The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 17, 1936 · Page 4
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February 17, 1936

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Monday, February 17, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NKWSPAI'EB Issued Every week JDay by the MASON OH'* GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-133 East stalo Street Telephone No. 380 JCJSMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS which In exclusively tntltlei to the use lor publication of all news dispatches credited to It o not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news. MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with De Molucs news and business offices at 405 Shops Building. LEE P. LOOM3S W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLCYD L. GEER Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mnson Cily ami Clear Lake, Mason city and clear LaUe. by tho year J7.00 by tbe week f .15 OUTSIDE MASON C1TI AKD CLEAK LAKE Per year by carrier 57.W By man 6 months 52.25 Per tt-eek by carrier s .15 By mall 3 months . $1.25 Per year by mall $4.00 By mail 1 month ... 5 .50 OUTSIDE 100 MU,E ZONE Per year J6.00 six months. 53.25 Three month*...51.75 WISHING ISN'T ENOUGH ALTHOUGH failing for the second time to arouse ·**· the attention of congress, advocates of the Townsend old age revolving pension continue to carry on, painting glowing pictures of the Utopia that all persons of 60 years or more will pass into with the adoption of their plan. They talk of the automobiles that will be bought, of the long deferred trips that will be taken aid other long pent up wants that will then be realized. They even go further than that. They tell us the increased buying By the old folks, made possible by this increased income, will cause such a business spurt that the remainder °f society will share in the benefits in spite of the heavy levy of taxes. Even Robert Clements, one of the big chiefs of the movement, who spoke in Mison City on Labor day, says the plan would "restore prosperity to every part of the country immediately it ia put into operation through, forced circulation of money." Having said this the Townsenditea are through. The remainder of their colorful picture is most hazy. When we penetrate the naze we find that some of the simplest principles of addition and subtraction have been overlooked in the venerable doctor's plan for bringing back prosperity. We find it is a plan to take a staggering sum. of money, $24,000,000,000, 48 per cent of our national income last year, from one group of people and give it to another. The Townsend plan supporters maintain the transfer of the money won't be felt, being in the form of a 2 per cent tax, forgetting that by the time an article reaches the consumer it is bound to have passed through many transactions, each with the tax attached. Even if it were possible to put the Gargantuan plan into operation it wouldn't produce the desired results. What the Townsend plan supporters seem to forget is that you can't eat your cake and have it too, that the increased spending by the aged is bound to be offset by less spending on the part of those who pay the tax. It has been estimated the Townsend plan, on the basis of $200 a month to 10,000,000 persons estimated: as eligible, would require a tax equivalent to $190 a year for each man, woman and child in the United States. What a burden this would be is evident when we realise the average annual per capita income y ^ ^ -: i is : estimated at.$511.25.-. - In the glowing portrayals of the plan the fact is overlooked that the.money to be spent by the pensioners is not new money. It is the same money that is being spent now, transferred to other hands, the same wealth in process of redistribution not from the rich, to the poor, but from the rich' and poor alike to the rich and poor. The aggregate buying power of the population as a whole would not be increased by a single penny. No more goods would be sold. What the pensioners gain, the rest of the nation loses. It is reasonable to assume that the man who earned the money would spend it more wisely than tbe person who made no effort or sacrifice to get the money. The forced expenditure by those who earned the money would be more valuable to society than its expenditure by those who did not earn it and are compelled to expend it in excess of their wants. But, the Townsenditea will say, you overlook one important contribution of the plan, increased turnover of the dollar. In their contention that increasing the velocity of the dollar would increase business they are recognized as right. But there is no