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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME !'. i T or i 'Â·',-. (5 M 0 I V r Â·Â·; I "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH lOWAN'S NEIGHBORS" H O M E E D I T I O N VOL. XUI FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 113 Pittman's War Scare Senator's Claims Embarrassing to Administration. By CHARLES P. STEWART A S H I N G T O N , (C. P. A.)--It Â· n o s e c r e t Washington that Senator Key Pittman's persistent warnings t h a t t h e U n i t e d States must prepare f o r w a with Japan o expect to take licking w h e n a conflict between the two nations does come a r e embarrassing to S e c r e t a r y of S t a t e Cordell Hull, if not to the entire Roosevelt administration. From a militarist's standpoint it is true, of course, that a case can be made out of a clash of interests in the Pacific between Uncle Sam and Japan. However, Secretary Hull is not violently militaristic. Obviously he is disinclined to have a war it one can be avoided--not necessarily to yield too much to Japan, but not to be provocative either. Hitman Provocative. Senator Pittman, on his part, is provocative. What makes his fulminations especially trying to the state department is the fact he is chairman of the senate's foreign relations committee. Consequently the things he says give the impression of American foreign spokesmanship. It is a wrong impression, as to the state department. Secretary Hull has been forced to the declaration -that the Nevada senator is speaking only for himself, not for the United States government. Nevertheless, under most governments, differently subdivided from Uncle Sam's, the senator is interpreted by the press and people, if not by technical experts, as orating: for- all America, and it does little good for Secretary-Hull to .point out that he is, maybe, a-lone, voice. : -. '".."^Besides,..'Pittman'is:"an" administration senatorrit'does not do to discredit him too utterly. Says It Twice. Pittman first declared preliminary war on Japan in an informal speech before a. commercial association in the far southwest. Not being official, that did not matter much. The senator subsequently asserted that he had been misquoted, too. But when he subsequently repeated himself on the senate floor to substantially the same effect, it be- came'fairly evident that he meant' what he said the first time. Anyway, Senator Pittman was logical. It is difficult to say as much for Senator James Hamilton Lewis of Illinois, who supported him with the assertion that Japan and Russia are uniting to exclude the United States from oriental markets. It is notorious that Tokio and the Soviet republics are at odds--much more bitterly, because they are nearer neighbors, than are Japan and the United States. * * * Seek Preparations. I The nub of it is that militarists want preparation for war. Speaking militaristically there is a certain amount of sense in a prediction of war between the United States and Japan. It is a mystery how a war could be evolved between the United States on one side, and, on the other side, Japan and Russia. It is as likely as that there should be a war between Canada and Australia versus tie United States. What the military folk want, in short, is a good excuse to arm. They can find it, after a fashion, against Japan. As against Russia, it is too silly for discussion, "Jim Ham" Lewis' logic and all. MISSOURITiN IS SNOWED IN Dwindling Food Supplies Are Being Doled Out to 200 Marooned Persons. HATFIELD. Mo., I.T) -- Snow trapped Hatfield's 200 marooned townspeople doled out dwindling food supplies Monday while rescuers battled to open an emergency road to the town before nightfall. Aided by two snowplows, volunteers had cleared a dirt road, impassable for a month, to a point four miles from town. Only 10 pounds of sugar and a dozen sacks of flour remained in Charley Jones' General store. Coal and kerosene were exhausted weeks ago. Old buildings and shade trees were chopped for firewood. One woman had ripped up the floor of her home for fuel. Hatfield is 16 miles from a railroad. SALE OF POWER BY TVA UPHELD SUPREME COURT SUSTAINS RIGHT OF GOVERNMENT 8-1 Decision F a i l s to Rule on Other TVA Activities. By JAMES W. DOUTHAT Associated Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON, (.T)--In a decision which did not reach to the constitutionality of the TVA Â· as a whole, the supreme court Monday upheld the right of the government to dispose of surplus power from dams constructed for Â· purposes of navigation control or as a national defense measure. An S to 1 decision by Chief Justice Hughes, with McReynolds dissenting, held that the construction of Wilson dam at Muscle Shoals was constitutional and that the government purchase of transmission lines from the Alabama Power company to distribute the energy was also valid. A minority contended that the court should have dismissed the case. Decision Is