The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 19, 1937 · Page 1
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January 19, 1937

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 19, 1937
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T NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLIII FIVE CENTS A. COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE , NO. 90 CONGRESS NOT SURE Doesn't Know Just What It Thinks of F. R. Plan By CHARLES P. STEWART A S HINGTON, (CPA) -- Congress r e a l l y does not know what it thinks of P r e s i dent R o o s e v e 1 t's plan for reorganization o f t h e executive branch of the government. Perhaps i I would be nearly correct to speak of the plan as Louis B r o \v n 1 ow's, Brownlow having been chairman of t h e committee which framed it. Perhaps also it would be more nearly correct to speak of the plan as contemplating a reorganization of the bureaucratic rather than the executive branch of, the government. To be sure, upon the consolidated be placed more effectively than ever before under presidential control. However, the president, now the government's chief executive, would become its bureaucratic chief also. He would have dual functions, with an enormous increase in au- Ihority. AUTO STRIKERS DEFY Inaugural Throngs Grow Despite Rain, Cold plan's adoption the bureaucracy would Policeman Saves Queen From Plunge Over Cliff Wheel of Car Slides Off Driveway Above 650 Foot Drop. Executive Assistant. A cabinet officer is an executive assistant to the white house. Nothing but an executive. A bureau is somewhat executive, but many of them have * semi-judicial powers also, and managerial and in'vesligalorial. The head of a bureau always has been much more broadly subject to congressional dictation than has the head of any cabinet department. The Brownlow scheme contemplates the freezing of the various bureaucracies into the various cabinet departments--the five departments which the government started with, the five additional ones -which have been added .since then, and the two extra ones which the Brownlow pro^ tp.am seeks to have created......... l- 1 . Pretty Independent. An executive setup," all of it!-pretty independent of congress. Briefly, each departmental sub- v division of it would resemble that of the postoffice department. It must be admitted that Uncle · Sam's mail service has been passable, in comparison with a few of the others. Still, no one can have failed to notice how grievously that has degenerated under the auspices of the two last postmasters general. Waiter F. Brown and James A. Farley. So it does not follow that strict bureaucracy is remedial of all evils. For the postoffice department has been the strictest of them. A "Super-Senate?" Besides, there is the problem, plus two new cabinet members, of the six assistant presidents recommended by the Brownlow report. They are not to be vice presidents, elected by the people. They are to be assistant presi- dents--appointively chosen. Certainly they cannot be much less potent than cabinet members. Ten cabinet members now! Two to be added! Also six assistant presidents! Eighteen!- ' "A little but super-senate."'--members of the upper congressional chamber cry! And I don't mean that all the outcry comes from republicans. Little economy is promised from this "rearrangement, either. Brownlow does promise greater efficiency, but no appreciable reduction in federal expenditures. . Byrd Plans Savings. Senator Harry F. Byrd, chair- man'of a rival senatorial reorganization plan, guarantees to insure more'efficiency, and hundreds oE millions in savings -- but his scheme isn't available yet. It will Senate and House Move to Continue Money Power of President. WASHINGTON, (/P) -- Routine state cares gave way to a festive inauguration mood Friday despite drenching rain that held the increasing thousands of visitors indoors. A prediction of more rain with sleet or snow for Wednesday's parade and other outdoor ceremonies recalled that throngs have braved bad weather before to witness inaugurations. Covered stands have been provided this year for 21,000 spectators. The administration-s u p r e m e court wrangle took a new turn with disclosure by white house officials that the chief executive is not contemplating" a conference of congressmen on legislation to redefine the powers of the court. Senator Minto (D-Ind.) said Monday such a conference was near. Confers WHh Officials. Gov. Frank Murphy of Michigan arrived to attend the inauguration and confer