The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on August 7, 1935 · Page 9
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August 7, 1935

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 9

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, August 7, 1935
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Page 9
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TEN MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, AUGUST 7 1935 u,e ...Better Schools AND VIEWS OF INTEREST TO FARMERS (THIS PAGE EDITED BY ARTHUR PICKFORD), SAYS SCIENTIFIC METHODS NEEDED TO FIGHT INSECT University of Iowa Experts Maintain They May Become Greatest Enemy. IOWA CITY, Aug. 7. (rP)-- Two University of Iowa scientists say the lowly insect may become man's greatest enemy within a few years, unless scientific control methods are put into use. Prof. Joseph H. Bodine, head of the zoology department, says "if scientific methods are not instituted into man's attempt to control the ravages of insects, he will be faced with a serious problem of confronting his greatest enemy in the next few years. "The crude attempts made by man to combat insects from the surface with no study of the background of the pests are not amply effective." Introduced by Accident. Prof. Bohumil Shimek of the botany department says man is h own greatest enemy. "He (man) a times aggravates and invites fu the developments of pests in his own ignorance. "The carp and English sparrow are examples of man's unwitting! introducing new pests. The frui fly, corn borer and the Dutch elm disease were all introduced acci dentally." More than a million insect specie are known to exist, and it is esti mated that a total of 20,000,000 species exist. More than 7,500 of these are definitely harmful to man. The scientists pointed out that the damage caused by these insects is beyond accurate calculation. It is estimated that more than a billion dollars loss is caused each I I IT S E E M S TO ME" A Weekly Farm Page Feature Presenting the Views of Representative North Iowa Farmers and Farm Wives on Important economic and Governmental Questions of the Day By RALPH GILCHBIST year. Professor Shimek says that s a lot of work but it is a part of attle feeding as we see it. you nave some fine looking straw ·the practical man in forestry, entomology and agricultural departments fighting insects tries to effect control of pests with no fundamental historical or scientific principles of biological life. "We Kill Birds." "We kill birds, our greatest friends in fighting insects, because _ th'ey take'narUculeX.pfj.o,ur_:fnii.U 'Sasy^BT'iSae of "helpful iosects : are killed' unwittingly. · In general, we fight pests only after they appear in great numbers, subscribing to some assumption of insect life, and only as they directly affect us at one time. "The chinch bug and grasshopper were given free sway in destroying our crop until they took nearly all of it. ' "A study of cause and facts must take the place of assuming insect habits -from a local observation. Concerted action of control must be used through all stages of insect life. Must Be Studied. "Bach stage of life must be studied to determine the harmfu states and all possible means o combat. An understanding of th inter-relation of the living world must'be reached. The relationship of plant to insect and to soil an weather conditions must be com prehended. "The shelter belt proposed fo the great plains region upsets na tural. laws. Trees will be plants where they never grew before. "Man and insects are much alik Some are good and some are detn mental. The detrimental must controlled." The scientist, however, says does not believe insects will over power man as a result of ignoranc He says the balance of nature, constant fluctuation of life on th earth with increase in numbers' any species followed by subsequen decreases caused by natural fa tors, will prevail to save man W. J. MURPHY AUCTIONEER Phone 1324 Charles City, Iow» REAL ESTATE LOANS A liberal supply of Life Insurance Company and private money available for Farm Loans and choice Mason City Residence Loans. Prompt service. Small expense. Low interest. Hugh H. Shepard 501-508 I. O. F. Building Phone 281 Mason City, Iowa How large a farm do the Gil- christs operate? About 1,200 acres. My brothers. Wheeler and Earl and I operate it jointly and in partnership. We rent 100 acres of it. How do you divide it as to crops? We have 275 acres of oats, 300 acres of corn, there are 465 acres in pasture and 80 acres of meadow. The* division varies somewhat according to the season. In general, we have a rotation of corn for .one year followed by oats and we change the meadow as it needs to be changed. We do not grow soybeans, Sudan grass or alfalfa but stick to red clover or alsike. How many men does it take to operate this 1,200 acre farm? About six men. We feed about 80 head of cattle every year and that means a lot of chores. What breed do you prefer? Any good feeding: cattle. Sometimes Durhamg, sometimes Herefords or Polled Angus. They fatten up better and sell better. Can you grow all the feed and grain you need ? We buy corn and raise the rest. We had all the rough feed