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i i o M f. M 5 A P : i: Â·' r or i '-Â·;; " '.(-i i \ ;Â· Â· i NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XLII FIVE CEKTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 120 Pacifist or Militarist? Stewart Can't See Any Solution for Problem. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , (CPA)--Is a congressman a militarist or a pacifist when he supports history's largest p e a c e - t i m e allowance for America's army and navy? "He is a pacifist." answer virtually all of those who have argued recently for a $545,226,313 army appropriation and $549,591,299 for the navy. A total of a billion and nearly one-tenth! Most of the time' during which the controversy over this expenditure has been pending congress also has been busy with the framing of plans to keep the United States neutral in the next overseas war, if any-and many folk are mightily apprehensive of one. Now, is it consistent to shout for strict American neutrality, snd, at the same time to vote for record breaking American preparations to fight? Well, American lawmakers have done it wholesale. Not a Neiv Idea. Their reasoning is that America must be ready to "defend its neutrality." It is not a new idea that a country must be "loaded for bear" to intimidate bears into leaving it at peace. Military men generally subscribe to this doctrine. Military minded civilians do, too. And of course it is subscribed to by producjrs and salesmen of military supplies. To me it seems that both logics are wrong. If a country is weak, it is imposed upon. If it is strong, its inclination is to prove it. -" '';:Â· The-solution?: I don't .believe there is any- ~'"~''"'' ' ' ' Jfaturally Breeds Strife. Militarism naturally breeds strife. It is rampant in countries which know what they want to grab. Would-be pacifistic countries are the possessors of territory which the grabbers want to grab, but which the prospective grabbees are determined not to surrender, even if they have to fight to defend it. A grab isn't necessarily a direct grab. Italy, for example, wants Ethiopia, which is not, directly, taking anything away from John Bull. Nevertheless, it is depriving the latter of the control of the headwaters of the Nile, which are essential, in turn, to Johnnie's control of all the fertility of the Nile basin. If Japan seeks to gobble north China whyl north China is not American soil, but Japanese control of north China excludes American trade from that area. In Latin America. Uncle Sam's weight in Latin America may count considerably. He hasn't much economic weight there, due to his commercial bungling, but he weighs as against the old world's political ambitions--and he can improve himself economically by improved management. North American m a r i t i m e strength, in short, will signify in the southern republics--provided it isn't exercised in a fashion obviously intended to frig-hten them, commercially or militarily. They may be frightened, but they will be antagonized also. A strong United States, in short, may be a powerful new world factor, if it is evident that it is 'truly pan-American. Not otherwise. As to Europe, Japan and elsewhere that is a matter of guesswork. Â· NORTON'S LOVE TURNS TO HATE Another General Accused of Being in Politics JOCKEY IS HELD FOR QUESTIONING Body of Woman Is Found on Railroad Station Lawn in New Orleans. NEW ORLEANS. UP'--Police reported Tuesday they were holding Jack O'Day, 26 year old free lance jockey, for questioning in connection with the mystericiu5 slaying of Mrs. Estelle Hughes, whose body was found on the lawn of a downtown railroad station early Tuesday morning. O'Day has been staying in New Orleans during the current racing season where he has been employed at the the fairgrounds tra^k. Mrs. Hughes was described by police as being- around 29 years old. the mother of a nine year old child. She was believed to be a native of Panama City. Fla. Her body was found lying- on a small plot of grass near the railroad station with a bullet wounu in the head. BOLLES NAMED BY ROBINSON IN SENATE DEBATE Hastings Calls Removal of Hagood Example of "Terrorism." WASHINGTON, OP)--A charge that Maj. Gen. Frank C. Bolles. commander of the seventh corps area at Omaha, was "actively engaging" in politics developed Tuesday in senate debate on the suspension from duty of Maj. Gen. Johnson Hagood as eighth corps area commander. Senator Hastings (R.. Del.) had termed the action in relieving Hagood of his command an "illustration of terrorism in government" when Senator Robinson, the democratic leader, hurled the charge against Bolles. He coupled it with an assertion that Senator Hastings (R., Del.) was "instrumental" in sending Brig. General William Mitchell, former air corps chief, "to his grave without the restitution due him." Storms Out Words. The debate springing out of the suspension of Hagood involved a half dozen senators. Robinson literally stormed out his words in heated reply to Hastings; He asserted that Hagood "violated" the army code in taking part in "politics by criticizing the. administrative agency.. . " . Â· ' "And there, is at least one more corps commander," R o b i n s o n shouted, "who is actively engaged in.politics, who has a candidate of his own for the presidency and boasts he is making efforts in his behalf." "Is he a new dealer?" interrupted Hastings. "No," snapped Robinson, "he is an old dealer like yourself." Responds to Question. He gave General Bolles' name in response to a direct question from Hastings, but did not name the candidate he was assertedly supporting. Turning to the Mitchell case, Robinson declared Hastings had held up action for a year on a bill the majority leader had introduced to "remove the stain" from the record of General Mitchell, who was court martialed for his outspoken denunciation of army leaders he held responsible for lack of air corps development. Hagood, in what already has threatened to become a political issue, was ordered home to "await orders" shortly after telling a house subcommittee that works progress administration funds were "stage money." Hastings, chairman of the republican senatorial campaign committee, declared: Refers to Court. ! "Here is an effort on the part of the commander-in-chief of the army and navy to see to it that nothing reflects on his administration, not of the army and navy, but of the general affairs of his administration." The Delaware senator referred to a. recent supreme court decision as being "very helpful as far as freedom of the press is- concerned," and added: "What we need is freedom of speech as well. So far as I know, the thing that makes the senate more attractive than anything else is that by our rules we are permitted to speak our piece when we care to," He said reports that the president is endeavoring to "create a dictatorship" were "not as unlikely as maay people believe." BOLLES DENIES TAKING ANY PART IN POLITICS DES MONKS. (.T)--Maj. Gen. Frank C. Bolles. commander of the seventh corps area at Omaha, asserted emphatically at Fort Des Moines here Tuesday that he is "not in politics." He made the declaration when advised that Senator Robinson, during the senate debate on the suspension from duty of Maj. Gen. Johnson Hagood, had charged General Bolles with political activity. "Why, I've never even voted except once in my life," General Bolles said. "That one exception," he recalled, "was for the mayor of San Francisco about 10 years ago." General Polles said he was at the Fort Des Moines army post, which i? in the seventh corps area, on army business. I Fisher Demands Perjury Charges Against Whited Wilentz Hurries Back to Take Charge of Lindy Case. By JOHN FERRIS TRENTON, N. J.. (.T)--A demand that prosecution officials bring a perjury charge against Millard Whited, Sourlands mountain logger and one of the chief witnesses against Bruno Richard Hauptmann, was made Tuesday by C. Lloyd Fisher, chief counsel for Hauptmann. Fisher in a letter to Prosecutpr Anthony M. Hauck, Jr., of Hunterdon county, said he wished Hauck "would proceed in the Whited case as you did in the Heier case." He referred to Benjamin Heier, New York restaurant cashier, a Hauptmann defense witness who was indicted in Hunterdon county for perjury at the FIcrnington trial. Sitting in Auto. Heier swore he was sitting in an automobile with a young woman the night of April 2. 