with officials on the General Motors strike. He discussed the labor situation with Secretary Perkins and John L. Lewis, chief of the committee for industrial organization. The senate committee investigating campaign expenditures said it was considering legislation to halt political contributions by. labor unions. Such contributions ran into hundreds of thousands of dollars before the last election. Although the crowds were gayer than at the dramatic inauguration ' during the 1933 banking crisis, much o£ the traditional pageantry was missing at this first January induction in history. Request for Simplicity. One reason was the president's request for simplicity, and the decision to limit the parade to military units and slate governors. This kept many picturesque marching"clubs--and their bands --at home. Then, too, it is a second inauguration, without the curiosity over a new president. Mr. Roosevelt made few engagements Tuesday in order to complete his inaugural address, which aides said would be within 2,000 words. A dinner Tuesday night with his family and some inaugural officials was to be his only ad- 1NNSBRUCK, Austria, (#)·--A motorcycle policeman's quick action was credited with saving Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Tuesday from a plunge down a G50 foot Alpine precipice. The heavy automobile in which the queen was riding with a lady of her court skidded on the old Roman road at Matrei, south of Innsbruck. One wheel of the machine slid off the driveway at a point where there was an almost sheer drop of G50 feet to the frozen river below. The automobile was traveling as slowly .as passible because of the ice covered road and Policeman Heinrich Neuberger, who had been following closely cycle, threw his on his motor- weight against^.. QUEEN WILHELMINA the slipping car until help arrived. The queen, after expressing her gratitude, returned to Innsbruck by a safer route.. SPANIARDS TURN DOWN PROPOSAL Socialists, Fascists Reject Arms Shipment Control for Both Sides. BULLETIN LONDON, (.T 1 )--Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the ·house of .commons Tuesday r 1 night the danger of a continental war growing out of the Spanish conflicPhad been definitely diminished. LONDON, (/P)--Spanish socialist and-insurgent governments rejected Tuesday the non-intervention committee's proposal to control munitions shipments to both sides in the Spanish civil war. The action by the Burgos and Valencia governments met gloomy response in British'circles where it was stated: "Everything is now up to'Ilaly and Germany d e p e n d i n g on whether they will shut off the flow of volunteers." Fascist Generalissimo Francisco Franco's rejection was flat, accompanied 'thousands' by of I complaints that volunteers were be shortly. Meantime for breath. congress is gasping Chairman Harry' B. Mitchell of the civil service commission (one of the bureaus which will be wished -out of existence if the Roosevelt Brownlow p l a n is adopted) confesses: "Things have. been, moving too fast; we can't keep track of them." [ R i l l Pope Has "Bad .Day" and Reported to Be Greatly Weakened VATICAN CITY, (IP) '-- Pope Pius, suffering from recurring pain in his swollen legs, was reported considerably weakened Tuesday night after a "bad day." 'Official bulletins from the Vatican, however, said the pope was "neither better nor worse." 1 Father Agostino Gemelli, rector of the Catholic university at Milan, was received by the pontiff to discuss matters connected with the new pontifical academy of science. The damp, raw weather of Ihe past several days has increased (he holy father's pain, his physicians recorted. vance celebration. Will Take Stock. An impression was abroad that his speech would be one of stock taking and consecration afresh to democratic ideals. It may dwell especially--in the opinion of some who have talked him--on the need for restoring international trade and enforcing neutrality to mitigate war dangers. At the capitol, where inauguration eve heretofore has found a "lame duck" congress in noisy death throes, the senate and house prepared quietly to give Mr. Roosevelt authority to continue his monetary policies. The ceremonies will begin with justices of the supreme court and members of congress filing to their places on the capitol plaza at noon. Senator Norris (Ind., Nebr.) will be honored guest as the author of the "lame duck" amendment which advanced the inauguration from March 4. Gamer to Take Oath. 6cnaLor Robinson, the democratic leader, will administer