The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 11, 1931 · Page 3
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February 11, 1931

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 11, 1931
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FEBRUARY 11 1931 A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone No. 3800 F. MUSE.. ..Editor W. EARL, HALL Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS Business Manager MEMBEK OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS . The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local news published herein. MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE negotiations have been fruitful. Gandhi is evidently subordinating his extremist views to practical considerations, and his latest demand seems to be mainly for .a gesture of consideration on the part of the British government. As Banker Views Handling of Rockefeller Fund SUBSCRIPTION RATES Daily, per year $7.00 Daily, per week .' 15 Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier .57.00 Daily, per week by carrier..: 15 Daily, per year by mail 4.00 ;6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month...:... .50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6-months $3.25 3 months 1.75 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter Some friendships are made by nature, some by contract, some by Interest, and some by aouls.-- JEREMY TAYLOR T *» By FR ANK EPPERSON Past I resident ot tne Iowa Bankers Association HAVING had an experience of more than a quarter of a century in the banking business of Iowa, having tt its , ass ° cm . t , ed with th " state association a president and with the state banking department £n oU*n a f m , 1 i! lei i- 1 fee ,' J u a t i £ i e d ^ refuting the attack £«t °* the financial institutions of Iowa City, its officers, the state board of education and officials of ° f A CHANGE FOR THE BETTER rpHE state department has formally published a ·*· statement by Secretary Henry L. Stimson which announces that the policy adopted by the Wilson administration in its dealings with Mexico, and other nations in this hemisphere beset by revolutions, has been changed. The statement was in the form of an address delivered by the secretary to the council of foreign relations. The Wilson policy was to recognize no government which did not come to power by the procedure set forth in the laws of its country, regardless of the fact that it might be in actual complete control of the government. It was widely criticized at the time as denying the "right of revolution" to oppressed peoples. Mr. Stimson announces that Washington has reverted i to the usual international practice of recognizing any government that is in "de facto"--actual--control of affairs. This applies to all Latin. America except the Central American republics, with whom this country Is under treaty obligations to recognize no government without a constitutional foundation. It will be recalled that in the recent Guatamalan revolution the United States refused to recognize the I successful rebel leader, who because of the consequent refusal of foreign loans thereupon resigned in favor of a president chosen by the Guatemalan congress according to constitutional requirements. Since the Argentine and Brazilian revolutions had been recognized at once, this led to charges of inconsistency which Mr. Stimson explains by recalling the Central American treaty. Mr. Stimson adds that the policy of refusing to permit shipments of arms to rebel movements will be continued, as required by the Pan-American treaty I- adopted at. Havana in 1928. reversal of policy is probably good. Mr. Wil|ta;s Insistencerupou strict lealsty meant that the United States h'ad'Jtij constituteditself judge and jury in every case Jn which the revolutionary tendencies of the Latin republics broke out. In effect it made us the ally and support of existing dictators, and an agent of repressing resistance to oppression. The Stimson policy is more realistic, and is calculated to let the Latins see that we are not trying to dictate in their internal affairs. N 1 SPEED THAT INVESTIGATION OW that the form, of investigation of the University of Iowa has been decided upon, the principal ·ft need is for action. The investigation should be put under way at once and not be permitted to drag along as political activities are wopt to drag along. The good name and the welfare of a great institution are at stake. Sight must not bo lost of that fact. The senate has chosen to eliminate the set of charges which characterized the house