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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, AUGUST 7 H| .1935 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE Aft A. U. LEE NHU'Sl'APEll Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS - w. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLOYD L. GEER Â· - - Publisher Managing Editor - - City Editor Advertising Manager biennial session at Moscow recently, blazed with ful- minatlons against Hitler and the nazis. Germany has lost a mighty good customer, who has, moreover, made common cause with the French. Day : and night shifts in the armament factories, consuming the government's resources in ways which do not bring prosperity to the average German, are no answer to Dr. Schaeht'g. complaints. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRKSS which 19 exclusively entitled to the lit* tor publication or all news plspatchea credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper, and all local Dews. MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOC1AT:ON, with Des Molnes news and business offices at 405. Shops Building, SUBSCRIPTION KATES Ufison City and Clear jLake. by the weeH EE $ .10 Mason City and Clear Lake, Dy tne year $7.00 OUTSIDE MASON C1TX AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier S7.0Q By mall 6 months 52.25 Per week by carrier s .15 By mall 3 monuis $1 25 Pert year by mall $4.00 By mall 1 month ....... $ .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILK ZONE Per year Stf.OO Six months,,-. S3 CO Threo months. .JI.73 LET'S FACE THE FACTS DROF. THEODORE W. SCHULT2, head of agricul- * tural economics at Iowa State college, is author of a thought-provoking treatise entitled "Vanishing Farm Markets and Our World Trade," recently issued as a "world affairs pamphlet" by the Carnegie endowment for international peace. In it the Ames man considers the American agricultural problem in its relation to our country's foreign trade policy, especial- PERTJNENT or IMPERTINENT ly with respect to tariff restraints. In large measure the case is an apology for the policies and methods put into effect by the contemporary department of agriculture. The triple A and | lobbyist its processing tax is viewed as a temporary expedient, set up as an agricultural offset against the tariff system. The author's views on this question have an amazing coincidence with those of Henry Wallace, as is apparent in the following questions with regard to the triple A: "Is it not true that processing taxes, as they are used by the AAA, are the logical, perhaps inevitable, counterpart of high tariffs in an economy that follows a foreign trade policy of maximum restriction on incoming trade? "Does it not follow that a policy of tariff sul*- sidies for those who do not produce in excess of domestic requirement must eventually lead to benefit payments for those who are dependent upon selling- a part of their crops and wares abroad?" While seemingly aware of the fact that other nations have geared up their productive machinery for If we had any reputation as a prophet to uphold we probably wouldn't be so willing to predict that tnere will be no formal coalition of democrats and republicans in 1936 to defeat the new dealers. "What's the Matter With Congress?" asks a Minnesota editor in an editorial heading. Here we seem to have the logical successor to that old query, "Who Won the War?" "Mrs. Roosevelt Dominates Women's Division of Democratic Party," says a magazine heading. "Why restrict it to the women's division?" some will be mean enough to ask, There appears no basis for the report that lavish government spending has made a. new dealer out of Comptroller McCarl. Poor old California! Her politicians invite in a flood of indigents and then the taxpayers have to care for them. It should occasion no tariff argument to suggest that United States does not need to import any more criminals. One North Iowa editor fears those new fractional cent coins will go hard on church collections. Contemporary synonyms: Under-secretary and DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT OTHER VIEWPOINTS ECONOMY IN DEPORTATIONS Fort Dodge Messenger: A measure of economy which President Roosevelt has taken recently is the commutation of the sentences of 151 alien convicts, including one woman, t effective upon dates set for deportations to their homelands. Under this policy other groups of criminals will be freed to be sent out of this country as fast as the attorney general's office, through review of cases, finds them eligible to go. The economy comes in the reduction of federal prison expense and congestion. THAT TEXAS SQUABBLE Algona Advance: Recently the Young Democrats of Iowa, in convention- assembled, staged a metaphorical knockdown and dragout, and later came word of ,, , . . . . , i. t . , , self-containment, if not for an actual exportation of similar doiDg3 in Texas _ Down iheTe they were figflt . surplusage, Professor Schultz as the concluding ob- ing about President Roosevelt's alleged plans to reservation of his treatise says: "A more liberal