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MASON CITV GLOBE-GAZETTE, AUGUST 27 1935 MASON CITY GLOBE- GAZETTE AN A. W. LKE Isiued Every Wetk DÂ»y By the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZKTTE COMPANY Emat i'.ttÂ« StrMt Jl Telephone No. 3800 LJEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor Cily Editor Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which ts exclusively entitled U the UM for publication at all nÂ«Â»a plÂ»iiÂ«tchoe crcrtiicil to It 01 not olbÂ«rwlÂ« cred(lÂ«d In tlilÂ« pÂ»per. Â«nd all local ncwÂ«. ' MEMBER, IOWA D A I L Y PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Mo!DM newi Â»nd buslne-it offices at 105 Shops Building PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Luke. Mason City and Clear Lake, by the year J7.00 by the week i-E t .l.j OUTSIDE MASON CITY AMI Cl.KAK i - A K K Ver year by carrier J7.00 By mall 6 month* Â« 2! ?Â«r week by carrier S .15 By mall 3 month* 51.-'5 PÂ«d year hy mall $4.00 By mail 1 month * .SO OUTSIDE 100 MJ1.K ZONK Per year J6.00 Six month* SS.t'O ThreÂ« months. .Jl.78 WHICH DEMOCRAT? T WO ADDRESSES given Lo the young democrats in national convention at Milwaukee last week were of special interest. One, of course, was that of the president. If you accept his premise that he and his associates are capable of charting a course for America better than the one charted hy experience, tradition and constitution, you'll laud the president's conclusions. We found ourselves unable to do that. To us it was just another clever utterance from one of history's most clever crowd psychologists. The other address which caught our attention was that of Gov._ George H. Earle of Pennsylvania in which there was a frank admission that the new democracy has swung shut the gates of world markets and committed America to a policy of self-containment. "Looking back," he declared, "we can trace much of the folly of the old deal to the fallacy of foreign markets. The unwhole3ome prosperity of the 1920's Â·was built upon the sands of shores other than ours. Our credit structure rested not entirely on our own shoulders and too heavily on those foreign peoples, who, through no fault of their own, were unable to bear it." Let us pass the humorous aspects involved in this commitment for democracy, traditional apostle of low tariffs or no tariffs, sponsor of the league of nations internationalism as recently as 1920. They're good for a. laugh, that's all. Let us, instead, consider the present administration's utterances and acts in relation to the Pennsylvanian's contentions. First there's Secretary Wallace of the department of agriculture. Most assuredly his policy of artificial prices through the medium of processing taxes has closed the doors on world trade. True, the lowan has hedged an apology that it's merely a stop-gap. But the gates are no less permanently shut, according to the best opinion on the subject. Next there's Cordell Hull, secretary of state, the man who aupposedly writes the ticket so far as America's foreign policies are concerned. He's a rank internationalist of the free trader order. His particular mission in the present administration appears to be that of undoing what the Wallace policy of self- eufficiency has accomplished toward Isolating America, economically and politically. All of which leads us down to an application of Governor Earlc's declarations. If Mr. Wallace Is to be accepted as the exemplar of the new deal, what he contended is absolutely pat. If, on the other hand, Mr. Huil is to be accepted as the pure quill of the contemporary democracy, what he contended has no foundation in fact. So where are we after all the Milwaukee oratory has subsided ? We'll guess with you. The current "share our wealth" tax plan would work quite effectively along with a cut of three and a half billions from the federal government annual expenditures. "Because of" and "in spite of" will be two much used phrases as the new dealers and the old dealers seek to explain recovery these next few months. Now PWA and WPA, both federal agencies, arc engaged in conflict to sec which can handle the individual spending projects. Carrie Chapman Catt says suicide is .sometimes "justifiable." Wouldn't "explainable" have been a better word, Mrs. Catt? The real statesmen of today are virtually all in private life--repelled rather than attracted by politics. Spirit of the new taxation: "Shane him^agaln, he may have another nickel concealed on him." Little Is being said