mind is f curious THE MARRIAGE LAW PROPOSAL Mrs. Game V. Lucas in St. Aiisgnr Enterprise- Â·ixt and between the proposing of bills for tne Be- t o and the consideration of many representative has been able to a P r Â°PÂ° SC[I law j n DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENINa, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" rf in the maiu to the issuance a nÂ« ' s c s a a penod of fwe days should ensue between the application for the license and the issuance of the same. Of course there are many things, no doubt to be considered m favor of this bill. For one thing, the couple seeking a license, mig-ht after five days consideration of the matter find that they were mistaken n *Â»Hn a " ectlona for e Â«c!i other. Such a law unless a national one would have little effect, as long as the bordering states would allow persons to wed with- w^irf 6 m ; nut ? s or Iess ttfte r Procuring the license, it would not only take considerable of the revenue for 368 ! rOm the state ' b u t woulcj als Â° somewhat decrease the preacher's living wage cs- Or. ClunUcninR the be truc in marriages at g s a Brown church. This bill will, no doubt be . laid on the table, as it should be. is quite easily demonstrable. This is not written in condemnation, or even criticism, of the bus or trucking companies. They have a legitimate field of activity and they have a perfect right to defend their Interests with any lawful methods at their command. All that" we're pointing out is that their interests and those of the individual motorist are more unlike than similar. And as for the remainder of our criticism we have a choice between the literature that has been mailed out for years by the AAA and the simple disclaiming statements made by Mr. Montgomery in his letter. ~ -^Â»-fr.ttM GETTING TOGETHER IN INDIA rr\HE provincial council of Bengal, in India, has accepted the British proposal of dominion government for India. And Thursday the nationalist congress, followers of Gandhi, invited a member of the London round-table conference to come and explain the proposal. Evidently Mahatmi Gandhi is serious in his more conciliatory attitude toward the British, and means to put action behind his professed willingness . to accept the proffered dominion status if accompanied by certain minor gestures of consideration for the nationalists. As a matter of fact Gandhi no doubt realizes, as do all intelligent Indians--certainly he is a man of fine mind and spirit--that complete self-governing independence is far beyond the illiterate Indian masses at this stage. Ridden by caste, torn by internal religious dissension, and threatened by warlike savages on the f RADICALS DEFEAT BOND ISSUE Hampton Chronicle: Pocahontos county voted down v Pr TMÂ° Sltl Â°,? Â°^ bondil 'S for Paving its primary high- wM tl nr- C ratd ' cals ' V ef kind Which have been runutng wild during the past few years misrepresenting conditions and propositions to the people, were out telling ther voters that those active in the support of the bond issue had been "bought-up" by the cement trust. The 1-arm Union crowd has retarded progress in everv county whore they have been well organized and active, and so they have in Pocahontag county. If the state road bond issue fails of passage it will be some time before Pocahontas gets any highway paving nut m the meantime that county will be helping to pay for all of the other paved roads in the state Jf the other counties in the state which have already voted county road bonds wanted to be selfish they would be glad that the bond issue in Pocahontas was defeated, as it makes the bond issue in these other counties that much safer of never becoming a property tax. The resident of Pocahontas county will later on discover that Barney Allen arid those with him who supported the bond Issue over there were the real friends of Pocahontas county. BOOB OR BUSINESSMAN ? Luverne News: Edgar Lee Masters, poet and general nuisance, has broken loose again this time in a tirade against Abraham Lincoln. Of course Lincoln needs no defense against, a man like Masters but nevertheless it kind of goes against the grain to read what he has to say about the man who is probably loved above all other Americans Five or six years ago we heard Masters have one ot his spells in Des Moines. He berated Christianity and most everything else worth while, and left his audience reeling that Barnum had rather underrated the sucker crop. And he also left us with a strong aversion to poets, spring or any other