The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 13, 1936 · Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 13, 1936
Page 4
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 13 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY U1-I23 East State Street . Telephone No. 3SO LEE P. LOOMIS W. EARL HALL ENOCH A. NOREM LLCYD L. GEEK Publisher Managing Editor - - . City Editor Advertising Manager XEMBKR, ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitle to the use lor publication ct all news diwatcltcs credited to 1! o not otherwise credited In tils paper, and all local news. MEJIBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with De Molncs news and business oKJces at 405 Slum Building SUBSCRIPTION KATES Manor. Clly and Clear Lake, iteron City and Clear iaxi by the year ST-OO by the week 5 -i OUTSIDE MASON CITS AND CLEAR LAKE Per year hy carrier JT.W g -Jjj J »«£· ;;--.- *J ..... Per YI-CCK hy carrier ..... S . Per year by mall ....... $1.00 By mall 1 month OCrSIDE XIN MILE ZOKJB Per year.... $6. 00 Six months ....... S3.S5 Three months. .. . J .5' AN IOWA INNOVATION rnHIS newspaper will wish the University of Iowa ·*· well in. its decision to be less rigid in its require ments of students with respect to their high schoo subjects. Where once the disposition was to insist on a certain number of credits ror the languages, fo English, for mathematics, for science, and the like the new policy will accept the freshman as he- is and try to make the most of him. The reporter for one news agency took a running jump at the conclusion that this new plan betokens a falling away from high academic standards on the part of the University of Iowa. He went further am? conjectured that it would prove a "break" for athlete who are more developed in muscle than in mind. . This, however, struck us as being a little more than the properly permissible reportorial license. There i not the slightest reason, so far as we can ascertain for an assumption that a new era has dawned. In th field of "pipe" courses. Or that there will be fewe cases of acute eye trouble about Feb. 1 than in th past. Cursory examination of the revised requirement set up at tie university discloses that a student mus still have a. good secondary education before beinj accepted as a student. But a good secondary educa tion no longer presumes that certain specific subjects in specific amounts, must be included. We make no pretense to saying exactly what wa in the minds of those who decided on this step in lib eralizing entrance requirements. As a movement i has an historical background reaching back into thi early days of higher education in America. Classica languages at one time were required for entrance. Ni college education was considered anything like com plete fifty years ago that didn't include some Greek and much Latin. The trend in contemporary times has been toward an education which could be utilized through the life after college. · If there has been one element of lag in this evolutionary progress, it has lain in the relationship between college and high School. By clinging to a requirement that high schoolers have so much of this and so much of that, colleges have placed a definite restriction upon the maximum usefulness of high schools. The five whose formal education has ended with a high school diploma have been subjected, to a curriculum designed for the one who has continued 'his ' In short, the high school curriculum has in large measure been predicated on an assumption that college lies ahead for all, or the great majority, whereas it has lain ahead for the pronounced minority. It has been a case of the tail wagging the dog. Herein, as we see it, lies the real importance- of the new Iowa policy. From this one direction, at least, the fetters have been removed from our high school endeavor to serve the largest number in the most effective and lasting way. Here and now we venture the. prediction that tie innovation begun at Iowa City will be observed ana modeled after in other colleges and universities. A SOUND PROPOSAL A LMOST hidden in the mass of*new bills before congress is a measure providing that, in federal courts,-a newspaperman shall not be required, under peril of contempt, to reveal a news source. Laws granting this vital privilege to the press are already on the statute books of New Jers_ey, Maryland, and Alabama. They were placed there .because, if it is to collect and disseminate information, the press