resolution. This does not, of course, bar the committee from making whatever inquiries it may desire in whatever direction a j they may lead. At the same time the senate's action unquestionably enhances the Investigators' earnest of being unprejudiced seekers after truth as they begin their labors. Of all the factors in the case, major attention undoubtedly will fall upon the ciiarge that the university treasurer mishandled the Rockefeller fund turned over to Iowa in. advance of the stipulated dates of payment. Whether the method was technically right or wrong, tb» fact remains that the fund was increased more terest-bearing deposit. than 5160,000 by the plan. 1 TM ... The article which seems to have prompted the issue purports to be an expose of alleged irregularities concerning the income from the medical unit funds «n-H « f U -7 nSr ] ' s , ucol struction especially from that portion of it contributed by the Rockefeller foundation with especial reference and criticism directed toward Mr. McChesney, th* First National bank of Iowa City and the state board of education. Code Stresses Safe»y. TTM ^r*'? 10 1 uo£es section 3921 of the code of Iowa outlining the powers and duties of the state n°« t "J,, 0ai ?: 1 , tal Ietters M fol 'ws: "The board shall £»f · » ^ .Wliest rate of .interest consistent with safety obtainable on daily balances in the hands of the treasurer of each institution," and then calls especial attention to the word "shall" in the law and endeavors to convey the Impression that the law means 'The board shall collect the highest rate of interest obtainable etc." and completely ignores the qualifying clause therein, "consistent with safety," a clause designed to safeguard the funds by the exercise of sound judgment under any and all conditions which might bo present or arise in the administration of the trust unforseen at the time of the enactment of the law, a condition that was present and very evident in Iowa during the period in question The article then says: "There ,is nothing- in the law to indicate that the board of finance committee has any option to do other than pay interest on daily balances." The fact is, the law as quoted does not say that the board or committee shall pay interest at all but it does give the board that option to use its discretion for the safeguarding of the funds under the clause "consistent with safety." · ? '£ C . a . amlnis t*atlon of the trust in question it is admitted that not a dollar of the principal was lost that every cent of It and the income therefrom was properly accounted for, which is a generous admission of the ability and integrity of Mr. McChesney and the wisdom of the state board. It does; however, naturally raise the question: What if they had invested the funds at the "highest rate obtainable" without any regard for the clause "consistent with safety?" In case of loss of all or any part of the fund so invested they would have been absolutely absolved of any and all blame of criticism under the law "Thev shall collect the highest rate, etc." if the word' "shall* is to be interpreted as the whole of the law to the exclusion of all other portions thereof, as would the writer of the article have us believe. There is printed the daily balances as of the last day of the month from January, 1924 to March 1929 inclusive, a period of 63 months, in double column showing balances in each fund, the Rockefeller fund and the building fund which were properly kept separate by the bank for bookeeping and auditing- conveniences. The $224,727, average daily balance which is claimed to have been on deposit in the First National bank from January, 1924, to March 1929 is arrived at by adding the credit balance in each fund at the end of each month or in case of an overdraft deduct the overdraft from the credit balance to arrive at the net credit balance. In case the overdraft :larger than the chedit balance, deduct the credit balance from the overdraft to arrive at the net overdraft. When this Is done thru the 63 months shown In the table it will be found that the average daily balance of $224,727 was not on deposit five years and three months as claimed but only 4A months and further, the interest at 214 per cent per annum on $224,727 for 44 months is not $28,762 as claimed. During the other 19 months the joint funds were overdrawn for amounts ranging from $9,000 to $201,000 the average overdraft for ths IS months being approximately $90,000 or in other words, during the 63 months there were 19 separate months when the bank advanced money needed over and above the amount deposited rather