The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on March 7, 1934 · Page 15
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 15

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 7, 1934
Page 15
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Page 15 article text (OCR)

News and Views of Interest to Fanners JJlaston Citp GIobe-Giizctte Farm and Industrhil News WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1934 FOURTH ANNUAL FARM EDITION Uncle Sam Undertakes to Buy Land Not Expected to Pay More Than He Sold It for. ' WASHINGTON, March 7. UTI --Unole Sam, who gave away or sold for a song millions of acres from out of his apparently limitless frontier to get the land into cultivation by sturdy homesteaders, is preparing to buy part of it back to get it out of production. But land economists in the department of agriculture who have laid the groundwork for the land purchase program, for which an initial allotment of $25,000,000 has been made, do not figure that the government will be "gypped" in the deal. Millions of acres were sold years ago to swell public revenues, although the prices were so low the revenue wag a disappointment. In buying it back Uncle Sam probably will not pay, on the average, much more than the price at which he sold although, theoretically, the laud has been "improved" these many years. Moreover, hundreds, of thousands of acres were granted in payment of wages and pensions due ex-soldiers. One of the reasons Uncle Sam is so willing to buy some of it back is that he has decided it was expensive, even as a pift, to those who received it. I. is so poor that it is impossible for anyone, under ordinary conditions, to make a living from it by farming. Public Ownership Proposed. It is being wasted and lost because unsuited for cultivation, and it is proposed to put it under public ownership so that it can be used for other purposes and conserved. This land the government proposes to buy is called "sub- marginal"--that is, it is so unproductive that moie effort is (Turn to Tase 13) LEADERS IN CORN-HOG PROGRAM F. W. STOVEE North Iowa Field Man HENRY WALLACE Secretary of Agriculture J. D. RICHAKDSON County Committee Chairman Parity Prices Chief Object of Government in Corn-Hog Plan Attempt Made to Cut*Down Surplus, Says Stover. By F. W. STOVER North Iowa Corn-Hog Field Man The purpose of the AAA program is to do for agriculture what industry has done. Since 1929 industry cut her production from the high point of 120 per cent of normal, down to 60 per cent of normal. Agriculture went on full steam ahead. The present corn-hog program was launched last summer when Secretary Wallace asked the corn-hog producers to get together and formulate their control program as a means of raising prices. Representatives of all farm organizations were called in to a meeting at Des Moines. From this group, a committee was elected. A series of conferences followed, to sound (Turn to Fajce 4) HOG PROCESSING TAX MAKES FINAL JUMP TO $2.25 The processing tax on the slaughtering of live hogs was increased from $1.50 a hundredweight, live weight basis, to $2.25 a hundredweight, live weight basis March 1. This is the final of the progressive increases in the rate of the hog processing tax called for under hog regulations, Series 1, Revision 1, issued by the secretary of agriculture on Dec. 31, 1933. The hog processing tax is being collected to finance the 1934 corn-hog production adjustment program, under which a maximum of $350,000,000 in adjustment payments will be made to participating hog producers. Tabulators at Work in Cerro Gordo; Few Found Wrong. With the check of the corn- hog contracts complete tabulators are now at work tabulating the results in Cerro Gordo county. The tabulators are Virgil .Brown, Leland Jacobson and Lawrence Copley. Cerro Gordo county farmers signed a total of 1,680 contracts, of which only 50 had to be returned to the farmer for some correction in detail. This represents 94 per cent of the corn and hog producers of Cerro Gordo county. These farmers have signed up to reduce their corn production at least 20 per cent and their hogs at least 25 per cent. Kichardson Pleased. J. D. Richardson, chairman of the county committee in charge of the prodigious task of marshalling the farmers into the complicated job of sign- (Turn to Page 13) 550,000 of Producers Signed Up 90 Per Cent of Iowa Corn, Hog Raisers on Dotted Line. Approximately 550,000 corn- hog contracts have been signed to date, it was estimated by Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace on the basis of reports from the major corn and hog growing states. The latest report from Iowa shows that 114,000 or 90 per cent of the eligible producers have signed corn-hog contracts. "Reports on the progress of the corn-hog program are very gratifying," Secretary Wallace said. "If the sign-up all over the country is as thorough as it is in several of the middle- western states, the objective of reducing hog production in 1934 by S to 10 million head and corn acreage by 12 to 15 million acres may be realized. Program Essential. "It is essential to the corn- hog farmers that this program succeed in the highest degree in view of the major changes in foreign demand for hog products which have taken place in recent years. The significance of these changes cannot be over-emphasized. "I am especially desirous that farmers who sign the corn-hog contract thoroughly understand the economic basis for the adjustment program. Since the war the decline in our exports of hog products is equivalent to the loss of a market for between 8 and 10 million market-weight hogs. We are faced with an adjustment problem now, of course, because we continued to increase hog production after the war at about the same rate as the increase in the country's population, instead of keeping production in balance with the changes in demand. Must Understand It. "If farmers should sign the contract without understanding (Turn to Fane 15) IOWA HUB OF BEST SOIL AREA IN UNITED STATES This map shows why Iowa is the land of tall corn and fat hogs. It shows the Hawkeye state is in the center of the best soil area of the United States. The sand area comprises lands of little of no use except w h e r e irrigated. Public projects are being considered on unprofitable s u b- marginal lands. NATURAL LAND-USE AREAS - S A N D -MAP.SH - F O R E S T | j-BEST SOIL. [Wj-MIXED iSl-GRAZING V . » T ·

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