these days by those at the controls about "the teachings of history." Simile: Rare as a District of Columbia lawyer not on the government's payroll. OTHER VIEWPOINTS IT WON'T BE SHORT Harry Bnyd in Cedar Rapids Gazette: How will former President Hoover flay his "I do not choose to run" wben the proper time'comes, Earl Hall, Mason City editor, wonders. Nobody knows, of course. In tact, nobody knows us yet whether Mr. Hoover thinks there is a proper time to say he does not choose to run. Assuming, however, that the former president has no desire to essay a return to the white house, we can say with a f a i r degree of assurance that no newspaper editor will ever get the Hoover "1 do not choose" into the cramping confines of a single newspaper headline. A cursory glance through the major public pronouncements of Mr. Hoover's official career discloses that sentences of eight or ten words are few and far between. The former president lacks that f l a u for terseness which marked the speech and writings) of his predecessor, Calvin Coollclge. If and when the time conies, therefore, one may expect Mr. Hoover to remove himself from the presidential race with a heavy, sixtecn-cyllnder statement that even a South sea pearl diver would never be aole to read In a single brenth. And that's all right, too, ii among the wordage Mr. Hoover can contrive to leavt some of the lingering doubts and ambiguities t h b political writers were able to discover in Mr. Coolidge's "I do not choose." DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT OF KtN'Q A ^fWJMlLL, BUILT W 1840 IM r\HD 5TlL\_ IN U ^ ' Â» SAID TO BE Oi-DET CONMETCtl CUT TO PACIFIC OBSERVING wonder what Mason City's i was half of it. Then the justice Â»md* COM MO H OF THE- PRESENT PfYY 1$5UÂ£. BEAR UNCLE ^fXM 1 ? PICTURE LAID ON IT? 51 DE BET OF O *w , Copyright. 1935. by Centra! I'reu Association. Inc. g-2-7j' ROGERS ON DEGREES Redwood, Minn., Gazette: One of Will Rogers characteristics was that ot saying exactly what he thought no matter whom it might offend, yet wording hia comment so expertly that the wisdom of his view was evident and made few enemies. An example of this which remained in the writer's mind because we agreed heartily, occurred several years ago when Rogers was offered an extra-honorary degree by some southern university. He had emphatically advised the university that he felt he deserved no such recognition, reminding them that he was a comedian, not a professor and that aa such he felt that the honorary "degree" before his name would be entirely out of place. Then he proceeded to take universities in general to task for passing out degrees to millionaires, with the endowment fund In mind or to prominent persona, with publicity as the object. He made it so clear that they couldn't miss his point yet he must have made them feel more like a scolded child than an infuriated parent. BIERMANN'S TRIP TO EUROPE Pecorah Public Opinion: With the kindest personal feelings in the world, Public Opinion commends highly the wisdom of the decision of Congressman Bicrmann to sojourn in Europe for a few months, We wish him and Mrs. Blermann an exceptionally pleasant tour, and we realize his need of a good vacation after the strenuous times he has gone through In politics during the past few years. We also feel that to come home at this time would subject him to multitudinous and almost unbearable political trials and expenses that the trip to Europe will largely relieve him of--with the present mess, of the democratic state administration something any democratic leader like Fred should be glad to get GETTING UP SPEED /T^HREE-FOURTHS of the principal industries and 1 concerns engaged in financial and mercantile as far :is possible away from. business in the United States enjoyed substantially increased earnings for the first hole of 1935, compared with the same period last year. The results, tabulated by the magazine "Business Week" from reports of 350 companies embracing 30 groups, show a total gain of $60,000,000, or 17.1 per cent, In net earnings for the entire list, including hose companies which had deficits, or whose profits were less than in 1034. Construction materials producers lead the list with 171V; per cent gain in net earnings. Machinery manufacturers come second with 125 per cent increase, and after them the electrical equipment Industry, which registered 94.1 per cent above last year. Other lines that have done remarkably well are: Automotive accessories, 56.4 per cent; automobiles and trucks, 42.3; non-ferrous metals. 