must be guarded as to its sources. In exposing crime and corruption, the newspaper must retain the right to protect its confidential informants. Whether or not congress passes this bill, individual states could lend no greater hand to good government than to secure this fundamental right for newspapers. In its crusading, the press today holds an unique position, and its need here is far above partisanship. ILLOGICAL MAN! A STORY has been carried on the wires lately about *^ a party of farmers in Pennsylvania who for two weeks have been chipping and drilling and blasting at a forty-foot rock to save the life of a fox-terrier which fell into an inaccessible hole while chasing a fox. Food is dropped to him while the men brave the intense cold of a terrific winter to blast away the rock a little at a time, that he may not be killed by the rescue. This concern for a dog's life, perhaps, to a man from Mars who sees us daily slaughtering: thousands of animals to eat, would seem a peculiar and irrational thing. Maybe it would be more logical just to drop a little poisoned meat to the dog, and be done with it. But that magnificent lack of logic is one of the fine things about humanity. If we didn't have it we'd be only animals ourselves. To do hard things that may be unreasonable, because a finer string is touched with the finger of sentimentality, is to respond to the divine spark which is at the core of human personality. If it isn't there we have no excuse for calling ourselves "lords of creation." Hard-hearted practicality is all right in its way, but if that's all there is in one's make-up modern man is not as respectable as the savage. The savage knows no better. What happened to a society that is without pity and sympathy can lie seen very well in China of our day. The Chinese have little regard for animals or men, outside of their own family. There are great extremes of riches and poverty, and none helps the other except it be a member of his own clan. Thousands die in floods and other natural disasters every year, and China merely shrugs its shoulders and goes on about Its business. This is a major reason for China's being the prey of other nations--first the western world, now the Japanese. There is, you see, no solidarity and co-op. eration in such E. society; nobody will offer his life o even his effort to protect hia country, or any othe ideal. The few with western education strive man fully, but they cannot leaven the shapeless, impassiv lump. And yet the Chinese are in their own way brilliant highly civilized, extremely intelligent and courageous The Chinese would laugh at us for being con cerned about a dog; they would even laugh at us fo; worrying about families stranded in the snow--unless they were relatives. And we in turn can. wonder a China, so potentially powerful and so completely help less, because of its hard-hearted and purely realistic attitude toward life, and toward fellow-creatures. Gene Talmadge is many things to many people but he's only a pain in the neck to Jim Parley. Utterback might not be such a bad senator if you didn't have to listen to his endless speeches. International diplomacy may be "like a game of chess but folks don't get killed in chess. Be thankful that those Ethiopian names don't lenc themselves to popularization in song. Alas the fellow with the loudest howl ofttimes has been getting the biggest helping. Being the eldest son of the king helps a young fellow get to the top in England. The new political SOS stands, for "save our soil.' Or maybe "save our skins." Simile: Slight as America's chances of collecting from Europe. It takes safe drivers to make safe traffic. The PROS and CONS PAID RADIO SERVICE. Cedar Falls Record: Here in America we complain at times about the great amount of advertising heard on the radio, mixed in with programs ranging from the best to the poorest. We do not like advertising mixed with -our grand opera on the stage, with our vaudeville and motion pictures, or, in fact, in any other form of entertainment. The public pays for such entertainment and gets it minus the advertising Would it be willing to pay for its radio programs? To date it has not so indicated. Nor has there been a plan formulated that reveals in detail just how much a paid radio service in the home, or wherever used could be successfully operated. Great Britain is having her -troubles with the paic radio system. There are people there who try to enjoy the blessings of radio without