the ] oath to Vice President Garner there, breaking the tradition under which the vice president always has been sworn in the senate chamber. Chief Justice Hughes will rise from his chair at the president's right, face him and administer the oath as he did in 1033. Mr. Roosevelt's address will follow. The president and vice president, their families, democratic leaders and wives of the governors will go to the white house for a buffet luncheon. The governors will remain behind to ride in the parade and then will have tea at the mansion. Interest in the government's power policy was twofold. First, Chairman A. E. Morgan, who has been at odds with Director David Lilicnthal over TVA policy, called on Senator Norris (Ind.-Nebr.), sponsor of the TVA law. Norris said he disagreed with certain aspects of Morgan's proposal of a truce with private utilities. Tckfis Heads Group. Second, the president late Monday appointed a committee, with crossing the French frontier to fight for the socialist government. The Valencia reply, imposing numerous conditions to the suggested plan, also complained of enlistment o£ foreigners in the insurgent legions. General Franco not only refused to accept the specific suggestion but also side-stepped the question of whether he would accept the principle of international control to isolate the civil war. TEMPERATURES CLIMB SLOWLY Cold Weather to Move in Again After but Brief Respite in Iowa. Temperatures climbed slowly Tuesday from the sub-zero levels recorded over most of North Iowa and the weatherman forecast slightly warmer' "weather -along with snow. Mason City recorded a 12 below minimum in the night. . Temperatures- rose to 20 degrees or higher in south Iowa Tuesday and the weatherman said that the decline Tuesday night would not carry below 5 degrees above zero in northeast Iowa, 10 above in the northwest section and 15 above in south Iowa. The rise Wednesday, he said, probably would carry the mercury to 23 or 30 degrees in the south section, but by late afternoon colder weather would begin moving into northwest Iowa. By way of solace, the weatherman cited some early Tuesday temperatures to the north and west of Iowa. At Bemidji, Minn., it was 42 degrees below, the coldest spot on the weather' map. Prince Albert, Can., reported 30 below; Williston, N. Dak., 26 below. SMALL CHANCE OF SPEED SEEN IN LEGISLATURE House Committees Not to Be Completed Before End of Week. DES MO1NES, OT--Resuming work Tuesday at the close of a four day recess, the forty-seventh session of the Iowa legislature appeared far removed from the actual start of legislative deliberation. Delay in swinging into the multitude of work at hand or in the process ot preparation, hinged seemingly upon the pending completion of standing committees in 5oth the house and senate. The upper chamber, however, lad nearly completed its selcc- iohs but apparently would defei announcement of the assignments until the expected return Wednesday of Senator George M Hopkins (R) ot Gulhrie Center chairman ot the committee 01 committees, who has been ill a his hotel. In the La Mar Delay Seen house Foster n House. Represenlativ (D) of Wcs Branch, announced the assign ments of. 53 standing house com mittees would not be complete before the end ot the week an probably would not be announce before a week from Tuesday. Thus the current week, he ir dicated, will be spent largely i ironing out all preliminary ma .ters including the completion o Takes First Tram Ride Wedding Day HUMBOLDT,'(fl 3 )--Chris Pedersen of Humboldl, .waited for his twenty-eighth birthday, which also was his wedding day, to make his first trip on a passenger train. Pedersen and his bride, the former Gladys de Smidt of Humboldt, boarded a train Monday to spend their honeymoon in West Liberty. No Extra Pay for New Year Day Work DES MOINES, (/P)--The Scott county sheriff and deputies cannot draw nn extra dry's pay for serving New Year's day, Assistant Attorney General N. S. Genung ruled. His opinion given at the request of Scott County Attorney Leon A. Grapes, stated that the sheriff's term o£ office began "the second secular day of January, 1935, and ended at Midnight Jan. 1, 1936." Secretary Ickes as chairman, to recommend a national power policy. It is necessary, he said, because the Bonneville project in Oregon will be producing power in quantity this year. An agreement by the works progress administration to boost relief quotas in northwestern states caused congressmen from that region to soft pedal their demands for H higher