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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, SEPTEMBER 1935 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AH A. W. LKB N t H S P A P E K Issued Evcr Week Day oy tin MASON crrv GIXJBE-GAZETTE COMPANY tn-123 EaÂ»t StatÂ« Strwt Telephone No. 8800 LEE P. LOOMI3 W. EARL HALL ENOCH A.. NOREM LLOYD L, GEER Publisher Managing Editor City Editor Advertising Manager ALEilBKK, ASSOCIATED h-HESS wnicn U eictmively tnlUltC ta the aft tot publication of ill newt plapatctea credited to It or not otberwiÂ»t credited IB tills paper, and all local newÂ«. 1IEMBEK, IOWA DA1UV fKESS ASSUUtAT^N. with DM Motnes newÂ« and business office* a *DS Shopi Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES tfoaon City and Clear LAKo. iyasoo Cit and Clear LakÂ«. br ttÂ« year Â« 7 Â°Â° D * "Â» wepl * * '" OUTSIDE MASON (TIT AND t X E A B LAKE Per year by carrier t? 00 By mail a month* Â»1 2n Per wcei by carrier f 14 By moll 3 months J1.25 Per week by mall 54.00 By mall 1 month * .60 OUTSIDE 100 Ull.K ZONE p*r yÂ«ar. ...16.00 SI* montha. . . .$3.25 Three niontJu. . .Â»l.7n ing difficultie* at home. It Is called Machiavellian. be- cauae that medieval Italian diplomat ftrÂ«t put thÂ« formula In writing. But Machiavelli only pointed out a dodge which Is older than history. A rising under Die popular Prince Humbert and the handsome Balbo would be a serious threat to Mussolini. And It aomehow has the look of likelihood about it, although of course the censorship suppresses any real information. But it is just the sort of thing that could happen, and eventually probably will, aÂ« Italians get more and more fed up with the economic blunders and the ferocious saber-rattling of H Dune. "BAD FAITH" CHARGED /yÂ»HE case against returning to leaf-raking and frozen Â·*Â· clod-breaking involved in the president's recent decision for Harry Hopkins in his fight with HuroUl Ickes over how the four billion dollar relief fund should be expended la admirably set forth In the following editorial out of the current issue of "Central Con- frtructor:" "Bad faith to the extent of some hundreds of mll- Hons of dollars Is evidenced in the federal government's surrender to the Harry Hopkins scheme for spending tlve four billion dollars appropriated for the employment of ^3,500,000 jobless men *nd women during the coming t.-inter. "This bad faith is not simply the denial of something which was affirmatively promised--supposedly on the word of the government itself. It Is worse and more than that. It is a. refusal tn fulfill commitments upon the basis of which both individuals and entire communities have incurred vast expense, none of it now salvageable. "The community which had been assured, as the Â·otire country was assured months ago, that if it would raise the money to defray 55 per cent of the cost of a worth-while improvement project the government would grant it the other 45 per cent and which, on the strength of that promise, held a special election Â«nd voted bonds to raise the 55 per cent, can never get back the cost of that election. Of course, there are communities which can stand the cost of a special Â·lection without bankruptcy or without too severe a financial strain. "But what of the individuals, the architects and engineers, who were engaged by communities to prepare plans and specifications for such projects and have themselves incurred tremendous expense--in the -for this work. They were even given to under- Â·tand m many instances that the communities which had retained their services were going to be able to get the funds to compensate them, at least partially, before contracts were awarded, through advances of parts of the 45 per cent grants to defray these preliminary expenses. Many of these professional firms ha7e had very little work to do during recent years. They had shortened their personnel. But, with prospects of substantial public work and with commissions from hopeful communities for projects to be financed by the grant plan these firms called back their draftsmen and other help, proceeded in good faith and in dependence upon the government's given pledge. "But they are not to get their money and the citieÂ» and towns and other units which counted upon governmental assurances are not going to get the money with which to pay them. Financial disaster faces these men in great numbers. "Harry Hopkins prefers his own 'made work," bis leaf-raking, hole-digging-and-filling kind of a pro- pram. And he seems able to put his scheme over with the forces which count at Washington and at Hyde Park. "President Roosevelt's simple arithmetic of last summer, which waa to divide the four billion dollars by three and a half million men and