showing that this will take place. Dr. F. Cyril James, professor of finance, University of Pennsylvania, prominent student of monetary matters, concludes his study of the plan with this statement: "Our study points to the conclusion that the plan would have no effect whatever upon the rapidity with which the dollar circulates unless it is so unsound that, the government found it impossible to collect the transactions tax. In that case the -federal government would have to find the money for the pensions out" of its already depleted, treasury." The deficit thus created, he points out, would soon "destroy all confidence in the monetary system of the . United States and produce such an increase in the rapidity of circulation that no monetary authority would be able to restrain it." Lastly, the plan by its very nature would have a demoralizing effect upon our civilization. The old principles of reward for thrift, the greatest incentive for progress we. know of, would be largely nullified. Indolence would take, its place and with it stagnation. What we all need to leam it that wealth is something that has to be created. It doesn't come by the magic wave of a wand, but by hard work. If passing money around would make us ail prosperous, we would all have become rich in 1929, but instead we were at the beginning of years of hardships. BETWIXT AND BETWEEN T EADERS of the socialist party are declaring that " President Roosevelt is not a socialist. Clarence Senior, secretary of the national socialist party, has issued a statement that President Roosevelt ia neither a socialist nor a believer in socialistic principles. He. says that President Roosevelt is merely trying to reform "the capitalistic system while the socialists demand a production for use and not for profit. Al Smith and others are declaring that Roosevelt is not a democrat. They intimate that his ideas are those of the socialists rather than of Jeffersonian democrats. President Roosevelt in going before the people may ask them to define his attitudes. The request may be injurious to the president. Being betwixt and between is a dangerous policy. It draws fire from both sides. FOREIGN AFFAIRS 1 |jy MABK f t . ISYEIIS ~ ' ~ ApHE prospect of immediate and decisive action b; J- the league of nations against Italy in the interes of Ethiopia is made definitely more remote by the troubles of France, internal and external. Following the severe beating of Leon Blum, former cabinet minister and socialist party leader, by a mob of royalists the French government issued a decree dissolving the royalist organizations and that means more than a little trouble. In general, French political dispatches can be understood if one bears in mind that the parties of the left are anti-fascist and disposed to encourage league action against Mussolini, while the parties of the right are pro-fascist and want Mussolini to have his way with Ethiopia, the royalists, of course, are the extreme right. They don't amount to much themselves, but they maintain an organization of elegant young hoodlums known as the Camelots du Roi, which specializes in gangster operations against communism. Mild left parties, center and right don't make much fuss when the henchmen of the king beat up communists. But when a respectable politician like M. Blum is beaten up, the fur flies. Of course the rightist parties will complain of the suppression of free speech and public assembly, and it is freely predicted the Sarraut ''government, only a stop gap at best, will not survive. It will be a hot campaign issue for the regular parliamentary elections next spring. FRANCE ALSO HAVING ITS TROUBLES FROM THE OUTSIDE THE French external difficulty is more serious. It is ·I a forma.! protest from Poland, oldest of French post war allies, against ratification of the new treaty with soviet Russia, the major parliamentary business just now before France. Poland gives a plain hint that if the Russian alliance which pledges the Soviets to come to French defense if Germany moves to the west, and France to Russian defense if Germany moves east is ratified, the Franco-Polish alliance is over. The inference plainly to be drawn is that Poland will then link up with Germany, a tendency that has been growing steadily the last three years anyhow, since Hitler agreed to shelve the German claim for the Polish corridor and the city of Danzig. German Polish relations have been very friendly recently, even to the point of Polish pogroms against the Jews just last week. The Poles say that Russia cannot attack Germany as the treaty provides without crossing Poland, and that they.do not intend to permit other nations to make Poland