paying- the annual license fee of 10 shillings to the government. Britons who cheerfully pay income taxes, and voluntarily aid public financing by turning in bonds in exchange for others at lower interest, balk at the radio license fee. The pirating won't go on indefinitely. Postoffice inspectors are rapidly tracking down the cheats. They travel around the country in a van equipped with a detector device that reveals illegal sets in operation, itany of the pirates themselves give away their guilty secret by calling up the British Broadcasting company .0 complain about programs or to ask for help in eliminating, static. This seems a little naive of the offenders, and suggests that they are new at the 'cheating game.' ". On this side of the water -the situation is interest- ng for two reasons. First, it shows that our British brethren are human, even as we. Second, it sheds ight on the radio license system, sometimes discussed over here as a means of providing programs without advertising. A PATROLMAN ON THE JOB. Hannibal Courier-Post: We have previously called attention to the difference of opinion that exists as to whether members of the state highway patrol should become law enforcement officers, taking on broader duties rather than the simple patrolling of the roads. There, is much to be said on both sides. Those who believe they should remain what their name signifies insist that they were not intended for a state constabulary. They point to the need for stricter enforcement of traffic laws to cut down the :errific toll of highway accidents. On the other hand, those who want the highway jolice to lend aid, when necessary, to law enforce- nent, may point to the service of Sergeant Victor Kelso at Macon. Saturday night, when he took charge of a situation that already had developed into a serious outbreak in which one person was fatally wounded, and quelled a disturbance that seemingly had got:en out of hand. Regardless of what may have been :he intent tl the law as to Kelso's duties, he rendered an excellent service to the community at Macon. WHERE WILL WE TURN? . Britt News-Tribune: Iowa had her Albert B. Cummins, foe of railroads, and wondered! Iowa had her Smith W. Brookhart, foe. of Wall street, and stood amazed! Iowa now has her Wallace, foe of the United itates supreme court. Isn't it about time we adjust- d our thinking caps' to those illustrious statesmen Villiam B. Allison and Johathan P. Dolliver, and quit ollowing the lead of those who want to destroy? EVERY KNOCK Us A BOOST. Webster City Freeman-Journal: Herring and Craschel certainly have the right to be candidates and ; is rather rough to say they are disgracing the state. They are entitled to fair play and such talk will help hem more than it will hurt them. The Freeman-Jour- doesn't expect to support either gentleman, but nsists they are entitled to fair treatment, BETTER NOT DELAY BONUS CASH. Marshalltown Times-Republican: If, as hinted the onus payments are to be delayed until just before lection- it is doubtful that any partisan advantage o the party in power will result. Perhaps on the con- rary. The boys expect the cash promptly. Holding t back is more likely to lose than gain votes. DEMOCRATS ON WAY OUT. Allison Tribune: If the present democratic gov- rnment at Des Moines thinks the people are going o stand for all the graft and inefficiency which have een exposed during the past year it has another guess oming. A DEMOCRATIC PREDICTION. New Hampton Tribune: It .probably isn't a bad pjess at this time, that republican leaders are get- ing- ready to nominate Col. Knox as their candidate or president. EXCEPT IN LUCKY NORTH IOWA. Council Bluffs Nonpareil: Think of the reserve moisture this snow is providing for Iowa soil--that moisture the absence of which caused crop failures for the last two years--and be thankful. FROM "BELGIUM!" TO "ETHIOPIUMS." Clinton Herald: To those talking by ear, one war s like another. In 1914, it was Albert, king of the "Belgiums." Now it's the "Ethiopiums." FARM BUREAU MEMBERSHIP UP Clear Lake Reporter: The Iowa Farm Bureau had membership in 1935 of 35,652, an increase of 9,000 ver 1934. IT PURIFIES THE BLOOD Fairmont Sentinel; The best thing that can hap- en to any political party is a good licking every now nd then. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . . . by Scott f"TOM PAINE , Y/HO FIRST] SLUftES-fED FREEDOM oF'fKE AMERICAN COLONIES WROlE OR COMPOSED '-THE CRISIS' WHICH IS 5AlP1b HAVE INSPIRED ·HE COLONIAL. -TROOPS -to : WIN'THE BATTJ-EoF TRENTi OKA DRUMHEAD ,. BESIDE A REVOLvrTioMAR 1 / F»RS1" SPANIARDS PKlLiPPlMES HATED THE NATIV - . MOST HA.TED RACE THE SPANI KNE.VJ WAS THE MOOR.? IM EUROPE AND FROM -Cms -fft£ SPANISH -frlE NAME. MOROS -ToTflE. OFHE ISLANDS, NAME rIAS ES A\ f V, ARE BROTHERS UHD£R.«E FEATHERS AND .CASTLES HAVE BEEN ON A P P R O X I M A T E L Y 4OO 'DIFFERENT STAMPS BIRDS ARE DECLARED By SCIENTISTS -to BE DESCENDED DIRECTLY FROM DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENIKG. M. n. MILD DIET, REST BEST FOR COLDS I N THE FIELD of the treatment of the common cold there is just as much confusion as there is in the field of prevention. Lieut. Col. George B. Foster, who did some valuable research in the cause of the common cold, was quoted a year or two ago as saying that he was averse to impressionistic science and, therefore, had nothing to say on the subject. The fellow who aas a cold may be just as averse to impressionistic science as anybody, but he would like to know if he can get some relief, and most of the treatments are directed towards .relief. A word of warning should be sounded against the treatments, especially too' strenuous treatments, which'are directed against cure. To follow the advice of those who tell you to go out in the winter weather and walk ten miles, or take a cold bath, or to do both, does more harm than good. If there is any such thing as colds running into pneumonia, this Is one of the ways in which it happens. Dr. Clendening The best advice that can be given anybody with a cold is to conserve the recuperative powers of the body 3y rest and a mild diet. And this is exactly what the body instinctively tells you to do, anyway. The best advice for the treatment of the common cold, I believe, is that given by Dr. Harold S. Diehl, professor of preventive medicine at the University of Minnesota. From his recent book, called "Healthful Liv- ng," I abstract his advice as follows: "Several years ago a series of studies were instituted by the health service of the University of Minnesota to determine the value of various forms of treatment of the common cold. . . Physicians wrote prescriptions for 'cold medication'. . . . After forty- eight hours of treatment the patients reported the results on cards prepared for this purpose. Upon the jasis of these reports the effectiveness of the medication in each case was estimated? "Some of the old capsules had nothing but milk and sugar, and others haa nothing but asprin, -and others lad a combination of drugs. The milk-sugar capsules "were included so that we might know what proportion of patients would recover without treatment in the forty-eight-hour period or which results were reported. . . . Approximately 35 per cent of the students who got only sugar tablets reported improvement or cure of their acute colds within forty-eight hours. Some of these experienced such prompt and remarkable improvement that they were moved to comment that these tablets were the most effective treatment that they had ever tried for heir colds. The fact that such a large percentage f persons with colds recover spontaneously within a 'ew days is noteworthy. . . . ·"In this study several opium derivatives which jarry no practical danger of habituation were tried in ifferent combinations, proportions and dosages. Finaly, a preparation consisting of equal parts of codeine and papaverine was selected as most valuable for this mrpose. Of 1,500 students who were given this prep- iration for the treatment of acute head colds, between 0 and 75 per cent reported definite improvement or omplete relief within twenty-four to forty-eight hours." EARLIER DAYS KflOM (1LOBE-GA/ETTE FILES EDITOR'S NOTE: Six pamphlets by Dr. Clenden- ng can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin, or each, and a self-addressed envelope stamped with a three-cent stamp, to Dr. Logan Clendening, in care f this paper. The pamphlets are: "Indigestion and Constipation," "Reducing and Gaining,'' "Infant Feed- ng," "Instructions for the Treatment of Diabetes," Feminine Hygiene" and "The Care of the Hair aJid skin." EDITOR'S MAIL BAG KIND WORDS FROM AN IOWAN SAN DIEGO, Cal.--Banishment of "break-overs" rom the front page of the Globe-Gazette is a fine nnovation and am sure will be indorsed by your rcad- rs. It is treat to see an Iowa paper out here, so the G-G is naturally most welcome. I am still of the opin- on that your paper is warranted in purloining the logan of the Atlantic journal, "The Journal Covers Dixie Like the Dew." The same may rightfully be said f the Globe-Gazette. It serves your territory com- letely. Sincerely, FRANK E. FOSTER ONE MWfCTE PIJtPIT--Ponder the path of thy feet, and let all thy ways be established.