The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on February 10, 1931 · Page 3
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February 10, 1931

The Mason City Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 3

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Tuesday, February 10, 1931
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FEBRUARY 10 1931 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE fiasnn CftUp 6lnh*'azHtB A Lee Syndicate Newspaper Issued Every Week Day by the MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East State St. . ' Telephone No. 3800 WILL F. MUSE Editor W. EARL, HALL .Managing Editor LEE P. LOOMIS ; . .Business Manager MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS , The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also all local hews published herein. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily, per year ··· Daily, per week Outside of Mason City and Clear Lake Daily, per year by carrier Daily, per week by carrier ' · · · Dally, 'per year by mail 4 -"" 6 months, $2.25; 3 months, $1.25; 1 month 50 Outside 100 mile zone, daily, per year 6.00 6 months S3.25 3 months I-? 5 .$7.00 . .15 .57.00 Entered at the Postoffice at Mason City, Iowa, as Second Class Matter Evervthtnc comes If a man will only wait. --BENJAMIN DISRAELI. THOSE WHO CRITICIZE LINCOLN E DGAR LEE MASTERS, inspired perhaps by the example of Washington's biographer, Rupert Hughes, has sought in a new book on Lincoln to strip the garments of heroism from the "savior of our country." Lincoln is held up as a political personality, a "slick and crafty politician," cold, mannerless, unkempt, at times neurotic and superstitious. In the volume Masters, a. Chicago lawyer, voices his hatred of prohibition. The book is dedicated to , Thomas Jefferson's memory and the third president is described as "the pre-eminent, philosopher-statesman of the United States and their greatest president." It was in Lincoln's power, Masters charges, to pre- vent'the Civil war, "one of the most colossal blunders in history." He was without genius or intelligence, merely the small town noy J'who wore his hair long" and was credited with "superior abilities." "One of 'his principal gifts," the Chicagoan writes, "was satire. Others were mimicry, histrionic antics, deep-seated antagonisms, coldness, a sort of logic such as you would expect the village genius to develop." There is a denial too that Lincoln was democratic, or even friendly, with those about him. It's a myth that he was "hailed everywhere as Abe or Uncle Abe," says the author. "He allowed no one to be familiar with him. Always he was addressed as Mr. Lincoln." Even the Gettysburg address doesn't suit Mr. Masters. "We have," he says, "in it that refusal of the truth which is written all over the American character and its expressions," All of which gives one the idea that Mr. Masters is desirous of plugging the sales of his new volume. He has pandered to the so-called intelligentsia--as distinguished from the intelligent. Abraham Lincoln is too much a part of pur own time to be thus misrepresent- ·^retl. · · Dozens:of real historians, 1 far closer to President - Lincoln and'far more able to interpret his life, have already spoken. Mr. Masters would have done better if he had chosen a subject not so intimately a part of contemporary history and life. There would have been few, for instance, to disturb the product of his imagination if he had directed his efforts to a discounting of Paul Revere, Miles Standish, John Smith, or even his own sainted Jefferson. The feeble efforts of traducers will not dim the luster of the Lincoln life with this generation or the generation to come. Whereas the annals of the ages will contain a large volume on Abraham Lincoln, there will be no word for those who seek fame or for tune by endeavoring to soil his lustrous works. RUSSIA'S 5" YEAR PLAN ·OUSSIA is reviewing the results of the second year of the five-year plan, and the figures made public by Stalin in a rather dry address devoted to soviet economics a few days ago indicate that the prediction! the plan would collapse must be revised. It hasn't col lapsed yet--in fact, it Is doing rather well, considering Russia's difficulties. Significant figures this year were doubling of the wheat exported, and large increases in exports of petroleum, coal, lumber, and other raw materials. Of course this result has been achieved at the expense of reducing Russian rations close to the famine level, nnd it is noteworthy that the wheat export was less than a quarter of the amount exported by Russia in 1913. This indicates that Russia is still far from the productive efficiency she formerly enjoyed--but it also indicates that Russian dumping is not the cause of the Collapse of the wheat market, as it was fashionable to believe last fall. Perhaps this coming year will be the crucial one for the five-year plan, with Russian credit considerably tighter abroad owing to general economic difficulties in the countries from whom she must buy the materials and machines with which to create the industrial