discover that those unemployed could be put to work If only the projects selected were such as to give a man a job for a year with each $1,140 spent--that arithmetic has gone sadly awry. "So far no word has been issued that more than the 3,500,000 are to be employed, or that less than the four billion dollars is available to pay them. But the division of one sum Into the other now produces an answer that the man-year cost shall be kept clown far lower. The president put it around $500 in the statement he issued after Harry Hopkins had successfully stalled off the Ickes attempt to get some consideration for worth-while PWA projects. A check of the man-year cost of those projects which Hopkins has already approved shows a figure of about 5700. "Yet the job which was to be permitted because it was to be built at an $1,1-10 man-year cost, certainly was going to involve a lot more for materials and other than labor-at-the-site costs--certainly a lot more for such things than will the ?700 man-year job. But that $1,140 cost was not going to bo. too great to permit hiring all of the 3,500,000 out of the funds available. What, then, is to be done with that additional 5140 01 more per man-year which Harry Hopkins is so Insistent shall not be spent? "There are open chnrges that Hopkins' policy is dictated by a violent animosity toward FWA and all its works, including Ickes. Mr. Hopkins may deny that but his actions seem to lend color to the charge. "Congressman Beiter of New York, a democrat, has accused Hopkins of 'practically wrecking' the PWA program through his 'zeal to promote his own WPA program.' " 'It is clear to me,' he said, 'that the policy of Mr. Hopkins is to spend the vitst majority of the four billion dollars on a colossal CWA program, paying men at the subsistence wage scale rather fhnn the prevail ing rate of pay which Is guaranteed under T W A pro jects.' "It is just now a bit difficult to visualize a gain from the Hopkins policy for anybody but Mr. Hopkins He rides high in presidential favor. He is able to dis seminate hundreds and thousands of much-appreciates Jobs to his henchmen. He will be able to set hlmscl up as the fellow who passed out billions and hired millions. "But the men he hires will barely live. The billions he spends will buy n o t h i n g more permanent than the aKhes of a bonfire of a u t u m n leaves. And then* is being erected a. monument of distrust in official won! which will be d i f f i c u l t to pull down. Bad f a i t h has a way of hanging on. It will take a lot. of e x t r e m e l y grateful leaf-rakers In tb; Â»7GO a year crews to offset the disgruntled communities which look f o i w a n i to paying back billions in taxes spent for things t h t v d i d n t want to buy and frittr-rect away in Inconsequential boon-doggling while needed i m p r o v e m e n t s are passed up in all parts of the country." PLAUSIBLE~R U M OR rpHERE is a fantastic dispatch in the papers that, If true, may explain much hitherto hard to understand about Mu.ssolini's policy. It is to the effect that Prince Humbert, son of the king of Italy, hits been preparing a revolt agninst II Duoe, with the aid of General Balbo, the popular aviation idol of fascism remembered in thla country as the bearded soldier who led the Italian air fleet to the Chicago exposition. Balbo was demoted and . c ent to govern the desert colony of Libya by Jl DucÂ«. because of bla personal popularity. He got too big, and Mussolini would brook Bo rival. If this sort of attack upon his power Is in the making, the reason for Mu.isÂ»olini's apparent reckless bullheadedncBH in dealing with Ethiopia and the league 1* not hard to gra.sp. He is working the old trick of the- beleaguered and sinking dictator--starting a for- dism war a* a distraction to his people against grow- That the Wisconsin legislature has finally adjourned--several months after all others in United States--is rather convincing proof that there '.VMS nothing more to say and that all the expense money had run out. The f u t u r e will have no more severe, indictment, of the pre.fent administration than that It tried to ull through legislation known to be unconstitutional n character. There may be a triumph of mind over matter on our college campuses through the remainder of the year but in the fall it's certainly football over Phi Beta Kappa. Assuming that the constitution is outmoded because it didn't avert the depression in like assuming .hat railroads arc no good because there was a wreck once. Even "A pork chop In every skillet" would have quite a political appeal these days. Simile: Closely related'as speed and fatalities In automobile accidents. The PROS and CONS THE DILLINGER GANG Chicago Daily News: They wanted