39; metal products, 27.1; steel and iron, 2G.7; paper products, 25.0; financing, 24.1; oil, 22.2; and so on. The record seems quite clear that business has made good progress on the upgrade in 1935, with an excellent outlook for further expansion of earnings in the fall season. CITY MANAGER IDEA GROWS Iowa Falls Citizen: A great effort is being made In Des Moincs to bring about adoption of the city manager plan of government. Every day we see reports from this or that city of the benefits accruing trom the city manager form of government, lown Falls ranks, as usual, with the cities t h a t arc enjoy ing the greatest results from city government through use of this mo.st modern plan, employment of a citj manager. 193(3 ISSUE FORESEEN Webster City Freeman-Journal: The Freeman Journal noted a fow days after the recent Rhode 1s- land election, which resulted in a republican victory that the AAA was the issue, which Indicates that th east, at least New England, Is going to be again.s flic agricultural west and south at the presidentia election next year. BUT THERE IT IS! Â·THIS IS a fateful period. The next few weeks may have within them the fate of our civilization. Not since 1914 has the world been so close to a major war. As was the case then, with .Serbia, the precipitating issue is likely to bn the independence of a small and helpless nation. But of course it is not Ethiopia, so much as hor incidental connection with the interests of the larger powers, which i.s the underlying cause. It seems almost impossible t h a t another major conflict can be fought, with the world in its present desperate economic situation, and the governments involved survive. Apparently only Italy wants to f i g h t , hut she has it in her power to force this holocaust upon the rest of the world. It is pitiful, senseless, horrible. But there it is! "LINDBERGH FOR PllESlDENT" UNWISE Clarion Monitor: The friends of Charles A. Linfl bergh are doing a very unwise thing by urging ni candidacy for the presidency. In the first place he i not old enough, nor ha.s ho the necc.ssary experionc for his high poÂ«itinn. H would simply mean t h e spoiling of a most excellent aviator to miiUe a poor presl- I ifioo-1904 dent. DIET and HEALTH Dr. C l c n d u n l n g cannot rtlaenose or K l v e personal answers to letturs from readers. When questions arc as ueneral Interest, however they will be taken up. In order. In the dally c o l u m n . Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan C l e n d o n l n K , care of The Globe-GnieUe. W r l t o legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOGAN !L*:NUENIN1, M. O. EARLIER DAYS Brim a Dally Compilation of IntereMInK llenn from the Ten, Twenty and Thirty Yeara Aro Kile* of the filotx-CiMtttt. Dr Clendeninr DROP IN DIPHTHERIA MORTALITY D NE OF my friends who has a musical bent, always carries with him around on his travels a small ortablc radio. He set it up the other day, and as we vere listening to the very tones of a voice which was Inging- over a thousand miles away, he said: "That is my idea of a real miracle." I could not gainsay that it was a modern scientific miracle, but 1 offered as a suggestion what appeals to me as a much greater and certainly much more useful miracle --that a disease which has afflicted Â·man kind through the centuries, taking its toll of thousands of lives a year, should be absolutely stopped by the ingenuity of man's mind. Such a miracle does not appeal to people so readily because it cannot be immediately heard, like t,he radio, or seen, like the airplane. It is a miracle not because something miraculous is present, but because Â·something is absent. We take it for granted that the disease Is not there, and forget all the genius which devised the means to make it disappear, and all the labor that is going on in laboratories and by boards of health to keep the disease in subjugation--to make the miracle keep on going. Appreciated by Study. It is a miracle which can only be appreciated by the study of cold columns of figures--of those fascinating but perhaps not very attractive things--statistics. The disease to which I particularly refer Is diphtheria. And I call attention to it at this time because of the imminent opening of school. Every child entering school for tne first Lime should huve the advantage of Immunization to diphtheria by the use of diphtheria toxoicl. How much this ptevcntive measure has done to rausc diphtheria to disappear