plant at which the plan aims. There will have to be a tremendous increase in Russian exports to finance the plan, and practically none of the mechanized industries have as yet reached the stage of production. Stalin frankly told the people that the privations necessary to working out the plan would continue. He closed with the usual prediction of world proletariat revolution. But that is the formal gesture of the bol- shevik 6rator. It needn't be taken too seriously. Probably even Stalin and his communist aides regard it merely as a pious hope, unlikely to be realized. THE BUCKWAS PASSED rpHE attorney general's recent opinion of the proposed state road bond issue recalls his course three years ago when Gov. John Hammill sought to obtain an opinion from him with respect to the constitution\ ality of the proposal then pending. On the sheerest technicality, Mr. Fletcher took the position-that because the question was "not before any state officer or tne general assembly for official action," he was not at liberty to voice on opinion. Later the understanding was given out that he be^ lieved the proposal entirely constitutional. The supreme court thot otherwise with results known to everybody. 1 But Mr. Fletcher's course when called on for an opinion was not of a character that would generate great confidence in his opinion at this time. Our preference still would be to take the word of so"*" '·ornnetflrit lawyers. FARM BOARD,OPPONENTS TN PASSING upon the efficacy 'with which the federal farm board has accomplished the tasks set before it since organization, let no one minimize the fact that it has had the active opposition of some of the most able men in the lines of business in which the Legge body has engaged. The big grain men of the country, motivated, of course, by consideration of their own welfare, would like nothing more than to see the varm board fall down on its job. Thus, in addition to the task of enlisting the co-operation of growers who stand to gain by the farm board act, the board has had io combat the cleverly conceived assaults of those who have, a selfish basis for antagonism. A proper allowance for this factor cannot but make one more tolerant of the administration's farm relief program as it has developed up to this time. JUST WHAT DOES HE BUILD? lG BILL THOMPSON of Chicago bills himself as "Big Bill the Builder." Somebody could embarrass him to the point of mortification by demanding an example of just what it is that Big Bill builds. Not a subway for Chicago. Not a savory reputation for Chicago. Not a prestige for Illinois or the nation. If his opponents wished to resort to his clownish tactics,' they could with superior justification sloganize the alliteration, "Big Bill the Big Bust." OTHER EDITORS IOWA ROAD BUILDING PRAISED Audubon Advocate: The appointment of Thomas Way to the state highway commission has all the earmarks of the plucking of a political plum. We hope that we are wrong in that opinion. The highway commission should not be tampered with for political purposes. The men who have handled the work of that body for the past few years have done their work in a manner that can be equaled by no other state. , There has .never been the slightest murmur of graft or mishandling of funds. They have handled their work well. We hear of the much vaunted "efficiency" of the Missouri state highway commission. Their methods are copied all over the United States. We give them due credit for that efficiency--but Iowa has the paving, and at no greater cost than that in other states. We believe that the governor would have been wise -in retaining the old members of the commission to continue their work as planned. It would have been in keeping with that portion of his inaugural address that dealt with the question of roads. OLSON AND THE GAG LAW Editor and Publisher: Governor Floyd B. Olson of Minnesota, who as county attorney in Minneapolis evoked the Minnesota gag law to suppress the Saturday Press, now favors repeal of the law because he is afraid it may be used to suppress Farmer-Labor papers of the state, organs" of the party which elected him, according to J. M. Near, editor of the Saturday Press at the time it was put out of business. In a message to Editor Publisher, Mr. Near enclosed letters he had sent to legislators in which he said that "a repeal is merely a camouflage under which Farmer-Labor publications in the state hope to escape suppression in the event the statute is held constitutional by the U. S. Supreme Court." itt.would rather remain under the bitter restrictions of that gag," he wrote, "than see Floyd Olson use it at his pleasure: First to gag a publication that dared question his official record, and second, to repeal it that his journalistic friends might belabor those who honestly differed with him and them--and escape the gag- law's full effect." -- i » JUDGE FINDS SALTIS A FARMER La Crosse, Wls., Tribune: Press dispatches from Chicago inform us that "Joe" Saltis, listed as one of Chicago's undesirable citizens, has been successful In convincing an Illinois judge that he is engaged in farming in Sawyer