brand. But we suppose that we, in common with a million other Americans, will spend about $2.50 to purchase his book just to see what he has to say about Lincoln Thereby proving that the damphule crop is not confiner! to poets. And really we wonder wether Masters s a boob or a darned good businessman. ^ tu. KEEP NILKS TOO Hampton Chrolcle: Everybody seems glad that Ton A. Way will be a member of the Iowa state highwav commission. Now if Gov. Dan Turner will appoint Uiff Niles, present chairman of the highway commission to succeed himself, Iowa will have a highway commission second to none in the country. Way and Niles are both outstanding businessmen and that type of men render service of extraordinary value to the tax payers. MEDICS STUDY TOBACCO TTUMAN HABITS, especially those associated With Â·I-I the consumption-of substances not actually foods are difficult to explain to. the outsider. "Even if it doesn't do any harm, what good does it do?" asks the belligerent abstainer of the addict to tobacco. And the poor devotee to the weed cowers speechless because there ig no answer for illogical human nature to make to such cool and merciless interrogations. How can a person tn paradise explain to a heathen who has never sntered it, the beauties of the place? My personal sufferings are considerable in this respect, because I have an aunt who is one of the last living militant crusaders against the tobacco habit. She refers to it I as filthy and degrading, and write letters to the London Times (fron Long Beach, Gal.) about it. She i very severe on the British empir in these letters. I have fallen fron the strict path of virtue as lai out by my ancestors in this matter, but such is th force of moral indignation that even with my pockets bursting with cigars I refrain from smoking in her presence. ' The opponents of tobacco, however, have a pretty hard row to hoe. Its worst enemies do not seem to have been able to prove anything on it except tha it is expensive. John Adams wrote Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse a latter in appreciation of a pamphlet the doctor had written on the baleful effects of the weed Curiously enough the letter was full of the harm John Adams thot tobacco had done him. He had used i for 60 years, he said, but "I am unable to take into my mouth a morsel larger than n swan shot withou sensible and immediate injury. One fraction of UK. quantity I have used in some parts of my life I fully believe would now kill me immediately." But valuable as all this might have been to Dr. Waterhausc's anti- tobacco propaganda, the fact remained that John Adams, the second president of the United States lived to bo 91 years old, still apparently up to his last days chewing tobacco. Many studies have recently been made on all aspects of the tobacco question. Little 'or nothing has been found from the medical standpoint against its use. During the week I .will take the opportunity of recounting the studies that doctors have made on the subject. Kililnr'a N(i(p: Four pamphlets ami four articles ny Dr. CIcmlenlnK c.in now be obtained by sending 10 cents in porn for each pnm|hlct anil 2 cents In coin for each article, with a self- .-ulilresscii. stamped enuelope, to Dr. Lo(;an Clenilenln^, In care of this paper, or Central Press Association, 1-135 East Twelfth Rtrcct, Cleveland, Ohio. The pamphlets are: Â·Â·Rednelnn and C i a l n l n g , " "Infant Feeding," "Instructions for the Treatment of Dfnlietes" and "Feminine Hycienc." The articles are- "Ntr- mnl Diet," "Diet nf the Expectant Mother." "TiUjcrcillnsIs" anil "The Atonic Atnlomlnnl Wall." EARLIER DAYS Â«m II .Ihilly Compilation cif Inlerr.llnit Items from II Twenty Yfnrn Ago" FllM of tho Globe-Giiietta. KEII. 10, 1011 Â·CopyriKlitcd ism ONE MINUTK PULVIT--For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we gronn earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven.--II Corinthians v 1 2 JUST FOLKS Â· 'Â·Â· KDCAR A. CURST TIME Thru all the days of strife and woe, And every care which mortals know Time's face unchanged remains. With us 'twill neither weep nor smile, But, calm, complacent all the while' It starts our ships and trains, Precisely to the minute, too, The note we signed last month falls due. Cornea Easter Sunday when it should To men of evil ways and good, And dawn and dusk and night. And tho we win, and tho we fail, Time never halts its flight, Or turns to look or stays to see What's happening to you and me. Man is hcset by countless things! Distraction round him daily flings Temptations in his way; He loses out because he stays To watch the firemen fight a blaze Or little children play. His plan the touch of chance upsets Man falters, blunders and forgets. Man breaks his leg or fails to think, Â· Or takes too much of food and drink But time. (loon none of these. The old clock ticks the hours away Nor great nor little hand will stay A mortal'i whim to please. And that we rise or that we fall Time doesn't seem to care at all. The Parent Teachers organization of the Central schools will meet Friday evening, Feb. IT at 8 o'clock The program which has been outlined consists of a piano solo by Miss Stanbery, an address by Dr Patton, vocal solo by Mrs. W. S. Rankin, talk by Dr. Albert, reading by Hortense Stettler, which will be followed by refreshments and a social time. The object of this evening session is to make it possible for the fathers to be present and'they are urged to be present at this meeting. The committees which will form the working- force of the Commercial club the coming year were namec by President Heath today. The list contains an addi tional committee on city improvements. The pcrsonne or the committees is completely chonge'd from the makeup of last year. The sentiment of the businessmen is for a paid secretary and one will be procured a, soon as possible. The committees arer Membership George Niess, F. D. Blake, Jay Decker, F. D. Weatherwax, G. S. Avery; financial, Willis G. C. Bagley, Frank Hanlon, Frank Currie, B. C. Halsey, Jacob E. Decker railroad and traffic, W. E. Brice, H. B. Hasbrouck B. C. Heeler, W. J. Johnson, C. W. Damon; advertising, E. L. Balz, E. F. Cornell, Tracy Stevens, J. A. .Van Ness; city improvements and building requirements--Lee Bailey, A. H. Gale, Dr. C. M. Swale N C. Kotchell, C. A. Parker, C. H. Burnham; manufacturing--I. W. Keerl, T. W. Martin, L. W. Denison, W. M. Colby, Ira Knapp; retail merchants--F. A. Granzow, D. W. Vroom, J. H. Lepper, John Stevens, William Orr; good roads--E. A. R. Lloyd, T. A. Potter, C. E. Homers, A. M. Schanke; convention and social-C. H. McNider, Duncan Rule, J. H. McConlogue, the Rev. L. Clark, Fred Norris; fair association and short course--W. L. Patton, C. H. Barber, S. R. Miles, G. M. Woodruff, Fred Mahannah, T. R. Glanville- fish and game committee--Hugh H. Shepard, Ralph Stanbery, A. J. Killmer, George E. Penson, E. A. Patchen. Advices from Manchuria- indicate that the "black death" plixgue, which has swept the eastern part of that country, in the vicinity of Mukden and Harbin has now invaded East Siberia, appearing at Trans- baikalia in the western part of the Amur province. Nearly 6,000 bodies of victims were burned near Harbin, three-fourths being Chinese and the remainder largely Russians. Panic and starvation have added to the horrors of the situation. Flour took a decided slump the past week and from the Minneapolis mills it was announced yesterday that a drop of 55 cents had occurred. At the local board of trade office the prediction was that it would go still lower. The reason for the drop Is the decline in the wheat market which will make a correspondingly lower price in flour. The drop of 55 cents a barrell will affect the local market without doubt as according to the grocers they follow down the general market in all their food products. Storage eggs which have been held at least six months are on the market at 20 cents and under. This is the quotation of the lo:al commission firms who handle them in large quantities. The fresh egg, however, is not so easily procured, but the market for fresh eggs is not good. In fact, there are very few offered and most any old price may procure them. It is expected that fresh eggs may go down soon as the hens are beginning to lay better. The hog market was lower today and $6.80 was the best that was offered. Architect Norse of Des Moines is in the city conferring with the Park hospital officials. Miss Bessie McCulloch will be hostess this evening to the Pedestrian club at her home on West Marna street. Aprons L .s-\~. V l " ' * l " r " 1 h W " " J ' h ""Â·Â·"Â« lt "KÂ»Holli,B of nil kind. of knowtedte. Yoa CM l " Â» o l l i , B o n n. of knowtedte. Yoa C ^ Q. Did Hobby Jones ever "hick out" to win any of his golf championships? K. L. B. A. Bobby Jones has had the lucky breaks in several championship contests, as he freely admits. Some golfers hold to the belief that in the long run the breaks even up; others say the breaks always go to the good player. Q. Which Is tho oldest newspaper In