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- 3 V C R ME.'.I A , ! T O F I O W A "Â·Â·'' V E S Iowa's DAILY PAPER Edited for the Home VOL. XXXVII FIVE CENTS PER COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE 'THE NEWSPAPERTHAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS i, Masters Is Not Popular Senators as Whole Dislike Book on Lincoln. I By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N Feb. 12. ECPA)-- C o n g r e ssional comment on Edgar Lee Masters new book "Lincoln, the Man," in which the Spoon River anthologist seeks to deflate the e m a n c i p a tor, lacks the spice aÂ£ variety to tickle a jaded palate. G. O. P. criticism is mainly scornful. Pemo- cratic lawmakers quite generally ----- ___ incline to take the position of Claude G. Bowers, who, as keynoter at the 1928 Houston convention, claimed Lincoln for his own part of today. Even southern legislators acquit him of personal responsibility for the war of secession. CENATOR COLEMAN L. BLEASE Â·J of South Carolina probably will be recognized as representative of the unreconstructed era if one Is to be found at the capitol, and it is his opinion first that it is unlikely strife between the states could have been prevented in any event and second that Lincoln by himself, as president, could not have prevented it whether or not it was preventable. In principle, however, the Carolinian does Indorse any and all attacks on (Turn to rage 2, Column 1). HOOVERTOlVE RADIO ADDRESS President's Speech to Mark -r* 4 Lmeelri:*: Birthday - " , : . - Â·Â·Â·Â· -^"^^y^^^^ry^^^CTTii-.vr-*;'.^--^----, Â·" :;: .f- s ^::pbsrva!ice. ;'-'Â·Â· WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. UP)-President Hoover will mark today's observance of Lincoln's birthday with an evening radio address which is to be heard by republican organizations all over the country. Hard work was official Washington's program for the daylight hours, with some cere m o n i e s .planned by churches, patriotic organizations and schools. Congress had no special program prepared, trying instead to get on with pressing legislation. ' Has Full Schedule. The chief executive had the usual full schedule at his office. His address this evening at 10 o'clock (E. S. T.) will be delivered from the study in the white house .which the emancipator used. It is a favorite room of Mr. Hoover, who often occupies the worn leather chair in which -.Lincoln pondered the grave problems of his day. A score or more cabinet members, government officials, party leaders, senators and representatives will address local'rallies this evening In various cities, their talks 'immediately preceding the Hoover address. ' Others Will Spealc. Vice-President Curtis, Secretaries Wilbur and Doak and Administrator Hines of veterans affairs, will speak at a party gathering in the capital. Secretary Hyde was in Louisville for-his address. Assistant Attorney General Richardspn wilj speak at Toledo; executive Director Lucas of the national committee at Nashville,'Tenn.; Senator Reed at Mendville, Pa.,' and others in cities of the east, south and middle west. Original decision to give the Lincoln Day address from the white house was reached by the president because of the flood of invitations from widely scattered localities. He decided to accept them all, staying at home. MASON CITY. IOWA, THURSDAY. FEB. 1 2 T193! H O M E E D I T I O N NEWS SUPPLEMENTAL, SERVICE . 109 Pope Gives Apostolic Blessing to World by Radio MILLIONS HEAR HIS MESSAGE OF PEACE TO EARTH Pontiff Smiles as He Broadcasts Like Veteran. , V ATICAN CITY, Feb. 12. (^Pi- Pope Pius XI, broadcasting twice within an Hour and a half today, sent the voice of the Vatican around the world for th'e first time in the history of the Catholic church. From the new Vatican City radio station he spoke to his congregation and his prelates in all parts of the world. Half an hour later at the pontifical academy of science, he spoke again. Both addresses were carried across the seas, the first in Latin and the second in Italian. Smiling and tranquil as tho he were a veteran of radio broadcast- ng, 'he spoke over HVJ, the new Vatican City radio station built for lim by Gugliclmo Marconi and inaugurated in celebration of the ninth anniversary of his coronation as Pope Pius XI. Gives Blessing. i There followed in German, Polish, Spanish and English a station announcement telling listeners the pope had given "his apostolic -blessing to Rome and to the whole world--to the rich, .to,'the poor, to the-workers*and'Â·eifiplcfyers;'; to- the; well and the ''suf fleringl 1 ,' . Â· : - Â·. Senator Marconi, introducing the pontiff, spoke briefly before the ad dress for