--Proverbs 4:26. Thirty Years Ago-W. J. Mathan of Jackson, Mich., was in the city on business yesterday. Harry Sampson of this city has been appointed assistant scientist in the department of soils of the agricultural department under Secretary Wilson. Mr. and Mrs. Deyoe are visiting their son at Garner. Ran Andrews has returned from a few days visit with his brother at Mitchell, S. Dak. C. R. Gibson left last night for a few days visit in Chicago. Miss Effle Gamidge is home from Des Moines where she has been acting as private secretary to Senator Gale. Patrick McGruder of Garner was in the city on business · yesterday. , -. Mrs. William Borman of Plymouth was in the city for a short time yesterday. Twenty Years Ago -Miss Ruth Jennings is visiting friends and relatives in Iowa City this week. J. E. Igou and son, Leroy, are in Chicago on business this week. George H. Kellogg of Charles City was a business visitor in the city yesterday. Charles Rossman of Fort Dodge was in the city on business yesterday. Fire believed to have started in the boiler room yesterday destroyed the Christian church at Main and Ninth streets, causing a damage estimated at $35,000. WASHINGTON--Austria's formal notification of her intention to sink without warning armed merchant ships after March 1 was received today by the state department. Mrs. C. E. Rau left today for Superior, Wis., for a visit with relatives. Morton Reeves has returned to his studies at the University of Wisconsin. Madison, Wis.. after visiting friends in the city. Ten Years Ago-Senator M. L. Bowman of Waterloo, candidate for the republican nomination as United States senator from Iowa, delivered an address at Labor hall last night. J. A. Slater of Des Moines is a business visitor in the city this week. "Here Y'Are Brother," a story written by Dixie Willson of Mason City and which appeared in the December issue of the Good Housekeeping magazine, has been chosen one of the 12 best love stories of 1925 and will be published in book form. Miss Willson, the daughter of Mrs. Rosalie Willson, 314 Pennsylvania avenue southeast, has signed a contract to furnish the Cosmopolitan magazine with a story a month for a period of one year. Included in the list of speakers at the fire prevention meeting held at the high school auditorium last night were C. D. Wadsworth of Des Moines. president of the Iowa State Fire Prevention association; State Fire Marshal Tracy; James F. Joseph of Chicago, father of the fire prevention movement, and Harry K. Rogers, the fire clown. TOMORROW FEB. 14 By CLARK KUTKA1KD Notable Births--George Jean Nathan, b. 1882, critic and cosmopolite Paulina Longworth, b. 1925, granddaughter of Roosevelt I ... Benny Kubelsky, known as Jack Benny, b. 1894. radio comedian Jessica Dragonette, b. 1907, radio soprano Stuart Erwin, b. 1901, cinemactor Christopher Latham Sholes, b. 1819 in Mooresburg, Pa., a descendent of John Alden of Mayflower fame. A printer from the age of 14, he settled in Wisconsin--where a century ago this year his brother established the first newspaper in that part of the mid-west--and there he developed the first successful typewriter. It was about the size or a. sewing- machine. He sold his rights early for a pittance, and later improvements he made he ve to the promoters. Feb. 14, 1886--Jesse and Frank James and the Younger brothers staged what is recorded as the world's first bank holdup at Liberty, Mo. They got $72,000, no part of which was ever returned. None of them was ever legally punished for the crime! Feb. 14, 1876--JElisha Gray filed a caveat for an invention "to transmit the tones of the human voice through a telegraphic circuit," etc. But he was two hours late, for that same day Alexander Graham Bell had likewise filed an application for a patent on the telephone. And similar instruments had been developed independently at the same time by Thomas A. Edison and Emile Berliner! The word telephone was then already 35 years old, for the word had been used by Philipp Reis, a German, in 3SS1 anticipating the invention of a voice transmitter' ?B^HMiiiMii^¥^iiaaiiWAai!