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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, AUGUST 1 Â·Â§ 193* MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. \V. LEE NEWSPAPER lijsued Every Week Day by tb* MASON CITX GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 But State street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS . . . . Publisher W. EARL HALL - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM . - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER. Â» Advertising Manager MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS nhlcb Is exclusively entitled to the USB for publication of all newi plapatches credited to It or Dot otherwise credited In this paper, and all local sewi. MEMBER.. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, Witt Del Koines Dewi and business offices it 4015 ShopB Building. SUBSCRIPTION BATES Union city and clear Lake. . by tie week EE S .18 Jtaaon City and dear Lake, oy tue year .-.. $7.00 OUTSIDE MASO.N CIIT AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier ..--... 17.00 By mall fl months 12.00 Per week by carrier $ .10 By mall 3 months ...... $126 Ped year by mall W.OO By mull 1 month ....~... 3 .60 OUTSIDE 100 WJE ZONE Per year $8.00 Six months. ... 53 00 Three months. .11.75 - NO CENTRAL BANK THE UNITED STATES senate has overwhelmingly ^ rejected the Nye proposal for a central bank which would control credit and currency for the entire United States. The plan for one big bank was advanced by Senator Gerald P. Nye of South Dakota as a substitute for the compromise banking bill now before the senate. The idea of a central "Bank of the United States of America," with full powers to issue money and regulate credit, is not the fruit of Senator Nye's brain. It. is a product of the philosophy of Father Charles E. Coughlin of Detroit who has been promulgating it over the air for several years. Senate conservatives, like Glass, and administration members opposed the ineasure from the start. The deciding vote on the central bank substitute, 59 to 10, was evidence that Father Coughlin's theories of banking find few friends in the United States senate. Ever since the days of Alexander Hamilton, the theory of a national bank along the lines of the Bank of England has haunted Washington. Plain to most students of money and banking today is the fact that currency and credit in the United States have become far too decentralized to be operated from one great clearing house as in England. Dealing with eight or ten major banks, and through them with branches, as in England, is far different from dealing with some 15,000 diversified banks in the United States. Furthermore, all attempts on the part of the federal government to control banking have been, resisted to the limit. In spite of the banking collapse of. 1933, the Federal Deposit Insurance corporation has not yet been able to get all of the nation's banks under its wing. The federal reserve system does not begin to include all the nation's banks. ' In refusing to entertain the idea of a central bank of issue and authority, the senate has soundly spanked Mr. Nye and indirectly rebuked Father Coughlin. Washington believes that the federal reserve, with improvements and extensions, is still the best system for American banking. This arises from the belief that the crash of March, 1933, was more the result of bankers than banking. PERTINENT or IMPERTINENT A thing too much forgotten is that the dictatorial powers used by a beneficent despot for the "average man's" welfare may be used by his successor to crush out liberty. It's a tribute to the auditory sensitiveness of congress If it heard any call from the people to continue its session through summer. He who sees no threat at the constitution In the present aituation just isn't capable of recognizing realities. It's probably unfortunate that Uncle Sam and Santa Claus have such a marked facia! resemblance. The favorite pastime of those confined in "death row" at Fort Madison is listed as "skipping the rope." What becomes of the relievers when the relief, offices are closed? Ethiopia may yet know how little Belgium lelt. Contemporary synonyms: Yes-men, congressmen. DAILY SCRAP BOOK By SCOTT OTHER VIEWPOINTS A CLEAN RECORD Tom W. Purcell in Hampton Chronicle: A. H. Barnes, for many years publisher of the Eagle Grove Eagle, celebrated his eighty-sixth birthday one day last week. He retired from the editorship of the Eagle a few months ago, and turned the business over to his son, Ward Barnes, who had been associated with him for some time. A. H, Barnes is of the old school, of which the world at this time has too few. His clean life and his clean record in all things has made him popular with all who knew him, and his influence will live in the lives of many of those who have been his close associates and neighbors. We hope to be able to say the same of Ward when he hits the eighty-sixth degree, and so far he is leading his dad a race for high honors. Barnes 1 father and son, have been a great asset to the business and civic life of Eagle Grove. LOBBYING AT ITS WORST T-A.ST WEEK saw a glaring example oÂ£ the aflmims- -,..