than disturb the income from invested bonds or possibly disposing of them on a soft market. Concerning this item, tha Cedar Rapids Gazette makes no mention or comment, not even accusing Mr. McChesney or the First National bank of charging interest thereon, which would have been perfectly right and proper and if charged at lawful rate would have amounted to $11,400. Good Banking Practice. THE OLD HOME TOWN By Stanley ITS TRUE' GlfcL-S^THEYVE BEEN TCKSE.THER SEVEN VEA15S., AND \NHEN HE PIC.K.ED UP THIS CJTY NEWSPAPER AND SANA) NIAGARA T=Al-l-S WAS QOJAJc? TO CON5I5ATU1.AT/ONS SIM, YOURS A AND YOU DE-SERVE IT!! (5K3HTAWAV AND IT LOOKS LIKE A (50 THIS ANNOUNCE THEllS. \VEDDMC^ DATE AS SOON AS STATYON AQENT DAD ° N EXCURSION RATES To DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLBNDENING, M. D. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. ClemlenlnK cannot diagnose or plvo personal answers to letters from readers. When questions arc of fieneral interest, however, they will be tnken up, in order, in the dally column! Address your queries to ar. Logan Clentlenlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Write lenlbly and not more than 200 wor,!s :ANNERS TRY TO PRESERVE VITAMINS DAW TOMATOES contain nearly 1 per cent of pro- Av tein, half of 1 per cent of fat, and nearly 4 per cent of carbohydrate. They contain vitamins A (linked to the fat), B and C. In preparing food for commercial canning, great efforts are Being made by manufacturers to prevent loss or destruction of the essential features of the product. Especially they have made elaborate precautions to preserve the vitamin content, and have undertaken studies to show-whether canned foods ^contain vitamins or not. The methods used to keep vita mins in canned foods are several First the foods are processed in as fresh a state as possible. They are often started on the process for canning in a fresher state than · when cooking is begun in your kit- When .the First National bank positively refused to accept this fund at 2y= per cent interest it did just what any good bank, knowing the nature of the' deposit, would have done notwithstanding the statement contained in the Cedar Rapids Gazette that there were many banks in Iowa that would have been eager to pay 2% per cent per annum for a daily balance of upwards of $200,000. They might have added that there were some farmers and possibly some businessmen who would have taken some of it at 2'4 per cent, hut the hospital had to be built and paid for--the money was for that particular purpose and no other and be it to the everlasting honor of the First National bank of Iowa City that it did refuse to become a party to the commercialization of a donation for its own aggrandizement by accepting- it as an in- , Many Iowa bankers Believe tlie matter was handled 1 in the wisest possible manner, that along with providing complete safety there was an admirable record of earnings from the invested fund. One former pres- i.dent of the Iowa Bankers' association, more recently an examiner in the state banking department, has taken the position that the handling of-the fund was one of which all concerned could be proud. For purposes of familiarizing: readers with the state board's and Mr. McChesney's side of the argument, we are reproducing in the adjoining column a letter written by Frank Epperson, following the published charges against those connected with the administration of the Rockefeller fund. It was addressed to the Iowa City Press-Citizen. As for President" Jessup's personal honesty or that of any member of the state board of education, there need be no defense. .(! GANDHI SOFTENING- . rT APPEARS that Mahatma Gandhi, despite his pro- ·*· fessiona of continued ' leadership of the civil disobedience in India, is beginning to listen to British offers of the olive branch. His latest statement since being released from prison amounts to a proposal that if the British will punish the police for cruelties on Indians during the disorders of last year, and release political prisoners, he will be prepared to accept the conference scheme for dominion government of India, ''JL or at least to consider It favorably. "*'" Negotiations between Gandhi and the British gov- J ernment have been going on actively ever since the London round-table conference reached its conclusions, and it would seem bjr thla latest statement that the If the services or the First National bank, during the full period could at this time be computed and expressed in dollars and cents, it would undoubtedly show that its contribution to the cause was quite