1932, when the S50.000 ransom was paid and saw a man jump from the wall of St. Raymond's cemetery. The man, he said, was not Hauptmann. The state, in rebuttal, produced a witness who said at about the hour Heier testified he was in the Bronx he was involved in an automobile collision in midtown Manhattan. Heier's case has not been brought to trial. Reluctant to Act. Fisher himself is reluctant to sign a complaint against Whited, who was accused by Gov. Harold G. Hoffman of "lying." Whited said he saw Hauptmann. prowling in "the woods near the Lindbergh estate shortly before the kidnaping, March 1, 1932. The man who told the Flemington jury Hauptmann "will be thawed out when he hears that switch" sped back to New Jersey Tuesday to make sure the convicted killer of the Lindbergh baby will not escape the chair. Atty Gen. David T. Wilenlz was scheduled to arrive here from Florda late Tuesday afternoon to take irom the shoulders of Prosecutor Hauck the burden of replying to Governor Hoffman's attack on two of the state's witnesses against Hauptmann. To Confer With Hauck. He is expected to confer at once with Hauck to get a first hand account of the latest developments in the case which apparently he had regarded as settled when he went to Florida three weeks ago. Hauptmann is under sentence to die the week of March 30, but prosecution officials believe another reprieve may be granted unless they let quickly to forestall further attacks on the case they presented i against Hauptmann. Calls Reprieve Illegal. Wilentz called the reprieve granted by the governor Jan. 16 il- .egal and said at that time he would oppose anether unless circumstances warrant. The Rev. John Mattiesen of Trenton, Hauptmann's spiritual advisor, Monday night in New York, quoted the condemned man as saying he believed Dr. John F. (Jafsie) Condon testified against him unwillingly under police pressure. Condon was the intermediary in the futile payment of $50,000 ransom for return of the infant. DAVID T. WILENTZ REPORT ITALIAN COLONY INVADED Ethiopian Government Says Base Destroyed, 668 Italians Killed. ADDIS ABABA. (.T)--The Ethiopian government announced Tuesday that its troops had invaded the Italian colony of Eritrea Feb. 19, destroying an Italian base. The base was described as located at Amaga on the Setit river on the northwest border of Ethiopia where Ethiopia, Eritrea and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan meet. The purported victory appeared to be a continuation of a. northward thrust by Ethiopian troops in which the government said 668 Italians had been killed in two previous clashes. Construction Will Continue. THORNTON -- Workmen began Monday to clean away snow from the new school building premises and it is hoped work can be resumed with no f u r t h e r interruptions. Bricklaying on the new structure was halted at the first floor. ANOTHER.TOUCH OF GOLD IS SEEN Weatherman Expects Return of Zero Temperatures Overnight. Thia,v.prodigal: -wi.nt.er'. knocked at Iowa's "door again Tuesday and the weatherman said it would bring zero temperatures back to the state early Wednesday. But the clouds which frowned on the entire state Tuesday morning, he added, would clear away Tuesday night letting the sun through Wednesday. Freezing set in again early Tuesday when temperatures fell below 32 degrees in North Iowa after climbing' far above normal again Monday over all the state. The mercury which rose to 39 above zero in Mason City Monday dropped to 16 above during the night and at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning stood at 17 above. 70 Above at Keokuk. The highest temperature reported Monday was Keokuk's 70. Davenport reported 54, Dubuque 46; Des Moines 44; Council Bluffs 42, and Charles City and Sioux City, 38. Sioux City reported 16 early Tuesday. Charles City's slush and mush of melted snow and ice froze again at 20 degrees. At Council Bluffs the low was 24 and at Des Moines, 31. Dubuque reported 34, and Davenport 36. The weatherman said northwest Iowa would get zero temperatures early Wednesday. Five above was expected in the northeast section, 10 in the southwest and 15 in the southeast. Flond Danger Less. "Even though. melting has been general since Saturday," he declared, there hasn't been much run off yet for rivers have risen little. "But if this alternate freezing and thawing continues, the flood danger is materially reduced as we'll get rid of this snow blanket a little at a time." He estimated that the thaw has melted down at least a foot of the snow blanket over the state. NAVAL PACT OF U. S., GERMANY, BRITAIN SOUGHT English Make Proposal as 4 Power Conference Faces Failure. Retail Sales Increase. DES MOINES. r.