The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 7, 1937 ツキ Page 4
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The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 7, 1937
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r" MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, JANUARY 7 テつキ.1937 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE テつキ AN - A . TV, LKE NEWSPAPER I ; ' Issued"Every Week Day by tho MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 321-123 East State Street ; Telephone No. .1800 LEE P. LOOMIS - - - - - Publisher W. EARL HALL - - .-'-テつキテつキ Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER ; -' Advertising Manager Entered as second-class matter April 17, 1930, at tho post- office at Mason City, fowa, under the act of March 3. ISIS. MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS which ts exclusively entitled to the use (or publicallon of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper,. and all local nsws. ' ' MEMBER. IOWA DAJLY PRESS ASSOCIATION, wllh Des Moinu news and business offices at 405 Shops Buitdinc. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason Clly and Clear Lake, by the year $7.00 by the v.-eefc I -15 OUTSIDE M.ISO.V crrr AND CLEAII LAKE Per year by carrier ....57.00 By mall 6 months SiM Per week by carrier ....? .IS By mail 3 months ..'....$1.25 Per year by mail 54.00 By ma" 1 mJnlh, S .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year....56.00 six month....$12S Three monllis....S1.75 Uncle Sam's Naval Program N O doubt those who classify themselves as pacifists who relegate to the outer darkness, as militarists, all who disagree with their methods will before long begin to chorus In lusty tones their indignation at the ambitious navy - program upon which this country is now 'embarked under the president wiio had their support last November. For som^'reason or another little attention has been paid to the start of this comprehensive naval program at Washington, but the annual publication of Janes, 1 "Fighting Ships," international naval authority, brings into high relief the fact that United States is practically rebuilding its fleet and will have more than 100 war vessels of all types in.con- struction in 1937. The pacifists will not miss that, and their howls o|_anger will shortly be heard. Pacifists being.what they are, it will not.occur to any of them to consider the cause of this naval program. It began more than a year ago, when the Japanese government served formal notice on the United States' and Great Britain of her refusal to renew the naval limitations treaty. An abortive effort was made to negotiate a' new 'treaty upholding the principle of naval ratios, but nothing came oE it. The Japanese idea of a correct naval ratio was an agreement to place no limit whatever on the Japanese fleet. They were willing to agree to a top limit for all fleets, ss a means of saving expense. But they insisted that the Japanese fleet had to be as large as aay other. In view of American and British responsibilities in the Pacific, that was not acceptable. Both the United Slates and the British empire have much more territory -and coast line to look after than Japan, and more widespread sea communications. The Japanese proposal was in effect a demand for complete. Japanese superiority in far eastern waters, and that neither nation is prepared to grant. It would have been a dereliction of duty for statesmen of either nation, in view of Japan's recent conduct in Manchuria and China, to give their blessing to a naval arrangement which would permit Japan to act as she pleased without fear of con- Eequences. It is perhaps, in theory, too bad that the naval limitations treaty, the only tangible piece of disarmament the world managed to/create after the great war, has collapsed. But there is no use crying over spilt milk,~ and the outcries of disappointed ^pacifists m thij_ country .,will, be unavailing--or should TieTTiT jeasl r The cause'of'peace'is nbt'to he served by, making tliis country helpless, or by depriving it of the means to establish influence in world affairs. No one with any sense of reality can deny that today, more than ever in the last 20 years, force is. paramount in world affairs. Ideals have gone glimmering; stark violence rules the planet. If we value the United States, its world standing--and even its own safety--we cannot trust to beautiful words to defend it. It's been tried, and it doesn't work. テつキ The fundamental