to be heroes, ["hey were hoodlums. They wanted to be admired. They vere despised. They wanted to be thought brave, but what is bravery? The lion is brave; the bull elk is rave; the hyena and the jackal are merely desperate. Easy money was their dream, and the power of error. All they ever enjoyed was the hot cash of their 'owarclly robberies and the high power of the ears ind gims they stole. Women, trio, they desired. But the tender devotion of woman was not for such as they. They never knew it what moment some woman might betray them. They wished for happy Idleness and pleasant leisure. But they were hunted ruen. The icy hand of fear lay perpetually on their shoulders. They could not so much is walk into a restaurant or theater without a qualm. They could not stop at a filling station without finger- ng a pistol. They could not stroll down a street with- Dut looking behind them. They could not even talk to a child without suspicion. Solitude and seclusion--in heso lay their only safety. Yet the whole of the United States was not big enough to hide them. They who live by the gun ahull perish by the gun. ?he police of Waterloo, Iowa, got Tommy Carroll. The St. Paul police got Homer Van Meter. A sheriff's posse near Beanblosaom, Ind,, shot clown Joe Jenkins. Harry 'ierpont, though he recovered from his bullet wounds, vas promptly electrocuted. Prison guards at Columbus, Ohio, did for Charles Makley. Hurb Youngblood "ell dead under police fire at Port Huron, Mich. Gene Green, Babyface Nelson and DlllSnger himself were shot by federal agents. Now the score is complete, fohn Hamilton, mortally wounded months ago In a )ollce battle, found rotting, fully dressed, in his shal- ow grave, with lye on his hands and face, is the last of the gang to be accounted for. They died with their xots on, and they died young. REFLECTIONS ON McADOO WEDDING L. H. Henry In Charles City Press: When McAdoo married his second wife, President Wilson's daughter, she was young enough to be his daughter and then some, and after their divorce which was natural enough, he has married a girl yotiug enough to be his granddaughter. Now looking Into the future and considering similar tragedies to his second exploit, a warning is given to the mothers of the country that he might be prowling around over the country engaged in the questionable practice of robbing cradles. But the new bride is a nurse and It Is possible it mny be something of a business transaction. Anyway, its January and June and societv has something to chatter about. "SIX DIE IN AUTO ACCIDENTS" Clarion Monitor: Not so ninny years ago people looked upon accidental killing of a poison hi an automobile accident as a terrible thing. Today and nearly every day we read in lown, and most other states, of a gradually mounting death rale from this cause. While liquor Is a contributing cau.se, reckle.ss driving and excessive speed nre accountable for a far larger percentage of deaths. The above headlines are so common today that they cruise only passing comment. P A C K I N G A T O Crcsco Times: The hop packing industry in this country operated at an extremely low water stage during t h e month of August when only 1,667,540 heat were slaughtered as against 1!,011,187" in August last year. During the first eight months of :i93f lie pack- era kilieri ]7.17'2,fi30 hogs n.s comparer! with 29,220,4)ia during the first eight months oÂ£ lfÂ»34. These fig are the lowest in more than 30 years. ANOTHER ITEM OF PROGRESS Nashua Reporter: Statisticians have discovered that tobacco chewing In the U n i t e d States is on the wane. Tobacco growers nee.i not worry, however. Th Increase in clgaret smoking will take "up Hie surplus And, tobacco stains on mother's fingers do not look n. bad as tobacco juice on dad's chin. L.UCKV NORTH IOWA New Hampton Tribune-Gazette: This flection o. Iowa has had three yenrs of good crops and nowr a f a i l u r e . If we took care of what \ve got we wontr never need hutt little, if any, from the relief program NO SUCCIC.SSo7T~FOR LON'G Deeorah J o u r n a l : Long was- an individualist. Tt is d o u b t f u l that, a new loader to t a k e his place will he developed. His political machine l i k e l y w i l l c r u m b l e . OUT WANOKIUNX; A PJT~HF.RSKLF M A Y B T O Cre.'iu- Hr-corder: W h a t has become of the o l d fashioned mother who used to sit up n i l n i g h t waiting for her wandering boy? DAILY SCRAP BOOK . By SCOTT AH EXPERT* SKIE.F*. MAKE AO MILES OF SOME. oF-tfm BEST 3ROWN IN CUBA MAKE LEAVES LI^H-T" IM COLOR OBSERVING 1$ SrMD -to BE/1HE. 8oX-f RR WAR PURPOSES -- BUILT"in BRMXin -frtE. BOA.T MADE 50 KNOT-?. IN SPEEDTRIAIS CopjrrfcM. 