a battlefield. Behind this reasonable contention is the undoubted appetite of Poland for more territory on the Baltic, and the probable secret agreement with Germany to split a healthy slice of the Russian Ukraine between them if the opportunity presents itself. GERMANS AND POLES VS. FRENCH AND KUSSL\NS IE Franco-Polish defection is serious but she has ·*· probably resigned herself to it long since. Indeed the Russian alliance is in a sense the answer to the Polish-German friendship. Poland having; dropped out of the compact which was to serve the double purpose of enforcing the treaty of Versailles and keeping tlie bolsheviks out of western Europe, France has conveniently overlooked her former objections to communists in making her deal with Russia. Tied up with "t are the maintenance of Austrian independence against a German "putsch," and the Danubian question involving the Little Entente. There has recently seemed just a ray of hope that erman aspirations might be satisfied, for a time at east, by giving Hitler a good big chunk of the prewar German colonial possessions. England has been working along this line with the apparent intention really disgorging herself of some of the loot. It was even envisaged as a possible angle of settlement or the African war, Mussolini, it was hinted, might lave a_share.if_he would_be_]jice^about Ethiopia. "HoweverTTSe plainly anti-German i£tentI6n~of the" 1 French deal with Russia, and. now Poland's angry bjection brings the whole mess right back into the middle of Europe, and would seem for the present to make quite impossible any pacification of Europe by assing- around slices of black men's territory. Probably the die ia now cast. For France to back [own on the Russian treaty would be to signal a German, victory for consideration. Exit, ruefully, the hope of an amicable arrangement .o keep the peace of Europe..The Poles may be right in claiming that the Franco Russian deal really means making Poland the cockpit of the next European war, as Belgium was of the last. In any event they have decisively spilled the beans from the pot the French have already tipped by their determination to hold Germany in chains by hook or crook. WORLD MAP AGAIN TO BE CHANGED BY BLOOD HE world map, it now appears, is going to be changed only by blood, a readjustment by concilia- Jon is almost definitely out. Perhaps some additional "ormulas will be trotted out to keep the peace going a while longer. But one may say the addition of Poland bo the growing German strength, and that's how this important move is to be interpreted, hastens the day when Hitler will be ready to strike for a greater Germany. Also hastening the day is deep and growing German restlessness under nazi rule. As Mussolini had to extemporize a war in Africa because he was in hot water at home, so Hitler must pick a fight for German jlory and the salvation of the fatherland, to save his own skin. God help our European neighbors with such masters, JAPAN SEES DEAL BETWEEN UNCLE SAM AND JOHN BULL rpHE Japanese claim that the American and British -I navies have some kind of working agreement received some color in the American .agreement to restrict new cruisers to 8,000 tons. Or so one might read between the lines, recalling that this country las always stood upon the 10,000 ton cruiser most stubbornly at past limitation conferences. Of course, the 8,000 on. limit does not a.pply until present programs are completed, by which time we will have a itrong force of 10,000 ton cruisers. Nevertheless this :asual and unpublished surrender on the principal point of Anglo-American naval differences may mean something. We have always maintained that, not having a round the world string of naval bases, we had to lave big long range cruisers. The British, who have foe bases, have always stuck out for the smaller, cheaper, short range cruisers. Now we agree with them. Why? It could be because we know that if we have'to send cruisers across the wide .Pacific we can use the British bases. Nothing official, you understand. Everybody con- erned could deny absolutely there was any such agreement, and tell the strict truth. But between gentlemen, you know. C. S. DECIDES WISELY TO SHUN EUROPEAN TROUBLES M EANWHILE the London naval conferences, minus Japan, drags on toward nothing much. The chief ecent event, beside the surprising cruiser agreement, vas the effort of the British to bring in European naval matters, notably the matter of the German navy, which involves so much Franco-German, Anglo-German and Anglo-French politics, which is none of our business, that our delegates promptly refused to permit the discussion. Quite right, too. The further we keep out of Europe's nasty mess the better for us. When we alk navy, we are talking in terms of tie Pacific where our Interests He. ONE MINUTE PULPIT--He that worketb deceit shall not dwell within my house; he that tell- eth lies shall not tarry in my sight.