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irettes Convicted on Too Limited Testimony rpHERE'S something less than pride -^- among scientists these days over the conviction of cigarettes as the culprit that causes lung cancer. It's as if a judge took the case away from a jury in the middle of a trial and directed a verdict against the defendant accused of murder. If that should happen in our courts, of Â· course, it, would be because of such an overwhelming weight of evidence as to m.ake further testimony unnecessary. Â·Â·Â· And that's the point of departure from the parallel. There has been no such weight of evidence so far as cigarette complicity in lung cancer is concerned. . The verdict has been turned in--so far at least as practical effect is concerned--Â· at the mid-way point of what should be an extended research project. A MONG those in best position to judge -^--the American Cancer Society, for example--there are at least two other culprits equally suspect in this field. One of these is the soot that comes from our industrial smoke; the other is the carbon monoxide poison produced by fuel fumes from motor vehicles. Very much the same sort of case can be built against these two as has been built against cigarettes in explanation of the marked increase of lung cancer in male adults. Here's a significant excerpt from a recent United States Daily News interview with Dr. E. Cuyler Hammond, director of Statistical Research for the American Cancer Society: Q. Does smoking really cause lung cancer, Dr, Hammond? A. That's Just what we are trying to find out. There is some evidence that it may be so. For example, material collected from cigarette smoke will produce cancer on the skin of a susceptible mouse if you keep up the experiment long enough. That's an important piece of information. But taken alone it doesn't prove a thing about the occurrence of lung cancer in human beings. It has fo b* weighed together with other evidence and we arc still collecting information." TN their anxiety to unlock the key to the' Â·*- mystery which is cancer, scientists are under a pull ,to grab at straws. Dr. Hammond in that same; interview offered this significant point of view: "Lung cancer is going up. So the hope is that we will find-the cause. 1 wifl be very disappoint- Â· d i f we -don't find a cause which is removable one way.or another. , ^Personally, 1 don't care.if it's something from an automobile engine which could be altered, or whether it's soot which could be controlled, or whether it's smoking, in which case you can either advise people not to smoke or take the active ingredient out of cigarettes." And it's significant that Dr. Hammond was smoking a cigarette all the while he was giving out the interview which ended with this observation: "If smoking is the principal factor in the causation of lung cancer, our. studies will certainly show it. We do not know yet." A Matter of Fairness rpHOSE who in their intemperate criti- -*- cism of former President Harry Truman infer, or openly 'charge, that he was personally over friendly toward Communism are passing lightly over quite a few contradictory historical facts. One of these is the Truman Doctrine under which Communism was stopped cold in Greece. One is the "Marshall Plan under which Communism was stopped cold in Western Europe. One is the Berlin airlift which convinced the Germans that we were playing for keeps. One is the so-called "police action" under which Communism was stopped cold in Korea. You may argue that each of these ventures was ill-advised. But you have to admit that each of these moves was executed at the instigation of Harry Truman. It can be contended that each of these Ventures was ill-advised. It can be contended that Mr. Truman was non-discriminating in his choice of left-wing friends and advisers. But it cannot be contended with even a semblance of logic that they would be undertaken by one who was sympathetic with Communism. That must be observed in common fairness. It's Brotherhood Week rtTH E spiritual essence of Brotherhood , Â·*Â· week grows' out of the common kinship of man under God. It is hoped that eventually tjie ideal of brotherhood will provide the basis for inutuarrespect between men and nations, and for universal peace. ''LET'S TRADE/ 7 SAID THE SPIDER ly Buescher IT'S BEEN SAID: Oh,', what, a glory doth this world put on, for him who with a fervent heart goes forth under the bright and glorious sky, and looks on duties well performed, and days well spent.--Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. A Philadelphia hotel presents a new approach to the coffee problem by giving its customers a nickel if they won't order a cup of that beverage. At this time of year, as a contemporary observes, the ice that wasn't thin takes the place of the gun that wasn't loaded. More perhaps than any other man who ever lived, Thomas A. Edison knew how to open the horn of plenty for humanity. A girl's admiration of the man who stands on his own two feet is never more pronounced than on the dance floor. Malenkov would no doubt like to trade problems with us. We have too much food; he has too much hunger. You can still make money betting 'that the darned thing won't light the first time. Memo to Motorists: Never assume that the driver behind can read your mind! Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Another Setback for Farmers Algona Upper DCS Moines: Announcement that the parity support for dairy products would be cut from 90 per cent to 75 per cent is only going to bring about one thing--lower income for dairy- "ir-n. If butter drops G or 8 cents a pound, as Secretary Benson says it will, we will watch with interest to see what effect that has on butter sales. Freedom's Champion Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: History has shown many tipies that with brave, alert and inspiring leadership the cause of freedom will not lose its way. But leadership is always essential, and now that our own great strength has given the task to us, we must not fear to assume it. Guessed Wrong Before Primghar Bell: While we may be heading into rough times, it is well to remember the economists have been forecasting a recession every year for the last three years now, having been wrong twice, and may not have the answer this time. Not Stampeded Into Recession Sheffield Press: It is reassuring that the government and most of our citizens are not being stampeded into creating an emergency to scare the ghost out of the closet. A ghost that does not exist. Driving Training--A Required Subject- Eagle Grove Eagle: There will, we think, be rather universal approval of the decision by Mason City's school authorities that safety education, including driver training, be required of every student as a pre-requisite to high school graduation. War When Russia Is Prepared Albert Lea Tribune: Indications now are that the world won't be fumbled into war, but'will/go to war when Russia is prepared and her despots feel they have a good chance of winning such a war. You Just Have to Trade Â· Austin Herald: Sweden, arch-foe of Red Russia, has accepted the reality that trade with Russia was inevitable. It's a 100 to 1 shot that the Swedes are just as unhappy about it as we Americans. Uniquely American Kanawha Reporter: One fellow says this is the only country in the world where a man can ride in his own car to the courthouse to collect his unemployment compensation check. Editorial of the Day TRACTOR FOR E V E R Y 1.3 FARMS T AKE MILLS GRAPHIC: Towa ranks foremost Â· LJ among states not only as a producer but also as.a market for farm machinery, with a greater number of tractors than there are f a r m s in our state. . According to Hie annual farm census for 1952, published by the Iowa Department of Agriculture, there were 260,286 tractors in operation on the state's 197,741 farms during that year. Iowa has consistently led the nation in the number of tractors on f a r m s , with steady increases shown in the totals of 20,270 in 1920, 37,230 in 1925, GG.258 in 1930, 128,516 in 1940, 181,040 in 1045, and 240,941 in 1950. In 1950, the number of tractors on Iowa farms constituted over 6 per cent o f , t h e U.S. total of 3,G09,281 tractors. Illinois ranked second, with 234,789 tractors during the same period, with Texas third having 232,328 tractors. Remember? 10 Y E A R S AGO A new nil-time high in Christmas Seal sales was announced at the annual meeting of the Cerro Gorclo County Tuberculosis Association 5ast evening. The 1942 sales totaled $3,730.54, it was reported. Dr. V. E. Wicks was re-elected president by the association at the meeting held in the English Hoom of the Green Mill. 20 Y E A R S AGO Miss Maymc Folcy, 310 Pennsylvania S. E., announced today she was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for county recorder of Ccrro Gordo County. Miss Foley, who has been a resident oE this community her entire life, took a course in filing and record work in the Chicago School of Filing and Indexing and since then she has held occupations connected with this type of work. 30 Y E A R S AGO E. S. Selby, treasurer of Jacob E. Decker and Sons, who had charge of the $40,000 Community Chest drive for Mason City last fall, was elected president of the Mason City Chamber of Commerce at a meeting of the board of directors yesterday. Howard D. Reynolds, the retiring- president, was elected first vice president and chairman of the executive committee of the chamber. 