relief appropriation. Some said they were satisfied destitute families who have gone to the northwest from drought- afflicted states would be cared for I Oil Firms Must Repay Tax Refunds DES MOINES, Wi--The Iowa upreme court ruled Tuesday that ic Standard Oil company of In- iana and the Phillips Petroleum ompany must pay back to the ate treasury a total of $109,- 8B.G1 for gasoline tax refunds the ate claimedrjiWere "illegally al- ow ed." The high court's decree, one of 3 opinions handed down Tucs- ay, fixed judgment against the tandard Oil company at S!)3,00.79 and ^against tlie Phillips ^etroleum company at $16,288.0' Polk County District Judge Alen A. Herrick had granted 116,982 judgment against the standard Oil company and a $19,24.22 judgement against the Philps company. The supreme court educed the amount, imposing in- erest payments only from 'the date of the lower court decree ather than from the date the re- unds were made. rlaecd in Escrow. Since the slate .first brought suit, the Phillips company has isked 512,252.57 in refunds which the stale placed in escrow to await determination of the question by .he supreme court. The state claimed the companies deducted from the invoice of their gasoline importations into Iowa the three per cent allowed by law for evaporation and loss, paying gasoline taxes on the reduced amount. Then,.the state contended, the companies claimed and obtained a refund of taxes paid on the difference between the invoice of importations and the actual number of gallons unloaded. The refunds covered a period of several years up to June,- 1933. Burns x the Wind HOWARD HUGHES SMASHES LAHD SPEED RECORD all election; contests.;'Three of the Most .of the refunds were granted LOOK INSIDE FOR- FIIEDDIF. BARTHOLOMEW Man Held for Threats to Child Movie Stars ON PAGE 2 300 Businessmen at KGLO Opening Dinner ON P A G E n Iowa Bureau to Open Convention Wednesday ON PAGE 8 Cleaners, Bakers lo Play Feature Tussle ON PAGE nine hearings ' had been completed and reports were ready for submission to the house sometime Wednesday. -In each instances the eleclion of representatives in Van Buren, Clarke and Polk counties, two democrats, the other ;i republican, were sustained in Ihe committee reports. Speaker Foster said he would "insist" that Ihe remaining contests be decided this week unless it is impossible to do so. Woods' Eleclion Sustained. The lalesl committee lo report was that from Clarke county in which .T. R. Campbell (R) contested the election of Representative Lloyd Woods ( D ) , both of Osccola. In sustaining the election of Woods the contest board reduced the margin between them to three votes. ' The other settled contests, those in Polk and Van Buren counties, were decided in favor of Representative J. K. O'Neill (D) of Keosauqua, whose seat was contested by Representative L. I. Peel (R) of Xeosauqua, and in favor of Representative E. R. Brown (R) DCS Moines, whose opponent, Mrs. George Harnagel (D) of DCS Moines, dropped her conlest action. A fourth contest i n v o l v i n g the seat of Representative R. , G. Moore (D) of Dunlap, had been started but the actual canvass of votes was delayed while the board members decided what to do aboul ballot envelopes and seals o! which were purportedly broken when they reached Hie committee. Krasclicl Urges Roads. Gov. Nelson G. Kraschel said he planned to confer with Foster anc senate leaders on his suggestions for farm-to-market road construction financing. "f hope a bill for financing farm-to-markct roads reaches the legislature as soon as possible,' Kraschel said. In his inaugural address he pro- I posed additional truck taxes t provide funds for secondary roac construction. As the assembly convened, Senator E. I. Mason (D) of Brooklyn | announced he will introduce a'Dil I lo wipe out slate aid for Farm Bureau organizations. Get Tax Money. "Right now." Mason said, "Farm Bureau organizations in Towa arc getting about $350,000 a year from lax money. They are using tha money lo build up a great propaganda and lobbying agency, and can't see that it's doing the farm crs much good. "Another thing, other farm or ganizations such as Ihe Farmers Union aren't getting any help from the taxpayers. I can't sec that it' fair to give state aid to one group and not to another." Mason said he has talked wit! a number ot senators and repre senlalives and believes "we cai pass the bill in both houses." H iy former. Slate Treasurer R. E. ohnson, and a few by the present rcasurcr, Leo .1. Wcgman. Wcg- nan started the suits