error of pacifism is its naive refusal to recognize that the proposition: "It takes two to make a quarrel" has an equally definite corollary: "It takes two to keep the peace." The good intentions'of which we are justly proud don't mean a thing outside our own borders. But a husky navy kept up to strength is a great help to international good' manners. . '. This Senator Made Hay! rpHE capital is chuckling quite a bit at the ad- テつキ*テつキ ventures of Minnesota's 62-day stop-gap senator--Guy V. Howard--who completed his brief term in Washington with a spending splurge. Mr. Howard was elected tfy the voters of Minnesota 3ast Nov. 3 to fill the senatorial term between election day and the next congress, Jan. 5. While other candidates kept their eyes on the 6 year term, none tut Mr. Howard thought enough of the two-month' term to file for the vacancy. He ended his two month's term without ever having sat in the senate, casting a vote or making a speech. He has been succeeded by Ernest Lundeen. Senator Howard has luxuriated in liis Cinderella hour in the capital. His salary ran to approximately $1,800. He was permitted a secretary at a maximum of 580 a week and promptly appointed his old friend--75 year old James W. Nash--for the secretarial job; Just whom he appointed as clerks for his senate office is not yet known, but he hud with him In Washington his son and several other friends. Apparently Senator i Howard spent most of his short term investigating the various allowances and prerogatives of his office. His first claim.was a mileage allowance of approximately 40 cents" a mile from Minnesota to Washington and return, which should bring him approximately $800--a sufficient contribution for a return cruise through the Panama canal. A grateful republic gave him the maximum allowance of $125 for stationery, which is "enough to Jast-him the rest of hir, life." Even the special bottled' mineral water for senators, franked telegrams and free Ions distance calls did not escape his consideration. For his friends in Minnesota who complained that they didn't have enough reading matter, Senator Howard mailed bound copies of. the Congressional Record and directories for the past 10 years under his' mailing frank. The free governmenl garage 'for senatorial cars came to the senator's attention only a few .days before his term ended after he had parked the new car his senatorial salary had bought.him in front of a capital hydrant foi many nights. At the eleventh hour, too, the senator from Minnesota discovered the privileges he hac passed tip in the capital barber shop whose services are free to senators and congressmen. Senator Howard's services may not leave their mark in history, but they certainly have left a dent in the United States treasury. The man who would be king for a day could not have enjoyed his adventure any more than Guy V. Howard in his short stay Jn Washington. Who the man of the year was may he debate: but with a king-breaker among the candidates, no much time will be spent in argument over the woman selection. IOWA GETS テつァ5,000,000 FOR HIGHWAYS Cherokee Daily Times: Iowa has been alloted 5,000,000 of,federal funds for'liighway purposes for he year beginning next July. Of this amount $3,91,322 is set apart for primary highway improvements; 5658,264 for farm-to-market road development, and テつァ1,410,787 for surface crossing separa- ions. This .means that Iowa will have one of the most extensive programs for highway development ince "1831. With -ten northwest counties voting londs for hard surfacing aggregate テつキ approximately 9,000,000 and approximately テつァ3,000,000 available jom state highway funds, and $3,000,000 matching 'ederal funds, there will be an aggregale of some 518,000,000 available for primary highway development during the year. Iowa reached the peak of its primary highway building in 1930, when construction expenditures regiited $42,616,687. The years 1028, 1929 and 1931 each showed construction expenditure's of more than $28,000. These were years in which proceeds of large co.unty bond issues were available. Following 1931 there was a sharp decline n available funds, expenditures for 1033, the bot- om year, being only テつァ8,809,539. Allotments of federal funds increased activities in 1934-5-6. Much of the development scheduled for 1937 will ie in the northwest counties where but little pav- ng has been laid and where several million dol- ,ars will be available from bond issues. Cherokee, 3uena Vista, Sac and Ida counties will be among hose to share in this activity, as will also Poca- lontas and Calhoun along the route of primarv N o . 