40 Y E A R S AGO Besides erecting a fine new depot this spring the Great Western will'make expensive improvements in the 'yards and will install some other new features. The depot will be b'uilt on the site of the present building and in order to keep the tracks near the depot as clear as possible six or seven new tracks will be laid out by the roundhouse for use in switching. Observing To Your Health! Roving Reporter TREATING PAINFUL EMOTIONS By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. *; TpMOTIONAL conflicts are often harder -L/ to bear and harder to cure than many purely physical -ailments. An obstacle in achieving emotional maturity is the fact that nearly every Individual suiters from some form of persistent emotional disturbance at some time or another. These are known medically as painful emotions, and persons suffering from these disturbances are almost constantly seeking satisfactory ways of treating their pain. A person may develop various types of bodily reactions to satisfy or compensate for the mental conflicts that exist within himself. These are conflicts between what he wants to do, and what he feels he ought to do. This often is a problem of huge proportions for the patient. Emotional pain can be just as severe as physical pain to the 'person who has it,"and even DR. BUNDESEN moi . e alarming because the individual cannot always'deal with it. Some persons react to their emotional conflicts by developing an anxiety or a tendency toward excessive worry. They may have a generalized uneasiness of the body. Other people develop fear reactions in which they greatly fear certain situations. Others, because of persistent self-doubt, follow certain ritualistic behaviors. Good examples of this.are the people who constantly carry out the same type of action day after day, because it suits their personality best. Other people become greatly depressed because ot conflicts and sink into a shell in which they may remain for years. Recently, certain psychiatrists'have used, with some success, an inhalation treatment with a mixture of carbon dioxide and oxygen for the patient who suffers from this type of neurosis. Talking over the problems with the physician or psychiatrist, along with the mixture of carbon dioxide and oxygen procedure, is advocated in order that some form of permanent cure may be effective. Â· Treatments with this gas are given three times weekly at the start, and may have to be continued for many months. It is a relatively harmless process and frequently helps the patient with mental and emotional conflicts to resolve his difficulty. QUESTION- AND ANSWER Mrs. A. K.: I have a (toller wllh an irregular heart l i c a t anil have been told I am hyperthyrolrf. I am lalclnff dru E s thai cut dnurn my thyroid a c t i v i t y . Is there any other treatment a v a i l a b l e ? Answer: Yes, certain cases of hrpcrlhrroldlsm or tnxlo ffolier are 'now being treated with great success by means of radioactive Iodine. THEY'LL DO IT EVERY TIME BIG DILEMMA By Saul Pert ( f o r Hal Boyle) N EW YORK W--I have a problem which is as perplexing and much more annoying than the question of which came first, the chicken or the egg. This problem, of course, is one many people have had to deal with and, I suppose, many survived'it."But I'll bet all of them were just as uneasy as I am since it defies logic, challenges faith and would split the orthicon tubes of the latest IBM electronic calculator. It's simply this. I want to sell my house. I want to buy another house. Which do I do first ? ' I want to sell my house for as much as the traffic will bear--a healthy, normal American trait--and at the same'time buy a good, solid, charming, comfortable house for as little as I can get away with--another healthy, normal American trait. And in the whole transaction, I want to sell and buy without having to add any cash, or let's say, not much cash --still another H.N.A.T. There's nothing wrong with our house. But we need more space and my wife thinks she would prefer another town she has m mind. We're willing to 'take an older house for more space but not for more cash, or let's say, not much more cash, you understand. Please-do; it's important. But how do I know how'much we can afford on the next house until we know how much we're going to get for our house? This, of course, has always been a perplexing problem. It's not just the money. The question of liming is tantalizing..How can I tell the owner of the house I might buy, whoever or wherever'he is- when I