foreign trade policy would reduce the necessity of generally curtailing agricultural products. It would facilitate a more normal cost and price pattern. Its long run economic effects would be significant, positive and desirable." We have no quarrel with triple A as a measure vamp the U. S: constitution to suit himself and the brain trusters--and right in the presence of the president's sons, Elliott and James, too. There must be some Jefferson democrats left in the Lone Star state. C. M. T. C. DISCIPLINE LAUDED Garner Leader: It is a wonderful experience for young man to put in one or more years at a Koqo /Â· WHO RULEP OVER. OBSERVING -'ALL ASHORE- AND NOT ALL ABOARD* \$ -THE WARNING ' Â· G I V E N -To NEWFOUNDLAHD SEALERS -fo C(Z.r ABOARD THEIR SHIP Copyright, 1935, by Central Press Association, Inc. Â· S'7 DIET and HEALTH Dr. deadening, cannot diagnose or .give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions aro of general Interest however, they will be taken up, in order. In the dally column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan Clendenlne, care of The Ciiooe-Gazette. Write legibly and not more than 200 words. By LOGAN standing on its own merits. But we weary of hearing M. T. C. A boy has the privilege of attending 30 day Mr. Wallace and his little band of economists refer | sessions once each year for four years. It is not necessary that he attend any given number.of years, but every young man should serve at least one year in military camp. A boy gets a line of discipline there that he cannot. get elsewhere, something that should be beneficial to him in later years. to it as an "off-set" or a "counterpart" to the tariff. The fact is that the tariff is as essential to agriculture as it-is to.industry. It as much the protector against .or ijeasinitiy^fpr.the farmer as it is the protector: against the equivalent of slavery for the industrial worker. Remove the tariff wall and every line of American farming would be in ruinous competition with a world surplus. What has caused this may be debated but the fact of it isn't open to argument. For Professor Schultz to predicate his reasoning on an assumption that the world markets can be opened to America through manipulation of the tariff, or by free trade, seems to us to be an ignoring of all the realities of the situation. Abnormalities incident to the World war once gave us an enormously expanded market, as it probably would again. A worldwide drought, except in the United States, might do the same. But these conditions are not- among the predictables. All that's foreseeable indicates that a world which has been gearing itself to self-sufficiency will tend toward an extension of that program, not a relinquishment. It would be more honest and more realistic for American agriculture to continue cutting its cloth to the American pattern without apology than to go on yapping about a world market which is lost beyond the hope of recovery except for the few commodities in which this country has a climate or soil advantage incapable of being wiped out by the lower living standards which prevail throughout the remainder of the world. . TREAT IN STORE FOR YOUNGSTERS George Bowers in Alton Democrat: Just to prove i're with the railroads, doggoned if we won't buy a round trip to Hawarden the first chance we get, and take a ride on "the cars" again just to refresh fond memories. Yep, clear to Hawarden, and back, by gum! With five children in our home, only one has ever ridden in a railroad train, and the oldest has only had one long ride--to Le Mars and back! MAXBE HOOVER WAS RIGHT Â· Britt News-Tribune: During the campaign of 1932 President Hoover made the prediction in a Des Moines address that if Roosevelt was elected grass would grow in the streets. Grass is growing in the pavement on U. S. 18 at places where workmen drilled holes through the concrete and forced dirt underneath to raise the pavement where it had settled. FOR A REAL DRIVER'S TEST Spencer Reporter: Many holders of licenses, who gained their present permits without examination, by virtue of having held a permit under the old law, also should be put through an examination. The gaining of a permit under the old law involved nothing more complicated than a mere filling in of an application blank. HITLER PRESTIGE WANES TT IS 'a little difficult to determine whether what is happening in Germany is a diversion created by the nazi regime to give its violent followers outlet for their discontent, or whether it is actually the eruption of dissatisfied'elements which'have-grown-im-- patient with Hitler's increasing conservatism, and the continued failure to make good on promises of economic improvement. Whatever the truth, it is a bad business for the Jews and Catholics, and the government seems to be having extraordinary difficulty in controlling the disorders. Of course, if they privately are encouraging the demonstrations, the explanation of their continuance is much more simple. There is no question that Germany is having serious economic difficulty. Hitler's prestige, enormously enhanced by defying the allies