Canada? C. F. A. Montreal Gazette, founded 150 years ago. Q. Wlmt are the activities of the mission boards of the various denominations? J. A. S. A. It would be impossible in a letter to give in detail the activities of the missionary boards of the various religious denominations. The Federal Council of, Churches Year Book has'a concise report of missionary activities of each denomination. You can obtain this from the publishers for $1.65. Address 105 East Twenty-Second street, New York City. Q. Who authorised the first excavations in Pompeii? A. L. A. King Charles III in 1748. Q. How did Wisconsin get itÂ« name? E O'B. A. From the principal river, named quette, Masconsln by Pere Mar- translated wild rushing channel. The present spelling Ss derived from a misprint. All early French documents have Oulgconslnff or Mlsconsing. Q. Is there a Federal la\v which prohibits the Issuance of n check for less than a dollar? G. P. A. There is a federal law stating that "no person shall make, issue, circulate, or pay out any note, check, memorandum, token, or other obligation for a less sum than one dollar, intended to circulate as money or to be received or used In lieu of lawful money of the United States and every person so offending shall be fined not more than 5500 or imprisoned not more than six months, or both, at the discretion of the court." Many individuals and even the government make checks for an amount less than one dollar, but they are not intended to circulate but are only intended to pay the amount of the check to the person the check is made payable to. A check is not lawful money and consequently can not be passed ai lawful money. A check is a personal credit instrument used in place of money. Q. When was the first Christian church built? J. J. A. There ia some difference of opinion. Many historians agree it was at Antioch, about A. D. 50. BO-BROADWAY MEV IN th I EW YORK, Feb. 16.--Tom Beer, the schrivener, lists forty ques- .ions flunked by college students, and in a current magazine article concludes that modern young peo- )Ie, posing- as intellectuals, are ig noront, unlettered and uncultured. Whereupon Columbia students set about evening the score. Fifty- .hree members of the faculty were Â·equested by the boys to answer vtr. Beer's quiz. Forty-three re"used and or the 10 who did take :he test, only four would permit heir names to be used. The professor who conducts courses in Slavonic literature, led'with 55.1 per cent. Certain of the learned gentlemen couldn't tell what chromium is; couldn't name three living; American architects, five English makes of automobiles, or identify Picco- liminl. Two of the professors, one 3! and the other 42, not only couldn' answer the question as to the nor mal period of human gestation bu admitted, under pressure, that they didn't know what gestation means And one of these professors has ihree babies of his own. So far as four professors of Co- umhia are concerned, M. Poincare s still president of France. George Santayona, according to some professorial minds is that "ellow who started for the North D ole in a balloon. And one professor declared that he Federal Reserve System is a trongbox for money, down at Vashington. X7HAT DOES IT MATTER--The ' Â» questionnaire seems to be a eritage of the war, hard to shake, iomebody Is everlastingly prepar- ng a list of questions and firing- hem at you, the answers to which, s a rule, add or detract nothing rom your mental status. And when they're not bombard- ng- youj with technical queries icy're peeping about asking octo- enarians how come they lived so 3ng, and begging stage beauties to ell them, for heaven's sake, how ' Â«y JOSKl-l! VAN HAAI.TE" they manage to retain the freshness of youth in the race of hard work, late hours and grease paint. pUIDE TO GOTHAM--If you vl don't happen to live in town and have ever tried to find out from an average New Yorker Where's a good place to eat, you'll see at once the value of Rian James' new book: "Dining in New York." Rlan tells you where, in Tammany Town, you may procure the best Bouillabnise, Moule Marlniere, Crepe Suzettes, Frijoles, Pompano, Irish Stew, Beef a la Strogonoff, Liver and Bacon, Hash and Griddle Cakes. It's an Intimate guide to 125 famous restaurants and night clubs selected from New York's 10,000, with attention to cuisine, entertainment and atmosphere. It's as necessary a part oÂ£ your trip to New York aa -your time table. THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG THE AAA VIEWPOINT WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.