can be seen, as I say, only in statistical figures. Story of Triumphs. Let us tnlcc one American city--New Haven. The death rate from diphtheria there from 1S90 to 181M averaged 74.5 per hundred thousand of population. In 1032 it averaged 0.6 per hundred thousand. Isn't t h a t astonishing? But nn analysis of the dropping death rate, year by year, tells a story of successive triumphs: Death Thirty Years Ago-W. E. Brice is now the owner of a handsome wood electric runabout which will be a decided addition to the numerous conveyances on the streets. The machine is of the latest pattern, quick in action and a gem of mechanical completeness. An insurance company of which local men are the promoters has drawn up articles of incorporation with a capital stock of $100,000. The president of the organization is A. H. Cummings. Other officers are W. L. Fatten, vice president; W. H. Barnes, secretary; A. H. Gale, treasurer; G. P. Smith, James Rule, F. J. Hanlon and T. A. Way. directors. Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Bjorgo loft today for Canton, S. Dak., where they will visit relatives. W. E. Lamb of Cedar Rapids Is in the city on business for a few clays. Charles Watson returned today from a visit at Spirit Lake and Arnolds Park. The Rev. James Havens has returned from visits with relatives at Albion, Nebr., and at Prescott, Wis. Howard Neelings is visiting friends in Algona today. showing would be in a teat _ based on the following suggested "balance sheet" in the current issue of The Rotarian: Assets--Healthy location; beautiful surroundings, prairies and groves, remote from large^ cities; treÂ« lined streets; three large parks, but outside city limits; good public school system; several private and parochial schools; college town, with large campus in heart of city; excellent college library in beautiful and well arranged buildings; free public library, one of best in the state, with own building; free kindergarten; little theater; attractive picture theater; public golf links; low living costs; low death rate; good water supply; modern sewage disposal plant; community center; manual training in schools; no dirt-making industries; chamber of commerce; four service clubs; two hospitals; good fire department; Boy and Girl Scouts; 60 per cent own homes, Â».c., etc. Liabilities--Many ugly buildings, particularly churches; too many filling stations on best corners; public square unsightly; only one small park in city; no zoning o r town planning; no physical improvement organization; school buildings old and badly arranged; no well-stocked bookstore; no art gallery; no museum; No concern for historical monuments; bad city government; no community house; no public playgrounds; unplanted vacant lots; stream through town riprapped with concrete, efficient but graceless; no parent-teachers associations; soft coal burned; gas works too near civic center; many streets badly paved; no milk Inspection; too many barrooms; lack of parking facilities; city governed by political boss; schools hampered by politics; college not sufficiently appreciated by town; many fine old houses allowed to run down; residences being driven farther out by needless encroachment of industries in business district, etc., etc. n,_.__ join F. A. Moscrip of the Marshalltown Times-Republican in the sentiment expressed in the recent editorial concerning Iowa's new highway patrol: "A Eoone dispatch states that a state highway patrolman arrested a Grand Junction man Sunday and that in justice court at Boone he was fined $125. The charge was reckless driving. "If the case is correctly stated history has been made. First impulse will be to question the amount of fine imposed. A fine of $125 for any violation of the safety laws stands out like a mountain on the low levels of official and judicial enforcement of human safety as applied to highway and city traffic. "The highway patrolman did his duty in making the arrest. Which a very definite impression on the defendant. Let it be hoped that there was not nor shall be any "suspended sentence" and that the fin* was promptly collected. "The circumstances of the cat* are not related. But reckless driving whether it speeds into arterial roads or into intersections, cut corners at speed, whatever fails to observe the right of others to life and limb ia sufficiently definite to belong in the classification of recklessness. "Reckless driving belongs to the category of criminal negligence. Degrees there may be but any and all