-T)--A report on sales tax receipts showed Iowa retail sales increased 13 per cent during the last holiday season, over the 1934 period. TTz^Weather FORECAST IOWA: Generally fair and colder Tuesday night and Wednesday. MINNESOTA: Fair and colder Tuesday night and Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at S o'clock Tuesday morning; Maximum Monday 39 Above Minimum in Night 1( Above At 8 A. M. Tuesday 17 Above It's news indscd when the ancr- ctiry mounts tn 30 in N o r t h Iowa this winter. This Monday maximum, however, was 3 degrees lower than for the previous 24 hour period. By CHARLES P. NUTTER Associated Press Foreign Staff LONDON, (.T)--Great Britain, anticipating failure for the four power naval conference, has proposed an Anglo-German-American naval agreement, it was learned Tuesday from authoritative sources. Members of the United States delegation, asked to confirm this report, refused to discuss it High naval sources described the proposal as one of the most important affecting the United States, Great Britain and Germany since the World war. Would Limit Sizes. The agreement would limit the sizes and types of ships and guns among the three countries concerned and would provide for an annual exchange of information on construction programs. Word of the Anglo-German-American proposal came shortly after Italy had injected the Italo-Ethiopian war question into the naval conference as a fresh barrier to the achievement of a naval limitation treaty. Authoritative sources said that the Italian _ delegation...had. notified the British that Premier Mussolini would not accept any new naval accords until the league of nations sanctions against Italy were discarded and the reinforced British fleet withdrawn from the Mediterranean. Pact Under Discussion. The substance of the proposed agreement among the United States, Great Britain and Germany would be the same as that now under discussion among- the United States, Great Britain, France, and Italy in the present four power conference, with battleships limited to 35,000 tons and 14 inch guns. It was understood that the agreement could be effected either in the form of a signed treaty or by the exchange of notes. The original source for this information stated that the agreement would not be an alliance. Would Not Take Sides. Naval authorities said they felt that a tri-power treaty, as a treaty, might not be acceptable to Washington O n the grounds that it migkt appear the United States was taking sides in European affairs, that it would not desire to seem siding with Germany and Great Britain against France, Russia, Italy, and other powers. It was reported authoritatively that the British were "disgusted" with French opposition to the inclusion of Germany in the present na.val conference and with the French demands for an Anglo- French air pact a.s the price of a French signature on a four power naval conference treaty. The Italian demands that Great Britain withdraw her fleet in the Mediterranean and that the league remove sanctions also annoyed the I f Â· British. r Reports of Stock Gifts Go to SEC WASHINGTON, (.T)-- New reports to the securities commission Tuesday brought to 5100,000.000 the total of securities gifts made by corporation officers and large stockholders in advance of higher gift taxes that went into effect Jan. 1, 1936. The reports were made public in a supplemental summary for December and previous months. They showed some .$7,000,000 in gifts in December, and about 58,000,000 more in preceding months. About $85,000,000 had been reported previously. December Peak Month. December stood out as the peak month in the flood of gifts which began in early summer when the president and congress begun work on the tax program now in effect. Nearly. $30.000,000 was given away in that month. Among the larger donations in Tuesday's reports was one of $1.500,000 by James Simpson of Chicago, consisting of 99,000 common shares of Marshall Field and company common slock. Simpson gave the stock last August. G. M. Moffett of New York gave about .fl.150,000 in 15,000 common shares of Corn Products Refining company, also in August, and Theodore H. Kirk, Winston-Salcm, N. Car., received $1,160,000 in 20,200 B common shares of R. J. Reynolds Toba.cco company. Must Report Gifts. Securities commission regulations merely require officers and larg stockholders to report gifts or re' ceip.ts. "They" do not require the name of the second party to the transaction, donor or donee, as the case may be. Other gifts included: John Stuart, Chicago, gave 150 preferred Quaker Oats company, Howard H. Rath received and J. W. Rath gave, both of Waterloo, Iowa, 1,000 and 3,000 common, Rath Packing company. $125,000 Paid for George V Funeral LONDON, (.P)--The funeral Jan. 28 for King George V, who died the night of Jan. 20 at Sandringham, cost 25,000 pounds (about $125,000) The expense was disclosed Tuesday in a supplementary estimate for various government departments, presented to the house of commons for parliamentary appnn'ai. AT POWER ISSOE New Housing Program Gets Share of Attention m Capital. WASHINGTON, l.f)--Controversy between the government and private power companies shared capital attention Tuesday with a new 'lousing prograi municipal power pro"gracious'' enough to in Fall From Vestibule of Train at Switch NICHOLS, (.