1M*. hf Central Pna Aawhtfcm. Im. 9 ~3O DIET and HEALTH Or. ClendenltiR cannot titgnoa* or give persona.] jinawen to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest, however, they will hÂ« tftkon up, In order. In the dally column. Address your inquiries to Dr. Logan deadening, care of ThÂ« Globe-Gazette. Write Jeglbly and not more than 200 word*. By l.OOAN rLENDENXNG, M. D. " FEVER UTILIZED FOR HEALING [T WAS not so very many years ago that fever waa I regarded by physicians as a symptom to combat. A whole series of drugs, known as antipyretics, were used to reduce fever; cole! baths were employed for the same purpose. Gradually the thought grew that fever was not an unfavorable symptom; that, as a matter of fact, it was probably a defense mechanism of the body, that germs did not thrive so well at a high temperature and immune creaaed. reactions were in- From that, it was but a step to regard fever as a healing' measure, and to actually induce fever for the treatment of various diseases. Tliis idea in our day was started by a Vienna neurologist, Professor Wagncr-Jauregg, who used it in hitherto Incurable nervous af- n _. . .-- fections, particularly genera! par- i/r. ci.ndenmj a i yg j a . i n order to induce fever, Wagner-Jauregg first Inoculated patients with malaria. Ancients Used Treatment. Such treatment, however, by no means began in modern days. The ancients were well acquainted with :he use of fever In treatment. Hippocrates describes its effect upon mental conditions, and Galen treated melancholia with malaria. Hot baths, which sent the body temperature up, were popular with the Greeks and Romans, aa well as the Egyptians and ancient Jews. In the fifteenth century the physicians of Louia XI of France adviaed him to contract malaria in order to got rid of his epilepsy, and an old medieval physician is reported to have said: "Give me a means of causing fever and I will cure most diseases." Not only La general paralysla treated in this way now, but other nervous conditions, such as locomotor ataxia, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and certain mental troubles; also various forms of arthritis, especially tho.se In which the superficial body temperature is low. There are many ways of inducing fever--one by the injection of malaria; another by the injection of typhoid bacilli. Important Discovery. In 1929 the General Blectric laboratories noticed that the operators of radio generators carried a tem- pi-rature. Almost at the same time it was noticed that the same phenomenon appeared in the radio operators on big ships. This led to the conclusion that shorl ether waves were possessed of the property, and an instrument known as a "pyrexoreter" is used in many hospitals, which wil! Induce a temperature of 102 to 103 in half to three-quarters of an hour. For those who cannot have access to these methods some friends of mine have found that simple immer- sinn in a very hot bath is an effective way of employing this treatment. EDITOR'S NOTE: Six pamphlets by Dr. Clendcn Ing can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin for each and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three-cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening, in can of this paper. The. pamphlets ore: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining," "Infant Feed i"k'," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes,' "Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair am Skin." EDITOR'S MAIL BAG SOME STRAY THOUGHTS FROM A R E A D E R MESKUVKY. Sept. 28.--Wonder \vhr.t will become of Hitler, Mussolini and the Japs, when they have no more woak worlda In conquer * * * It is suggested that the state might try a couple of republicans now on the Iowa liquor commission. Their being out of o f f i r e for a. while, should help to keep them in the straight and narrow path. Scorns to bo a big t e m p t a t i o n in that job, somehow, ami it mnkos a mighty good to.st for anybody * * * Hope those "I am president" articles of Huey's in the dfiilios will soon be finished, Â»o we can forget about It all Â« Â» * And why condemn all autos built for spend when it's only a few irresponsible, hntr-breadth drivers who cause the sma.shupx? -pretty tough though on the Innocent vctim.s * Â« Â» Another t h i n g thru might help the country would be to arrange to keep the really, worthwhile Americans out of the airplanr-.s. For the rest it wouldn't make so much difference * Â» * M. A. SMITH. ONCE OVERS EARLIER DAYS in* a Dally Compilation of Intamttni Items from the Ten, Twenty and Thirty Years Airn File* nf the Globe-Gazette. ?hlrty Years Ago--Percy Church left today for Poetville where he will Â·nter the law office of Attorney McNeal. Mort Gibaon arrived today from La Cross*, Wis., where he has been for the past few months. Dr. Stinehart is home from a few days' visit in St. 