Page 3 article text (OCR)
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1934 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE THREE MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE A IKE SYNDlrATE r.EUM'Al'BB Issued Every Week Day by tfce MASON CITJ GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOM1S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOXD L. GEER - Publisher Managing Editor : - - City Editor Advertising Manager Pertinent or Impertinent MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS--The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. SUBSCRIPTION KATES Mason City and Clear Lane, Mason City anil Clear Lake, by the year ............ $7.00 by tha week OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAK LAKE Per year by carrier . . . . 57.00 By man 0 months . . Per week by carrier ____ ; ,1ft By mail 3 months .. Per year by mall ...... 54.00 By man 1 montb . . OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year ...... 58.00 Sii months. . .JS.dO Three months. .51. 5u 5 .1 . 52.00 . $1.00 . J .50 The mortal race is far too weak not to grow dizzy on unwonted heights--Goethe. FIKE-FIGHTERS OUT CJTATESMEN from all over Europe in the last week ^ have been rushing about with fire extinguishers to prevent the explosion in Austria which everyone agrees might launch another international war. The leading actlvitiea of the pacifiers now center about the determined British effort to revive disarmament discussion on a practical basis, and the rather more realistic efforts of Premier Mussolini to set up an Italo-Austro- Hungarian consultative pact which would serve notice on Germany that any effort to seize Austria would involve more than merely swallowing Dollfuss. Of course Hitler knows that, anyhow. Pact or no pact, he must realive.that he could not make a move toward Austria without having the French, the Ital- ions, the Czechs and the Rumanians to reckon with. It is reasonable to deduce that Signer Mussolini is quite as much interested in benefits' to Italy as in the protection of Austria, in his work for the new combination. However the situation is such that his activities probably have the blessing of France and England, even though France particularly is not anxious to see Italy become more influential than she now is in European affairs. It is nevertheless a case of preferring Mussolini to Hitler. The British have a program for renewing discussion of armament which is as yet undisclosed, but which seems to be getting swimmingly through the preliminary stages. Germany has accepted it as a basis of discussion, and so has Italy. It is understood to be based upon a four-power consultation of Germany, France, Italy and England, which would draw up a program to be submitted to the league conference at Geneva. The four-power conference outside the league is a Mussolini idea; the reference to Geneva is a bow to the French insistence that disarmament is league business and must not be taken outside the treaty framework. What the plan actually embodies is a mystery, but '. It is supposed to allow Germany a considerably larger ' army 'than.. now, and, some approach to equality in weapons. France juat recently turned down Germany V cold-la direct negotiations on a plan somewhat sim- ' liar. But the Austrian crisis intervened, and the French domestic political upheaval. Perhaps her attitude can be changed. Europe is badly frightened, no question. The stubbornness of statesmen who have been insisting upon their own version of their national interests since the war has brought about an international conflict which is almost out of control. The Austrian civil war, following the accession of Hitler, shocked every capital into realization of the nearness of the abyss. So perhaps a greater effort to reconcile rival programs is now to be made. But one recalls the desperate efforts to reach a settlement in the spring of 1914, and what came of them. It is not possible to be optimistic. IF HE WANTED TO DO IT F MR. COLFLESH were so disposed, he could make some pertinent reference to a certain millionaire son of a millionaire father who spent $50,000 in a primary campaign, whose interest in agriculture is conditioned by a desire to collect a high interest on his farm mortgages, whose farm lands in large part were acquired through the foreclosure route, who has never represented, or accepted counsel from, any but a fraction of a faction. If he were disposed, he could draw out of a rival's campaign utterances for effective application to that candidate such words and phrases as "factions" * * * "wrecking the party" * * * "attempted control of the party" * * * "selfish interest" * * * "machiile control of the party" * * * "lavish expenditure of large sums of money" * * * "private Intercast," etc. These things he could do. But these things he won't do for the reason that he would not wish to militate against the chances of republican success at the election next November. As a seeker of republican preferment, Mr, Colfiesh believes that he bears a certain responsibility to his party. His opponent apparently is either blind or