substantial and venturing an estimate based wholly on the figures as printed in the Gazette, it appears that the $101,808 received as interest on U. S. bonds and added to the Rockefeller fund was greater than would have ordinarily been received from a deposit of public funds in a bank on which the law provides a payment of Interest on 90 per cent thereof leaving 10 p'er cent of the fund as a working fund from which to meet withdrawals on which no interest is required in order to offset the cost of service. Carrying this computation further on a basis of the balances printed, it is found that average debit balance of $90,000 for 19 months when blended into a credit balance of $224,727 for 44 months results in an average credit balance for the full period of 63 months of approximately $140,000, well below the maximum free balance permitted by the law governing public funds and in this case, it must be remembered that the invested portion of the Rockefeller fund in U. S. bonds netted a return of more than 2 per cent or 2% per cent provided by law. Therefore it is quite obvious that the $161,808 interest received and accounted for was greater than 1\'- per cent on average balance would have been if the bank had accepted the deposit under those terms, and thus the law "highest rate with safety" was complied with. If the motive which prompted the writing and printing of the article was censure or criticism of Mr. McChesney or the board of education, or an endeavor to bring the First National bank into a controversy of which it does not appear to have been a party, the expended effort fell flat. On the other hand, if It was written and printed for the purpose of showing the judicious administration of the 'trust by Mr. McChesney, the state board and the First National bank of Iowa City, then the effort, while somewhat veiled in in-Tir-.in.tions, is worthy of commendation and valuabl, in that it affords an opportunity to bring out some additional facts in connection therewith which otherwise modesty would not have permitted, Dr. Clendcniny chen. There is some loss of vitamin in fruits and vegetables when they are allowed to stand, especially if they are peeled Mote important is the prevention of oxidation during- the cooking process. Heating itself docs not seem to destroy vitamins, but heating when air, or strictly speaking when oxygen is present, is destructive. During the commercial canning processes the air is removed from the small spaces in the fruits and vegetables by putting them in a vacuum. The result of this processing: on tomatoes shows that canned tomatoes have one and two-tenths per cent of protein, two-tenths per cent of fat and four per cent of carbohydrate. Conned tomatoes have as much vitamin A as raw tomatoes, less vitamin B, and as much vitamin C. Tomato juice, lately so popular does not apparently resist the canning process so well. Several experiments are on record, some of which show it has lost much of its vitamin C content. Others indicate that it retains a good deal, but none report that it retains as much as the raw product. It is possible to modify the process so that canned tomato juice will not lose any of its vitamin C content, and doubtless manufacturers will introduce such methods, if the habit of using it continues to grow In popularity. The method of making these studies is feeding experiments on animals. Rats or guinea pigs are used. Every food which might contain vitamin C is eliminated from the animals' food except the canned tomatoes. A certain amount, sufficient to prevent scurvy if the product were raw, ts given daily over a long period of time: If no scurvy develops it is assumed no vitamin C was destroyed by the process. These studies are convincing that canned tomatoes are as, nutritious and valuable as raw tomatoes. Other canned fruit, such as pears, peaches, etc., have also been found to retain their vitamin content under modern conditions of processing canned foods. EDITOR 1 *: NOW:: Tour pamphlets and four articles by Tic. ClenrlcnltiB can now be obtained by ncmllng 10 cents In coin for each pamphlet nnil 2 cents In cnln for each article, with a self-aoMres.scd. stamped envelope, to Dr. Logan Clen- deninj;, In earn oC th[n paper, or Central Press Association, 1-135 Kast Twelfth street, Cleveland, Ohio. The pamfvlilets nre: "Jieduclnfr am! Gnlnlns," "Infant FtetHng." "Instructfons for the Treatment of Diabetes" and "Femlnlno Hyf-lene." Tho artletc.1 are: "Normal Met," "Diet of the Bxpeclnnt Mother," "Tuberculosis" nnii "The Atonic Abdominal Wall." JUST FOLKS -asr- ~ By KDfiAll A. OUES1 SHAM