acts which endanger human li*e, and limb mark the perpetrator as unfit to operate a deadly machine on street or highway." am asked by "Unmarried " of Manly to give pub- to "my honest philosophy of death" in the hope that it will draw out "some honest opinions from other people" .on the subject. While I'm not enthusiastic ! about the subject, I do like to be I accommodating when I can. The j contribution follows: "Death is nothing to fear. It is I merely the ceasing of all life in man.] Not only his heart and body stop, but his mind also stops. Most objections to death are the thought of I no more pleasures here on earth] and that of rotting in the grave. I If I die, 1 don't know whether I'm I having a good time or not, nor I whether I'm missing any worldly! pleasures or not. And as for rotting I in the grave, I'll have to do that any- f way, no worse then than now. And! as far as the pain of dying, if I am! injured and I live, then the pain I goes on. If 1 am injured and die,I the pain is gone. If I Were given! my choice of 10 years in the pen! or the death sentence, I would an-| swer without a moment's hesitation, 'Death.' " --o-never listen to the volleys! Â£ fired over a soldier's gravel "without wondering exactly! how the custom originated. AnotherJ Mason Cityan,, B. C., wondered this same thing and queried the Globe-l Gazette's information bureau in| Washington, with this result: "It is impossible to say exactlj when the custom of sounding a farewell note over a deceased soldier, or 1 the firing of a volley, originatedJ The ancient Romans at.the burial of military citizens, gathered around the bier and called the dead three times by name after which the wor Vale (farewell) was pronounced and the ceremony concluded. This would appear to be the origin of the thred salutes. Taps is the bugle call fod lights out or the last action of thfl day and corresponds to the farewelll The precise call originated in thtf United States, but is paralleled b the English Past Post, and the Re-j traite of France." G. W. Winters is looking after business in Dakota this week. M. P. Prichard is home from an extended business trip through South Dakota. F. W. Bagley of Butte, Mont., arrived in the city today for a visit with relatives. W. H. Hutchins of Viroqua is in the city on business today. J. A. Boyd of Elgin, 111., Is in the city the guest of Myron Milligan on Second street. Mrs. Alex Mottershead returned yesterday from Nashua where she has been enjoying a week's visit. Twenty Years Ago-BERLIN--The Teutonic pressure against the Russians in eastern Gallcia has resulted in the piercing of the Russian lines along the Ziota Lina river, it was officially announced by the German army headquarters today. PARIS--Four German military airplanes attempted to raid Paris this morning but were attacked by a French flotilla and one of the German machines was shot to pieces in mid-air. Mrs. A. D. Grubb and children went to Waterloo today for a visit with friends._and relatives there. Tom Churchill, the man who thought he was in St. Paul and wanted to go over in the city park to find a saloon, was released last night by Sheriff Mar.sh. He had sufficiently recovered his mind to know where he was. Miss Vangie Groff and Mrs. A. L. Kirby left yesterday for Milford where they will visit friends for a few days. Billy Banning drew with Pete Cavoy in a six ANSWERS to QUESTIONS Â·By FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON- A render cÂ»n Â»et the answer lo Â»n.v question ot fnet hy writing the (tlobe- Gaiette Information Bureau, t'rrileHr Â·. Ma*k!n, Director, 'Washington, I). Co rieh.ni! Inclose three (3) cents for reuly. 1890-1S04 1S95-1S99 THE STORY OK ONE F A R M K R Oehveln Register: One f a r m e r delivered a bunch of cattle to Mr. Schoeppe, the loral buyer, ycslerdaj HJid took hack w i t h him a check for $2,3*00. He boughv the steers last spring for four cents a pound, put abom 300 pounds motv weight on them and .sold th(-iri fot ten cents a pound. That Is not so bad for f a r m i n g . l f I 0-1911 rate 74.5 S'l.S IT).6 M.!) 7.1 1.6 0.6 Cause of Drop Introduction of diphtheria antitoxin in 1803. Increased f a i t h in early use of antitoxin. I n t r o d u c t i o n of t o x i n - a n t i t o x i n inoculation to prevent diphtheria. Widespread use of t o x i n - a n l i toxin. I m p r o v e m e n t in I m m u n i z a t i o n round exhibition boxing match at the armory last night. Mrs. Harry Durr left today for Silver Lake for a brief visit with relatives