which men and women were listening in far distant cities of the world. Inaugurates Station. "It is my great honor," he said "to announce that within a few mo raents his holiness Pius XI will in- TEXT ON PAGE 4 The full text of the radio address of Pope Pius XI will be found on page 4. augurate the radio station of the state of Vatican City. "This is the first time in history that the living voice of the pope will have been heard simultaneously in all parts of the globe." Turning to the pope, his friend of long standing, he said: "Holy father, I consign to your holiness the work entrusted to me. Be pleased, I pray you, to let your voice be heard across the world." WORLD LISTENS AUNT NET By Robert Quillen "I don't say rve oeen a perfect wife an' mother, but I never tried to pacify a hungry male with peanut butter sandwiches." NEW YORK, Feb. 12. (.TP)--Pope Pius XI spoke over the air today tlw words which opened the radio station of the Vatican city, and the world. listened. His voice was heard from HVJ at 9:52:45 (C. S. T.). .The .pope . entered, the building housing the new Vatican city radio station at 4:30 p. m. (9:30 C. S. .T.i 'to make , the first broadcast ever made by a pope. Crisply and clearly the voice of the supreme pontiff of the Catholic church came over the air, making an epochal occasion in the history i( radio and of -the Catholic church. The pope spoke In Latin, and despite an occasional interference his (Turn to I'ngR 2, Column n). ILLINOIS FINDS FINANCIER GONE Man Who Paid Investors 50 Per Cent Interest Has Their Faith. BELVIDERE, III., Feb. 12. /p-The whereabouts of Albert W. Benham, "financial wizard" who was reputed to have paid investors as high as 50 per cent, was a mystery today. Benham announced Tuesday that he xvas "broke." Alexander Strom, state's attorney, said that about 200 of Benham's investors held a meeting last night and said they had faith in him. "They begged me to give him a couple more days before taking notion," he said, "and I promised that I would. However, I will say that the grand Jury Is going to be recalled in n few flays .and that indictments will be asked.". Older lowans Can Say They KnewLincoln Great Man's Birthday Brings Back Old Memories. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Prom many lowans, the birthday anniversary of Abraham Lincoln holds much more than school book stories of the great emancipator. While in schools and meeting places thruout Iowa, tribute was being paid to Lincoln, the older residents cherished personal memories of the man, gained in personal contact with him while children. Thru the 70 years since childhood, Mrs. S. F. Gasson, who lives near Red Oak, and Mrs. Louisa A. Conger of Des Moines have retained a vivid recollection of the Douglas-Lincoln debate on slavery held in Illinois in 1858. ' Heads Abe's Note. Danny Winget, Clinton, Thursday read and re-read, as he has many times before, a yellowed slip of paper on which Lincoln had written a jesting threat to spank Danny, who as a 14 year old drummer boy wanted to be on the firing line, and went to Washington, against orders. In Mount Pleasant, students and teachers at Iowa Wesleyan were told. that Lincoln had called the sixth president of Iowa. Wesleyan, James E. Harlan, to a cabinet post and that Robert Lincoln .had chosen Mary Hurl an'for his bride. "Denounces Writer..'.Â·Â·" '"".'Â· Mrs. Conger today reaffirmed her denunciation of the Illinois writer who termed Lincoln lazy, dishonest and slovenly. She recalled her presence at the Douglas-Lincoln debate --She was 17 then--to corroborate her statement that Lincoln wore "a beautiful expression on his homely face," his clarity of speech, and the honesty of his convictions. Mrs. Gasson, who came to Iowa in a covered wagon from Carthage, HI., said this about the historic debate: "I supposed that they (Lincoln and Douglas) were angry at each other, and then after the debate I saw them arm in arm walking along the street." REMINISCENT OF LINCOLN Iowa Congregational Pastors Vote Against Compulsory Training GRINNELL, Feb. 12. #)--Moro than 100 Congregational ministers attending the annual fellowship conference here adopted a resolution favoring optional rather than the present compulsory military training at the University of Iowa and Iowa State college. HOOVER NAMES HARRY M. REED Waterloo Man Nominated for North Iowa's U. S. Attorney. WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. /f)-- ^resident Hoover today nominated rlarry M. Reed, Waterloo, to be United States attorney for the northern district of Iowa. Lender in Legion. WATERLOO, Feb. 12. (/!)