-'-' tration's disregard for propriety in attempting to Influence- congress, when the house conferees on the utility bill, headed by a leading democrat, walked out of the conference because two of the president's brain-trusters had presumed to sit in the meeting. They were there to tel! congress what to do, and it was regarded as astounding that the democratic chairman of the house committee protested, and demanded that they either leave or that the conference be declared an open session and the public and press invited to hear what went on. Lobbying is all wrong when the "power trust" does it; but when the reformers do it it becomes blessed! This is a government of divided powers--or so it has. been up to the present. In the past the representatives of the people have properly resented any effort by the executive to encroach upon their exclusive province of legislation. It is not the administration's business to browbeat and bully congress; it is its business to enforce the laws congress passes. It may not be unfair to say that the "power lobby" went to such nasty lengths because the administration lobby was itself going so far beyond fairness. Nothing can excuse the actions of some. of the power company representatives if they were responsible for the sending of thousands of unauthorized telegrams to influence congress against the "death sentence" utilities bill--a thing that has been denied, incidentally. But neither can anything excuse the actions of the administration's henchmen, who threatened to give or withhold jobs for the needy in congressmen's districts according to their votes on this measure. One must honor the democratic congressmen, led by Representative Huddleston of Alabama, who had the courage to defy their own party leadership and resent the intrusion of the brain-trust lobbyists. Â· IT WOULDN'T WORK fXrlTH the Council Bluffs Nonpareil, we have doubts concerning the proposal to nominate the strongest candidates in the republican party through conference or "pre-primary convention." A principal objection to it, as we see it, is that it wouldn't work. In the first place it would be difficult, if not impossible, to assemble such a gathering on 'any logical basis. If the state central committee attempted it, there would be a general belief that it had exceeded its authority. If the meeting were convened on a voluntary basis, nobody would feel bound by its action. And Imagine any such conference of republicans- made up of extremes to the right and left--agreeing on a. candidate! Then consider what would come about if all these obstacles were brushed aside and an unity candidate really selected. There isn't any reason to believe that disappointed candidates would feel that the field was SMALLER COINS? Lime Springs Herald: A movement is under way to coin money in fractions of cents. There would be 5 mill and 1 mill pieces if the movement is successful. Coinage would be done by the federal government, it is planned. State sales taxes- are said to make it convenient to have mill coins.- Where there are now straight percentage levies, the buyers frequently pay more than the original percentage levy. It is our opinion, however, that we in the United States have little use for a coin smaller than one cent. In the days when you never heard of "Prosperity is just around the corner," folks abhorred carrying around even pennies. Now, can you imagine them carrying around a dime's worth of mills--10 to a penny--that's 100. Ob boy! BRIGHT IDEA IN DAKOTA Emmons, Minn., Leader: Gov. Tom Berry of South Dakota--democrat--had the right idea Monday. When the farmers of his state found themselves bogged down trying to harvest their first big grain crop in years for want of help, Berry issued an edict "no work, no eat," and shut down all the relief stations in his state. Now the farmers are getting their crops safely harvested and the 25,000 relief men are "earning their bread by the sweat of their brows" at $1.50 a day and board. Why couldn't the big democrat chief in Washington think up something as sensible as that? ROBBING PETER TO PAY PAUL Osage Press: Why did the Iowa legilsature pass that rather silly law whereby a man gets credit on his poll tax lor payment of his old age pension tax. The taxing municipalities need certain amounts ot money for the things they are expected to do; and the law simply did one of two things: Forced the increase of the poll tax levy, or deprived the treasury of necessary funds. Why didn't the lawmakers go a step further and order that the old age fund be entirely made up from poll tax receipts? ^--^OR SKIS IN FLORIDA Weilman Advan.ce: Norman Baker, the Muscatine cancer "specialist," announces, between moments of preparing to defend himself against charges of violating the medical practices act, that it may be nece- sary for him to be a candidate for governor next year. Most people of sound mind will believe that it will be about as necessary as overcoats in Iowa in July, or mosquitoes, or stratosphere balloons, or the Western league. BURMESE A r f H L E l . ROW ON-Tb A. FRAME BUILT OH , AMP tfiROWlNCi OHE LE| OVER. TftE OA.R, OBSERVING am interested in the criti clsm directed by the Ameri can Bar association of th newspapers' handling of the Haupt mann trial for the kidnaping an murder of the Lindbergh baby, se forth In the following language: "To treat a simple trial as a pub lie show, as was done in the sensa Uonal Hauptmann trial, is to cheap en life itself by causing people gen orally to undervalue the life of thi criminal, and to increase the mor bid desires of sensation seekers." While I would not defend all thai wtf done in reporting the trial in question, I submit that it could no by any stretch of the imagination be pictured as a "simple trial." It involved a brutal crime so cleverly covered up that the perpetratoi was uncaught for many months I! involved perhaps the best known LEMUR. 