'aul. John Stanton has returned from a visit to hia Minnesota farm. Mrs. George Durr has returned from a visit with riends'at Brltt. Miss Edna Lowe haa gone to Fayette for a few ays' visit with relatives. Miss Emma Paul of Spirit Lake ia In the city and will attend Totand university. Jay Vance has gone to Sanborn where he will assist in the yards there as a switchman. Postofflce Clerk Bert Quackenbush la taking a few ays' vacation and will rest up in the meantime. Mrs. Charles Sewell of Belvidere, III., has arrived n the city and will be the guest of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. N. G. Thome. "wenty Years Ago-LONDON--The great struggle on the western front as now resolved Itself into a battle for Lens, in Pas De Calais, nine milea northeast of Arras. PARTS--Increasing intensity of the big battle all along the western front with possibilities that the cri- ia in the great war may be close at hand is indicated y French authorities in summarily curtailing cable ;ervice to and from France, with Intimations that the Sermans are suffering terrific losses in the Allies' drive. PETROGRAD--Territorial gains of considerable extent by the Russians are reported by the war office today. Lloyd L. Pond of Belmond visited in the city yes- :erday. Miss Nellie O'Reiley of Dougherty was in the city yesterday. Mrs. T. M. Garvici of Arcadia is visiting friends .n the city today. Mrs. S. E. Andrewa of Winterset visited in the city yesterday. Mrs. H. R. Berg of Lake Mills in visiting friends in the city for a few days. Ten Years Ago--Mr, and Mrs. Harry Homrig left today for St. Paul where they will visit for a few days. Frank Sanford, chief of police, haa returned to his duties after a two weeks' vacation. During his absence, DeLos Fitzgerald, night captain, acted as chief. Drs. George M. Crahb, R. L. Woodward, C. F. Starr and W. E. Long drove to Nashua today to attend the meetings of the Austin Flint Cedar Valley Medical society. J. D. Evans. L. S. Moorhead, G. M. Stevens and Lee P. Loomis visited at Hampton yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. Leslie Ramsey are among the Mason Cityans who are attending the national convention of the American Legion at Omaha. Mrs. M. J. Severns, 123 Second street southwest, visited at Webster City yesterday. understand that the following contribution on "The Schoolhouse by the Road" prompted by a recent visit ot the writer, M. J. DUon. 303 Fifteenth street northwest, to the little school 2 mUÂ«* east of Bassett: Tfc, .rho.fcoMt cUH Â«*Â«Â·Â«Â« by MM Â«Me ol the M4. II hM Â·to** (hm f** mutmy a BÂ«t I amcr naM hy witfcwt havtac to Uy To aBtwnw both a untie and a tear. Then the day at oar cÂ»IUta*iÂ»4 wen paued Â«Blekly by; "Tta now bat a faraway dream; O, fw a retnra of UKMW dayÂ« once again. What a ehaaie tn onr MvÂ«* H wouM seem. I came to the tchoolcround one brlitit kum- nier day; Tbe children at reeeu went out; And playtnc the game* that we pUyed km* acu. In the yard where onee rang our zlad Â»hoat. The face* I uw whea I (topped there thai Â«Â»Â», Wore none that I knew lour before. Hut the grawe* that (rew la the yard and the road. Were anchansed, jÂ»t the uune M Â»f yore. The building had. changed from It* color of red, For lonieone bad painted It white. It looked very well Â«Â· that aunmhJny norn, Hut lomrhow It didn't Â«eem right. I paated In the Mboolronm, H looked much the tame; Though the Mholan I knew were not there. But my thought! wÂ«re aooa flown to tbti one* 1 had known. When together we breathed the same air. But Home are now scattered Hke atrawi by the wind, And carry the biirdrna of life; While other* have paÂ»ed to their greater reward, And art* free from the paÂ»lona of strife. Time fllfi quickly by und ftometlmen I nigh, When I think uf the frtendi of before: But when we are called from the trivia of this life, May we meet on Eternity'* shore. do wish the health authorities would get together and make up their minds about spinach. Their indecision on this point (the latest word is that it is not after all essential to the diet of children) is making it pretty tough for us parents who have been bearing down on our offspring with the story: "You'll never grow up to be a fullback if you don't eat your spinach." I am in two minds about this thing. In one breath I feel like throwing my hat into the air and shouting Whee! The coming generation has been released from a painful bondage. Ain't it something Then in the next breath I fall to grieving over the mountains 01 spinach--lots of 'it gritty--which my generation and the one before and behind it, have been forced to consume under false pretenses, anc I feel deep, dark curses welling up