^^ OBSERVING ' 1 '^^ SAFETY GLASS USED BY ALL NEW AUTOS shall be gratified when the (ng|^ passing of time removes tip'*'from the highways the last motor vehicle not equipped with non-sbatterable glass. In the highway safety picture, flying glass is a major element. Twenty-five states have taken definite safety steps with the enactment of laws requiring the use of safety glass in public motor vehicles, passenger automobiles or both. This legislation, designed, of course, to prevent the frightful butchering of accident victims when involved in vehicle smash-ups, is already effective in all of the 25 states except Colorado, where it becomes enforceable Jan. 1, 1937. Of the 25 states, all require safety glass windshields, 24 require it all around for public motor vehicles, and 21 require it all around for passenger automobiles. The states with these laws are: California, Colorado. Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Indiana. Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Every American make of car is now equipped with safety glass windshields and 90 per cent of the makes use safety glass all around. A little more than a year ago when the 1935 models were introduced, only SO per cent used safety glass for windshields and 50 per cent, al! around. HAND-TO-MOTJTfTBUyiNG SHOWN TO BE ILL-ADVISED _^ have B. D., to thank for s^ this contribution on a sub- *P'~ject which is most timely right now: "The unprecedented weather con. ditions. this winter have demonstrated the inadequacy of band-to- mouth buying. Dependence on highway transportation has led dealers n the necessities of life in rural communities to carry small stocks on hand and placing reliance on rucks to replenish their stocks. When storms follow one upon another and block means of commun- cation and transportation the small tocks of food and supplies are soon xhausted. With no means of prompt ·eplenishment great suffering fol- ows.' 1 WORTH OF KOTAKY SNOWPLOWS PROVED believe there would be uni- approval from th e traveling public if the state highway commission decided to take on perhaps twice as many rotary snowplows as it now has. Certainly there would be nothing but applause from this particular direction. It's true, of course, that in the average winter, there's only about one bad storm. This winter has been among the worst in history. Only 192S-29 in recent years is even remotely comparable.' Then the total snow was somewhat greater but it didn't come in combination with such high wind. Blizzards aren't regular occurrences, I grant. But when they descend, their effect is devastating, as we've seen in the past few days. They endanger not only man's convenience but his actual physical well-being. They show us how extremely important are our roads in the modern scheme of things. Highway authorities have done an admirable job in the recent emergency. That they could do as well with the equipment at their command is remarkable. It was a tribute to their courage and energy. That's why I hope that there may be substantial addition to the present stock of rotary snow plows. The ordinary truck plow is entirely inadequate to cope with drifts as those between Hampton and Mason City Sunday and Monday. One was available at Hampton to push north but none was on hand for the southward trip. It was necessary, therefore, for the Hampton rotary plow to cut its way through the drifts to the south boundary of Mason City, with traffic on the state's foremost north and south highway held up a.t least ten or twelve hours longer than if one more rotary plow had been in use. This is written in recollection of EEe yowl which went up when the highway commission began purchasing this type of equipment. It was branded--by persons who knew perhaps as little as I know at this time--as rank extravagance. Ths commission was right and the critics were wrong. At the present time, I am confident, there would be few to complain and many to praise if winter m a i n t e n a n c e equipment were Drought into consonance with other features of our highway system. Answers to Questions By FREDEBIC J. BASKIN PLEASE NOTE--A reader can set the answer to any question of fact hy writing Mason Cltj Clobe-Caietto Infornia- lion Bureau, Frederic J. Haskln, Director. \Vashlnston, D. C. Please Inclose three (3) cents for reply. Who is the pilot of King Edward VIII on his airplane trips? J. M. His Majesty's pilot is Flight ,ieut. E. H. Fielden, was chosen in 1929 from 80 picked members of the .