Limited. The decision was limited to the validity of the contract in question and the government's right to dispose of property belonging to it. Thus, other manifold activities of the TVA--such as land purchase, resettlement and encouragement of wider use of electric power--were not directly affected. A record breaking crowd which included many notables listened intently as Hughes read the hour long, history making decision. The chief justice leaned forward and Tspok-e"ia-a-clear-fdrceful-'voice. "-'-Â·Â·Â· After ruling that the construction of the Wilson dam as an act of national defense and for the improvement of navigation was legal, the court held that there was no constitutional prohibition against the manner in which the Tennessee Valley authority was disposing of the electricity generated there. "Surplus power" is power produced in excess of purely governmental needs Hughes asserted authority to dispose of property constitutionally acquired was specifically provided in the constitution itself. Silent on Method. "The constitutional provisions," he ruled, "is silent as to the method of disposing of property belonging to the'United States. "That method, of course, must be an appropriate means of disposition according to the nature of the property. "It must be one adopted in the public interest as distinguished from private or personal ends, and we may assure that it must be consistent with the foundation principles of our dual system of government and must not be contrived to govern the concerns reserved to the states, x x x "As to the mere sale of surplus energy, nothing need to be added to what we have said as to the constitutional authority to dispose. The government could lease or sell and fix the terms." Should Be Dismissed. In an opinion by Justice Brandeis. joined by Cardozo. Roberts snd Stone, it was contended that the suit should have been dismossed because of lack of jurisdiction. Thereupon Justice McReynolds read a dissenting opinion. No indication had previously been 'given that the ruling was not unanimous. He delivered the dissenting opinion in the famous "gold clause" cases last term. McReynolds said he objected to the extent of the government's activities. "I think," he said, "the trial court reached the con'ect conclusion and that its decree should be approved. Can Enter Business. "If under the thin mask of disposing of property the United States can enter the business of generating, transmitting: and selling power as. when and wherever some board may specify, with the definite design to accomplish ends wholly beyond the sphere marked out for :hem by the constitution, an easy way has been found for breaking down the limitations heretofore supposed to guarantee protection against aggression." The general purposes of TVA, it was held by eight justices, present no "justifiable question." "The Tennessee river is a naviga- ile stream." said Hughes, develop- ng the thesis that the constitution reposed powers over navigation in the federal government. Uphold Sale Contract. The court, by its ruling, upheld a contract for sale by the Alabama Power company of transmission Road Traffic Kept Moving Despite Snow ON THE INSIDE BRUNO HAUPTMANN Hauptmann Waits For Resentence to Death ON PAGE 2 Alice, the Army Mule, Proves to Be No Lady ON PAGE 2 2 Trains Leave Track in Shell Rock Vicinity ON PAGE 7 .House Group: Favors, ,..__, Townsend Plan Probe ON PAGE 11 Liquor Stores Reduce Hours to Save on Coal ON PAGE 12 Delay in Fixing Time of Hauptmann Death ON PAGE 2 Byers Says Blood Will , Change Map of World PAGE 4, COL. 2 Carnegie Report on Townsend Plan Says Scheme Impossible NEW YORK, (JP)--The Townsend old age pension plan is described as "one of the most visionary and impossible schemes ever presented for public acceptance" by the annual report of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, published Monday. lines to the Tennessee Valley authority. The court limited its decision to the case before it. The court expressed no opinion on other dams or other government activities. It took Hughes one hour to deliver the historic opinion. The ruling in the final new deal case that was ready for decision by the high tribunal has an important bearing on the .$12,000,000,000 utilities industry. The decision had possible repercussions on the new deal's dam construction program and the Passa- maquoddy tide harnessing project in Maine. r The court refused a "declaratory decree" enjoining the government from future activity in competition with the private utility industry as a. result of TVA dams under construction or to be built: Throe Dams Started. Three have been started--Norris, Wheeler and Pickwick Landing dams. Wilson dam. directly involved in the litigation, was begun in 1917 to produce power and nitrates for war purposes. Delivering the concurring opinion, Brandeis said the preferred stockholders had no right to bring the suit because they had not proved damages. "There Is no showing of