within me. Somebody, I say darkly to myself, should suffer for this A great outrage has been committed upon millions of small people Is there no redress? Is there no justice? I suppose there is no question that what you eat has a great deal to do with your health. : suppose that minerals and vitamins, fata and starches, carbohydrates and calories, do play an im- xrtant part in fueling the human xdy. An engine runs better on the type of fuel suited to its carburetor, and I suppose the human engine is the same. But I do wish the matter could be settled and disposed of, once and for all time. --o-am informed by Miss Ida E. IVeraen of the junior college that the Mason City tree census, begun last year, is being continued this year. The announcement from her follows: "In our college biology classes we are again studying the trees of the city as we did last year. We would like to express appreciation to the individuals who are assisting us with their comments, etc. We are interested in the new, the rare examples of trees in our city as well as in those which are so abundant. We hope to make a Tree Book for Mason City." Members of the class are receiving a cordial welcome as they proceed from one place to another in their quest of trees. The knowledge of the subject possessed by many of the householders contacted by them has proved quite surprising. ----O---v e n t u r e an interesting book could be written on the subject of speech peculiarities. Why is it, for example, that "down-eastcrs" end the word "idea" with an "r?" Remember how Calvin Coolidge used to do it in his radio talks? Why do easterns and southerners drop their "r's" when they're really needed? Why isn't this done in the middlewest, in view of the fact that most of our early day settlers were from the east where "r's" are habitually dropped? Why do Missourlans pronounce "cow"' as if it were "caouw?" Why do Germans, Scandinavians, Greeks, Italians and al: of our other immigrants have their own peculiar ways of mispronouncing our l a n g u a g e -their distinctive dialects as it were? An interesting book, I said. Maybe it would hike two books to cover the subject with any completeness. can't suggest a better safe| ty resolution for today than ' the following, applying to your winter driving. "I will not under any conditions let my motor run in a closed garage or drive on the open highway with sealed windows.'' The most alarming single note in the country's alarming death toll from motor vehicles is carbon monoxide gas. Its treachery lies In the fact that it slips up on ita victim, unheard, unseen and unfelt. ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON A render can get the answer to an question uf (uct b writing the Glube- Oazctte Information Bureau, Frnlerlc J. HAtklrii Director, Washington, D. (Xi Please Inclose three 3 cents tor reply TOMORROW IS THE DAY OCT. I 1S.V 1 foi WHAT DO YOU EXPECT TN RETURN T it true that you expect much commendation r the meritorious things you do ? You want to be gushed over and praised out of all proportion to your Â·Kvompllshment. If you do a charitable act, you are dissatisfied until it becomes known. If It is something i'roditable in public performance, you cannot rest un- l i l l you have heard In detail all the complimentary thing's possible. In fact, most of your good acts are prompted by the expectation of applause and you nre disappointed if you don't get plenty. You may be surprised to learn that you are missing real satisfaction. Thr deepest feeling of gratification comes from appreciation of something done without any thought of remuneration or acclaim. The deed prompted by good- ru'.v* of heart carries its own reward. To know that you h;ivc given pleasure or service to another should Ve all the recompense desired. To feel that it LÂ» known only to the one benefited should bring the greatest .1iy'. if you have the right spirit behind your benevolence. .SCUIPTURAI, THOUGHT--For the upright shall dwell in tho land, and the perfect ahall remain in it.--Proverb* 2:21. Notable Births--TT.ugene Gladstone O'Neil!, born 1888, No. 1 American dramatist of all time. He was born right on Broadway but he ha,s never seen one of his plays presented" there. .. .Glen Frank, born 1S87. president of the University of Wisconsin.... Louis Untermyer, horn 1885, American poet. .. .Alice Joyce, born J890, cinemactress. .. .Benjamin Berkely HotchkisB, born 1826 in Wntertown, Conn., destined to ii.se, from smalltown machinist to world's No. T artillery engineer. Shells he developed were used more than any other variety in the war between the states and were adopted by nine other nations. . . .Henry Clay Work, born .1832 in Middleton, Conn., destined to write more than 100 popular songs, including the enduring Marching Through Georgia. He was never in Georgia. (h-i. 1. 