lo recover :ie amounts refunded. Deduct Amount Allowed. Having deducted the amount llowed by law for evaporation nd loss, the stale contended, the ompanies could not thereafter deduct Ihe actual evaporation nd loss, especially when the ac- ual evaporation and loss was less lian the slatutory three per cenl." The companies claimed, how- vcr, that the legislature intended ic three per cent deduction to over losses in handling of gaso- mc after it was received in the lale. They also argued Hint a refund made voluntarily could not be luestioned again by the slate. also stated measure to he will introduce tax- pipe lines and later in the session, one to impos .independence Youth Dies From Injuries of Coasting Mishap INDEPENDENCE, (/P)--Frankin Spangier, 17 year old son of Mr. and Mrs, S. T. Spangier, died it T p. m. Monday in a local hos- ntci], an hour and a halt" follow- ng a coasting accident. He was ·icfing on a toboggan drawn by a car when the car skidded on the ce, throwing the sled against a .ree. Spangier suffered spinal in- urics and concussion of the brain. Hughes Crosses Continent in Seven Hours and 31 Minutes. NEWARK, N. .T., (/I')--Burning the wind at an estimated average speed: of 332 miles an hour, Howard Hughes, the flying movie producer,' Tuesday drove his high speed monoplane across the continent in 7 flours, 31 minutes, for a new. transcontinental speed mark. Hughes look off from Union ail- terminal, Los Angeles, at 2:14 a. m. (-1:1'I a. m. central standard time) Tuesday and roared down across Newark municipal airport, 2.490 miles away, at 11:43:27 a. m. (C. S. T.). making his official lime 7 hours, 2!) minutes, 27 sec- GAS CLOSE DETROIT PLANT DESPITE POLICE ATTACK Governor Murphy Talks to Union Leader Lewis in Washington. W A S H I N G T O N , (.'?)--Gov. Frank Murphy o£ Michigan conferred with John L. Lewis in Secretary Pevkm's office Tuesday in nn effort to work out a solution ot Ihe General Motors strike. With Miss Perkins, Murphy and Lewis, head of the committee for industrial organization, was James F. Dewey, veteran labor department conciliator. None would comment be tore the conference started. Miss Perkins said last night the next step would be to try to find a way to resume negotiations between the striking United Automobile Workers and General Motors officials. The auto workers are affiliated with Lewis' committee. Lewis has jcen directing strike strategy from Washington. x ,000 MEN IN PICKET _INE AS PLANT CLOSES DETROIT, (.P)--A United ' Au- omobilc Workers 'of America picket line estimated by a union official to number 1,000 men withstood Jv police tear gas attaclv Tuesday and closed the Briggs Manufacturing company's Meldrum avenue plant. A company official said at R a, m., that "the plant is nut oper- -i gross receipts lax on all retail Businesses in Iowa." "What the gross receipts tax bill would do," Mason said, "would be, in effect, to place a heavier tax on chain organizations and a'light one on independent merchants. It would be graduated upwards and would accomplish essentially the same end that the gross receipts tax provision in (lie chain store tax would have if the supreme court hadn't declared it unconstitutional." U n e m p l o y m e n t Insurance. Among the first measures expected to come before the assembly were suggestions for changing the slate unemployment insurance measure passed at the special session in December. During the special session, republican senators agreed to support the bill if it were taken up Tor possible amendment early in the regular session. The homestead tax relief bill was headed for early consideration by a senate committee. Backed by four democrats and four republicans, the bill would use sales and income tax receipts to replace the property tax on homes occupied by their owners. The bill applies both to city and rural property. O t h e r measures apparently headed for early consideration were suggested extension of the slate f a r m mortgage moratorium and a number o! proposals prepared by senators and representatives to legalize some acts ot theii home town city councils anc boards of supervisors. The new record breaks his old m a r k of !) hours, 25 minutes, 10 seconds, he set last .Ian. I'l. In Exlinljcranl Outburst. He ro.