we needed last year and we sometimes sell oats. What proportion of your corn crop do you cut up? About 115 acres. This is one rea : son we are not short of feed. We haul the shocks in direct from the field until it Is time to clear the field for seeding to oats. We stack what is left. We have not yet con-* sidered putting up a silo because what part of the fodder the steers do not eat makes good bedding anc keeps them out of the mud in the spring of the year. Of course this The Gilchrists RALPH GILCHRIST The Gilchrists are extensive land owners in Cerro Gordo and Franklin counties bordering highway No. 65. There are four brothers in the family, two of whom live at the home place with the mother and Ralph at a nearby homestead. He was born on the home farm in 1S73, has always lived there, was married in 1S18 to Miss Ruth M. Hudson. They have one daughter, Abigail. liles. Do you ever burn straw? No. It pays to care for straw and e feed most of it. This care for ed kept us from buying dear feed st winter. Your crops look well. How do you eep up fertility? We cover about SO acres with arn yard manure every year. We ave never used commercial ferti- izer. Do you belong, to any farm orgsafr zation. No. Did you join the AAA crop re- uction plan ? We did not. Did crop reduction raise prices? I don't think so. Prices raised be- ause they were due to raise. They Iways do after they reach the bot- om. Will we need crop reduction in 936? No. If we are growing too much f ood- ituff, how else can we raise prices other than to shorten the supply? Do not let other countries ship so much in. Are we on the upgrade again" Why do you think so ? Because we can't go any other way after we get to the bottom. What is your guess? Will Roosevelt be re-elected? I don't see how he can be. Have you ever held a public of fice? I was school director at one time Where do you send your children when they are through your coun try school? To Sheffield or Rockwell hig school. I notice many metal coops In your yard. Tell me about your poultry Mrs. Gilchrist: I raise Barred Plv mouth Rocks. I have tried hatch ing chicks with an incubator but have decided to go back to the ol hens. In the end I have more chick and they care for them. I like th Barred Rocks because they are larg birds and good layers. What do you enjoy about farm life? It is an independent life and our living is assured. PRICES OF FARM PRODUCTS DROP fen Per Cent Decline Since High of Year Registered on July 15. ·AMES, Aug. 7.--Iowa farm prices ook their third successive setback uring the June 15-July 15 period and the Iowa Farm Price Index con- equently ended that month a full 0 points below the high point of 935, .^tptes.,..the. current .Issue, of .gricultural Economic Facts, Iowa tate college extension service cir- ular. Since that time hog prices have isen considerably, as have certain ther farm · commodities. Eggs Stage Rise. Eggs were the only commodity ncluded in the index which rose be- ween June and July. Hogs were teady, while cattle, butter and grains all dropped. The Iowa index subsequently dropped, 5 points to 115 per cent of pre-war level, still 37 per cent above ihe level of July, · 1934, and higher than any of -the 4 years preceding 1935, the circular explains. A high point of 125 was reached in March this year and maintained in April It slipped 1 point in May and points in June. Down 3 Points. The decline in farm prices car ried the buying power of Iowa farm products down to 91 per cent of th 1910-14 level--3 points lower than in June. On the same basis tb prices of things farmers have to buj dropped from 127 to 126, explain the circular. A year ago the ex change value of Iowa farm product stood at 60. per cent in place of th .present 91. Prices for farm products for th United States as a whole also de dined between June and July from 104 to 102 per cent of pre-war level while purchasing power of Unite States farm products fell from 8: to 81. Genuine Willard Farm Lite Batteries as low as Battery and Electric Service 110 S. Delaware Phone 819 PROCESSING TAX SOUS STUDIED Judge Scott Takes Cases o Four Iowa firms Under Advisement. SIOUX CITY, Aug. 7. UP)--Fed era! Judge George C. Scott toda studied suits of four Iowa process ing concerns attacking constitu tionality of the AAA and seeking preliminary injunctions agains collection of processing taxes. The companies ask injunctions halt collection of the tax until hearing at the next term of cour when a permanent injunction wil be requested. The government is seeking to have the preliminary injunctions denied, and a temporary restraining order, issued by the court pending a hearing on the preliminary injunction, set aside. The suing firms are the Rath Packing company, Waterloo; John Morrell Packing company, Ottumwa; Renick and Ford company, Cedar Rapids, and Martens and Ketels Milling company. Sioux City. Judge Scott took the case under advisement yesterday afternoon following attorneys' arguments. Rhea and Chandler Groups in Kentucky Seek Runoff Votes LOUISVILLE, Aug. · 7. (;B--Fac tions led by Thomas S. Rhea, vet eran political warrior, and by th comparatively youthful Lieut. Gov A. G. (Happy) Chandler toda; girded themselves for anothe' month of tooth-and-nail fighting fo: the democratic nomination for gov ernor of Kentucky. Tabulation of approximate!