Â·?)--H. E. Ridge of Cedar Rapids, brakeman on Rock Island passenger train No. 61, met instant death when he apparently fell from the vestibule of his train at a switch south of Nichols late Monday night. He suffered a broken neck, broken arm and a skull fracture. Ridge was not missed until the train reached West Liberty. The I crew on train No. 62 searched for j the body and found it lying by the roadbed. No inquest was held. The body was taken to Cedar Rapids. Gasoline Burns Fatal to Davenport Woman DAVENPORT, (.T) -- Mrs. John Phillips, 26, died Tuesday morning M burns suffered Monday evening when she mistook a can of gasoline i'or kerosene while starting a fire in stove at her home. The resultant explosion showered her with f l a m - ing liquid inflicting burns over her entire body ceed with its jects, or be "gracio carry a fight a o ainst them to tte supreme court speedily. The Associated Gas and Electric company challenged claims that it owes the government S40.000.000 on income and profit taxes for the five years ending in 1933. It asked the hoard of tax appeals for a rede- termination. To Fore in Senate. The power question was pushed to the fore also in the senate. That chamber voted to take, up the Norris bill, authorizing a SI,000,000,000 ten year rural electrification program, after hurriedly passing a bill increasing capital stock of the Commodity Credit corporation. Appropriations for regular activities of the agriculture dcpartmnt were up for debate in the house again. Confer on Farm Bill. Conferees for the senate and house were summoned to meet to try to reconcile differences on the $500,000,000 soil conservation-subsidy farm program. Completion of a housing program was disclosed by Peter Grimm, treasury specialist. Involving treasury outlays of less than 5100,000.000 the first year, it still awaited approval by President Roosevelt, who returned today, from a New York visit, to attend the funeral of Col, Henry Latrobe Roosevelt, assistant secretary of the navy. ON THE INSIDE VIRGINIA BRUCE Guard Actress' Home After Kidnap Warning ON PAGE 2 Crew Unable to Open Highway to Hospital ON PAGE 3 First of Declamatory Contest Series Held ON PAGE 3 North Iowa "B" Cage Aces Play Game Here ON PAGE 9 Murphy Says Legion Not Seeking Pension ON PAGE 2 Seal Sales Finance Tuberculosis Clinics ON PAGE 8 State Gets Federal Aged Pension Check ON PAGE 8 TELLS MAYOR TO CLEAN UP OR QUIT Dry Leader Makes Demand as 2 Minneapolis Police Are Indicted. MINNEAPOLIS, (.T)--Dr. R. B. Holsaple, superintendent of the Minnesota anti-saloon league, Tuesday demanded Mayor Thomas Latimer order a city houseclcaning "or get out" as the grand jury indicted two police captains on charges of neglect of duty. Reiterating his charges of "lawless conditions existing in this city." while organizations and individuals continued their week drive for better government, Holsaple declared: "All he I ihe m a y o r ) need* to do is to toll the police department to enforce the laws and drive out the crooks and give the department assurance he will stand back of them. If the laws are not going to be enforced he should get out." Former Police Chief. Capt. Frank Brunskill, former chief of police, and Capt. William Forby were charged on two counts each involving liquor law violations by tavern and dance hall operators. Both captains are in charge of precinct police stations. Mayor Latimer. who could not be reached immediately, previously said he would suspend the officers when and if the indictments were voted. The mayor has demanded proof of Holsaplc's accusations and termed them "malicious, false and ridiculous." Clinuix o Prnhr. The bills against Captains Brunskill and Forby tvere the climax to the jurors' liquor investigation in which 20 other indictments, charging as many liquor dealers with perjury in obtaining licenses, were voted. The jury also returned two other indictments today, naming two more liquor dealers and accusixxg them of perjury in their applications for liquor licenses. Skulls Fractured in Auto-Train Collision UNDERWOOD. (.T -- G e o r g e Johnson, 38, Eentley storekeeper, and Ed Messerli. 