8S1 B. C.--A lunar eclipse enabled 25 year old Alexander "the Great" of Macedon, to win the battle of Arnbela (Asia Minor}, capture King Darius Cadomanus, and crush thp, Persian empire. When his propagandists had created consternation among the 1,000.000 in the Persian army by telling them the eclipse was an omen of the wrath of the gods. Alexander's mere 40,000 easily put them to rout. In the looting of three cities that followed. Alexander's army got $150,000,000 in gold and 25,000 mule loads of jewels and art treasures. Â· Â« Â· Oct. 1, 1800--Minnesota, the Dakotas, Montana, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma and sun- d r y other portions came under the French flag for a seeond time. Spain Becretly retroceded Louisiana territory to France. Â· Â· * Oel. 1, 11)10--The Los Angclea Times building won dynamited with the loss of 21 lives, producing the mast celebrated labor cause celcbre in American history. What can be done about persons putting fake coins in civndy mid marble game machines? W. Y. The question referred to in your letter is entirely a matter of local laws. We would suggest that you inquire from your local authorities as to the penalty of placing fake coins in candy and marble machines. What were the names of the people who.se kidiinpings mudo Uaisuli famous? D. H. Three: Walter Harris, Tangier correspondent of the London Times; Ion Perdicaris, American citizen; Caid Sir Harry Mac Lean, colonel of the sultan's bodyguard. In each case, the bandit received a huge ransom. What IR the, first Instance of an a:t of congress being called uncon- stitutloimlV E. B. The Marbury vs. Madison case decided in 1803 by the U. S. supreme court under Chief Justice Marshall was- the first decision in which an act of congress was annulled as unconstitutional. How long has Incense bcfln used? W. T. Used in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, and is mentioned in the Old and New Testaments. It was introduced into public worship in the Catholic church in the 6th century. Why do glass bottles filled with colored wntcr denote drug stores C. M. It is a survival from the days when )"ow knew how to read. In thai time shoppers naturally could nol depend on written or lettered signs to tell them where to find w h a t they were seeking. The shopkeeper had to illustrate bis wares. There fore, if he were a druggist, he dis played prominently a mortar anc pestle, emblems of his profession and also in his 1 windows jars anc bottles of various colored liquids .supposedly samples of the myster ious dnigs which he had in hi. stock. Is there a vehicle called a palanquin? M. C. An Oriental conveyance, often enclosed, used for long distances by travelers where railroads or good carriage-roads do not exist. It Is a wooden box, with shutters like Venetian blinds. At each end of the palanquin two rings are fixed, and the palanquin-bearers support the conveyance by a pole passing through these rings. What Is the avenge si/* of a wolf? J. E. A full grown wolf measures R feet S inches in length, whereof 18 inches belong to the tail; its height la 33 inches and its weight more What is a, jongleur? M. S. A medieval entertainer, skilled in singing and in such feats as are performed by the modern juggler, whose name is derived from jong- eur. How did Ninety-Six, S. Car., get Its name is due to the fact that t was 96 miles from Fort Prince 3oorge on Keowee river. How is a person Initiated into the Caterpillar club? F. B. The actvial "baling out," making an emergency parachute jump from airplane, is consiflered the initiation. Why does gasoline nin through a strainer through which water docs not pass" K. T. Water, when the pressure is not sufficient to overcome its surface tension, will remain in a vessel having small perforations. This is noticeable in the gasoline strainer in an automobilo through which gasoline will run, but through which water will not run. Once the pressure on the water is sufficient to break clown its tendency to form globules on oily surfaces, the rate at which it goes through small openings is at least as great as for other liquid substances of the same vlÂ»- cosity. If a ship sank in midocean would It go to tho bottom or would the water pressure hold It up part way? G. W. K. When a vessel sinks at sea, it passes to the bottom and docs not remain suspended at any given depth. This ia because the specific gravity of the vessel is greater than that of the water surrounding It. than 100 pounds. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "My notion is that Jane's health would improve pretty quick if she could see a motion picture of herself eat- in'."