} three-fourths of the vote in las Saturday's primary gave Rhea, in round numbers, 10,000 plurality over Chandler, but 35,000 less than a majority of all votes for the five candidates in the race. The contest goes into a run off primary between Rhea and Chandler Sept. 7. HIGHEST PRICES PAID FIRST BLOCK OF YEAR'S CORN-HOG CHECKS ON WAY Payments Go to Co-Operating Farmers in 33 States, Says Wickard. The first block o£ 1935 corn-hog adjustment p a y m e n t s -- 61,478 checks totaling 54,004,914.95--was mailed July 27 to co-operating farm ers in 33 states, Claude R. Wickard chief of the agricultural adjustment administration's corn-hog section, announced. This block of checks marks the beginning of first payments on the more than a million 1935 corn-hog contracts signed or under preparation'. More than $1,195,000 of the payments go to Iowa, where 16 per cent of the nation's corn crop anc 25 per cent of the hogs slaughtered under federal inspection are produced. Nebraska farmers will receive $728,116, while checks totaling over 5100,000 were sent to each oi the states of Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, Kansas, Oklahoma, Minnesota and Indiana. The initial installment of about $84,850,000, distribution-of which is now beginning, represents approximately two-fifths of the total corn payment and one-half of the total Sog payment due farmers under the 1935 program. Seen Through a Windshield -By A. P. --Great increase in small sized summer cottges at Bayside. In some of them not room enough to swing a cat--but they don't need to swing a cat. -Sign at front gate of farm lace "Thieves, Keep Out.'"--as if hey would make a personal appli- ation of .the injunction. --Roadsides decorated with pur- le vervain; a very fine flower-n its place. --Farmer thoroughly disgusted ·ith the inflexibility of government rom Washington, in relation to AAA and crop reduction modus psrcsdi--"Doggone, 'em." . · --Remarkable, but gradual in- rease in size of corn, in a certain eld as it approaches the barn- ard. --One lone farmer building a rain stack, a lost art to this gen- ration. --Gratefully cool, cloudy day. We re fed up on sunshine for' a day or vo. --Experiment in sales psychology --ornamental, well kept, flower bedecked oil station on 65. Pleasing to the eye, arrests attention, sells. --Smoothest railroad crossing In Mason City at C. N. W. track on new paving on Federal avenue south. THE MAN WHO WORKS. The man who wins is an average man; Not built on any peculiar plan, Not blessed with an peculiar luck; Just steady and earnest and full of pluck. When asked a question he does not "guess--" He knows and answers "No" or "Yes;" When set a task that the rest can't do He buckles down till he's put it through. For the man who wins is the man who works, Nor neither trouble nor labor shirks. Who uses his hands, his head, his eyes, The man who wins is the man who tries. --Charles R. Bartlett. What Rains Can Do TWENTY MILLION TREES SENT TO FARMERS OF II. S, Distribution Carried Out by Forest Service Government. of A total of 20,208,106 - tree seedlings for woodland and shelterbelt planting was distributed to farmers in 38 states and two territories through federal-state co-operation last year, the forest service, U. S. department of agriculture, announced today. The distribution was by state forestry departments, co-operating with the U. S. forest service under the tree production section (section 4) of the Clarke-McNary forestry aw. The trees are distributed only for farm forest and shelterbelt planting and are sold at cost. The number of trees distributed 'or farm planting showed a slight drop from last year's total, which was slightly under 22 million. Howver, state nursery production of rees for planting on state owned and was tripled, the total being 4,993,463 compared with approximately 25 million in 1933. Distribu- ion of seedlings for planting on private timber lands other than 'arms also took a sharp jump, rising rom nearly 12 y, million in 1933 to more than 26 million in 1934. Large numbers of trees were also produced iy state nurseries for planting by he civilian conservation corps. The total number of trees distributed by state nurseries, not* includ- ng stock planted by the CCC, reached 121,578,690 in 1934, compared with approximately 59 mil- ion in 1933, according to reports from co-operating states to the forest service. In the lake states, large totals of red, white and Scotch pine and white and Norway spruce were distributed. 