The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 12, 1931 · Page 5
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 5

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 12, 1931
Page 5
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Page 5 article text (OCR)

·»:"· fc. "A' , / I* » I _££ggUARYj2JE| 1931 Lincoln Believed That Only With Help of Divine Providence Could Slavery Question Be Solved, Rule Tells Salons story of Rise From* Humble Origin Is Given. MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTK DES MOINES, Feb. 12.-- Abraham Lincoln was portrayed Tis a 'lawyer, soldier, great orator, greatest statesman and wonderful Christian character" by A r t h u r L. Rule of Mason City, a former state senator, before a joint gathering of the liotise and senate here today. Mr. Rule, a lifelong student of Lincoln, dealt particularly with the emancipator's almost superhuman faculty for reading the signs of the future and his ability to transcend Iho strifes and emotions of the present to view his problems in the light of future ages. Lincoln's habU of choosing his advisors from his enemy's camp to obtain the best men possible marked him one of the greatest statesmen of all time, according to Mr. Rule. The address told the story of Lincoln's development from a humble origin to a leader of the nation in the most troublous period of her history. Lincoln's ability to cope with every type of problem that came up was one of the marvels of his existence, according to Mr. , Rule. Born in' Obscurity. "Abraham Lincoln wag born in obscurity, reared in poverty and tossed and swayed upon the billows of adversity," said Mr. Rule, in touching on the early life of Mr. Lincoln. "With seven books, the Bible, Robinson Crusoe, Aesop's Fables, Bunyan'a Pilgrim's Progress, Wecm's L:re or "Washington, a history of the United States and the revised statutes of Indiana, as his sole source of literary training and education, until after he had leached his majority, he so developed his mind and character that he equipped himself with a command of English and such a human knowledge gained from nature, forest, stream and the sky, that he became a splendid lawyer, an orator and statesman soUHer of the ADDRESSES ASSEMBLY --^Emancipator Chose without a peer first rank and Christian character that is not sur- the day passed by any man since o f t h e Blessed M '.viler, H i . Lincoln's Gettysburg address and the second inaugural were pronounced the greatest masterpieces in the English, language by Lord Advisors From Enemy Camps. --Photo by Kirk Arthur L. Itule, ardent admirer and student of Lincoln, delivered an address on tho life of tho great statesman ticfqre a joint gathering of the house and senate of the Iowa assembly at Dns Momes Thursday. chancellor of the Univer- Oxford, Mr. Rule stated Curzon, sity of , . Passing hastily over the early life of Lincoln, the speaker centered his discussion about the period beginning ' in 1854 when Lincoln reentered politics to attack the Kansas-Nebraska bill, sponsored by his rival, Stephen A. Douglas. Giivo History of Slavery. To explain the problems which then presented themselves, Mr. Rule gave a short history of the slavery question. The policy of prohibiting slavery began with the framer of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson, who drew up the ordinances of. 1787 ceding the northwest territory from Virginia to the United States with the proviso that slavery should never he allowed therein, he said. 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Money refunded if not relieved after taking according to directions. Ask your druggist, (adv.) FOR THE COUGH FROM COLDS THA THANG ON setting 36 degrees and 30 minutes as the line between the slave and the free sections. The speaker quoted Stephen A. Douglas as stating in 1849 that the Missouri compromise was a "sacred thing which no ruthless hand would ever be reckless enough to disturb." Mr. Rule then proceeded to explain the Kansas-Nebraska bill, sponsored by Douglas and providing for the admission of Kansas nnd Nebraska as .states on the basis they could decide themselves whether they wanted to be slave or free states and with the amendment that the Missouri compromise should be inoperative. Given leadership. "The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill with the Douglas amendment fired Mr. Lincoln's soul and brot home to him the dangers that this question held for the future," Mr. Rule declared, enlarging upon the fact that Lincoln's excellent answer to Douglas on the issue raised him to the leadership of the opposition to Douglas. "With the clear supernatural vision which had been given Mr. Lincoln, he slated the very question which was to confront him during the remainder speaker added. question which of his life," the "He felt it was a could not alone be solved by the individual mind, but that the finality of its solution was in the hands of the Divine Providence; that not only guided thereby and by remaining- in close harmony therewith, could a leader be found, who could ultimately, with that Divine assistance, work out a final consummation. Gives Famous Speech. "In 1858, Stephen A. Douglas was a candidate for re-election to the United States senate and the new republican party, by resolution, made Abraham Lincoln the opposing candidate. That evening Lincoln appeared before the convention and delivered" his historical speech in which he said: " 'A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cimnot endure permanently half slave and half free. I dp not expect livs union to he dissolved -- I do not expect the bouse to fall -- but I do expect it will cense to be divided. It will become all one thing or the other.' " It was shortly after this that Lin coin challenged Douglas to a join' debate. It was in these debates tha'. Mr. Lincoln propounded the ques tion to Mr. Douglas: "'Can the people of the United States territory in any lawful way, against the wish of any citi/.en of the United States, exclude slavery from its limits, prior to the formation of the sfa'e c oils fit utiu.T." " Douglas answered this question in a manner which brot about his re-election to the senate, but in such a way as to alienate the south according to Mr. Rule. The next important incident in the life of Lincoln, the speaker stated, was his appearance before the Cooper institute In New York city and the man- PROTE W I T H A 48 Y E A R R E C O R D O F S U C C E S S In a littfe Iowa town, Modern Woodmen of America was organized in 1883. 