calloused to this obligation. Many will find the true measure of the two men in this contrast. WHY DID THEY QUIT? N EW dealers continue to pooh pooh the idea that they ever had any thought of restraining the newspapers in their traditional freedom to criticize. If that be true, will some of them explain, in simple understandable language, why David Lawrence and William Hard, two radio commentators, are no longer on the air. The radio is under federal jurisdiction, as, perhaps, it should be. Washington's power to license or withhold license is a life and death control of broadcasting. A frank explanation as to why Lawrence and Hard are no longer presenting their disinterested critiques of the new dispensation will throw light on the character of the system. Newspapers have continued their three hundred year old fight against accepting a status like unto that which has ruled criticism of the government off the air. Every man or woman who prizes his constitution- given right of free speech has a stake in this fight, Irrespective of what the Richbergs, Johnsons and Tug- wells may say on the subject. I The municipally owned electric sign at Reno reading "Reno, the Biggest Little City in the World," will be replaced with four big blazing green letters reading aimply "Reno." Whatever the sign at the station, the Honeymoon Express will stop there soon enough. * * Â« The Forest City Summit came to its readers last week in a new form with eight 22 inch deep columns to the page the idea:being as the Summit expressed it to add quantity to quality. After this there will always be room at the Summit, eh? * * Â» Members ol the old guard talk convincingly about bringing out a new republican candidate for governor T-until you ask them to name somebody who would be more acceptable to all viewpoints than Bob Colflesh. * * * What would you do if you encountered John Dillinger, that slippery Indiana jail-breaker, otherwise known as a tough hombre? You don't need to answer unless you prefer to fib about it. * * * Uncle Sam is a big fellow but not big enough to take over and run everybody's business, says the Red Oak Express. Evidently the Express hasn't talked to Mr. Wallace or Mr. Tugwell lately. * * * The party in power always has wished for some effective way to curb criticism and no appeal has operated quite so effectively up to this time as patriotism. * ft * Will somebody give a good reason why, with the liquor and the tax bills passed, the special session of the legislature should still ^insist on sticking around? "Closed bank pays dividend," says a headline According to some of our banker friends these days thats the only kind that does. DAILY SCRAP BOOK OTHER EDITORS OLD AGE PENSIONS Northwood Anchor: Old age pensions sound good in theorv and the Iowa legislature has thought iay- orably of the idea. No one has more respect for old age than the writer; he has seen too many pitiful cases of old age hardship to be other than sympathetic with the idea. But there is a better way than taxing the TjeODle indiscriminately. . The better way is to provide a stimulus for indi- v'iduals to help themselves to old age pensions. The federal government has pointed the way in its wuh- holding of 3V. per cent from its civil service em- ployes each payday. Private business could do that with the aid of a state or federal insurance set-up. For every S100 due in wages the private employer farmer, merchant or of any occupation, could pay to the receiving office $3.50 and to the employe .$96.50 Proper investment by the state and compound interest would do the trick, possibly not with the particular amount mentioned but with such withdrawn sums as experts figured for various salaries. Only a very small percentage of the people will save for themselves. That being the case, enforced saving should be the rule. Certainly the cost of such a plan would be no more than pensions raised by straight taxation. Under the plan now proposed in Iowa an individual 65 years of age with expectation of 15 years of life could well afford to give away considerable property in order to become eligible to a monthly pension pf ?30 a month. CO-OPERATION NEEDED! Albert Lea Tribune: There's got to be more cooperation between the editor who writes the editorials 1 and the reporters who write the news columns. Down in Iowa last week one of the editors stated in his column "It is now time for the liar of this community to come forth with the report of seeing the first robin." Lo and behold the very same issue contained a local which announced that Mrs. Â· . , superintendent of the Sunday school of the Methodist church of that place, reported a robin that came to her back door that morning. It happens to be that the superintendent teaches the Sunday school class of which the editor is a member. If the editor's seat in the class was vacant last Sunday, no one should accuse him of back-sliding. WHEN DOES TAXPAYER GET A BREAK? Algona Advance: It is a disagreeable task to argue against the cause of the poor and the aged, but it is time that something was being said in behalf of the taxpayer; also high time, and high indeed, that