5 . テつキ . . * テつキ テつキ T .OOK OUT ***BELOW * It's to the credit of Rexford Tugwell's successor, -'. L. Wilson, that he learned his agriculture from he ground up--and that he began in Iowa. Razzle-rlazzle may be all right on the football ield but it's'most disconcerting in the field of gov- !rnmental finance. Phil LaFollette's handling of that Frank case uggests that there's a little dictatorship under the ikin of all of us. Honestly, now, how many of us have ever seen i pair of those old red flannel underclothes we talk ;o much about? ' テつキ i We have yet to find a really valid argument against an increased production of beet sugar in owa. . . In the final analysis, it's the public that gets the ocking whenever there's a strike or lockout. America seems intent on having neutrality, even f she has to fight for it. ' Simile: Serene as a Barrymore romance. PROS and CONS IT COULD HAPPEN ONLY IN U.S. National Republic: The impression, which Mr. Landon left with the Gridiron club was well summed up by Arthur Krock, distinguished correspondent of the New York Times, himself a close friend of President Roosevelt, who wrote, among other :liings: "The praise the governor is receiving must surprise him. Laurels are being tossed at him from all over the land for sportsmanship, dignity of jearing and perfect taste. This must surprise him, because for the first time in a long while, the governor was just being himself." Writing of Governor "jandon's address at the dinner Mr. Krock added: 'Here was a cultivated, well groomed, socially experienced .American gentleman of .the best type. All of this was no surprise to those who knew tliu governor or had even met him before. But some of: it was a pleasing revelation to those who knew Mr. Landon only through the medium of the newspaper, news reel, radio or campaign pamphlet." Nothing can more impress us with the fine spir- t of American democracy than that less than two months after the close of a bitter presidential campaign, the victor and the vanquished should sit down in peace and friendship together at a banquet provided by newspapermen who had, developed a jrogram of good natured raillery which was accepted by the "victims" with a true sense of sportsmanship. A comparison with the political situa- ioh in Hussia, in Germany, in Italy and in un- lappy Spain, is certainly revealing. WANTED--MORE ROOM Des Mwnes Plain Talk: Let Iowa build an- up- .o-date office building, 1'5 to 20 stories't'all, large enough to accommodate the dozens of state departments now housed in outside buildings. Make it adequate for the future as well as for the present Then let the state house proper be utilized for the original purpose of providing headquarters and vorking space for the state's constitutipnal officials --governor, secretary of state, auditor of state reasurcr of state, attorney general, secretary of agriculture, superintendent of public instruction, and the slate supreme court. USE GAS TAX ON HIGHWAYS Greene Recorder: The tax on gasoline, annuallj .evied in the United States, collects an immense sum, most of which is expended for highway purposes. In some states, however, some of the money is diverted to other purposes. In view of the increasing traffic on our highways and the possibility of eliminating accidents by further improvements, it seems (o us t h a t the various governments should seriously consider a policy of applying to .the highways all of the money procured fronv-the gasoline tax. NEBRASKA MAY BOOST PATROL Lincoln Star: It is believed that most of the people of Nebraska will approve of the proposal to expand the highway patrol of the state and broadcast police bulletins sent from the various peace officers to the office of the state sheriff. The cos of maintenance of such a system would be so ligh as to be negligible, and there is every reason to believe that the benefits _would bo great. BUYING POWER CHEAPER' THAN MAKING IT Oelwein Register: Up at Marquetln the C. M. St P. and P., are changing over from a direct to ar alternating current, and instead of manufacturing their own juice for the shops and round 'house the are going to buy it from the Interstate Power company. They find they are unable to manufacture it as cheaply as they can purchase it so are discarding their electric power plant. STATE PAYS $65,000 IN RENTALS Cresco Times: or a number of years the capito building has been inadequate