8 Ounce Premature Girl Baby Succumbs NEW YORK, Aug. 7. eight ounce girl baby of Patrolman and Mrs. Terrence Borelli was dead today, unable to survive a birth premature by four and a half months. The child was born at 6:;!5 a. m. yesterday and placed in an incubator. It died at 6:45 p. m. T. R.'s Widow Claims G. 0. P. Coming Back BAYVILLE, N. Y., Aug. 7. US)-Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt started on her seventy-fifth year today after a birthday celebration yesterday at which she told the guests, "all we republicans are coming back to our country." Delco-Light Plants, Batteries and Parts Central Auto Electric Co. Fonnerly Central Battery £ Electric Co. Phone 4M 117 s. Delaware Ait. Incorporated Phone 1148 308 5th S. W. FARMERS ATTENTION! - CONOCO JRODUCTS- Germ Processed MOTOR OIL Conoco Bronze GASOLENE Conoco "560" DISTILLATE Meets Specifications of McCormick-Deering Tractors. WATCH OUR SERVICE Phone 4084 ROY H. LOCKE AGENT WOOL WANTED Highest Prices Paid CARL STEIN Phone 470 111 6th S. W. Dead Animals OF ALL KINDS REMOVED Mason City Rendering Co. We ray 1'hone Calls USED MACHINERY Gang Plows--all kinds. Several Tractor Plows, 2 and 3 bottom. $13 to $75. Used Tractor Cheap. Used J. D. "G. P." Tractor. Hammer Mill, like new, $45. Used De Laval Cream Separators. Several used Gasoline Engines, cheap. Used J. D. Spreader. Belle City Corn Picker. 3--J. D. Single Row Corn Pickers. 1--No. 320 Letz Mill. 1--I. H. C. Corn Shelter. 1--Ottawa Corn Sheller. 1--Western Corn Sheller. I--I. H. C. Beet Lifter. 1--J. D. Beet Lifter. 1--J. D. Model "G. P." wide tread tractor with cultivator. Cerro Gordo implement Co. I'tione 444 115 8th St. S. K. · One rain may carry away large amounts of fertile surface soil from sloping land which is bare, as is shown in the upper picture of the erosion occurring in an area of the rich Marshall silt loam in western Iowa. Any non-tilled crop will protect the land by the best crops are the clovers as they not only prevent erosion by keeping the land covered but they also enrich the land by the addition of organic matter and nitrogen, say Iowa State college extension agronomists. Such a legume crop is shown in the lower picture. Herring Posts $250 Reward for Arrest of LeClair's Slayer DES MOINES, Aug. 7. UP)--Gov. Clyde L. Herring today ordered a ;250 reward posted for the arrest and conviction of the slayer of John Le Clair, 20, Des Moines garage mechanic,, after talking with Le Clair'3 17 year old widow and his mother. The girl widow and mother, ac- companied by R. W. Brown, a friend of the family, and Robert Euritt, the widow's brother, asked the governor to post the reward. "We feel it might help bring: his slayer to justice," the mother said. Le Clair disappeared from the garage where he was employed at 1:30 a. m., July 30. His body was found in a roadside weed patch at 6:30 a. m. He had been shot to d"ea.thT*° ·*------ 1 i " -- ---· ANGUST WEATHER HOLDS HOPES FOR GOOD CORN CROP Reed Says Abundant Subsoil Moisture Probably Will Pull Crop Through. DBS MOINES, Aug. T. UP)--Favorable August weather augers well for the 1935 corn crop, Charles 0. Reed, government meteorologist, reported today. He said in his weekly crop bullet,, in that the abundant subsoil moisture from last spring's heavy rams probably will pull the crop through, the critical tasseling period, despite- July's excessive heat and lack of rain. Reports of burned tassels, rolled leaves and "white caps" continue to" come from southern Iowa. Reed said, but the crop as a whole presents a favorable outlook. Second Hottest on Kecord. Incomplete figures on July's heat indicate it was the second or third hottest July on record. Incomplete rainfall figures show an average of 3.25 inches, 87 per cent of normal. The meteorologist reported menacing outbreaks of hog cholera, in eastern Iowa,. notably in Benton, ' Buchanan, Delaware, Dubuque, Lee, . Cedar, Clinton, Jones, Jackson and Linn counties. He advised vaccination as a profitable protective measure. Late threshing returns from central and northern Iowa show higher _ yields and heavier weights . than . those previously reported but they still are below the 10 year average, said Reed. Large Timothy Acreage. He reported that most of the timothy seed crop has been harvested from an unusually large acreage, but figures on yields are not available. He cited a warning of the Eastern Iowa Veterinary association which cautioned farmers against feeding too many new oats t o . horses. "Too many oats that have not passed through the sweat may cause fatal indigestion," he said. "After almost a year without oats, horses are hungry for them, and there is a tendency for their owners ; to be over indulgent in the size of , the oats ration." THE GREATEST TRACTION TIRE EVER BUILT FOR MUDDY AND UNIMPROVED ROADS ?UST the tire you need for any kind of driving or hauling over unimproved roads. This tire pulls through mud -- sand--gumbo -- vhere ordinary tires even ·with chains would get stuck. The deep, rugged non-skid tread is scientifically designed to give maximum traction and is self- cleaning. Because the tread design is continuous, the tire rides smoothly and gives even wear. Come in and see this new tire today. Put a set on your car and truck and forget traction worries. You will fiud them the most economical investment you ever made, ·*··*·**·*· Listen to the Voice of Firestone-featuring Richard Crooks, Gladys Su-artbout or Nelson Eddy--every Monday night aver N. S. C-- WEAF Network A fhv Star Program FOR CARS TRUCKS TRACTORS AND FARM. [IMPLEMENTS THE tltw GROUND GRIP Firestone Auto Supply 8 Service Stores 115 East State Phone 766 Open Evenings Until 7 P. M. -- Sundays Until 1 P. M. 1 J

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