They looked upon him as a granite rock, Mighty, forbidding-, silent, stern and grim- Solid, as tho he had no passing whim; Unchanged he seemed to come thru every shock Gales blew about him, but he seemed to mock Their fitful rages. In the twilight dim Watching the sunset at the western rim He stood as if no beauty could unlock The rugged breast which held the heart of him. Yet sometimes when his friends could never know And those he would not tell could never see, In tenderness and pity he would go To share another's hour of misery. Men thot him cold, but many a kindness proved The great rock held a soul and could be moved! | ONE MINUTE PULPIT--The Lord is gracious, and full of compassion; slow to anger, and of great mercy. The Lord is good to all; and his tender mercies are over all his worksi--Psalm, oxlv, 8, D. EARLIER DAYS " C|IIB ,?.,. 1 " Ily Com l lll 1 l»n nt Inlcrrnllnc Items from Clio - , -Iwenty \cnts Ago" Flics of tho Glnljfi-Ouzctle. I'RR. II, ]OH "The Fortunes of Mickey" were discussed and from him as a text a score or more of good sermons were preached by Judge Benjamin B. Lindsey, the fighting juvenile jurist of Denver, Colo., who spoke to a large audience at the Wilson, opera house last evening The number was one of the Y. M. C. A. series for the season. The distinguished jurist so far as appearance on the platform was concerned did not put up a good showing, at least that was the Impression at the outset but after he got into his address this was forgotten and the audience became deeply in sympathy with the man and what he has been trying to do. The judge did not advocate the discontinuance of the prison nor of the reformatory nor the juvenile court for on the other hand he thot these institutions were necessary and would become more necessary in the coming years than ever before for the speaker prophesied a higher mark yet in the flood of juvenile crime. But he contended that there were better ways in nearly every case than that of dire punishment for the correction ofTioy criminals. Several reasons were given by Judge Lindsey for juvenile crime. He spoke of the psychology of the matter and the physical aspects. He believed physical defeats have much to do with it. The surroundings of the liome, the school and the church entered into the question and the bad home was likely to produce the bad boy. Not a word was said about heredity and probably it bears no part in the matter. Judge Lindsey left the city at 2:30 o'clock for Iowa Falls where ho speaks tonight. The annual meeting- of the Iowa State Drainage association will be in Mason City Tuesday of the coming week for a two days' session. Samuel H. Lea, state engineer for South Dakota; James A. King, Charles City; Professor Stevenson, Ames: Professor Marston, Ames; J. M. Blake, Webster, and W. H. Kilpack, Council Bluffs, are among the, speakers. Leroy Stoddard arrived home Thursday evening from Madison, where he attends school and will be the guest of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Stoddard, over Sunday. Mesdames Pool and Dakin were hostesses this afternoon to a number of friends at their home on the corner of Superior and Fifth streets. Cards furnished the diversion and a delightful time was enjoyed. Professor Cady will meet with the union band members on Sunday afternoon for the purpose of rehearsal. Last Sunday there were 20 present and it is expected that this number will be increased to at least 30 at tomorrow's meeting. Tomorrow is the second birthday anniversary of little Joel Hirsch, son of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Hirsch of West Ninth street, and so his grandmother, Mrs. Schlesinger, Hampton, arrived in this city this afternoon and also Mrs. Schlesinger of Chicago to help him celebrate the occasion. Joel will start in the social whirl rather young in life as he expects to be host tomorrow to a dinner party. On next Friday evening in the gymnasium of the high school the Mason City boys basketball team will meet the Webster City boys team. The team has been doing some preparatory work and they expect to put up a good fight. Elsie Jordan, who formerly lived here and who won much popularity thru the use of a charming voice, is Sere from her home in St. Paul, Neb., for a visit at the home of Mrs. R. E. Pauley, River heights. Q. Docs a president read his messages to congress? T. C. A. No. He sends them to be read. Q. I'lcnso give the ages of l)emj- sey, Strlbllng, Sclimeling, Shurkcy, and Camera. C. H, A. Dempsey, 35; Stribling, 2G; Schmeling-, 25; Sharkcy, 28; Carnera, 27. Q. Is there a Chamber of Commerce in