--Psalm 101:7. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott ONE OFHE FRONT ABOUT 1100 , WAS SAMUEL PE.PYS' PE.RSOHA,I_ · ROMANCES KND EXPERIENCES 'WHICH HE. NEVER. SUPPOSED WOUL BE DECI PHERED -- PE.PYS WR.CTTE. ABOUT 3,000 PACE? IN WHICH WAS NOT -TRANSCRIBED 1825 wiH FIREBRANDSTTEfio SAVEP A BATTLE AMD POSSIBLE DEFEAT FOR rfAMNIBAL WHEN HE DECEIVE? HE ENEMY At NK5HT BV-IURSINS "THE OXEN LOoSE'ANp SENDING'THEM iN-fflE OPPOSITE DlREC-flON FROM "THAT ·TAKEN BY MS ARMY is ONE. of A SOVIET SERIES on EACH STAMP PEOPLE OF A DIFFERENT RUSSIAN RACE- Do STAMPS L Copyright, CciX-al Press Association. Int. WASPS SOME. WASPS BURY 1=000 AS ADO6 DoES,ANP ·fAMp DOWN -fflE EARTH WTH A ROCK OR 5MAU. PEBBLES DIET and HEALTH By LOOAS CJLENBENING, M. I). Or. Clendening RETURN OF SUN RENEWS LIFE A YEAR AGO, about this time, I visited the ruins of a. great temple far up the Nile. Many of the giant columns were prostrate, but enough were standing so that the guide could point out the fact that the long vista of the colonnade pointed exactly to the spot on tbe horizon where the sun rose at the beginning of the summer solstice. It was the temple of the Great God of Egypt, the sun itself, the Giver of Life and Light. People, who in that far day gathered to welcome the return of the sun, recognized the supreme role which he plays in our human life. The sun is returning to us again in this early spring weather; the days are lengthening out, and we can feel the sap of vitality moving again.in -the living things of the earth. We need not worship it in the blind and superstitious manner of the ancient Egyptians, but in the full scientific knowledge of what it means to our life on this earth. Whenyou build a fire in the grate during the winter evenings, you have simply unbottled the solar energy which the coal or the wood, or the gas, or the oil, absorbed and stored many years ago. The movements that we make with our muscles are nothing else; simply the release of solar energy as it was stored up by plants and which we obtained in our food. The story is told of the inventor, George Stevenson, who was watching one of the locomotives which tiis genius helped to perfect. "Answer me a question," he said, turning to his companion. "What sort of force is it that drives that train along?" "I should think it was the force of the engine," answered his friend. "No," said Stevenson, "sunlight." "I assure you it is nothing else," he continued. "It is light that has Iain stored in the earth for many thousands of years. The light absorbed by the plant during its growth is essential to the condensation of carbon and this light which has been buried in the coal for so many years, is now unearthed and is being freed again, as in this locomotive, and serves great human ends." This return of the sun with all of its powers for renewing energy properly renews our enthusiasm for life. Go out and get as much of it as you can. It is good for your Body, good for blood, bones, skin, all the vitalizing processes of life. And in the world outside your own body it is renewing the vital forces of plants and animals, making chemical changes by your body for growth and health and strength. Every one of these statements has been put down carefully and specifically and modern science has given us a strong body of proof for each claim that I have advanced. During the week I will discuss them in detail. PLEASE NOTE--Dr. Clendening cannot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are oc Eeneral nterest, however, they will be taken up, in order. In the daily column. Address your inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendeoins, cars of Globe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 wordis. TOMORROW FED. 18 By CXAltK KIN'NAIRD Notable Births--Oscar Odd Mclntyre, b. 1884, columnist. This also is his 27th wedding anniversary ...Jimmy "Schnozzle" Durante, b. 1S94, stage, screen and radio comedian Adolphe Menjou, b. 1S90, cinemactor Charles M. Schwab, b. 1862, steelmaster Galileo Galilei, b. 1564, tbe day Michelangelo died. They were the greatest Italians of their times George Peabody, b. 1795 in Danvers (later Peabody), Mass., where he started to make lis own living at 11. Before he was 40 he was a mil- ionaire and head of a large banking house in London. :ie reversed the usual process and expended millions 16 made in Europe in the United States, becoming .he greatest philanthropist the country had before Rockefeller. Feb. 18, 1911--For the first time in the world, mail was transported by mail under official auspices--from Allabahad to Nairn Junction, in India! (First airplane mail was flown in the U .S. the following September). Feb. 18, 1915--Alexander Franklin (Frank) James died on a Missouri farm, 33 years after his notorious Brother and companion in outlawry, Jesse, was killed. He had not served a day for any of the crimes he bad committed. Furthermore, Missouri authorities had protected him from prosecution in a score of other states where he was wanted. Feb. 18, 1916--Germans carried on new attacks on the Yprcs salient and captured trenches near Pilkem, but were driven out by bombing parties. EARLIER DAYS FROM OLOBE-CAZEME FIU;S Thirty Years Ago-Mr. and Mrs. Charles Randall left yesterday for Chicago. Miss Nora O'Nie] has returned to her home in Swaledale after a visit here with her sister, Hiss Nellie O'Niel. Charles Smith and L. M. Valentine visited at Rockford yesterday. WASHINGTON--The senate, after 15 years of consideration, today passed the pure foods bill by the decisive vote of 63 to 4. B. F. Brown left today for Koshkonong, Mo., on a business trip. Mrs. Walter Dean left today for a visit to Fort Smith, Ark. Frank Conners of Rockwell was in the city for a short time today. Mrs. George Warner left yesterday for Libertyville, HI., for an extended visit with friends. ' "Mrs. A.' McGoweh. left yesterday for Milton Junction for an extended visit with relatives. Mrs. J. T. Batty left last night for Madison, Wis. Twenty Years Ago-NEW YORK CITY--Foreign spies are believed responsible for the widespread wave of destruction caused by fires in several eastern states and Canada yesterday. At the Brooklyn waterfront, the steamships Boltou Castle and Pacific were destroyed, another steamship damaged and about 25 scows and lighters burned. Origin of the blaze is unknown but incendiarism is thought the probable cause for munitions for the Russian government were being loaded on to the ships. Mrs. Kate Sorenson is visiting relatives at Belmond this week. Miss Alice Lonergan has returned from a week's business trip to Chicago. Walter Miller,o£ Joliet, 111., is in the city visiting friends. " * Miss Josic McGrath has returned from a trip to Rochester, Minn. Warren Fitzgerald of Cherry Valley, 111., is in the city visiting friends. George Buckman of Charles City, A. W. Johnson, Garner; Charles Kellogg, Calmar;. Walter McEwen, New Hampton, and Claude Demo of Nora Springs, all managers of Gildner Brothers stores, are in the city today on business. Ten Years Ago-CANNES, France--Helen Wills' quest for world supremacy in tennis failed today as the 20 year old American champion went down in defeat before the racquet wizardy of Suzanne Lenglen, noted French star, 6-3 and 8-6. (Nine years later, in 1935, the California ace, now Mrs. Helen Wills Moody, came out of retirement to conquer Miss Helen Jacobs in the finals ot the Wimbledon tournament in what is probably the most successful comeback of all sports annals.) Cruising the Headlines "COAST GUARDSMEN RESCUE 7 CCC YOUTHS ADRIFT IN CAPE COD BAY" A S OLD AS the hills is youth strolling on Sunday afternoon. There was nothing so strange about 7 CCC boys taking a walk last Sunday on the ice in Cape Cod bay. The day turned warm, an off shore wind blew up, and with the ebbing of the tide, the ice upon which they stood, broke away from the mainland. Out to sea they went while frantic onlookers built huge bonfires on the beaches of the bay as guiding beacons. Coast guardsmen and army bombers figured in the rescue which was made after the boys had spent 22 \'~ hours on the floating ice cakes in the far below freezing temperatures. The eyes of the whole nation were turned Cape Cod way--anxiously waiting- for the rescue of the lads. And there's nothing strange about that either. Many Damon and Pythias dramas are enacted every day. But--if we were in war now those 7 CCC boys would be tossed in the hopper and ground to bits along with the rest of the cannon fodder and who would care? There is something strange about that! OBSERVING ?wa^itagg^^ IT LOOKS LIKE A FLOOD IN MAKING .