-ircd aw;iy into llic misi.s cast of !hc field after being sure he was identified but came back in a few minutes and circled the field at terrific speed, apparently in a n outburst of exlutberance at setting the new mark. He set his fast ship down to earth at 12:11 p. m. (C. S. T.) Hughes was smiling broadly ar, he climbed from Ihe open cockpit to receive congratulations of field nl'aches. "I flew at M.OOO feet most of the way," Hughes said, "with my highest speed 370 miles an hour. I used about 200 of Ihe 2fl{) gallon load, f am very tired--a bit haky." Wearied by S t r a i n . Visibly wearied by Hie long ;li'!iin. Hughes, however, climbed out'f the tiny cocknit without assistance and shook hands with ricnris who rushed out to greet lim.. He said ha had picked up a good ailwind from Kansas City on to Newark, and added that the weather up in the sub strato- ;phcrc had not bothered him. The o f f i c i a l s w h o checked flushes in on his record non-stop flight'said his time broke all land ilanc distance speed records. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Snow priiliahlp. Tuesday ni^ht and Wednesday; rising temperatures Tuesday nipht and in cast portion Wednesday; coltl- rr in extreme northwest portion Wednesday afternoon. niliV.VESOTA: Snow probable- Tuesday night and AVcdncsday; r i s i n ir temperature Tuesday night and in cast Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 2-1 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: IU;i\'iimiin Monday ' fi Above M i n i m u m in Niplit ]2 Below At 8 A. M., Tuesday 10 Below In Mason City Monday night the temperature fell fi degrees short of the minimum of 18 below recorded at the Crystal Sugar plant noi'tli of town. Tuesday dawned clear and the forecaster's promise of warmer weather ahcnt appeared (o be on the way to realization. alitig." The picket line tben had dwindled to about 100 men. Police Inspector Louis L. Berg was temporarily overcome when a gas bomb exploded at his feet as he attempted to rescue William Myers,:,plant .manager,., from a grosipo oC.-pickeifi Nfiither. nP n =u -Myers reauireA hospital treatment. N ' Slakes Auto Bodies. The Briggs plant produces automobile bodies for the Lincoln Motor Car Co., and the Dodge division ot the Chrysler corporation. Company officials said that approximately 100 of (he 1.800 em- ployes had been on strike since last week, although the plant continued to operate until Tuesday. Homer Martin, U. A. W. A. president, charging police launched a gas attack "without any justification," telegraphed Gov. Frank Murphy of Michigan, who is aV . Washington, urging "such action as you may deem necessary to prevent f u r t h e r disorder of this kind." Several persons in addition tn Myers and Inspector Berg were affected by the tear gas, and William Mackey, a picket, was injured when a fragment from a tear gas bomb struck him in the eye, but no casualties had been admitted to receiving hospital. A physician treated the injured in an emergency first aid station set up in a beer garden across the street from the plant's main gate. 2,000 PickcTs lit Line. Police said there were 2,(KH) pickets in line when Ihe first clash occurred as men ot the 7 o'clock shift reported for wnrk nt the p l a n t . Richard Frankenstcen, organ!- .atiomil director for the United \utomobilc Workers who directed he demonstration, said, however, hat only 1,000 pickets were involved. He said between 3,000 and 4,000 men moved from a mion mass meeting to the plant it 5 a. in., but that most of the men left to go to work in their own plants before the trouble started. The pickets--the largest mass ine ever seen in a Detroit strike-formed a huge, circular h u m a n wall in front of the employes' gate, moving at a brisk trot in -0 degree weather. Addresses Meeting. Frankenstcen, who bail addressed the mass meeting in Dodge union hall preceding Ihff demonstration, ran up and down the line cxorting the men to move faster. From a sound-truck came encouragement for the pickets. As several hundred Briggs workmen arrived shortly before 7 a. m., a police detail of 100 men, including mounted patrolmen, ordered the pickets to open a path for the workmen. Police Lieut. Frank Ncitzel said Frankcnsteen retorted: "If you don't want to see another Flint riot, you'd better not try to break up the line." His reference was to a riot of striker-occupied B'isher plant No. 2 in Flint a week ago which injured 27 men and brought out two national guard regiments. Goes to Rescue. The principal clash occurred when Inspector Berg attempted ti rescue Myers. Several gas bombs were thrown along the picket line. The bombs, apparently of a new type, exploded with a flash and s loud noise, scattering the pickets. The line was broken, but a brisll

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