can take title until I know when the new owner of my house, whoever and wherever he is can take over my house? ' Do I tell the first fellow, look, I don't know exactly when I can move in but if you'll just hold your breath, I'll race right back, put my house on the market and after a few weeks or months 111 be able to let you know when I'll want your house so that you can then know when you'll be able to occupy the house or apartment or jail you're planning your next move to, can I do that huh? "Above all, don't put yourself in the position of where you have to sell," an experienced friend tells me. "You'll take a licking." "Ahove alt, don't put yourself in the position of where you have to buy," another experienced friend tells me. "You'll pay through the nose for the next one." By Jimmfe Ratio ITTOOKHIA\ IF THE WORK'S ALL THE STAFF GETS DFP-EARl-.y ON HOT DAYS, COL-D DAYS, DOS DAYS AND QUITE A FEW OTHER DAYS- CLEANED UP. YOU Ti-1 AWKS, tt TO /MAKE UP CAN SCRAM -. AMD SUPPER MONEY BOYS-THIS WORK HAS TD 6O OUT BUTT GOT TO /MEET/W WIRE/ A HALF-HOUR WELCOMES TWE DAY THlE BOSS ASKS TMEM TO ' STAY A LITTLE UH-'WHAT ABOUT OVERTIME More "Scotland Yard" had occasion tho other day to refer to Scotland Yard in connection with an item about the British police practice of carrying "truncheons--n' i g h t sticks--rather than guns. A little more on that subject might be interesting. Scotland yard, of course, is merely the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police of London. Technically its jurisdiction is limited to the 73't square miles of greater London minus one square mile in the middle protected by Â· tho so- called "City of London Police," the Lord Mayor's men. If ,. serious crime occurs elsewhere in England, however, the local constable can call for help from Scotland Yard. A "Flying Squad" is always ready. H such assistance is requested within 24 hours, it's free; otherwise the local government has to foot the bill. By simply dialing 999, Londoners can be connected directly to Scotland Yard's Information Room. Within three minutes, on the average, a "Sweeney"--radio patrol car--will bo at the scene. Scotland Yard's total force of approximately 16,000 men, including about 1,400 C.I.B. detectives, closely matches the New York Police De pa r tment . Its backbone is the dignified, courteous "P.C.," or bobby. His uniform remains much the same as it was in Sir Robert Peel's time. The m a i n change is his distinctive rounded helmet It took the place of an earlier and even taller beaver tophat. Along Scotland Yard's passages, offices with coal-burning fireplaces and the famous "Black Museum" hold memories of Britain's worst criminals. Jack/the Hipper, wife- slaying Dr. Cfippen, and the "Charing Cross Trunk Murderer" are only a few. Around the museum's walls hang death masks of men executed for their crimes. Information, Please! 1. During whose reign did Henry John Temple, Viscount Palmerston, serve as England's prime minister? 2. What is "civil liberty?" 3. What is the n a m e of the union to which American actors and actresses belong? 4. What play has for its sub-title "The Moore of Venice"? 5. What is Stromboli? ANSWERS--1. Queen Victoria's. 2. Exemption from arbitrary government interference with person, .opinion or property.' 3. Actors' Equity Association. 4. "Othello," by Shakespeare. 5. An active Italian volcano. A Heel at the Wheel discover a growing num- ! ber of authorities agreeing that "a heel at the wheel is a heel everywhere else." Some of them of course, don't state it exactly 'that way. Take Alan Canty, head of the psychopathic clinic run by one of the t r a f f i c courts in Detroit. Ho puts the same idea in these words: "The chronic violator is a social problem child. His t r a f f i c misbehavior is but a symptom of his personality maladjustment. "The same factors which cause marital unhappiness, divorce and separations, frequent job changes, economic distress and unhealthy recreational activities contribute to his contempt /or social and legal conventions as exemplified by his cronic defiance of traffic laws. "If automobiles had never been invented," the traffic clinic expert concluded, "most of our violation- prone drivers woufd still be recognizable as problem children in our society." To THE UNITED HOME BANK AND TRUST COMPANY--for sponsoring a meeting at which farmers were given an .opportunity to hear the discussion of agricultural problems from acknowledged leaders. At a time when important decisions' arc to be made in the government program for agriculture, this panel discussion was particularly appropriate. Did You Know? OF THE HATU3 MAT YD HARRY AUDSVD LIGHT/MAN, Â· 6OS.KWGMAN