__yal Air Force as personal pilot, n 1933 he was appointed extra air equerry to the prince. Lieutenant rielden won the air force cross for distinguished peacetime flying-. Has Santo Domingo changed its lame? K. S. To Ciudad Trujillo (Trujillo City) n honor of President and Dictator General Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina. Are snuff boxes still used In the United States senate? J. J. As a matter of custom, the 15 year old snuff boxes in the senate are still retained and filled semiweekly. One is on the republican side of the chamber and one on the democratic side. When was Bainbridge Colby secretary of state? T. C. Served under President Wilson from March 22, 1920 until March · 1921 What woman in St. Louis is 111 years old? K. M. Dr. Marie Charlotte de Goliere Davenport .has attained this age. She was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, in -1824 and has spent most if her life in travel. Married three imes, she is the mother of 11 children, the eldest still living at 96. How many stenographers are men. and how many are women? E. R. In the U. S. census of 1930, the ota'. number of stenographers and ypists was 811,190, of which 36,050 were male and 775,140 were 'emale. How old is the American Liberty eague ? G. H. Incorporated Aug. 15, 1934. How long has the word slang been used? E. S. Earliest use of the word slang discovered occurs in Toldervy's History of Two Orphans, published in 1756. \ more unequivocal instance is quoted in J. C. Hotten's Slang Dictionary (1864) from a book entitled Jonathan Wild's Advice to His Successor: Let proper nurses be assigned to take of these babes of grace (i. e. young- thieves 1 The master who teaches them should be well versed in the cant language, commonly called the slang patter, in which they should by all means excel. In 1762, the word is found in Foote's play, The Orators. Who first started schools for the pre-school child? R. B. The provision in modern times of systematized training for children of pre-school age may be dated from tho village school at Waldbach founded by Jean Frederic Oberlin in 1774. Robert Owen started an infant school at New Lanark in 1800. Further impetus and a new direction were given the movement by Friedrich W A. Froebel. the creator of the kindergarten. Dr. Maria Montessori marks an epoch in infant train- ing. She devised an elaborate set of educative toys by which children learn to observe sounds, forms, colors, numbers and size. Who is dean of American campers ? B. H. The late Horace Kephart, author of books on the mountain people, camping and woodcraft is so called. A memorial in the form of an eight ton boulder bearing a bronze plate will be placed on his grave at Bryson City, N. Car. The following inscription will be used on the tablet: Horace Kephart, born Sept. 8, 1862, East Salern, Pa., died April 2, 1931, Swain county, N. Car. Author of Our Southern Highlanders, Camping and Woodcraft and other notable books, dean. of American campers, a foremost leader in the establishment of the Great Smoky Mountain national park. Give biography of Brian Donlevy, playing in Strike Me Pink. S. M. Born in portadown, County Armagh, Ireland, Mr. Donlevy was brought to this country when a baby. He attended elementary school in Cleveland and at 14 ran away from St. John's military academy in Wisconsin to join the Lafayette Escadrille. He became a sergeant-pilot and was wounded twice. In 1919 he entered the United States Military academy but left to look for work in New York, His first stage performance was in What Price Glory? Subsequently he played in Three for One, Milky Way, and Life Begins at S:40. In the movies he was seen as Knuckles in Barbary Coast. LETTER WRITING The Handy Letter writer is an up- to-the minute compilation of accepted standards and model forms for all kinds of correspondence. Complete sections on both business and social communications. Covers the general rules of dictation, punctuation, grammar; correct styles of address; proper salutations and closings. A special section on formal communications with government officials and dignitaries. This distinctive 48 page service booklet offers more than SO sample letter forms. A help in every home. Inclose 10 cents to cover costt, handling and postage. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazetts Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director. Washington, D. C. I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the "Handy Letter Writer." Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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