--Harry . Reed, nominated today as United States attorney for the northern district of Iowa, has been one of the leaders in American Legion work in Iowa for several years. He now is serving his second .Â·ear as state chairman of the committee on community service in vhich last year he reported that more than 300 of the posts in the tate have done one or more bits of onstructive work for their communities. The/ showing is said by owa. Legion officials to have been one of the best in the nation and to have brot Reed into prominence in national legion affairs. Outstanding Speaker. Frequently mentioned as a candidate for commander of the Iowa department, Reed has consistently refused to push his candidacy. LegJon officials say he Is one of the outstanding speakers in the organization, of which he formerly was state vice commander. As an attorney here. Reed has taken an active part in civic work. He is a member of the Lions club. the interesting photo, top/is the only one-ever taken of one of the nation-wide series of indignation meetings, culled to protest and K r!ovp over the assassination of President Lincoln. It: WHS mndo v a Civil war artist who took tho picture from the window of his studio across the street from Courthouse square, Bloomiugtoii, I I I . .lurlnn- the meeting on April 13, 18G5. The photo now hangs in the Blnomiugton library. Below, a buggy in which Lincoln used to drive to the various counties, during his race for congress, in 1858. It wus Dullt In 1828 pnd is remarkably well preserved. AMENDMENT TO U BY STATE Bill to Permit Court Amendment Test Approved. r\ES MOINES, Feb. 12. OP)--The i-* house of representatives today adopted by a vote of 98 to 0 the senate amendment to its resolution calling for an investigation of the University of Iowa administration. The action was taken without debate on motion of Representative Byron G. Allen of Pocahontas county, chairman of the educational institutions committee. Allen said that the committee considered the amendments informally yesterday and decided that they strengthened the resolution. "The only point on which there has been much discussion," he said, Â·'is the provision that the state employ an attorney for the board of education, altho this Is an innovation In a matter of this kind, the house committee has no great objection to its inclusion. We believe that the attorney would have an attitude oE helpfulness toward speed- Ing up the investigation. Â· Foolish to Delay. "There has been, a great deal ol delay in considering this Investigation on the ' part- nf-'-a. determined minority in the senate. I believe it would be foolhardy for the house to quibble over the details of the resolution." The resolution as approved by both houses provides for the appointment of a committee of three representatives and three senators by the respective presiding officers, ROGERS * FOREST CITY, Ark., Fob 12 -Along with all the other things! wanted down in this country I found in Fort Smith, Ark., a rather unique case. A little circus is stranded there. Its got an elephant, and a lot of animals. The town is feeding tho circus people, but this elephant ana these lions and tigers and all arc about to eat the whole town out of funds. This elephant alone has cat up their budget. They ^wanted them to sell 'em. They put 'em up and nobody would buy 'em. Now come on you folks and send some money to Fort Smith, Ark. Lots of folks can't seem to get excited over humans' hungry. Maybe they can over wild animals. This elephant hasn't seen a peanut since last summer. There is no fund but we will create one. Send if to the mayor, and we will call it the stranded circus fund." Yours, MM He SNOWDEN SPEECH UPSETS ENGLAND "Drastic Measures" Called Necessary, to Maintain Budget. LONDON, Feb. 12. (,T)_A large question mark was written across Britain's immediate economic f u t u r e today as businessman and politician alike asked what Philip Snowden referred to in the commons yesterday when he spoke . of impending drastic and disagreeable measures" to maintain the budget. Prime Minister . MacDonald triumphant by a. 75 vote majority in repulsing a conservative motion of censure on a count of extravagance turned to face grave differences in his own party growing out of the chancellor's speech. The comment was heard in the lobbies that he had won "worse than a pyrrhic victory." Increased death duties, an in- increased supertax, delayed application of some measures involving large expenditures \vhich have passed the house but have not yet been finally enacted, and reduction of interest on government loans were some of measures which popular speculation credited Snowden with planning. British Seek Accord of France and Italy Upon Naval Question WASHINGTON,.Feb. 