to house all the departments of state government and it has been necesary to rent space in office buildings in the business section of Des Moines. About 565,000 is paid annually in rentals for office rooms occupiee by state officials. THOSE HOTEL ASSAULTS Nashua Reporter: What's the matter oテつ」 ChicagL hotels when it is possible for a woman to be sluggec assaulted" and robbed in.her hotel room, and th assailants gel away with-it as has happened in mor than one instance lately? THE WAY TO CUT HIGHWAY KILLINGS Clarion Monitor: Increase the patrol and plac the tipsy drivers in jail after first revoking thei licenses, from six months to a year, depending up on the nature of the case. ONE HIINUTE P.ULP1T--liebuko not an elder, but entreat him as a father and the younger men as brclhren.--I Timothy 5:1. DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott .PfcESlPEKT vlAMS MAOISM IH'fHEWORLD, Wl-fft A. VALUE. OF ABOUT' $ E, OOP, OOO FOP. A SfoP.T 5'fRE'fcH, WAS BUILT NEAR KlMBERLY, AFRIC.A -- If* I? A MACADAM oF BLUE. CLAY AMP I? WITH DIAMONDS, SOME AS -HAZELNUTS COME. MA.LA.CcA MALAYA COPYRIGHT. I9J7. CENTRAL fRE'SYASSOCIAYlON DIET and HEALTH By I.OGAN CLENDENINO. M. I. PARTS OF BODY NECESSARY I T is somewhat appalling to think that practically all of our brain could be removed and we might o on living, but that if we lose two little masses of flesh no bigger .than the end of your thumb, we would die in a very few days. To be quite. frank, I don't know of any case vlicre the entire brain was missing (although I j.:..,..^.,.,,,.,,:,.^.,,,,,,^ have often suspected it.) There | jsgSjiililSsa,. are ver y formidable obstacles in ' ^HEiHiffiiak t' le v ' :iy テつー^ P rov 'H6 such a Iiypo- [iHB^^^WH* thesis. The shock which would ac* ^^ ' * *TM company injury to the whole brain, or surgical removal of it, would be fatal before there was an opportunity of observing the effects. But we know of cases of people who are born with one- half the brain missing; they are paralyzed on''"one side, but they live for years and perform ordinary functions satisfactorily. Then there are a few cases of injury which practically totally destroyed one side of the brain. Dr. Clendening 't we can get along without one side, why not both? t we could just arrange to leave the motor area, speech areas and sight and hearing areas in, the テつキest could go and you could scarcely tell the difference in your neighbor at a dinner party. . But those two little masses of flesh, the adrenal Bodies--that's a different story. They sit atop the ddneys on each side, and unless one looks carefully, 10 is likely not even to see them, but they are important. Sometimes they are destroyed by tuberculosis, and when that occurs, there is a marked emaciation, weakness and prostration, ending in death, unless treatment is instituted. The rapidity of development lepends on how much of the gland is destroyed. But when tho whole gland is removed by experimental surgery death occurs in two or three days, or even a few hours. There is great prostration, muscular weakness and marked lowering of blood pressure. One part of the gland produces the substance, adrenalin, which regulates t'.ie blood pressure, muscular tone, and many other important functions of the body, including the supply of sugar to the od. The whole gland swells when certain poisons or toxins enter the body, and changes known as Selye's alarm reaction occur. There is another part of the gland which does not produce adrenalin, but some other substance. Something pretty close to that substance has been isolated by chemists--called by different nanieb, "corlin" will do as well as any. When the gland is diseased in a human being and this severe prostration occurs, administration of adrenalin will not save the situation. But administration of corlin frequently will..So it looks as if the vital part of the g^and, the part essential to life were the.part which produces cortin. It is probable that there are islands of tissue scattered all over the body which produce adrenalin, so that part of the gland can be destroyed with impunity, but our life, liberty and happiness depend upon the small strip of cortical tissue. Jls use in the disease I have spoken of, Addison's disease, is a distinct advance. A distinguished clinician, who has seen many oテつ」 these cases, says that to note the recovery after the administration is literally to see one raised from the dead. Twenty Tears Ago-E. A. Morley. of Emmetsburg transacted, business n the city