f?D., * N.O. The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE; Readers lining Iht) , Â· e r v l c e for questions of (act--not cotiit- Â«el--shnulii sign tall name and adilreai and Incloie 3 cenlj fnr return poitaitn. Adclrejj The JUjon Clly Glnbe-Gaiette Information Dureau, IMO Ero Street N.E., Washington B. D.C. i What are the best selling titles in paper-covered books? Ca Id well's "God's Little Acre" (over G million copies), "The Pocket Book of Baby and Child Care", (over 5 million), Mickey k Spillane's "The Big Kill (4'/2 million), and the Merriam-Webster Pocket Dictionary (4/i million). How large is tho debt of New York City? The gross debt amounted to almost $3'/2 billion in mid- 1953, equivalent to $308 for every person living in the city. Why are women generally more successful than men in teaching a parakeet to talk? Because the birds apparently find it easier to i imitate a high-pitched voice. What is the oldest existing capital city in the Western Hemisphere founded by white men? The capital of the Dominican Republic, Ciudad Trujillo. The city was founded in 1496 and formerly was called Santo Domingo. About how much did it cost, in our money, to send Columbus' expedition to America? Estimates have varied, but the total cost was probably about $7,000. Columbus was paid at the rate of $300 a year and members of the' crew $2.50 a month. Pood probably cost 4c to 5c a day for each man, What occupations are rated as the most dangerous to life and limb? Authorities differ to some extent about this, but a new classification of the relative dangers oÂ£ 2,000 different kinds of occupations names among the most dangerous of all dynamiting, motorcycle riding, and polo playing. With the'care that is now given to premature babies, do the majority of them survive? Nino out of 10 "prcemies" now have a chance to survive, according to health authorities, but because their organs, particularly the lungs, are not fully developed, they often have a difficult fight. What is the estimated bis of water by the year from one drip, ping faucet? The tiniest leak represents, a loss of about 62,000 gallons a year, according to an estimate by n city water, department In New York City the loss of water from leaky faucets is believed to be something like 3G billion gallons a year; f'*Â»" Weritify the priBaniiation that I* generally referred to as AAAA. This r.is'lhc- American Association of Advertising Agencies, Â« national organization which dales back to 3917. Today's Birthday B E T T Y MUTTON, born Feb. 26, 1921, as Betty Jane Thornburg in Battle Creek, Mich., daughter of a railroad brakeman. Effervescent singer and movie actress, she began her c a r e e r a s a vocalist w i t h Vincent Lopez orchestra. Her sister, Marian, ) w a s featured J singer with late BETTY HUTTOM first film, "The Fleet's In," made her an immediate success. Other pictures have been, "Annie Get Your Gun," "Incendiary Blonde" and "Greatest Show on Earth." Whaf is the scientific term for excessive fear of the number 13? It is.triskaidckaphobia, What, makes the leaves of treei rose their green color in the f a l l ? When the roots slow down in supplying water and minerals t o ' t h e tree, the green chlorophyll ceases to be dominant and red, yellow or orange pigments in the leaves have n chance to show up. When was chinchilla breeding started in this country? The first chinchillas to survive the trip from South America arrived in San Pedro, Calif., in 1923. In this pioneer group were seven males and four females. Today" their descendants are numbered in hundreds of thousands, and are to be found in every state Jn the country. Mason City Globe-Gazette A LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Dny by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY J2M23 E. State St. Telephone 3800 Entered ns second class rnnttnr Anrii 12. IB30..Â«t tho Poilofflce at RtSwi CUy Iowa, under tho act ol March 3, 1879. I,EE P. L O O M I S . XV. E A R I , H A M . . KNocn , TIIOK J . J K N S E N Â· - - Â« . . . . . . r - i i w Fiiit*.* LLOYD' Â· Â«Â·".-- - - Y"J timor It. N. Friday February 26, 1954 cxclSl^P" ASSOCIATED PKESS which H exclusively entitled to use (or repuhllcntton as WPII ,! l ,H l iÂ°'?f, prlRlctl ln '""newspaper Â«s well as nil ,\p n ew* dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES Â» J,Â°, m Â° Edl " on Dc "vercd by Â·Carrier i^ck'::::;::::"'-'----'-''-"--Â«i8?2 Edlllon t by Carrier Â· - . - . Â»15.60 0uUld tt,M r ," sol L c '"" y am! Cl"" Lak* But . Within 100 Mile, of M.son city By mall l yodr ..... Â·. , tin nn By mall a months , . .; ."g!5 OutsldÂ« 100 Mile Zoria"" i yenr , , , , , . , . , . , . . , . , ; , ..