county, Wisconsin. We are perfectly willing "Joe" should continue in this state if he is intent on really tilling the soil and living the life of the ordinary citizen. If, however, his ·farm" m Sawyer county Is simply to be a resort for other notables from Chicago listed as undesirables, we believe the Sawyer county officials should furnish Saltis with information that Wisconsin has vagrancy laws and is capable of enforcing them. LOVVDEN REMEMBERED HUBBARD Howard County Times (Cresco): When Gov. Frank O. Lowden heard that the people of Hubbard, Hardin county, had recently founded a library he immediately donated a fine new Encyclopedia and accompanied it with a cash donation as well, which was extremely pleasing to those individuals and organizations sponsoring the library. The life of the former Illinois governor is closely interwoven with the early history of Hubbard and of Hardin county. THE STATE MUST KEEP FAITH Algona.Advance: Whether the state paving bond issue is desirable seems no longer the real question. The real issue is keeping faith with the voters who have authorized county issues on the understanding that the state would take them over. From this standpoint it would seem that the thing to do is to authorize the road bonds. It is too late now to question the wisdom of doing so. AL COULD NOT WIN Spencer News-Herald: We have great admiration for former Gov. Alfred E. Smith, but he can never win the presidential election in 1932. The democrats might as well forget him as a possible candidate and center their attention on a man much more likely to win--. Gov. Roosevelt, for instance, and there may be others but not Mr. Smith. TWO TROUBLE MAKERS Kewance Star-Courier: Between Gen. William A. Mitchell and Maj. Gen. Smedley Butler, the war department has a hard time. Now the war department must be quite willing to let the state department go bail for Mr. Butler, probably by sending an "Excuse it, please" to II Duce. HAMMILL'S ADMINISTRATION Storm Luke Pilot-Tribune: John Hammill gave the state of Iowa a good administration, free from any taint o£ graft, scandal or corruption. His farewell message, declared by hearers to have been the best of any that he read during his term of office, showed a thoro insight into the affairs of the state. He steps out of office with the beat wishes of Iowa. -- ^ · i^ ONK OR THE OTHER Albia Union-Republican: If Gov. Turner lives to see his.program accomplished, he will be one of two things--the greatest governor Iowa ever had or the biggest bust in Iowa'a political history. CREDIT TO MR. HOOVER Gruniiy Register: If President Hoover is responsible for everything that has gone bad, he should be given credit for giving us a mild winter. 3 THE OLD HOME TOWN . . . . . . By Stanley CAN HANG HIM NEXT TO THAT OF SAUSAGE MEAT AND' IU. WATCH HIM THROUGH THE SIDE WJINDO\N -WHEN HE STARTS TO MOVE HIM THAWED HIM OUT ·\N)NTBie x JEFF; MARSHAL. OTEY \VAUER FOUNC- THE HOOTSTOWN BUS Diswere so COLD THEY HAD TO PUT H)M JN THE CE BOX AT THE PALACE MEAT MARKST HIM OUT IM TIME TO MAKE THE LATE TR|p DIET and HEALTH I By LOGAN CLENB1CNING, M. I. Author of "THE HUMAN BODY" Dr. Clcndenlng cannot Olngnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questions are of general Interest* however, they will be tnken up, In order. In the dally column. Address your queries TO Dr. Losan deadening, care of The Clobe-GazeUe- Write leglhly and not more thnn 200 wonin. HOME CANNING KILLS VITAMIN C PRESERVING food has a great many advantages in L the way of assuring all-year-round variety on the table. The question arises as to whether preserved foods contain all the essential ingredibnts of fresh foods. Of course we know that preserving will not destroy the basic elements of the food any more than cooking will. The protein, fat and carbohydrate content, and the minerals will not be disturbed. What about the vitamins? This is a highly pertinent^ question in the case of fruits and vegetables, "because their"greatest contribution to the'meal may be said to be the furnishing of vitamin C. To answer the question briefly--home preserving usually destroys vitamin C. Modern commercial methods of canning, however, keep practically all the vitamins practically intact. Vitamin A, the fat-soluble vitamin found in the fat of milk and eggs, in liver and fish oils and in the leafy parts of some vegetables --is not changed to any extent by cooking or by home preserving. If exposed to air during a long slow process of cooking it is gradually destroyed. The modern processing of canned foods, during which they are placed in vacuum until the oxy* gen is removed from their inter- Dr. ClenIenIn B spaces, prevents this. Vitamin B, found in egg yolk, yeast, the germ and bran layer of seeds, such as wheat and rice, is, according to our latest theories, really two vitamins. It has been suggested that they be called F and G, while the combination of the two, as they are found in nature, still be called B. The G element seems to withstand heating for a considerable time and at high temperatures. But the F element is destroyed by the amount of heat used in cooking and