yesterday. E. J. Steffin has returned from a holiday visit vith friends at St. Paul. W. A. Thomas has returned from a holiday visit vith relatives nt Fond du Lac., Wis. Florence O'Leary returned today from a few days visit with friends at Chicago. Mr. and Mis. B. J. Kearney have returned fror. Mitchell, S. Dak., where they spent the holidays, isiling relatives. Stella Barnett has returned from Lone Tree vhcre she spent the holidays visiting at the home of her parents. Cell Years Aga-WASHINGTON--The statement that he believed .he United States "deliberately and consciously" was drifting into war with Mexico was made in the house oday by Representative Huddleston, democrat Alabama. 'DES MOINES--Representative L. V. Carter o Harlan county today i was named by republican nembers of the Iowa house of representatives as .heir candidate for speaker for the legislative session opening Monday. Maty Carle last night was elected president o the Immaculata society of St. Joseph's Catholi church. - Other officers elected were Ethel Schu jert, vice president; Viola Siglin, secretary, and Margaret Kelroy, treasurer. TOMORROW By CLARK K I N N A I n n Notable Births--Henrik Shipstead, b. 1880, senior senator from Minnesota. By profession he's a dentis , . . Bennett Champ Clark, b. 1889, a first commander of the American Legion and senior senator from Missouri . . . (Blias) Burton Holmes, b. 1870 in Chicago, professional traveler-lecturer. He gave his first lecture on travel at 20, has made talk uncheap ever since . . . Paul Shoup b. 1874 in San Bernardino, Cal., who rose from telegraph operator io be president of the Southern Pacific railroad . . . Harvey Wiley Corbett, b. 1873 in San Francisco, internationally famed architect. * * # ' Jan. 8, 1B42--Galileo Galilei died at 78, the day after the thirty-second anniversary of his identification of the satellites of Jupiter, largest planet o the solar system--the first major astronomical discovery of the man who got the first closeup view of the heavens. * テつォ # Jan. 3, 1679--Rene Robert Cavelier La Salle, 36 reached Niagara Falls. He gave the world the firs description of this wonder, discovered the prtviou! year by Father Louis liennepin, member of La- Salle'K expedition which was trying to IJIIQ a rouli to China. " v EARLIER DAYS FHO.M G L O B E - G A Z E T T E FILES '.'hlrfy Years Agro-E. E. Pratt left today for a visit at Dubuque. Mrs. Charles Lee left last night for a visit with elatives at Salt Lick, Ky. Mrs. Stanley Anderson of Sioux. Falls, S. Dak., is "isiting relatives in the city. Walter Beverly of Boston, Mass., is visiting with riends in the city for a few days. Mrs. B. V. Brodfuehrer left last night for Wa- erloo, Ind., for a visit with relatives. Mrs. G. A. Zimmerman has returned from a vis- t with relatives at Omaha, Nebr. Mayor jDawson left today for a business trip at Nashua. ALL OF US By M A R S H A L L MASLIN W DOOR OPENERS--PERHAPS I E GO ALONG for years thinking,we are on kind of person. . . . Suddenly something hap pens or we ask ourselves a question, and discove that we aren't the kind of person we thought w were. . . . A door opens and we see ourselves in different light, and the experience may make fo happiness, or for melancholy. In any case, it clean up the situation a little. For example, conside these few -.questions: How much of your happiness is dependent 01 little incidents, on little accidents? How much time during a day do you spen thinking of yourself, of your own thoughts or feel ings? Do you long for "freedom?" What is your ide of "freedom?" Are you jealous? Proud? Easygoing? Is your conscience active? Do you think yo have a conscience? Do you care what other people think about you Do you believe in luck? Which do you give most thought to--the past The present? The future? Do. children bore you, irritate you or delight you What proportion of your thoughts do you kee to yourself? Is your prevailing mood one of loneliness? D you feel that the majority of men and women yo know are strangers to you? Have your friends much in common? That i if you put them all together in one room wou] they "click" socially? Is "privacy" important to you? What is your judgment about yourself? Woul you like It if you were someone else? Do you like crowds? Do you mind being disturbed? If you could be someone else who would you be OBSERVING a^aarfafiasaBsflriargflffBi^^ xtra! Extra! Xmas ies Cause a War! _^ guess we must be getting !