1$ NAMED AFTER AM AFRICAN WORD WHicU MEANT JHOS, BECAUSE ITS CAT"-LIKE Â£/Â£.$ SHINE. IH 1HE DARK, AMP tflVE AM EFFECT oF 5POOKIMES5 CcpyrtjM. IMS. Iw Ontnl PTMt Auociitiol. tot. 8"I DIET and HEALTH Dr. Clendenlng canot diagnose or give personal answers to letters from readers. When questlous are of general Interest, however, they will be taken up, In order, In the dally column. Address your Inquiries to Dr. Logan Clenderjlng, care of The Globe-Gazette. Writs legibly and not more than 200 words. COMING BOOM-Sheffield Press: There is talk again oj the "coming American boom." Improved business prospects are responsible for this expectation. The huge supply of money hi this country affords the basis for a credit expansion which would rapidly produce conditions similar to the 1929 era. THOSE STRIKING BAKER* WORKERS Elkader Register: They wish to compel every one who works in these bakeries to become a member ot their unions. They are trying to establish a monopoly of labor in these institutions and prevent anyone else getting a job there. AN EDITORIAL GOLDEN RULE Eagle Grove Eagle: Long winded editorials are not read. Longer winded sermons put the listener to sleep. Always leave 'em wishing you had said or written more! What noted evangelist remarked, "No souls are saved after 20 minutes?" COPYING HUEY'S PLAN Thompson Courier: The fact that a tax plan which amounts to a "redistribution of wealth plan" has been offered to congress, may indicate that the white house thought Huey Long was right after all. "By 1.0GAS CLENDENING, M. D.~ DISTURBED EMOTIONS CAUSE PAIN THE TIRED patient, who ieeis toxic and weak, was i discussed yesterday. We are forced to the conclusion that the cause, in most instances, is not physical, but a combination of mental and emotional inadequacy to meet the stress of life. To those who experience some difficulty in believing that so much disability could be caused by the work or the mind, it may be said that emotions can produce any symptom. Pain, for instance, is usually an indication of some real disorder. It is Nature's danger signal. It seems to most people to mean something real. Besides, you hardly would suppose that anyone would impose anything- so uncomfortable as pain on himself. Yet it happens--often. The reasons are various and not easy to determine, but the fact remains that pain can be due to emotion. And as an eminent American student of the problem points out, EARLIER DAYS Belni Â«, Dally Compilation of Uitwtitlot, Items from the TM, Twenty and Thirty Years Ago FUea of the Globe-Gazette. Or Clendenine the -ain is not imaginary. These people do have some sorl of pain, although one cannot defend them to the point of saying that the pain is not exaggerated. Heart Pain From Emotion. Pain over the heart--pseudo-angina--occurs often from emotional origin. A woman of 33 was overly conscientious, addicted to self-medication. She would frequently count her own pulse. She had palpitation of the heart. One day she suddenly developed pain over the heart, for which she sought medical consultation. The pain radiated down her arm and left leg. It was constant, whether at rest or exertion. This differentiated it from true angina, because rest usually relieves that. Careful examination failed to reveal any physical basis for the pain. Hopeful skepticism was expressed, and she was given capsules containing a sedative. She took these a few days, but experienced no relief. She gave an emotional description of the antics of her heart, none of which couid be confirmed on examination. The mechanism of her symptoms was "denounced," a procedure which she did not enjoy. She had dominated her family for years, played the despot but in spite of her firm hold, her sister had announced her intention of marrying a man of whom this patient did not approve. When she did it anyway, the "angina" Thirty Years Ago-Miss Anna Vitzer was the guest of relatives in" Carpenter yesterday. Mrs. B. F. Felt of Wesley is visiting relatives in the city this week. Col. Sam Hoyt returned last night from a few days' business visit in Minneapolis, Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Eldridge of Clarion are visiting in the city today. Col. Henry rame ol Decorah is getting acquainted with a number- of his old friends in the city this week. Mrs. W. G. C. Bagley and children left today for Minneapolis for a week's visit with relatives there. Mist Edith Humphrey of Utica, N. Y., is visiting her stepmother, Mrs. S. M. Graves, at 823 South In- iand avenue for several days. Twenty Team'Ago- Larger and more convenient offices for the Y. M. C. A. have been procured in the K. of P. building on East State street. LONDON--Warsaw is still in the possession of the Russians although there are increasing indications that Grand Duke Nicholas is withdrawing his army from the Polish salient WASHINGTON--Official confirmation of the reoccupation of Mexico City by Carranza's army under Gen.ral Gonzales haÂ» reached the state department. EL PASO, Tex.