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SIX MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 26 1936 NEWS AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS .(THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD} B e t t e r Farming . . . Better Roads $23,000,000 OF SURPLUS BUTTER, CHEESE BOUGHT Daily Section of AAA Makes Report of Purchases for Relief. More than 23 million dollars worth of price-depressing surplus dairy products, bought by the government to relieve occasional surpluses ii? the dairy industry, have been distributed to persons on relief during the last two and a half years, the dairy section of the agrri- cultural adjustment administration announces. Since the surplus dairy products purchase program began in August, 1933, with funds made available to the agricultural adjustment administration by congress, a, total of 69,016,429 pounds of butter, 18,112,278 pounds of cheese. 15,842,263 pounds of dry skim mi!k, and 47,026,785' pounds of evaporated milk were bought. In addition, a total of 5,908,020 pounds of butter was purchased by the federal surplus commodities corporation with funds made available to it. Expenditures for surplus dairy products from funds made available to the agricultural adjustment administration by congress, follow: Butter, $16,433,251; cheese, $3,065,878; dry skim milk, $982,121; evaporated milk, ?2,436,311. Distribution of purchases began Oct. 1, 1933. From then until December 31, 1935, a total of 74,875,803 pounds of butter, 18,105,271 pounds of cheese, 15,490.500 pounds of dry skim milk, and 46,086,400 pounds of evaporated milk were distributed to the needy and unemployed who otherwise would have gone without these products. FARM B U R E A U N E W S A Weekly Feature Depicting Activities of Ccrro Gordo County Organization. SURVEY OF SOILS IN COUNTY MADE Rotation Being Planned by Committee to Double Legumes Seeded. A survey of the soils of Cerro Gordo county by the U. S. Soils Survey shows that one half of the soils do not need drainage, one quarter would be benefittcd by the drainage. There arc some soils in the bottom lands which need special treatment according to their composition which should be determined by special analysis before anything is done to them. In general the county soils committee has planned this rotation. The major soil rotations recommended in the preliminary meeting here has been corn, oats and clover also corn, corn, oats and clover. In Jiese cases the clover is used either for hay or pasture, using red clover or sweet clover depending on the condition of the soil. Where alfalfa is used it is a longer rotation and consists qf corn, corn, oats and alfalfa for approximately 3 years. Another shorter rotation has been corn, oats, with sweet clover plowed under the first year either in the fall or the spring. If a management irogram that will maintain the fer- ility of the soil is put into practice n Cerro Gordo county, according to estimates made, it will virtually double the acreage of clover or le- ;umes seeded. From an estimate of approximately 36,000 to 72,000 acres. IMItlU UUKKAU OFI'ICEKS Andrew Olson President Earl M. Dean vice president S. A. ilat-hre Secretary Funny man! He says the rich can't get to heaven; then he prays for riches. -- Davenport Times. Dead Animals OF ALL KINDS REMOVED Mason City Rendering Co. We ray Plume Calls, SALE DATES Each. Wednesday on the Farm Page, the Globe-Gazette will print a list of "Sale Dates Caimed." If you are planning a sale, you are invited to use this Free Service. Simply send your name, and the time and place of your sale to the Globe-Gazette, attention VC. Hicks. February 27--Public Auction Sale, 11 a. m., Lund Sales Stables, east edge of Mason City. February 27--Livestock Sale, 12 , noon, Garner Sales Co., Garner, Iowa. February 28--Public Auction Sate, Clear Lake Sales Co., Clear Lake, Iowa. February 38--Public Farm Sale, 12:30 p. m., George Knanpp, li/ 2 miles east of Garner, Iowa. February 28--Closing Out Sale, 12:30 p. m., C. O. Doll, 5 miles west of Mason City on Highway No. 18. February 29--Livestock Auction, Marvel Sales Co., Webster City, Iowa. February 2il--Public Sale , E. G. Dougherty, 8 miles cast of Rockwell. March 2--Closing Out Sale, 12:30 p. m., Charles Musil, 2 miles west of Dougherty, Iowa. March 3--Public Auction Sale, 12 noon, Mrs. Gene Hell}', 1 mile north and 2i/ z miles west of Dougherty, Iowa. March 4--Horse and Cattle Sale, 11:30 a. m., W. 3. Murphy Cales Corporation, Charles City, Iowa. March 6--Farm Auction Sale, 10 a. m., Walter Vining, Osage, Iowa. March 6--Public Sale, 12 noon, Charles Kosenau, 2i/ 2 miles north of Ventura, Iowa. March 9--Bred Sow Sale, 1 P. M., Emmcrt Bros., 2 miles eaat of Mason City. Demonstrations on Installing Running Water to Be Given Special arrangements have been made with C. H. Van Vlack, specialist in agricultural engineering and federal housing, to give demonstration on installing of running water in the home. These demonstrations will be given on March 12 'and 13. Definite places for holding tlie dem- ' - ~ Several- places are being considered and it will depend somewhat, on the weather and roads.