^ to be a pretty beligerent P*" people when we can work 5 a sanguinary war over an as- ration on Christmas neckties. hat warfare, incidentally has now ntered its fourth phase and I on't have any hope of getting the oys out of the trenches before ext Christmas. It all star-ted when Ward Barnes f the Eagle Grove Eagle, com- enting on an item in this de- artment, ; asked the question hether the rule of making the onsignor of unordered merchan- ise--"come and get it" might, be xtended to cover unwelcome hristmas neckties. This was reproduced here and . L. C. immediately opened an ffensiye on the Mason City sector y taking a left hook at Mr. a'rnes for repeating a* time-worn oke which, in the opinion of H. . C., never did have any substan- al foundation in fact. At the same time Earl Barlow E Clarion was generating the orces on the Wright county front y writing Mr. Barnes in this fail on: "I read your wisecrack about 'hristmas tics. Now, Ward, there s something wrong--either your iothhiEr man isn't good in buying es, or your relations are poor udges in picking out tics. If ei- her be the case, come over here r send them over and we will ick your ties for you, anil you vill be proud to wear one of our }hristrnas tics. Yours for pretty "cs." To all of which Ward Barnes in ic last issue of his "Human In- erest" column comes through vith tin's proposal: "But we want to be reasonable, von generous with H. L. C. and E. . B. If they will send us samples f their Christmas ties to prove ieir point that Christmas ties are he kind the best dressed men テつキear the year around, we will ive them a break, providing they measure up to our ideas of sartor- al splendor. "We have already told them ur age. The everyday suit we ought the first year the boy went o Iowa is a salt-and-pepper pur- le. The Sunday suit son outgrew is first year at college is a bright lue with two pair of pants * nd pin white stripes running up nd down. The overcoat, 1931 model, is dark blue. The top-coat he boy discarded because the ophomores were not wearing that ype any more, matches the every- ay suit. The hair is red, getting vhite around the ears, and thin n top. "We mentioned both pair of pants irtlh the blue number because thai ncans \ve will wear that suit so nmny car,! longer, so perhaps your choice ol ics belter be a blue blend. "N. B. Y on kn o w G uy H i nltl c%*. on r ocal clotliter? He t h i n k s he's some su- erlalivc lie picker, himself, so give your elections most careful .attention." Whose Sin Was Worse? We Rise to Inquire JOTI should say that members ESjg? of a national press which SSP* left its readers totally in .he dark while the nation's monarch was developing a crush on a married woman which was destined to lead to his abdication would scarcely be in a position gracefully to throw stones at American newspapers, as the Era, London publication, does in the following: "When the historians' begin to analyze the motivation behind the abdication of Edward the Eighth, we think they will agree that a salient, if not the most salient, factor was the chivalrous impasse created for him by the frenzy oJ vulgarity into which the American Press lapsed over the affair. "The New York Press in particular plumbed the ultimate abyss of scurrility, led by a type of journal whicli is a hybrid between newspaper and magazine. These journals are produced by and for the cosmopolitan scum of Broadway and their foul insurgence played no small part in the crisis.. "Roosevelt seems to be anxious to cleanse American life of its undesirable elements. "Let him begin with the leprous growths of the American press." --o-Four Types or Driver Who Should Be Swatfcd テつキテつキ^ think most of us would 3|U agree with Highway Pa- S^ trolman Clarence Day oE MarshalHown in his contention, made in a recent talk at Eldora, that the following fouv types of drivers should be driven from the roads of Iowa: 1. The Driver of an Unsafe Car. The driver who drives a car with i m p r o p e r lights, inadequate brakes, poor tires, steering mechanism out of order and discolored windshield should be ruled off the highway. 2. The Road. Hog. The driver .who runs through stop signs, passes on hills and curves and in general thinks the entire highways belongs to him. 3. The Speed Demon. The driver who insists on speeding at 50, GO or 70 nxiles an hour, who has nothing in particular to do after he gets there. Driving a car more than 50 miles an hour is a man's job and is not childsplay. It is false economy, unsafe and unfair to the other motorists. 