irreparable injury," he asserted. He spoke slowly, apparently from memory. The concurring opinion indicated the decision had been held up by differences of opinion over whether the case should have been dismissed. The case was argued 60 days ago Three Killed in Collision of Freights JORDAN. Minn., /T) -- Three engine crew members were killed and one injured Monday when a freight train on the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha railroad crashed into the rear of a stalled freight. The dead: Albert Holly, about 55, (he engineer. Dwight L. Johnson, fireman, Eaii Claire, Wis. One unidentified man. Ray Ebert, who suffered two broken legs, was taken to St. Mary's hospital in Minneapolis. The donbleheader ireight, hauling a long string of cars, smashed into the other freight about 3 a. m., four miles from here. The two engines toppled over, pinning some of the victims beneath them. Volunteers called from neighboring communities worked in 15 below zero weather removing the bodies. One oil car sprung a leak and its contents spread along the track. Several cars leaped the track and rescuers, handicapped by the bitter cold, searched the twisted wreckage for other possible victims. Steam roared from both engines as they Jay sidewise on the track. Undertakers said Holly, who had been thrown clear of his engine, probably died from loss of blood. An artery of his broken right leg was severed but his body bore no other marks of injury. IOWA ENGINEER KILLED BENEATH HIS ENGINE OSKALOOSA, (IP )-- -F r a n k C. porter,. 55,., M.J a ; r s d._Â§t.-._L i ..railro.ad " - " ' neath his engine at the roundhouse when a second engine backed into it. Porter was setting up wedges in a pit', preparing his engine for the local run to Marshalltown, when the accident occurred. He had been employed by the road since 1900. OSCAR HARTZELL IS HELD INSANE Judge Sentences 6 Others in Drake Fraud Trial to Year Each. CHICAGO. (.T 1 )--Oscar Hartzell, chief defendant in the Sir Francis Drake mail fraud trial, was declared Monday in a report by a court psychiatrist to be a paranoiac and insane. Federal Judge Philip L. Sullivan sentenced six men, convicted with Hartzel!. to one year and a day each in the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kans. Because of insanity report, he did not pass sentence on Hartzeli. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Generally lair Monday night and Tuesday, preceded by snow Monday night in extreme east portion; severe cold with colder Monday night. MINNESOTA: Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday, except unsettled in northeast Monday night; severe cold, with colder Monday night in extreme south and extreme northwest. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Monday morning: Maximum Sunday Minimum in Niffht Af 8 A. M. Monday Snowfall Precipitation 5 Below 13 Below J l Belmv 3 Inches .2 of an Inch Figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Sunday morning: Maximum Saturday minimum in Night At 8 A. M. Sunday 5 Below 25 Below 18 Below North Iowa's snow level Monday forenoon was in excess of two feet. Only once in recent years--in the latter part of February, 1929--has this been equaled. The average on Feb. 27 of that year was listed as 27 inches. Monday noon. Feb. 17, 1936, it was listed at 23'i inches. Total snowfall in the winter of RADIO PRIEST TO ACCEPT DARE OF HOUSE MEMBER C o u g h l i n Will See If O'Connor Can Kick Him Around. WASHINGTON, /P-- Representative Sweeney ( D - O h i o ) ) , told the house Monday the Rev. Charles E. Coughlin will arrive in Washington Tuesday to take u p Representa- t i v e O'Connor's (D-N. Y.) challenge "(o kick" the Detroit priest "all the way from the capilol to the white house." A f t e r reading to the house the telegram s e n t the Detroit radio priest by O'Connor Sunday in rc- JOHN J. O'CONNOR. ply to Coughlin's radio attack on t h e rules committee chairman, Sweeney said: "Father Coughlin will lake up that challenge and will arrive here tomorrow morning." Applause and Veils. Sweeney only had one m i n u t e of time in which to read the telegram and make that statement. The plause and rebel yells which greeted O'Connor's telegram were so loud r that .few jnembers JbcaTcL or .caught 'tHe-significance of Sweeney's object in reading it. Questioned by newspapermen, Sweeney said the radio priest not only would be here Tuesday but would give O'Connor open opportunity to fulfill his threat to kick him from one end of the historic avenue to the other. Frazier-lemke Bill. At issue was the Frazier-Lemke bin to issue up to $3,000,000,000 in new money and use it to refinance farm mortgages at easier terms. Father Coughlin, demanding passage of the bill, accused O'Connor Sunday of trying to i n t i m i d a t e legislators into taking their names off a petition which is being 1 circulated in an effort to force a vote on the measure. As chairman of the powerful house rules committee, O'Connor had a "strangle