and friends. Ten Years A go- Mr, and Mrs. E. W. Schilling, 628 Sixth street I EDITOR'S MAIL BAG KOHLER COMES BACK K OHLER village over in Wisconsin is itself again. Reports from Kohler arc that 3.000 employes arc again working in the Kohler plant and that old time activity has returned to the great project which former Governor Walter J. Kohler has developed for the benefit of bis employes. Kohler village has returnud normalcy Because it offers ideal conditions for Industrial employment. How a strike of such proportion M waÂ» fomented at Kohler a year ago could ever have been brought about in a community where em ployment La under such ideal conditions has been one of the unexplained chapters of labor history. A G. A. U. E X A M P L E FOR L E G I O N IOWA SOLDIERS HOME, M A R S H A L L T O W N , Aug. 2i.--Grant. Garl'ickl. Hayes, Harrison, McKinley, all soldiers tried and true, electee! to the presidency. The uniform was not .T disgraceful badge! Governors, senators, representatives had worn it. They looKcd upon comradr.s who had worn it with sympathy anil compassion, t h e i r watch word was: "Fraternity, charj ity. loyalty" to those whom the immortol Lincoln said had borne the hoat and burden of battle. They were entitled to c o n s i d e r a t i o n nrui those who had served with them knew it. It. was never proclaimed t h a t they were entitled to no more credit t h a n n slacker. How n h o u t t h e Legion? What president iias il elected? W h a t high oflicial to defend it from economy leagues and tax r a t e r s ? God helps those who heip themselves. How do they help themselves electing as their own officials money bag spies to b e t r a y them '! Why not follow the Grand Army example? Put no traitors on guard, vote for soldiers tried and tnie. This nation was established by a soldier, George Washington, our first president. Successfully defended by another soldier president, Andrew Jackson, preserved by a soldier. Captain Abraham Lincoln whose great sympathy for men who wore the uniform was bastd upon understanding. Can the Legion f i n d no man who waded in the trenches and went over the top to vote for? The Grand Army proclaimed itself non-political and prohibited political action in its thousands 01 posts. But its near million of members knew their friends railed by whatever namy. To be continued. M. T. GRATTAN. by substituting toxoid for toxin- antitoxin. If 35 per cent of pro-school children and f0 per cent of school children were protected in this way, there would be no epidemics of diphtheria, according to Chicago's health commissioner, H. N. Bundescn. The toxoid is given in two doses, injected under the skin, one or two weeks apart. Co-operate with ynur boards of health and education in this great campaign by insisting upon your own child's inoculation. northeast, returned today from a visit at St. Paul and St. Croix Falls, Minn, Morris Harthan of Deer Creek, Minn., is in the city visiting relatives. 'John S u i b a l l e of Garner, Hancock county treasurer, visited in the city today. Mrs. W. F. Donke and children, Eva, Bernice and Robert, of Oshkosh, Wis., are visiting at the W. J. Hughes home, 642 Pennsylvania avenue southeast. Mr. and Mrs. \V. H. Ncugrig and W. M. Chilapkes of Philadelphia visited friends in the city today. Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Ridgeway of Thayer, Mo., are in the city for a brief visit with relatives. ONCE OVERS TOMORROW IS THE DAY Notable Blrths- A L t l . 'iK -Edison Marshall, born 1S9-1, A m e r A lean novelist... .Charles S. Whitman, born 18(!!, onetime r e f o r m e r and governor of New Y o r k . . . . A l v a W h i t e , k n o w n as Alice W h i t e , horn 190S, rinemactr. .ss Joliann Wolfgang Gorthe j g e h - r e h i . born 17V.I. R E V E N G E IS NOT SWEET SPIRIT of revenge brings nothing but mental disturbance. If you have a revengeful spirit you know how it has tormented you. You have been shocked at times when you realized how near you h a v e horn to doing something really mean to a person wiio has wronger! you. The stronger your convie- l l e was great as poet, essayist, d r a m a t i s t , n a t u r a l i s t , j tion becomes that you .should c a r r y out some plan to philosopher, novelist, t h e a t e r d i r e c t o r , critic, p o l i t i c a l j cause the d o w n f a l l of the one who hns supposedly or renlly injured you. the more you throw good sense to the winds. When such feelings have been allowed to poison the mind for long periods you become conscious of an alarming mental condition. You were fortunate if you gained control of yourself before you carried out any vengeful plans. Perhaps you learned a valuable lesson. If you had carried out your plans you would have little respect for yourself today. Very economist. Aug. 28, 18.Mi.