12. UP--Official advices to the state department today from American diplomatic representatives in Europe said British efforts to facilitate a Franco-Italian naval accord were continuing. Press dispatches telling of a collapse of the British efforts were described by Secretary Stlmson as contrary to official messages to him. The United States and Japan still are interested'in discovering a basis for a Franco-Italian accord and have not ceased attempts in that direction. HOUSE OF JUDGE LYLE IS GUARDED Uniformed Police Will Not Let Anyone Bomb His Home. CHICAGO, Feb. 12. /P)_The home of Judge John H. Lyle, who is one of . the candidates opposing Mayor William Hale Thompson for the republican mayoralty nomination, was under a police guard last night. He found two uniformed policemen m front of his home when he returned from two campaign meetings. In reply to his questions they said they did not know who had given the orders for the guard. But the Chicago Herald and Examiner quoted one of the policemen as saying "we won't let anyone bomb your house." There have been several bombings in Chicago recently. The third and fourth of this week occurred last night. One of them, placed near the warehouse of the Jackson Storage and Can company on the west side, shattered hundreds of windows, but no one was hurt. The other damaged a fortune telling establishment on the south side. A. L RULE SPEAKS The text of the address on Lincoln, delivered in the Iowa legislature by former Senator A. L. Rtile, Mason City, will be found on page 5, the committee is to inquire into charges of maladministration by officials of the university. The resolution mentions no specific charges, the senate having struck out a list of 20 accusations. The committee is given power to subpoena witnesses and records and is directed to report at this session oÂ£ the general assembly. Hearings will be open to the public. Asks Spftccly Approval. A bill to provide sufficient funds for carrying on the investigation already had been Introduced In the house and Allen requested that speedy approval be given of the measure. The house by a vote of 79 to C passed the Stiger-Mayne-IBrown bill (Turn (n 1'QRO 2, Column f.. Spencer Youth to Be Arraigned Saturday ANN ARBOR, Mich., Feb 12. (.V) --Arraignment Saturday in circuit court was expected in the case of Orie E. Brown of Spencer, Iowa, 23 year old law student at the University of Michigan, on charges of possessing liquor for sale. 3,000 Chinese Miners Rescued After Blast MUKDEN, Manchuria, Feb. 12. ''TV-Japanese officials at the Fus- hung mines near here announced today that 3,000 miners, who were entombed following a gas explosion Sunday, had been saved. Earlier reports indicated fear of a heavy Joss of life. MONEY TAKEN IN Nye Committee Not Decided on Whether to Carry on Probe. WASHINGTON, ,Feb. 12. (/Pi- A f t e r eliciting from witnesses that some of the funds deposited to the credit of the Virginia anti-Smith committee in 1928 were transferred to the personal account of Bishop Cannon, Jr., the senate campaign funds committee today remained undecided whether further hearings would be held. The Nye group, which is investigating political activities of the Southern Methodist prohibition leader, yesterday questioned a number of bankers. It was acting upon complaints filed by Representative Tinkham, republican, Massachusetts, that Cannon violated the corrupt practices act thru failure to report expenditures of funds contributed to the campaign against the democratic presidential noit- inee. The bishop came to the hearing in a. wheel chair, still crippled by arthritis from which he has been suffering for some time. At the outset a. letter from him xvas read asking permission to file, as soon as his health allowed, a sworn statement to prove no "criminal or dishonorable act" had been committed. Chairman Nye granted the request. Daring Holdup of Mail Truck Nets Worthless Loot Â· WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. Upi--A daring holdup of a mail truck carrying registered pouches in the Union station here early this morning was announced by postal officials today as netting the robbers nothing but mutilated currency. The sacks, stolen after a mail clerk had been beaten with a leact pipe, contained only old bills cut in half for shipment to the treasury department. Police and government operatives were at work In many portions of the capital and watching the outskirts in an attempt to apprehend the holdup men. The treasury department said the other halves of the mutilated bills had been received here in a previous shipment. The robbery occurred between 2 and 3 a. m. in the union station concourse. Peter