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For the benefit of members jvho become afflicted with tuberculosis a free sanatorium is maintained in Colorado. » S A F E AND SOUND Modern Woodmen of America is 100% actuarially solvent. Its claims are paid, (5455,000,000 to date) and will continue to be paid promptly and in full: Its modernized plan of insurance is safe, sound and meets all requirements. To be insured in Modern Woodmen of America is to enjoy unusual benefits in addition to the safety of its insurance guaranteed by the required reserves. e GET MORE DETAILS One or more of the thirteen thousand Modern Woodmen Camps must be in your neighborhood. For more information as to benefits of membership and how you can protect your dependents, see the local camp clerk or deputy, or write to the Head Offices. Decide today to do this. OF AMERICA H E A D O F F I C E S R O C K ISLAND, ILL. T i l t W O R L D ' S L A R G E S T f R A T E R N A L B E N E F I C I A R Y S O C I E T Y ner m which he won the admiratioi the eLt. rCCi am ' t h e Iearned ° "Mr. Lincoln's candidacy for th United States senate and tl- Lincoln-Douglas debates and hi speeches in Kansas and the we= had attracted much attention, ye the east did not know nim," Mr Rule declared. "He was looked upo by the east as a rough frontiersman capable of splitting rails and grea feats of strength. As to intelligence refinement, eloquence or char'acte he was considered a joke To th effete _ east, he would be a -re source of amusement nnd men ment. Wanted to Hear Him. "In New York the younger mer of the newly-born republican parts which had succeeded the whig hat organized and were obtaining speak ers to appear in New York. Thesi speeches were held in the Cooper in stitute in New York City. Mr. Lin coin was engaged to speak on th evening- of Feb. 27, I860. The poets bankers, editors and merchants o New York vaguely rememberei having read of Daniel Boone Davit Crockett, the country of bowk knives, pistols, steamboat explosion and the mobs together with th repudiation of state debts and ti these Mr. Lincoln belonged. "These had been recalled by thi incidents of the border ruffians vio lence and the free state gorillas during the Civil war in Kansas am they wondered what was the type the character, the language of thib speaker. Out of curiosity, the cu! Lure, refinement and the educated mass of New York turned out to bi amused. Upon the platform was Horace Greeley, the great editor o the New York Tribune. David Dud ley Field, the great lawyer, escortec him to the platform and Willian Cnllen Bryant, the great poet, pre aided over the meeting. "As he stepped forward on th platform, they noted his apparenl embarrassment, his tall angulai stature, his long arms, his plain features. As he started to speak, he had a high pitched voice and his beginning foreshadowed a dry argument. Won His Audience. "In a few moments his awkward ness had passed away, the figure became more interesting and pleasing; the voice took on a tone of earnestness; his face lighted up will the inspiration of his cause; unconsciously and surely the ear am heart were charmed. 'How was ii done? Because his entire being rebelled at the injustice' of slavery; his soul was in the fight and hif clear logic and argument outline^ the history of slavery, its iniquities and dangers as they had never before understood it. The audience for one hour and a half sat spellbound and entranced until he closed with the words: " 'Let us have faith that right makes might, and in Unit faith let us, to the end, dare, do our duty as wo understand it.' " "The interest of the factory man who listened was equal, perhaps ex celled by the.gratifying surprise o the college professors when the; found that the "western oratoi could bear the test of their profes sional criticisms and compared will: the best examples of their standard textbooks. The next morning the New York dailies published hif speech in full and gave him credit for having taken New York by storm. "By his speech he had passed from an orator to the rank of statesman. Even then, it had not dawned upon Lincoln that lie might be the choice as a candidate to succeed Mr. Buchanan. In the pure devotion to the cause in which he was engaged, he failed to recognize in himself anything but an humble servant of the people reaching out to see'the right and to assist them in grasping the truth." Nominated for President. It a few months after this that Lincoln was nominated for ^resident by the republican convention at Chicago winning over the tour great leaders of the party, William H. Seward, Salmon P. ihase, Simon C. Cameron and Edward Bates. "Lincoln was not considered even T. serious candidate," Mr. Rule continued. "Mr. Seward and Mr. Chase were the leading candidates and )oth looked upon Mr. Lincoln as ncompetent, a. weakling with none of the qualifications for the su- jrcme office, and above all, particu- arly lacking in the moral force to wield t fi?'m hand such as required y the chief executive. Mr. Seward : elt himself greatly the superior of "Mr. Chase and the only candidate vho could lead the party to victory. On the otheu hand Mr. Chase looked ipon himself as the only capable candidate. Seward Is Fooled. "There were 1G5 ballots in the convention and 233 votes were necessary to a choice. Mr. Sewnrd vent into the