- Boys' Club Leaders to Hold Meeting for Organization of Work An organization meeting of boys' club leaders and 4-H club committee will be held at the Farm Bureau office on Friday, Feb. 28, at 1 o'clock. At this meeting plans will be made for the boys' club program for 1936. Subjects to be discussed will be the activities of the year. What program helps will be desired for the meetings and what educational program are the boys interested in to strengthen the meetings 1 What will be the objectives of the Cerro Gordo county boys for 1936? These will all be decided and definite plans made according to Jay Vendelboe, four county 4-H club agent. Co-Operation Institute to Meet March 3 and 4 The sixth auual session of the Institute of Co-operation will be held at Hotel Savery at Des Moines on March 3 and 4. This is a meeting of 12 of the co-operative organizations in the state. The objective of this program is to further the interests of co-operative organizations and Â·develop a closer co-ordination. Dr. Don S. Anderson of Madison. ~7is., win discuss the need for and justification of co-operation in agriculture on March 3 at 1 o'clock. Next will be reports from the 12 different organizations co-operating. The banquet will be at 6:30, at which time Dr. T. W. Schultz of Iowa State college will discuss the development of an effective program of educational work in co-operation and marketing. On Wednesday March 4, S. H. Thompson of Iowa State college '.viJl discuss activities of co-operative councils in other states. Observations, impressions and suggestions regarding general topics, will be discussed by J. H. Mason of the Omaha Bank for Co-operatives. FARM BUKEAU D1BEUTOKS Grant Wayne Wollurd, Clear i-ake Lincoln Bert H. Myhre. Clear LaK Lime creek Leslie vanNote, Mason Citj Falls Paul H. Matzcn, Mason City Clear Lake John Perkins, clear Lake Lake..., Robert Furleish. Clear Laltc Mason Elgar 2. Halght. Mason City Portland ...R. A. Ludeman, Mason City Union Harry Welker. clear Lake Bath Cecil H. Avlsc, Rockwell Owen John L. Curran, Mason City Grimes. Dale Smith, Thornton Pleasant valley... .Clarence Ulurfi. Swalcdaie Geneseo. . Frank Kirk, Rockwell Dougherty Barney -Dougherty. Dougherty HOME PROJECT :IIAII:MK.N Grant Mrs. fcollin Luscorob, Clear Lake Lincoln Mrs. Bart H. fityhre. Clear Lake Lime Creek. .Mrs. A. M. Matzen. Mason City Falls Mrs. Paul U. Matzen, Mason City Clear Lake.. .Mrs. Elmer Nelson, clear Lake L a k e . . . . . ..Mrs. Ben Skadeland, clear Lake Mason. .. j. .Mrs. Axel Anderson. Mason City Portland. ..Mrs, W. H. Davidson. Mason City Union Mrs, Hugh Strain, Ventura Mt. Vernon, .Mrs. J. D. Richardson, C. Lake Bath Mrs. Cecil Avise, Rockwell Owen.......;. ..Mrs: John Curran. Mason City Grimes Mrs. Carl Floy, Thornton Pi. Valley.., .Mrs. Clarence ulum, Swaledale Gcneseo.. Mrs. wil Brims, Sheffield Dougherty.Mrs. E. G. Dougherty, Doufiberty County Home Project Chairman Mrs. E. P. DeGraw. Mason City Chairman Boys' Club Committee Earl M. -Dean, Mason City Chairman Girls' CluD Committee Mrs. Earl M. Dean Publicity committee R. M. Hall. Mrs. R. Furlelgh. Leigh Curran County Agent.. .........Marlon E. Olson County club Agent ...... .. Jay Vendelhoc Home Demonstration Agent Marjorlc A. Chollett Office Assistant Gcnevleve M. Smith Office 213 Federal Bids-. Mason City discussion of pruning and spraying. The afternoon will be devoted largely to a discussion of varieties of trees, methods of planting, cultural methods and small fruits and their management. This is a general horticultural day. Horticulture School at Furleigh's March 30 On Monday, March 30. a special horticultural training school will be held at the farm of R. H. Furleign in Lake township. The object of this is to discuss problems in orchard and small fruit management. Prof. S. W. Edgecombs of Iowa State college has- been scheduled for this special horticultural day. In