voices were raised against the constant legislative tendency to listen to specious pleas of one kind and other involving increase in the tax burden. Is there no lesson in the fact that between 1910 and 1930, only 20 years property taxation in Iowa rose from ?32)000,000 to $107,000,000--234 per cent? DOLLAR'S STILL A DOLLAK Lafe Hill in Nora Springs Advertiser: If you hadn't read it in the papers, you wouldn't know our gold dollar is cut in two. Your corn, your oats, ^our cream, your chickens, and your day's work seem to buy just about the same amount of food and other comforts as they did before. The old definition of "money" as a medium of exchange still holds, regardless of the newfangled interpretation of the brain trust now on deck. THEY'RE USED TO TAKING IT Waterloo Courier: Those would-be kidnapers who failed miserably in their attempt to abduct E. P. Adler should have known that it's futile to attempt to knock a newspaperman out with a blackjack. After absorbing the punches of critics for years, a newspaper publisher is able to "take it." EDITOR'S MAIL BAG AGAINST ST. LAWRENCE WATERWAY MASON CITY, March 6.--The proposed St. Lawrence waterway calls for a depth of 25 feet although there are 11 principal harbors in the United States on the Great Lakes, that have a mean depth of less than 25 feet . These would all have to ne dredged at enormous expense to accommodate vessels of that draft, and this would not be the final cost as a sum running into millions of dollars annually would have to be spent as upkeep on those dredged channels and harbors. To the best of my knowledge, no one has yet estimated what it will cost the owners of docks, wharves and elevators to adapt present structures to the new depth, but this will be an enormous sum. Another objection to the treaty is that Lake Michigan, the only one of the great lakes entirely within our borders and strictly United States property, is to be made an international body of water subject to international maritime law. I do not think this is either right or proper. It seems to me, we are asked to give away more than we can expect to receive. The billion dollars we are asked to spend on this project is to be used to benefit the foreign port of Montreal at the expense of our own ports, and we are forgetting the admonishing words of the greatest of our presidents, to have no "entangling alliances" with foreign countries. .Mr. Taxpayer, when you spend a billion dollars do you not like to get something you can use the year round ? Surely you do. but now you are asked to spend this much on a waterway that is ice bound and useless for navigation purposes five months out of each year, to the detriment of our own ports on the Atlantic that give year round service. Can such an expenditure be justified? Yours truly, H. R. HOWARD, 208 Fifteenth street northwest. FI RST u.s,,WOMAN ^R* ISÂ° ALLERDICE.NEEHANSE OBSERVING W I N E BARREL }, ATARRED HIDE 1 - T4iE NECK; AND-THREE. LEGS ARE-tiED UP -THE FOURTH UEj SERVES AS A SPOliT REiqN oF EDWARD'21., A SPANIARD FASTENED ONE- END OF A CABLE -To HE STEEPLE of OLD ST. PAUL'S AND ATTACHED -THE. OTHER ENDTb AN A N C H O R -- tyiNQ ON-THE ROPE- HEAD DOWNWARD WITH ARMS AND LE?S OUTSPREAD ME SWOT DOWN LIKE AN ARROW- REACH IN q-friE (3ROUND HE ROSE AND SALUTED "THE K I N G DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clendenlnp cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers When questions are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up. in order, in the dally column. Address your queries to Dr. Logan Clendeninfr, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. ~Bj I.OGA.N CUENDENINd, M. D. OCCASIONAL HUMAN BORN WITH TAIL O NE OF THE principal differences between man and the lower animals is the absence of a tail, but even this proud distinction is occasionally lost, and we find a human being with a fully developed tail. In all of us there are rudimentary structures and bones at the root of the spinal column, which constitute a potential tail. These bones are known as "coccyx." It is not often that an atavistic *^ * n a numan being reaches any large proportions, but there are frequently little growths in the region at the base of the spine which faintly resemble tails--a few hairs growing from a little nubbin or button. They are known as "pilonidal cysts," and frequently become infected, being especially subject to disease, as all vestigial structures are. The coccyx itself, is worse than Dr. Clendeninc useless--it is a positive source of trouble, and frequently is broken off in the process of childbirth, giving rise to considerable pain and discomfort. If you scratch the sole of a newborn baby's foot, the large toe draws away from the other toes and moves upwards in a peculiar monkeylike gesture. This reflex is soon lost, as is the apparently prehistoric ability of the infant's toes. The way a baby folds its toe almost over the sole of its foot, as if it could clutch something, is reversion to our early arboreal existence. The fact that the dhild also can face the soles of its feet together is another indication of the same thing. Young infants can