canning. Vitamin D, found in animal fats, notably cod- liver oil, is very resistant to heat, and to oxidation, and is not destroyed by the ordinary preserving processing. It should be added, however, that it is not found to any great amount in foods usually preserved. Vitamin C, found in fresh fruits and vegetables and in milk, so essential for health at all ages and for a feeling of vigor, is the one we are most interested In bccauKC it is found so especially in fcods ordinarily selected for preserving and canning. Heating destroys very considerable amounts of vitamin C. Modern commercial canning processes, however, by the means of heating fruits and vegetables only after they have been subjected to a vacuum to remove all the oxygen, have succeeded in keeping the vitamin C content of their product almost intact. Canned fruits and vegetables, prepared according to these modern methods, contain as much of the vitamins as the raw product ordinarily served on the table. EDITOR'^ NOTE: Four pfunphtets nnd four articles by Dr. ClcnOenlni; can now be obtained by sending 10 cents in coin for cach~pamphlet am! 2 cents in coin for ach article. \vltti a self-addressed, stamped envelope, to Dr. Logan dera- tioning, In care of thig paper, or Central Press Association, 1-135 East Twelfth atreet, Cleveland, Ohio. The pamphlets ore: "Reducing and Gaining," " I n f a n t Feeding." "Instructions for ttie Treatment of Diabetes" and "Feminine Kyelcne." The articles are: "Normal Diet," "Diet of the Expectant Mother," "Tuberculosis" and "The Atonic Abdominal Wall." THE ONE MINUTE PULPIT--Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal. The Lord knowelh them that are his. And. Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.--II Timothy, ii, 10. EARLIER DAYS n Holly Cnmnllatlnn of InterenllnK . lleinH from the "Twenty Yeara Ayo" tiles of the filobe-Gareltc. - FEB. 10, 1011 As the season approaches, those interested in the national game" are thinking of Mason City's future on the baseball map and as a result there will be a meeting Wetinesday night at the Iowa State bank of all those interested in a club for this city during the 1911 season. Letters have been received by the officials of last year's team from Dan Dougherty, who is acting as trainer for a normal institute in Chicago, which state that the nervy second sacker of the past season's nine has a line on some mighty good players for a local team if Mason City desires his services. William Connors writes from his home in Bloomington, 111., that he is ready to serve as he did last season and is anxious to know if there will be anything doing here. Mr. Kohl, who played short for Eldora until that team, disbanded, and finished the season under Manager Connors here, has been a resident of thia clti!_,duriag the off season; being associated with the Ti£. 'drug company in a clerical capacity--at the State street store and later as manager of the north end drug store. Mr. Koh is undoubtedly one of the fastest players In semi-professional baseball and would probably be glad to connect up with the local team. Judge Lindsey will tell you of his experiences in the capacity of judge of Denver's famous juvenile court at the Wilson opera house, Thursday. Hear him. Mrs. Frank Harmon Is In the city visiting at the home of W. S. Winders. Frank Harmon was formerly manager of the Iowa Lumber company and Is now cashier at the bank In Shell Rock. Thomas Arthur left last night for Chicago. Mr Ar thur will attend to the booking of vaudeville acts for the Princess theater and transact other business in the metropolis. D. W. Henry, superintendent of the Colby Motor company, ig expected home tomorrow from a 'business trip to Chicago and Milwaukee. Harry Wells has sold his interest in the Vermilya cafe where he bos been for some years and has taken a part interest in the Delmonico cafe. Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Pauley will entertain a few mends this evening at a dinner party. W. A. Russel, contractor, took his departure for Minneapolis to visit his sister, Mrs. Quick, who will be remembered «s Misg Marietta Russel Miss Harriet Stoddurd, who lost fall was in Chicago taking instruction in art, has returned and is ready to receive her pupils. She has been teaching for three or four years in this city before going to Chicago to take additional instruction v^nicago The birthdays of Col. Absalom Gale and Abraham Lincoln occur on the same day but Monday will be celebrated and for that reason the banks of the city will be closed Monday. . * "Flowers are the sweetest things that God ever made and forgot to put a soul into."