the morning there will be a FARM BUREAU EXCHANGE FOR SALE: Purebred Shorthorn bulls and females. George M. Honey and Sons, Swaledale. FEEDING VALUE OF RYE STUDIED Is Less Palatable and of Lower Feed Value Than .Wheat, Cora. Recent information received from -ae extension service.of Iqwa-.S.t^te college' Â· jregaiuiis~" f ye f3f'"ifdtTenirig* hogs states that rye grain closely resembles wheat in composition but is somewhat less palatable and is of slightly lower feeding value than wheat or corn. The unpalatibility of rye is probably due to the presence of ergot and for that reason should not be fed to pregnant sows. In tests conducted at Michigan and Kansas ground rye when fed with tankage was worth 94 per cent as much pound for pound as ground corn. Ground rye has a slightly higher feeding value than ground barley. As compared to wheat, tests show it to be 4 to S per cent less valuable pound for ppund. Rye is most valuable when fed with other grains such as one-half corn and one-half rye or fed in the same proportions with ground oats or barley. It is unpalatable fed alone. The Minnesota station recommends that where rye is led as the single grain to hogs that 'it should not be fed longer than 60 days. Fed longer than tnis the pigs go off feed, scour badly and begin to lose weight. It gives slightly better results when fed on pasture. Rye should be rolled or coarsely ground. There is no particular ad"vantage in soaking it. FEWER CHICKENS ON FARM NEXT FALL PREDICTED Weather Has Made Drastic Reduction in Baby Chick Hatching. According to information being released by the Iowa Poultry Improvement association, the trade organization of Iowa hatcherymen and poultry breeders, the production of baby chicks in Iowa will be drastically reduced in 1936. The coldest Iowa winter in a century has eliminated any possibility oÂ£ an over production of poultry this spring and summer. There is a likelihood that not even normal production will be reached until well into the month of May. Very few hatcheries will have anything near a normal amount of chicks before April, and if the cold weather continues much longer, chicks will be very difficult to procure all through April unless orders are already booked or will be booked soon and even then many will be disappointed. Has Brought Problems. The unusual cold weather has heaped various problems into the laps of the hatcherymen of the state. a The gravest problem confronting him is the source of eggs. Egg production of hatchery flocks on. Iowa farms has been curtailed during January and February to the lowest level in years. Production has been more than cut in two. Besides, blocked roads have made it virtually impossible for hatchery flock owners to even deliver what few eggs they have on hand. One of Iowa's largest hatchery- men called in recently all eggs from his 300 flock-owners; at the end of the week they delivered him exactly 14 dozen of eggs. That is the condition existing everywhere. The next problem is the hatchability of the egg After farmers can deliver to the hatchery what few eggs they have, it will likely be many weeks before eggs will hatch normally--all of which tends to still further reduce chick production. Have Been Hesitant. Then, too, baby chick raisers have been hesitant- about placing orders until -they felt .the winter weather "wasV'ofe the wane.-No time during February was the weather conducive to the shipping or brooding of chicks--in fact, in many sections of tie state farmers could not have found their brooder house because of the drifted snow. ' The conditions brought about because of the unusual winter will, no doubt, result in many late chicks, a late hatching season, and a low production of eggs from late pullets next fall and winter. Fries should sell at premium prices when spring opens. The probable shortage of eggs and poultry meat next fall should result in more profitable prices for the poultry farmer next year. Modern Poultry Raising Corn Sealing Being Delayed by Weather During this severe weather and blocked roads at has been very difficult for corn sealers to get out. However, the loan will be open until March 30, so fanners will have until that time to get their loans cleared. In order to be settled at 45 cents a bushel, corn must grade No. 3 at time of delivery. Corn that does not grade No. 3 will not pay the obligation. If a farmer borrows 45 cents a bushel on his com and it does not grade No. 3 the note will not be paid by delivering the number of bushels of corn. Guineas Watchdogs for