support themselves by hanging to a branch or a cane by their hands. QUESTIONS FROM READERS N. B.: "What treatment must a person use-to get rid of the itch?" Answer: The itch is caused by a minute animal parasite which burrows into the soft places of the skin, most frequently between the fingers. The parasite is extremely susceptible to the action of sulphur, and the treatment is entirely external by the application of sulphur ointment to the spots. The strength of the sulphur depends upon the age of the patient. In infants, and small children 1 to 3 per cent of precipitated sulphur is used, with a base of lanolin. In older children, 5 to 8 per cent; and in adults with dark or coarse skin, 10 to 15 per cent sulphur. The underwear, night clothes and bed sheets should be changed daily for four days to avoid reinfection. Other people in close contact with the patient should be inspected. EARLIER DAYS An Interesting' Dally Feature Drawn From the Glnbe-Gaiette'B Files nt thu Years Gone By. Thirty Years Ago-Mr. and Mrs. Sam Hoyt have returned from a visit in Minnesota. Clint Smith has returned from Emmetsburg and a visit with his aunt. Mrs. I. W. Smith of Gateway, Mont., is a guest of her sister, Mrs. N. Kotchcll. Ira Knapp left for a business visit at Nora Springs this morning. G. P. Smith of the Grocery company departed last evening for Chicago. .Andrew Stiley of Carpenter, cashier of the bank there, was in the city yesterday for a short business call. Milt Waterbury departed today for his home after transacting business in Mason City several days. Will Gardner of Britt was in the city today with a carload of horses enroute to Minnesota, where he will offer them for sale. Twenty Years Ago-Miss Cora Stamp is on a short vacation in Algona, the guest of an aunt. Miss Gertrude Dickoff is spending a few days in Rochester, Minn. Miss Henrietta Hanson returned from Albert Lea where she' spent part of her vacation. Mrs. J. B. Youngblood returned Monday from a two day visit with her daughter, Mae, who is attending school at Hilsdale, Wis. Mrs. M. Z. Ellison returned today from New York and eastern markets where she brought spring stock for the Damon Igou ready-to-wear departments. Mrs. C. B. Johnson, Ellensburg, Wash., is in the city visiting her daughter, Mrs. J. E. Watts, at the Marvyl apartments. Henry Curvo of Clear Lake was a business caller in the city Tuesday. ^kt have heard some suggest ^BC that a man 35 years old is **Â·*" too youthful to serve as governor. I wonder what they would say about an administrator of this very land who was only 19 years old. The story of this phase of Iowa history is related by Jacob A. Swishcr in the current issue of The Palimpsest publication of the Iowa State Historical society. It was in the time of President Andrew Jackson that Stevens T. Mason was designated "secretary of Michigan territory," of which present day Iowa was a part. The territorial governor was George B. Porter, who left his boy aide in full charge of government during his frequent and protracted absences from Detroit, the Michigan territor- al capital. Young Mason was at tte helm on June 28, 1834, when congress attached the land west of .he Mississippi to Michigan territory. This message penned by Mason on that occasion is reproduced by Palimpsest: "Spread over an extensive country, the immediate organization for them of one or two counties with one or more townships in each county, similar to the organization of other parts of the territory is respectfully suggested and urged. A circuit and county courts will also be necessary, authorizing and mak- ng a special circuit for the counties west of the Mississippi, inasmuch as it would be unreasonable to require the attendance of the inhabitants of that section at the courts east of the river." The legislature responded by creating the. counties of Dubuque and Demoine with the requisite townships and courts and in commemoration of this event, April 16-20 has been designated as Iowa History week with the central theme "The Beginnings of Civil Government in Iowa." frankly admit that I can't supply the answer to this riddle forwarded by F. E. F. of Iowa Falls. It was clipped from the New York Times and the sender didn't chance to find the answer. I wonder if readers of this department can solve it and save me from writing to the Times to learn the answer? Let's try it: What is it men and women both despise, Yet each and all of them so dearly prize; Which never was for sale, yet every day The poorest begRar can the best display; Which kings possess not. yet full sure am I For this great luxury they often sit;h. Which never bride did own, yet woe the day When bride without one dared to go away: Which oft ive give away yet long to keep, And oftentimes we toast, but never eat; A tfilnR most needful to the growing com ( Which weary husbandmen would never scorn- The very thinp; to take to a sickroom, And coming silent as spring's early bloom' A little thing oft wet with mother's tears; A great, soft, yielding thing that- no oni fears; A thing so holy that we strive to wear Sacredly hidden from the world's rude starel TODAY IN HISTORY