to and single-handedly scrapping the Versailles treaty military clauses, and by his naval recognition from England, is beginning to dwindle as the German people realize that a. brand new army and a place of power in the political councils of Europe does not bring down the cost of living, add to employment or regain Germany's lost foreign markets. Hjalniar Schacht, economic dictator of Germany, whom even Hitler must listen to, spoke some plain words at a recent meeting of nazi leaders. He advised less drum beating about Aryan supremacy, demanded an immediate cessation of the outrages against Jews and Catholics, and called attention to the precarious state of German business with the rest of the world. How serious is the situation may be gleaned from the fact that Germany is offering, even begging, Russia to accept a large long-term loan, in place of the short-term credits for Russian purchases which she Insisted upon a year ago. Russia is not placing orders In Germany, even to use her established credit, and Germany needs the business. It is significant that the new head of the Komin- tern, the world organization for the spread of communism, is none other than the Hungarian communist whom the Germans tried in vain to convict of setting fire to the reichstag buildings. The Komintern, in CANDIDATES HARD TO FIND Titonka Tdpic: The Grassrooters, Crusaders and Liberty Leaguers, altogether, are having a hard time to find a candidate for president of the United States to fight Roosevelt'at the-next'general election. It is only a few months away until political sentiment must crystalize for all political parties for the next campaign. LIVE AND PAY SOUR TAXES! ; Hampton Chronicle: A man who tried to commit suicide by jumping into the river was saved by a passerby. Upon recovering his breath the saved man blurted out that he wished the other would mind his qwn business.."I.am," v;as the quic.k reply. "You must live and pay taxes like the rest of us have to do!" EDITORIAL SCANDAL MONGERS New Hampton Tribune: Any scandal sheet is popular with some people. Usually its editor should be' in a psychopathic hospital rather than trying to assassinate -reputations' of others'. M. D.~ NEEDS NO ENERGY FOODS THE diet for the overweight and the underweight 1 should meet all of the requirements of a normal 3iet. These requirements are, as we have been saying :his week, as follows: The diet must (1) furnish enough energy to keep the body going; (2) furnish enough material for growth and re~" placement of tissue waste; (3) furnish enough water, inorganic mineral salts and vitamins; (4) maintain the neutrality of the body; (4) SHOULD furnish enough bulk; (6) SHOULD be digested without discomfort. ; The only change that we must make for the overweight person is that his total energy requirement is not as large as his weight would indicate. The total daily energy requirement' is calculated at. about 20 calories a pound a day. Inasmuch as from 25 to 100 pounds of Dr Clendeninsr tlle overweight person are unnecessary and do not have to be furnished energy, no calories need be calculated for them. In fact, not only do they not have to be furnished energy, but since we are trying to lose them, the very object of the diet is to cut their energy off. Furthermore, this fat tissue can be used for fuel by the body, so that we may even calculate it as part of the food that is being used. The diet for overweight, therefore, should be from 1,000 to 2,000 calories less than that for a normal person. In this connection it is worth while emphasizing that in order to reduce successfully one has to know at least something about the amounts of food, even if the caloric value of the food is not carefully estimated. For instance, I find a diet recommended as follows: 1 glass of grapefruit and prune juice, fresh scrambled eggs, thin whole wheat toast, honey, freshly made coffee. The diet is all right except that it says nothing about how much of anything. If you eat enough grapefruit and prune juice you are liable to run your caloric intake up pretty high. It does not say how many fresh scrambled eggs, but "eggs" means-at least two, and two make a caloric value of nearly 200. It doesn't say how much thin whole wheat toast. It may be thin, but how thin, and how many slices. It doesn't say how much honey. There is no use trying ' kind of a reducing diet. EARLIER DAYS Being n Dally Compilation of Interesting Hems frgm 1 Twenty nnd Thirty Years Ago Flies of the Globe-Ga: Thirty Years Ago-Dr. and Mrs. J. W. McCreery of Whittemore were guests in the city yesterday. D. W. Norris, Jr.. editor of the Marshalltown Times-Republican, visited in the city yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Decker and family have returned from a visit at their summer home at Torch Lake near Alden, Mich. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Kelley have returned from a visit with relatives at Kendalls, Wis. Supt. W. W. Collins is in Chicago transacting business for a few days. Miss Westwick of Tarkio, Mo., is in the city the guest of Mrs. P. A. Redfern. Dr. J. T. Crippen of Cornell college is in the city and will occupy the' Methodist pulpit next Sunday. The police rounded up 10 drunks and assessed the usual fines yesterday^ W. J. Holahan has returned from an extended trip to Winnipeg, Canada. am intrigued by the plan about to be tried out in Milto make impressive upon motprists the major traffic dangers. The judiciary committee of the common council has recommended that death crosses painted on sign boards shall be set up upon the streets of Milwaukee where fatal accidents have occurred. The belief ia that the crosses which are to be red in color upon a white background will keep forcibly before the eyes of automobile drivers the dangers of negligent driving These warning signs will be a constant reminder that death may follow the careless operation of automobiles. If the signs lessen Milwaukee traffic accidents, other cities will likely adopt them. Any scheme that will lesson automobile tragedies will be quickly adopted. fffff^ received this pretty compli- SfigP ment to Mason City's munj- *^^ cipal band from R. R. Roberts, able editor of the Britt NewsTribune: "I want to say a word about your fine Mason City municipal band Have been over twice on Sunday evenings to hear them. They rank with King's band of Fort Dodge and I heard one Britt man say he thought they were even better. Others over Sunday evening from Britt were Supt. L. J. Thies and family. Dean W. C. Harvey and family of Britt junior college and public schools, and Dr. K. R. Rogers and family. They all enjoyed the concert and say they are going back for more later on." For a long time I've suspected that Mason City's own businessmen were the persons least aware of our great municipal organization- which they are helping to support by taxation. The verity of this was impressed on me at the Country club Monday night when the band provided the entertainment for the service club golf dinner. A dozen business.and professional .men,admitted to me that they hadn't been out to East park for a concert this year, some of them never. The knowledge that busy men are driving here from long distances to hear our band should serve to wake us to" the "entertainment which lies so close in hand for us who live in Mason City. By the way, there's a band concert in East park this very night. --o--. JBB^ haven't met up with it as Itlp 5 ' yet if there is a Mason City _ ^^ name with more letters in it than that of Demitrios Papakon- stantinos, who resides at 633 'Van Buren avenue southwest. ^_^ grabbed the following arti- tjBi cle by Will Rogers from tha 40?'" first page of H. B. Coleman's Luverne News, in a rule box on first page--the rule resembling strangely a mourning band: "Take my ham away, take away my eggs, even my chili, but leays me my newspaper. Even if it just has such purely local news as 4 Jim Jones came home last night unexpectedly and bloodshed ensued,' or Â·Jesse Bushyhead, our local M. D., is having one of the best years of his career, practically speaking-but they just won't pay him when they get well.' 'The county seat was packed yesterday with prominent visitors from out of town, attempt- Ing to renew their notes,' and 'Election ain't far off and everybody is up for office that can sign an application blank.' "Now all that don't seem much news to you. But it is news to you, especially when you know the people and they are your own folks. So no matter how punk you might think your local paper is getting, why just take it away from you and see how you feel. The old newspaper, I think, is just about our biggest blessing. "So let's all read and be merry, for tomorrow the paper may not have enough ads in it to come out." --o-- JgJSv heard a spirited discussion Isfp the other day on the sub*-^^ ject of utilizing for law- enforcement work individuals who bring to their task a rich background of law-breaking. The best thought on the subject, to my mind, came from one participant in the discussion who argued by anecdote. He recalled the story of Sambo who was called upon to explain his phenomenal success in finding strayed animals and said: "Ah jest asks myself: 'Sambo, where would you all go if you was a jackass?' Then Ah goes there and sure enough, there's the mule.' " The law enforcer, this man ar- jued, has a real asset if out of experience at the receiving end he can both ask and answer the questions of the law-breaker. Twenty Years Ago -LONDON-- Holding the bridgeheads at Warsaw, over the Vistula' river, the most formidable military obstacle in eastern Europe, Austria-Hungary and German troops are now throwing their forces forward in an endeavor to accomplish what Russia's armies have so far feared -- the complete envelopment of the Russian armies. BROWNSVILLE. Texas-- Three men fighting 20 Mexican outlaws killed three of the bandits in a battle near Brownsville yesterday. One Texan was slightly wounded in the battle which lasted not more than 10 seconds. WASHINGTON-- General Carranza today notified Secretary Lansing that he was willing to meet his adversaries in a peace conference. Mrs. Fred Nelson and daughter, Thelma, left today for Madison, Wis., where they will visit for two weeks. Douglass Narron left today for a visit with friends in Rockford, 111., and St. Louis, Mo. Roy Ferguson left last night for Oklahoma Citv Okla., to visit his father. Miss-Nellie. Clark has returned from .Osakia, Minn where she has been visiting with relatives for the past three weeks. that Ethiopia, along 'i with being the easier to spell and pronounce, is preferred :o Abyssinia. It bears the official sanction of the Ethiopian government. The name is from the Greek, meaning land of the burnt-face peo- )le. From earliest times it was used y classical Greek writers to refer 'Â·e; all lands inhabited by dark- kinned people. Abyssinia is delved from the Arabic word "Ha- besha," meaning confusion and has "ome to connote mongrel. ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By FREDERICK J. HASKIN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON A reader can get the aoawer to an* question of fact by writing the Clube- Gazette Information Bureau, Frederic J Haskin. Director, Washington, D. C. flease Ineluse three (3) cents for reply! to fool yourself on that QUESTIONS FROM READERS N. D.: "Why does the tendency to scaly skin improve in the summer?" Answer: The principal reason is that there is more perspiration which keeps the skin soft. The induction of perspiration in the winter, therefore, should be beneficial. Hot baths and sweat baths, with avoidance of soap, are recommended. Dedicated to the raqse of BrlnRlns the Joy and Inspiration Â° G Â°Â°" Verne Inlo the Lives of Bank and File loirans. 'By LOU JIALLORT LUKE, Hampton' 7ONA GALE belongs to the very small'company of LJ American women novelists whose work is of the first artistic importance. Of old New England parentage, she was born in Portage, Wis.; in 1874. When she was 13 she wrote - a novel which came back to her almost as soon as she had written it. Miss Gale was once a star reporter on the New York World. Her first newspaper article was accepted when she was 16 by the Milwaukee Evening Wisconsin, which paid her $3. Miss Gale's persistence won a position for her on this paper. At the end of two weeks the editor let her write about a flower show. Nothing she has written since has such emotion. Not until she was 29 did she land anywhere "to speak of," though for 10 years she had constantly submitted stories. In 1911 Miss Gale took first prize in the Delineator short story contest with the tale called "The American Dawn." Her Miss Lulu Bett, a best-seller novel, was rejected by six magazine editors as a serial. The crisply-told little novel of the household drudge and her fortunes went into one edition after another; a play from the novel was sought and Miss Gale fashioned it herself. It won the Pulitzer prize in A. K.: "(1) Is it true that a child cannot inherit any sickness that its mother contracted? (2) Concerning twins--is it possible for both to bear children?" Answer: (1) Children can contract disease whether_the parents have it or not. (2) Both members of a pair of twins are always fertile except for such conditions as 1 cause-sterility in other persons. This applies to both male and female twins. Xen Tears Ago-E. F. Heckman, 212 Fifth street northwest, labor superintendent for the American Beet Sugar corporation, will soon move to Denver, Colo., where he will assume Ms new duties as general labor superintendent for the "same company. Mr. and Mrs. B. C. Keeler and son, Fred, left yesterday for. the east on an extended visit.. George Bowen of Los Angeles, Cal., is in Mason City visiting relatives and friends. Mr. and Mrs. John Manley and child of Cincinnati Ohio, are visiting at the Manley home, 1033 Second street southwest, for several days. Mr. and Mrs. James Rae and son, William, who have spent the past week on an eastern auto trip returned to -the city today. James Whalen left yesterday for California, where he will spend a several months' vacation Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Stubbs and daughter, Harriett have returned from a trip to the southern part of the state. Does a lawn mower employ free wheeling? H, H. The principle is exemplified. The cutting blades are so attached that they revolve when the machine is pushed forward, but do not revolve when the lawn mower is pulled.back. What weapons were carried by each member of the Boston tea party? M. M. Each "Indian" carried a pistol hatchet and an axe. What is a lay reader? L. L. In _ the Protestant Episcopal and Anglican churches he is a layman licensed to take part in public worship. The incumbent can permit anyone to read the lessons, but for authority to read prayers a license from the bishop is required. Is mahogany extensively used the new supreme court buildimr? rp Â· o The bench is of Cuban mahogan This is the only instance of the us of this wood in the building. Who used the expression abou General Jackson which earned him les out of the mere antiquarian stage and to make them a valuable auxiliary in anthropological and ethnological investigations. Who was Jack Ketch? C. F. An English executioner, who acquired notoriety as the clumsv executioner