Young Turkeys Always alert and watchful, guinea fowls have a special value as danger alarms and safety leaders for other poultry, particularly the rattle- headed turkeys. H. L. Shrader of he United States department of agriculture suggests that turkey ;rowers will do well to include a few eggs of guinea fowls with each .ncubator lot of turkey eggs. They have the same period of incubation. "The guinea chick," he says, "is arighter, more alert. It teaches the iurkey poults how to find the feed iopper and the warm spots under ;he brooder. As the two grow older and range together, the young guinea sounds the first alarm when strange animals or predatory hawks appear. To see a few guineas in a arge flock of turkeys reminds one ol a motorcycle policeman weaving in and out in crowded traffic." Guinea fowl also give variety for the table, and many consider the I gamey meat a great delicacy. Seen Through a Windshield --By A. P. Sample scene'on Highway No. 65 but good tor any highway in North Iowa. --Feb. 22. Woman on porch roof vigorously attacking- snow and ice ridge on house roof to relieve impounded water on first thawing day. "She did it with her little hatchet." --Two kids industriously collecting crusted snow slabs with, which to build a real igloo and getting the same kind of thrill as Peary or Byrd. --Comparative warmth of zero temperature compared with 30 below, as shown, by disregard of wraps, gloves and (by young chaps) head covering. --Belated January thaw arriving a month late but welcomed just the same and urged to stay awhile. --Half dozen youngsters with sleds hitched tandem and drawn by pony and lacking only bells to have the time of their lives. --Farmer walking into town to get a sack of folur and dragging it home on a scoop shovel. --Freakish character of the big blizzard. Old Boreas swept the fields compartively bare and piled the snow in the roads. SELLS 55 CATTLE CHAPIN--It took eight trucks to mul a shipment of stock Charles Hemm made to Mason City last week. Hemm sold 55 head of large cattle. Ora Bayless AUCTIONEER Phono 4137 or 62, Mason City Poultry house on farm operated by Mr. and Mrs. John Wendt, Jr., Rock Grove, Floyd county. In the illustration is shown one of the most up-to-date poultry houses in this part of Iowa. It is 24 feet by 36 feet in area and has three floors. Mr. and Mrs. John Wendt, the owners, are poultry enthusiasts and have fitted their building for capacity, health of flock and and ease of tending them. They like the White Leghorn fowls of the Hollywood and Rose Lawn strains and one can go a long way before he sees a prettier sight than the hundreds of fowls on each floor. There are 72 windows in the building and the ventilating system cost $350; but it does the work and air conditions are watched as carefully there as they are in any city school house. The kindergarten is up on the top floor and here are 1,600 White Rock baby chicks now about five weeks old that arc being raised for broilers and so far they have lost only nine. They are fed five times a day out of narrow troughs so fixed that they cannot foul the troughs or waste the feed. Mercury at 80 The thermometer stood at 80 and the walls and roof were so well insulated that the recent zero weather was not noticeable. On the floor is peat moss for litter and the chicks do not know what fear is. Their life* is a short life and a merry one. The larger ones are about 1% Ibs. in weight. On the next two floors are the hens--about 250 on each floor and during this severe February they were laying about 300 eggs a day. The temperature in these was from 0 to 60 degrees. Weather does not affect the interior much. When the wind is blowing a gale the inlets close somewhat but not entirely; so that the rooms are air conditioned, and the moisture content is taken care of. In fact, there are many humans not so well cared for as are Wendts' poultry. He had just received a case of eggs of the Rose Lawn strain for which he paid .$50. No. Loafing. The house is lit by electricity and at the appointed time, in the early morning, the lights are switched on by clockwork and off again when daylight is sufficient. There is a lot of work to all this but Mr. and Mrs. Wendt are enthusiastic about it and they enjoy making it go. They may enlarge the building this summer. In this, as in other lines, eternal vigilance is the price of success. Mrs. Wendt with some of their 1,600 small chicks. (Lock Photos, Kayenay Engravings) Will Move From Lakota. BURT--The Ed Harsch family has moved to Des Moines. Ben Gerdes, Lakota, has purchased the house and will move here. Delco-Light Plants, Batteries and Parts Central Auto Electric Co. New Location Next to Fire Station 25 First St. S. W. Phone 494 Republican Elephant and Democrat Donkey Have Common Ancestor The republican elephant and the democratic donkey have a common ancestor. Amazing as it may seem, that is 'fnomas Nast, father of the modern American political cartoon. The republican elephant appeared in a cartoon by Nast in Harper's Weekly, a republican paper, in November. 