Johnson, in charge of 28 sacks of registered mail being shipped from the federal reserve bank in New York to the treasury, was the mail clerk bludgeoned by .ho robbers. Treasury officials called the loot "gold brick"--saying it was made up of only parts of bills which once had a value of ?807,000. HYDE SAYS BILL Aged Woman May Die of Beating Given by Robbers for 26 Cents CHICAGO, Feb. 12. (/PI--Robbers beat Mrs. Frances Linkowski, 76, so severely to obtain 26 cents loot, that she may die. The woman, a grandmother, was on her way to a movie theater last night when the robbers ran up from behind and grabbed her purse. When she resisted, they began beating her. OCEAN TRAGEDY GALLED SUICIDE Canadian Millionaire Is Believed to Have Leaped to His Death. CHERBOURG, France, Feb. 12. ^F*--James Cooper, Canadian m i l - lionaire who fell or jumped from of! the liner Deutschland Sunday, in the opinion of the captain, purser and passengers, was a suicide. Upon arrival of the ship here today they said that at the beginning- on the voyage he seemed quite calm but later became agitated and distraught. He went to the promenade deck alone SuncTay afternoon, and while no one saw him actually j u m p over the rail the engineer, looking from a porthole, saw him fall into tho water. The ship was hove to and a life- buoy thrown out hut Cooper had disappeared in the choppy son. Nothing was found in his cabin or bajr- trage which would Indicate a motive tor his act. ON NECESSITIES Senator Robinson Calls on Congress to Pass Measure. WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. (.T_sec- 'Â» rotary Hyde today informed the senate there is no prohibition in the drought relief compromise against using- the loans for the purchase of food and .clothing by farmers "if necessary to effect the purpose oÂ£ Cr ,Â° P , P ro . chlction and agricultural rehabilitation." The agriculture secretary's telegram from Louisville was In. response to the Borah resolution ask- n'JI interpretation of the ?20000,000 drought loan fund compromise, nearing a, vote in the senate. A while before Vice President Curtis had the Hyde message read Democratic Leader Robinson had declared congress could be charged with inefficiency if it failed to pass the remedial measure. He was replying- to attacks on the compromises rrom within his own party ranks. Semite Attentive. An attentive senate heard the agnc-ulture secretary's interpretation, a quorum call having brot many absentees to the floor. The Hyde statement began with an assertion that the proposed funds were not Intended for the purchase of food and clothing. A now veterans proposal, de-1 scribed try minority leader'.Garner na..an. "agmJiUs^ratioijjsuggestion," to lend 40 per dent' o n f n e face values of certificates was put before, the house ways and means committee. Among senate committees, hearings on postoffice leases and Bishop James Cannon's activities had subsided temporarily but the inquiry into the oil shale situation in the west resumed before the senate public lands committee. Secretary Wilbur denied charges by Ralph S. Kelley, former field agent o f - t h e general land office, of maladministration. Proposes One Blore. Senator Norn's, republican, Nebraska, proposed still another investigation in asking an inquiry into the cement industry. The house ways and means committee narrowed veterans relief proposals to plans to Increase the loan value of adjusted certificates anil iccessed without action. A vote was expected, however, before the day was over. The house foreign affairs committee approved the senate bill for a 550,000 appropriation for entertainment of French veterans of the World war on their visit here during the George Washington bicentennial celebration. The house irrigation committee approved n senate bill to add ?S,000,000 to the reclamation fund. Red Cross Relief Fund Total Now $7,716,000 WASHINGTON, Feb. 12. UP)-The Red Cross campaign for a $10,000,000 fund for drought relief had reached a total of $7,716,000 today. IOWA WEATHER Unsettled Thursday night tinil Frldiiy. Probably HIIOVV or rain oxcfint In the nnrlInvest portion Friday. S o m i ; w li a t colder Thursday nlghl. except) In (he Â«.vtreinc, cast portion. Colder Friday in the cast, and central portions. LOCAL STATISTICS Globe-Gazette weather figure.1 for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Wednesday 47 M i n i m u m In Nighl, 33 At 8 A. M. Thursday 31 Precipitation .05 of an Inch Sleet falling Wednesday night left a slippery covering- on Mason City'.T streets and sidewalks. It vanished in the forenoon, however, under the influence of a temperature considerably above the freezing point. Â·*L~Â«,.'-,-.