of Lord Russell and the Duke of Monmouth. Subsequently his name hag been a synonym for an executioner. To what is due appearance of water on the surface of an asp road just over a rise ahead of you when driving on such a road? J r Â· ,, fa !? close to an asphalt road is heated considerably above that of the rest of the atmosphere due to absorption of heat by asphalt inches above the road there is very sharp temperature T. 1920. THE SECRET WAY Then softly she; I may not tell What other eyes behold in mine. But I have melted night and day In some wild wine! I may not read the graven cup. Exhaustless as a brimming- well, Distilling silver, but I drink And all is well. --Reprint 7- By- J. J. MUNDY WHAT DO YOUR SERVANTS THINK? COME men are courteous only to those whom they O consider their equals or their superiors. To others they are positively rude, making no effort to be fair or kind. The real gentleman or the true lady is always gracious and polite. Persons accustomed to servants and the station in life which entitles them to service are never arrogant in talking to their em- ployes. They give instructions--not demands or commands. It takes a born underling to shout orders of give haughty commands. In society there are those who appear to be the personification of gracious manners until they give orders to a servant. It is surprising to watch the change in facial expression, it is amusing to note the difference in tone of. voice and general attitude when addressing a servant. It cannot be expected that the same manners should be used toward a servant as toward a guest, but there should not be the extreme difference as seen in some households. It is a matter of difference in breeding in those who reserve their good manners for special persons and occasions and those who are gracious to all. IN HISTORY ONE-MINUTE PULPIT--Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves. --Philippians 2:3. I Gen d , e0 P artmcnt 39. the sobriquet, Stonewall ? P. S. . General B. E. Bee at the firs battle of Bull Run. General Bee wa fatally wounded in the rally whic followed. Who first used the word anaesthe tics? A. F. First employed by Dr. olive Wendell Holmes. How high above sea lever is thi white house? A. S. As it faces Pennsylvania avenue it is 60 feet above sea level. The ground slopes rapidly and the south front of the building has Ion] flights of steps to the lawn. What is the official name of the gambling establishment at Monti Carlo? E. W. It is called The Association of the Watering place and Strangers' club of Monaco. Was Olive Fremstad. Metropolitan soprano, born In this country? E. S. Born in Sweden and came to this country at the age of 12 with her parents. What is kangeroo rat? T. M. A rat of the arid southwestern U. S. with very long legs and graa: leaping powers belonging to the family Heteromyidae. Where was the land of Gcnnesar- ct? M. B. The locality was a small plain on the western shore of the Sea of Gal- Â· ilee. It was exceedingly fertile. Give some information about the American Folklore society. H. B. created, with Maj. This association was founded in secretary of war. He had J18SS for the study of folklore in the the v Boni This Date-- Billie Burke Ziegfeid, o. l8St, stage and cinema actress ____ Reinald Werren- rath, b. 1883, opera, stage and radio singer... .Louis A: Hazeltine, b. 1856, notable radio engineer and inventor (neutrodyne, etc.).... Ann Harding, b. 1904, cinemactress.... Margaret Gertrude Zelle, b. 1876 in Leewarden, Holland, destined to become the most famous of World \var spies under the name of Mata Han. Her 'ravishing beauty" is supposed to have made soldiers her slaves and enabled her to wrest their most sacred secrets. But when she first went to Pans, no artist would hire her as model because she was so unattractive. * * * 480 B. C.-- Battle of Thermopylae ended. It has been remembered for 24 centuries chiefly because of the courage of Leonidas of Sparta, who was every inch a king. When others in the massed armies of Greece fled at sight of the size of the Persian horde led by King Xerxes, Leonidas and 1.400 soldiers remained to defend the 20 foot passage between cliff and sea, the only entry into Greece known to the invaders For three days the 1,400 held the pass against 500,000 me ^\. \ the third night ' Epnialtes, Judas of Greece, guided Persians over a secret path. The Spartans though assailed front and rear, refused to surrender^ and died fighting. densities and different tractive indices. Between two Taye of substances having different re-' Tractive indices there is o s o tal reflection occurs. Light is com- Â° a " directi Â°is a u and the light which is sufficiently near the horizon is totally reflected. This creates the illusion of water or wet- Were Negro teachers ever trained at Berea college in Kentucky? K B From 1867 to 1904 there was a teacher training, course for them but discontinued in 1904 and the work transferred to an independent SCHOOL HIT By Robert Quillen "Liza is the h a p p i e s t young married woman I know. She didn't get fed up on pettin' before she got the man she wanted."