convention with 173 votes and was so positive of the nomination that he remained on his ront lawn, whore a large company. iad assembled, awaiting the happy nomcnt when they might congratu- ate him on his nomination for resident. A cannon, loaded, stood it the gate ready to announce the nomination of Seward. "On the first ballot Mr. .Sewarii 'cceived 173',i votes, Lincoln 102 'otcs. On the second ballot Mr. Seward had 134!i votes, Lincoln 81 votes. When the telegram an- louncing this ballot reached Mr. "toward, he announced 'I shall be ominated on the next ballot.' The hircl ballot came swiftly. Mr. Sevan] had 180 votes, and Abraham .incoln 231 votes. David K. Gartter f Ohio sprang upon his chair and changed four of Ohio's votes from Chase to Lincoln. Mr. Evarts, speaking for the New York delegation, moved to make the nomination of Lincoln unanimous." Mr. Lincoln was elected by a large plurality, receiving a majority of 57 votes over all others in the electoral college, Mr. Rule said. Put Himself Aside. "As Abraham Lincoln prepared to take I he greatest office w i t h i n the gift of the people, his greatness as a man, a statesman and a diplomat began to develop and show itself in its truest light." the speaker continued. "As had never been done before by any president in the history of our country and has never been-done since, Abraham Lincoln put himself aside and looked only to the service of his country. "Mr. Lincoln showed the greatness of his character when he realized that his opposing candidates before the Wigwam convention were the leading men of the country. . . . He put aside personal prejudices and made Seward secretary of state, Chase secretary of the treasury, Cameron seerstarv of war and Bates attorney general." As he stood on the train platform ready to leave Illinois for Washington, Lincoln said: " 'My friends: No one not in my position can appreciate my feeling of sadness at this parting. To this place and to Ilic kindness of these, people I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of :i century, and have passed from a young to UH old man. Hero my children have been born and one is Imried. 1 now leave, not knowing when or whether ever I may return. . . . Without the assistance of that Divine, 'I5e- ing, Who is always w i t h us I cannot succeed. With that assistance, I cannot fail. Trusting In Him who can go with me and remain with you and he everywhere for good, let us confidently hope that all will yet lie well. To His care, commending you as I hope in your prayers yon will commend me, I 1ml yon an affectionate farewell.' ''These last words, the last time his voice was ever heard in Springfield were a benedtcition never to be forgotten by those who heard them and were an utterance almost equal to the Gettysburg address." Mr. Rule then described the trip to Washington and Lincoln's inaugural address in which he sought to impress the south of his earnest intent to. give it protection. The Mason City man spoke of the attitude of the cabinet members who considered themselves much superior to Lincoln. When the Civil wai broke upon the administration, tin president applied himself to the study of the art of war "with the result that at the close of the wai he was recognized by European military authorities as one of the great soldiers of the Civil war." Tells of Difficulties. Mr. Rule described at some length the difficulties Mr. Lincoln had with General McClellan, who considered himself the savior of the nation. Thruout his entire administration, however, Mr. Lincoln con tinned to take "from his opponent's camp men who were personally an tagonistic to him and placed their in positions of high responsibilities on account of their eminent email fications." The story of the signing of th Emancipation Proclamation, furthe insubordination among cabinet mem bers and other troubles encountere by Mr. Lincoln were then presented by Mr. Rule. When Mr. Lincoln came up for the rcnomination he was opposec by his own secretary of the treasury. Mr. Lincoln rewarded Mr ihase for this by appointing 'him chief justice of the United State.s supreme court, the speaker pointed out, concluding his address with the following: "If you will pardon the personal opinion; to me the life of this lawyer, soldier, great orator, greatest statesman and wonderful Christian character is described in that an onymous verse entitled, 'A Prayer:' " 'Let us do our work each day and if the Darkened hours of despair overcome us, May we not forget the strength that comforted us In the desolation of other times. May we Still remember the bright hours that found us Walking over the silent hills of our childhood, Or dreaming in the margin of the fpiii't river, When the light glowed within And \ve promised our early (intl to huvo Courage amid the tempests of the changing years. Span: us from (he Ijillerncss and the sharp passion Of unguarded moments. May we not forget That poverty and riehes are of · the spirit. TIio (lie world knows us not, May our t h o t s and actions be such As shall keep us friendly with ourselves. Lift our eyes from the earth and let us Not forget t h e uses of the stars, Forbid that we should judge others, lest We condemn ourselves. Let us not feel the glamor of t h e world, Jlut walk calmly in our path. Give us A few 'friends who will love us for what we are; And keep ever burning belore our vagrant steps The kindly light of hone; and (ho Age nnd I n f i r m i t y overtake us, and we Come not within sight of t h e casde of our dreams, Teach us still (o be t h a n k f u l for life, And for time's olden moments that are Good and sweet; and may I he evening twilight. Find us gentle still. 1 " lowan AVritcs I'ress Novel. Feb. 12. Ol'i-- A "The Front Pag IOWA CITY, newspaper novel, Mystery," written by Oralmm Dean. y o u t h f u l mnnaging editor of the town City Press-Cili/en, will be re- Jeasotl Feb. 20. 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