Mexico City? S. C. C. A. Two, American and Camera Naclonal de Mexico. Q. How muny bird sanctuaries in CanadaTM B. S. A. More than 40, from Nova Scotia to British Columbia. Some of the provincial governments also maintain similar reserved areas for the bcneft of native bird life. Q. Is Leningrad or Moscow Russia's capital? M. C. 1 A. Moscow. Q. Has n Michigan man discovered a m*ins of getting electricity from the uir for lighting his home? A. The bureau of standards is not familiar with any method of obtaining electricity from the air for lighting the home. Q. Is a Troy ounco or an avoirdupois ounce heavier? T. S. A. Troy. It weighs 480 grains, while an avoirdupois ounce weighs 43 7% grains. An avoirdupois ounce is the heavier tho. Q. What Is tho nnme of this geological period? P. o. A. The Hajpcene. It extends from about 20,000 B. C. to the present time. Q. What iiorccndigo of jrross sales can drug- stores ufford io pav for rent? W.. S. N. A. The department of commerce says that for all drug stores the percentage runs from 3.65 to 4.85 of gross sales as rental allowance. The range of figures represents the. variance on account of geographical position and volume of business transacted. Q. Would a tank full of compressed air bo more buoyant than a tank containing air at normal pressure? H. B. A. Air has weight. When air is compressed the weight is increased. Filling a ( tank with compressed air makes it heavier and less buoyant. BO-BROADWAY YQUR'E THE JUDGE O LD EZRA. NICKLE was wearied over his farming. He thot that he might rent his farm out and move n with his eldest son in another town. So he looked around for n possible tenant. In time he met Hick Pebbles, whom he knew slightly, and Hick expressed a desire to rent that farm. Ezra was willing to let Hick have it, but ho had his doubts concerning Hick's ability to pay the rent. So he asked Hick to get a guarantor to sign a paper guaranteeing to Ezra the prompt payment of the rent each quarter. Hick moved In and payed rent regularly 'for a :ime, but after a while he did stop paying, just as Ezra had feared. Ezra called upon the guarantor and was given a check for the unpaid account. But when Ezra, a day or so later, took the check to the bank, le learned that payment on it had been stopped. Ezra filed suit against the guarantor on the check and recovered a judgment therefor, but the judgment never was satisfied. Ezra was in despair, and on the advice of his lawyer he filed suit against Hick, his en ant. In court Hick argued that because Ezra had received the check from the guarantor he could not now sue Hick, but should sue the guarantor. How would you decide this case? Make up your mind before you rend the decision. Thn decision: Tho court held nsnlnsl Tllck. The Jurlpcs reasoned thus: Tho check wa.i not by Itself a satisfaction of the tlcht. it wa.i a oDcmtonal payment, conditioned upon Ita being negotiable Joe oub. ! "By JOSEPH MEW YORK, Feb. ll._p e ggy A ' Joyce, chief of America's Blondes Preferred, after 20 years of marriage to seven husbands, advises women questing attractiveness to get all the sleep they can. "I . sleep a lot," says Peggy. 'Not, of course, always during the night. Sometimes I don't get up till it's time to dress for dinner and go Out again. But sleep is sleep, whether the sun Is shining or not. Never permit anything to interfere with that." Sleeping till dinner time and then faring forth, bears out the old Broadway adage: "Early to bed, early to rise--and you'll never meet any prominent people." «r\UIET" DAY AT ASTOR--A \£ fact not generally known Is that in one year, at the Hotel Astor, more banquets are served than in any other single establishment on earth. Its facility in this direction is almost miraculous. Four mouths ago, in 24 hours, from noon to noon, the following schedule was handled without a slip: Five hundred women fluttered in at 12 o'clock lor a luncheon, dance. At 2 p. m. the tables were dowi the carpet up, the floor cleared auc waxed for dancing, and a platform but. I for the orchestra. The women checked out at 5 p. ni. An hour later the room was renovated, remodeled, reset for 1,500 of "The Grand Street Boys" with Alfred E. Smith in the vanguard. At 11 p. m. it was cleared for dancing, another orchestra platform Was erected and the party broke up at 4 a. m. The holisaman, carpenters and the rest kept up their pace. In two hours they had the ballroom ready for the annual New York Police Department Holy Name society breakfast. That got under way at H a. m., with 5,500 there, and continued until past noon. The crews took it easy- then