--General Villa, addressing a gathering at Chihuahua City yesterday, said "the American government can go to hell," and later confiscated a number of stores, took 42 merchants to jail in order to raise a forced loan, later executing six of tLe prisoners. The local Eagles' lodge yesterday moved its quarters from the room in the Cerro Gordo hotel to the old Elks' building at the corner of State and Michigan streets. Mr. and Mrs. L. S. Fansler and family of Rockwell visited here yesterday. person in America, if not in the world. It would seem to me that the bar could much better direct its attention to the shortcomings in justice for which it is responsible--interminable delays in the holding of trials and interminable delays after sentence has been pronounced, by way of example. .And the Hauptmann case is in particularly good point as to the latter. insist that it's the tenth driver who causes most of the trouble on our streets and h i g h w a y s . Nine drivers out of ten are careful and law- abiding. They could operate their cars on our highways for the next 50 years and probably never have a scratched fender. But along comes that tenth driver, weaving in and out of traffics, and upsets everything. The careless and the careful alike must take the consequences. Drivers' license laws are aimed at eliminating that dangerous tenth driver from the traffic picture. Where they are well administered, they are succeeding an doing just that About half our states now have standard license laws. If you reside in one, count yourself lucky. If not, do what you can to convince your legislator* that a drivers' license law should be passed. ^Â·^ agree with A. E. B. in his jBx^ contention that water plugs ^E^ sprinkled about the city should be lowered to either sidewalk or parking level. He has a bruise on one of his feet to support his vocal contention, suffered on Federal avenue in the northern part of the city. Every time I see one of these plugs sticking above sidewalk or parking level, I think of the barefoot lad who stands in danger of tripping over it. He always comes off "second best" in a collision with metal. am interested in the official government testa by the bureau of entomology which show that destructive termites can penetrate lime mortar but are effectively stopped by mortar made with portland cement. Building code provisions recommended by department of agriculture entomologists for termite protection, emphasize the importance of portland cement mortar. Termites live on cellulose, a chief constituent of wood, and have been known to eat their way from end to end of a frame building before detection. They enter wood structures through the ground. All recommended practice for keeping termites out of buildings includes dense concrete Posts, columns, foundations or floors between the earth and structural members of timber. The bureau of entomology- tests were conducted in an effort to find the most effective combinations of materials for termite proof foundations below ground. Test foundation walls were built in soil known to be infested with termites. Different materials and different kinds of mortar were used. The test walls were either capped with sections of timbers or had timbers embedded: It was shown that termites could not penetrate masonry with joints of portland cement mortar, but had no difficulty in reaching the wood in masonry laid with lime mortar. It was also shown that carefully p.aced concrete is an effective barrier to termites. As a result of these tests, official recommendations advise against the use of mortar containing more than ten per cent of line by weight. --o-used to wonder what would happen when the writers of fiction had used op every conceivable plot. This worry ex:ended to the movies. What would hey do when all the stories within he imagination of the scenario producers had been exhausted. I don't concern myself about this much any more for the reason that now know the answer. When all the lots of fiction and movies have been used, they'll be wormed over and used again. As a matetr of fact hat's just what has been happening or lo these many years. I've heard it said that there are ly seven fuudamental jokes in ex- stence today. All of the thousands foing the rounds can be classified nder one of these seven headings. The same is undoubtedly true of fic- ion plots. No two sets of finger 'rints have ever been identical and presume the same can be said of tories", Not more than a dozen. essentially different stories have ver been told, I am convinced. got better. Fear Causes Pain. HOW ABOUT SHARING DEBTS? Waukon Republican and Standard: Now that Roosevelt and Hooey Long are vying for the "Share the Wealth" votes, we're going out after more votes by organizing