4. The Drunken Driver. A potential murderer oテつ」 innocent women and children. A drunken driver is very dangerous to all that USD the highway. "It is said," observed the patrolman, "that less than 10 per cent of our car operators are careless and my observations convince : : mV'tHa'tnhis is: true! :But''that'll Of? per cent is a menace to the en-'テつキ tire motoring traffic. There is scarcely a home in America today but what lias been touched and saddened either directly or Indirectly from the result of an automobile accident." Answers to Questions Ky F R I i n E R I C .1. II AS KIN PLLMSE NOTK--A reader can eel the ,in\ivcr to atir question of tact hrテつキ writinjr Itic Mason CEly Globr-Garcttc's I n r n r m a l i o n llnreau, Frederic J. lias- kin, Director, Washington, T). C. 1'lcase senil three (3) cents postage lor reply. Is Spanish the lanjruagD of all of the natives of Spain? D. E. In the western part of Spain, Portuguese is in use; in the eastern iart, Catalan; while in certain arts of north Spain, Basque is the native tongue. ' What Is the purpose nf the Ttidge Baker Guidance Center? E. G. The organization conducts scientific investigation and treatment of personality, conduct and educational problems of childhood and youth. Co-operative therapeutic work is carried on with agencies and it also directs therapeutic work with individuals and families. How many applicants for civil service positions arn found to have prison records? C. J. In 1935, 985. ' How long has vanilla been tiseO? . H. In 1519 Monlezuma, emperor of the Aztecs, gave a feast at which a beverage composed of chocolate and vanilla was served to Cortez and his Spanish Conquistadors. Is Iliawalha an Indian name? C. P. It is a name and a title/ of a chieftainship hereditary in the Tortoise clan of the Mohawk tribe; it is the second on the roll of federal chieftainship of the Ifoquois confederation. The first known person to bear the name was a noted reformer, statesman, legislator, and magician, justly celebrated as one of the founders of the League of the Iroquois, the Confederation of Five Nations. What is (he seftlinir capacity of Carnegie hall in New York City? C. J. Capacity of 2,760. Was John Howard Fayne once an actor? W. n. The author of Home, .Sweel Home, made his debut as an'actor in New York City in 1809 and was successful for 30 years. He also wrote several plays, of which "Brutus," "Charles II," and "Clari' are the best known. Is the man who established flic Gideons--the International Christian Commercial Men's association --living? H. W, Samuel E. Hill, one of the two traveling salesmen who foundec the organization, died at Beloit Wis., Nov. H, 1036. The other cofounder, John H. Nicholson, is stil living. Where is the fastest lift nritlde in this country? W. II. .1. Fastest in the world is at Newark, N. J., and carries alt mainline traffic on the Pennsylvania ailroad between New York and 'hiladelphia across the Passaic テつキiver. It is also the heaviest. Electricity raises this structure at he rate of two feet a second. Why did the French caricatur- st, Cham, use this pseudonym? B. C. His name was de Noe, in our anguage, Noah. Cham is ham in English, the allusion being to ham, son of Noah. Did Hetty Green inherit / the foundation of her fortune from Itcr husband? W. D. She was a rich woman when she was married to him in 1887. Her father died in 1865, leaving 'ier a fortune for those days. She managed her investments herself, and became the richest woman in this country, and the leading woman financier of the world. What is the longest wave on record? W. R. Longest measured with reasonable accuracy was on the Atlantic a little north of the equator by Admiral Motlez of the French navy. Its length was about 2,700 feet. BUDGET BOOKLET In your financial plans for 1937 the task is cosier if you have a copy of the Household budget booklet now ready for every render at our Washington Information bui-cnii. A ruled acocunting page for every month with proper headings, ready for use. Practical guidance on budget making; typical budgets for every income; pointers on savings, insurance and investment. Printed on special durable paper to preserve records indefinitely in either pencil or ink. Inclose 10 cents to cover cost and handling." Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washington. I inclose herewith 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the new Household. Budget Booklet. Name Street City State (Mail to Washington, D. C.) {J CT--^l-.xrt^-V.'W^

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