--Henry Ward .Beechcr. Young man why not send her a box from Kemhles on St. Valentine's day. T. A. Potter has been confined to his home quite ill. A physician has been in attendance since Wednesday and Mr. Potter is much better. Mr. Potter was m Chicago on business and returned the early part Q. Did the income tax yield as much In 1030 as In 1039 ? R. V. A. No. In 1929 it amounted to $2,- J02,805,758.87; In 1930, it amounted to 52,332,068,303.96, a loss of $189,837,364.91. Q. What part of tno total number of automobiles Is owned by people living in cities and towns? T. D. A. Of the 26,700,000 passenger cars and trucks on the nation's highways, all but 6,000,000 are city owned. Q. Can a omit less man enter the Edward Bok sanctuary in Florida? T. B. A. Men must wear coats. J. Why are the edges of our coins milled? H. D. A. In order to prevent persons ,'rom scraping them down and thus reducing their weight. Q. If the body of nn army officer s cremated, is he still entitled to bural In Arlington? R. W, S. A. He may be burled in Arlington. The ashes are placed in the grave which is assigned the same as if the body had not been cremated. Q. Please send me Information on low I can enter the auto racing ;nmo. Can I get a job driving for Homo auto manufacturing company or do you have to own your own racer? L. V. T. A. The qualifications necessary Tor a driver to enter the automobile races are that he be registered with the Contest board of the American Automobile association and in good standing with them, and have sufficient experience to positively warrant the officials permitting his to drive. It ig necessary for an applicant for registration with the American Automobile association to qualify before receiving a license. The only exceptions to this *re when an applicant is approved by one of their representatives, or has the indorsement of three prominent and well-known drivers. Drivers sometimes own their own machines, but in a majority of cases, they are owned by the manufacturers notably such racing organizations as the Chevrolet brothers and Duesenberg- broth- srs. Q. What slate first observed Arbor day? F. B. A. Nebraska. The first Arbor day was on April 10, 1872, on which occasion more than 1,000,000 trees were planted. Q. Which one of our national songs was written In honor of George Washington? w. D. A. When Washington was first inaugurated as president in New York,.in 1789, the orchestra leader, a German named Pheil, at the John Street theater composed "The President's March" in honor of George Washington and played" it when Washington attended the theater. The march immediately struck the public fancy. In the summer of 1789, a young man in the theater company for whom a benefit concert was to be given, asked Joseph Hopkinson to write an original song for the occasion. This song, set to the tune of the President's March, was Hail Columbia as we know It today. It was called the President's March in contradistinction to the March of the Revolution called Washington's March. Q. Aro persons often sufficiently III from mmlnirn to keen them from work? S. T. A. Dr. Charles F. Fabst says 200 000 working clays are lost yearly because of illness due to sunburn. BO-BROADWAY ~Of JOSEI'Il VAN MEW YORK, Feb. 10.--Well, the ·I'last stone has been laid in the; new Waldorf-Astoria, and tha ho-i tel stands completed as to exterior masonry, towering 47 stories above Park avenue--the tallest hotel on earth. New York's pride in the Waldorf has something civic about it. It is as much a. part oC the town as its harbor, its skyline, Broadway, Central Park, the Library Lions, the Metropolitan, Opera House, Fifth avenue, Riverside drive or Wall street. '*' * * M ERITED PRESTIGE -- Thirty years ago, and more, the old red brick building at Thirty-fourth street and Fifth avenue, where Al Smith's Empire State building now stands, came into being. There were numerous caravansaries about town, definitely placed In the public consciousness--hogtelries famous In song and story the world over. Invading that phalanx of prestige and eventually topping it, was no easy task. It wasn't an overnight job. It took years and years of patient and punctilious adherence to an ideal. Eventually the lumbering pile settled into n niche all its own. The name became symbolic. ·* * * W ISTFUL MEMOIRS -- Those were the "good old days," antedating ' prohibition ·-- when "life rolled along like a song," when New York was studded with funny little Inns and places where a man could pause in the day's grind to acquire new exhilaration' with which to cheat the stony sermons of the street. Those were the times before we had forgotten how to sprawl-when men still understood the value of the "nonchalance of camaraderie." The fondest memories of :he old Waldorf cluster about the :afe In the east wing. There it was that the "Cocktail 3our" originated. You could drop n any tlmo after the Market closed -- when the ticker had eased off in- .0 a weary staccato -- and encoun- :er a group of rare human spirits taking their ease in their inn. All of them happy and healthy enough to relax for on hour or two, because only happy and healthy people know how to relax. . Fragrant smoke-wreaths like oamer that Idles ln/the - ' YOUR:E THE JUDGE TIMMY SWACK was learning to be a machinist in J the shop of Bill Wolkes, which stood in the rear of the house in which Bill and his family lived. Young Jimmy struck up an acquaintance with Sammy, Bill's young son, and in time the two boys became friendly. Bill Wolkes and his wife noticed small amounts of money missing from the cash drawer of the shop and they set a few