42. Bentley fann- er, suffered possible s k u l l fractures when the t r u c k in which t h e y were riding rolliderl w i t h .1 HoN; Tslan'l j passenger t r a i n near here. The men I vvrrr taken to a Council Bluffs hos- IpitaJ FARMER DENIES HE HAD PART IN POISONING WIFE Bedford Man Says "That Old Woman Is Trying to Frame Me." BEDFORD, (.T 1 )--Floyd Horton'9 signed statement disclosed Tuesday the illicit love he bore his widow- paramour, Mrs. Anna Johnston, who accused him of giving his wife the poison that killed her, has turned to bitter hate. At one place in the statement Horton declared of Mrs. Johnston "if she were here I would kill her." Shortly after officers exhibited the statement, Horton shouted at newspapermen, "I'm not guilty. That old woman (Mrs. Johnston) is trying to frame me. The only thing I've got to be sorry for is that I ever had anything to do with her." Mrs. Johnston was calm. Widow Sleeps Well. "I slept well," she said, "because my conscience is clear now." The 38 year old farmer and his "neighbor woman," both of whom admit illicit relationships, faced the world Tuesday from jail cells where they arc held without bond on murder charges filed against them yesterday. Bolh pleaded not guilty late yesterday, Mrs. Johnston hesitantly, after declaring. "I don't sec what good an attorney will do after what I did." Horton, however, emphatically asserted his innocence and asked time to obtain legal counsel. Seeks Early Trial. County Attorney Roger F. Wafin . declared he would make every effort to bring the couple to trial within two weeks. In his statement Horton declared that after his 37 year old wife, who had been suffering a cold, took one of the capsules which the state contends contained poison, she said she "felt better." The portion of Horton's statement concerning "killing Mrs. Johnston." had to do with the discovery of a capsule in Mrs. Horton's pocketbook, five days after the woman died in convulsions at her snowbound home early Feb. 15. Horton told of examining the pocketbook in the presence of County Attorney Warin. Paper in Focketbook. "I came across a piece of newspaper wadded up in the pocketbook," the statement reads, "and I exclaimed: " 'My God, what is this.' "Roger Warin took the wad of paper and unfolded it and there we saw an empty capsule. The capsule was wrapped in the Clearfield Enterprise (a newspaper) with my name on the Enterprise. "I said: 'My God, that fixes me now. It looks like a plant, x x x I know the person who did it ail. If she were here I would kill her.' " Both Horton, blond and husky, and Mrs. Johnston, 38. dark and buxom, admitted trips together to southern Iowa and Missouri towns, of hours spent together at their homes "when no one else was around." Capsule in Purse. Mrs. Johnston declared she placed the empty capsule in Mrs. Horton's purse after the woman ciied, because "Horton came to me. kissed me and asked me to do so, so 'it would look like she done it herself. 1 " Horton, in his statement, declared he obtained the capsules from Mrs. Johnston. "My wife told me," his statement' reads, "that Mrs. Johnston had told her the day before I Feb. 141 that she had some quinine at her home and she wanted me to bring it home." Horton then told of going to the Johnston home and said: "While I was there, she said: " 'There sets your empty jar with medicine for your wife and you, in it. Don't forget it.' Envrlnpe for Wife. "Anna Johnston told me the envelope was for my wife. My wife tore the envelope open in my presence and dumped it out. "Two quinine capsules and two other tablets fell out on the table and she let them lay there as far as I know until she took them." "How could I be guilty?" Horton asked today. "I wanted an inquest held. I told the coroner I wanted to get to the bottom of this." Investigation of Mrs. Horton's death was started Feb. 16, after neighbors had scooped away highway drifts so her body could be brought here. Poison in Viscera. Dr. Seth A. Watson refused t^ sign a death c e r t i f i c a t e a f t e r ex- i s m i n i n g her body anrl Coroner , Floyd Shum ordered an autopsy.