Notables Born This Date--Thomas Masaryk, b, 1850, first president of Czechoslovakia, who wed an American woman, took his oath of office in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, 6,000 miles from his own capital. * * * Edwin Henry Landseer, b. 1802, notable animal painter. * * Joseph Niepco, b. 1765, popularly credited as co-inventor of photography. But Thomas Wedgewood, Englishman, made photographs 25 years before Niepce and Daguerre. * * Luther Burbank, b. 18i9, botanist who invented more than a thousand new species of flora and fauna. * * Ben Ames Williams, b. 1S89, author. * * Percy Hammond, b. 1873, drama critic. Edward P. Roe, b. 1838, novelist. * * Maurice Ravel, b. 1875, composer. * * J. D. Beresford, b. 1873, British novelist. Â· Â· Â· 831 A. D.--First law requiring observance of Sunday as a Sabbath was enacted in the Christian world by Constantine, emperor of Rome. 1274--Kings and princes fought for possession of the bdy of Thomas Aquinas, who died at 48 of fever. He overcame hardships to obtain a", education, became a teacher all Europe sought out, wrote Summa Theologiae which remains to this day substantially the standard authority of the Roman church. 187G--Alexander Graham Bell, 29, obtained his j first patent on his first telephone. Not the first tele- j phone, however. The word was invented by Philip Reis when he demonstrated his articulate electric telephone in Frankfort, Germany, in 1861. Â· Â· Â· 1912 (March)--Roald Amundson, 40, who didn't have along a radio transmitter (or an electric ice-box, piano, cow or bookkeeper!) finally succeeded in getting news to the outside world that he had discovered the south j magnetic pole on the previous Dec. 11. 1 Ten Years Ago-The Woman's club play, "The Famous Fabricator," will be given at the high school Tuesday, The players are Harold Bull, Adelaide Amen, E. W. Clark, Carolyn Hayes, King Vanderwicken, James King, Helen Howe and Walter Patton. George McLaughlin is on a short vacation, which he is spending at Kansas City. Principal James Rae of the high school has returned from a five day convention at Chicago, held for educators from all parts of the country. PRAIRIE POETS A Once a Week Feature Edited by I*u Mallory T.uko of Hampton, Secretary of the Inwa Author's Club, and Dedicated to the BuIIdlne; Up of a Distinctive Jott-a Poetry. Mildred Fowler Field of Cedar Rapids has a name as lyrical as her poetry. Miss Field was born and reared in southeastern Iowa. She progressed from music--to the violin--to poetry. She learned the harmonic form and added words to it. To her the final art is sculpture and she hopes to reach this goal some day. She has written prose and plays, as well as poetry. Her nature poems spring directly from a mystical union with elemental things; lyrics and sonnets are more involved and spring from her deeper self. Miss Field feels that poets just happen and many of them never write a word--and those who do crystallize their emotions and thougnts into a poem-do it for the silent ones. To her the long flowing golden line of a sonnet is one of the most beautiful things in life and comparable only to the human hand in marble. Miss Field's work is found in many magazines such as Contemporary Verse, Midland, Voices and others. Two of her prose sketches from Midland have been starred in O'Brien in former years. Her work is included in Women's Poetry of Today, edited by L. Worthington Smith and Alice C. Weitz, and in various anthologies. Her current hobby--marionettes --writing plays and arranging fairy stories as plays for a group of talented children, designing sets and modeling heads. Miss Field is a businesswoman--gives talks and poetry recitals. She is an inveterate reader. She dislikes the machine age and would like to live in a primitive civilization from choice and forever. She finds Florida very close to her ideals. Today's poem was in a current issue of Better Homes and Gardens: FOR A GARDEN IN WINTER By Mildred Fowler Field. Under the arm of winter air The sheltering snow lies gently where Lately the harebell stood alone Against the moss, against the stone. Delicate thoughts of hyacinth 'Are safely folded in their inch Of bulb I set squarely under Smoothing the soil with sudden wonder. Life must be lovely in the ground When days pass by without a sound; White peonies like swans in feather Nesting in roots against the weather. ^^^ don't know whether It's ail- j^^fe vertisera trying to kid thcm- ^S^ selves into thinking that radio advertising gets marvelous results or whether it's radio trying to do the kidding. But somebody is certainly being kidded by the arrangement under which radio fans are invited to send in their reactions by wire without cost. So that the task will be simplified .o the last degree, a sheet is issued whereby the listener doesn't even have to listen. A dozen or so of messages are written out for him so that at noon on the day the radio n'ogram is going to be broadcast can check off for dispatch such a message as "We have a radio :ruce in our house nightly when we isten in to your program," Or 'Accept my best wishes for the excellent radio