hold" on the measure, the clergyman said. He calJed on President Roosevelt to "order" O'Connor to release the "stranglehold." Father Coughlin declared that O'Connor should not only be removed from the committee chairmanship but "should resign his seat in congress." O'Connor Answers Pries!. O'Connor was sitting by his radio, listening in. When the address was over, he seized paper and pencil and wrote a telegram to the priest. He -said it read as follows: "Just heard your litaelous radio rambling. The truth is not in you. "You are o disgrace, to my church or any other church and especially to the citizenship of America which you recently embraced. "You do not dare to print what you said about me. If 'you. will please come to Washington I shall guarantee to kick you all the way from the capital to the white house with clerical garb and all the silver in your pockets which you got by speculating in Wall street when I was voting for all farm bills. "Come on." Opposed to Bill. The house leadership is bitterly opposed to the Frazier-Lemke bill. Its backers' attempts to obtain a vote have developed into a sec-saw struggle. With 21S signature? necessary to force the bill oul, of committee to the floor, they have at times approached within three of that number, only to lose some strength as legislators removed their names. Last reports said the number was well over 200. Speaker Byrns has declared that if the bill should bo put to a vote t would be defeated. Tracks Cleared Second Time In these SCRIICS near New Hampton, huge drifts were cleared away a second time on the Milwaukee railroad. In the previous blizzard, drills were 25 feet deep, and were pictured in the Globe-Gazette. The above, photographs, taken Friday, show, upper left, a closeup of an engine in the drift; upper right, smoke coming from the engine, which cannot be seen because of the drift; lower left, only the top of the train show- inir, and loner right, shovcjcrs cleaning out the bottom of the roadbed. Confessed Murderer Gets 99-100 Years ALBUQUERQUE, N. Mex., W)-Modesto Trjuillo, confessed slayer of Carl N. Taylor, magazine writer, pleaded guilty to second degree mur. 1928-20 was 68.10 inches. Thus f n r } fler Monday and was sentenced by this winter the total has been 48 j Judge Fred' E. Wilson from 99 to 100 inches. 'years in the state penitentiary. S Day 'State of Alarm' in Spain Called MADRID. I.T.i--A "state of alarm" to last eight days, was declared throughout Spain Monday following the deaths of six persons n Sunday's general election. One more person was killed Monday, bringing the casualties for the ast two days to 7 dead, 16 seriously njurcd, and scores suffering minor hurts. Declarations by both radicals and conservatives indicated that the eftists had won between 250 and 265 seats- out of the 173 in parliament. The state of alarm--which requires that police authorities be constantly on the alert but does not suspend civil processes--was proclaimed in the face of rumors that a "state of war" might be instituted. Large Leftist Gains. Authorities feared that disorders might result from large leftist Â·ains in the election. A cabinet session was called. The failure of the government to give out any official reports on the election results led to a belief that the leftists had proved stronger than had hitherto been admitted, in their campaign against the government center-rightist coalition for seats in the now parliament. Six Lose Lives. Although six were killed in election disputes, officials said the day passed more quietly than previous Spanish election days. The latest semi-official returns indicated a sharp swing to the left, cutting into the rightist strength, but the rise of the center party appeared to make probable a victory for the rightist government center coalition. The left appeared certain to take from 220 to 230 of the 473 seats in the new parliament, but the government's winning of about 6n seats prevented a decisive leftist victorv. RUSSIA, JAPAN DISPUTE GROWS Soviets Expected Soon to Withdraw Consuls From Manchoukuo. (fop.vricht. land, lu- The A.isiictatril Press.) TOKIO--A Japanese foreign of- SEEN FOR STATE Railroads D e l i v e r Coal in North Iowa Over Week-End. While a sliding blanket of snow over the suite grew deeper Monday, railroads anU highway engineers were succeeding in keeping traffic moving, hoping the wind, which was causing drifts in the old cuts, would not become more severe. The weatherman forecast clearing skies, but he also prcdiccd "severe cold." He did not foresee any heavy winds. "Snow removal work probably can go ahead unhampered by any severe drifting," he said, "at least for the time being." North Iowa highway commission officials, however, clitl not seek to hide their apprehension over the situation Monday afternoon when there was no apparent lctdo\vn in the wind which was causing the highways to drift. Although cars were getting through motorists were not encouraged to take to the