--j- can't for the life of me see 5||pb.ow the lower Mississippi is ?S** going to escape one of the worst floods in history this coming spring. There's an enormous amount of snow on the ground throughout the basin drained by the Missouri and Mississippi. If melting is effected in the normal way, more water will be precipitated into this drainage system than can possibly be accommodated within the banks of the streams. In Mason City the average snow- level at this time is 20 or 21 inches, la eastern Iowa, it's greater; in western Iowa it's not quite as great. The whole middle west is under a snow blanket. What the average is, one can only guess but it must be as much as 10 inches. Normally 10 inches of snow precipitates 1 inch of water. But when it packs, as it has this winter, the moisture proportion is greatly increased. Here in Mason City, for example, it would be safe to say that over every square foot there is, on the average, between 3 and 5 inches of water waiting to be released by a warm sun for its journey to the Gulf of Mexico. Surely the average for the entire middle west above Arkansas would be at least half as great. Let's say that it's two inches. And the area to be drained includes all or parts of Montana, the Dakotas, Kansas, Colorado, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Kentucky. Of course there's the possibility of a gradual melting, as happened back in 1929 when the total of snow was greater than it has been thus far this winter. On the other hand, there's the possibility that the melting will be accompanied by heavy rainfall. But all evidence considered, it looks very much as if there was going to be a lot of Mississippi river, not to mention Winnebago river and Willow creek, in the next month or so. MORE AND WIDER ROTARY PLOWS MUST BE ACQUIRED g*^ venture the guess that the jsi.next five years will sec a *^ dozens of additional rotary snowplows in use in Iowa. As never before they have justified their existence this winter, on railroads as well as on highways. My further guess is that a very considerable proportion of the jlovre acquired from this time on vill be of the full road width, wide enough to clear a way for two cars n one swath. This means a more jowerful engine and fans to throw ;he snow right and left at the same time. ' · - . : · : In a number of instances last week rotary plows were put out of commission by chains, posts--and in one case a frozen dog. With fullest co-operation from the motoring public, this hazard can be greatly reduced, if not entirely eliminated. THIS WILL REMIND YOU FJSH1NG ISN'T FAR AWAY know there will be some to doubt the remarkable story related. But the fact that it was printed as truth in a newspaper--one over in northern Wisconsin--ought to count as something toward establishing its truth: "One of my friends fished a lake in the Spooner region fifteen years ago, but with indifferent success. The man used a spoon, but for some , reason the lure of its whir failed Lo attract the fish. "My friend was quitting in disgust and leaned over the side of his boat. A S10 gold piece--for in those days the possession of gold was no misdemeanor--fell from his pocket, spun in the water and was seized and swallowed by a fish, which darted away. "Five years ago, that friend ,and I returned to the same lake. Again my companion's luck was poor. But just at sundown he landed an enormous pickerel which he took to camp for our dinner. You can imagine the delight of my friend on cleaning the fish, to discover a $10 gold piece in its belly. "The treasure was slightly tarnished, it ia true. But to offset this, my friend also removed three 52 bills from the fish. The $6 we figured out later, represented 6 per cent interest on the gold piece for ten years. It pleased us to learn that the amount was exactly correct." DRIVER REALLY A HIGHWAY ENGINEER. -n»(^ can't help believing that we SjHl|£ shall come eventually to a XS^* recognition of the fact that driving an automobile is a privilege to be earned by a demonstration that we're worthy of it. Up to now the guiding: assumption has been that it's a right not to be withheld except in the most flagrant cases of abuse. What would we think of a railroad that sent an engineer out on to his run, even with a freight train carrying no passengers, unless he had demonstrated beyond doubt an ability to perform the duties which attach to piloting a train? And yet, isn't that exacly what we have done down through the years in the matter of driving an automobile? We've been rather particular about the license. There's been a penalty if the licensee has delayed too long. But beyond that, we haven't asked many questions. We haven't even inquired: "Do you really know how to drive a car?" Wouldn't the man from Mars think we were a funny people in this regard? In the future the question, "Can you drive?" will he supplemented with a requirement that the seeker, of a license make good on hia, answer. - . " . . . Another question which someday will be put to motorists will be: "Are you prepared to meet your responsibility in the event of an accident for which you are