a "Share the Debts" club. GIVE THEM BROAD BACKS Whittemore Champion: Another reason why we should see to it that our children are well prepared for life is that they may be able to shoulder tbe debt we are going to leave them. foreclosed. Nothing in the Jaw would bar them from entering tha race. And what a story they would have! "I'm not a hand-picked candidate," such a candidate could shout from the stump. "I wouldn't truckle to the demands of the king-makers so they set me adrift. But I recognize no sovereign other than the people of Iowa." While our affection for the primary system is limited indeed, We are convinced that so long as it is on the books, it must be the means by which party candidates are chosen. We greatly prefer a system of regulated caucuses and conventions for the nomination of candidates. But we want legal sanction for such a change before it is effected. RECREATION BUT NO RESULTS Rudd Review: Editing a. paper without ruffling anybody's feelings is like fishing without a hook on your line--you get lotsj)f recreation but no results. THE JOB FOR EINSTEIN Wesley News-World: Einstein says that nothing is unlimited. Maybe he is .the professor who is working out our national relief expenditures. AMERICA LEADS Marengo Pioneer-Republicn: Here in America we excel in nearly everything we undertake. For example there is the size of our public debt. It had been brought on by emotion, partly as a means to keep her sister under submission. Another cause of pain is fear. Cancer phobia is frequently responsible. A woman who dominated her family by illness was much in fear of cancer. She insisted on being examined once a fortnight or so. Nothing wrong was ever found. She developed a pain to the side of her head which she insisted was cancer. When it was explained that cancer did not grow in the head, she still had the pain. She wanders from doctor to doctor, trying to find one who will operate on. her. Someday she will find one. ONCE OVERS UNIVERSAL QUESTION Swea City Herald: What good purpose can be served by keeping congress in session any longer? EDITOR'S MAIL BAG A LITTLE STUDY IN PROPORTION MASON CITY, July 31.--If 40 cents is charged for cutting the hair of a poor child, aged 10 years, what should be the price of a haircut for a city councilman, aged 50 years? Worked by proportion--10 is to SO as 40 is to X. (40x50) divided by 10 equals $2, the proper price of a councilman's haircut. M. J. DDCON ^^^^^^~~~'^~ By J. J. MBNDy"" LIFE IS A HARD SCHOOL VOU may be greatly distressed because a son or a i daughter in school, is not making the progress you desire and expect. Unfortunately, you think your child among the brightest in school. You want that child to be numbered among those who stand highest. There are always those who carry off the honors by being top students. But have you ever observed that those who leam the most quickly are just as quick in forgetting their knowledge? Many a "flash" student is never heard of after school days are over. It is not a qualification for good judgment, to be able' to learn to a "flash" and forget it overnight If your son or your daughter possesses the faculty for thinking through problems and arriving at sensible conclusions, he or she is more likely to be a success in after life than the one who is merely distinguished for marks. Too often those who learn easily get into the habit of taking up subjects that they can easily comprehend, and avoiding the things that require time. They are accustomed to doing things fast and have no taste for studies that require considerable time spent in thought and the use of reasoning power. Having passed in school with little effort, they expect to get through life easily. But it just doesn't work out that way. Ten Years Ago-Frank Sanford, a member of the police department, was nominated to the position of chief of police coday by action of the city council. He fills the post left vacant by the resignation of J. O. Arnold. Charles Adams, known in the city police annals as C. Moran, died at a local hospital today from a wound inflicted by a Hanlontown marshal after he was alleged to have robbed the Lester cafe. Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Smith and three Jons, 226 Fifteenth street northwest, left yesterday for a tour which ultimately will take them across the border into Ontario, Canada. ATHENS--Greece has sent two regiments to the Greek-Bulgarian frontier and is drafting an ultimatum to the Bulgarian government, planning to send its troops Into Bulgaria if the ultimatum is rejected. A special train carrying three Mason City national guard companies left today for Camp Dodge, where the men will train for 15 days. ANSWERS to QUESTIONS By FREDERICK J. HASKTN, DIRECTOR GLOBE-GAZETTE INFORMATION BUREAU IN WASHINGTON A reader can Â«ei the ifisner to an notation of fact by writing the Globe Qftxette InformitlflD Bnrean, Frederic i. Haakln, Director. WÂ£hlngtoti k D. C. PtaAe Inclose three (3) cents for reply. TODAY IN HISTORY AUG. 1 ONE-MINUTE PULPIT--To him that overcom- eth will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in His throne.