~Thr first commercial oil well in the United States was brought in near Titusville, Pa., Dy Billy Smith and his two sons for Edwin L. Drake, at a depth of feet. Indians had dug them long before, and used oil for medicinal purposes for centuries. Its possibilities as an illumlnant were realized belore Drake's well was dug, foÂ» oil lamps had been Introduced from Germany. Oil made billions of dollars for others, and none for Drake. Seven years after the Titusville well was drilled, he was appealing to friends for money for his starving family. Â· * Â· Aug. 28, 1H6S-- J. L. Plimpton of New York introduced the first popular four wheeled roller skates. His wheels were of turned boxwood. likely you have had some experience In trying to get revenge. But there is no sweetness in revenge. SCRllTURAt, THOUGHT--A man shall be commended according to his wisdom: but he that is of H perverse heart shall be despised.--Proverbs 12:S. What car did Petlllo drive when he won the speedway rate this spring? M. J. Kelly Petillo's car was a Gllmore Special. The weight of the car was 3,960 pounds, and the qualifying speed was 115.095 miles an h o u r ' f o r 23 miles. Since helium is so light, why doesn't Â» cylinder o( helium rise in the air? J. C. Helium weighs about 1-7 of the weight of air. However, wh'en compressed into a steel cylinder, it Is so dense It weighs about 17 times as much as air and does not exert any lifting power. How rntiny American citizens live abroad? S. M. About 429,000, as follows: South America, 10,595; Mexico and Central America, 19,020; West Indies, 21,000; Canada, 247,565; Europe 98,645; Africa, 4,151; Asia, 26,036; Australia, 3,240. Is Labor day observed t h r o u g h o u t U S.? T. T. In all states and territories. What was the first railway to reach the Missouri river? F. N. The Hannibal road. It was incorp orated in 1S47. but the line was no finished until 1859 and through trains began operating Feb. 15. How many states cÂ«n be seen from Lookout mountain In Tenncs see? E. C. j The claim made for this mountain is that seven states can be seen from it, namely: Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Kentucky. When were weather observations ut various places first collected nnd churted? A. T. The idea of recording observations of weather made simultaneously at numerous places and forming these j observations into charts was f i r s t realized by Brandos, German physicist, in 1820. These charts were not published. The first published were produced by Prof. Ellas Loomis of Yale colicgc in 1843, and represented the weather of the eastern U. S. Feb. 16, 1842. Telegraphic reports for the purpose of weather forecasting were first suggested in 3842. How did the democratic donkey mid republican elephant originate? C. H. From cartoons bv Thomas Nast. The cartoon depicting the donkey was published in 1870 and the one depleting the elephant was published in 1874. VVhnt is n pyrnphone? F,. M. The n n m c of a ct:rlous kind of a musical instrument invented by eorges Frederick Eugen Kastnerl son of the German composer an nusical theorist, Jean Georges iastner. It consists of a act oi :ubes, from which sound is pro! duced, not by wind, but by jets oj as. \Vh;it is the cost of supporting candidate at a Citizens' MilitaH Training camp for one month ? D. Â· Exclusive of transportation mileage, average, $40 to $50. How many Mohammedans In *j.? V. C. About 25,000. What cities of less than 150,0(1 population have zoos? H. F. Hershey, Pa., San Diego, Jacksonville, Fla., Madison, Wis and Salt Lake City, Utah. Who was Thomus of Ceiano? H.' A Franciscan friar and disclpl| and biographer of St. Francis Assisi. Born at Ceiano in ihi Abruzzi, he joined St. FranciJ about 1214 and appears to hav been one of the first band of friar who went into Germany. Docs Death Valley have sand storms? A. S. Sandstorms and dust whirlwind of a few hours' duration are con mon. How many Girl Scouts arc there] W. F. The active, paid-up membership as of Oct. 31, 1934. totaled 3551 752. inclusive of Brownies between 7 and 10) and leaders. AUNT MET By Robert Quillen "There 'wouldn't be anj unhappy marriages if folka could get over the idea thatj marriage entitles 'em to boss one another."