cleared up after the 5,500 and merely dawdled to be ready at 6 p m for 2,000 others at the Ninth Masonic District dinner. OUPERLATIVE AFFAIRS--The ·J police affair was the world's biggest breakfast. The world's biggest luncheon was held at the same hotel in 1S29 for Premier Ramsay MacDonalcl, 5,100 were on hand. The biggest dinner wag for VAN IMAM the 27th Division fresh from France; 8,000 attended in the grand ballroom and suite. r. r. v DROGRESS MINUS HARMONY 1 --And in the same town where such things are possible, the task of simplifying the function of living-, progresses uninterruptedly. Mechanical substitutes are daily being devised ^for every human need. The latest is an automatic grocery In your own apartment liouse, responding to the click of an inserted coin and disgorging canned goods, meats anil vcg-etables. Science does everything for the New York home except hold It together. ~ THE EDITOR'S MAIL BAG WHAT THE BIOLOGIST KNOWS MASON CITY, Feb. 11.--It you think England has "got it in" for tho United States, consult a biologist. He can tell you all about this "we hate 'em because we don't know 'em, and we don't know "em. because we bate 'em complex.:that goes with every, tribe;.The biOIogii^'" Q dietitian, and the old family Doc) could formulate a beter civilization than the world has ever seen. Tho Nobel prize committee must have had access to one. They know that thero are just as many Babbits, more Elmer Gantrys, and tho ways of Main Street are just the same 'in, Indin, China, Japan, England, France, Germany, Thibe and Timbuktu, or wherever Sinclair Lewia is translated, as in the middlewcst. Furthermore, while considering- Lewis, If he has ten readers where other writers who could score higher, like a rooster at a fair, hava only two and n half, he is four times as valuable to the world at large which this committee is considering The biologist will tell you that ns ime, in a soiir soil, liberates tha Food elements for the use of the )lant, the books of Lewis release :ho common sense that is tied up y ignorance, superstition, and cheap religion, thereby giving thn mind a chance to gi-ow and adapt tself to other minds. The biologist knows a lot of hings. Gosh! He knows that WB mvc Jews in this country that ought to be president. FRANK E. HOARE. Who's Who and Timely Views AMERICANS "SPIRITUALLY HOMELESS" By 'A. II. SILVER Knhlii, Tho Temple, Cleveland, Ohio. _- ... _»,,, .,,., i..,, Jtli .i,,, u- k^LcviMuiMi. uiirinr tlin \vnr Ilio French Kovernmcnt for Ills .icrvjccs In Fruncc if.- li n ' OMMONPLACE and tolerance, individualism and moral certitude, which characterized America as a people in 1914, have declined, while tho old crusading zeal for democracy a n d faith In the economic setup have vanished. We today are children of two worlds, and in that sense spiritually homeless. We are children of the vf o r 1 d that is to follow. T h e transition has not had time to give us the sustaining i n f l u - tranauT n" R/.BB.AH.SHVER ing- and for tranquil thinking. We have already lost some of the compensations of the old world. Complacence--people across the seas used to call it smugness--· seems to have vanished. Before we were at peace with ourselves. We had faith in our democratic government, felt that it presented the ultimate In political philosophy. We know that there was political corruption, but we said, "Boys will be boys, and politicians will bo graf- Jf£V so vvliy nialce great ado over Eco-^mically, everyone was potentially rich--rich if he got all the lucky bretiks. Socially, there was enough of the camaraderie of the pioneer still left to make us believo m -social equality and tolerance. We were satisfied with our way of life and our cultural background, even a bit patronizing of the old world. We are not so complacent in 1931, I'm sure. Almost on the heels of the war, there set in n tidal wave of self-criticism. One need only mention the name of Sinclair Lewis and his followers. Then came another school--H. L. Mencken and his cohorts of f flcn angels who set up their own crusade for the "llebunking" of American life. We stood for so much that Bernard Shaw thot we enjoyed being abused. As a result of all this, there has come into American life a certain restlveness. To offset the many losses, amazing scientific gains accompanied by; scientific idealism that is magnificent, have been recorded, with increasing- international understanding, pence-mindcdness and an unprecedented "hunger after beautiful," expressed in cities themaelve^ in architecture and iii music,

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