1874. The traditional strength and intelligence of the elephant apparently were the factors which led Nast to select it as representative of the republicans. How- evsr, in this first cartoon the elephant was labeled "republican votes" and was shown in a jungle sweeping aside with great rage the covering of a pitfall that had been prepared to catch it and which was lettered "Southern Claims Chaos." In this drawing, the democratic party was shown as a fox or racoon, while a jackass braying from the folds of a lion's skin represented the New York Herald. This would indicate that the donkey as a symbol of the democratic party had not become entirely fixed at that time. The Tammany tiger was another invention of Nast's, and constituted a third contribution to the political zoo of the United States. He also introduced "The Full Dinner Pail," republican prosperity symbol, through Harper's Weekly, with which he became associated at the age of 18.--Christian Science Monitor. WANTED HIDES - WOOL Highest Prices Paid CARL STEIN Phone 470 111 Sixth S. W. AGENT DESCRIBES! METHOD TO GET SAMPLE OF SEED Olson Tells of Plan to Ob- 'tain Representative Kernels of Corn. "What should I do to obtain a representative sample from my cortr crib to test its value for seed?" is a question County Agent Marion B. Olson is ashed frequently. There are several methods of obtaining a sample from a crib, although no one is considered the best, Mr. Olson explains. A method suggested by Dr. R. H. Porter, extension plant pathologist and in charge of the seed laboratory at Iowa State college, has proved reliable. It follows: Select about 200 ears from a crib, taking an equal number from the sides, ends, top, bottom and center. Choose ears that appear to be fit for seed. Ears which are distinctly mouldy, diseased or damaged by rodents should be discarded. Remove six kernels from each ear, and make a composite of the kernels removed. Take from 100 to 200 kernels and test in a rag doll or in saw dust or sand tray. If the kernels germinate less than 90 per cent, it will be best to individual- ear test the ears selected for seedj W.J. Murphy AUCTIONEER Phone 1324 Charles City, Iowa N O T I C E ! The farm sale of Ed Dougherty will be held on the Peter Gorman farm, S'/z miles north of Dougherty and 8 miles east of Rockwell SATURDAY, FEB. 29, 1 O'CLOCK 85 HEAD OF LIVESTOCK Full Line of Farm Machinery E. G. DOUGHERTY, Owner OKA BAYLESS, Auctioneer Investigate Koto-Lite Plants and Willard Farm-Lite Batteries J A C O B Y Battery and Electric Service 110 S. Delaware Phone 31S NTERNATTONAk USED TRUCKS (2) ;D ;i :n 1935CHEVROLETS 1 '/2-Ton, Long Wheelbase, Dual Wheels 1935 DODGE 1 '/2-Ton, Long Wheelbase, Dual Wheels 1934 CHEVROLET 1 '/2-Ton, Short Wheelbase, Dual Wheels 1932 INTERNATIONAL 1 '/2-Ton, Long Wheelbase, Dual Wheels ( 1 ) 1932 DODGE PANEL, 1 '/2-Ton 11) MODEL 51 A--2i/2-Ton White, Long Wheelbase All of the above trucks are in first-class condition, are very reasonably priced and ready for immediate inspection. YOU MUST SEE THEM TO APPRECIATE THEM 23 Sixth Street S. E. Mason City 24-HOUR SERVICE Phone 20 Iowa-Made For Iowa Horses B O Y T . . . HARNESS Featured In Our Form Supplies Depf. Right now, before the spring work starts, is the time to make sure your equipment is in good shape. And above everything else, you'll want a NEW SET OF HARNESS. We can wholeheartedly recommend our Boyt Harness to the farmers of this community. Made from full leather, full length, carefully selected for strength and grain, all parts matched, and bronze riveted. A new set of Harness will save you time and money--next time you're in town, come in and let us .show you the Boyt line. ASK TO SEE THE BOYT AIR-CUSHION FACE COLLARS $^^ Buy a Oil Burning BROODER With i Hudson Brooder Your Chick! Arc Safe- -- So Is Your Investment. Do not gamble with an obsolete brooder -- get a dependable, time tested Hudson Unit. No temperature variations -- Modern Hudson Burner Unit reduces operating cost to minimum.