entertainment you have given me for so many years." Some day these advertisers are joing to be as interested in finding iow much of a pain in the neck it is to the average radio fan to have to sit through the blah blah which year by year is making the radio something to be avoided rather than appreciated. have never seen a reasonable explanation of the term, "bulldog edition," heard frequently around daily newspaper offices. And this statement still stands after reading one presented by Editor and Publisher, journal tor journalists, which suggests that the name developed in the late nineties when the New York World. Herald and Journal fought to get out editions that would catch the mails going out of town. It was said they fought like bulldogs, hence "bulldog edition." Universally the term applies to an edition, got out under some difficulties and with a reduced staff, for outlying subscribers for whom regular editions would be out of date. It applies to afternoon papers and the term "lobster edition" is its equivalent for morning papers. know the dangers involved in taking issue with the statisticians and yet I can't resist the temptation to question the public health service calculation that only 2 per cent of our population--1 out of 50--are left-handed. Among my own acquaintances, I feel sure that the ratio would run at least 10 per cent. I'm asking Washington for a recount. have these two notions', about a savage dog: First, \ any dog that bites or shows ( signs of wanting to bite a human\ being should be muzzled. Second.-'-any dog that stands in need of muzzling stands also In need of. be ' ing shot. Answers Was the common honey bee native to this continent? K. S. The Bee Laboratory says it was first introduced into the United States in Massachusetts between 1638 and 1640. Reports of the introduction of agriculture into the southwest by the Spaniards earlier than these dates have never been verified. What Is the term lor the practice some people have when puzzled of opening the Bible at random, reading a verse, and allowing It to determine the person's course of action? T. N. Divination by means of the Bible is called Bibliomancy. Use of poetic verses, fixed on by chance, was common in Rome. Virgil was often used for this purpose. As the Bible spread through Europe, devout people naturally turned to it for direction. The custom still persists, although church dignitaries have frowned upon it. Where did President McKlnley die? M. C. In the home of John G. Milburn, 1168 Delaware avenue, Buffalo, N. Y. Of what was the Koman Coliseum made? C. T. Large blocks of travertine. The inner walls were of concrete with and without brick facing. They were strengthened by piers of peperino and travertine at points of greatest pressure. The pediment, columns, and seats were of marble. The Coliseum had no roof. When was the fountain pen invented? A. H. The first practical one Feb. 12, 1884, by Lewis Edson Waterman. When was the St. Louis race riot? A. S. June 8, 1917. The origin of the trouble was the immigration of Negroes from the southern states to take advantage of the unusual opportunities afforded by war industries. The working men of St. Louis and other cities strongly opposed the increased population and the result was friction which ended in riot. Did Gainsborough make many etchings or ncquatinls? ,T. K. He did very little in etchings or aquatints, only 15 oÂ£ the former being known and three of the latter. j They resemble his chalk drawings but are not colored. Can a person ask you to get sonic information from a government department for him? K. K. Such a request will be complied with immediately. The mail is sorted in this office and rcscnrchcrs personally visit \lm d n p n r t m c n t s 7'ith letters v.-hicli nerd this treat- ment. Send question to this newspapers Information Bureau, enclosing coin or stamp for reply. Address Frederic J. Haskin, director. Washington, D. C. How do the armies of Russia, France and Italy compare? T. L. The largest army in the world at present is that of Russia. Russia lias an active army of 830,000 and approximately 15,000,000 trained reserves. France has an active army of 584,300 and 6,328,000 trained reserves. Italy has an active force of Â·137,368 and a trained reserve of 5,885.000. Ho\v are bells cast to get the proper tones? O. N. The art of bell making is one requiring a high degree of technical skill. The amounts of various metals and alloys, the sizes and weights of the bells must all be calculated to a nicety to produce the musical sound necessary to an acceptable tone. How many airplanes licensed by the United States? O. P. There are 6,896 aircraft licensed. There are 2,388 unlicensed, making a total of 9,284. For whom Is Mt. Mitchell named" C. W. Mt. Mitchell, 18 miles east ot Asheville, N. Car., is named for Prof. Elisha Mitchell. In 1857, while determining the height of the mountain, he lost his life by a fall from a precipice. The body of the scientist is buried at the summit. AUNT HET By Robert Quillen "It's like watchin' strange teams play baseball. Gossip don't give you no satisfaction if you don't know the folks."