highways. Temperatures early Monday hung from zero down to 15 below over most of the state after hitting down into (.he minus thirties in the northwest section early Sunda.y. Mason City had 13 degrees below Sunday night. Saturday night the mercury..dropped.to 25 below.. "They'll get up around zero again Monday," the weatherman said, "and then coast down to a minimum of' 30 below in the north half of the state and 20 below in the south. No Sign of Break. "Sorry," he added, "but there's no sign of a break--and we're trying to find one just as hard as anyone." Four inches of additional snow had fallen from late Sunday night to noon Monday in the Mason City territory. The new snow marie a total of Â·IS inches for the winter against 68 in 1929 for the whole season. Considerable drifting was reported in several sections of North Iowa Monday although main roads fice spokesman said Monday night | were still open. At Forest Cify, that information from Hsinking indicated Russia soon would withdraw all her consulates, except the consulate-general at Harbin, from Manchoukuo. Officials said they believed the withdrawals were not connected with the recent fights along the Manchoukuoan borders and could not be interpreted as a preparation for war. They said that, instead, the Russian action could be regarded a.s an outcome of the three years dispute over the desire of the Japan created empire of Manchoukuo to stablish consulates at Khabarovsk, Nikols- kussarisk. Verkhncudinsk, and Irk- utsk, in addition to those established in 1933 at Blagbvestchensk and Chita. Manchoukuo pointed out that the soviet maintained consulates at Mukden (closed last week), Tsitsi- I'.ar, Heiho, Manchuli. and Progran- ichnaya, in addition to Harbin, and demanded an equal number in Russia. The demands went unanswered uctil last December when Manchou- kuo pressed insistently for action, leading to the allegedly forthcoming move of withdrawing for consulates. which had a minimum temperature Repor Between 17 and 30 Burn to Death as Films Catch Afire VALPARAISO. Chile. L-P)--Between 17 and 30 persons were burned to death early Monday by a fire which started among movie films in the Italo-Chiiean Cinema company building. Two residences next to the three story building were destroyed. Firemen recovered 17 bodies, mainly of women, before 9:20 a. m.. nnd said they feared 13 other persons had perished. ters on Strike at Milwaukee Paper MILWAUKEE. (.Ti--News room employes of the Milwaukee Wisconsin News belonging to the American Newspaper Guild went on strike Monday. Picketing of the News building was started at once despite below-zero temperatures and snow. of 14 below, 3 inches of snow fell which was drifting some. Arrival of seven carloads of coal Saturday afternoon and the first mail train in several days was reported at Forest City. Osage, where the mercury dropped to 12 below, reported snowfall of 2','z inches, with considerable drifting. Farmers arriving in Thornton said roads were drifting badly. 20 Below at Clarion. Clarion reported snowfall and a temperature of 20 below at S o'clock Monday morning. Only one car of coal was received there and more was badly needed. Drifting was reported at Hampton, where the mercury dropped to .13 below, accompanied by 3 inches of snow. Two cars of coal were received Mondny morning. ' Railroads utilized the wock-end to bring coal into Mason City and other North Iowa communities, in many of which the shortage had become acute, but were apprehensive above the weather conditions as threatening conditions developed Monday. Trains were in operation Monday morning with plows continuing their work of clearing away the drifting snow. Five Cars for Mason City. The Rock Island railroad was bringing five carloads of coal from Manly to Mason City Monday after, noon, these being part of a consignment of fuel sent into North Iowa over the week-end. Seventeen other cars of coal were also in Manly headed for other communities. Of these Esthcrville wag to get four. The other cars were to go to Wallingford, Garner. Lakota. Manson, Luverne. Iowa Falls. Dows, Clarion. Grncttinger, Armstrong and Thompson. Freight trains were late, but they i were getting through, it was stated I at the office of H. YV. Odle. general | agent. Passengers operated close to | .schedule except for No. 32 south- Fishins; Schooner Is " Reported m Distress BOSTON. (.T)--Coast guard head- ooun"d."whYch"was'held'up7t Mason quarters Monday reported the Gcr- C ity for a time when the wheels trude L. Thebaud. two-masted fishing schooner and winner of the 1930 fishermen's race, in distress off Halifax. N. R. The Thebaud. pride of the Gloucester fishing fleet, coast guardsmen said, wis 120 miles rast of Halifax with disabled engines. froze to the rails. No. 62 from Minneapolis to Chicago and St. Louis arrived at Manly one hour late Sunday night. No. 61 going n o r t h to Twin Cities from Chicago ami St. Louis was 40 minute. 1 ; late Monday morning. No. 6!