traps. After waiting a while they found their son pilfering the cash drawer. When they asked him about it he said that he had been taking the money for Jimmy, who had asked him to do t for him. Bill had Jimmy arrested for larceny. How would you decide this case? Sfabc up your mind before you read the decision. · The dccExion: v^ ^ The court held Jimmy was not gtillty- Thc judges reasoned t h u n : The apprentice was charged with stealing the money, but the fact tvfls that he wafl acting tnni an agent. The agent, therefore, was the perpetrator. The apprentice, therefore, could pot be held. JUST FOLKS Copjrrlnhleil 1931 - KDfiAR A. GtTEST- THOTS WHILE PACKING A GRIP MYSELF Toothbrush, razor, blades and brush Tossed together in a rush; Nightiee, dress shirt, shoes and hose! Where the fltucfs are, goodne.ss knows! Brushes, comb and necktie black, Grips are things which wives should pack, But she's out and I don't know What stays homo and what must go. Underwear nnd evening vest. When you get there have it pressed! Wonder if there's room enough In the case for all this stuff? If I jam it in perhaps I can close it with the straps. Why can't mother hurry back When she knows I've got to pack? Guess I'd better look once more! There's my bathrobe, on the door! Slippers, throat spray, that must go, But I'll never use it tho. Once again I'll run the list Making sure that nothing's missed. Toothbrush, razor, blades and comb, Why can't mother stay at home? / One more look and one more check, Coat and vest and they're a wreck! But the trousers. Where are they? Still upon the hook they stay! What if T had gone to f i n d I had left my pants behind? .She'd have heard some language black Out of me when I irnt. back. x mer air. The steady hum of conversation was broken now and then by music of contented laughter-- to say nothing- of that daintier melody of ice clinking against silver and crystal. The servitors were velvet- footed, discerning, capable-- men in love with their jobs-- artists. A "clearing- house of the spirit " that old Waldorf bar. * · * nENDEZVOUS FOR TODAY IV AND Y E S T E R D A Y -- Then came a change, as nil things human change. The New Dispensation. The modern slant. In the recrudescence of the Waldorf, uptown a little further and In the heart of Park avenue, the most difficult task that confronts its president, Lucius Boomer, is the harmonious merging of past and present _ the perpetuation, in the new Waldorf, of all that was comfortable and roomy and human and kind and food, in the old place. For the new Waldorf represents the mingling of two generations -- a place where Dad and Mother may repair to flirt with sun-fringed shadows while Sonny and the Girls dally in some distant precinct of the inn, coquetting with the angularities of Today. Who's Who and Timely Views SUGGESTION OFFERED FOR SURPLUS COTTON By ELLISON D. SMITH Senator From South Carolina A SOLUTION of the problem resultant from the surplus of cotton would be the purchase of present superfluous cotton by the federal farm board to be held for farmers on the condition that the producers reduce their cotton acreage in proportion to the quantity of cotton thus h e l d for them. When the purchased cotton is sold, the stabilization corporation for cotton ·would deduct the purchase p r i c e plus the carrying charges nnd would allow the Senator E. D. Smith farmers the net profit. The condition of agriculture thru- out the United States has been so depressed for the last several years that it has become perhaps the most vital problem confronting the American people today. The return for farm products, the price per unit of farm products was so out of line with the prices of industrial products that It has led to a national disnstcr. In all probability the carryover of American cotton in America, Aug. 1, 1331, will be very large, therefore, it' is of vital importance not only to producers of cotton in the south, but to the entire American commercial world what Is to be done to avoid the certain disaster that must follow the production of another average cotton crop A stabilization corporation has been set up but it has not purchased the surplus cotton. I understand the grain stabilization corporation has purchased large amounts of wheat and has already advanced the world's level of price. A market will have to be found for the wheat thus purchased and unless the wheat crop of this year is substantially reduced, the same condition will confront the wheat grower aa now confronts the cotton grower. Would it not be feasible for the corporation to allocate among the wheat producers the wheat thus held by them, thereby guaranteeing a reduction in acreage and the profitable rise in the price of wheat during the next marketing season? I do not see why this plan put into operation would not be a sola- tion of all subsequent overproduction. If carried out successfully, it will convert an impending disaster into a blessing. It would guarantco a reduction of acreage, a. reduction in surplus, diversified farming, and a profitable return on staple crops.

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