--There has come to our attention a copy of your issue of Feb. 0, in which you commented editorially on the policy of the American Automobile association, under the title "Forgetting Its Membership." While, of course, we sincerely nd- nire vigorous editorial expression, and concede you the full right to ambost us if, in your opinion we ieserve it, nevertheless, it seems to is that perhaps you have been a trifle unfair to UK. The chart to which you referred. vns issued by the National Bus association, which is affiliated with '.he American Automobile Associa- ion. In that cnart, an effort was nade to point out some taxation (Turn l I'nicii n, Column '!). Who's Who and Timely Views WOULD REPAY FOR WAR SACRIFICES By FKANKLIN W. FORT Congressman From New Jersey. BECAUSE of the self-sacrifice of D the people of Arkahsos during IB World war the people of the nitecl States should contribute to t h e R e d C r o s s so that the auf- YOUR'E THE JUDGE 'THE HAWK COUNTY BANNER-GAZETTE waa a i weekly publication deeply concerned in the affairs of Hawk county. The Banner-Gazette at the present ;ime was greatly interested in a campaign for certain egrislation which it believed Hawk county needed. But he gaining of this legislation depended almost entire- y on the control of one county board member who was bitterly against it. The Banner-Gazette opened up an editorial cam- mign against the member and charged him with .1 leaire to delay action until too late to be of any service. The Banner-Gazette proceeded with a campaign of ridicule such aa Hawk county never had seen previously. First it gave the board member a sarcastic lickname and then ridiculed a personal deformity of his. The member could stand it no longer. Urged on by his family, he filed suit for lihel. How would you dcciiln this case? Make up your mind before you rend the decision. fering kansas in A r can be The dcol.tion: The court helil wllli the county board mpmlier. Tti(! JiiclRes rÂ«isonrrl thu.i: arllcl ' s l n llla Kcner"! scope nnrt meaning wen- Injurious , i i * *H Â· hcmaelvcn r1 , cm '' cr '" reputlMlftn, nnd brot lllm Inlr, rl.licule nm! wor1 " chÂ«racl*r nf an, . - ridicule anil conlempt are llbclous In Franklin Foci of 43 r e l i e v e d a n d America can repay this debt. L a s t summer a drought of unprecedented severity s t r u c k large sections of t h e U n i t e d nowhere forcibly than in Arkansas. On all but 1 States, m o re consecutive days t h e thermometer went above 100 de- ffrees, and for three months the rainfall practically never moistened the ground. Arkansas is a farming state; her crops were destroyed. And in the wake of the destruction, 1-13 banks failed in six months, so that both the income and the savings of her people were gone. It was my privilege during the World war to be n member of the Washington staff of the United States food administration. In the fall of 1018 we had a real -shortage of sugar. We made allotments to the atnles. For November we fixed for Arkansas about 4,000,000 pounds--about two pounds n person. Well, along- in October a telegram came to Washington from the Arkansas state food administrator, tendering 1,000,000 pounds of Arkansas sugar allotment for November as n. Christmas present to the troops in France--not to Arkansas' troops, but America's troops. And as a result the people of Arkansas had only a little over a pound of sugar apiece for the month of November. Arkansas gave, not out of plenty, but out of scant supplies. And today the people of Arkansas need food and neerf it desperately. Two methods are suggested to meet their need. One la thru a government appropriation, as we handle poor and alms cases, taxing our people to pay the bill. The other is by the voluntary contributions of American citizens as we care for our families, our friends and neighbors in their time of need. Which method shall we u.se? Arkansas answered that question for us in 1918. She asked no law, no tax, to stir the generosity of her people. She enforced no contributions from them, but out of their great hearts they gave as individuals that others might live. And now we, you and I and all of us, have the chance thru our gifts to the Red Cross, to return to the people of Arkansas the food that they cast across the waters. And we will, I know we will; not as a thing of laws or taxes, but In that fine and generous spirit which livst in every true American, that spirit of which Arkansas gave such compelling proof--the spirit of unsparing self-sacrifice.