to blame?" Here again substantiating evidence will be required. Answers to Questions By FBEDEBIC .1. HASKIN EDITOR'S MAIL BAG ALL FOR ROOSEVELT CLEAR LAKE--After reading Mr. Blythe's article regarding Al Smith's talk given at the Liberty league dinner in Washington. D. C., we wonder who has changed, remembering the remarks made by Mr. Blythe about Al Smith in the Hoover and Smith campaign. Politics sure makes queer bedfellows. I am a farmer and a member of the Farm Bureau and am all for Roosevelt. CHARLES J. HAMSTREET. PLEASE NOTE--A reader can net the smswei to any question ot tact by writ- Ins Mason city Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director. Washington, D. C, Please inclose three (3) cents for reply. What foud is the dasheen? B. W. A cultivated variety of the taro, Colocasia esculenta. The variety commonly grown in the south is the Trinidad dasheen which is especially rich flavored, iHealy cooking and a prolific variety. In food properties the dasheen is very similar to the potato but contains less water. The name dasheen is a corruption of the French patois da Chine, meaning of China. This was the phrase used by the Negroes of Trinidad in reference to the supposed origin of the plant. The taro is widely grown throughout the Orient and the southwest as a food plant. What length of time docs it require the average student to become competent in the mastery of the typewriter by using the touch system, under the average good business school training? JR. R. Estimated it requires about 180 hours of practice to acquire a speed of 40 words a minute. What is ghee? J. P. Clarified butter used in India. The best is prepared from butter of the milk of cows, the less esteemed from that of buffaloes. The butter is melted over a slow fire and set aside to cool; the thick, opaque, whitish and more fluid portion, or ghee, representing the greater bulk of the butter, is then removed. The less liquid residue, mixed with groundnut oil, is sold as an inferior kind of ghee. In India, ghee is one of the j commonest articles of diet, and indeed enters into the composition of everything eaten by the Brahrnans. Has Westminster Abbev a flag? J. G. In 1931, Westminster Abbey adopted its own flag as the official ensign of the dean. It incorporates the red and white roses of the Tudors, the cross and five gold mart- lets of St. Edward the Confessor, and the royal arms. Is it more dangerous to travel by water than by land? G. E. It is safer. During the fiscal year ending June 30. 1934, for every 3,456,372 passengers carried on steamships, only one was lost. Tell of Marian Anderson, young Negro contralto, who hss been a sensation in New York? D. G. Born in South Philadelphia. Made her first concert appearance when she was 6 and when she was S was billed as a baby contralto. Negro organizations advanced money for her to study seriously. She went to Europe in 1925, returned to this country for a recital in 1931 then made a European concert tour, from which she but recently returned. In New York she lives at a Y. W. C. A. in Harlem. How dill Ironsides orginate as a nickname? H. i\I. In English history, Ironside or Ironsides first appears as the name of Edmund H, king of the English. In the great rebellion, it was first given oy Prince Rupert to Cromwell, after the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644. Fi jm Cromwell, it was transferred to the troopers of his cavalry, those God-fearing men, raised and trained by him in iron discipline. Why is there an apostrophe in the word,"o'clock? C. R. Indicates omission of letters in the expression, of the clock. What became of the horse, Brokers Tip, that won the Kentucky Derby in 193S? J. L. Brokers Tip was doing heavy hauling, pulling a cart, to strengthen his tendons for 18 months. He is now at Hialeah Park, Florida. He ran in a recent race. What's Bonus Worth? Congress has passed the bonus bill and it has become the law of the land. It remains to be seen how the money to pay it will be raised-by taxation, borrowing or inflation. How inflation works is told in clear, understandable language in our newest home service booklet "Money and Its Uses." This 32 page booklet tells the history of monev down through the ages, defines the universal function of currency; traces the beginning and growth of banking. Enclose 10 cents to cover cost and handling. Use coupon: The Mason City GIobe-Gazetta Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director. Washington, D. C. I enclose 10 cents in coin carefully wrapped) for the new booklet on "Money." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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