--Revelations 3:21. Notables Born This Date--Myraa Williams, known as Myrna Loy, b. 1905, cinemactress Stanley Baldwin, b. 1867, British prime minister Ellison D Smith, b. 1864, senator from South Carolina Ernest T. Weir, b. 1875, steel magnate....Paul Horgan, b. 1903, prizewinning novelist--"The Fault of the Angels," etc William Clark, b. 1770 in Virginia, youngest of six brothers (one of them was George Rogers Clark J, destined to become an army officer at 18. and superior officer in the historic Lewis and Clark expedition at 34. He really was principal military director of this epochal adventure, which opened up the west, with Merriwether Lewis attending to the scientific details. * # * 1798--Commodore Horatio Nelson, 40, wrote Sir William Hamilton, British ambassador at Naples, ."Almighty God has made me the happy instrument in destroying the enemy's fleet, which I hope will be a blessing to Europe. You will have the goodness to communicate this happy event to all the courts in Italy for my head is so indifferent 1 can scarcely scrawl this letter." Nelson's whole body was "indifferent," for he was both seasick and wounded as he won Britain's important naval victory, Battle of the Nile, in which he swept Napoleon's fleet from the seas. The letter to Hamilton was the first news of the battle to reach the outside world. * * * 1834--Britain accomplished for $640,000 what it cost the United States 300,000 lives and at least 10 billion dollars to do. The British parliament emancipat ed the Bahaman slaves by the simple process of buying all of them up at an average of $60 each and freeisx them. Who was Frankenstein? F: C. The young student in Mrs. Shel ley's romance of that .name. H made a soulless monster out of corpses from churchyards and dis sectlng rooms, and endued it with life by galvanism. Mrs. Shelley gav no name to the monster, and there fore he is not infrequently caJlei Frankenstein. This is, of course, an error. When canned foods freeze in tin cans before opened, are the con tents spoiled? G. R. Most canned goods will stand a little freezing without appreciable change. Repeated freezing and thawing cause the foods to become flabby and gives a flat taste. Such a change however, does not alter the wholesomeness or food value of the material, but it may change the texture, appearance and palatability. What is a regius professor? P. L. This name is given to professors the patronage of whose chairs is vested in the crown. In the English universities the term is especially applied to those professorships founded by Henry Vm. Who originated the idea of having a Mount Vemon Memorial high way? F. W. The conception of a memorial highway originated with citizens of Alexandria in 1866. The idea has been fostered by various national organizations and government officials, but no tangible progress was made toward Its fulfillment until an act of congress was passed May 23,1928, authorizing and directing he United States bicentennial commission for the celebration of tfie two hundredth anniversary of the birth of George Washington to take such steps as might be necessary to construct a suitable memorial highway and providing funds for the purpose. Bow high are the tides in the Ok- hotsk sea? E. F. According to Russian investiga- tory these tides which occur only once in 24 hours, reach a height of 37 feet What in the cry of UOO? F. P. The cry raised on the London stock exchange to give notice that a stranger had entered the house. The. term is said to have been in use in Defoe's time, and to have originated at a time when for a considerable period the number of members had remained stationary at 1,399, Give biography of Thomas Wolfe, author of Of Time and the River. R. K. Bora in Asheville, N. Car., Oct. 3, 1900, Mr. Wolfe is .the son ol William Oliver and Elizabeth Westall Wolfe. He received his A. B. at the University of North Carolius in 1920; A. M., Harvard, 1922; Guggenheim fellowship for' study abroad, 1930-31. From 1924-1930 he was instructor in English at Washington Square college, New Tork university. He is unmarried. What Japanese musical Instrument resembles a banjo? P. N. A samisen with three strings. How many bombs can the new army air corps mystery bomber carry? 8. M. Designed to carry, six tons of bombs for 6,000 miles without re- fuelling and to have a top speed of 220 miles an hour. What is the significance of the. new Mormon monument in New York? F. G. The Angel Moroni monument is a memorial to the birthplace of Mormonism. It is located on the summit of Curnorah hill near Palmyra, N. Y. Here, according to tradition, an angel "appeared before Joseph Smith presenting the golden leaves from which he translated the Book of Mormon. What very early Methodist or Baptist church In Pittsburgh, Pa., was popularly known as Brimstone Corner? V. W. Now known as the Smithfield Street Methodist Episcopal church, Seventh Avenue and Smithfield street. ' Â· Â· What is the origin of "a feather in your cap?" F. E. The allusion is to the very common custom in Asia and among the American Indians of adding a new 'eather to their headgear for every enemy slain. AUNT MET By Robert Quillec "Billy's proud of his first baby, but he looks kind o' lost. It takes time for a young father to get used to somebody else gettiir the pettin'."